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Wang Chunlian - - 2013
Background/Aims: Ulcerative colitis is a remitting and relapsing chronic inflammatory disorder of the colon with a mortality rate of 7% from acute severe UC. Methodology: A retrospective study of the correlation of clinical indicators, laboratory indicators, endoscopical features, and histological features with clinical severity of UC was conducted in 125 ...
Friedrich Tatjana - - 2013
Photoreactive and thermoresponsive N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM)-surfmer copolymer hydrogels containing 4,4'-di(6-sulfato-hexyloxy)azobenzene (DSHA) dianions are described. The functional hydrogels are obtained in a two steps. First a micellar aqueous solution of (11-(acryloyloxy)undecyl)trimethylammonium bromide (AUTMAB) and NIPAM is exposed to (60) Co-gamma irradiation, and a thermoresponsive copolymer gel is obtained. Second, DSHA is included ...
Risavi Brian L - - 2013
Introduction The health care industry is increasingly focused on customer service, one aspect of which is dealing with customer complaints. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and nature of complaints against prehospital providers in a rural Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system. METHODS: This retrospective study of ...
Mkandawire-Valhmu Lucy - - 2013
Abstract The gender inequalities that characterise intimate partner relationships in Malawi, a country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the world, arguably place marriage as an important risk factor for HIV infection among women, yet few studies detail the complex interactions of marriage and risk. In order ...
Zhang Min-Min - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adult rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons normally express transcripts for five isoforms of the α-subunit of voltage-gated sodium channels: NaV1.1, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, and 1.9. Tetrodotoxin (TTX) readily blocks all but NaV1.8 and 1.9, and pharmacological agents that discriminate among the TTX-sensitive NaV1-isoforms are scarce. Recently, ...
Nescolarde L - - 2013
Injuries to lower limb muscles are common among football players. Localized bioimpedance analysis (BIA) utilizes electrical measurements to assess soft tissue hydration and cell membrane integrity non-invasively. This study reports the effects of the severity of muscle injury and recovery on BIA variables. We made serial tetra-polar, phase-sensitive 50 kHz localized ...
Cielecka-Piontek Judyta - - 2013
Abstract Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of faropenem in solid state. Results: The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of degradation of faropenem were studied using an RP-HPLC method while the changes of spectral properties were investigated using derivative UV and FT-IR. Quantum-chemical calculations, based on ...
Jonsson Maria - - 2013
Abstract Objective To evaluate if acidemia in vigorous infants is useful in the assessment of intrapartum care with regard to cardiotocographic (CTG) patterns during the second stage. Methods Cases (n=241) were infants with an umbilical artery pH < 7.05, controls (n= 482) were infants with pH ≥ 7.05. Apgar score ...
Yildiz Nurdan - - 2013
Abstract Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is considered as the most common form of renal replacement therapy for newborns including preterms with acute kidney injury (AKI). Although there are several reports describing successful PD performed for AKI in preterm infants, there is no data describing the use of PD to treat AKI ...
Lee Dong Hoon - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Closed reduction is an effective and safe treatment method for arytenoid dislocation. Early closed reduction of arytenoid cartilage plays an important role in voice recovery. Objective: The study reviewed the clinical characteristics of arytenoid dislocation with the aim of identifying factors influencing voice recovery in the closed reduction ...
Stickgold Robert - - 2013
The brain does not retain all the information it encodes in a day. Much is forgotten, and of those memories retained, their subsequent evolution can follow any of a number of pathways. Emerging data makes clear that sleep is a compelling candidate for performing many of these operations. But how ...
Nijmeijer S - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The histamine H(4) receptor, originally thought to signal merely through Gα(i) -proteins, has recently been shown to also recruit and signal via β-arrestin2. Following the discovery that the reference antagonist indolecarboxamide JNJ 7777120 appears to be a partial agonist in β-arrestin2 recruitment, we have identified additional biased ...
Mistri Tarun - - 2013
A 7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole (NBD) derived turn-on fluorescent probe () exhibits a reversible binding to Cu(2+) ion in presence of other metal ions, giving ∼20 fold increase in fluorescence intensity. The apparent association constant (K(a)) for Cu(2+) was found to be 2.62 × 10(4) M(-1). The intracellular Cu(2+) imaging behaviour of chemosensor ...
Vlamakis Hera H Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2013
Biofilms are ubiquitous communities of tightly associated bacteria encased in an extracellular matrix. Bacillus subtilis has long served as a robust model organism to examine the molecular mechanisms of biofilm formation, and a number of studies have revealed that this process is regulated by several integrated pathways. In this Review, ...
Gooren Louis J - - 2013
Transgender people sometimes use cross-sex hormones without medical supervision. The use of cross-sex hormones, as well as the functional health and mental well-being, among male-to-female transgendered people ('kathoeys') in Chiang Mai, Thailand, was studied. Sixty kathoeys were interviewed regarding their use of cross-sex hormones and their family relationships. Individuals also ...
Polimeni Manuela - - 2013
Natural hemozoin (nHZ), a lipid-bound ferriprotoporphyrin IX crystal produced by Plasmodium parasites after hemoglobin catabolism, seriously compromises the functions of human monocytes, and 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), two nHZ lipoperoxidation products, have been related to such a functional impairment. nHZ was recently shown to promote inflammation-mediated lysozyme release ...
Zhou Huiqiong - - 2013
A significant enhancement of efficiency in thieno[3,4-b]-thiophene/benzodithiophene:[6,6]-phenyl C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PTB7:PC(70) BM) solar cells can be achieved by methanol treatment. The effects of methanol treatment are shown in an improvement of built-in voltage, a decrease in series resistance, an enhanced charge-transport property, an accelerated and enlarged charge extraction, and ...
Yang Lijun - - 2013
A high power conversion efficiency of 10.24% can be obtained in a dye-sensitized solar cell by incorporating multiwall carbon nanotubes inside a TiO(2) nanorod photoanode. The multiwall carbon nanotubes in the nanorod can effectively collect and transport photogenerated electrons reducing the recombination as well as improving efficiency of the device.
Cho Jae-Hyun - - 2013
Although intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG) has been widely used to localize epileptogenic zones in epilepsy, visual inspection of iEEG recordings does not always result in a favorable surgical outcome, especially in secondary generalized epilepsy such as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). Various computational iEEG analysis methods have recently been introduced to confirm the ...
Maesa José-María - - 2013
In this work, we study the electrochemical behaviour of skatole, one of the compounds responsible for the offensive smell in pork meat that is known as boar taint, at different metal and carbon electrodes. We then demonstrate for the first time that skatole and indole, the main electroactive interferent potentially ...
Han Song-I - - 2013
This paper presents an effective electrorotation technique for measuring the dielectric properties of cells using a superposed electrical signal, which can simultaneously generate negative quadrupolar dielectrophoretic (nQDEP) force and electrorotational (ROT) torque. The proposed technique involves a three-dimensional (3D) octode, which includes four electrodes arranged in a crisscross pattern on ...
Souza P P C - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Bone resorption induced by interleukin-1β (IL-1 β) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF-α) is synergistically potentiated by kinins, partially due to enhanced kinin receptor expression. Inflammation induced bone resorption can be impaired by IL-4 and IL-13. The aim was to investigate if expression of B(1) and B(2) kinin ...
Zhang Shaowen - - 2013
8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is a sensitive biomarker for DNA oxidative damage. However, its determination in human urine is confounded by trace level and complex matrix. In this study, a new configuration of on-line solid phase microextraction coupled to high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection was established with molecularly imprinted monolithic column as ...
Han Dong-Hun - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Nitric Oxide (NO) is one of the most powerful antibacterial compounds. The aim of this study was to determine the association between salivary NO, dental caries and cariogenic bacteria. Materials and methods. The salivary NO concentration of 257 Korean children was analyzed by the Griess colorimetric reaction method. ...
Hiivala Nora - - 2013
Abstract Background. Few data are available on dental patient safety (PS), as most PS studies have focused on other activities in health care. Objective. To detect types and causes of dental PS incidents (PSIs), including adverse events (AEs) and near misses (NMs), in Finnish dental care. Material and methods. Altogether ...
Pope M - - 2013
AIM: Hypothermia induced by cold exposure at birth is prevented in sheep by the rapid onset of non-shivering thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT). Changes in adipose tissue composition in early life are therefore essential for survival but also influence adiposity in later life and were thus examined in detail ...
Burkle Frederick M - - 2013
The collaborative London based non-governmental organization network ELRHA (Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance) supports partnerships between higher education institutions and humanitarian organizations worldwide with the objective to enhance the professionalization of the humanitarian sector. While coordination and control of the humanitarian sector has plagued the response to every ...
Sadati Leila - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in surgery and anaesthesia techniques, anxiety remains an important problem that imposes tremendous barriers to postoperative recovery for surgery patients. AIMS: In this study, we investigated the effects of preoperative nursing visits on anxiety and postoperative complications in candidates for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients ...
Scagnolari Carolina - - 2013
Type I interferons (IFNs) comprise a group of at least 13 structurally related subtypes of IFN-α with similar, but not identical, biological activities. Each subtype displays a unique activity profile; only IFN-α2a and IFN-α2b subtypes together with natural IFN-α preparations are currently used in the clinical practice, so that the ...
Lattal K Matthew KM Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA. - - 2013
Targeting epigenetic mechanisms during initial learning or memory retrieval can lead to persistent memory. Retrieval induces plasticity that may result in reconsolidation of the original memory, in which critical molecular events are needed to stabilize the memory, or extinction, in which new learning during the retrieval trial creates an additional ...
Kauppinen Ari - - 2013
During the past decade, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has been applied for in-line moisture content quantification during a freeze-drying process. However, NIR has been used as a single-vial technique and thus is not representative of the entire batch. This has been considered as one of the main barriers for NIR spectroscopy ...
Vázquez-Román Victoria - - 2013
The ultimobranchial follicles (UBFs) are considered embryonic remnants from the ultimobranchial body (UBB). They are follicular structures that vary in size and appearance depending on the age of the rat. The main objective of this article was to study the progressive changes in shape, size, and frequency of the UBFs ...
Rygiel Tomasz P - - 2013
Background: Allograft rejection continues to be the biggest hurdle in successful organ transplantation. This application (WO2012106634A1) claims the use of blocking CD200 antibody to achieve long-term survival of allografts. CD200 is the ligand for the inhibitory CD200 receptor (CD200R). Methods: In mouse allograft transplantation models, a blocking CD200 antibody was ...
Padilla Fernando - - 2013
We describe the discovery of several pyrrolopyrazines as potent and selective Syk inhibitors, and the efforts that eventually led to the desired improvements in physicochemical properties and human whole blood potencies. Ultimately, our mouse model revealed unexpected toxicity that precluded us from further advancing this series.
Lee J-H - - 2013
Objective: To demonstrate a safe and effective method for complete resection of squamous papilloma in the nasopharyngeal surface of the soft palate. This technique was used on a patient in whom the papilloma had twice recurred following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Methods: Case report and review of the relevant literature. Results: The patient ...
Soares Daniela Novaes - - 2013
Abstract Objective. This study aimed to assess the in vitro effects of paediatric liquid medicines on deciduous enamel exposed to biofilms. Methods. Fragments (n = 25) of first primary molars were covered by nail varnish, leaving a 22 mm(2) exposure area. Specimens were fixed in polystyrene plates containing BHI broth ...
Meyer-Bäumer Amelie - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To compare the increase of DMF-T and DMF-S in patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) and chronic periodontitis (ChP) after active periodontal therapy. Materials and methods. One hundred and thirty-six periodontally treated patients were re-examined after 10 years. Dental and periodontal status was assessed and patients' charts were screened ...
Charron Danielle Marie - - 2013
Terahertz (THz) spectroscopic imaging is a promising technique for distinguishing pharmaceuticals of similar molecular composition but differing crystal structures. Physicochemical properties, for instance bioavailability, are manipulated by altering a drug's crystal structure through methods such as cocrystallisation. Cocrystals are molecular complexes having crystal structures different from those of their pure ...
Bourdiec Amélie - - 2013
PROBLEM: Successful embryonic implantation requires an appropriate communication network between the embryo and its near environment within the implantation site. Herein, we examined whether human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), the major embryonic signal, targets endothelial cells and regulate their responsiveness to interleukin 1 (IL1), one of the earliest signals released by ...
Spasyuk Denis - - 2013
Catalyst tune-up: A readily available, air-stable amino-sulfide catalyst, [RuCl(2) (PPh(3) ){HN(C(2) H(4) SEt)(2) }], has been developed. This complex displays outstanding efficiency for the hydrogenation of a broad range of substrates with CX bonds (esters, ketones, imines), as well as for the acceptorless dehydrogenative coupling of ethanol to ethyl acetate.
Ueda Manabu - - 2013
It is well known that propolis has the ability to prevent hyperglycemia. However, the underlying mechanism is not yet fully understood. We therefore investigated whether a Brazilian propolis ethanol extract affects glucose uptake and translocation of insulin-sensitive glucose transporter (GLUT) 4 in skeletal muscle cells. In L6 myotubes, the extract ...
Billingsley-Marshall Rebecca L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We examined the influence of depression and anxiety on executive function in individuals with a DSM-IV diagnosis of anorexia nervosa-restricting type, anorexia nervosa-binge-eating/purging type, bulimia nervosa, or eating disorder not otherwise specified. METHOD: We assessed 106 women after their inpatient treatment in an eating disorders program. All participants were ...
Loader Benjamin - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Tenotomy is a promising surgical alternative with a high reduction in dizziness handicap in the short and long term. Objectives: To investigate the immediate and the long-term effect of tenotomy of the stapedius and tensor tympani muscles on subjective dizziness as measured by the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI). ...
Scheublin Tanja R - - 2013
Bacteria of the genus Arthrobacter are common inhabitants of the soil environment, but can also be recovered from leaf surfaces (the phyllosphere). Using enrichment cultures on 4-chlorophenol, we succeeded in specifically isolating Arthrobacter bacteria from ground cover vegetation in an apple orchard. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, the isolates ...
Dethier Marie - - 2013
The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body and facial feedback in adults who had suffered from a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) to gain some understanding of their difficulties in the regulation of negative emotions. Twenty-four participants with TBI and 28 control participants adopted ...
Salvador Lilibeth A LA Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, - - 2013
We discovered new structural diversity to a prevalent, yet medicinally underappreciated, cyanobacterial protease inhibitor scaffold and undertook comprehensive protease profiling to reveal potent and selective elastase inhibition. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies and X-ray cocrystal structure analysis allowed a detailed assessment of critical and tunable structural elements. To realize the therapeutic ...
Book Wendy - - 2013
BACKGROUND.: Many adults with transposition of the great arteries have an anatomic right ventricle functioning as the systemic ventricle and are known to develop congestive heart failure, premature cardiac death, and need for cardiac transplantation. Predictors of poor clinical outcome and functional status in patients with left ventricular failure do ...
Alvarado-Hernandez Diana Lorena - - 2013
Exposure to organochlorine pesticides was studied in a group of mother-infant pairs living in a rural area where agriculture is the main economic activity. Fumigation in this zone is performed with airplanes, thus affecting the inhabited areas around them, including schools. Heparinized venous blood of mothers and umbilical cords was ...
Hamon Martial - - 2013
Radial access use has been growing steadily but, despite encouraging results, still varies greatly among operators, hospitals, countries and continents. Twenty years from its introduction, it was felt that the time had come to develop a common evidence-based view on the technical, clinical and organisational implications of using the radial ...
Cal Sílvia Fernanda - - 2013
Resilience (RS) concerns human beings' capacity to respond positively to adverse situations they face, enabling individuals to achieve, maintain, or recover physical or emotional health after devastating illness, losses, or other stressful situations. RS can be an important factor in health promotion. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
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