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Ye Xingwang X Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institute for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, - - 2013
Adherence to a Mediterranean diet has recently been shown to protect against cognitive decline and dementia. It remains unclear, however, whether such protection extends to different ethnic groups and middle-aged individuals and how it might compare with adherence to the US Department of Agriculture's 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (measured ...
Raatz Susan K SK US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, ND 58203, - - 2013
Enhanced n-3 fatty acid intake benefits cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction. Increasing consumption at a population level may be better addressed by diet than through supplementation. However, limited data are available on the effect of the dose response to fish intake on plasma levels of n-3 fatty acids. To compare ...
Patton Susana R SR Department of Pediatrics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2013
Diet is an important component of diabetes treatment and integral to successful management. While intensive insulin therapy can allow patients to eat more freely, it is not known how the rapid uptake of intensive therapy in young children with type 1 diabetes has impacted their diet and if diet and ...
Zhang Jeff L JL Department of Radiology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, USA. - - 2013
Renal function is characterized by different physiologic aspects, including perfusion, glomerular filtration, interstitial diffusion, and tissue oxygenation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shows great promise in assessing these renal tissue characteristics noninvasively. The last decade has witnessed a dramatic progress in MRI techniques for renal function assessment. This article briefly describes ...
Sorrell April D AD Division of Clinical Cancer Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, City of Hope, Duarte, CA, USA. - - 2013
Prevalent as an acquired abnormality in cancer, the role of tumor protein p53 (TP53) as a germline mutation continues to evolve. The clinical impact of a germline TP53 mutation is often dramatic and affects the full life course, with a propensity to develop rare tumors in childhood and multiple common ...
Mugler John P JP 3rd Center for In-vivo Hyperpolarized Gas MR Imaging, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA. - - 2013
By permitting direct visualization of the airspaces of the lung, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using hyperpolarized gases provides unique strategies for evaluating pulmonary structure and function. Although the vast majority of research in humans has been performed using hyperpolarized (3)He, recent contraction in the supply of (3)He and consequent increases ...
Rosenberger Laura H LH Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA. - - 2013
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common hospital-acquired infection in the intensive care unit, with substantial subsequent mortality. The mortality following VAP declined in the 1980s and 1990s. Experts suggest that little progress has been made in the outcomes from VAP since several novel interventions have failed. We nonetheless hypothesized ...
Anderson Todd J TJ Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. - - 2013
Many developments have occurred since the publication of the widely-used 2009 Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) Dyslipidemia guidelines. Here, we present an updated version of the guidelines, incorporating new recommendations based on recent findings and harmonizing CCS guidelines with those from other Societies. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation ...
Thomas Rebecca R Centre for Academic Primary Care, School of Social & Community Medicine, Bristol University, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol, - - 2013
Unplanned admissions for heart failure are common and some are considered preventable. Undertake a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of specialist clinics in reducing unplanned hospital admissions in people with heart failure. 18 databases were searched from inception to June 2010. Relevant websites and reference lists ...
Zheng Gang G Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Cathepsin K is consistently and diffusely expressed in alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) and a subset of translocation renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). However, cathepsin K expression in human neoplasms has not been systematically analyzed. We constructed tissue microarrays (TMA) from a wide variety of human neoplasms, and performed cathepsin K ...
Valentino Carlo C Department of Pathology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, 85724, - - 2013
Abnormalities of the MYC oncogene on chromosome 8 are characteristic of Burkitt lymphoma and other aggressive B-cell lymphomas, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We recently described a colorimetric in situ hybridization (CISH) method for detecting extra copies of the MYC gene in DLBCL and the frequent occurrence of excess ...
Chen Yulin Y Department of Chemistry, U niversity of California-Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, - - 2013
A novel method to quantitatively measure the binding of proteins to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamers that employs the inhibition of the DNAzyme hydrolysis of aptamer monolayers is described. A 28-base DNAzyme was designed to specifically bind to and cleave a 29-base ssDNA sequence that can fold into a G-quartet aptamer ...
Ledoux Andrée-Anne - - 2013
Intact episodic memory requires the ability to make associations between the contextual features of an event, referred to as contextual binding. Binding processes combine different contextual elements into a complete memory representation. It has been proposed that binding errors during the encoding process are responsible for the episodic memory impairments ...
Gopal Abilash - - 2013
Investigations into the specific association of amygdala volume, a critical aspect of the fronto-limbic emotional circuitry, and aggression have produced results broadly consistent with the 'larger is more powerful' doctrine. However, recent reports suggest that the ventral and dorsal aspects of the amygdala play functionally specific roles, respectively, in the ...
Liu Hu - - 2013
We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure functional connectivity of the dentate nucleus (DN) between patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and normal controls who were studied in a resting state. Images were acquired in 18 PD patients and in age- and sex-matched normal controls. Connectivity of the bilateral ...
Kitchen A D - - 2013
A comprehensive and effective screening programme is essential to support the banking of tissues from deceased donors. However, the overall quality of the samples obtained from deceased donors, quantity and condition, is often not ideal, and this may lead to problems in achieving accurate and reliable results. Additionally a significant ...
Kalita J - - 2013
Chikungunya virus was initially thought to be a non-neurotropic virus, but recently neurological complications have been reported in patients with chikungunya virus infection. Here, we report a rare case of stimulus-sensitive myoclonus following chikungunya meningoencephalitis. The cranial MRI scan of the patient was normal, the cerebrospinal fluid contained 200 lymphocytes/mm(3), ...
Li Meng - - 2013
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) and denitrification are two important processes responsible for nitrogen loss; monitoring of microbial communities carrying out these two processes offers a unique opportunity to understand the microbial nitrogen cycle. The aim of the current study was to characterize community structures and distribution of anammox and nirS-encoding ...
Dal Ben Ester Rosári Raphaelli - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cell dysfunction has been documented in various autoimmune disorders, but not in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) so far. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we aim to investigate CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg cells, CD3(+)CD19(-) T cells and CD3(-)CD19(+) B cells in patients with primary APS and healthy controls. Cell ...
Itabashi Mitsuyo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The Vasculitis Damage Index (VDI) is used to define the degree of damage occurring in patients with systemic vasculitis. We conducted a retrospective study of 30 patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and renal-limited vasculitis (RLV). METHODS: The clinical data and VDI of the 30 patients enrolled in the study ...
Prosek Jason - - 2013
Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) with associated volume overload is the most common cause of hospitalization in heart failure patients. When accompanied by worsening renal function, it is described as a cardiorenal syndrome and is a therapeutic challenge. Initial treatment commonly encompasses intravenous diuretics however, suboptimal results and high rehospitalization ...
de Cógáin Mitra R - - 2013
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the gold standard for the treatment of large renal calculi. Recently, modifications to the standard PCNL with nephrostomy tube placement have evolved, most notably the introduction of tubeless PCNL. Tubeless PCNL appears to decrease postoperative discomfort and shorten hospital stays, without increasing complication rates in the ...
Young Heather M - - 2013
Assisted living (AL) provides lower cost, less institutional environments than skilled nursing facilities, yet less professional oversight, despite the high prevalence of chronic conditions among residents. Unlicensed staff administer large quantities of medications daily, and medication management is one of the three top quality issues in AL, with error rates ...
Oueriaghli Nahid - - 2013
We have studied the distribution of the archaeal communities in Rambla Salada (Murcia, Spain) over three different seasons and observed the influence upon them of the environmental variables, salinity, pH, oxygen and temperature. Samples were collected from three representative sites in order to gain an insight into the archaeal population ...
Mandal Soumit S - - 2013
The configuration of hemoglobin in solution and confined inside silica nanotubes has been studied using synchrotron small angle X-ray scattering and electrochemical activity. Confinement inside submicron tubes of silica aid in preventing protein aggregation, which is vividly observed for unconfined protein in solution. The radius of gyration (R (g)) and ...
Qian Li-Xiong - - 2013
PURPOSE: To quantify the dimensions of the atlas pedicles and to analyze the relationship between extra medullary height (EMH) with intra medullary height (IMH) of the atlas pedicle. METHODS: The images of the patients who had CT scanning and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction involving atlantoaxial complex between June 2011 and April ...
Carneiro-Sampaio Magda - - 2013
Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) represent a large group of diseases that affect all age groups. Although PIDs have been recognized as rare diseases, there is epidemiological evidence suggesting that their real prevalence has been underestimated. We performed an evaluation of a series of 1,008 infants, children, adolescents and adults with well-defined ...
Ziemer Cherie J - - 2013
One of the fascinating functions of mammalian intestinal microbiota is fermentation of plant cell wall components. Eight-week continuous culture enrichments of pig feces with cellulose and xylan/pectin were used to isolate bacteria from this community. A total of 575 bacterial isolates were classified phylogenetically using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Six ...
Umezaki Yojiro - - 2013
Oral cenesthopathy is a somatic delusion or hallucination involving the oral area and is categorized as a delusional disorder, somatic type. The pathophysiology of this intractable condition remains obscure. In this study, we clarified the pathophysiology of oral cenesthopathy by evaluating regional brain perfusion. We performed single photon emission computed ...
Rode Nicolas O - - 2013
Grouping behaviours (e.g. schooling, shoaling and swarming) are commonly explicated through adaptive hypotheses such as protection against predation, access to mates or improved foraging. However, the hypothesis that aggregation can result from manipulation by parasites to increase their transmission has never been demonstrated. We investigated this hypothesis using natural populations ...
Macpherson Robert - - 2013
The lack of attention to basic safety and security standards by the humanitarian community is endemic. The tragic bombing and loss of life of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq in 2003 is but one of many unfortunate examples; these incidents are increasing in number. Tools for establishing an ...
Wang Fu-Nien - - 2013
Deuterium oxide (D(2) O), which is commercially available and nonradioactive, was proposed as a perfusion tracer before the clinical usage of conventional gadolinium-based MRI contrast agents. However, the sensitivity of direct deuterium detection is the major challenge for its application. In this study, we propose a contrast-enhanced strategy to indirectly ...
Katche Cynthia - - 2013
The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is involved in a range of cognitive functions. However, its precise involvement in memory processing is unknown. Pharmacological and behavioral experiments demonstrate that protein synthesis and c-Fos expression in the anterior part of RSC (aRSC) are necessary late after training to maintain for many days a ...
Carter Anthony Michael - - 2013
The eutherian placenta is considered to possess great plasticity, but it is not clear how this variation reflects adaptation to different ecological niches. Because South America was isolated for most of the Tertiary, it represents a natural laboratory to examine this question. We here describe placentation in three South American ...
Gust Madeleine J - - 2013
Abstract Latissimus dorsi (LD) myocutaneous flap breast reconstruction with a tissue expander/implant is a post-mastectomy option often used as a salvage procedure for a failed tissue expander (TE). The patient is traditionally placed in the lateral decubitus position for flap dissection and is re-prepped and re-draped in the supine position ...
Li Hui - - 2013
Upconversion luminescence is an anti-Stokes' emission process by converting long wavelength near-infrared (NIR, 980 nm) irradiation into shorter wavelength visible light emission, which demonstrates many advantages including no autofluorescence, low damage to samples, no photobleaching, and high sensitivity. Based on the Rhodamine B thiolactone (RBT) functionalized NaYF(4):15%Yb(3+),5%Er(3+) (UCNPs@RBT) nanocomposites, an ...
Kiykac Altinbas Sadiman - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate short-term effects of closure versus non-closure of the parietal peritoneum at caesarean section. Methods: A randomized controlled study of women undergoing caesarean section was conducted at the obstetrics department of a research and education hospital between October 2010 and May 2011. Patients were randomly assigned to ...
Pérez Andrés - - 2013
Abstract Puerperal mastitis and breast abscess caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a condition rarely described in Europe to date. We report and comment on a case of CA-MRSA puerperal breast abscess in a 22-year-old primiparous mother. This aetiology was suspected before the antibiotic susceptibility profile of the ...
Ye Qiong - - 2013
Obesity is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and hepatosteatosis. Understanding the link between IR and hepatosteatosis could be relevant to chronic clinical outcomes. The objective of this study was to quantitatively assess lipid deposition (fractional lipid mass, fLM) and composition (fraction of polyunsaturated lipids, fPUL and mean chain length, MCL) ...
Ginn Samantha L - - 2013
To date, over 1800 gene therapy clinical trials have been completed, are ongoing or have been approved worldwide. Our database brings together global information on gene therapy clinical trials from official agency sources, published literature, conference presentations and posters kindly provided to us by individual investigators or trial sponsors. This ...
Qin Guo-Dong - - 2013
The combination of levofloxacin and α(1) adrenergic antagonist treatment is the current preferred choice for both bacterial and non-bacterial prostatitis. The aim of this study is to explore the influence of α(1) adrenergic antagonists on the pharmacokinetics of levofloxacin using rat models with acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP) induced by direct ...
Wang Chunlian - - 2013
Background/Aims: Ulcerative colitis is a remitting and relapsing chronic inflammatory disorder of the colon with a mortality rate of 7% from acute severe UC. Methodology: A retrospective study of the correlation of clinical indicators, laboratory indicators, endoscopical features, and histological features with clinical severity of UC was conducted in 125 ...
Friedrich Tatjana - - 2013
Photoreactive and thermoresponsive N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM)-surfmer copolymer hydrogels containing 4,4'-di(6-sulfato-hexyloxy)azobenzene (DSHA) dianions are described. The functional hydrogels are obtained in a two steps. First a micellar aqueous solution of (11-(acryloyloxy)undecyl)trimethylammonium bromide (AUTMAB) and NIPAM is exposed to (60) Co-gamma irradiation, and a thermoresponsive copolymer gel is obtained. Second, DSHA is included ...
Guzman Marco - - 2013
This study sought to measure any acoustic changes in the speaking voice immediately after phonation exercises involving plastic straws versus phonation exercises with the open vowel /a/. Forty-one primary school teachers with slightly dysphonic voices were asked to participate in four phonatory tasks. Phonetically balanced text at habitual intensity level ...
Kielhorn Caitlin E - - 2013
When a marine mammal dives, breathing and locomotion are mechanically uncoupled, and its locomotor muscle must power swimming when oxygen is limited. The morphology of that muscle provides insight into both its oxygen storage capacity and its rate of oxygen consumption. This study investigated the m. longissimus dorsi, an epaxial ...
Onoue Satomi - - 2013
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from an ultraviolet (UV)-exposed chemical can be an experimental indicator of phototoxic potential. The aim of the present study was to develop a new ROS assay using serum albumin to provide photosafety assessment under experimental biomimetic conditions. To assess assay robustness, a validation ...
Gariepy G - - 2013
We would like to thank Dr Kawada for his thoughtful comments on our studies. In his letter, Dr Kawada first highlights the potential contribution of age in the association between depression and self-rated health in people with diabetes. Specifically, he suggests that the association between depression and self-rated health may ...
Jeon Hee-Yeon - - 2013
Aurora-A is a serine/threonine mitotic kinase that is required for centrosome maturation. Many cancer cells overexpress Aurora-A, and several reports have suggested that Aurora-A has prognostic value in the clinical treatment of cancer. Therefore, inhibitors for Aurora-A kinase have been developed. However, studies on Aurora-A are largely done in cancer ...
Marques Igor D B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Among kidney transplant recipients (KTRs), tuberculosis is one of the most common opportunistic infections and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence, clinical features, and prognosis of tuberculosis in KTRs. METHODS: Retrospective single-center observational study involving all cases of ...
Sheng Shijun - - 2013
In this report, a graphene/poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) composite electrode was fabricated by melt compounding for the amperometric detection of capillary electrophoresis. The composite electrode was fabricated by packing a mixture of graphene and melted poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) in a piece of fused silica capillary under heat. The structure of the composite was ...
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