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Results 201 - 250 of 2841
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Mabry Ruth M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore barriers and solutions to addressing physical inactivity and prolonged sitting in the adult population of Oman. DESIGN: Qualitative study involving semi-structured interviews that took place from October 2011 to January 2012. Participants were recruited through purposive sampling. Data collection and analysis was an iterative process; later interviews ...
Ogra Yasumitsu Y Laboratory of Chemical Toxicology and Environmental Health, Showa Pharmaceutical University, 3-3165 Higashi-Tamagawagakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8543, Japan. - - 2013
Many studies have examined the metabolic pathway of selenium (Se) compounds in Se-accumulating plants (hereafter "Se accumulators") when the plants are exposed to inorganic Se, such as selenite and selenate. However, if we were to consider Se circulation in the biosphere, the metabolism of organic Se, in particular, selenometabolites of ...
Giovinazzi S S Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, - - 2013
A large number of patients are resistant to taxane-based chemotherapy. Functional mitotic checkpoints are essential for taxane sensitivity. Thus, mitotic regulators are potential markers for therapy response and could be targeted for anticancer therapy. In this study, we identified a novel function of ubiquitin (Ub)-specific processing protease-7 (USP7) that interacts ...
- - 2013
Crowns constructed after using either digital or conventional impressions methods have comparable accuracy.
Antognini Aldo - - 2013
Accurate knowledge of the charge and Zemach radii of the proton is essential, not only for understanding its structure but also as input for tests of bound-state quantum electrodynamics and its predictions for the energy levels of hydrogen. These radii may be extracted from the laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen ...
Harabis Vratislav - - 2013
Dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US) imaging is a promising diagnostic method, which enables the evaluation of tissue perfusion via different parameters. The mean transit time and time-to-peak parameters are the main time parameters and their values depend on the model used for the approximation of the noisy perfusion curves. In this ...
Rahman Jamilur - - 2013
Inhibitory neurons are involved in the generation and patterning of the respiratory rhythm in the adult animal. However, the role of glycinergic neurons in the respiratory rhythm in the developing network is still not understood. Although the complete loss of glycinergic transmission in vivo is lethal, the blockade of glycinergic ...
Chen Duoduo - - 2013
Nicotine is an environmental toxic tobacco waste, which imposes a serious hazard for human health. Some bacteria including Pseudomonas spp. strains are able to metabolize nicotine to non-toxic compounds. The pyrrolidine pathway of nicotine degradation in Pseudomonas putida S16 has recently been revealed. The maleate isomerase (Pp-Iso) catalyzes the last ...
Kulu Y Y Division of Surgical Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114-2696, - - 2013
Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) replication in cancer cells leads to their destruction (viral oncolysis) and has been under investigation as an experimental cancer therapy in clinical trials as single agents, and as combinations with chemotherapy. Cellular responses to chemotherapy modulate viral replication, but these interactions are poorly understood. To investigate ...
Kommoss Stefan - - 2013
A single, recurrent somatic point mutation (402CG) in FOXL2 has been described in almost all adult-type granulosa cell tumors but not other ovarian neoplasms. Histopathological features of adult-type granulosa cell tumors can be mimicked by a variety of other tumors, making diagnosis of adult-type granulosa cell tumor challenging. It has ...
Deng Xin - - 2013
The pacemaker activity of mammalian sinoatrial node (SAN) of the heart plays a fundamental role in the integration of vital functions. Studying factors such as drugs that influence pacemaker activity of SAN has its significance. In this study, we isolated sinus venosus, SAN from toads (Bufo gargarizans), and analysed its ...
Wang Kun - - 2013
Three isostructural Mn(ii) compounds with a zwitterionic dicarboxylate ligand and different pseudohalides were synthesized, and then structurally and magnetically characterized. They are formulated as [Mn(L)(X)(2)(H(2)O)(2)](n) [X = N(3)(-) (), NCO(-) (), NCS(-) (), L = 1,4-bis(4-carboxylato-1-pyridinium)butane]. In these compounds, adjacent Mn(ii) ions are connected into coordination chains by long zwitterionic ...
Kadono Yoshifumi - - 2013
Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) requires a steep Trendelenburg position and CO2 pneumoperitoneum for several hours to secure the surgical visual field. The present study was performed to investigate the influence of each angle of Trendelenburg position during RALP on cardiovascular and respiratory homeostasis. Forty-seven ASA physical status 1 and ...
Malakan Rad Elaheh - - 2013
We report postoperative normalization of left ventricular noncompaction in a neonate undergoing successful neonatal surgery for type II aorta to left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) associated with a large patent ductus arteriosus, floppy and extremely redundant anterior mitral leaflet, right coronary artery arising directly from the tunnel, and severe left ventricular ...
Foley J I - - 2013
Aim To assess the association between the admissions performance and subsequent academic achievement within a graduate-entry dental school.Methods The study was conducted at the University of Aberdeen Dental School. UCAS forms for course applicants were reviewed and assigned a pre-admission score (PAS) and a tariff given for the UCAS personal ...
Hermsen W - - 2013
Pulsars emit from low-frequency radio waves up to high-energy gamma-rays, generated anywhere from the stellar surface out to the edge of the magnetosphere. Detecting correlated mode changes across the electromagnetic spectrum is therefore key to understanding the physical relationship among the emission sites. Through simultaneous observations, we detected synchronous switching ...
Leyssen W - - 2013
Aims To investigate the working patterns and patient base of registered clinical dental technicians (CDTs); their relationships with dentists and other professionals in the dental team; their willingness to work within the NHS and their expectations for the future as a new professional group.Methods Face-to-face qualitative interviews of registered CDTs, ...
Poulsen Keith P - - 2013
Listeria monocytogenes causes several clinical manifestations in humans and domestic animals. This bacterium is a saprophyte in soil and ensiled feeds, which are sources of infection for food producing animals (i.e. ruminants). The most common route of infection for people is via ingestion of contaminated ready-to-eat food products such as ...
Li Liang - - 2013
In this paper, a C-F bond activation reaction of a chloro-bridged iridium(iii) dimer (dfppy)(2)Ir(μ-Cl)(2)Ir(dfppy)(2) () (dfppy denotes 2-(4,6-difluorophenyl)pyridyl) in the presence of sodium methoxide has been reported, leading to the formation of a heteroleptic cyclometalated iridium(iii) fluorophenylpyridine complex . HPLC-mass analysis confirmed the release of formaldehyde in the product mixture. ...
Rosty Christophe - - 2013
KRAS-mutated carcinomas comprise 35-40% of all colorectal carcinomas but little is known about their characteristics. The aim of this study was to examine the pathological and molecular features of KRAS-mutated colorectal carcinomas and to compare them with other carcinoma subgroups. KRAS mutation testing was performed in 776 incident tumors from ...
Zhang Shi-Yuan - - 2013
An air-stable and water-tolerant ortho-metallated complex [Co(tfb)(bpy)(2)](NO(3))·3H(2)O was obtained via hydrothermal synthesis. The mechanism for the formation of Co-C bond was studied using both DFT calculations and experimental analysis. This highly stable complex exhibits good catalytic performance for the selective oxidation of cyclohexane.
Brito-Zerón Pilar - - 2013
Primary Sjögren syndrome (SS) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by sicca features and systemic manifestations, and requires a multidisciplinary therapeutic approach. Treatment of sicca manifestations is symptomatic and is based on the administration of topical therapies (saliva substitutes and preservative-free artificial tears). In severe cases of keratoconjunctivitis sicca, ...
Otani Hiroshi - - 2013
In bacteria, the RNA polymerase holoenzyme comprises a five-subunit core enzyme and a dissociable subunit, sigma factor, which is responsible for transcriptional initiation. The filamentous bacterium Streptomyces griseus has 52 sigma factors, including one essential "principal" sigma factor (σ(HrdB) ) that is responsible for the transcription of housekeeping genes. Here ...
Posada-Quintero H F - - 2013
This work presents the evaluation of pulse rate variability (PRV) obtained from pulse onsets of photoplethysmographic (PPG) signals. Three published algorithms were used to determine the pulse onsets: diastolic point, maximum second derivative and tangent intersection. Temporal series of pulse onsets were obtained for each method, and several variability indices ...
Atkins P J - - 2013
SUMMARY The European badger (Meles meles) has been identified as a wildlife reservoir of bovine tuberculosis and a source of transmission to cattle in Britain and Ireland. Both behavioural ecology and statistical ecological modelling have indicated the long-term persistence of the disease in some badger communities, and this is postulated ...
Lee J J Department of Ophthalmology and Shiley Eye Center and Institute for Genomic Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0838, - - 2013
To determine whether there is an association between hepatic lipase (LIPC) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in two independent Caucasian cohorts. A discovery cohort of 1626 patients with advanced AMD and 859 normal controls and a replication cohort of 2159 cases and 1150 controls were genotyped for two single-nucleotide polymorphisms ...
Watt R G - - 2013
This is the final paper in a series reporting on the results of the 2009 Adult Dental Health Survey. Since 1968 national adult surveys have been repeated every decade with broadly similar methods providing a unique overview of trends in oral health over a 40-year period. This paper aims to ...
Ivanova N - - 2013
Common-envelope events (CEEs), during which two stars temporarily orbit within a shared envelope, are believed to be vital for the formation of a wide range of close binaries. For decades, the only evidence that CEEs actually occur has been indirect, based on the existence of systems that could not be ...
Prim Núria - - 2013
A one-year old boy with a history of Hirschsprung disease underwent an elective sigma resection by transverse infraumbilical laparotomy. A subclavian vein catheterization for parenteral nutrition was performed simultaneously. Antibiotic therapy with ceftriaxone and metronidazole was begun. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Woolnough Kerry - - 2013
Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is characterised by paradoxical inspiratory abduction of the vocal cords. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a known trigger. We studied 77 patients referred to a tertiary VCD clinic. VCD was diagnosed in 62 patients. 83.9% of this group had proven GORD. Following 8 weeks of acid ...
Ullmann N N Respiratory Paediatrics, Royal Brompton Hospital London and NHLI Imperial College London, London, - - 2013
The inflammatory phenotypes of severe asthma in adults may be reflected in peripheral blood. If this were true in children with severe therapy-resistant asthma (STRA), invasive tests could be avoided. At the moment there is no conclusive evidence in children. All patients underwent blood tests, exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), sputum ...
Lavikainen A - - 2013
SUMMARY Cestodes of the genus Taenia are parasites of mammals, with mainly carnivores as definitive and herbivores as intermediate hosts. Various medium-sized cats, Lynx spp., are involved in the life cycles of several species of Taenia. The aim of the present study was to identify Taenia tapeworms in the Eurasian ...
Hoffmann G S - - 2013
Analysis of DNA from older samples, such as museum specimen, is a promising approach to studying genetics of populations and ecological processes across several generations. Here, we present a method for extracting high quality nuclear DNA for microsatellite analysis from antlers of red deer (Cervus elaphus). The genotyping of individuals ...
Warrier Satish K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Young patients with colorectal cancer pose diagnostic and management challenges. The study aim was to assess colorectal surgical practice in Australia and New Zealand with respect to management of young patients with colorectal cancer and the impact of family history. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to members of ...
Shabani Arghavan - - 2013
A direct and efficient impedimetric method is presented for the detection of Bacillus anthracis Sterne vegetative cells, using Gamma phages as probes attached to screen-printed carbon electrode microarrays. The carbon electrodes were initially functionalized through cyclic-voltammetric reduction of a nitro-aryl diazonium moiety, followed by further reduction of nitro groups to ...
Korobova Farida F Department of Biochemistry, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH 03755, - - 2013
Mitochondrial fission is fundamentally important to cellular physiology. The dynamin-related protein Drp1 mediates fission, and interaction between mitochondrion and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) enhances fission. However, the mechanism for Drp1 recruitment to mitochondria is unclear, although previous results implicate actin involvement. Here, we found that actin polymerization through ER-localized inverted formin ...
Kumazoe Motofumi - - 2013
The 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR) is a laminin-binding protein overexpressed in various types of cancer, including bile duct carcinoma, colorectal carcinoma, cervical cancer, and breast carcinoma. 67LR plays a vital role in growth and metastasis of tumor cells and resistance to chemotherapy. Here, we show that 67LR functions as a ...
Suresh C - - 2013
This experiment was conducted to determine the optimum level of a maize-soybean meal-wheat bran concentrate supplement fed to captive spotted deer fed an oat and berseem fodder-based diet. Twelve adult spotted deer [64-76 kg body weight (BW)] were distributed into three groups of four each and were housed individually. A diet ...
Rao Qiu - - 2013
Glandular neoplasms involving the urinary bladder carry a challenging differential diagnosis including primary and secondary processes. We investigated the potential diagnostic utility of cadherin-17 and GATA3 in 25 primary adenocarcinomas of the urinary bladder, as compared with other commonly used markers including β-catenin and p63. Urothelial carcinoma with glandular differentiation ...
Hirano Yukinori - - 2013
Canonical aversive long-term memory (LTM) formation in Drosophila requires multiple spaced trainings, whereas appetitive LTM can be formed after a single training. Appetitive LTM requires fasting prior to training, which increases motivation for food intake. However, we found that fasting facilitated LTM formation in general; aversive LTM formation also occurred ...
Sharda Navreet - - 2013
Cardiac involvement is a rare initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus. An 11-year-old girl was described to have massive haemorrhagic pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, which was later diagnosed as systemic lupus erythematosus. Therefore, in children presenting with cardiac tamponade, systemic lupus erythematosus should be considered as one of the ...
Bhalla Ritu R Michigan Center for Translational Pathology, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
Identification of new molecular markers has led to the molecular classification of prostate cancer based on driving genetic lesions. The translation of these discoveries for clinical use necessitates the development of simple, reliable and rapid detection systems to screen patients for specific molecular aberrations. We developed two dual-color immunohistochemistry-based assays ...
Mazumdar Suman - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Due to its abundance and low-price, glycerol has become an attractive carbon source for the industrial production of value-added fuels and chemicals. This work reports the engineering of E. coli for the efficient conversion of glycerol into L-lactic acid (L-lactate). RESULTS: Escherichia coli strains have previously been metabolically ...
van den Bogaard Ellen H - - 2013
Topical application of coal tar is one of the oldest therapies for atopic dermatitis (AD), a T helper 2 (Th2) lymphocyte-mediated skin disease associated with loss-of-function mutations in the skin barrier gene, filaggrin (FLG). Despite its longstanding clinical use and efficacy, the molecular mechanism of coal tar therapy is unknown. ...
Andrew N H NH South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology and the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia. - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to assess the utility of intraorbital injection of triamcinolone acetonide as a primary treatment option for orbital reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH). Retrospective, single-centre, interventional case series. Intraorbital injection of triamcinolone acetonide was associated with complete resolution of all symptoms and signs in four cases ...
Du Feng - - 2013
A novel detection method for RNA pathogens based on one-step reverse transcription PCR is introduced here. This method utilized the reverse transcriptase activity and the 5'-nuclease activity of TaqM1 DNA polymerase to transform target RNA into cDNA. The following PCR process released a fragment from the 5' end as a ...
Ahmadi Omid - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Immunosenescence may contribute to an observed increase in infections and specific cancers in the elderly. Lymph nodes play a key role in the body's immune system. A systematic review was undertaken to investigate the effects of senescence on lymph node number and morphology. METHODS: Electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, Embase ...
Baumgardt J A - - 2013
Population sex ratio is an important metric for wildlife management and conservation, but estimates can be difficult to obtain, particularly for sexually monomorphic species or for species that differ in detection probability between the sexes. Noninvasive genetic sampling (NGS) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become a common method for ...
Kim B J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient air pollution and bronchiolitis are risk factors for asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of air pollution on the development of asthma in children with past episodes of bronchiolitis. METHODS: A prospective 2-year follow-up survey consisting of parental responses to the ...
Fusco Nicola - - 2013
The assessment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status in gastric cancer is crucial in selecting patients who may benefit from targeted therapy, yet heterogeneous expression could represent an important drawback for HER2 testing. We aimed to analyze (i) HER2 heterogeneity in primary gastric cancers, pre-neoplastic and metastatic ...
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