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Yang Da-Hai - - 2013
Abstract  The brassinosteroid (BR) receptor, BR insensitive 1 (BRI1), plays a critical role in plant development, but whether BRI1-mediated BR signaling is involved in plant defense responses to herbivores was largely unknown. Here, we examined the function of BRI1 in the resistance of Nicotiana attenuata to its specialist insect herbivore ...
Whitehall John - - 2013
AIM: The study aims to assess the health burden of children admitted with 'scabies' to Mt Isa Hospital, the referral centre for North West Queensland, from 2006 to 2010. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart audit of admissions of children with 'scabies' including age, sex, date, residence, Indigenous status, result ...
Chaurasia S S Cornea and Anterior Segment Services, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India. - - 2013
To describe the results of endothelial keratoplasty (EK) in the management of irido-corneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome. Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series. Eight eyes of seven patients underwent EK for corneal edema owing to ICE syndrome. Simultaneous cataract surgery was performed in five eyes. The charts were reviewed for demographics, clinical ...
Zhao Xiang-Qian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the effects of two different local resection procedures on the prognosis of ampullary cancer. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study using clinical and pathological data from patients with ampullary cancer who underwent local resection between February 1996 and February 2009 in the PLA ...
Bidon Tobias - - 2013
We report a new approach for molecular sex identification of extant Ursinae and Tremarctinae bears. Two Y-specific fragments (SMCY and 318.2) and one X-specific fragment (ZFX) are amplified in a multiplex PCR, yielding a double test for male-specific amplification and an internal positive control. The primers were designed and tested ...
Garmon Christopher - - 2013
This paper explores the impact of employer-provided health insurance on hospital competition and hospital mergers. Under employer-provided health insurance, employer executives act as agents for their employees in selecting health insurance options for their firm. The paper investigates whether a merger of hospitals favored by executives will result in a ...
Yoshioka Toshiaki T Cell Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), New York, New York, - - 2013
The contextual signals that regulate the expansion of prostate tumor progenitor cells are poorly defined. We found that a significant fraction of advanced human prostate cancers and castration-resistant metastases express high levels of the β4 integrin, which binds to laminin-5. Targeted deletion of the signaling domain of β4 inhibited prostate ...
Sanders Andrew - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Urosepsis is the most common complication requiring hospital admission after transrectal biopsy of the prostate. This study aims to assess the local incidence and causative organisms of hospital admissions with urosepsis after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate (TRUS) biopsy. As morbidity is high, treatment must be commenced empirically prior to cultures. ...
Krysko O - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) is a superantigen known to be a modulator of chronic airway inflammation in mice and humans, yet little is known about the mechanisms that regulate its interaction with the innate immune system. We investigated this mechanism in a murine model of allergic airway inflammation induced ...
Darrin Hulsey C - - 2013
Resolving the evolutionary history of rapidly diversifying lineages like the Lake Malawi Cichlid Flock demands powerful phylogenetic tools. Although this clade of over 500 species of fish likely diversified in less than two million years, the availability of extensive sequence data sets, such as complete mitochondrial genomes, could help resolve ...
Tian Weiguo - - 2013
In this paper a comparative study is carried out on the CdSe QDs synthesized from water and ethanol. Our purpose is to present an insight understanding on how hydrogen bonds affect particle agglomeration and consequently photoluminescence (PL) behavior of the QDs. In comparison with those from water, the CdSe QDs ...
- - 2013
After drinking orange juice, there was a significantly greater decrease in the pH at tooth surfaces in those with erosion.
Costello Mark J - - 2013
Some people despair that most species will go extinct before they are discovered. However, such worries result from overestimates of how many species may exist, beliefs that the expertise to describe species is decreasing, and alarmist estimates of extinction rates. We argue that the number of species on Earth today ...
Martínez-Montero P - - 2013
Introduction. Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is caused in most cases by either duplications or point mutations in the PLP1 gene. This disease, a dysmyelinating disorder affecting mainly the central nervous system, has a wide clinical spectrum and its causing mutations act through different molecular mechanisms. Methods. Eighty-eight male patients with leukodystrophy ...
Dewar Meagan L - - 2013
Despite the enormous amount of data available on the importance of the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota in vertebrate (especially mammals), information on the GI microbiota of seabirds remains incomplete. As with many seabirds, penguins have a unique digestive physiology that enables them to store large reserves of adipose tissue, protein, and ...
Kronqvist C - - 2013
This experiment studied the effect of pre-partal milk removal on calcium metabolism at start of milking and at calving. Nine cows of the Swedish Red breed were milked for 1-7 days pre-partum. The average milk yield at the first milking was 4.8 l, and the average yield the last day prior to ...
Riggs Erin Rooney - - 2013
Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) is standard of care, first-tier clinical testing for detection of genomic copy number variation (CNV) among patients with developmental disabilities. Although diagnostic yield is higher than traditional cytogenetic testing, management impact has not been well studied. We surveyed genetic services providers regarding CMA ordering practices and ...
Zhang G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Neonatal Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination induces vigorous T-helper type 1 (Th1) responses and inhibits allergy-related airway dysfunction, but the exact mechanisms remain unclear. The objective of this study was to address where the Th1 cells induced by neonatal BCG vaccination are generated and stored, and how they are recruited ...
Dowell Jon - - 2013
Aim To assess the association between the admissions performance and subsequent academic achievement within a graduate-entry dental school.Methods The study was conducted at the University of Aberdeen Dental School. UCAS forms for course applicants were reviewed and assigned a pre-admission score (PAS) and a tariff given for the UCAS personal ...
Barnes Jonathan C - - 2013
Most organic radicals possess short lifetimes and quickly undergo dimerization or oxidation. Here, we report on the synthesis by radical templation of a class of air- and water-stable organic radicals, trapped within a homo[2]catenane composed of two rigid and fixed cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) rings. The highly energetic octacationic homo[2]catenane, which is capable ...
Guo Xudong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In the development of a telemetry localization system for wireless tracking of a microcapsule medical device based on alternating current magnetic fields, further improvements are required in terms of localization accuracy and reductions in systematic error. METHODS: A new correction method is proposed based on an improved neural network ...
Wang Ying - - 2013
Consecutive electro-oxidation and reduction cycling of gold macroelectrodes in sulphuric acid medium is a widely-used cleaning and calibration procedure. In this paper this method is applied to electrodeposited nanoparticles revealing significant differences in the electro-oxidation process and the cleaning effectiveness. This suggests a higher density of surface defects on the ...
Lepinay K - - 2013
Three-dimensional focused ion beam/scanning electron microscopy (FIB/SEM tomography) is currently an important technique to characterize in 3D a complex semiconductor device or a specific failure. However, the industrial context demands low turnaround time making the technique less useful. To make it more attractive, the following study focuses on a specific ...
Yang Chung S CS Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, 164 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854- 8020, USA. - - 2013
The major constituent of green tea, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), has been shown to have cancer-preventive and therapeutic activities. Numerous molecular targets for EGCG have been proposed, but the mechanisms of its anticancer activities are not clearly understood. In this issue of the JCI, Kumazoe et al. report that EGCG activates 67-kDa ...
Srinivasan S S Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Ayr, Ayr, Scotland, UK. - - 2013
To report visual and refractive outcomes, and endothelial cell loss following primary and secondary 'piggyback' toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with high post-penetrating keratoplasty (PK) astigmatism. Prospective case series. Nine eyes of nine patients with post-PK astigmatism were consecutively recruited for implantation of a customized toric IOL. Six ...
Badri Dayakar V - - 2013
It is known that environmental factors can affect the biosynthesis of leaf metabolites. Similarly, specific pairwise plant-microbe interactions modulate the plant's metabolome by stimulating production of phytoalexins and other defense-related compounds. However, there is no information about how different soil microbiomes could affect the plant growth and the leaf metabolome. ...
Elliott Kate-Ellen J - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: Community care workers' experience of delivering support to people with dementia is less researched than that of residential workers. The purpose of the study is to explore community-based dementia care workers' perspectives about their roles and the contextual variables that impact upon their work experiences. Method: A qualitative ...
Urbina A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous data that showed maintenance of reticulocyte percentage in whole blood stored in CPDA-1 have led to the assumption that reticulocyte maturation becomes arrested during refrigerated storage. However, reticulocyte behaviour in red-blood-cell units stored in additive solutions has not yet been studied. This study was thus aimed ...
Happel C - - 2013
Aim of the study was to determine the annual incorporation of staff on a radioiodine therapy ward and the resulting annual effective dose (aed). Following the German incorporation guideline (gig), incorporation monitoring is not necessary for potential aed below 0.5 mSv/a. For aed > 0.5 mSv/a adherence to the 1 mSv ...
Ho Melissa E ME Department of Urology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-6100, - - 2013
The combination of expression patterns of AGR2 (anterior gradient 2) and CD10 by prostate cancer provided four phenotypes that correlated with clinical outcome. Based on immunophenotyping, CD10(low)AGR2(high), CD10(high)AGR2(high), CD10(low)AGR2(low), and CD10(high)AGR2(low) were distinguished. AGR2(+) tumors were associated with longer recurrence-free survival and CD10(+) tumors with shorter recurrence-free survival. In high-stage ...
Chang G - - 2013
We aimed to determine whether a unique, ultra-high-field 7 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner could detect occult cartilage and meniscal injuries in asymptomatic female dancers. This study had Institutional Review Board approval. We recruited eight pre-professional female dancers and nine non-athletic, female controls. We scanned the dominant knee on a ...
Abdel-Baki Amal - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Psychosis compromises the educational and professional projects of young patients. Vocational case management (VCM) offers comprehensive support for reintegration into work or studies within an early psychosis intervention programme. AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of VCM in resumption of work or school and to identify the predictive factors of ...
- - 2013
Stannous (tin) fluoride containing products 'result in a significantly slower progression of erosion' and reduced tooth sensitivity.
Lee Joanne Y L - - 2013
This study utilised developmental profiling to examine symptom presentation in 14 girls with genetically confirmed Rett Syndrome and whose family was participating in the Australian Rett Syndrome or InterRett database. Regression was mostly characterised by loss of hand and/or communication skills (13/14) except one girl demonstrated slowing of skill development. ...
Wicha Max S MS University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Room 6302, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that prostate cancers in rodent models and in men contain a cellular subpopulation that displays stem cell properties. These prostate cancer stem cells (PCSCs) lack androgen receptor expression and are increased in castration-resistant disease. In this issue of the JCI, a study from Yoshioka et al. ...
Worman Howard J HJ Department of Medicine, College of Physician and Surgeons, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA. - - 2013
The linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton (LINC) complex connects the nuclear lamina to the cytoskeleton, in part to aid in nuclear positioning. Mutations in genes encoding LINC complex and lamina components cause a range of human diseases. In this issue of the JCI, Horn et al. report that mutations in ...
Doyle Richard L - - 2013
The oxygen evolution reaction at multi-cycled iron oxy-hydroxide films in aqueous alkaline solution is discussed. Steady-state Tafel plot analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy have been used to elucidate the kinetics and mechanism of oxygen evolution. Tafel slopes of ca. 60 mV dec(-1) and 40 mV dec(-1) are found at low ...
Ma Dik-Lung - - 2013
Breakthrough advances in chemistry and biology over the last two decades have vastly expanded the repertoire of nucleic acid structure and function with potential application in multiple areas of science and technology, including sensing and analytical applications. DNA oligonucleotides represent popular tools for the development of sensing platforms due to ...
Yamanaka Iori - - 2013
Synaptic transmission-dependent regulation of neurotransmitter receptor accumulation at postsynaptic sites underlies the formation, maintenance and maturation of synaptic function. Previous in vitro studies showed that glycine receptor (GlyR) clustering requires synaptic inputs. However, in vivo GlyR regulation by synaptic transmission is not fully understood. Here, we established a model system ...
Van de Bittner Genevieve C GC Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United - - 2013
In vivo molecular imaging holds promise for understanding the underlying mechanisms of health, injury, aging, and disease, as it can detect distinct biochemical processes such as enzymatic activity, reactive small-molecule fluxes, or post-translational modifications. Current imaging techniques often detect only a single biochemical process, but, within whole organisms, multiple types ...
Butts Ryan J - - 2013
We present pressure-volume loops obtained from two patients with single-ventricle physiology, one with a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt and one with a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt. The dissimilarities in pressure-volume loop contour and related indices highlight potentially important differences in ventricular mechanics between the shunt types.
Ludman S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are guidelines on how to develop a food challenge protocol, but at present there is no gold standard guidance on method, and separate units produce differing protocols. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 200 patients' data from the paediatric allergy units in Lausanne and Geneva, Western Switzerland, ...
Faccenda D - - 2013
Mitochondrial structure has a central role both in energy conversion and in the regulation of cell death. We have previously shown that IF1 protects cells from necrotic cell death and supports cristae structure by promoting the oligomerisation of the F1Fo-ATPsynthase. As IF1 is upregulated in a large proportion of human ...
Calvo-Guirado José L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone remodeling dynamics after immediate implant placement at different levels in relation to the crestal bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mandibular second, third, and fourth premolars of six Foxhound dogs were extracted bilaterally. Randomly, three implants ...
Winfield Laramie D - - 2013
HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, histological and immunological findings of an equine case of pemphigus vulgaris, including the demonstration of antidesmoglein (anti-Dsg) autoantibodies. CASE REPORT: The diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris was confirmed in a 9-year-old Welsh pony stallion with both direct and indirect immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation studies, the latter identifying ...
Ronzaud Caroline - - 2013
The E3 ubiquitin ligase NEDD4-2 (encoded by the Nedd4L gene) regulates the amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC/SCNN1) to mediate Na+ homeostasis. Mutations in the human β/γENaC subunits that block NEDD4-2 binding or constitutive ablation of exons 6-8 of Nedd4L in mice both result in salt-sensitive hypertension and elevated ENaC activity ...
Knäusl B - - 2013
With the increasing use of functional imaging in modern radiotherapy (RT) and the envisaged automated integration of PET into target definition, the need for reliable quantification of PET is growing. Reconstruction algorithms in new PET scanners employ point-spread-function (PSF) based resolution recovery, however, their impact on PET quantification still requires ...
Perales Jaime - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: Over the last 20 years, a number of instruments developed for the assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in dementia have been introduced. The aim of this review is to synthesize evidence from published reviews on HRQL measures in dementia and any new literature in order to ...
Lang S Q - - 2013
The reaction of ultramafic rocks with water during serpentinization at moderate temperatures results in alkaline fluids with high concentrations of reduced chemical compounds such as hydrogen and methane. Such environments provide unique habitats for microbial communities capable of utilizing these reduced compounds in present-day and, possibly, early Earth environments. However, ...
Bachoo I K - - 2013
A novel calcium-based cement was launched in 2009 claiming to be a revolutionary material capable of offering a bioactive and biocompatible replacement for dentine. The calcium-based cement has been reported to encourage the repair and regeneration of lost dental tissue, preserve pulp vitality, promote pulp healing and provide a bioactive ...
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