Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 4464
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Bakker Adam - - 2013
Patients can experience devastating injuries when an upper extremity travels out of a window during a motor vehicle collision. These injuries are typically very severe and may even result in loss of the affected limb. The purposes of this retrospective study were to determine the clinical fate of these extremities ...
Golden Robert D - - 2013
Measures of pubic symphyseal widening are used by at least two classification systems as determinants of injury grade. Recent work has challenged the commonly used parameter of 2.5 cm of pubic symphysis as an accurate marker of pelvic injury grade and has suggested a role of rotation in the flexion-extension ...
Kuhls Deborah A - - 2013
Surgical education is changing owing to workforce and economic demands. Simulation and other technical teaching methods are used to acquire skills transferable to the operating room. Operative management of traumatic injuries has declined, making it difficult to acquire and maintain competence. The ASSET course was developed by the Committee on ...
Kosova Ethan C EC Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2013
The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been implicated as a major contributor to the development of obesity and cardiometabolic disease. To evaluate the relationships between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and cardiometabolic markers in young children. A cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data collected by the National ...
Sándor George K - - 2013
This report describes the management of the case of an 11-year-old girl with serious compressive pathology of the craniocervical junction using a navigation-guided Le Fort I level maxillotomy and midline split. In this pediatric case, image guidance significantly enhanced intraoperative orientation and helped to determine the correct location of the ...
Kido Aki - - 2013
Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) such as T1-weighted and T2-weighted images of the female pelvis provide morphological information with excellent tissue contrast, which reflects the pathology of malignant diseases of the uterus. Owing to the recent improvement in hardware and software, in combination with extensive research in imaging techniques, not ...
Donadieu Jean - - 2013
Epidemiologic investigations of congenital neutropenia aim to determine several important indicators related to the disease, such as incidence at birth, prevalence, and outcome in the population, including the rate of severe infections, leukemia, and survival. Genetic diagnosis is an important criterion for classifying patients and reliably determining the epidemiologic indicators. ...
Jing Xin - - 2013
With increased use of the ThinPrep method for nongynecologic specimens, cell blocks are more commonly prepared by harvesting cells that are fixed in CytoLyt solution. The current study compared morphologic and immunocytochemical performance of effusion cell blocks prepared using CytoLyt-prefixed thrombin clot (CTC) with plasma thrombin clot (PT) and HistoGel ...
Smith Richard J - - 2013
Accurate conceptualization and measurement of age-friendly community characteristics would help to reduce barriers to documenting the effects on elders of interventions to create such communities. This article contributes to the measurement of age-friendly communities through an exploratory factor analysis of items reflecting an existing US Environmental Protection Agency policy framework. ...
Ezura Yoichi - - 2013
PTH actions on bone are exerted through multiple pathways from G-proteins coupled to a receptor PTH1R that is expressed on osteoblastic lineage cells. Physiological action of PTH may be through increased expression of RANKL, resulting in increased bone resorption and Ca( + + ) release from bone matrix by osteoclasts. ...
Dirkmann Daniel - - 2013
Hypothermia and acidosis have been suggested as key initiators of trauma-induced coagulopathy, and severe bleeding caused by hyperfibrinolysis (HF) predicts mortality. We tested in vitro (1) whether clinically relevant grades of hypothermia, acidosis, and their combination impact on recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (r-tPA)-evoked HF and assessed (2) the efficacy of ...
Feng Charles H - - 2013
Aspirin prevents coronary thrombosis and is used extensively in cardiovascular prophylaxis. However, patients with a prior history of an aspirin "reaction" are routinely denied this medication. To characterize the clinical presentation of a cohort of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and aspirin reactions. Between 2009 and 2012, using a ...
Vajgel André - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to conduct a computational, laboratory-based comparison of the biomechanical stability of 2.0 fixation locking plates with different profiles in Class III atrophic mandibular fractures using 3-dimensional finite element analysis. Three-dimensional finite element models simulating Class III atrophic mandibular fractures were constructed. The models ...
Aranha Karen M - - 2013
Guided by Bourdieu's theory of practice and symbolic violence, this qualitative study explored experiences and perceptions of elderly beneficiaries who had been denied rehabilitation services by Medicare. In semistructured interviews, 12 beneficiaries or family members told of the physical, psychological, and financial consequences of service denial/termination. The resulting perception of ...
Hara Shingo - - 2013
The Le Fort II midfacial advancement appears to be an effective surgical method for the treatment of severe midfacial-nose hypoplasia with a skeletal class III malocclusion, which is usually combined with syndromic midfacial anomalies. However, the conventional surgical method requires the coronal approach, including a coronal incision, together with other ...
Hirai Toyohiro - - 2013
In the relationship between pulmonary diseases and bone, the systemic effects of pulmonary disease on bone metabolism, such as osteoporosis in COPD, have been recently investigated as well as abnormal bone metabolism induced by the therapy for lung diseases such as glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. However, the effective strategy for risk assessment, ...
Bach Harold H HH 4th Burn and Shock Trauma Institute, Department of Surgery, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, Illinois 60153, - - 2013
Several lines of evidence suggest that proteasomes, the major nonlysosomal proteases in eukaryotes, are involved in the pathophysiology of various disease processes, including ischemia-reperfusion injury and trauma. Recently, we demonstrated that 26S proteasome activity is negatively regulated by adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and that proteasome activation during ischemia contributes to myocardial ...
Stahel Philip F - - 2013
In contrast to the established principles of "damage-control orthopedics" for temporary external fixation of long bone or pelvic fractures, the "ideal" timing and modality of fixation of unstable spine fractures in severely injured patients remains controversial. A prospective cohort study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a ...
Seamon Mark J - - 2013
Although many surgeons leave laparotomy incisions open after colon injury to prevent surgical site infection (SSI), other injured patient subsets are also at risk. We hypothesized that leaving trauma laparotomy skin incisions open in high-risk patients with any enteric injury or requiring damage control laparotomy (DCL) would not affect superficial ...
Wijdicks Frans-Jasper G - - 2013
The number of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures treated surgically is increasing, and open reduction and intramedullary fixation is an emerging surgical treatment option. The study quality and scientific levels of published evidence in which possible complications of this treatment are presented vary greatly. We performed systematic computer-based searches of EMBASE ...
Sahoo Nanda Kishore - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the increase in height and change in position of neo-articular tubercle in cases treated by Dautrey's procedure. 10 cases of Tempromandibular joint (TMJ) disorders satisfying the inclusion criteria were included in this study, out of which 8 had bilateral chronic recurrent ...
Savage Stephanie A - - 2013
The massive transfusion (MT) concept (>10-U packed red blood cells per 24 hours) is retrospective, arbitrary, and prone to survivor bias. Accounting for rate and timing is a more accurate conceptual framework. We redefined MT as a critical administration threshold (CAT) of 3 U/h, which is clinically pertinent and reflects ...
Kelleher Deirdre C - - 2013
Exposure and environmental control are essential components of the advanced trauma life support primary survey, especially during the resuscitation of pediatric patients. Proper exposure aids in early recognition of injuries in patients unable to communicate their injuries, while warming techniques, such as the use of blankets, assist in maintaining normothermia. ...
Thomas Rebecca R Centre for Academic Primary Care, School of Social & Community Medicine, Bristol University, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol, - - 2013
Unplanned admissions for heart failure are common and some are considered preventable. Undertake a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of specialist clinics in reducing unplanned hospital admissions in people with heart failure. 18 databases were searched from inception to June 2010. Relevant websites and reference lists ...
Minshall Christian Todd - - 2013
Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a problem in trauma and emergency general surgery patients. Our hospital-acquired infection prevention committee approved the use of early nonbronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage (screening-BAL) in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) to identify ventilated patients with bronchiolar bacteria before 48 hours. We reviewed the results of this quality ...
Murphy Kieran - - 2013
To review the medical literature for reports on the types of physical injuries in elder abuse with the aim of eliciting patterns that will aid its detection. The databases of PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and TRIP were searched from 1975 to March 2012 for articles that contained the following phrases: "physical ...
Kuo Li-Na - - 2013
Objective: The safety and efficacy of warfarin therapeutic range in Asians remain to be ascertained. Physicians in Taiwan consider Asians are more likely to have bleeding complications rather than thromboembolic events from warfarin. The aim of this study was to determine if the proper INR range for patients in Taiwan ...
West Marcus - - 2013
This paper focuses on the transference-countertransference dynamics that manifest in work with those individuals who experienced severe early relational trauma and, in particular, childhood sexual abuse. The literature is surveyed from Davies and Frawley's (1992a) seminal paper through to more current trauma-related and sensorimotor approaches, which deepen our understanding greatly. ...
Recknagel Stefan - - 2013
We recently demonstrated that a blunt chest trauma, a strong inducer of the posttraumatic systemic inflammatory response and one of the most critical injuries in polytrauma patients, significantly delayed fracture healing in rats, possibly by the interaction of the systemic inflammation with early regeneration processes locally at the fracture site. ...
Briefel Ronette R - - 2013
Because childhood obesity is such a threat to the physical, mental, and social health of youth, there is a great need to identify effective strategies to reduce its prevalence. The objective of this study was to estimate the mean calories from added sugars that are saved by switching sugar-sweetened beverages ...
Thompson Elaine Adams - - 2013
Effective prevention requires understanding vulnerable populations, early signs of health risks, and the impact of social contexts. We tested a model of co-occurring mental health risks among at-risk youth experiencing school difficulties. We analyzed data from a random sample of 336 at-risk youth, grades 9-12, who completed a comprehensive risk/protective ...
Harel Noga - - 2013
The aim of this 10 year retrospective study was to evaluate the crestal bone loss around immediate implant placed in tricalcium phosphate (TCP) grafted extraction sockets Data were collected from files of 58 patients (33 females, 25 males, average age 54.78 years) undergoing immediate implant placement into fresh extraction socket ...
Zhang Jeff L JL Department of Radiology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, USA. - - 2013
Renal function is characterized by different physiologic aspects, including perfusion, glomerular filtration, interstitial diffusion, and tissue oxygenation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shows great promise in assessing these renal tissue characteristics noninvasively. The last decade has witnessed a dramatic progress in MRI techniques for renal function assessment. This article briefly describes ...
Raatz Susan K SK US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, ND 58203, - - 2013
Enhanced n-3 fatty acid intake benefits cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction. Increasing consumption at a population level may be better addressed by diet than through supplementation. However, limited data are available on the effect of the dose response to fish intake on plasma levels of n-3 fatty acids. To compare ...
Hooven Carole - - 2013
Families play an important role in youth suicide prevention, as both a source of protection and a source of risk, and thus are an important target for adolescent suicide prevention programs. This article describes in detail Parents-CARE, a brief youth suicide prevention program for parents, for which effectiveness has been ...
Coelho Paulo G - - 2013
The present study evaluated the effect of different drilling dimensions (undersized, regular, and oversized) in the insertion and removal torques of dental implants in a beagle dog model. Six beagle dogs were acquired and subjected to bilateral surgeries in the radii 1 and 3 weeks before euthanasia. During surgery, 3 ...
Mugler John P JP 3rd Center for In-vivo Hyperpolarized Gas MR Imaging, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA. - - 2013
By permitting direct visualization of the airspaces of the lung, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using hyperpolarized gases provides unique strategies for evaluating pulmonary structure and function. Although the vast majority of research in humans has been performed using hyperpolarized (3)He, recent contraction in the supply of (3)He and consequent increases ...
Cervinski Mark A - - 2013
Conversion of clopidogrel (Plavix) to its active metabolite is catalyzed largely by the P450 enzyme 2C19 (CYP2C19). Numerous allelic variants of CYP2C19 exist. The *1 allele is considered wild type, whereas the *2 and *3 alleles have no in vivo enzymatic activity. Conversely, the *17 allele has increased expression, resulting ...
Kaplan Daniel B - - 2013
Social workers in diverse service systems throughout the United States encounter many opportunities for improving quality of life for people with dementia and their families. Yet practice with this population is unclearly defined and a core set of competencies for such practice does not yet exist. Instead, it is shaped ...
Kinnare Kelly F - - 2013
The occurrence of hypoglycemia in patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) is low, yet its consequences can be detrimental. Treatment of hyperglycemia with insulin to achieve optimal blood glucose control is challenging and potentially associated with increased risk of the development of hypoglycemia. The objective of this study was to determine ...
Kanazawa Ippei - - 2013
The fracture risks are increased in patients with lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. Bone has been recognized as an endocrine organ to regulate glucose and fat metabolism. Hyperglycemia, advanced glycation end products (AGEs) , and insulin signal are involved in diabetes-related bone disease. Previous studies suggest that ...
Coleman Jamie J - - 2013
Concern over lack of resident interest caused by the nonoperative nature and compromised lifestyle associated with a career as a "trauma surgeon" has led to the emergence of a new acute care surgery (ACS) specialty. This study examined the opinions of current general surgical residents about training and careers in ...
Muller Michael J - - 2013
Major burn injuries cause devastating physical and psychosocial morbidity, combined with significant health care and community costs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a targeted burn prevention message on burn safety knowledge and behavior. An 11-year retrospective review of patients admitted to an adult tertiary ...
Jockel Christopher R - - 2013
There are limited outcome studies describing floating elbow injuries. The purpose of this report is to describe patient outcomes after floating elbow injury using the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) elbow assessment form. From 1994 to 2004, 19 patients were retrospectively identified at 3 Level I trauma centers and ...
van der Wilden Gwendolyn M - - 2013
Staffing of attending intensivists 24 hours per day, 7 days per week (24/7) in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) has unknown benefits. We hypothesized that 24/7 attending intensivist staffing in the SICU would improve outcomes and processes of care. We retrospectively reviewed 26 months of admissions to our 20-bed ...
Chen Yulin Y Department of Chemistry, U niversity of California-Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, - - 2013
A novel method to quantitatively measure the binding of proteins to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamers that employs the inhibition of the DNAzyme hydrolysis of aptamer monolayers is described. A 28-base DNAzyme was designed to specifically bind to and cleave a 29-base ssDNA sequence that can fold into a G-quartet aptamer ...
Gopal Abilash - - 2013
Investigations into the specific association of amygdala volume, a critical aspect of the fronto-limbic emotional circuitry, and aggression have produced results broadly consistent with the 'larger is more powerful' doctrine. However, recent reports suggest that the ventral and dorsal aspects of the amygdala play functionally specific roles, respectively, in the ...
Liu Hu - - 2013
We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure functional connectivity of the dentate nucleus (DN) between patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and normal controls who were studied in a resting state. Images were acquired in 18 PD patients and in age- and sex-matched normal controls. Connectivity of the bilateral ...
Ledoux Andrée-Anne - - 2013
Intact episodic memory requires the ability to make associations between the contextual features of an event, referred to as contextual binding. Binding processes combine different contextual elements into a complete memory representation. It has been proposed that binding errors during the encoding process are responsible for the episodic memory impairments ...
Ziemer Cherie J - - 2013
One of the fascinating functions of mammalian intestinal microbiota is fermentation of plant cell wall components. Eight-week continuous culture enrichments of pig feces with cellulose and xylan/pectin were used to isolate bacteria from this community. A total of 575 bacterial isolates were classified phylogenetically using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Six ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >