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Kumar Rajendra - - 2013
We present a rare osteochondroma, which instead of being the usual exophytic growth outside bone, grew inward into the medullary cavity of distal femur in a patient with prior trauma to his knee. Except for its intramedullary location, the benign tumor had all the classic radiographic and pathologic features of ...
Verderio Paolo - - 2013
PLGA nanoparticles are amongst the most studied polymer nanoformulations for several drugs against different kinds of malignant diseases, thank to their in vivo stability and tumor localization exploiting the well-documented "enhanced permeation and retention" (EPR) effect. In this paper, we have developed uniform curcumin-bearing PLGA nanoparticles by a single-emulsion process, ...
Burton Casey - - 2013
Since sarcosine and D,L-alanine co-elute on reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) columns and the tandem mass spectrometer cannot differentiate them due to equivalent parent and fragment ions, derivatization is often required for analysis of sarcosine in LC/MS systems. This study offers an alternative to derivatization by employing partial elimination of ...
Fisher Celia B - - 2013
The Human Genome Project and rapid technological advances in genomics have begun to enrich prevention science's contributions to understanding the role of genetic factors in the etiology, onset and escalation of mental disorders, allowing for more precise descriptions of the interplay between genetic and non-genetic influences. Understanding of ethical challenges ...
Johnson S W - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: To the best of our knowledge, there has been no published study designed to identify the most appropriate duration of antibiotic therapy in lower extremity skin and skin structure infections in diabetic patients [aka "diabetic foot infections" (DFI)] post-amputation. However, recent guidelines published by the ...
Jacobs Tevis D B - - 2013
Wear of sliding contacts leads to energy dissipation and device failure, resulting in massive economic and environmental costs. Typically, wear phenomena are described empirically, because physical and chemical interactions at sliding interfaces are not fully understood at any length scale. Fundamental insights from individual nanoscale contacts are crucial for understanding ...
Nawka T - - 2013
Microlaryngoscopy is a reliable technique and the most frequently applied method in laryngeal surgery. The design of new laryngoscopes and the application of video endoscopes may permit further improvements in laryngeal exposure, whilst minimizing the damage caused by their insertion. In contrast to this, the principle microsurgical procedures for improvement, ...
Joyce Nigel Ian - - 2013
Fast MS techniques have been applied to the analysis of sulfur volatiles in Allium species and varieties to distinguish phenotypes. Headspace sampling by proton transfer reaction (PTR) MS and surface sampling by desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) MS were used to distinguish lachrymatory factor synthase (LFS)-silenced (tearless; LFS-) onions from normal, ...
Katsiki N - - 2013
A study by Chan et al in this issue of Diabetologia (DOI: 10.1007/s00125-012-2818-4 ) reports that low plasma bilirubin levels are associated with an increased risk of amputation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus participating in the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) study. These findings raise ...
Grimes T - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The medication reconciliation process begins by identifying which medicines a patient used before presentation to hospital. This is time-consuming, labour intensive and may involve interruption of clinicians. We sought to identify the availability and accuracy of data held in a national dispensing database, relative to ...
Song Ruisheng - - 2013
Insulin resistance is a fundamental pathogenic factor present in various metabolic disorders including obesity and type 2 diabetes. Although skeletal muscle accounts for 70-90% of insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, the mechanism underlying muscle insulin resistance is poorly understood. Here we show in mice that muscle-specific mitsugumin 53 (MG53; also called TRIM72) ...
Abe Hiroki - - 2013
Site-specific cross-linking techniques between proteins and additional functional groups have become increasingly important for expanding the utility of proteins in biochemistry and biotechnology. In order to explore powerful techniques for practical bioconjugation applications, we have validated a technique mediated by a unique property of Streptcoccus pyogenes pilin subunit Spy0128, an ...
Snyder Rebecca A - - 2013
Expansion of the donor pool with expanded criteria donors and donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors is essential. DCD grafts result in increased rates of primary non-function (PNF) and delayed graft function (DGF). However, long-term patient and graft survival is similar between donation after brain death (DBD) donors and DCD ...
Harrison John D - - 2013
The mylohyoid hiatus and hernia were discovered in the nineteenth century and were considered to explain the origin of the plunging ranula from the sublingual gland. This formed the rationale for sublingual sialadenectomy for the treatment of plunging ranula. However, a more recent, extensive histological investigation reported that hernias contained ...
Li Weiping - - 2013
A highly sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) immunoassay was incorporated into a low-cost microfluidic paper-based analytical device (μ-PAD) to fabricate a facile paper-based CL immunodevice (denoted as μ-PCLI). This μ-PCLI was constructed by covalently immobilizing capture antibody on a chitosan membrane modified μ-PADs, which was developed by simple wax printing methodology. TiO(2) ...
Dalby R B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cerebral deep white matter lesions (DWMLs), and measures of white matter integrity in patients with late-onset depression, with respect to vascular risk factors. METHOD: We examined 22 patients with late-onset depression and 22 matched ...
Oeken J - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: It is recommended that a stapedotomy be performed under local anaesthesia to enable intraoperative monitoring of hearing and vestibular function. In contrast, we prefer to carry out stapedotomies under general anesthesia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this practice has an adverse effect on hearing results. ...
Kostrominova Tatiana Y - - 2013
The musculoskeletal system (muscle-tendon-bone) demonstrates numerous age-related changes, with modifications in tendons the least well studied, although increased predisposition to tendinopathy and rupture have been reported. In order to gain insights into the basis of age-associated increase in tendon injuries, we compared Achilles and tibialis anterior tendons and myotendinous junctions ...
Sperança Adriane - - 2013
This report describes the synthesis of 4-organoselenyl-isoxazoles via FeCl3/RSeSeR-mediated intramolecular cyclization of alkynone O-methyloximes. The optimized conditions allowed the cyclization to proceed at room temperature, under ambient atmosphere and the reaction requires a short time to be completed. The reaction conditions tolerated neutral, electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups present in both ...
Miranda-Utrera Natalia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In 2005, our center started a donation after cardiac death (DACD) program, by which patients who present an irreversible cardiac arrest outside hospital are brought to our center with the purpose of organ donation. We reviewed the outcomes of our program of kidney transplants from DACD. METHODS: We conducted ...
Shafiei Farbod - - 2013
The lack of symmetry between electric and magnetic charges, a fundamental consequence of the small value of the fine-structure constant, is directly related to the weakness of magnetic effects in optical materials. Properly tailored plasmonic nanoclusters have been proposed recently to induce artificial optical magnetism based on the principle that ...
Baijulal B - - 2013
The present paper deals with the distribution of sediment and sediment-bound nutrients in two important coastal lagoons of southern Kerala such as the Ashtamudi Estuarine Lagoon in the Kollam district and the Kadinamkulam Lagoon in the Thiruvananthapuram district. Among the two lagoons, the former is coast perpendicular, and the latter ...
Duke Stephen O - - 2013
For a little over a decade, omics methods (transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and physionomics) have been used to discover and probe the mode of action of both synthetic and natural phytotoxins. For mode of action discovery, the strategy for each of these approaches is to generate an omics profile for phytotoxins ...
Vu Van-Hieu - - 2013
Transport is an essential sector in modern societies. It connects economic sectors and industries. Next to its contribution to economic development and social interconnection, it also causes adverse impacts on the environment and results in health hazards. Transport is a major source of ground air pollution, especially in urban areas, ...
Tribius S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Xerostomia is a debilitating side effect of radiotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer. We undertook a prospective study of the effect on xerostomia and outcomes of sparing one or both parotid glands during radiotherapy for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. METHODS AND ...
Khaireddin R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Blepharitis due to Meibom gland dysfunction (MGD) is presumed to be one of the main reasons for dry eye symptoms which occur in up to 50% of contact lens users. Thus, MGD presumably plays an important role in dry eye in contact lens wearers. In the present prospective, randomized ...
Fagot Joël - - 2013
Analogical reasoning is a cornerstone of human cognition, but the extent and limits of analogical reasoning in animals remains unclear. Recent studies have demonstrated that apes and monkeys can match relations with relations, suggesting that these species have the basic abilities for analogical reasoning. However, analogical reasoning in humans entails ...
Sistanizad M - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The causes of drug-induced liver injury vary worldwide, with limited data regarding drug-induced hepatotoxicity in Australia. This study sought to provide information about the incidence, causes and clinical manifestations of drug-induced hepatotoxicity. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on all adult inpatients with abnormal liver ...
Müller Constanze - - 2013
Infections with Chlamydia pneumoniae cause several respiratory diseases, such as community-acquired pneumonia, bronchitis or sinusitis. Here, we present an integrated non-targeted metabolomics analysis applying ultra-high-resolution mass spectrometry and ultra-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry to determine metabolite alterations in C. pneumoniae-infected HEp-2 cells. Most important permutations are elaborated using uni- and ...
Lohmann K - - 2013
A number of genetic causes of movement disorders including Parkinson disease, dystonia, restless legs syndrome or essential tremor have been elucidated in recent years. This process was accelerated by novel technologies including genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and next generation sequencing (NGS). Although monogenic forms are overall rare, they provide a ...
Berghoff Anna S - - 2013
Upon disease progression on trastuzumab-based therapy, patients with HER-2 positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) may switch to lapatinib or continue on trastuzumab. We aimed to assess the impact of both strategies on overall survival (OS) in all patients treated for HER-2 positive MBC at the Medical University Vienna from 1999 ...
Kingma Boris R M - - 2013
Skin blood flow (SBF) is a key player in human thermoregulation during mild thermal challenges. Various numerical models of SBF regulation exist. However, none explicitly incorporates the neurophysiology of thermal reception. This study tested a new SBF model that is in line with experimental data on thermal reception and the ...
Fatmi Wided - - 2013
Diabetes mellitus is associated to a reduction of antioxidant defenses that leads to oxidative stress and complications in diabetic individuals. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of selenium on blood biochemical parameters, antioxidant enzyme activities, and tissue zinc levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats fed a zinc-deficient diet. ...
Fadloun Anas - - 2013
How a more plastic chromatin state is maintained and reversed during development is unknown. Heterochromatin-mediated silencing of repetitive elements occurs in differentiated cells. Here, we used repetitive elements, including retrotransposons, as model loci to address how and when heterochromatin forms during development. RNA sequencing throughout early mouse embryogenesis revealed that ...
Talirz Leopold - - 2013
Atomically precise graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) can be obtained via thermally induced polymerization of suitable precursor molecules on a metal surface. This communication discusses the atomic structure found at the termini of armchair GNRs obtained via this bottom-up approach. The short zigzag edge at the termini of the GNRs under study ...
Quansah Joycelyn K - - 2013
The effect of thermal and ultrasonic treatment of cowpea proteins (CP) on amino acid composition, radical scavenging and reducing potential of hydrolysates (CPH) obtained from in vitro simulated gastrointestinal digestion of CP was evaluated. Hydrolysis of native and treated CP with gastrointestinal pepsin and pancreatin yielded CPH that displayed antioxidant ...
Yu Shimeng - - 2013
Neuromorphic computing is an emerging computing paradigm beyond the conventional digital von Neumann computation. An oxide-based resistive switching memory has been engineered to emulate synaptic devices. At the device level, the gradual resistance modulation has been characterized by hundreds of identical pulses, achieving a low energy consumption of less than ...
Han Dong-Wook - - 2013
Porous and coarse (5 ~ 10 μm) LiFePO4/C composites with excellent electrochemical performance were synthesized by a growth technology using nano-structured (100 ~ 200 nm) LiFePO4 as seed crystals for 2nd crystallization process. The porous and coarse LiFePO4/C presented high initial discharge capacity (~ 155 mA h g-1 at 0.1 ...
Murphy Grainne - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We describe a new imaging sign, the "superior cleft sign", identified at both symphysography and MRI, which should be used as a marker of rectus abdominis/adductor longus attachment tearing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study population of 25 patients presenting with clinically suspected sportsman's hernia, who had undergone both symphysography ...
Wakim Linda M - - 2013
Infection with influenza virus results in the deposition of anti-influenza CD8(+) resident memory T cells (T(RM) cells) in the lung. As a consequence of their location in the lung mucosal tissue, these cells are exposed to cytopathic pathogens over the life of the organism and may themselves be susceptible to ...
Alex A F - - 2013
Resveratrol is a polyphenol with various properties. Oncological studies have shown an excellent anti-carcinogenic effect. Due to many overlaps between tumor-mediating signaling pathways and those which mediate neovascularization and proliferation in retinal diseases, this review intends to focus on studies about the application of resveratrol in diseases of the eye ...
Erken Martina - - 2013
Bacteria in the environment must survive predation from bacteriophage, heterotrophic protists, and predatory bacteria. This selective pressure has resulted in the evolution of a variety of defense mechanisms, which can also function as virulence factors. Here we discuss the potential dual function of some of the mechanisms, which protect against ...
Zhang Shu-Yu - - 2013
We report an efficient method for the alkylation of γ-C(sp3)-H bonds of picolinamide (PA)-protected aliphatic amine substrates with primary alkyl iodides via palladium catalysis. Ag2CO3 and dibenzyl phosphate (BnO)2PO2H are critical promoters of this reaction. These reactions provide a convenient and straightforward method for the preparation of high-value N-containing products ...
Lee Seung Goo - - 2013
The evaporation-induced self-alignment of semiconductor nanowires is achieved using wrinkled elastomeric templates. The wrinkled templates, which have a surface topography that can be tuned via changes in the mechanical strain, are used as both a template to align the nanowires and as a stamp to transfer the aligned nanowires to ...
Laborie Lene Bjerke - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Normative references for radiographic measurements commonly used in the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip at skeletal maturity are incomplete. The present study therefore aimed to establish new gender-specific standards for measurements reflecting the acetabular morphology, namely Sharp's angle, the acetabular roof angle of Tönnis (AA) and the ...
Shulan Mollie - - 2013
Hospital readmission rate has been broadly accepted as a quality measure and cost driver. However, success in reducing readmissions has been elusive. In the US, almost 20 % of Medicare inpatients are rehospitalized within 30 days, which amounts to a cost of $17 billion. Given the skyrocketing healthcare cost, policymakers, researchers and ...
Tischer S - - 2013
The new human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B*58:21 allele differs from B*58:01:01 by an amino acid exchange at codon 90.
Shorter Edward - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possibility that autism, catatonia and psychoses in children are different manifestations of a single underlying form of brain pathology - a kind of 'Iron Triangle' of symptomatology - rather than three separate illnesses. METHOD: Systematic evaluation of historical case literature on autism to determine if catatonic ...
Geifman Nophar - - 2013
Age is an important factor when considering phenotypic changes in health and disease. Currently, the use of age information in medicine is somewhat simplistic, with ages commonly being grouped into a small number of crude ranges reflecting the major stages of development and aging, such as childhood or adolescence. Here, ...
Israni Ajay K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Chronic allograft dysfunction (CGD) is a common outcome in kidney transplants, but its pathogenesis is unclear. We investigated the CGD phenotype and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with CGD. METHOD: This prospective study enrolled 2336 transplants from seven transplant centers in North America. CGD was defined as a >25% rise ...
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