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Duan Qi - - 2013
An MRI method based on the Bloch-Siegert (BS) shift phenomenon was recently proposed as a fast and precise way to map a radio frequency (RF) transmit field (B(1) (+) field). For MRI at high field, the mapping sensitivity of this approach was limited by tissue heating associated with a BS ...
Levine Ross L - - 2013
Abstract Although dose-intensive chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation offers the possibility of cure to adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), outcomes remain unsatisfactory for the majority of adults with this malignancy [1]. Indeed, more than 60% of adults with AML die from relapsed disease, such that the primary challenge in ...
Derdikman-Eiron Ruth - - 2013
The aim of this paper was to investigate whether psychosocial functioning in adulthood (e.g., friends support, cohabitation, community connectedness and work satisfaction) could be predicted by mental health, subjective well-being, social relations and behavior problems in adolescence, and whether gender was a moderator in these associations. Data were obtained from ...
Ostojic Sergej M - - 2013
Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) is the natural biosynthetic precursor of creatine, in a metabolic reaction that requires only a methyl group transfer. The use of GAA as a food additive for restoring creatine load in human tissues is rather unexplored and data on efficacy and safety are limited. In particular, an ...
Tanaka Koyu - - 2013
We report a case of a 40-year-old male who had a left ventricular thrombus with impaired cardiac function. The thrombus was completely removed using a video-assisted thoracoscopy via a right mini-thoracotomy. This approach is less invasive, avoiding sternotomy and ventriculotomy which can cause postoperative complications.
Khadim Muhammad Faheem - - 2013
Abstract Complex compound and comminuted phalangeal fractures are often surrounded by soft tissue injuries. Stabilising such fractures is not easy but is essential before early mobilisation to prevent stiffness and regaining hand function. Several designs of external fixators have been advocated but could not simultaneously offer simplicity, affordability, stability, and ...
Huang He - - 2013
Using two-dimensional (2D) correlation analysis technique to determine the sequential order of physical or chemical events has received keen interests in the past ten years. However, our continuous work demonstrates that the sequential order of events determined by the "sequential order" rules of this technique may lead to ambiguous or ...
Di Pietro Cinzia - - 2013
PROBLEM: Chronic endometritis (CE) is a poorly investigated and probably underestimated pathology, which may cause abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), pain, and reproductive failures. Due to undefined symptoms and the normal presence of leukocytes in the endometrial mucosa, diagnosis may be missed. Fluid hysteroscopy is a reliable technique for diagnosing this ...
Soong Yean Yean - - 2013
In Asia, rice and rice products are the main sources of carbohydrate contributing to both dietary energy and glycaemic load. It is known that complexation of starch with lipids could potentially reduce the availability of starch to enzymatic degradation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ...
Zhao Man-Li - - 2013
In the present study, zero-trans alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA)-enriched plastic fats were synthesized through enzymatic interesterification reactions from highly hydrogenated soybean oil (HSO), Cinnamomum camphora seed oil (CCSO) and perilla oil (PO). The reactions were performed by incubating the blending mixtures of HSO, CCSO and PO ...
Lin Che-An - - 2013
Simultaneous mycotic aortic aneurysms are a rare but life-threatening complication. We describe the technique of one stage hybrid open debranching and endovascular repair using three thoracic stent-graft devices deployed to cover the whole aorta to exclude multiple mycotic aneurysms.
Jeremias Fabiano - - 2013
Abstract Objective. This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence and severity of the enamel defects, known as Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) and its relationship to dental caries. Materials and methods. A sample of 1157 schoolchildren (population based), aged 6-12 years, of the Araraquara city-Brazil, was evaluated according to the European Academy of ...
Carmona-Calero E M - - 2013
The p73 proteins are present in different kinds of cells of the central nervous system, such as the choroid plexus, circumventricular structures and neuroepithelium. It has been reported that spontaneously hypertensive rats show ventricular dilation, changes in cerebrospinal fluid proteins and variations in the circumventricular structures such as the organum ...
Kobuchi Shinji - - 2013
Abstract We studied the effects of oxidative stress (OS) on the pharmacokinetics of atazanavir (ATV), particularly the distribution of ATV in the plasma and its metabolism in hepatic microsomes, using a rat model of ferric-nitrilotriacetate-induced OS (OS rats). The areas under the plasma concentration-time curves for intravenous bolus, oral, and ...
Zheng Yun-Feng - - 2013
A green and efficient method for large-scale preparation of glycyrrhizic acid from licorice roots was developed by combination of polyamide and macroporous resin. The entire preparation procedure consisted of two simple separation steps. The first step is to use polyamide resin to remove licorice flavoniods from the licorice crude extract. ...
Hamady Z Z R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity and tissue adiposity constitute a risk factor for several cancers. Whether tissue adiposity increases the risk of cancer recurrence after curative resection is not clear. The present study analysed the influence of hepatic steatosis on recurrence following resection of colorectal liver metastases. METHODS: A prospective cohort of patients ...
Coates Nelson E - - 2013
The electrical behavior of a conducting-polymer/inorganic-nanowire composite is explained with a model in which carrier transport occurs predominantly through a highly conductive volume of polymer that exists at the polymer-nanowire interface. This result highlights the importance of controlling nanoscale interfaces for thermoelectric materials, and provides a general route for improving ...
Furusaka Tohru - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: P-glycoprotein is abundantly expressed in certain parotid mucoepidermoid carcinoma tissues, known historically to be multidrug resistant. This discovery may be important in incrementally advancing our ability to develop alternative pharmacologic strategies to improve multi-modality tumor control. Objective: P-glycoprotein plays a functional role in promoting the efflux of drug ...
Charron Danielle Marie - - 2013
Terahertz (THz) spectroscopic imaging is a promising technique for distinguishing pharmaceuticals of similar molecular composition but differing crystal structures. Physicochemical properties, for instance bioavailability, are manipulated by altering a drug's crystal structure through methods such as cocrystallisation. Cocrystals are molecular complexes having crystal structures different from those of their pure ...
Bourdiec Amélie - - 2013
PROBLEM: Successful embryonic implantation requires an appropriate communication network between the embryo and its near environment within the implantation site. Herein, we examined whether human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), the major embryonic signal, targets endothelial cells and regulate their responsiveness to interleukin 1 (IL1), one of the earliest signals released by ...
Spasyuk Denis - - 2013
Catalyst tune-up: A readily available, air-stable amino-sulfide catalyst, [RuCl(2) (PPh(3) ){HN(C(2) H(4) SEt)(2) }], has been developed. This complex displays outstanding efficiency for the hydrogenation of a broad range of substrates with CX bonds (esters, ketones, imines), as well as for the acceptorless dehydrogenative coupling of ethanol to ethyl acetate.
Ueda Manabu - - 2013
It is well known that propolis has the ability to prevent hyperglycemia. However, the underlying mechanism is not yet fully understood. We therefore investigated whether a Brazilian propolis ethanol extract affects glucose uptake and translocation of insulin-sensitive glucose transporter (GLUT) 4 in skeletal muscle cells. In L6 myotubes, the extract ...
Billingsley-Marshall Rebecca L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We examined the influence of depression and anxiety on executive function in individuals with a DSM-IV diagnosis of anorexia nervosa-restricting type, anorexia nervosa-binge-eating/purging type, bulimia nervosa, or eating disorder not otherwise specified. METHOD: We assessed 106 women after their inpatient treatment in an eating disorders program. All participants were ...
Loader Benjamin - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Tenotomy is a promising surgical alternative with a high reduction in dizziness handicap in the short and long term. Objectives: To investigate the immediate and the long-term effect of tenotomy of the stapedius and tensor tympani muscles on subjective dizziness as measured by the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI). ...
Fanali Gabriella - - 2013
Given the ability of human serum albumin (HSA) to bind hydrophobic ligands, the binding mode of α-tocopherol, the most representative member of the vitamin E family, is reported. α-Tocopherol binds to HSA with K $_{\rm d}^0$ = (7.0 ± 3.0) × 10(-6) M (pH 7.2, 25.0°C). Competitive and allosteric modulation ...
Schacter Daniel L - - 2013
A recent decision in the United States by the New Jersey Supreme Court has led to improved jury instructions that incorporate psychological research showing that memory does not operate like a video recording. Here we consider how cognitive neuroscience could contribute to addressing memory in the courtroom. We discuss conditions ...
Genders Amanda J - - 2013
We examined insulin's uptake and transendothelial transport (TET) by cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) in order to: a) ascertain whether insulin accumulates within the cells to concentrations greater than in the media; b) compare the TET of insulin to that of inulin (using the latter as a tracer for ...
Sonntag Diana - - 2013
The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative recommends targeting resources to research institutions in developing countries in order to accelerate the development of an effective HIV vaccine. In contrast, this paper shows that neither lump-sum nor in-kind transfers are an effective policy. We analyze several financing mechanisms as a means to overcome ...
Grosset K A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In this first study of inhaled apomorphine (VR040) in patients with Parkinson's disease, the primary objective was to find the minimum efficacious dose of apomorphine that was useful in rescuing patients during 'off' periods. Safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of inhaled apomorphine were assessed during the study. METHODS: ...
de Oliveira Mota Mânlio Tasso - - 2013
Two cases of patients with high-risk human papillomavirus-related squamous cell carcinomas of the penis are reported. In both patients, a second high-risk human papillomavirus-related squamous cell carcinoma, of the same type (genotype 16), was detected: a carcinoma of the oropharynx 2 years after treatment of the squamous cell carcinomas of ...
Wu Dahai - - 2013
Abstract Conclusions: The lingua/pharynx (L/P) ratio has high sensitivity and specificity in predicting the severity of retroglossal obstruction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of the L/P ratio in predicting the severity of retroglossal obstruction in patients with OSAHS. Methods: Airway ...
Chen Liang-Yih - - 2013
In this study, ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) were conformally covered on the surfaces of ZnO nanowires (ZnO NWs) with high diffusion coefficient (1.2 × 10(-2) cm(2) s(-1)) to make a composite photoanode. By using N719 to sensitize the composite photoanode, the conversion efficiency can reach 7.14%.
Jeong Hyeonju - - 2013
This study is based on the theory of reasoned action and self-efficacy, and it examines the mediating role of attitude, subjective norm, and self-efficacy between parasocial interaction and the intention to donate organs. Judgment sampling was used and 329 respondents were participated in the survey. Participants consisted of 102 males ...
Rhodes Lesley E - - 2013
Green tea catechins (GTC) reduce UV radiation (UVR)-induced inflammation in experimental models, but human studies are scarce and their cutaneous bioavailability and mechanism of photoprotection are unknown. We aimed to examine oral GTC cutaneous uptake, ability to protect human skin against erythema induced by a UVR dose range and impact ...
Stawarczyk B - - 2013
Abstract Objectives. The aims of this study were to test whether the bond strength of a hybrid composite and a PMMA-based veneer to CAD/CAM polymers would improve after pre-treatment and to evaluate the failure types after debonding. Materials and methods. Three types of PMMA-based (CAD-Temp, artBloc Temp and TelioCAD) CAD/CAM ...
Meng Luyan - - 2013
Two guanosine analogues have been designed and synthesized by connecting one () or three adamantane branches (). The compound containing a single adamantane branch formed G-quartets in acetonitrile solution, and was then transformed into a G-ribbon gel at concentrations higher than the critical gelation concentration. In contrast, the compound with ...
Schiehser Dawn M - - 2013
Parkinson's disease (PD) patient and caregiver reports of patient functioning are often used interchangeably in clinical and research settings; however, the consistency of these reports is largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the consistency and predictors of discrepancy between self- and caregiver reports of patient apathy, disinhibition, and executive ...
Leikam C - - 2013
The development of malignant melanoma is a highly complex process, which is still poorly understood. A majority of human melanomas are found to express a few oncogenic proteins, such as mutant RAS and BRAF variants. However, these oncogenes are also found in nevi, and it is now a well-accepted fact ...
Larkum Matthew E - - 2013
Distinct populations of layer 1 inhibitory neurons inhibit or disinhibit layer 5 pyramidal cells. A massive patch-clamp recording effort, tapping up to eight cells simultaneously, maps their influences on the cortical network.
Farzinpour Pouyan - - 2013
A substrate-based templated assembly route has been devised which offers large-area, high-throughput capabilities for the fabrication of periodic arrays of sub-micrometer and nanometer-scale structures. The approach overcomes a significant technological barrier to the widespread use of substrate-based templated assembly by eliminating the need for periodic templates having nanoscale features. Instead, ...
Hofmeyr Lou - - 2013
BACKGROUND.: Multiple muscular ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in children can be difficult to treat and a range of techniques has been advocated. These include pulmonary artery banding, interventional catheter closure, and a variety of surgical approaches. When there are apical muscular defects and associated coarse trabeculations in the right ventricle ...
Bijelic Jasmina - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To evaluate the static-load-bearing capacity of severely damaged endodontically-treated incisors restored with short fiber composite (SFC) as a direct post-core-crown complex and to investigate the effect of SFC on the failure mode of the restorations. Materials and methods. The clinical crowns of 40 maxillary incisors were prepared by ...
Melamed Nir - - 2013
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a low GCT result is predictive of low birthweight and to identify the lower GCT threshold for prediction of fetal growth restriction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 12,899 women who underwent a GCT (24 to 28 weeks). Women with a low GCT result (<10(th) ...
Ludwig A - - 2013
The White Park Cattle (WPC) is an indigenous ancient breed from the British Isles which has a long-standing history in heroic sagas and documents. The WPC has retained many primitive traits, especially in their grazing behaviour and preferences. Altogether, the aura of this breed has led to much speculation surrounding ...
Gascón Cristina - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: A reduction in the percentage of correct responses in the olfactory test indirectly indicated increased albuminuria and worse glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in diabetic patients. The olfactory function test is an indirect indicator of early microvascular complications in diabetic patients. Objectives: Diabetes mellitus is a highly prevalent disease ...
Iaccarino Idelson Paola - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of meeting health recommendations on diet and physical activity (having breakfast, eating fruit and vegetables, consumption of milk/yoghurt, performing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, limiting television watching) and to assess junk snack food consumption in adolescents from southern Italy. The association between healthy ...
Lima Adriano Fonseca - - 2013
Abstract Background. Tooth bleaching has been widely studied, mainly due to the possible undesirable effects that can be caused by this esthetic procedure. The cytotoxicity of the bleaching agents and its components to pulp cells has been demonstrated in several researches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Ruys Titia P E - - 2013
AIM.: The study aims to describe the long-term cardiological and psychological results of our first surgical cohort of arterial switch operation (ASO) patients and compare the results with our earlier series of Mustard patients. METHODS.: Twenty-four survivors of ASO operated in our center (1985-1990) were evaluated by electrocardiography, echocardiography, magnetic ...
Szentpéteri Imre - - 2013
Abstract Objective: In this study, we describe changes in gene expression pattern of VEGF-A in human placenta obtained from pregnancies with intrauterine growth restriction using placenta from normal pregnancies as control. Methods: We compared gene expression of VEGF-A in placental samples from IUGR pregnancies vs. placenta obtained from normal pregnancies. ...
Calderoni Sara - - 2013
Several studies have investigated the neuropsychological functioning of patients with anorexia nervosa restrictive type (AN-r), but results are conflicting. Here we compared the neuropsychological profile of 23 female children and adolescents with AN-r and of 46 typical controls (aged 9-16 years) using the second edition of the NEPSY (a Developmental ...
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