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Jing Xin - - 2013
With increased use of the ThinPrep method for nongynecologic specimens, cell blocks are more commonly prepared by harvesting cells that are fixed in CytoLyt solution. The current study compared morphologic and immunocytochemical performance of effusion cell blocks prepared using CytoLyt-prefixed thrombin clot (CTC) with plasma thrombin clot (PT) and HistoGel ...
Smith Richard J - - 2013
Accurate conceptualization and measurement of age-friendly community characteristics would help to reduce barriers to documenting the effects on elders of interventions to create such communities. This article contributes to the measurement of age-friendly communities through an exploratory factor analysis of items reflecting an existing US Environmental Protection Agency policy framework. ...
Ezura Yoichi - - 2013
PTH actions on bone are exerted through multiple pathways from G-proteins coupled to a receptor PTH1R that is expressed on osteoblastic lineage cells. Physiological action of PTH may be through increased expression of RANKL, resulting in increased bone resorption and Ca( + + ) release from bone matrix by osteoclasts. ...
Morgan Elizabeth A - - 2013
Detection of the integrin subunit CD103 is a useful diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of hairy cell leukemia (HCL). Currently, flow cytometric analysis (FC) and frozen section immunohistochemistry (IHC) represent the only available methods of detection. This study is the first to describe the successful use of a CD103 antibody ...
Ono Kumiko - - 2013
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) , the osteoclast pathway is activated by an abnormal immune condition accompanied by chronic inflammation, resulting in periarticular osteoporosis and local bone destruction around joints. In addition, multiple factors including pharmacotherapies such as steroids, and reduced physical activity, lead to systemic osteoporosis. These conditions expose patients ...
Esfandyarpour Rahim - - 2013
Here we present the development of an array of electrical micro-biosensors in a microfluidic channel, called microneedle biosensors. A microneedle biosensor is a real-time, label-free, direct electrical detection platform, which is capable of high sensitivity detection, measuring the change in ionic current and impedance modulation, due to the presence or ...
Kinnare Kelly F - - 2013
The occurrence of hypoglycemia in patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) is low, yet its consequences can be detrimental. Treatment of hyperglycemia with insulin to achieve optimal blood glucose control is challenging and potentially associated with increased risk of the development of hypoglycemia. The objective of this study was to determine ...
Kanazawa Ippei - - 2013
The fracture risks are increased in patients with lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. Bone has been recognized as an endocrine organ to regulate glucose and fat metabolism. Hyperglycemia, advanced glycation end products (AGEs) , and insulin signal are involved in diabetes-related bone disease. Previous studies suggest that ...
Hooven Carole - - 2013
Families play an important role in youth suicide prevention, as both a source of protection and a source of risk, and thus are an important target for adolescent suicide prevention programs. This article describes in detail Parents-CARE, a brief youth suicide prevention program for parents, for which effectiveness has been ...
Coelho Paulo G - - 2013
The present study evaluated the effect of different drilling dimensions (undersized, regular, and oversized) in the insertion and removal torques of dental implants in a beagle dog model. Six beagle dogs were acquired and subjected to bilateral surgeries in the radii 1 and 3 weeks before euthanasia. During surgery, 3 ...
Oktaria Vicka - - 2013
Worldwide variations in allergy prevalence suggest that geographic factors may contribute to asthma. Ecologic studies have suggested that latitude, a marker of UV-B exposure and allergen exposures, may be related to clinical allergies. To examine the relationship between latitude or UV-B based on self-reported geolocation and allergic sensitization and disease ...
Kirklin James K - - 2013
The 5th annual report of the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) summarizes and analyzes the first 6 years of patient and data collection. The current analysis includes more than 6000 patients and updated risk factors for continuous flow pumps. Among continuous flow pumps, actuarial survival is 80% ...
Cheung Lim Kwong - - 2013
Alveolar distraction osteogenesis (ADO), a novel bone augmentation technique, is gaining acceptance in restoring the vertical bone discrepancy between the transplanted graft and the residual alveolar bone after mandibular reconstruction. This case series presents the outcomes of ADO in fibula-reconstructed mandibles rehabilitated with dental implants, with an emphasis on clinical ...
Laskin Daniel M - - 2013
The ability to predict how long a particular operation will take is important for maintaining operating room efficiency. The purpose of this study was to determine how accurate oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs) can be in making this determination. Three experienced OMSs predicted their operating times for various operations; these ...
Wijdicks Frans-Jasper G - - 2013
The number of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures treated surgically is increasing, and open reduction and intramedullary fixation is an emerging surgical treatment option. The study quality and scientific levels of published evidence in which possible complications of this treatment are presented vary greatly. We performed systematic computer-based searches of EMBASE ...
Noria Sabrena F - - 2013
The prevalence of obesity has increased so rapidly over the last few decades that it is now considered a global epidemic. Obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more, is associated with several comorbid conditions that decrease life expectancy and increase health care costs. Diet therapies ...
Badalamente Marie - - 2013
Measurement is a fundamental cornerstone in all aspects of scientific discovery, including clinical research. To be useful, measurement instruments must meet several key criteria, the most important of which are satisfactory reliability, validity, and responsiveness. Part 1 of this article reviews the general concepts of measurement instruments and describes the ...
Badalamente Marie - - 2013
Part 1 of this article outlined the basic characteristics of useful clinical measurement instruments and described scales used to measure general health, pain, and patient satisfaction. Part 2 describes the features of some of the scales most commonly used in clinical research in the hand, wrist, elbow, and shoulder.
Sanna Antonio - - 2013
The obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) shows a very high prevalence in the middle-age work force population and, between all diseases and medical conditions, is the major risk factor for motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). OSA can be diagnosed and treated, with resultant reduction in MVAs to those seen in the healthy ...
Tapia Nicole M - - 2013
For nearly a decade, our center performed thromboelastograms (TEGs) to analyze coagulation profiles, allowing rapid data-driven blood component therapy. After consensus recommendations for massive transfusion protocols (MTPs), we implemented an MTP in October 2009 with 1:1:1 ratio of blood (red blood cells [RBC]), plasma (fresh-frozen plasma [FFP]), and platelets. We ...
Savage Stephanie A - - 2013
The massive transfusion (MT) concept (>10-U packed red blood cells per 24 hours) is retrospective, arbitrary, and prone to survivor bias. Accounting for rate and timing is a more accurate conceptual framework. We redefined MT as a critical administration threshold (CAT) of 3 U/h, which is clinically pertinent and reflects ...
Harvin John A - - 2013
Failure to achieve fascial closure after damage control laparotomy (DCL) is associated with increased morbidity and long-term disability. In addition, early closure is associated with reduces infectious, wound, and pulmonary complications. We hypothesized that hypertonic saline (HTS), which attenuates resuscitation-induced intestinal edema in animals, would improve early primary fascial closure ...
Dirkmann Daniel - - 2013
Hypothermia and acidosis have been suggested as key initiators of trauma-induced coagulopathy, and severe bleeding caused by hyperfibrinolysis (HF) predicts mortality. We tested in vitro (1) whether clinically relevant grades of hypothermia, acidosis, and their combination impact on recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (r-tPA)-evoked HF and assessed (2) the efficacy of ...
Weckbach Sebastian - - 2013
The exact alterations of the immune system after polytrauma leading to sepsis and multiple-organ failure are poorly understood. Thus, the early local and systemic inflammatory and apoptotic response was characterized in a new polytrauma model and compared with the alterations seen after single or combined injuries. Anesthetized C57BL/6 mice were ...
Sawant Devendra A - - 2013
Microvascular hyperpermeability following conditions such as hemorrhagic shock occurs mainly owing to disruption of the adherens junctional protein complex in endothelial cells. The objective of this study was to examine the action of staurosporine, a potent activator of endogenous caspase 3 on the adherens junction and the cellular pathway through ...
Recknagel Stefan - - 2013
We recently demonstrated that a blunt chest trauma, a strong inducer of the posttraumatic systemic inflammatory response and one of the most critical injuries in polytrauma patients, significantly delayed fracture healing in rats, possibly by the interaction of the systemic inflammation with early regeneration processes locally at the fracture site. ...
Olthof Dominique C - - 2013
Contradictory findings are reported in the literature concerning prognostic factors for failure of nonoperative management (NOM) in the treatment of adults with blunt splenic injury. The objective of this systematic review was to identify prognostic factors for failure of NOM, with or without angiography and embolization. MEDLINE, Embase, and the ...
Bandle Jesse - - 2013
Venous duplex surveillance (VDS) is commonly used in trauma patients considered at risk for deep venous thrombosis. Economic evaluations have not addressed the quality of either the process of care or the outcomes achieved through the use of VDS. We sought to determine the value (quality/cost) of VDS in trauma ...
Yan Hede - - 2013
Degloving injuries are severe and frequently underestimated lesions. Lower extremities are the most commonly affected limbs. This injury is associated with a high morbidity and mortality if mismanaged. The treatment of such patients still varies, clinical indicators for its prognosis are scarce, and some technical protocols are also controversial. Between ...
Lingsma Hester - - 2013
Several prognostic models to predict outcome in traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been developed, but few are externally validated. We aimed to validate the International Mission on Prognosis and Analysis of Clinical Trials in TBI (IMPACT) prognostic models in a recent unselected patient cohort and to assess the additional prognostic ...
Croce Martin A - - 2013
Since its introduction by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, the ventilator bundle (VB) has been credited with a reduction in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The VB consists of stress ulcer prophylaxis, deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis, head-of-bed elevation, and daily sedation vacation with weaning assessment. While there is little compelling evidence that ...
Fabricant Loic - - 2013
During preservation, donated liquid red blood cells (RBCs) experience multiple functional and structural changes known as the storage lesion. Increased RBC age is associated with increased infection rates, organ failure, and mortality. This prospective, randomized, double-blinded pilot study enrolled stable trauma patients who required RBC transfusion. Patients were randomly assigned ...
Guidry Chrissy - - 2013
Resuscitation strategies in patients with severe hemorrhage have evolved throughout the years. Optimal resuscitation ratios for civilian exsanguinating vascular injuries has not been determined. We hypothesize improved outcomes in patients with exsanguinating vascular injuries when an aggressive hemostatic resuscitation is used with an inverse ratio of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) ...
Yamakawa Kazuma - - 2013
The role of mitochondrial dysfunction has not been thoroughly clarified in the pathogenesis of critically ill patients. The objective of this study was to investigate mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and apoptosis in circulating platelets in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). This prospective observational study was conducted from May ...
Sharpe John P - - 2013
Operative management at our institution for all colon injuries have followed a defined algorithm (ALG) based on risk factors originally identified for penetrating injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the ALG to blunt colon injuries. Patients with blunt colon injuries during 13 years were ...
Seamon Mark J - - 2013
Although many surgeons leave laparotomy incisions open after colon injury to prevent surgical site infection (SSI), other injured patient subsets are also at risk. We hypothesized that leaving trauma laparotomy skin incisions open in high-risk patients with any enteric injury or requiring damage control laparotomy (DCL) would not affect superficial ...
Valdez Carrie - - 2013
Limb compartment syndrome (CS) is a difficult diagnosis. Accurate measurement of compartment pressure is user dependent, and there is no consensus on values to define CS. Given the prevalence of extremity CS, difficulty in timely diagnosis, and ramifications of a delay in diagnosis, a precise and reliable means for early ...
Malinoski Darren - - 2013
Catheter-associated deep venous thromboses (CADVTs) are a common occurrence in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU), necessitating central venous catheter (CVC) removal and replacement. Previous studies evaluating risk factors for CADVT in SICU patients are limited, and most lack a true denominator of all CVC days. We sought to determine ...
Coleman Jamie J - - 2013
Concern over lack of resident interest caused by the nonoperative nature and compromised lifestyle associated with a career as a "trauma surgeon" has led to the emergence of a new acute care surgery (ACS) specialty. This study examined the opinions of current general surgical residents about training and careers in ...
Gatson Joshua W - - 2013
Following a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) event, the secondary brain injury that persists after the initial blow to the head consists of excitotoxicity, decreased cerebral glucose levels, oxidant injury, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, and neuronal cell death. To date, there are no effective interventions used at decreasing secondary brain injury ...
Lee Tim H - - 2013
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is common after trauma. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a feared complication of DVT. Standard doses of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) are commonly used to prevent and treat DVT and PE. There is variable bioavailability of LMWH with standard therapy. The traditional concept that below-knee DVT is associated ...
Wu Xiaojing - - 2013
Dexmedetomidine is a new and highly selective α2-adrenoreceptor agonist with potent anti-inflammatory capacity. This study explored the effects of dexmedetomidine on regulating hemodynamics, the plasma tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) levels, immunohistochemical localization of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) from blunt chest trauma-induced pulmonary contusion in rats. ...
Inaba Kenji - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of kaolin- and chitosan-based hemostatic agents for hemorrhage control in a 14-day survival, damage-control swine model of Grade IV liver injury. A total of 48 anesthetized pigs (40 kg) underwent a 35% total blood volume bleed, cooling ...
Hardee Miranda Jo - - 2013
Appropriate imaging in renal trauma can avoid delayed recognition of collecting system injuries, allowing for prompt intervention and less morbidity. Current recommendations include obtaining abdominal and pelvic computed tomographic scans with intravenous contrast, followed by excretory images for high-grade injury or perinephric fluid. The purpose of this study was to ...
van der Wilden Gwendolyn M - - 2013
Staffing of attending intensivists 24 hours per day, 7 days per week (24/7) in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) has unknown benefits. We hypothesized that 24/7 attending intensivist staffing in the SICU would improve outcomes and processes of care. We retrospectively reviewed 26 months of admissions to our 20-bed ...
Quigley Matthew R - - 2013
Mild traumatic brain injury is a clinical diagnosis predicated on a patient's neurologic status and encompasses a variety of pathologies on computed tomography. We wondered whether isolated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (iSAH) without other intracranial pathologic diagnosis is a more benign form of minor head injury that does not warrant extensive ...
Golden Robert D - - 2013
Measures of pubic symphyseal widening are used by at least two classification systems as determinants of injury grade. Recent work has challenged the commonly used parameter of 2.5 cm of pubic symphysis as an accurate marker of pelvic injury grade and has suggested a role of rotation in the flexion-extension ...
Stahel Philip F - - 2013
In contrast to the established principles of "damage-control orthopedics" for temporary external fixation of long bone or pelvic fractures, the "ideal" timing and modality of fixation of unstable spine fractures in severely injured patients remains controversial. A prospective cohort study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a ...
de Mestral Charles - - 2013
The management of a mangled lower extremity is complex and requires consideration of a patient's injury pattern, medical history, social context, and preference. The Lower Extremity Assessment Project provides the highest level of evidence guiding management; however, the Lower Extremity Assessment Project cohort was recruited 15 years ago and was ...
Ballian Nikiforos - - 2013
The surgical treatment of acute colonic diverticulitis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, patient and operative characteristics associated with mortality in this patient population are unclear. We hypothesize that demographic and perioperative variables can be used to predict postoperative mortality.The purpose of this study was to identify perioperative ...
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