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Kazama Junichiro James - - 2013
Complication of osteopenia and vascular calcification are often observed among elderly, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease patients. It remains obscure whether these two conditions merely share common risk factors or they have clear cause-result relationship. So called Moenckeberg type vascular calcification is classified into vascular ossification from the perspective of ...
Gatson Joshua W - - 2013
Following a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) event, the secondary brain injury that persists after the initial blow to the head consists of excitotoxicity, decreased cerebral glucose levels, oxidant injury, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, and neuronal cell death. To date, there are no effective interventions used at decreasing secondary brain injury ...
Bandle Jesse - - 2013
Venous duplex surveillance (VDS) is commonly used in trauma patients considered at risk for deep venous thrombosis. Economic evaluations have not addressed the quality of either the process of care or the outcomes achieved through the use of VDS. We sought to determine the value (quality/cost) of VDS in trauma ...
Mandel Louis - - 2013
The aim of this study is to call attention to the role that radioactive iodine ((131)I) and stapes surgery may play in causing hyposalivation. The manner in which (131)I and stapes surgery can cause salivary damage was reviewed. A case report is presented to illustrate the involved pathophysiology. The case ...
Quigley Matthew R - - 2013
Mild traumatic brain injury is a clinical diagnosis predicated on a patient's neurologic status and encompasses a variety of pathologies on computed tomography. We wondered whether isolated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (iSAH) without other intracranial pathologic diagnosis is a more benign form of minor head injury that does not warrant extensive ...
Sahin Atalay - - 2013
Foreign body (FB) inhalation into airways of the respiratory system is a life-threatening condition and can be fatal. The purpose of this survey was to evaluate the types and characteristics of inhaled foreign bodies, the age distribution of children, and the outcome. We outlined a retrospective review of hospital data ...
Jang Jae-Won - - 2013
Background: Levodropropizine is an oral non-opioid anti-tussive drug used in treatment of cough. A new generic 60 mg capsule formulation of levodropropizine has recently been developed. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics and bioequivalence of the test (capsule) formulation and reference (syrup) formulation of levodropropizine ...
Waldron Sharn - - 2013
The 'black hole' is a metaphor for a reality in the psyche of many individuals who have experienced complex trauma in infancy and early childhood. The 'black hole' has been created by an absence of the object, the (m)other, so there is no internalized object, no (m)other in the psyche. ...
Badalamente Marie - - 2013
Measurement is a fundamental cornerstone in all aspects of scientific discovery, including clinical research. To be useful, measurement instruments must meet several key criteria, the most important of which are satisfactory reliability, validity, and responsiveness. Part 1 of this article reviews the general concepts of measurement instruments and describes the ...
Freeland-Graves Jeanne H - - 2013
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that the total diet or overall pattern of food eaten is the most important focus of healthy eating. All foods can fit within this pattern if consumed in moderation with appropriate portion size and combined with physical activity. The ...
Lee Hee Jin - - 2013
Small intestinal adenocarcinomas (SIACs) are rare, and their molecular pathogenesis is largely unknown. To define the roles of E-cadherin and β-catenin, we performed immunohistochemistry for E-cadherin and β-catenin in 194 surgically resected SIACs with tissue microarrays and compared the data with clinicopathologic factors, including survival rates of patients with SIAC. ...
Takeuchi Yasuhiro - - 2013
Accumulating evidence clearly indicates both thyroid hormone and estrogen have a pivotal role in bone metabolism. Pituitary hormones, TSH and FSH, regulate circulating levels of thyroid hormone and estrogen, respectively. Recent works raise a possibility that either TSH or FSH also has its own direct effects on bone cells involved ...
Lee Tim H - - 2013
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is common after trauma. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a feared complication of DVT. Standard doses of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) are commonly used to prevent and treat DVT and PE. There is variable bioavailability of LMWH with standard therapy. The traditional concept that below-knee DVT is associated ...
Connolly Angela M - - 2013
Jung's contribution to the understanding of the relevance of psychology to alchemy has become increasingly invalidated by the ahistorical nature of his approach, just as his tendency to ignore the importance of cognitive aesthetics for an improved comprehension of the functions of alchemical images has prevented Jungians from further extending ...
Sawant Devendra A - - 2013
Microvascular hyperpermeability following conditions such as hemorrhagic shock occurs mainly owing to disruption of the adherens junctional protein complex in endothelial cells. The objective of this study was to examine the action of staurosporine, a potent activator of endogenous caspase 3 on the adherens junction and the cellular pathway through ...
de Mestral Charles - - 2013
The management of a mangled lower extremity is complex and requires consideration of a patient's injury pattern, medical history, social context, and preference. The Lower Extremity Assessment Project provides the highest level of evidence guiding management; however, the Lower Extremity Assessment Project cohort was recruited 15 years ago and was ...
Sanna Antonio - - 2013
The obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) shows a very high prevalence in the middle-age work force population and, between all diseases and medical conditions, is the major risk factor for motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). OSA can be diagnosed and treated, with resultant reduction in MVAs to those seen in the healthy ...
Valdez Carrie - - 2013
Limb compartment syndrome (CS) is a difficult diagnosis. Accurate measurement of compartment pressure is user dependent, and there is no consensus on values to define CS. Given the prevalence of extremity CS, difficulty in timely diagnosis, and ramifications of a delay in diagnosis, a precise and reliable means for early ...
Roberts Mark J - - 2013
Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is characterized by monoclonal gammopathy, usually IgM, in association with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL). Little is known of the expression of nuclear proteins involved in B-cell development in LPL/WM. In this study, the expression patterns of PAX5/BSAP, MUM1/IRF4, and PRDM1/BLIMP1 were analyzed in plasma cells and lymphocytes in ...
Iijima Hideki - - 2013
Bone mineral density is decreased in inflammatory bowel diseases, which are intractable inflammation in the digestive tract. The causes of decreased bone mineral density are multifactorial including steroid use, insufficiency of nutritional intake, malabsorption in the gastrointestinal tract and activation of mucosal immune system. Insufficient levels of vitamins D and ...
Kelleher Deirdre C - - 2013
Alcohol misuse is an important source of preventable injuries in the adolescent population. While alcohol screening and brief interventions are required at American College of Surgeons-accredited trauma centers, there is no standard screening method. To develop guidelines for testing, we reviewed available evidence regarding adolescent alcohol screening after injury, focusing ...
Bailey-Davis Lisa - - 2013
Universal free access to school breakfast is available in large urban schools, but participation rates are less than half of what they are at lunch. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the discrepancy between access and participation in school breakfast in a low-income, urban school district. Youth ...
Castro-Núñez Jaime - - 2013
Maxillary and mandibular bone defects can result from injury, congenital defect, or accident, or as a consequence of surgical procedures when treating pathology or defects affecting jaw bones. The glandular odontogenic cyst is an infrequent type of odontogenic cyst that can leave a bony defect after being treated by aggressive ...
Takeda Shu - - 2013
The discovery that leptin regulates bone formation through the central nervous system shed light on a new regulatory system of bone metabolism, i.e., neuronal control. Of note, sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic nervous system are intimately involved in bone remodeling separately and also in a coordinated manner. Moreover, orexigenic and ...
Rosenberger Laura H LH Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA. - - 2013
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common hospital-acquired infection in the intensive care unit, with substantial subsequent mortality. The mortality following VAP declined in the 1980s and 1990s. Experts suggest that little progress has been made in the outcomes from VAP since several novel interventions have failed. We nonetheless hypothesized ...
Joshi G P - - 2013
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the available literature on the management of pain after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Randomized studies, published in English between January 1995 and July 2011, assessing analgesic and anaesthetic interventions in adults undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery, and reporting pain scores, were retrieved from ...
Liu Shen - - 2013
Limited forearm rotation is a frequent combined disorder in elbow stiffness. If the radial head cannot be saved during open arthrolysis, prosthetic replacement might be considered because it enhances stability and allows early motion. In this study we retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 8 patients (7 men, 1 woman) who ...
Leis Carmen Camacho - - 2013
Several studies recommend not initiating advanced life support in traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA), mainly owing to the poor prognosis in several series that have been published. This study aimed to analyze the survival of the TCA in our series and to determine which factors are more frequently associated with recovery ...
Pourtova Elena - - 2013
Nostalgia for the Soviet Union is a major social phenomenon in Russia today due to the irrevocable losses of the recent past in which Soviet citizens involuntarily became immigrants in their own country. With reference to discussions of nostalgia in philosophical and psychoanalytic literature, I suggest that nostalgia may represent ...
Wolniak Kristy L - - 2013
Clonal expansions of large granular lymphocytes (LGLs) have been identified in patients following stem cell transplants and may represent posttransplant LGL leukemias or reactive immune responses. To differentiate between these 2 possibilities, we assessed peripheral blood and bone marrow of patients with myeloma after autologous stem cell transplant. All patients ...
Lando Amy M - - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration is considering changes to the Nutrition Facts label to help consumers make more healthful choices. To examine the effects of modifications to the Nutrition Facts label on foods that can be listed as having 1 or 2 servings per container, but are reasonably consumed at ...
Mansfield Aaron S - - 2013
The determination of HER2 amplification is critical to selecting appropriate patients for HER2 targeted therapy in breast cancer. Dual in situ hybridization (DISH), an alternative to fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry, is now available. To compare the FISH and DISH methods, we tested 251 samples enriched for common ...
Griesser Michael J - - 2013
Various methods of bony stabilization, including modifications of Bristow and Latarjet procedures, are considered gold-standard treatment for recurrent anterior shoulder instability but are associated with unique complications and risk of reoperation. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of these complications. We hypothesized that the Bristow-Latarjet procedure ...
Kanai Genta - - 2013
With progressive loss of kidney function, patients with chronic kidney disease develop multiple mineral metabolism abnormalities. Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder independently associated with cardiovascular disease and mortality. FGF23 which discovered in late years gave us new knowledge to elucidate these mechanisms. Further elucidation of FGF23-Klotho will help us ...
Vargas Hebert Alberto - - 2013
MRI provides exquisite views of the pelvic anatomy through its high spatial resolution and tissue contrast, and as such plays a key role in the work up of ovarian lesions, identifying features that distinguish benign and malignant lesions. In the case of primary tumors it enables local staging and detection ...
Fatovich Daniel M - - 2013
We examined the association between age, mechanism of injury, and Injury Severity Score (ISS) on mortality in major trauma. We used 9 years of population-based linked major trauma (ISS >15) registry data for Western Australia (N = 4,411). These were categorized using the Sampalis classification of injury severity: survivable (ISS ...
Goldfarb Shari B SB Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Understanding sexual health issues in cancer patients is integral to care for the continuously growing cancer survivor population. To create a national network of active clinicians and researchers focusing on the prevention and treatment of sexual problems in women and girls with cancer. Interdisciplinary teams from the University of Chicago ...
Yamakawa Kazuma - - 2013
The role of mitochondrial dysfunction has not been thoroughly clarified in the pathogenesis of critically ill patients. The objective of this study was to investigate mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and apoptosis in circulating platelets in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). This prospective observational study was conducted from May ...
Kirklin James K - - 2013
The 5th annual report of the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) summarizes and analyzes the first 6 years of patient and data collection. The current analysis includes more than 6000 patients and updated risk factors for continuous flow pumps. Among continuous flow pumps, actuarial survival is 80% ...
Morgan Elizabeth A - - 2013
Detection of the integrin subunit CD103 is a useful diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of hairy cell leukemia (HCL). Currently, flow cytometric analysis (FC) and frozen section immunohistochemistry (IHC) represent the only available methods of detection. This study is the first to describe the successful use of a CD103 antibody ...
Ono Kumiko - - 2013
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) , the osteoclast pathway is activated by an abnormal immune condition accompanied by chronic inflammation, resulting in periarticular osteoporosis and local bone destruction around joints. In addition, multiple factors including pharmacotherapies such as steroids, and reduced physical activity, lead to systemic osteoporosis. These conditions expose patients ...
Esfandyarpour Rahim - - 2013
Here we present the development of an array of electrical micro-biosensors in a microfluidic channel, called microneedle biosensors. A microneedle biosensor is a real-time, label-free, direct electrical detection platform, which is capable of high sensitivity detection, measuring the change in ionic current and impedance modulation, due to the presence or ...
Wafaisade Arasch - - 2013
Despite poor evidence and high costs, fibrinogen concentrate (FC) represents one of the most frequently used hemostatic agents in exsanguinating trauma. The aim was to assess whether the administration of FC in severely injured patients was associated with improved outcomes. Patients documented in the Trauma Registry of the German Society ...
Noria Sabrena F - - 2013
The prevalence of obesity has increased so rapidly over the last few decades that it is now considered a global epidemic. Obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more, is associated with several comorbid conditions that decrease life expectancy and increase health care costs. Diet therapies ...
Leschik Johannes J - - 2013
The analytical performance and the clinical utility of a thyrotropin receptor (TSHR)-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) bioassay were compared with those of a TSHR-binding inhibitory immunoglobulin (TBII) assay. Limits of detection (LoD) and quantitation (LoQ), assay cutoff, and the half-maximal effective concentration (EC(50)) were measured. Dilution analysis was performed in sera of ...
Liu Jinyu - - 2013
Nationally representative data from a sample (n = 928) of full-time nursing home social services directors were used to investigate whether knowing characteristics of the social environment at work can help to explain which directors report job thriving. Two-thirds of directors reported they were thriving in their jobs. Multiple regression results show ...
Tanaka Yoshiya - - 2013
Glucocorticoid (GC) is widely used to treat a variety of inflammatory and allergic diseases and about one million people in Japan are known to take oral GC. GC causes a number of significant side effects and among them osteoporosis and degenerative bone fracture are major complications of GC therapy. GC ...
Weckbach Sebastian - - 2013
The exact alterations of the immune system after polytrauma leading to sepsis and multiple-organ failure are poorly understood. Thus, the early local and systemic inflammatory and apoptotic response was characterized in a new polytrauma model and compared with the alterations seen after single or combined injuries. Anesthetized C57BL/6 mice were ...
Rose Nicholas E - - 2013
Chronic lateral epicondylitis remains a treatment challenge. Traditional surgical treatments for lateral epicondylitis involve variations of the classic Nirschl lateral release. Anatomic studies reveal that the posterior branch or branches of the posterior cutaneous nerve of the forearm consistently innervate the lateral humeral epicondyle. We undertook the present study to ...
Carabetta Melissa - - 2013
As surgical patients pass through the perianesthesia continuum, the nurses they encounter rarely have time to develop a nurse-patient relationship, or identify patient needs and concerns and pass this information along to other providers. In the preprocedural period of the care continuum, however, patients and their families often express information ...
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