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Begkas Dimitrios - - 2013
In September 2011, a 52-year old patient suffering from psoriatic arthritis and being treated for an upper respiratory tract infection, presented to the emergency department of Argos General Hospital with fever and a painful, swollen right knee. He underwent clinical, laboratory and imaging examinations. Initially blood and synovial luid cultures ...
Jagodić Samed - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine a frequency and a type of early and late surgical complications in kidney transplantation, their impact on renal graft survival among 80 patients, 54 (67.5%) males and 26 (32.5%) females who had undergone a living and cadaveric kidney transplant at the Surgery ...
Tanaka Yusuke - - 2013
Müllerian duct anomalies are known to cause infertility and reproductive problems. The true incidence of such abnormalities is not well defined. The most widely accepted method of classification for a Müllerian duct anomaly is the American Society of Reproductive Medicine classification (1988). However, there are some rare anomalies inconsistent with ...
- - 2013
A short cut review was carried out to establish the administration of an alpha-1 receptor antagonist or a calcium channel blocker would facilitate the most rapid and successful expulsion of a stone from a patient with uncomplicated renal colic. 597 articles were found using the reported search, of which five ...
Yılmaz Erkan - - 2013
HLA plays a complementary role in the interaction between tumor and body immunology. The aim of this study was to determine the existence of the association between the HLA system and transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Using standard micro-lymphocytotoxic method of Terasaki, HLA-A, B, DR and DQ antigen types of 30 ...
Inoue Mikihiro - - 2013
We report the pediatric case of ileal Crohn's disease in which the patient underwent transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic ileocecal resection. A 14-year-old boy with severe growth disturbance presented with intestinal obstruction. Transanal double-balloon enteroscopy and contrast study during endoscopy revealed a cobble stone appearance and a severe stricture 15 cm in length ...
Bodur Serkan - - 2013
Aim The present study was designed to assess the signiicance of mean platelet volume on the pathogenesis and management of adenomyosis. Methods A total of 26 patients out of 123 with pathologically conirmed adenomyosis in hysterectomy specimens without concomitant gynecological pathology were selected for the study. Control group was consisted ...
Pajtić Vesna - - 2013
Blunt trauma of the thoracic aorta is the second leading cause of death in trafic accidents, after head injuries. A polytraumatized patient, aged 40, was admitted, with trauma of the thoracic aortic isthmus, after a trafic accident. Adequate resuscitation and intensive therapy, angiographic and MSCT diagnostics enabled the urgent surgical ...
Arnold Scott M - - 2013
Abstract A framework of "Common Criteria" (i.e. a series of questions) has been developed to inform the use and evaluation of biomonitoring data in the context of human exposure and risk assessment. The data-rich chemical benzene was selected for use in a case study to assess whether refinement of the ...
Berto Alessandra - - 2013
We investigated viability of hepatitis E virus (HEV) identified in contaminated pork liver sausages obtained from France. HEV replication was demonstrated in 1 of 4 samples by using a 3-dimensional cell culture system. The risk for human infection with HEV by consumption of these sausages should be considered to be ...
Drobeniuc Jan - - 2013
To investigate characteristics of hepatitis E cases in the United States, we tested samples from persons seronegative for acute hepatitis A and B whose clinical specimens were referred to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention during June 2005-March 2012 for hepatitis E virus (HEV) testing. We found that 26 ...
Palomar Ana M - - 2013
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus was detected in ticks removed from migratory birds in Morocco. This finding demonstrates the circulation of this virus in northwestern Africa and supports the hypothesis that the virus can be introduced into Europe by infected ticks transported from Africa by migratory birds.
de Perio Marie A - - 2013
During a health hazard evaluation, we investigated 29 cases of laboratory-diagnosed Campylobacter infection among workers at a poultry-processing plant. Most infected employees worked at the plant <1 month, worked as live hangers, and lived at a state-operated center. To lessen the infection risk, we recommended improvements to engineering and administrative ...
Sazzad Hossain M S - - 2013
Active Nipah virus encephalitis surveillance identified an encephalitis cluster and sporadic cases in Faridpur, Bangladesh, in January 2010. We identified 16 case-patients; 14 of these patients died. For 1 case-patient, the only known exposure was hugging a deceased patient with a probable case, while another case-patient's exposure involved preparing the ...
Cabanel Nicolas - - 2013
After 25 years of no cases of plague, this disease recurred near Tobruk, Libya, in 2009. An epidemiologic investigation identified 5 confirmed cases. We determined ribotypes, Not1 restriction profiles, and IS100 and IS1541 hybridization patterns of strains isolated during this outbreak. We also analyzed strains isolated during the 2003 plague ...
Aradaib Imadeldin E - - 2013
To elucidate whether Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) diversity in Sudan resulted from multiple introductions or from acquired changes over time from 1 introduction event, we generated complete genome sequences from RVFV strains detected during the 2007 and 2010 outbreaks. Phylogenetic analyses of small, medium, and large RNA segment sequences ...
Burton Alexandra J - - 2013
Macrolide and rifampin resistance developed on a horse breeding farm after widespread use was instituted for treatment of subclinical pulmonary lesions in foals. Resistance occurred in 6 (24%) of 25 pretreatment and 8 (62%) of 13 (62%) posttreatment isolates from affected foals. Drug-resistant isolates formed 2 distinct genotypic clusters.
Li Hao - - 2013
We detected Bartonella quintana in 48.6% of captive rhesus macaques from an animal facility in Beijing, China. Prevalence of infection increased over the period of observation. Our findings suggest that macaques may serve as reservoir hosts for B. quintana and that Pedicinus obtusus lice might act as efficient vectors.
Goutier Sandrine - - 2013
Borrelia crocidurae-associated relapsing fever is endemic to West Africa and is considered benign. We report 4 patients with B. crocidurae-associated neurologic symptoms; 2 of their cases had been misdiagnosed. Frequency and severity of this disease could be underestimated; molecular methods and serodiagnostic tests for Lyme disease might be helpful in ...
Horm Srey Viseth - - 2013
In Cambodia, influenza A(H5N1) virus surveillance at live poultry markets (LPMs) relies on virus isolation from poultry specimens; however, virus is rarely detected by this method. We tested 502 environmental LPM samples: 90 were positive by PCR, 10 by virus isolation. Virus circulation could be better monitored by environmental sampling ...
Zheng Yang - - 2013
To identify risk factors associated with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 among students in Beijing, China, we conducted a case-control study. Participants (304 case-patients and 608 controls, age range 6-19 years) were interviewed by using a standardized questionnaire. We found that in addition to vaccination, nonpharmaceutical interventions appeared to be protective.
Dill Tatjana - - 2013
Rickettsioses caused by typhus group rickettsiae have been reported in various African regions. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1,227 participants from 9 different sites in the Mbeya region, Tanzania; overall seroprevalence of typhus group rickettsiae was 9.3%. Risk factors identified in multivariable analysis included low vegetation density and highway ...
Dar Osman - - 2013
Although Rift Valley fever is a disease that, through its wider societal effects, disproportionately affects vulnerable communities with poor resilience to economic and environmental challenge, Rift Valley fever virus has since its discovery in 1931 been neglected by major global donors and disease control programs. We describe recent outbreaks affecting ...
Nakazawa Yoshinori - - 2013
Identification of human monkeypox cases during 2005 in southern Sudan (now South Sudan) raised several questions about the natural history of monkeypox virus (MPXV) in Africa. The outbreak area, characterized by seasonally dry riverine grasslands, is not identified as environmentally suitable for MPXV transmission. We examined possible origins of this ...
Weissenböck Herbert - - 2013
Retrospective analysis of archived tissue samples from bird deaths in the Tuscany region of Italy in 1996 identified Usutu virus. Partial sequencing confirmed identity with the 2001 Vienna strain and provided evidence for a much earlier introduction of this virus into Europe than previously assumed.
Sulzbacher Florian - - 2013
To evaluate the functional treatment response 3 months and 12 months after monthly ranibizumab in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NAMD). Twenty-six eyes showing treatment-naïve NAMD were examined with the Heidelberg Spectralis OCT (SD-OCT) and the Nidek MP-1 microperimeter (MP) at baseline, after 3 months, and after 12 months of monthly ...
Fukuda Shinichi - - 2013
To investigate the tissue properties of keratoconic and normal corneas in vivo by using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT), and to evaluate early keratoconus by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) and Mahalanobis distance analysis. Thirty-one eyes of 20 patients with keratoconus, 7 eyes of 7 patients ...
Wang Zhen - - 2013
The human lens fiber cell insoluble membrane fraction contains important membrane proteins, cytoskeletal proteins, and cytosolic proteins that are strongly associated with the membrane. The purpose of this study was to characterize the lens fiber cell membrane proteome and phosphoproteome from human lenses. HPLC-mass spectrometry-based multidimensional protein identification technology (MudPIT), ...
Cerutti Andrea - - 2013
Protective responses to microorganisms involve the nonspecific but rapid defence mechanisms of the innate immune system, followed by the specific but slow defence mechanisms of the adaptive immune system. Located as sentinels at the interface between the circulation and lymphoid tissue, splenic marginal zone B cells rapidly respond to blood-borne ...
Bernstein David - - 2013
This review provides a basis for substantiating both kinetically and pathologically the differences between chrysotile and amphibole asbestos. Chrysotile, which is rapidly attacked by the acid environment of the macrophage, falls apart in the lung into short fibers and particles, while the amphibole asbestos persist creating a response to the ...
Tefferi Ayalew - - 2013
Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by stem cell-derived clonal myeloproliferation, abnormal cytokine expression, bone marrow fibrosis, anemia, splenomegaly, extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH), constitutional symptoms, cachexia, leukemic progression, and shortened survival. Diagnosis is based on bone marrow morphology. The presence of fibrosis, JAK2/MPL mutation, or +9/13q- cytogenetic abnormality is ...
Corona Benjamin T BT Muscle Biology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. - - 2013
Nitric oxide (NO) signaling regulates many biological processes in skeletal muscle, wherein aberrant signaling contributes to myopathic conditions (e.g., Duchenne muscular dystrophy). NO has been shown to play a role in muscle regeneration after injury. However, less is known about its role during injury. In this study we aimed to ...
Shao Shiying S Division of Endocrinology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, People's Republic of - - 2013
The increasing incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is partially due to the rising obesity rates and the elevated levels of free fatty acids (FFAs). It is known that FFAs are putative mediators of beta-cell dysfunction, which is characterized with impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and increased apoptosis, being defined as ...
Kodama Satoru S Department of Health Management Center, Mito Kyodo General Hospital, Mito City, - - 2013
The association between habitual physical activity (PA) and lowered risk of all-cause mortality (ACM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been suggested in patients with diabetes. This meta-analysis summarizes the risk reduction in relation to PA, focusing on clarifying dose-response associations. Electronic literature searches were conducted for cohort studies that examined ...
Costes Safia S Division of Endocrinology, Larry L. Hillblom Islet Research Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA. - - 2013
The islet in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is characterized by a deficit in β-cells, increased β-cell apoptosis, and extracellular amyloid deposits derived from islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP). In the absence of longitudinal studies, it is unknown if the low β-cell mass in T2DM precedes diabetes onset (is a risk factor ...
Kan Carol C Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London, London, UK. - - 2013
Depression is associated with the onset of type 2 diabetes. A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies, controlled trials, and unpublished data was conducted to examine the association between depression and insulin resistance (IR). Medline, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched for studies published up to September 2011. Two independent ...
Munywoki Patrick Kiio PK KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya. - - 2013
Severe lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in infants caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has been associated with later pneumonia hospitalization among children. To determine risk for pneumonia after RSV hospitalization in infancy, we conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of 2,813 infants admitted to a hospital in Kenya and identified ...
Vantourout Pierre P London Research Institute, Cancer Research UK, London WC2A 3LY, - - 2013
γδ T cells are a unique and conserved population of lymphocytes that have been the subject of a recent explosion of interest owing to their essential contributions to many types of immune response and immunopathology. But what does the integration of recent and long-established studies really tell us about these ...
Bender Shawn B SB Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri, USA. - - 2013
Two-thirds of adults in the U.S. are overweight or obese, and another 26 million have type 2 diabetes (T2D). Patients with diabetes and/or the metabolic syndrome have a significantly increased risk of heart attack and stroke compared with people with normal insulin sensitivity. Decreased insulin sensitivity in cardiovascular tissues as ...
Nguyen Thuy L T TL Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0009, USA. - - 2013
Proliferative (cellular) nodules (PN) which mimic malignant melanoma clinically and histologically are described in congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) and may pose significant diagnostic challenges. We report the case of a 10-day-old male with a giant congenital nevus involving the neck, upper chest, back, and left shoulder containing several nodular lesions, ...
Gardiner Stuart K SK Devers Eye Institute, Legacy Health, Portland, OR 97232, USA. - - 2013
Trend analysis techniques to detect glaucomatous progression typically assume a constant rate of change. This study uses data from the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study to assess whether this assumption decreases sensitivity to changes in progression rate, by including earlier periods of stability. Series of visual fields (mean 24 per eye) ...
Spits Hergen H Tytgat Institute for Liver and Intestinal Research, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are a family of developmentally related cells that are involved in immunity and in tissue development and remodelling. Recent research has identified several distinct members of this family. Confusingly, many different names have been used to characterize these newly identified ILC subsets. Here, we propose that ...
Pietrzak Aldona A Department of Dermatology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, - - 2013
Psoriasis, a systemic inflammatory disease, is associated with enhanced atherosclerosis and risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease, which may account for higher morbidity and mortality rates in psoriatic patients. It especially applies to younger psoriatic patients with more severe disease, reducing their life expectancy. The aim of the study was to ...
Bian Yuzhu Y Artificial Cells and Organs Research Center, Departments of Physiology, Medicine and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2013
Even though erythrocytes transport both oxygen and carbon dioxide, research on blood substitutes has concentrated on the transport of oxygen and its vasoactivity and oxidative effects. Recent study in a hemorrhagic shock animal model shows that the degree of tissue PCO(2) elevation is directly related to mortality rates. We therefore ...
Wellington Elizabeth M H EM School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK. - - 2013
During the past 10 years, multidrug-resistant Gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae have become a substantial challenge to infection control. It has been suggested by clinicians that the effectiveness of antibiotics is in such rapid decline that, depending on the pathogen concerned, their future utility can be measured in decades or even years. Unless ...
El Helou Gilbert G Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control and Employee Health, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
About 20 species of rapidly growing mycobacteria species that are capable of infecting human beings and causing bloodstream infections have been identified. Many more of these species are being discovered worldwide, especially in resource-poor settings. These microorganisms have been known to cause outbreaks and pseudo-outbreaks. Although rapidly growing mycobacteria are ...
Morgan John W R JW University Chemical Laboratories, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW, United - - 2013
A model potential for colloidal building blocks is defined with two different types of attractive surface sites, described as complementary patches and antipatches. A Bernal spiral is identified as the global minimum for clusters with appropriate arrangements of three patch-antipatch pairs. We further derive a minimalist design rule with only ...
Lopez Steven A - - 2013
The transition structures for the 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of phenyl azide to enamines derived from acetophenone or phenylacetaldehyde and piperidine, morpholine, or pyrrolidine were located using quantum mechanical methods. These cycloadditions were studied experimentally in 1975 by Meilahn, Cox, and Munk (J. Org. Chem. 1975, 40, 819-823). Calculations were carried out ...
Kronqvist C - - 2013
This experiment studied the effect of pre-partal milk removal on calcium metabolism at start of milking and at calving. Nine cows of the Swedish Red breed were milked for 1-7 days pre-partum. The average milk yield at the first milking was 4.8 l, and the average yield the last day prior to ...
Riggs Erin Rooney - - 2013
Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) is standard of care, first-tier clinical testing for detection of genomic copy number variation (CNV) among patients with developmental disabilities. Although diagnostic yield is higher than traditional cytogenetic testing, management impact has not been well studied. We surveyed genetic services providers regarding CMA ordering practices and ...
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