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Results 351 - 400 of 4461
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Billingsley-Marshall Rebecca L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We examined the influence of depression and anxiety on executive function in individuals with a DSM-IV diagnosis of anorexia nervosa-restricting type, anorexia nervosa-binge-eating/purging type, bulimia nervosa, or eating disorder not otherwise specified. METHOD: We assessed 106 women after their inpatient treatment in an eating disorders program. All participants were ...
Loader Benjamin - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Tenotomy is a promising surgical alternative with a high reduction in dizziness handicap in the short and long term. Objectives: To investigate the immediate and the long-term effect of tenotomy of the stapedius and tensor tympani muscles on subjective dizziness as measured by the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI). ...
Fanali Gabriella - - 2013
Given the ability of human serum albumin (HSA) to bind hydrophobic ligands, the binding mode of α-tocopherol, the most representative member of the vitamin E family, is reported. α-Tocopherol binds to HSA with K $_{\rm d}^0$ = (7.0 ± 3.0) × 10(-6) M (pH 7.2, 25.0°C). Competitive and allosteric modulation ...
Schacter Daniel L - - 2013
A recent decision in the United States by the New Jersey Supreme Court has led to improved jury instructions that incorporate psychological research showing that memory does not operate like a video recording. Here we consider how cognitive neuroscience could contribute to addressing memory in the courtroom. We discuss conditions ...
Sonntag Diana - - 2013
The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative recommends targeting resources to research institutions in developing countries in order to accelerate the development of an effective HIV vaccine. In contrast, this paper shows that neither lump-sum nor in-kind transfers are an effective policy. We analyze several financing mechanisms as a means to overcome ...
Grosset K A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In this first study of inhaled apomorphine (VR040) in patients with Parkinson's disease, the primary objective was to find the minimum efficacious dose of apomorphine that was useful in rescuing patients during 'off' periods. Safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of inhaled apomorphine were assessed during the study. METHODS: ...
de Oliveira Mota Mânlio Tasso - - 2013
Two cases of patients with high-risk human papillomavirus-related squamous cell carcinomas of the penis are reported. In both patients, a second high-risk human papillomavirus-related squamous cell carcinoma, of the same type (genotype 16), was detected: a carcinoma of the oropharynx 2 years after treatment of the squamous cell carcinomas of ...
Wu Dahai - - 2013
Abstract Conclusions: The lingua/pharynx (L/P) ratio has high sensitivity and specificity in predicting the severity of retroglossal obstruction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of the L/P ratio in predicting the severity of retroglossal obstruction in patients with OSAHS. Methods: Airway ...
Chen Liang-Yih - - 2013
In this study, ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) were conformally covered on the surfaces of ZnO nanowires (ZnO NWs) with high diffusion coefficient (1.2 × 10(-2) cm(2) s(-1)) to make a composite photoanode. By using N719 to sensitize the composite photoanode, the conversion efficiency can reach 7.14%.
Jeong Hyeonju - - 2013
This study is based on the theory of reasoned action and self-efficacy, and it examines the mediating role of attitude, subjective norm, and self-efficacy between parasocial interaction and the intention to donate organs. Judgment sampling was used and 329 respondents were participated in the survey. Participants consisted of 102 males ...
Rhodes Lesley E - - 2013
Green tea catechins (GTC) reduce UV radiation (UVR)-induced inflammation in experimental models, but human studies are scarce and their cutaneous bioavailability and mechanism of photoprotection are unknown. We aimed to examine oral GTC cutaneous uptake, ability to protect human skin against erythema induced by a UVR dose range and impact ...
Stawarczyk B - - 2013
Abstract Objectives. The aims of this study were to test whether the bond strength of a hybrid composite and a PMMA-based veneer to CAD/CAM polymers would improve after pre-treatment and to evaluate the failure types after debonding. Materials and methods. Three types of PMMA-based (CAD-Temp, artBloc Temp and TelioCAD) CAD/CAM ...
Meng Luyan - - 2013
Two guanosine analogues have been designed and synthesized by connecting one () or three adamantane branches (). The compound containing a single adamantane branch formed G-quartets in acetonitrile solution, and was then transformed into a G-ribbon gel at concentrations higher than the critical gelation concentration. In contrast, the compound with ...
Schiehser Dawn M - - 2013
Parkinson's disease (PD) patient and caregiver reports of patient functioning are often used interchangeably in clinical and research settings; however, the consistency of these reports is largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the consistency and predictors of discrepancy between self- and caregiver reports of patient apathy, disinhibition, and executive ...
Leikam C - - 2013
The development of malignant melanoma is a highly complex process, which is still poorly understood. A majority of human melanomas are found to express a few oncogenic proteins, such as mutant RAS and BRAF variants. However, these oncogenes are also found in nevi, and it is now a well-accepted fact ...
Larkum Matthew E - - 2013
Distinct populations of layer 1 inhibitory neurons inhibit or disinhibit layer 5 pyramidal cells. A massive patch-clamp recording effort, tapping up to eight cells simultaneously, maps their influences on the cortical network.
Farzinpour Pouyan - - 2013
A substrate-based templated assembly route has been devised which offers large-area, high-throughput capabilities for the fabrication of periodic arrays of sub-micrometer and nanometer-scale structures. The approach overcomes a significant technological barrier to the widespread use of substrate-based templated assembly by eliminating the need for periodic templates having nanoscale features. Instead, ...
Hofmeyr Lou - - 2013
BACKGROUND.: Multiple muscular ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in children can be difficult to treat and a range of techniques has been advocated. These include pulmonary artery banding, interventional catheter closure, and a variety of surgical approaches. When there are apical muscular defects and associated coarse trabeculations in the right ventricle ...
Bijelic Jasmina - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To evaluate the static-load-bearing capacity of severely damaged endodontically-treated incisors restored with short fiber composite (SFC) as a direct post-core-crown complex and to investigate the effect of SFC on the failure mode of the restorations. Materials and methods. The clinical crowns of 40 maxillary incisors were prepared by ...
Melamed Nir - - 2013
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a low GCT result is predictive of low birthweight and to identify the lower GCT threshold for prediction of fetal growth restriction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 12,899 women who underwent a GCT (24 to 28 weeks). Women with a low GCT result (<10(th) ...
Ludwig A - - 2013
The White Park Cattle (WPC) is an indigenous ancient breed from the British Isles which has a long-standing history in heroic sagas and documents. The WPC has retained many primitive traits, especially in their grazing behaviour and preferences. Altogether, the aura of this breed has led to much speculation surrounding ...
Gascón Cristina - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: A reduction in the percentage of correct responses in the olfactory test indirectly indicated increased albuminuria and worse glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in diabetic patients. The olfactory function test is an indirect indicator of early microvascular complications in diabetic patients. Objectives: Diabetes mellitus is a highly prevalent disease ...
Iaccarino Idelson Paola - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of meeting health recommendations on diet and physical activity (having breakfast, eating fruit and vegetables, consumption of milk/yoghurt, performing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, limiting television watching) and to assess junk snack food consumption in adolescents from southern Italy. The association between healthy ...
Lima Adriano Fonseca - - 2013
Abstract Background. Tooth bleaching has been widely studied, mainly due to the possible undesirable effects that can be caused by this esthetic procedure. The cytotoxicity of the bleaching agents and its components to pulp cells has been demonstrated in several researches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Ruys Titia P E - - 2013
AIM.: The study aims to describe the long-term cardiological and psychological results of our first surgical cohort of arterial switch operation (ASO) patients and compare the results with our earlier series of Mustard patients. METHODS.: Twenty-four survivors of ASO operated in our center (1985-1990) were evaluated by electrocardiography, echocardiography, magnetic ...
Szentpéteri Imre - - 2013
Abstract Objective: In this study, we describe changes in gene expression pattern of VEGF-A in human placenta obtained from pregnancies with intrauterine growth restriction using placenta from normal pregnancies as control. Methods: We compared gene expression of VEGF-A in placental samples from IUGR pregnancies vs. placenta obtained from normal pregnancies. ...
Calderoni Sara - - 2013
Several studies have investigated the neuropsychological functioning of patients with anorexia nervosa restrictive type (AN-r), but results are conflicting. Here we compared the neuropsychological profile of 23 female children and adolescents with AN-r and of 46 typical controls (aged 9-16 years) using the second edition of the NEPSY (a Developmental ...
Yin Rui-Xing - - 2013
The interactions between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and high body mass index (BMI) on serum lipid profiles are limited. This study was undertaken to detect the interactions of 10 SNPs and high BMI on serum lipid traits in an isolated population. A total of 978 normal BMI (<24 kg/m(2) ) ...
Yuasa-Nakagawa Keiko - - 2013
Abstract Conclusions: The findings of this study demonstrated that the wait-and-watch strategy for neck metastasis from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of oral tongue is a reliable option and that salvage by surgical treatment is effective. However, younger patients should be closely monitored for recurrence. Adjuvant therapy may be recommended for ...
Scheublin Tanja R - - 2013
Bacteria of the genus Arthrobacter are common inhabitants of the soil environment, but can also be recovered from leaf surfaces (the phyllosphere). Using enrichment cultures on 4-chlorophenol, we succeeded in specifically isolating Arthrobacter bacteria from ground cover vegetation in an apple orchard. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, the isolates ...
Dethier Marie - - 2013
The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body and facial feedback in adults who had suffered from a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) to gain some understanding of their difficulties in the regulation of negative emotions. Twenty-four participants with TBI and 28 control participants adopted ...
Rasik Christopher M - - 2013
Described are the first examples of ketene-alkene [2 + 2] cycloadditions promoted by Lewis acids. Notable features of this method include (1) substantial rate acceleration relative to traditional thermal reactions, (2) good diastereoselectivities and yields for the formation of the cyclobutanone products, and (3) inverse diastereoselectivity compared with related thermal ...
Mirandola L - - 2013
Multiple myeloma is a deadly hematopoietic malignancy characterized by proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow and bone disease. Interactions between myeloma and bone marrow cells facilitate tumor progression and resistance to therapies. CXCR4 and its ligand SDF-1 play a primary role in this process and are associated ...
Xia Huimin - - 2013
Based on the powerful cell-penetrating ability of low molecular weight protamine (LMWP) and the over-expression of matrix metalloproteinases in the tumor sites, we here constructed an activatable low molecular weight protamine (ALMWP) and modified it onto the surface of PEG-PLA nanoparticles to develop a 'smart' drug delivery system with enhanced ...
Li Li - - 2013
A novel hierarchical star-like Co(3)O(4) was successfully synthesized from self-assembled hierarchical Co(OH)F precursors via a facile hydrothermal method and subsequent annealing in air. The morphological evolution process of the Co(OH)F precursors was investigated by examining the different reaction times during synthesis. First, hexagonal plates are formed, and then nanodiscs grow ...
Krüger Tormod B - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To assess reported cases of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BONJ) to Medicines Agencies (MAs) in four Nordic countries and to compare the Norwegian MA data with BONJ cases retrieved through an e-mail survey to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (OMS) in Norway. Material and methods. BONJ cases reported ...
Kawada T - - 2013
I read with interest the paper by Badawi et al. on the association between self-rated health and depression of patients with diabetes [1], which was followed up by the 3-year incidence of depression by the same authors [2]. In their cross-sectional study [1], Badawi et al. described a significant relationship between depression ...
Huang Junwei - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Salvage transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) may be a curative organ-preserving treatment for early recurrent glottic carcinoma after primary laser resection. However, failure after TLM seems to be associated with decrease of survival and larynx preservation rates. Objective: To evaluate the oncological results of salvage TLM for early recurrent ...
Kauppinen Ari - - 2013
During the past decade, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has been applied for in-line moisture content quantification during a freeze-drying process. However, NIR has been used as a single-vial technique and thus is not representative of the entire batch. This has been considered as one of the main barriers for NIR spectroscopy ...
Vázquez-Román Victoria - - 2013
The ultimobranchial follicles (UBFs) are considered embryonic remnants from the ultimobranchial body (UBB). They are follicular structures that vary in size and appearance depending on the age of the rat. The main objective of this article was to study the progressive changes in shape, size, and frequency of the UBFs ...
Sonaa Elango - - 2013
Behavioral difference of cancer cells and normal cells to anticancer drugs is diverse. Debilitating side effects observed with certain chemotherapeutic and prophylactic anticancer drugs have lead to identification of natural agents that may offer protective role against the damage induced in normal cells. The present study aimed to determine the ...
Spielmann P M - - 2013
Background: Lesions arising in the external auditory canal that require surgical excision are uncommon. They are associated with a range of pathologies, including bony abnormalities, infections, benign and malignant neoplasms, and epithelial disorders. Methods: This paper describes a 10-year personal case series of external auditory canal lesions with chart, imaging ...
Bazarbachi A - - 2013
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) activity significantly increased in the Eastern Mediterranean area over the past decade. However, comparative outcomes with longer established centers, especially European Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) centers, have not been reported. We compared outcomes of matched-sibling allogeneic HCT between East Mediterranean Blood and Marrow Transplantation ...
Rygiel Tomasz P - - 2013
Background: Allograft rejection continues to be the biggest hurdle in successful organ transplantation. This application (WO2012106634A1) claims the use of blocking CD200 antibody to achieve long-term survival of allografts. CD200 is the ligand for the inhibitory CD200 receptor (CD200R). Methods: In mouse allograft transplantation models, a blocking CD200 antibody was ...
Padilla Fernando - - 2013
We describe the discovery of several pyrrolopyrazines as potent and selective Syk inhibitors, and the efforts that eventually led to the desired improvements in physicochemical properties and human whole blood potencies. Ultimately, our mouse model revealed unexpected toxicity that precluded us from further advancing this series.
Lee J-H - - 2013
Objective: To demonstrate a safe and effective method for complete resection of squamous papilloma in the nasopharyngeal surface of the soft palate. This technique was used on a patient in whom the papilloma had twice recurred following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Methods: Case report and review of the relevant literature. Results: The patient ...
Soares Daniela Novaes - - 2013
Abstract Objective. This study aimed to assess the in vitro effects of paediatric liquid medicines on deciduous enamel exposed to biofilms. Methods. Fragments (n = 25) of first primary molars were covered by nail varnish, leaving a 22 mm(2) exposure area. Specimens were fixed in polystyrene plates containing BHI broth ...
Meyer-Bäumer Amelie - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To compare the increase of DMF-T and DMF-S in patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) and chronic periodontitis (ChP) after active periodontal therapy. Materials and methods. One hundred and thirty-six periodontally treated patients were re-examined after 10 years. Dental and periodontal status was assessed and patients' charts were screened ...
Cai Bin - - 2013
Zero bandgap and water soluble sulfonated graphene (SGE) has been introduced into an n-type semiconductor photocatalytic system to fabricate a Ag@AgBr/SGE composite photocatalyst. Due to its unique conduction and valence band dispersion and low Fermi level, SGE serves as an electron reservoir within the photocatalyst which enhances the charge carrier ...
Liu Dequan - - 2013
Three-dimensional (3D) nanoporous architectures can provide efficient and rapid pathways for Li-ion and electron transport as well as short solid-state diffusion lengths in lithium ion batteries (LIBs). In this work, 3D nanoporous copper-supported cuprous oxide was successfully fabricated by low-cost selective etching of an electron-beam melted Cu(50)Al(50) alloy and subsequent ...
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