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Results 451 - 500 of 4464
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Vernooij Eva - - 2013
Drawing on an exploratory qualitative case study investigating everyday practices within an antenatal clinic in rural Uganda, this paper investigates the dynamics of consent and counselling within a prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programme, from the perspectives of various health professionals involved at different stages of the PMTCT trajectory. ...
Ge Jin - - 2013
Stretching the role of a conductor: A new kind of polyurethane sponge-Ag nanowire-poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PUS-AgNW-PDMS) stretchable conductors can be easily fabricated based on a novel binary network structure design, which greatly enhances their electronic performance. These PUS-AgNW-PDMS elastomeric conductors show improved electromechanical stability compared to previously reported stretchable conductors.
Morris Megan A - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To study the experiences of adults who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems and methods when interacting with medical providers, specifically primary care providers. Method: Individual face-to-face interviews were conducted with 12 participants, four of whom also participated in an online focus group. Diagnoses of the participants ...
Simos Panagiotis G - - 2013
The study explores the potential clinical value of reading fluency measures in complementing demographic variables as indices of current intellectual capacity. IQ estimates (based on the PPVT-R, WASI Vocabulary and Block Design subtests) were obtained from a representative, non-clinical sample of 386 Greek adults aged 48-87 years along with two ...
Estrada Higinio - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze NLRP7 mutation frequency in 20 Mexican patients with recurrent hydatidiform moles (RHMs). PATIENTS: Twenty patients with RHMs, 50 couples with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), and 100 controls were included in the study. Molecular analysis of the NLRP7 coding region was performed ...
Scarmo Stephanie S Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, 60 College Street, PO Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520-8034, - - 2013
Resonance Raman spectroscopy (RRS) is a non-invasive method of assessing carotenoid status in the skin, which has been suggested as an objective indicator of fruit/vegetable intake. The present study assessed agreement and identified predictors of single v. multiple RRS measures of skin carotenoid status. A total of seventy-four participants had ...
Tait S - - 2013
Interaction of tumour cells with their microenvironment impacts on all aspects of cancer, ranging from development through to treatment response. In this issue, Dvorak and colleagues(1) reveal a novel tumour/microevironment relationship that may drive leukemia pathogenesis. Specifically, they find that leukemic cells secrete chromatin-complexed DNA that, in turn, triggers a ...
McMahon Aisling - - 2013
This study aimed to provide the first detailed survey of Irish psychologists' supervision practices as well as to identify what is related to satisfaction with supervisory support and to confidence in providing supervision. An online survey was distributed nationwide to Irish psychologists. Participants were mostly clinical and counselling psychologists. Three-quarters ...
Leonard Anthony P AP Medical University of South Carolina, Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, Charleston, SC 29425, - - 2013
We report the development of a method to analyze receptor and β-arrestin2 mobilization between Class A and B GPCRs via time-resolved fluorescent microscopy coupled with semiautomated high-content multiparametric analysis. Using transiently expressed, tagged β2-adrenergic receptor (β₂-AR) or parathyroid hormone receptor type 1 (PTH₁R), we quantified trafficking of the receptors along ...
Ding Chengli - - 2013
The ethyl acetate fraction (EE-DS) from Dianthus superbus was found to possess the cytotoxic activity against cancer cells in previous study. To investigate cytotoxic constituents, the bioassay-guided isolation of compounds from EE-DS was performed. Two dianthramides (1 and 2), three flavonoids (3-5), two coumarins (6 and 7) and three other ...
Hutton Carlsen K - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To find the prevalence of complaints in people having tattoos, with emphasis on chronic complaints, photosensitivity and photodynamic events. METHODS: Individuals sunbathing from June to September 2011 at the beaches of Denmark were invited to participate as they are prone to report tattoos and sun habits reliably. Sun-related and ...
Treister N - - 2013
Oral chronic GVHD (cGVHD) is a serious complication of alloSCT. Scales and instruments to measure oral cGVHD activity and severity have not been prospectively validated. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of oral cGVHD and determine the measures most sensitive to change. Patients enrolled in the ...
Hilchie Ashley L - - 2013
Abstract Multiple myeloma is a common hematological malignancy that urgently requires new approaches to treatment since the disease is not curable using current chemotherapeutic regimens. The aim of this study was to determine whether human and mouse multiple myeloma cells are killed by the pleurocidin-like cationic antimicrobial peptides NRC-03 and ...
Ji Yan-Li - - 2013
Cadmium (Cd) is a reproductive toxicant that induces germ cell apoptosis in the testes. Previous studies have demonstrated that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in Cd-induced germ cell apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, on Cd-induced ER stress ...
Retamal Jaime - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Cyclic recruitment-derecruitment and overdistension contribute to ventilator induced lung injury. Tidal volume (Vt) may influence both, cyclic recruitment-derecruitment and overdistension. The goal of this study was to determine if decreasing Vt from 6 to 4 ml/kg reduces cyclic recruitment-derecruitment and hyperinflation, and if it is possible to avoid ...
Wang Wence - - 2013
Intestinal amino acid (AA) transport is critical for the supply of AA to other tissues. Few studies regarding AA intestinal transport systems during the period from postnatal intense development of piglets until weaning are available. In the present study, we measured the intestinal expression of b0,+AT according to developmental stage ...
Zeng Yun Ting - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Lithium is an activator of β-catenin signaling and β-catenin plays an important role in regulating bone formation and remodeling. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of lithium on bone repair in tooth extraction sockets in rats. Material and methods. Twenty male Wistar rats were ...
von Toerne Christine - - 2013
Male New Zealand Obese (NZO) mice progress through pathophysiological stages similar to humans developing obesity-associated type 2 diabetes (T2D). The current challenge is to establish quantitative proteomics from small plasma sample amounts. We established an analytical workflow that facilitates a reproducible depletion of high-abundance proteins, has high throughput applicability, and ...
Zhou Jian - - 2013
Inertial microfluidics has been attracting considerable interest in recent years due to immensely promising applications in cell biology. Despite the intense attention, the primary focus has been on development of inertial microfluidic devices with less emphasis paid to elucidation of the inertial focusing mechanics. The incomplete understanding, and sometimes confusing ...
Kundu Suman - - 2013
o-Imino-p-R'-benzosemiquinone anion radical (L(R')(IS)˙(-)) complexes of oxidovanadium(iv) of type [(L(1)(R-))(VO(2+))(L(R')(IS)˙(-))] (R = H, R' = H, ; R = H, R' = -CMe(3), ; R = -CMe(3), R' = H, and R = -CMe(3), R' = -CMe(3), ) incorporating the redox-innocent tridentate NNO-donor L(1)(R-) ligands (L(1)(R)H = 2,4-di-R-6-{(2-(pyridin-2-yl)hydrazono)methyl}phenol) were isolated ...
Reynolds M R MR 1] Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA [2] Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA [3] Molecular Targets Group, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, - - 2014
Retinoblastoma (Rb) protein is a tumor suppressor that is dysregulated in a majority of human cancers. Rb functions to inhibit cell cycle progression in part by directly disabling the E2F family of cell cycle-promoting transcription factors. Because the de novo synthesis of multiple glutamine-derived anabolic precursors is required for cell ...
Minasian Stefan G - - 2013
Advancing theories of how metal-oxygen bonding influences metal oxo properties can expose new avenues for innovation in materials science, catalysis, and biochemistry. Historically, spectroscopic analyses of the transition metal MO(4)(x-) anions have formed the basis for new M-O bonding theories. Herein, relative changes in M-O orbital mixing in MO(4)(2-) (M ...
Solinger Jachen A - - 2013
Endocytosis describes the processes by which proteins, peptides and solutes but also pathogens enter the cell. Endocytosed material continues its way to endosomes. Genetic studies in yeast, worms, flies, and mammals have identified a set of universally conserved proteins that are essential for early-to-late endosome transition, lysosome biogenesis, and for ...
Neragi-Miandoab Siyamek - - 2013
Rupture of the ventricular septum occurs in 1% to 2% of all acute myocardial infarctions (MI) requiring surgical intervention in the majority of cases. Furthermore, patch dehiscence and residual shunt are major problems following repair in the acute stage. A delay in repair may prevent patch dehiscence. We now describe ...
Williams Brett - - 2013
Introduction Paramedics rely on establishing a health provider-patient relationship with patients that promotes two-way communication, patient satisfaction, and facilitates appropriate patient assessment and treatment. Paramedics also must have an ability to empathize with patients and their family members in order to develop a successful health provider-patient relationship. The objective of ...
Mutahir Zeeshan - - 2013
Thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) provides a crucial precursor, thymidine monophosphate (dTMP), for nucleic acid synthesis, and the activity of TK1 increases up to 200-fold during the S-phase of cell division in humans. An important part of the regulatory check-points is the ATP and enzyme concentration-dependent transition of TK1 from a ...
Rumbold A - - 2013
The closure of rural maternity units in Australia means an increasing number of women are transferred into major centres to await birth. Accurately excluding the onset of labour could delay relocation. The fetal fibronectin (fFN) test is used to predict preterm birth; however, the accuracy of this test for determining ...
Das Anshuman J - - 2013
A light harvesting device geometry is implemented for polymer solar cells that retain efficiency when the device area is scaled up. Patterning devices and incorporating suitable fluorescent dye doped polymers in the spaces between the patterns leads to 12% efficiency enhancement. Vacuum free deposition of electrodes is carried out using ...
Ren Wenkai - - 2013
The present study was conducted to evaluate the immune-enhancing effects of dietary l-glutamine supplementation in porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)-infected mice, and to examine the clearance effects of glutamine against PCV2 in experimentally infected mice. A total of sixty Kunming female mice were infected with PCV2 at a dose of ...
Li Li - - 2013
A novel hierarchical star-like Co(3)O(4) was successfully synthesized from self-assembled hierarchical Co(OH)F precursors via a facile hydrothermal method and subsequent annealing in air. The morphological evolution process of the Co(OH)F precursors was investigated by examining the different reaction times during synthesis. First, hexagonal plates are formed, and then nanodiscs grow ...
Krüger Tormod B - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To assess reported cases of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BONJ) to Medicines Agencies (MAs) in four Nordic countries and to compare the Norwegian MA data with BONJ cases retrieved through an e-mail survey to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (OMS) in Norway. Material and methods. BONJ cases reported ...
Kawada T - - 2013
I read with interest the paper by Badawi et al. on the association between self-rated health and depression of patients with diabetes [1], which was followed up by the 3-year incidence of depression by the same authors [2]. In their cross-sectional study [1], Badawi et al. described a significant relationship between depression ...
Mettler Lisa N LN Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, - - 2013
To investigate brain white matter (WM) functionality in bulimia nervosa (BN) in relation to anxiety. Twenty-one control women (CW, mean age 27 ± 7 years) and 20 BN women (mean age 25 ± 5 years) underwent brain diffusion tensor imaging to measure fractional anisotropy (FA; an indication of WM axon ...
Huang Junwei - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Salvage transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) may be a curative organ-preserving treatment for early recurrent glottic carcinoma after primary laser resection. However, failure after TLM seems to be associated with decrease of survival and larynx preservation rates. Objective: To evaluate the oncological results of salvage TLM for early recurrent ...
Amankwah Ernest K - - 2013
Recent evidence shows that certain microRNAs (miRNAs) play a role in both obesity and prostate cancer recurrence, but the association between the expression of these miRNAs and obesity in prostate cancer recurrence is unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of the interaction between obesity and miR-21, miR-221 or ...
Swartzlander Ty K - - 2013
Hyperemesis gravidarum is a serious systemic disorder of pregnant women characterized by intractable vomiting resulting in metabolic, biochemical, and hematologic changes. Enteral nutrition has been used successfully and has a lower complication rate than parenteral nutrition. Tube feeding requires location of the feeding tube tip before the infusion of nutritional ...
Mitchison Deborah - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine sex differences in the prevalence and impact of specific eating disorder features on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHOD: A general population sample of men (n = 1,479) and women (n = 1,555) completed interviews that assessed HRQoL (Medical Outcomes Study Short Form, SF-36), and current regular ...
Yang Shang-Wu - - 2013
It is well known that extracellular signal-regulated kinase 8 (ERK8) plays pivotal roles in various mitotic events. But its physiological roles in oocyte meiotic maturation remain unclear. In this study, we found that although no specific ERK8 signal was detected in oocyte at the germinal vesicle stage, ERK8 began to ...
Williams Makeda J - - 2013
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Summer Curriculum on Cancer Prevention provides scientists and health care professionals training in principles and practices of cancer prevention and control, and molecular biology and genetics of cancer. Originally intended for US scientists, the curriculum's enrollment of international scientists has increased steadily. The objective of ...
Liu Yuanyue - - 2013
Boron synthesis, in theory: Although two-dimensional boron sheets have attracted considerable interest because of their theoretically predicted properties, synthesis of such sheets remains a challenge. The feasibility of different synthetic methods for two-dimensional boron sheets (red, see figure) was assessed using first-principles calculations, possibly paving the way towards its application ...
San Boi Hoa - - 2013
Purpose: For the potential application of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) in hyperthermia therapy, the heating efficiency of PtNPs in the presence of radiofrequency (RF) current generated by a capacitive electric transfer (CET) system was compared with that of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Materials and methods: PtNPs and AuNPs synthesised by citrate capping ...
Baucal Aleksandar - - 2013
William James proposed a psychological study of religion examining people's religious experiences, and to see in what sense these were good for them. The recent developments of psychology of religion moved far from that initial proposition. In this paper, we propose a sociocultural perspective to religion that renews with that ...
Byun J - - 2013
Objective: To describe a relatively unknown clinical entity - inflammatory cast of the tympanic membrane after acute otitis media - and its simple out-patient treatment. Study design: Retrospective review of case series. Setting: Subspecialty practice at a tertiary hospital. Patients: Seven patients diagnosed previously with acute otitis media with perforation ...
Yang Rong - - 2013
A simple, inexpensive, efficient, and scalable method to create air-stable organic surface passivation layers on silicon using a vapor-phase treatment is demonstrated. A variant of initiated chemical vapor deposition is used to synthesize a thin film that acts as both a passivation layer and an antireflective coating. The lowest surface ...
Ge Chongtao - - 2013
AIMS: The internalized human pathogens in fresh produce are not effectively removed during conventional washing, therefore may cause foodborne illness when the produce is consumed raw. Thus, effective non-thermal processes are needed to prevent this risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Green fluorescence protein-tagged Salmonella Typhimurium was either sprayed on the surface ...
Staudt C B - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate pharyngeal airway changes in patients with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) longitudinally from childhood to adulthood. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Cleft Lip and Palate Unit, Clinic of Orthodontics, University of Zurich. Twenty-four patients born between 1970 and 1990 with non-syndromic PRS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms at age ...
Shiffman C A CA Physics Department, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Part I of this series showed that the five-element circuit model accurately mimics impedances measured using multi-frequency electrical impedance myography (MFEIM), focusing on changes brought on by disease. This paper addresses two requirements which must be met if the method is to qualify for clinical use. First, the extracted parameters ...
Stutterheim Sarah E - - 2013
This study explored, from a public health perspective, factors that contribute to inconsistent condom use by men in Curaçao through semi-structured face-to-face interviews with 21 heterosexual men. The findings show that there is an important disconnect between what is considered culturally appropriate sexual behaviour for men and women and condom ...
Gavid Marie - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, especially by HPV 16, is frequently detected in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The expression of viral oncoproteins in tumoral tissues of OSCCs suggests the implication of HPV in tumorogenesis. It should now be systematically detected and considered in each patient's treatment and outcome. ...
Morgan Gareth J - - 2013
Loeys-Dietz is a multisystem congenital syndrome that comprises craniofacial and cutaneous abnormalities as well as structural cardiac defects. One of its key pathological features is an aggressive widespread vasculopathy that can manifest as aortic or cerebral aneurysms, which is prone to dissection and rupture. We report a case of a ...
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