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Hornillos Valentín - - 2013
A Cu(I)-phosphoramidite-based catalytic system that allows asymmetric allyl-allyl cross coupling with high enantioselectivity is reported. This transformation tolerates a large variety of functionalized substrates. The versatility of this new reaction is illustrated in the catalytic asymmetric synthesis of the Martinelline alkaloids chromene derivate-core.
Catalano Peter J - - 2013
Balloon dilation technology (BDT), also known as balloon sinuplasty, has been in clinical use since September, 2005. Prior to BDT, surgeons performed a procedure called FESS, or functional endoscopic sinus surgery, for patients with chronic sinusitis. As is true with any new technology or procedure in medicine, a debate often ...
Douglas R G - - 2013
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is central to regulation of blood pressure and electrolyte homeostasis. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), a key protease in the RAS, has a range of substrates, including N-acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (Ac-SDKP). Ac-SDKP is cleared almost exclusively by ACE and specifically by the N-domain active site of this enzyme. Ac-SDKP is ...
Doros Gheorghe - - 2013
Previous authors have proposed the sequential parallel comparison design (SPCD) to address the issue of high placebo response rate in clinical trials. The original use of SPCD focused on binary outcomes, but recent use has since been extended to continuous outcomes that arise more naturally in many fields, including psychiatry. ...
Rotaru Aurelian - - 2013
The nanoscale manipulation and charge transport properties of the [Fe(Htrz)(2) (trz)](BF(4) ) spin-crossover compound is demonstrated. Such 1D spin-crossover nanostructures are attractive building blocks for nanoelectronic switching and memory devices.
Kiang Jennifer D - - 2013
Microscale and nanoscale surface topography changes can influence cell functions, including morphology. Although in vitro responses to static topography are novel, cells in vivo constantly remodel topography. To better understand how cells respond to changes in topography over time, we developed a soft polyacrylamide hydrogel with magnetic nickel microwires randomly ...
Feng Meng - - 2013
Many colonies of macaques (Macaca fascicularis and Macaca mulatta) are maintained in China, especially in Guangxi and Guizhou. A total of 803 fresh stool samples infected with Entamoeba were obtained from three big colonies of macaques located in southwest China. The samples were examined for the presence of five Entamoeba ...
Nóbrega G N - - 2013
Iron and sulfur are key elements in the biogeochemistry of estuarine soils, in which Fe and sulfate reduction (SR) pathways are important for organic matter decomposition. In the semi-arid coast of NE Brazil, mangroves are characterized by large seasonal variations in weather and the presence of numerous shrimp farms. The ...
Yang Long - - 2013
SiO(2) nanosheets (SNS) have been prepared by a chemical method using montmorillonite as raw material and were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. SiO(2) nanosheet-Nafion nanocomposites with excellent conductivity, catalytic activity, and biocompatibility provided an extremely hydrophilic surface for biomolecule adhesion. Chitosan was used as a cross-linker to ...
Tsiantou V - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Prescribing represents an important medical action especially in primary care. However, irrational prescribing is common and has an impact on clinical and economic outcomes. Therefore, there is a growing need to rationalize prescribing. Knowledge of influential factors is crucial for achieving this. The aim of ...
Zheng Dan - - 2013
Four new prenylindole derivatives, (R)-6-(2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylbutyl)indole (1), (R)-6-(2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylbutyl)indolin-2-one (2), and an unseparated mixture of (Z)-6-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)indolin-2-one (3a) and (E)-6-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)indolin-2-one (3b) with a ratio of 3 : 2, were isolated from the culture broth of a streptomycete isolated from Ailuropoda melanoleuca feces. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic ...
Zhao Qingzhen - - 2013
Protein ubiquitination requires the concerted action of three enzymes: ubiquitin activating enzyme (E1), ubiquitin conjugating enzyme (E2) and ubiquitin ligase (E3). These ubiquitination enzymes belong to an abundant protein family that is encoded in all eukaryotic genomes. Describing their biochemical characteristics is an important part of their functional analysis. It ...
Guerrero Erick G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate disparities in substance abuse treatment completion between and within racial and ethnic groups in publicly funded treatment in Los Angeles County, California. DATA SOURCE: The Los Angeles County Participant Reporting System with multicross-sectional annual data (2006-2009) for adult participants (n = 16,637) who received treatment from publicly funded programs ...
Sobel Jack D - - 2013
Mixed vaginitis is due to the simultaneous presence of at least two vaginal pathogens, both contributing to an abnormal vaginal milieu and, hence, symptoms and signs of vaginitis. In mixed vaginitis, both pathogens require specific therapy for complete eradication of concurrent manifestations. In coinfection, although two pathogens are identified, a ...
Ghassemi Alireza - - 2013
The iliac bone crest is one of the most valuable regions for harvesting bone grafts, both vascularized and nonvascularized. Since the first commendable description of this region as a possible source for vascularized bone flaps by Taylor, little relevant information concerning the variations of the deep circumflex iliac vessels and ...
Maran Avudaiappan - - 2013
Osteosarcoma is a bone tumor that affects children and young adults. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME), a naturally occurring estrogen metabolite, kills osteosarcoma cells, but does not affect normal osteoblasts. In order to effectively target osteosarcoma and improve the therapeutic index of the drug 2-ME, we have encapsulated 2-ME in a composite of ...
Bode Stefan - - 2013
Self-healing coating based on metallopolymers are prepared and fully characterized. Iron bisterpyridine complexes are incorporated into a polymer network based on methacrylates, resulting in self-healing properties of these materials. Moreover, the influence of the comonomers on the thermal properties is studied in detail.
Rose Nancy C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: First-trimester aneuploidy screening has high detection rates and low false-positive rates. Their use as well as the implementation of non-invasive prenatal testing may affect specialty training in prenatal diagnosis procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study of first-trimester aneuploidy screening and amniocentesis in an obstetric training program. Screening methods were tracked ...
Koski Kristie J - - 2013
Spider silks possess nature's most exceptional mechanical properties, with unrivalled extensibility and high tensile strength. Unfortunately, our understanding of silks is limited because the complete elastic response has never been measured-leaving a stark lack of essential fundamental information. Using non-invasive, non-destructive Brillouin light scattering, we obtain the entire stiffness tensors ...
Saulou Claire - - 2013
The present work was focused on elucidating biochemical changes in the model bacterium Escherichia coli exposed to ionic silver mediated stress, at a single-cell scale. In order to achieve this, in situ synchrotron Fourier-transform infrared (sFTIR) microspectroscopy was performed, for the first time, on individual cells by attenuated total reflectance ...
Miernik A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The recently introduced Freiburg index of patient satisfaction (FIPS) is a new questionnaire to assess treatment-related patient satisfaction after surgery and interventional procedures. The questionnaire had first been tested psychometrically in a mixed population of urology patients. The current study describes the results of an interdisciplinary validation. In addition, ...
Nishimura Takahiro - - 2013
Iridium-catalyzed [3 + 2] annulation of cyclic N-sulfonyl ketimines with 1,3-dienes proceeded to give aminoindane derivatives in high yields with high regio- and dia-stereoselectivity, where an aryliridium intermediate is formed via C-H activation.
Kumar Rajendra - - 2013
We present a rare osteochondroma, which instead of being the usual exophytic growth outside bone, grew inward into the medullary cavity of distal femur in a patient with prior trauma to his knee. Except for its intramedullary location, the benign tumor had all the classic radiographic and pathologic features of ...
Verderio Paolo - - 2013
PLGA nanoparticles are amongst the most studied polymer nanoformulations for several drugs against different kinds of malignant diseases, thank to their in vivo stability and tumor localization exploiting the well-documented "enhanced permeation and retention" (EPR) effect. In this paper, we have developed uniform curcumin-bearing PLGA nanoparticles by a single-emulsion process, ...
Burton Casey - - 2013
Since sarcosine and D,L-alanine co-elute on reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) columns and the tandem mass spectrometer cannot differentiate them due to equivalent parent and fragment ions, derivatization is often required for analysis of sarcosine in LC/MS systems. This study offers an alternative to derivatization by employing partial elimination of ...
Johnson S W - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: To the best of our knowledge, there has been no published study designed to identify the most appropriate duration of antibiotic therapy in lower extremity skin and skin structure infections in diabetic patients [aka "diabetic foot infections" (DFI)] post-amputation. However, recent guidelines published by the ...
Jacobs Tevis D B - - 2013
Wear of sliding contacts leads to energy dissipation and device failure, resulting in massive economic and environmental costs. Typically, wear phenomena are described empirically, because physical and chemical interactions at sliding interfaces are not fully understood at any length scale. Fundamental insights from individual nanoscale contacts are crucial for understanding ...
Nawka T - - 2013
Microlaryngoscopy is a reliable technique and the most frequently applied method in laryngeal surgery. The design of new laryngoscopes and the application of video endoscopes may permit further improvements in laryngeal exposure, whilst minimizing the damage caused by their insertion. In contrast to this, the principle microsurgical procedures for improvement, ...
Joyce Nigel Ian - - 2013
Fast MS techniques have been applied to the analysis of sulfur volatiles in Allium species and varieties to distinguish phenotypes. Headspace sampling by proton transfer reaction (PTR) MS and surface sampling by desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) MS were used to distinguish lachrymatory factor synthase (LFS)-silenced (tearless; LFS-) onions from normal, ...
Katsiki N - - 2013
A study by Chan et al in this issue of Diabetologia (DOI: 10.1007/s00125-012-2818-4 ) reports that low plasma bilirubin levels are associated with an increased risk of amputation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus participating in the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) study. These findings raise ...
Grimes T - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The medication reconciliation process begins by identifying which medicines a patient used before presentation to hospital. This is time-consuming, labour intensive and may involve interruption of clinicians. We sought to identify the availability and accuracy of data held in a national dispensing database, relative to ...
Song Ruisheng - - 2013
Insulin resistance is a fundamental pathogenic factor present in various metabolic disorders including obesity and type 2 diabetes. Although skeletal muscle accounts for 70-90% of insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, the mechanism underlying muscle insulin resistance is poorly understood. Here we show in mice that muscle-specific mitsugumin 53 (MG53; also called TRIM72) ...
Abe Hiroki - - 2013
Site-specific cross-linking techniques between proteins and additional functional groups have become increasingly important for expanding the utility of proteins in biochemistry and biotechnology. In order to explore powerful techniques for practical bioconjugation applications, we have validated a technique mediated by a unique property of Streptcoccus pyogenes pilin subunit Spy0128, an ...
Snyder Rebecca A - - 2013
Expansion of the donor pool with expanded criteria donors and donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors is essential. DCD grafts result in increased rates of primary non-function (PNF) and delayed graft function (DGF). However, long-term patient and graft survival is similar between donation after brain death (DBD) donors and DCD ...
Harrison John D - - 2013
The mylohyoid hiatus and hernia were discovered in the nineteenth century and were considered to explain the origin of the plunging ranula from the sublingual gland. This formed the rationale for sublingual sialadenectomy for the treatment of plunging ranula. However, a more recent, extensive histological investigation reported that hernias contained ...
Li Weiping - - 2013
A highly sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) immunoassay was incorporated into a low-cost microfluidic paper-based analytical device (μ-PAD) to fabricate a facile paper-based CL immunodevice (denoted as μ-PCLI). This μ-PCLI was constructed by covalently immobilizing capture antibody on a chitosan membrane modified μ-PADs, which was developed by simple wax printing methodology. TiO(2) ...
Dalby R B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cerebral deep white matter lesions (DWMLs), and measures of white matter integrity in patients with late-onset depression, with respect to vascular risk factors. METHOD: We examined 22 patients with late-onset depression and 22 matched ...
Oeken J - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: It is recommended that a stapedotomy be performed under local anaesthesia to enable intraoperative monitoring of hearing and vestibular function. In contrast, we prefer to carry out stapedotomies under general anesthesia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this practice has an adverse effect on hearing results. ...
Kostrominova Tatiana Y - - 2013
The musculoskeletal system (muscle-tendon-bone) demonstrates numerous age-related changes, with modifications in tendons the least well studied, although increased predisposition to tendinopathy and rupture have been reported. In order to gain insights into the basis of age-associated increase in tendon injuries, we compared Achilles and tibialis anterior tendons and myotendinous junctions ...
Sperança Adriane - - 2013
This report describes the synthesis of 4-organoselenyl-isoxazoles via FeCl3/RSeSeR-mediated intramolecular cyclization of alkynone O-methyloximes. The optimized conditions allowed the cyclization to proceed at room temperature, under ambient atmosphere and the reaction requires a short time to be completed. The reaction conditions tolerated neutral, electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups present in both ...
Miranda-Utrera Natalia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In 2005, our center started a donation after cardiac death (DACD) program, by which patients who present an irreversible cardiac arrest outside hospital are brought to our center with the purpose of organ donation. We reviewed the outcomes of our program of kidney transplants from DACD. METHODS: We conducted ...
Shafiei Farbod - - 2013
The lack of symmetry between electric and magnetic charges, a fundamental consequence of the small value of the fine-structure constant, is directly related to the weakness of magnetic effects in optical materials. Properly tailored plasmonic nanoclusters have been proposed recently to induce artificial optical magnetism based on the principle that ...
Baijulal B - - 2013
The present paper deals with the distribution of sediment and sediment-bound nutrients in two important coastal lagoons of southern Kerala such as the Ashtamudi Estuarine Lagoon in the Kollam district and the Kadinamkulam Lagoon in the Thiruvananthapuram district. Among the two lagoons, the former is coast perpendicular, and the latter ...
Duke Stephen O - - 2013
For a little over a decade, omics methods (transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and physionomics) have been used to discover and probe the mode of action of both synthetic and natural phytotoxins. For mode of action discovery, the strategy for each of these approaches is to generate an omics profile for phytotoxins ...
Vu Van-Hieu - - 2013
Transport is an essential sector in modern societies. It connects economic sectors and industries. Next to its contribution to economic development and social interconnection, it also causes adverse impacts on the environment and results in health hazards. Transport is a major source of ground air pollution, especially in urban areas, ...
Tribius S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Xerostomia is a debilitating side effect of radiotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer. We undertook a prospective study of the effect on xerostomia and outcomes of sparing one or both parotid glands during radiotherapy for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. METHODS AND ...
Khaireddin R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Blepharitis due to Meibom gland dysfunction (MGD) is presumed to be one of the main reasons for dry eye symptoms which occur in up to 50% of contact lens users. Thus, MGD presumably plays an important role in dry eye in contact lens wearers. In the present prospective, randomized ...
Fagot Joël - - 2013
Analogical reasoning is a cornerstone of human cognition, but the extent and limits of analogical reasoning in animals remains unclear. Recent studies have demonstrated that apes and monkeys can match relations with relations, suggesting that these species have the basic abilities for analogical reasoning. However, analogical reasoning in humans entails ...
Sistanizad M - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The causes of drug-induced liver injury vary worldwide, with limited data regarding drug-induced hepatotoxicity in Australia. This study sought to provide information about the incidence, causes and clinical manifestations of drug-induced hepatotoxicity. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on all adult inpatients with abnormal liver ...
Müller Constanze - - 2013
Infections with Chlamydia pneumoniae cause several respiratory diseases, such as community-acquired pneumonia, bronchitis or sinusitis. Here, we present an integrated non-targeted metabolomics analysis applying ultra-high-resolution mass spectrometry and ultra-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry to determine metabolite alterations in C. pneumoniae-infected HEp-2 cells. Most important permutations are elaborated using uni- and ...
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