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Results 201 - 250 of 2827
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Maini A - - 2013
The demand for cosmetic dental treatments in the UK has grown dramatically in the last decade possibly due to increased public awareness of new techniques coupled with greater media attention for celebrities following smile enhancement treatments. In view of this, the aim of this article and the associated presentation at ...
Saunders C - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Glucose and acetate have been proposed to be required elements in platelet storage media. This study investigated the role of these compounds on the varied elements that comprise the platelet storage lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For each replicate, four pooled and split ABO group-specific buffy coat-derived platelet ...
Nissim Ben Efraim A H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Eosinophils are involved in several inflammatory processes including allergic inflammation. It has been shown that eosinophil functions may be regulated by activating or inhibitory receptors. Hypoxia is a feature of inflamed tissues and has recently been shown to regulate eosinophil viability and pro-angiogenic potential. In this study, the effect ...
Diltemiz Sibel Emir - - 2013
Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensors coated with molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP) have been developed for the recognition of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and mannose. In this method, methacryloylamidophenylboronic acid (MAPBA) was used as a monomer and mannose was used as a template. For this purpose, initially, QCM electrodes were modified with ...
Phillips Anna C - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of studies reporting the efficacy of educational strategies to facilitate the development of knowledge and skills underpinning evidence based practice (EBP). To date there is no standardised guideline for describing the teaching, evaluation, context or content of EBP educational strategies. The heterogeneity in ...
Raymond Stephen H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is an impression of poor management of pregnancy sickness in Australia, specifically an apparent total reliance on metoclopramide, as a first-line choice. AIMS: To determine what management options are commonly used in by distributing a survey to Fellows and Diplomates of RANZCOG. METHODS: A web-based survey questionnaire distributed ...
Werner Perla - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common condition among elderly persons. Its early identification is important because MCI can be a precursor of dementia. Since physicians' knowledge and preferences regarding MCI can be critical in its identification, this study assessed family physicians' familiarity, knowledge, and preferences regarding help-seeking, ...
Yang Da-Hai - - 2013
Abstract  The brassinosteroid (BR) receptor, BR insensitive 1 (BRI1), plays a critical role in plant development, but whether BRI1-mediated BR signaling is involved in plant defense responses to herbivores was largely unknown. Here, we examined the function of BRI1 in the resistance of Nicotiana attenuata to its specialist insect herbivore ...
Whitehall John - - 2013
AIM: The study aims to assess the health burden of children admitted with 'scabies' to Mt Isa Hospital, the referral centre for North West Queensland, from 2006 to 2010. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart audit of admissions of children with 'scabies' including age, sex, date, residence, Indigenous status, result ...
Luxami Vijay - - 2013
Highly selective detection of pyrophosphate in the presence of inorganic phosphates, halides, acetate, ATP, other nucleotides in neutral aqueous solutions is achieved by a fluorescent Zn-ensemble based system. The implementation of the first molecule based JK-latch sequential logic function is also described.
Franks Peter J - - 2013
1 I. 2 II. 2 III. 4 IV. 5 V. 7 VI. 11 VII. 12 13 References 13 SUMMARY: The rate of CO(2) assimilation by plants is directly influenced by the concentration of CO(2) in the atmosphere, c(a) . As an environmental variable, c(a) also has a unique global and ...
Castilla-Fernández Yolanda - - 2013
Abstract Aims: To report our neonatal management experience in patients who received a diagnosis of brainstem dysgenesis (BSD). Patients and methods: This study retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 15 neonates with BSD diagnosed between 1984 and 2011. Data on the perinatal period, physical examination, laboratory findings, and management by ...
Palfreyman Zoe - - 2013
This study explored the relationships between maternal modelling of eating behaviours with reported symptoms of maternal eating psychopathology, anxiety and depression. Mothers (N = 264) with a child aged 1.5 to 8 years completed three self-report measures designed to assess modelling of eating behaviours, eating psychopathology and levels of anxiety and depression. The ...
Liu Xiuli - - 2013
The aim of this study is to examine the clinical and pathologic characteristics of collagenous colitis (CC) in children and adolescents. Seven patients (five females and two males, median age: 13 years, ranging from 4 to 16) were included. Four (of 7, 57%) patients presented with non-bloody watery diarrhea, one ...
Affleck P - - 2013
Dental professionals are obliged to put the interests of patients first. This is certainly laudable but it is unclear how far this duty extends. A further concern is whether it relates to the interests of a practitioner's own patients or to patients in general. The particular placement of an apostrophe ...
Deng Xin - - 2013
The pacemaker activity of mammalian sinoatrial node (SAN) of the heart plays a fundamental role in the integration of vital functions. Studying factors such as drugs that influence pacemaker activity of SAN has its significance. In this study, we isolated sinus venosus, SAN from toads (Bufo gargarizans), and analysed its ...
Wang Kun - - 2013
Three isostructural Mn(ii) compounds with a zwitterionic dicarboxylate ligand and different pseudohalides were synthesized, and then structurally and magnetically characterized. They are formulated as [Mn(L)(X)(2)(H(2)O)(2)](n) [X = N(3)(-) (), NCO(-) (), NCS(-) (), L = 1,4-bis(4-carboxylato-1-pyridinium)butane]. In these compounds, adjacent Mn(ii) ions are connected into coordination chains by long zwitterionic ...
Malakan Rad Elaheh - - 2013
We report postoperative normalization of left ventricular noncompaction in a neonate undergoing successful neonatal surgery for type II aorta to left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) associated with a large patent ductus arteriosus, floppy and extremely redundant anterior mitral leaflet, right coronary artery arising directly from the tunnel, and severe left ventricular ...
Atkins P J - - 2013
SUMMARY The European badger (Meles meles) has been identified as a wildlife reservoir of bovine tuberculosis and a source of transmission to cattle in Britain and Ireland. Both behavioural ecology and statistical ecological modelling have indicated the long-term persistence of the disease in some badger communities, and this is postulated ...
Lavikainen A - - 2013
SUMMARY Cestodes of the genus Taenia are parasites of mammals, with mainly carnivores as definitive and herbivores as intermediate hosts. Various medium-sized cats, Lynx spp., are involved in the life cycles of several species of Taenia. The aim of the present study was to identify Taenia tapeworms in the Eurasian ...
Hoffmann G S - - 2013
Analysis of DNA from older samples, such as museum specimen, is a promising approach to studying genetics of populations and ecological processes across several generations. Here, we present a method for extracting high quality nuclear DNA for microsatellite analysis from antlers of red deer (Cervus elaphus). The genotyping of individuals ...
Warrier Satish K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Young patients with colorectal cancer pose diagnostic and management challenges. The study aim was to assess colorectal surgical practice in Australia and New Zealand with respect to management of young patients with colorectal cancer and the impact of family history. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to members of ...
Shabani Arghavan - - 2013
A direct and efficient impedimetric method is presented for the detection of Bacillus anthracis Sterne vegetative cells, using Gamma phages as probes attached to screen-printed carbon electrode microarrays. The carbon electrodes were initially functionalized through cyclic-voltammetric reduction of a nitro-aryl diazonium moiety, followed by further reduction of nitro groups to ...
Antognini Aldo - - 2013
Accurate knowledge of the charge and Zemach radii of the proton is essential, not only for understanding its structure but also as input for tests of bound-state quantum electrodynamics and its predictions for the energy levels of hydrogen. These radii may be extracted from the laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen ...
Harabis Vratislav - - 2013
Dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US) imaging is a promising diagnostic method, which enables the evaluation of tissue perfusion via different parameters. The mean transit time and time-to-peak parameters are the main time parameters and their values depend on the model used for the approximation of the noisy perfusion curves. In this ...
Rahman Jamilur - - 2013
Inhibitory neurons are involved in the generation and patterning of the respiratory rhythm in the adult animal. However, the role of glycinergic neurons in the respiratory rhythm in the developing network is still not understood. Although the complete loss of glycinergic transmission in vivo is lethal, the blockade of glycinergic ...
Chen Duoduo - - 2013
Nicotine is an environmental toxic tobacco waste, which imposes a serious hazard for human health. Some bacteria including Pseudomonas spp. strains are able to metabolize nicotine to non-toxic compounds. The pyrrolidine pathway of nicotine degradation in Pseudomonas putida S16 has recently been revealed. The maleate isomerase (Pp-Iso) catalyzes the last ...
Kommoss Stefan - - 2013
A single, recurrent somatic point mutation (402CG) in FOXL2 has been described in almost all adult-type granulosa cell tumors but not other ovarian neoplasms. Histopathological features of adult-type granulosa cell tumors can be mimicked by a variety of other tumors, making diagnosis of adult-type granulosa cell tumor challenging. It has ...
Balamurugan Rathinam - - 2013
A bis-propargyl-appended rhodamine B-based receptor has been synthesised that exhibits pronounced fluorescence enhancement in the presence of Pd(2+) ions. The addition of Pd(2+) enhanced the fluorescence intensity of by 113-fold (Φ(f) = 0.37) and was found to exhibit high selectivity towards Pd(2+) compared to a range of other metal ions. ...
Doering Friederike - - 2013
A 44-year-old woman was referred to our centre for interventional cardiac catheterisation. The diagnostic work-up after a preceding ischaemic stroke led to the assumption of a patent foramen ovale due to a positive bubble study. Before the planned percutaneous closure of the patent foramen ovale, we performed a second bubble ...
Urakawa Susumu - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Early life experiences including physical exercise, sensory stimulation, and social interaction can modulate development of the inhibitory neuronal network and modify various behaviors. In particular, alteration of parvalbumin-expressing neurons, a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neuronal subpopulation, has been suggested to be associated with psychiatric disorders. Here we investigated whether ...
Urbina A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous data that showed maintenance of reticulocyte percentage in whole blood stored in CPDA-1 have led to the assumption that reticulocyte maturation becomes arrested during refrigerated storage. However, reticulocyte behaviour in red-blood-cell units stored in additive solutions has not yet been studied. This study was thus aimed ...
Happel C - - 2013
Aim of the study was to determine the annual incorporation of staff on a radioiodine therapy ward and the resulting annual effective dose (aed). Following the German incorporation guideline (gig), incorporation monitoring is not necessary for potential aed below 0.5 mSv/a. For aed > 0.5 mSv/a adherence to the 1 mSv ...
Bachoo I K - - 2013
A novel calcium-based cement was launched in 2009 claiming to be a revolutionary material capable of offering a bioactive and biocompatible replacement for dentine. The calcium-based cement has been reported to encourage the repair and regeneration of lost dental tissue, preserve pulp vitality, promote pulp healing and provide a bioactive ...
Gómez-Laberge Camille - - 2013
The benefit of treating acute lung injury with recruitment manoeuvres is controversial. An impediment to settling this debate is the difficulty in visualizing how distinct lung regions respond to the manoeuvre. Here, regional lung mechanics were studied by electrical impedance tomography (EIT) during a stepwise recruitment manoeuvre in a porcine ...
Mandal Mridul Kanti - - 2013
We have examined several combinations of solvents and probes with the aim of optimizing the ionization conditions for biomolecules e.g., proteins, peptides and lipids by negative mode probe electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (PESI-MS). With the data presented in this study, negative-mode PESI-MS can be considered as a potential tool for ...
Lange Rolanda - - 2013
Copulation can involve the wounding of the mating partner by specialised devices. This type of mating, which we term traumatic mating, has been regarded as exceptional. Its prevalence, however, has not been compared across taxa, nor have its functions and putative evolutionary pathways. A categorisation has been lacking to date. ...
Butts Ryan J - - 2013
We present pressure-volume loops obtained from two patients with single-ventricle physiology, one with a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt and one with a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt. The dissimilarities in pressure-volume loop contour and related indices highlight potentially important differences in ventricular mechanics between the shunt types.
Ludman S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are guidelines on how to develop a food challenge protocol, but at present there is no gold standard guidance on method, and separate units produce differing protocols. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 200 patients' data from the paediatric allergy units in Lausanne and Geneva, Western Switzerland, ...
Lee Joanne Y L - - 2013
This study utilised developmental profiling to examine symptom presentation in 14 girls with genetically confirmed Rett Syndrome and whose family was participating in the Australian Rett Syndrome or InterRett database. Regression was mostly characterised by loss of hand and/or communication skills (13/14) except one girl demonstrated slowing of skill development. ...
Doyle Richard L - - 2013
The oxygen evolution reaction at multi-cycled iron oxy-hydroxide films in aqueous alkaline solution is discussed. Steady-state Tafel plot analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy have been used to elucidate the kinetics and mechanism of oxygen evolution. Tafel slopes of ca. 60 mV dec(-1) and 40 mV dec(-1) are found at low ...
Ma Dik-Lung - - 2013
Breakthrough advances in chemistry and biology over the last two decades have vastly expanded the repertoire of nucleic acid structure and function with potential application in multiple areas of science and technology, including sensing and analytical applications. DNA oligonucleotides represent popular tools for the development of sensing platforms due to ...
Yamanaka Iori - - 2013
Synaptic transmission-dependent regulation of neurotransmitter receptor accumulation at postsynaptic sites underlies the formation, maintenance and maturation of synaptic function. Previous in vitro studies showed that glycine receptor (GlyR) clustering requires synaptic inputs. However, in vivo GlyR regulation by synaptic transmission is not fully understood. Here, we established a model system ...
Leyssen W - - 2013
Aims To investigate the working patterns and patient base of registered clinical dental technicians (CDTs); their relationships with dentists and other professionals in the dental team; their willingness to work within the NHS and their expectations for the future as a new professional group.Methods Face-to-face qualitative interviews of registered CDTs, ...
Poulsen Keith P - - 2013
Listeria monocytogenes causes several clinical manifestations in humans and domestic animals. This bacterium is a saprophyte in soil and ensiled feeds, which are sources of infection for food producing animals (i.e. ruminants). The most common route of infection for people is via ingestion of contaminated ready-to-eat food products such as ...
Li Liang - - 2013
In this paper, a C-F bond activation reaction of a chloro-bridged iridium(iii) dimer (dfppy)(2)Ir(μ-Cl)(2)Ir(dfppy)(2) () (dfppy denotes 2-(4,6-difluorophenyl)pyridyl) in the presence of sodium methoxide has been reported, leading to the formation of a heteroleptic cyclometalated iridium(iii) fluorophenylpyridine complex . HPLC-mass analysis confirmed the release of formaldehyde in the product mixture. ...
Rosty Christophe - - 2013
KRAS-mutated carcinomas comprise 35-40% of all colorectal carcinomas but little is known about their characteristics. The aim of this study was to examine the pathological and molecular features of KRAS-mutated colorectal carcinomas and to compare them with other carcinoma subgroups. KRAS mutation testing was performed in 776 incident tumors from ...
Ahmadi Omid - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Immunosenescence may contribute to an observed increase in infections and specific cancers in the elderly. Lymph nodes play a key role in the body's immune system. A systematic review was undertaken to investigate the effects of senescence on lymph node number and morphology. METHODS: Electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, Embase ...
Baumgardt J A - - 2013
Population sex ratio is an important metric for wildlife management and conservation, but estimates can be difficult to obtain, particularly for sexually monomorphic species or for species that differ in detection probability between the sexes. Noninvasive genetic sampling (NGS) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become a common method for ...
Kim B J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient air pollution and bronchiolitis are risk factors for asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of air pollution on the development of asthma in children with past episodes of bronchiolitis. METHODS: A prospective 2-year follow-up survey consisting of parental responses to the ...
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