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Carneiro-Sampaio Magda - - 2013
Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) represent a large group of diseases that affect all age groups. Although PIDs have been recognized as rare diseases, there is epidemiological evidence suggesting that their real prevalence has been underestimated. We performed an evaluation of a series of 1,008 infants, children, adolescents and adults with well-defined ...
Prosek Jason - - 2013
Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) with associated volume overload is the most common cause of hospitalization in heart failure patients. When accompanied by worsening renal function, it is described as a cardiorenal syndrome and is a therapeutic challenge. Initial treatment commonly encompasses intravenous diuretics however, suboptimal results and high rehospitalization ...
Young Heather M - - 2013
Assisted living (AL) provides lower cost, less institutional environments than skilled nursing facilities, yet less professional oversight, despite the high prevalence of chronic conditions among residents. Unlicensed staff administer large quantities of medications daily, and medication management is one of the three top quality issues in AL, with error rates ...
Oueriaghli Nahid - - 2013
We have studied the distribution of the archaeal communities in Rambla Salada (Murcia, Spain) over three different seasons and observed the influence upon them of the environmental variables, salinity, pH, oxygen and temperature. Samples were collected from three representative sites in order to gain an insight into the archaeal population ...
de Cógáin Mitra R - - 2013
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the gold standard for the treatment of large renal calculi. Recently, modifications to the standard PCNL with nephrostomy tube placement have evolved, most notably the introduction of tubeless PCNL. Tubeless PCNL appears to decrease postoperative discomfort and shorten hospital stays, without increasing complication rates in the ...
Mandal Soumit S - - 2013
The configuration of hemoglobin in solution and confined inside silica nanotubes has been studied using synchrotron small angle X-ray scattering and electrochemical activity. Confinement inside submicron tubes of silica aid in preventing protein aggregation, which is vividly observed for unconfined protein in solution. The radius of gyration (R (g)) and ...
Qian Li-Xiong LX Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi'an, Shanxi, People's Republic of - - 2013
To quantify the dimensions of the atlas pedicles and to analyze the relationship between extra medullary height (EMH) with intra medullary height (IMH) of the atlas pedicle. The images of the patients who had CT scanning and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction involving atlantoaxial complex between June 2011 and April 2012 and ...
Li Meng - - 2013
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) and denitrification are two important processes responsible for nitrogen loss; monitoring of microbial communities carrying out these two processes offers a unique opportunity to understand the microbial nitrogen cycle. The aim of the current study was to characterize community structures and distribution of anammox and nirS-encoding ...
Dal Ben Ester Rosári Raphaelli - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cell dysfunction has been documented in various autoimmune disorders, but not in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) so far. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we aim to investigate CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg cells, CD3(+)CD19(-) T cells and CD3(-)CD19(+) B cells in patients with primary APS and healthy controls. Cell ...
Kalita J - - 2013
Chikungunya virus was initially thought to be a non-neurotropic virus, but recently neurological complications have been reported in patients with chikungunya virus infection. Here, we report a rare case of stimulus-sensitive myoclonus following chikungunya meningoencephalitis. The cranial MRI scan of the patient was normal, the cerebrospinal fluid contained 200 lymphocytes/mm(3), ...
Umezaki Yojiro - - 2013
Oral cenesthopathy is a somatic delusion or hallucination involving the oral area and is categorized as a delusional disorder, somatic type. The pathophysiology of this intractable condition remains obscure. In this study, we clarified the pathophysiology of oral cenesthopathy by evaluating regional brain perfusion. We performed single photon emission computed ...
Kitchen A D - - 2013
A comprehensive and effective screening programme is essential to support the banking of tissues from deceased donors. However, the overall quality of the samples obtained from deceased donors, quantity and condition, is often not ideal, and this may lead to problems in achieving accurate and reliable results. Additionally a significant ...
Itabashi Mitsuyo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The Vasculitis Damage Index (VDI) is used to define the degree of damage occurring in patients with systemic vasculitis. We conducted a retrospective study of 30 patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and renal-limited vasculitis (RLV). METHODS: The clinical data and VDI of the 30 patients enrolled in the study ...
Parsons Ryan G RG Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2013
Post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder and phobia manifest in ways that are consistent with an uncontrollable state of fear. Their development involves heredity, previous sensitizing experiences, association of aversive events with previous neutral stimuli, and inability to inhibit or extinguish fear after it is chronic and disabling. We highlight recent ...
Chiaravalloti Nancy D - - 2013
The most common cognitive impairments in multiple sclerosis (MS) have been documented in specific domains, including new learning and memory, working memory, and information processing speed. However, little attempt has been made to increase our understanding of their relationship to one another. While recent studies have shown that processing speed ...
Li Hong H Joint Research Center of West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University and Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine of University of Hong Kong, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China. - - 2013
γδ-T cells play an indispensable role in host defense against different viruses, including influenza A virus. However, whether these cells have cytotoxic activity against influenza virus-infected lung alveolar epithelial cells and subsequently contribute to virus clearance remains unknown. Using influenza virus-infected A549 cells, human lung alveolar epithelial cells, we investigated ...
Kobuchi Shinji - - 2013
Abstract We studied the effects of oxidative stress (OS) on the pharmacokinetics of atazanavir (ATV), particularly the distribution of ATV in the plasma and its metabolism in hepatic microsomes, using a rat model of ferric-nitrilotriacetate-induced OS (OS rats). The areas under the plasma concentration-time curves for intravenous bolus, oral, and ...
Zheng Yun-Feng - - 2013
A green and efficient method for large-scale preparation of glycyrrhizic acid from licorice roots was developed by combination of polyamide and macroporous resin. The entire preparation procedure consisted of two simple separation steps. The first step is to use polyamide resin to remove licorice flavoniods from the licorice crude extract. ...
Hamady Z Z R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity and tissue adiposity constitute a risk factor for several cancers. Whether tissue adiposity increases the risk of cancer recurrence after curative resection is not clear. The present study analysed the influence of hepatic steatosis on recurrence following resection of colorectal liver metastases. METHODS: A prospective cohort of patients ...
Howarth Robyn A RA Department of Neuropsychology, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, - - 2013
Childhood brain tumor survivors are at increased risk for neurocognitive impairments, including working memory (WM) problems. WM is typically assessed using performance measures. Little is known about the value of parent ratings for identifying WM difficulties, the relationship between rater and performance measures, or predictors of parent-reported WM problems in ...
Coates Nelson E - - 2013
The electrical behavior of a conducting-polymer/inorganic-nanowire composite is explained with a model in which carrier transport occurs predominantly through a highly conductive volume of polymer that exists at the polymer-nanowire interface. This result highlights the importance of controlling nanoscale interfaces for thermoelectric materials, and provides a general route for improving ...
Furusaka Tohru T Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: P-glycoprotein is abundantly expressed in certain parotid mucoepidermoid carcinoma tissues, known historically to be multidrug resistant. This discovery may be important in incrementally advancing our ability to develop alternative pharmacologic strategies to improve multi-modality tumor control. P-glycoprotein plays a functional role in promoting the efflux of drug metabolites ...
Hernandez-Garcia Luis L FMRI Laboratory, 2360 Bonisteel Blvd., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2108, - - 2013
While magnetic resonance imaging of static magnetic fields generated by external probes has been previously demonstrated, there is an unmet need to image time-varying magnetic fields such as those generated by transcranial magnetic stimulators and radiofrequency hyperthermia probes. A method to image such time-varying magnetic fields is introduced in this ...
Chavez Anthony H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence rate of prostate cancer among men with erectile dysfunction (ED) treated with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) over a 7-year period vs. men with ED of the same age and with similar risk factors who were not treated with PDE-5i. ...
Thomsson Mats - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To evaluate, in a case series, survival rate and complications of Brånemark Integration BioHelix(™) dental implants, placed according to conventional procedures in patients treated consecutively in a Swedish specialist private practice after 5 years. Materials and methods. Eighty-three consecutively-treated patients received 89 final fixed prostheses supported by 310 ...
Suzuki Shigeru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: As the presence of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) affects the accuracy of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) analysis methods, HbA1c measurement may not be a good indicator for patients with neonatal diabetes mellitus, whereas glycated albumin (GA) may be a good indicator. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether total glycated hemoglobin (GHb) or HbF-adjusted ...
Li Xiaohua - - 2013
Chromium oxide (Cr(2)O(3)) nanoparticles were found to greatly enhance the chemiluminescence (CL) of the luminol-hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) system. A novel microarray CL method was originally developed for the detection of triacetone triperoxide (TATP). The novel CL method was based on the outstanding catalytic effect of a Cr(2)O(3) nanoparticle array on ...
Zambernardi Agustina - - 2013
Exfoliative rejection is a severe complication after intestinal transplant. The assessment of mucosa histology is restricted to the area reached by endoscopy. We aim to evaluate the serum albumin (SA) value as a parameter of graft damage and clinical prognosis in intestinal exfoliative rejection (ExR). The present study is a ...
Iaccarino Idelson Paola - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of meeting health recommendations on diet and physical activity (having breakfast, eating fruit and vegetables, consumption of milk/yoghurt, performing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, limiting television watching) and to assess junk snack food consumption in adolescents from southern Italy. The association between healthy ...
Lima Adriano Fonseca - - 2013
Abstract Background. Tooth bleaching has been widely studied, mainly due to the possible undesirable effects that can be caused by this esthetic procedure. The cytotoxicity of the bleaching agents and its components to pulp cells has been demonstrated in several researches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Ruys Titia P E - - 2013
AIM.: The study aims to describe the long-term cardiological and psychological results of our first surgical cohort of arterial switch operation (ASO) patients and compare the results with our earlier series of Mustard patients. METHODS.: Twenty-four survivors of ASO operated in our center (1985-1990) were evaluated by electrocardiography, echocardiography, magnetic ...
Szentpéteri Imre - - 2013
Abstract Objective: In this study, we describe changes in gene expression pattern of VEGF-A in human placenta obtained from pregnancies with intrauterine growth restriction using placenta from normal pregnancies as control. Methods: We compared gene expression of VEGF-A in placental samples from IUGR pregnancies vs. placenta obtained from normal pregnancies. ...
Cai Bin - - 2013
Zero bandgap and water soluble sulfonated graphene (SGE) has been introduced into an n-type semiconductor photocatalytic system to fabricate a Ag@AgBr/SGE composite photocatalyst. Due to its unique conduction and valence band dispersion and low Fermi level, SGE serves as an electron reservoir within the photocatalyst which enhances the charge carrier ...
Liu Dequan - - 2013
Three-dimensional (3D) nanoporous architectures can provide efficient and rapid pathways for Li-ion and electron transport as well as short solid-state diffusion lengths in lithium ion batteries (LIBs). In this work, 3D nanoporous copper-supported cuprous oxide was successfully fabricated by low-cost selective etching of an electron-beam melted Cu(50)Al(50) alloy and subsequent ...
Gutierrez Emilio - - 2013
Activity-based anorexia (ABA) is an analogous animal model of anorexia nervosa where food-restricted rats develop excessive running activity when given free access to a running wheel; their body weight sharply decreases, and finally self-starvation and death ensue unless animals are removed from the experimental conditions. The parallel of this animal ...
Huang Song-Bin - - 2013
Although microfluidic cell culture systems are versatile tools for cellular assays, their use has yet to set in motion an evolutionary shift away from conventional cell culture methods. This situation is mainly due to technical hurdles: the operational barriers to the end-users, the lack of compatible detection schemes capable of ...
Duan Qi Q Advanced MRI Section, Laboratory of Functional and Molecular Imaging, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. - - 2013
An MRI method based on the Bloch-Siegert (BS) shift phenomenon was recently proposed as a fast and precise way to map a radio frequency (RF) transmit field (B1(+) field). For MRI at high field, the mapping sensitivity of this approach was limited by tissue heating associated with a BS irradiation ...
Levine Ross L - - 2013
Abstract Although dose-intensive chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation offers the possibility of cure to adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), outcomes remain unsatisfactory for the majority of adults with this malignancy [1]. Indeed, more than 60% of adults with AML die from relapsed disease, such that the primary challenge in ...
Derdikman-Eiron Ruth - - 2013
The aim of this paper was to investigate whether psychosocial functioning in adulthood (e.g., friends support, cohabitation, community connectedness and work satisfaction) could be predicted by mental health, subjective well-being, social relations and behavior problems in adolescence, and whether gender was a moderator in these associations. Data were obtained from ...
Ostojic Sergej M - - 2013
Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) is the natural biosynthetic precursor of creatine, in a metabolic reaction that requires only a methyl group transfer. The use of GAA as a food additive for restoring creatine load in human tissues is rather unexplored and data on efficacy and safety are limited. In particular, an ...
Tanaka Koyu - - 2013
We report a case of a 40-year-old male who had a left ventricular thrombus with impaired cardiac function. The thrombus was completely removed using a video-assisted thoracoscopy via a right mini-thoracotomy. This approach is less invasive, avoiding sternotomy and ventriculotomy which can cause postoperative complications.
Khadim Muhammad Faheem - - 2013
Abstract Complex compound and comminuted phalangeal fractures are often surrounded by soft tissue injuries. Stabilising such fractures is not easy but is essential before early mobilisation to prevent stiffness and regaining hand function. Several designs of external fixators have been advocated but could not simultaneously offer simplicity, affordability, stability, and ...
Cho Deok-Yong - - 2013
Electrochemical metallization cells are candidates for the next-generation non-volatile memory devices based on resistive switching. Despite the intensive studies in recent years a microscopic model of the processes in these nanoscale electrochemical systems is still missing and the physicochemical properties of the active metal ions have been rarely reported. We ...
Dean Peter N - - 2013
We report a case of successful cryoablation of a concealed accessory pathway from the right atrial appendage to the right ventricle in an infant. A 4-month-old female who had previously undergone successful ablation of a left-sided accessory pathway was taken to the electrophysiology lab due to recurrent supraventricular tachycardia. While ...
Arafah Karim - - 2013
The medicinal leech is notable for its capacity to regenerate its central nervous system (CNS) following mechanical trauma. Using an electrochemical nitric oxide (NO)-selective electrode to measure NO levels, we found that the time course of NO release in the injured leech CNS is partially under the control of endocannabinoids, ...
Huang He - - 2013
Using two-dimensional (2D) correlation analysis technique to determine the sequential order of physical or chemical events has received keen interests in the past ten years. However, our continuous work demonstrates that the sequential order of events determined by the "sequential order" rules of this technique may lead to ambiguous or ...
Di Pietro Cinzia - - 2013
PROBLEM: Chronic endometritis (CE) is a poorly investigated and probably underestimated pathology, which may cause abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), pain, and reproductive failures. Due to undefined symptoms and the normal presence of leukocytes in the endometrial mucosa, diagnosis may be missed. Fluid hysteroscopy is a reliable technique for diagnosing this ...
Soong Yean Yean - - 2013
In Asia, rice and rice products are the main sources of carbohydrate contributing to both dietary energy and glycaemic load. It is known that complexation of starch with lipids could potentially reduce the availability of starch to enzymatic degradation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ...
Zhao Ruogang R Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, - - 2013
A novel bio-magnetomechanical microtissue system is described for magnetic actuation of arrays of 3D microtissues using microcantilevers. This system enables both in situ measurements of fundamental mechanical properties of engineered tissue, such as contractility and stiffness, as well as dynamic stimulation of the microtissues. Using this system, cell and extracellular ...
Zhao Man-Li - - 2013
In the present study, zero-trans alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA)-enriched plastic fats were synthesized through enzymatic interesterification reactions from highly hydrogenated soybean oil (HSO), Cinnamomum camphora seed oil (CCSO) and perilla oil (PO). The reactions were performed by incubating the blending mixtures of HSO, CCSO and PO ...
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