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Results 201 - 250 of 2825
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Farmer Mark - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the magnitude of the dimensional changes following extraction of a single tooth in the aesthetic zone over a 6- to 8-week healing period and to examine the degree and pattern of resorption of the buccal bone plate during this time frame. ...
Lang S Q - - 2013
The reaction of ultramafic rocks with water during serpentinization at moderate temperatures results in alkaline fluids with high concentrations of reduced chemical compounds such as hydrogen and methane. Such environments provide unique habitats for microbial communities capable of utilizing these reduced compounds in present-day and, possibly, early Earth environments. However, ...
Winfield Laramie D - - 2013
HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, histological and immunological findings of an equine case of pemphigus vulgaris, including the demonstration of antidesmoglein (anti-Dsg) autoantibodies. CASE REPORT: The diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris was confirmed in a 9-year-old Welsh pony stallion with both direct and indirect immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation studies, the latter identifying ...
Knäusl B - - 2013
With the increasing use of functional imaging in modern radiotherapy (RT) and the envisaged automated integration of PET into target definition, the need for reliable quantification of PET is growing. Reconstruction algorithms in new PET scanners employ point-spread-function (PSF) based resolution recovery, however, their impact on PET quantification still requires ...
Perales Jaime - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: Over the last 20 years, a number of instruments developed for the assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in dementia have been introduced. The aim of this review is to synthesize evidence from published reviews on HRQL measures in dementia and any new literature in order to ...
Burgunder Jean-Marc - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Research on the molecular mechanisms involved in Huntington's disease, a monogenic disorder with a complex phenotype including motor, behaviour, and cognitive impairments, is advancing at a rapid path. Knowledge on several of the multimodal pathways has now lead to the establishment of rational strategies to prepare trials of several ...
Itazawa Toshiko - - 2013
Background: Nebulized drugs for asthma treatment are often mixed together in order to simplify inhalation regimens, although not recommended. We therefore evaluated aerosol characteristics and physicochemical stability of the admixture of an inhaled corticosteroid suspension with a beta2-agonist solution. Methods: An 8-stage cascade impactor was used to measure the particle ...
Pilli Satyananda Kishore - - 2013
BiVO(4)/CuWO(4) heterojunction electrodes were prepared using spray deposition of a highly porous bismuth vanadate film onto the surface of an electrodeposited three dimensional network connected copper tungstate. Bilayer BiVO(4)/CuWO(4)/fluorine doped tin oxide glass (FTO) electrodes demonstrated higher photocurrent magnitudes than either with BiVO(4)/FTO or CuWO(4)/FTO electrodes in 1.0 M Na(2)SO(4) ...
Eriksson J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The harmful effects of tobacco smoke on human health, including respiratory health, are extensive and well documented. Previous data on the effect of smoking on rhinitis and allergic sensitization are inconsistent. We sought to investigate how smoking correlates with prevalence of allergic and chronic rhinitis among adults in Sweden. ...
Krings Gregor - - 2013
Scirrhous hepatocellular carcinoma is a rare ill-defined morphological subtype of hepatocellular carcinoma characterized by marked stromal fibrosis. This variant can be difficult to distinguish from intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and metastatic adenocarcinoma, especially on needle biopsies. We performed immunohistochemistry for hepatocellular and adenocarcinoma-associated markers on 20 scirrhous hepatocellular carcinoma cases and compared ...
Prodanov Ljupcho - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Laser profiling of titanium has been of considerable interest in the field of oral implantology. However, very few pre-clinical and clinical studies have been performed with laser-treated implants, especially focusing on isotropic roughness topography. The aim of the study was to compare the cortical bone response of Ti-implants discs ...
Ariga Katsuhiko - - 2013
Fabrication of ultrasmall functional machines and their integration within ultrasmall areas or volumes can be useful for creation of novel technologies. The ultimate goal of the development of ultrasmall machines and device systems is to construct functional structures where independent molecules operate as independent device components. To realize exotic functions, ...
Hughes G J - - 2013
SUMMARY Campylobacteriosis is the commonest cause of bacterial enteritis in England yet the epidemiology of apparently sporadic cases is not well understood. Here we evaluated the feasibility of applying a space-time cluster detection method to routine laboratory surveillance data in the North East of England by simulating prospective weekly space-time ...
Zhang Yan - - 2013
Dynamic systems based on double parallel reactions have been generated and resolved in situ by secondary lipase-catalyzed asymmetric transformation, resulting in high chemo- and enantioselectivities.
Maini A - - 2013
The demand for cosmetic dental treatments in the UK has grown dramatically in the last decade possibly due to increased public awareness of new techniques coupled with greater media attention for celebrities following smile enhancement treatments. In view of this, the aim of this article and the associated presentation at ...
Saunders C - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Glucose and acetate have been proposed to be required elements in platelet storage media. This study investigated the role of these compounds on the varied elements that comprise the platelet storage lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For each replicate, four pooled and split ABO group-specific buffy coat-derived platelet ...
Nissim Ben Efraim A H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Eosinophils are involved in several inflammatory processes including allergic inflammation. It has been shown that eosinophil functions may be regulated by activating or inhibitory receptors. Hypoxia is a feature of inflamed tissues and has recently been shown to regulate eosinophil viability and pro-angiogenic potential. In this study, the effect ...
Diltemiz Sibel Emir - - 2013
Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensors coated with molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP) have been developed for the recognition of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and mannose. In this method, methacryloylamidophenylboronic acid (MAPBA) was used as a monomer and mannose was used as a template. For this purpose, initially, QCM electrodes were modified with ...
Phillips Anna C - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of studies reporting the efficacy of educational strategies to facilitate the development of knowledge and skills underpinning evidence based practice (EBP). To date there is no standardised guideline for describing the teaching, evaluation, context or content of EBP educational strategies. The heterogeneity in ...
Raymond Stephen H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is an impression of poor management of pregnancy sickness in Australia, specifically an apparent total reliance on metoclopramide, as a first-line choice. AIMS: To determine what management options are commonly used in by distributing a survey to Fellows and Diplomates of RANZCOG. METHODS: A web-based survey questionnaire distributed ...
Werner Perla - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common condition among elderly persons. Its early identification is important because MCI can be a precursor of dementia. Since physicians' knowledge and preferences regarding MCI can be critical in its identification, this study assessed family physicians' familiarity, knowledge, and preferences regarding help-seeking, ...
Yang Da-Hai - - 2013
Abstract  The brassinosteroid (BR) receptor, BR insensitive 1 (BRI1), plays a critical role in plant development, but whether BRI1-mediated BR signaling is involved in plant defense responses to herbivores was largely unknown. Here, we examined the function of BRI1 in the resistance of Nicotiana attenuata to its specialist insect herbivore ...
Whitehall John - - 2013
AIM: The study aims to assess the health burden of children admitted with 'scabies' to Mt Isa Hospital, the referral centre for North West Queensland, from 2006 to 2010. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart audit of admissions of children with 'scabies' including age, sex, date, residence, Indigenous status, result ...
Luxami Vijay - - 2013
Highly selective detection of pyrophosphate in the presence of inorganic phosphates, halides, acetate, ATP, other nucleotides in neutral aqueous solutions is achieved by a fluorescent Zn-ensemble based system. The implementation of the first molecule based JK-latch sequential logic function is also described.
Franks Peter J - - 2013
1 I. 2 II. 2 III. 4 IV. 5 V. 7 VI. 11 VII. 12 13 References 13 SUMMARY: The rate of CO(2) assimilation by plants is directly influenced by the concentration of CO(2) in the atmosphere, c(a) . As an environmental variable, c(a) also has a unique global and ...
Castilla-Fernández Yolanda - - 2013
Abstract Aims: To report our neonatal management experience in patients who received a diagnosis of brainstem dysgenesis (BSD). Patients and methods: This study retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 15 neonates with BSD diagnosed between 1984 and 2011. Data on the perinatal period, physical examination, laboratory findings, and management by ...
Palfreyman Zoe - - 2013
This study explored the relationships between maternal modelling of eating behaviours with reported symptoms of maternal eating psychopathology, anxiety and depression. Mothers (N = 264) with a child aged 1.5 to 8 years completed three self-report measures designed to assess modelling of eating behaviours, eating psychopathology and levels of anxiety and depression. The ...
Liu Xiuli - - 2013
The aim of this study is to examine the clinical and pathologic characteristics of collagenous colitis (CC) in children and adolescents. Seven patients (five females and two males, median age: 13 years, ranging from 4 to 16) were included. Four (of 7, 57%) patients presented with non-bloody watery diarrhea, one ...
Affleck P - - 2013
Dental professionals are obliged to put the interests of patients first. This is certainly laudable but it is unclear how far this duty extends. A further concern is whether it relates to the interests of a practitioner's own patients or to patients in general. The particular placement of an apostrophe ...
Deng Xin - - 2013
The pacemaker activity of mammalian sinoatrial node (SAN) of the heart plays a fundamental role in the integration of vital functions. Studying factors such as drugs that influence pacemaker activity of SAN has its significance. In this study, we isolated sinus venosus, SAN from toads (Bufo gargarizans), and analysed its ...
Wang Kun - - 2013
Three isostructural Mn(ii) compounds with a zwitterionic dicarboxylate ligand and different pseudohalides were synthesized, and then structurally and magnetically characterized. They are formulated as [Mn(L)(X)(2)(H(2)O)(2)](n) [X = N(3)(-) (), NCO(-) (), NCS(-) (), L = 1,4-bis(4-carboxylato-1-pyridinium)butane]. In these compounds, adjacent Mn(ii) ions are connected into coordination chains by long zwitterionic ...
Malakan Rad Elaheh - - 2013
We report postoperative normalization of left ventricular noncompaction in a neonate undergoing successful neonatal surgery for type II aorta to left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) associated with a large patent ductus arteriosus, floppy and extremely redundant anterior mitral leaflet, right coronary artery arising directly from the tunnel, and severe left ventricular ...
Atkins P J - - 2013
SUMMARY The European badger (Meles meles) has been identified as a wildlife reservoir of bovine tuberculosis and a source of transmission to cattle in Britain and Ireland. Both behavioural ecology and statistical ecological modelling have indicated the long-term persistence of the disease in some badger communities, and this is postulated ...
Lavikainen A - - 2013
SUMMARY Cestodes of the genus Taenia are parasites of mammals, with mainly carnivores as definitive and herbivores as intermediate hosts. Various medium-sized cats, Lynx spp., are involved in the life cycles of several species of Taenia. The aim of the present study was to identify Taenia tapeworms in the Eurasian ...
Hoffmann G S - - 2013
Analysis of DNA from older samples, such as museum specimen, is a promising approach to studying genetics of populations and ecological processes across several generations. Here, we present a method for extracting high quality nuclear DNA for microsatellite analysis from antlers of red deer (Cervus elaphus). The genotyping of individuals ...
Warrier Satish K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Young patients with colorectal cancer pose diagnostic and management challenges. The study aim was to assess colorectal surgical practice in Australia and New Zealand with respect to management of young patients with colorectal cancer and the impact of family history. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to members of ...
Shabani Arghavan - - 2013
A direct and efficient impedimetric method is presented for the detection of Bacillus anthracis Sterne vegetative cells, using Gamma phages as probes attached to screen-printed carbon electrode microarrays. The carbon electrodes were initially functionalized through cyclic-voltammetric reduction of a nitro-aryl diazonium moiety, followed by further reduction of nitro groups to ...
Antognini Aldo - - 2013
Accurate knowledge of the charge and Zemach radii of the proton is essential, not only for understanding its structure but also as input for tests of bound-state quantum electrodynamics and its predictions for the energy levels of hydrogen. These radii may be extracted from the laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen ...
Harabis Vratislav - - 2013
Dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US) imaging is a promising diagnostic method, which enables the evaluation of tissue perfusion via different parameters. The mean transit time and time-to-peak parameters are the main time parameters and their values depend on the model used for the approximation of the noisy perfusion curves. In this ...
Rahman Jamilur - - 2013
Inhibitory neurons are involved in the generation and patterning of the respiratory rhythm in the adult animal. However, the role of glycinergic neurons in the respiratory rhythm in the developing network is still not understood. Although the complete loss of glycinergic transmission in vivo is lethal, the blockade of glycinergic ...
Chen Duoduo - - 2013
Nicotine is an environmental toxic tobacco waste, which imposes a serious hazard for human health. Some bacteria including Pseudomonas spp. strains are able to metabolize nicotine to non-toxic compounds. The pyrrolidine pathway of nicotine degradation in Pseudomonas putida S16 has recently been revealed. The maleate isomerase (Pp-Iso) catalyzes the last ...
Kommoss Stefan - - 2013
A single, recurrent somatic point mutation (402CG) in FOXL2 has been described in almost all adult-type granulosa cell tumors but not other ovarian neoplasms. Histopathological features of adult-type granulosa cell tumors can be mimicked by a variety of other tumors, making diagnosis of adult-type granulosa cell tumor challenging. It has ...
Balamurugan Rathinam - - 2013
A bis-propargyl-appended rhodamine B-based receptor has been synthesised that exhibits pronounced fluorescence enhancement in the presence of Pd(2+) ions. The addition of Pd(2+) enhanced the fluorescence intensity of by 113-fold (Φ(f) = 0.37) and was found to exhibit high selectivity towards Pd(2+) compared to a range of other metal ions. ...
Doering Friederike - - 2013
A 44-year-old woman was referred to our centre for interventional cardiac catheterisation. The diagnostic work-up after a preceding ischaemic stroke led to the assumption of a patent foramen ovale due to a positive bubble study. Before the planned percutaneous closure of the patent foramen ovale, we performed a second bubble ...
Urakawa Susumu - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Early life experiences including physical exercise, sensory stimulation, and social interaction can modulate development of the inhibitory neuronal network and modify various behaviors. In particular, alteration of parvalbumin-expressing neurons, a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neuronal subpopulation, has been suggested to be associated with psychiatric disorders. Here we investigated whether ...
Urbina A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous data that showed maintenance of reticulocyte percentage in whole blood stored in CPDA-1 have led to the assumption that reticulocyte maturation becomes arrested during refrigerated storage. However, reticulocyte behaviour in red-blood-cell units stored in additive solutions has not yet been studied. This study was thus aimed ...
Happel C - - 2013
Aim of the study was to determine the annual incorporation of staff on a radioiodine therapy ward and the resulting annual effective dose (aed). Following the German incorporation guideline (gig), incorporation monitoring is not necessary for potential aed below 0.5 mSv/a. For aed > 0.5 mSv/a adherence to the 1 mSv ...
Bachoo I K - - 2013
A novel calcium-based cement was launched in 2009 claiming to be a revolutionary material capable of offering a bioactive and biocompatible replacement for dentine. The calcium-based cement has been reported to encourage the repair and regeneration of lost dental tissue, preserve pulp vitality, promote pulp healing and provide a bioactive ...
Gómez-Laberge Camille - - 2013
The benefit of treating acute lung injury with recruitment manoeuvres is controversial. An impediment to settling this debate is the difficulty in visualizing how distinct lung regions respond to the manoeuvre. Here, regional lung mechanics were studied by electrical impedance tomography (EIT) during a stepwise recruitment manoeuvre in a porcine ...
Mandal Mridul Kanti - - 2013
We have examined several combinations of solvents and probes with the aim of optimizing the ionization conditions for biomolecules e.g., proteins, peptides and lipids by negative mode probe electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (PESI-MS). With the data presented in this study, negative-mode PESI-MS can be considered as a potential tool for ...
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