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Results 501 - 550 of 3241
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Ensenauer R - - 2013
Background:Defining prenatal modifiable risk factors of childhood overweight and obesity has become critical as the need of primary preventive strategies increases.Objective:To investigate the interrelationship between inadequate or excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), according to maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI)-specific Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations, and childhood overweight and abdominal ...
Hu Yunzhen - - 2013
Aspirin and clopidogrel are used widely as antiplatelet agents due to their efficacy, safety, and tolerability. In rare cases, these agents can cause thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, but no report has documented severe thrombocytopenia in response to both drugs in the same patient. A 73-yearold female developed severe thrombocytopenia following treatment ...
Ferrara Pietro - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate pain perception in epileptic children during an invasive procedure as the collection of venous blood through salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) activity determination, and to compare it with that of healthy children. In the study 23 children, 12 with epilepsy and 11 healthy controls ...
Padilla-Rodriguez Marco - - 2013
A novel cyclovirus (proposed genus "Cyclovirus", family Circoviridae) was discovered in a specimen of Eurycotis floridana (Walker), also known as the Florida woods cockroach or palmetto bug, collected from Tarpon Springs, Florida. The Florida woods cockroach-associated cyclovirus GS140 (FWCasCyV-GS140) was obtained through a degenerate PCR assay and showed 64 % genome-wide ...
Kim Ji Hoon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recently, single port laparoscopic surgery has begun to develop as an extension of minimally invasive surgery, but there have been only a few reports of single port laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (SPLTEP) hernioplasty. In addition, there are few comparative studies with conventional laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (CLTEP) hernioplasty. The aim of ...
Williams Sophie - - 2013
Ceramic-on-metal (COM) hip replacements, where the head is BIOLOX® Delta ceramic and the liner is CoCrMo alloy, have demonstrated reduced wear under standard simulator conditions compared to metal-on-metal (MOM) bearings. COM hips are now being used clinically around the world. MOM hip resurfacings have raised concerns regarding poor clinical performance ...
Tulpule Ketki - - 2013
Formaldehyde is endogenously produced in the human body and brain levels of this compound are elevated in neurodegenerative conditions. Although the toxic potential of an excess of formaldehyde has been studied, little is known on the molecular mechanisms underlying its neurotoxicity as well as on the ability of neurons to ...
Wu Wei - - 2013
Schistosomiasis remains a major public health problem with an estimated 200 million people infected in the world, and in China, schistosomiasis japonica is endemic in the south part of the country. In 1960s, before praziquantel was developed, there were about seven million patients. Praziquantel has a high efficacy against Schistosoma, ...
Murata Viviane Midori - - 2013
Digoxin is a pharmaceutical used in the control of cardiac dysfunction. Its therapeutic window is narrow, with effect dosage very close to the toxic dosage. To counteract the toxic effect, polyclonal Fab fragments are commercially available. Our study is based on a monoclonal anti-digoxin antibody, which would provide a product ...
Khojasteh Arash - - 2013
Polycaprolactone-tricalcium phosphate (PCL-TCP), a new composite scaffold, has been shown to facilitate early revascularization and speed up bone regeneration process. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of PCL-TCP seeded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on healing of the vertical bone critical sized defect in dog's mandible. ...
Philippou Prodromos - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The European Association of Urology guidelines identify lichen sclerosus (LS) as a strong risk factor for penile squamous cell carcinoma (pSCC). However, this statement is based on the findings of case-control studies (Level of Evidence 2a) and a direct ...
Hill Nicholas J - - 2013
This research investigates the influence of religious preference and practice on the use of contraception. Much of earlier research examines the level of religiosity on sexual activity. This research extends this reasoning by suggesting that peer group effects create a willingness to mask the level of sexuality through the use ...
Nyman Erika - - 2013
Abstract Foetal wounds are unique in their ability to heal rapidly without forming scars. The amniotic fluid, rich in nutrients, growth factors, and hyaluronic acid, surrounds the foetus and is essential to foetal wound healing. The wound healing properties of foetal wounds may be the result of high concentrations of ...
Martin-Loeches Ignacio - - 2013
PURPOSE: As per 2005 American Thoracic Society and Infectious Disease Society of America (ATS/IDSA) guidelines for managing hospital-acquired pneumonia, patients with early-onset pneumonia and without risk factors do not need to be treated for potentially resistant microorganisms (PRM). METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a prospective, observational, cohort, multicentre ...
Morita Masaru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer is frequently associated with head and neck cancer, and esophagectomy is usually difficult in such a case. The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical significance of esophagectomy for patients with esophageal cancer associated either synchronously or metachronously with head and neck cancer. METHODS: The ...
Ma Chao - - 2013
Magnesium and its alloys have gained significant attention recently as potential alternatives for biodegradable materials due to their unique biodegradability, biocompatibility, and mechanical properties. However, magnesium alloys tend to have high corrosion rates in biological liquids, thus presenting a potential problem if a magnesium implant/device needs to maintain mechanical integrity ...
Draaken Markus - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC) is a urogenital birth defect of varying severity. The causes of the BEEC are likely to be heterogeneous, with individual environmental or genetic risk factors still being largely unknown. In this study, we aimed to identify de novo causative copy number variations (CNVs) that contribute ...
Hieda Junko - - 2013
The number of hydroxyl groups on a Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr (TNTZ) alloy surface was controlled through H(2) O(2) treatment for further improvement of the adhesive strength and durability against water of TNTZ/silane layers (SILs)/segmented polyurethane (SPU) composites. The effect of the terminal functional groups on the adhesive strength of SPU on TNTZ, ...
Park Chun Soo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The early effect of pulmonary regurgitation (PR) on both ventricular volume and function has not been well established in children. We evaluated the early effect of PR on both ventricular volume and function in young children. METHODS: Among patients who underwent total repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal ...
Lukas Rimas V - - 2013
A 50-year-old woman with a history of metastatic malignant thymoma presented with diffuse neuropathic pain involving the extremities and torso prior to chemotherapy and radiation. She also developed episodic diarrhea, diaphoresis, fevers, insomnia, and encephalopathy. Examination revealed rippling muscles (video on the Neurology® Web site at www.neurology.org). Prolonged afterdischarges were ...
Follin Elna - - 2013
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes are the most polymorphic genes found in the vertebrate genome, and they encode proteins that play an essential role in the adaptive immune response. Many songbirds (passerines) have been shown to have a large number of transcribed MHC class I genes compared to most ...
Wang Xiao - - 2013
Objective : Because interpersonal discussion about condom use can encourage subsequent condom use, this project aims to examine the psychological antecedents of intentions to discuss or request the use of condoms with a sexual partner. Method : The data were collected from 849 heterosexual college students in the USA through ...
Han Song-Hee - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection has been linked to the development of lymphocytic gastritis (LG) characterized by ≥25 intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) per 100 epithelial cells. We hypothesize that the changes in the subpopulation and/or cytotoxicity of IELs leading to epithelial cell apoptosis may be involved in the pathogenesis of H. pylori-associated LG. ...
Yu Zhou - - 2013
In this paper, large scale hierarchical CdS dendrites are synthesized via a facile and effective hydrothermal route. The morphologies, microstructures and photocatalytic properties of the as-synthesized products are investigated in detail. Individual CdS dendrites consist of a long central trunk with secondary and tertiary sharp branches, which preferentially grow in ...
Williams Nathalie E - - 2013
This study analyses micro-level variability in migration during armed conflict in Nepal. The analysis is based on a multi-dimensional model of individual out-migration that examines the economic, social, and political consequences of conflict and how community organizations condition the experience of these consequences and systematically alter migration patterns. Detailed data ...
Liu P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Resveratrol is an edible polyphenolic phytoalexin present in different plant species and plays important role in inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis of pancreatic cancer cells. In this paper, the mechanism of resveratrol on PANC-1, CFPAC-1 and MIA Paca-2 cells apoptosis was examined. METHODS: We first evaluated the effect of ...
Fiorentino A - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the differences between the target delineation using computed tomography (CT) and imaging fusion CT/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the radiotherapy planning of glioblastoma. METHODS: One hundred-twenty gross tumor volume and clinical target volume on CT and MRI (GTV(CT)/CTV(CT), GTV(MRI)/CTV(MRI), respectively) were contoured and evaluated. The treatments planning ...
Zhaxybayeva Olga - - 2013
Biogeography of microbial populations remains to be poorly understood, and a novel technique of single cell sorting promises a new level of resolution for microbial diversity studies. Using single cell sorting, we compared saturated NaCl brine environments (32-35 %) of the South Bay Salt Works in Chula Vista in California (USA) ...
Houdmont Jonathan - - 2013
Abstract In response to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, many employers in sub-Saharan Africa have introduced voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV. To assess the factors that predict repeat VCT attendance at 12-month follow-up we analysed data from a nurse-administered questionnaire that was distributed to factory workers in ...
Shimizu K - - 2013
Study design:Single-subject case.Objectives:To describe the atypical presentation of communication with a blind tetraplegic spinal cord injury patient on a respirator using an electrolarynx.Setting:Critical care center in Osaka, Japan.Methods:A 53-year-old blind man with tetraplegic spinal cord injury was admitted to our center. It was difficult for him to express his desires ...
Zhuang Yanli - - 2013
Objective: Sirukumab (CNTO 136) is a human mAb with high affinity and specificity for binding to interleukin-6. This Phase 1 study evaluated the pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, safety, and tolerability of sirukumab following a single subcutaneous (s.c.) administration in healthy male Japanese and Caucasian subjects. Methods: Japanese and Caucasian subjects were randomized ...
Goto Takeo - - 2013
Although entire exposure of the sigmoid sinus has been recognized as a complicated procedure in presigmoid approaches, we developed a new technique to expose the sigmoid sinus quite safely and simply without tough bone work. This study aims to demonstrate our technique in detail and present the effect of the ...
White Aaron M - - 2013
Drug poisoning is the leading method of suicide-related deaths among females and third among males in the United States. Alcohol can increase the severity of drug poisonings, yet the prevalence of alcohol overdoses in suicide-related drug poisonings (SRDP) remains unclear. Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample was examined to determine ...
Golshahi L - - 2013
Deposition of particles in the aerodynamic diameter range of 0.5-6.7 μm was measured in nine replicas of the extrathoracic airways of adults with four sinusoidal patterns and oral breathing. The four chosen breathing patterns are typical of those occurring during natural resting breathing and during nebulization therapy. Additionally, deposition of micrometer-sized ...
Bohman B - - 2013
AIM: To investigate conversations between nurses and parents in Swedish child health services, and to assess to what extent attention is directed towards dietary and physical activity behaviors in children. METHODS: Twenty-three nurses audio-recorded one session each. Recordings were assessed and topics were classified according to pre-determined categories. RESULTS: The ...
Huan Zhiguang - - 2013
In this study, a porous oxide layer was formed on the surface of nickel-titanium alloy (NiTi) by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) with the aim to produce a polymer-free drug carrier for drug eluting stent (DES) applications. The oxidation was performed galvanostatically in concentrated phosphoric acid electrolyte at low temperature. It ...
Pamuk Baris Onder - - 2013
The aim of this was to evaluate some of the vascular biomarkers and cytokines related with atherosclerosis in regularly treated and attack-free familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients. Forty (21 males [M] and 19 females [F], 31 [15-58] years) FMF patients and eighteen healthy controls (11 M and 7 F, 35.5 [19-46] ...
Nagarajan Niranjan - - 2013
Advances in sequencing technologies and increased access to sequencing services have led to renewed interest in sequence and genome assembly. Concurrently, new applications for sequencing have emerged, including gene expression analysis, discovery of genomic variants and metagenomics, and each of these has different needs and challenges in terms of assembly. ...
Celik Ahmet - - 2013
The pathophysiology of Cardiac Syndrome X (CSX) is still unclear, but most patients with CSX have endothelial dysfunction. It has been shown that adropin uniquely effects the regulation of endothelial function. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of adropin in CSX. 86 consecutive Cardiac Syndrome X-diagnosed ...
De Moraes Carlos G - - 2013
Purpose:  To investigate the relationship between optic disc progression and rates of visual field (VF) change in patients with treated glaucoma. Methods:  Glaucoma patients with repeatable VF loss, ≥8 SITA-Standard 24-2 VF tests and good quality optic disc stereophotographs evaluated over a 10-year period were included. Optic disc photographs were ...
Wang Linjie - - 2013
GSK-3 plays an important role on numerous cellular processes involved in the regulation of embryonic development, protein synthesis, glycogen metabolism, inflammatory, mitosis and apoptosis. In this study, we obtained the cDNA and promoter sequences of the porcine GSK-3α gene, analyzed its genomic organization and mapped it to SSC6q12 through comparative ...
Zhe Cheng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The safety and feasibility of laparoscopic splenectomy and esophagogastric devascularization are still uncertain. The aim of this study was to compare our results for laparoscopic splenectomy and esophagogastric devascularization with those for open splenectomy and esophagogastric devascularization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2011, 153 patients were ...
Huang Jie - - 2013
Two new glycosides, 2-methyl pyromeconic acid 3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside-6'-(O-4″-hydroxybenzoate) (1), 6'-O-p-hydroxybenzoyl-gardoside (2) and four known iridoid glycosides (3-6) were isolated from the whole plant of Vitex negundo. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods including HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR.
Comba Santiago - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP, EC 3.1.3.4) catalyzes the dephosphorylation of phosphatidate yielding diacylglycerol (DAG), the lipid precursor for triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis. Despite the importance of PAP activity in TAG producing bacteria, studies to establish its role in lipid metabolism have been so far restricted only to eukaryotes. Considering ...
Kratzke Cynthia - - 2013
Although breast cancer prevention targets mostly women ages 40 and older, little is known about breast cancer prevention for young women and mother's advice. The purpose of this study was to examine breast cancer prevention knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among college women and mother-daughter communication. Hispanic and non-Hispanic students at ...
Chong Song-Ho - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive deposition of amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptides in brain parenchyma and cerebral blood vessels. Several pathogenic familial mutations of Aβ peptides have been identified that exhibit enhanced neurotoxicity and aggregative ability. However, knowledge of the structural characteristics of those Aβ mutants is still ...
Fuehrer Hans-Peter - - 2013
Dirofilaria immitis is a parasite of domestic and wild canids and felids in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world. The canine heartworm (D. immitis) is the causative agent of canine and feline cardiopulmonary dirofilariasis. This parasite is known to cause a zoonotic disease, namely human pulmonary dirofilariasis. D. ...
Kummer Kim M - - 2013
Infection of titanium (Ti)-based orthopedic implants is a growing problem due to the ability of bacteria to develop a resistance to today's antibiotics. As an attempt to develop a new strategy to combat bacteria functions, Ti was anodized in the present study to possess different diameters of nanotubes. It is ...
Green Victoria L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The nature of the tumour microenvironment immune response in head and neck cancer patients has an important role in tumour development and metastasis, but it is unknown if this differs between cancer subsites or whether it is related to the peripheral immune response. METHODS: Immune cells (CD4, CD8, Foxp3) ...
Hodgson David M - - 2013
The synthesis and alkylation of chiral, nonracemic tropane- and homotropane-derived enamines is examined as an approach to enantioenriched α-alkylated aldehydes. The two bicyclic N auxiliaries, which differ by a single methylene group, give opposite senses of asymmetric induction on alkylation with EtI and provide modestly enantioenriched 2-ethylhexanal (following hydrolysis of ...
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