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Møller Peter - - 2013
Abstract Exposure to combustion-derived particles, quartz and asbestos is associated with increased levels of oxidized and mutagenic DNA lesions. The aim of this survey was to critically assess the measurements of oxidatively damaged DNA as marker of particle-induced genotoxicity in animal tissues. Publications based on non-optimal assays of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine by ...
Lazarević Predrag - - 2013
Aim To observe the effect of standardized ten-day diabetes prevention and control program on glycemic control, and to analyze factors contributing signiicantly to improvement of glycemic control after the program/intervention. Methods A cross-sectional nested case-control study on 91 adult patients with insulin-requiring type 2 diabetes mellitus who underwent a standardized ...
Vantourout Pierre P London Research Institute, Cancer Research UK, London WC2A 3LY, - - 2013
γδ T cells are a unique and conserved population of lymphocytes that have been the subject of a recent explosion of interest owing to their essential contributions to many types of immune response and immunopathology. But what does the integration of recent and long-established studies really tell us about these ...
Jagodić Samed - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine a frequency and a type of early and late surgical complications in kidney transplantation, their impact on renal graft survival among 80 patients, 54 (67.5%) males and 26 (32.5%) females who had undergone a living and cadaveric kidney transplant at the Surgery ...
Inoue Mikihiro - - 2013
We report the pediatric case of ileal Crohn's disease in which the patient underwent transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic ileocecal resection. A 14-year-old boy with severe growth disturbance presented with intestinal obstruction. Transanal double-balloon enteroscopy and contrast study during endoscopy revealed a cobble stone appearance and a severe stricture 15 cm in length ...
Uzunović Selma - - 2013
During the 2002-2006 periods two bilateral government scientific projects between R Slovenia and R/F Bosna and Herzegovina related to Campylobacter epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance took place, resulting in significant results. In this review key findings relating to Campylobacter epidemiology in Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina, were presented.
R Grujović Zoran - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate a potential association of certain risk factors in orthopedic patients with surgical site infection (SSI) occurrence. The study population consisted of all patients who underwent surgery at the Orthopedic and Traumatology Clinic of the University Hospital in Kragujevac (n = 801) over ...
Nakazawa Yoshinori - - 2013
Identification of human monkeypox cases during 2005 in southern Sudan (now South Sudan) raised several questions about the natural history of monkeypox virus (MPXV) in Africa. The outbreak area, characterized by seasonally dry riverine grasslands, is not identified as environmentally suitable for MPXV transmission. We examined possible origins of this ...
Gardiner Stuart K SK Devers Eye Institute, Legacy Health, Portland, OR 97232, USA. - - 2013
Trend analysis techniques to detect glaucomatous progression typically assume a constant rate of change. This study uses data from the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study to assess whether this assumption decreases sensitivity to changes in progression rate, by including earlier periods of stability. Series of visual fields (mean 24 per eye) ...
Edwards Max R - - 2013
The Reflection uncemented acetabular component (Smith & Nephew, Memphis, Tenn) for total hip arthroplasty is available in 2 geometric variants. The first has a completely hemispherical design; the second has a peripheral rim expansion designed to increase initial press fit and aid osseointegration. The clinical and radiologic outcomes of 527 ...
Munywoki Patrick Kiio PK KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya. - - 2013
Severe lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in infants caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has been associated with later pneumonia hospitalization among children. To determine risk for pneumonia after RSV hospitalization in infancy, we conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of 2,813 infants admitted to a hospital in Kenya and identified ...
Bender Shawn B SB Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri, USA. - - 2013
Two-thirds of adults in the U.S. are overweight or obese, and another 26 million have type 2 diabetes (T2D). Patients with diabetes and/or the metabolic syndrome have a significantly increased risk of heart attack and stroke compared with people with normal insulin sensitivity. Decreased insulin sensitivity in cardiovascular tissues as ...
Sayın Aslıhan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of traumatic childhood events and recent adverse life events, as well as the Disrupted in Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) gene polymorphisms on types of last acute symptoms of patients with schizophrenia. Hundred patients with schizophrenia were given the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the ...
Rahmani Nasrin - - 2013
The clinical characteristics, pathological subtypes and patients' survival in 40 patients with thyroid carcinoma between March 2007 and March 2012 were evaluated. This study included 33 (82.5 %) females and seven (17.5%) males (female to male ratio of 4.7:1). The median age of patients was 47.5 (range; 24-64). Papillary carcinoma ...
Bernasconi Paolo - - 2013
This study evaluated whether the NCCSS truly improves the prognostic stratification of 630 consecutive de novo MDS patients and established which cytogenetic grouping [NCCSS or International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS)], when combined with the WHO classification, best predicted the clinical outcome of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The frequency of chromosomal defects ...
Zheng Yang - - 2013
To identify risk factors associated with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 among students in Beijing, China, we conducted a case-control study. Participants (304 case-patients and 608 controls, age range 6-19 years) were interviewed by using a standardized questionnaire. We found that in addition to vaccination, nonpharmaceutical interventions appeared to be protective.
Isik Cengiz - - 2013
To compare only partial matrixectomy and combination techniques (partial matrixectomy + phenol application) in the treatment of patients with an ingrown toenail in terms of recurrence, residual pain level and time of return to daily activities. Methods The study included 118 patients with moderately ingrown toenails who were unresponsive to ...
Jusufović Vahid - - 2013
A 24-year old man presented to the Policlinic with severe visual impairment in his left eye. The patient had been treated earlier with Iodine-125 brachytherapy due to iris melanoma. Clinical examination revealed low visual acuity, iltration device, iris atrophy, posterior synachiae and completely white cataract. Ultrasonography revealed scleral thinning with ...
de Oliveira Felipe Ladeira - - 2013
Objectives  Netherton's syndrome (NS) is a rare autosomal recessive condition, first described in 1958, which involves a complex immunological dysfunction, ichthyosiform dermatitis, and erythroderma, characteristic defects of the hair shaft and atopy. Recurrent bacterial infection in the skin of patients with NS is frequent. Methods  This paper represents the first ...
Milan Zoka - - 2013
Aim To investigate the relation of body mass index (BMI) with postoperative pain scores and volume of local anaesthetic (LA) administered epidurally in patients undergoing liver resection surgery. Methods Retrospective data from 167 patients who had epidural analgesia (EA) for liver resection surgery were analysed: 123 with BMI less 30kgm-2 ...
- - 2013
COVER FIGURE Aortic calcification (arrows) characteristic of the Singelton-Merten syndrome: the calcifi cations are evident on a chest X-ray and chest CT scan in case 1 (a, b), and on a chest X-ray in case 7 (c) at 12 years. See article by Feigenbaum et al. in this issue.
Arnold Scott M - - 2013
Abstract A framework of "Common Criteria" (i.e. a series of questions) has been developed to inform the use and evaluation of biomonitoring data in the context of human exposure and risk assessment. The data-rich chemical benzene was selected for use in a case study to assess whether refinement of the ...
Dar Osman - - 2013
Although Rift Valley fever is a disease that, through its wider societal effects, disproportionately affects vulnerable communities with poor resilience to economic and environmental challenge, Rift Valley fever virus has since its discovery in 1931 been neglected by major global donors and disease control programs. We describe recent outbreaks affecting ...
Kiprono Samson - - 2013
Background  Vitiligo is an acquired, predominantly asymptomatic, depigmenting disorder with profound psychological effects. Methods  This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the Regional Dermatology Training Center in Moshi, Tanzania. All 88 patients with vitiligo older than 15 years of age who attended the skin clinic from October 2009 to April 2010 ...
Ucar Mahmut - - 2013
Aim Oral anticoagulants are the most common used substance for treatment and prophylaxis of warfarin venous and arterial thromboembolic disorders in the world. Therapeutic index of warfarin is narrow. CYP2C9 is a hepatic microsomal enzyme and has a primary role in metabolism of warfarin and genetic variations of CYP2C9 may ...
Fukuda Shinichi - - 2013
To investigate the tissue properties of keratoconic and normal corneas in vivo by using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT), and to evaluate early keratoconus by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) and Mahalanobis distance analysis. Thirty-one eyes of 20 patients with keratoconus, 7 eyes of 7 patients ...
Kutlucan Ali - - 2013
Aim To compare the urine iodine, luoride, and to measure thyroid volumes in 10-15-year-old children using ultrasonography, a gold standard in evaluating thyroid volume. Methods A total of 261 children were enrolled into the study group from the 4-8th grades of 3 different primary schools, which were in the zone ...
Duran Arif - - 2013
To evaluate the epidemiological characteristics, etiology, and therapeutic outcome of gastrointestinal disorders in 269 patients who underwent emergency upper gastrointestinal (EUGI) endoscopy at the Emergency Department. Abdominal pain was the most common clinical indication, in 90 (33.5%) patients. The clinical reasons for emergency admission were signiicantly related to endoscopic diagnostic ...
Souris Jeffrey S - - 2013
AbstractAt present, there is considerable interest in the use of in vivo fluorescence and bioluminescence imaging to track the onset and progression of pathologic processes in preclinical models of human disease. Optical quantitation of such phenomena, however, is often problematic, frequently complicated by the overlying tissue's scattering and absorption of ...
Papalas John A - - 2013
ABSTRACT:: The subepidermal hormonally sensitive tissue of the vulva is anatomically unique and may give rise to a wide variety of vascular tumors. As a consequence, classifying vulvar vascular lesions has been challenging due both to the wide variety of lesions that may be encountered and the heterogeneity in reporting ...
Horm Srey Viseth - - 2013
In Cambodia, influenza A(H5N1) virus surveillance at live poultry markets (LPMs) relies on virus isolation from poultry specimens; however, virus is rarely detected by this method. We tested 502 environmental LPM samples: 90 were positive by PCR, 10 by virus isolation. Virus circulation could be better monitored by environmental sampling ...
Rami Helvaci Mehmet - - 2013
Aim We tried to understand whether or not there was a gender difference in coronary artery interventions in coronary heart disease (CHD) cases in the present study. Methods The study was performed in two phases. The irst phase was performed at the Internal Medicine Polyclinic of the Dumlupinar University between ...
Zivić Ljubica - - 2013
This paper presents antrochoanal polyp of unusually large size (8x5 cm), which we removed in a 34-year old patient by the antral portion by the Caldwell-Luc approach and the portion form the epipharynx through the oral cavity with skew pliers for the pharynx biopsy.
Aradaib Imadeldin E - - 2013
To elucidate whether Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) diversity in Sudan resulted from multiple introductions or from acquired changes over time from 1 introduction event, we generated complete genome sequences from RVFV strains detected during the 2007 and 2010 outbreaks. Phylogenetic analyses of small, medium, and large RNA segment sequences ...
Shao Guoqiang - - 2013
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to validate 99mTc-3P-RGD2 single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) as an imaging tool to monitor αvβ3 expression and tumor necrosis. The animal model was established by subcutaneous injection of 5 × 106 U87MG cells into the shoulder flank of each mouse. Imaging was performed ...
Barrio-Barrio Jesús - - 2013
Purpose:  To compile a multicenter normative database of retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) and macular thicknesses and macular volume values in healthy Caucasian children 4-17 years using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). To analyse variations in the OCT measurements as a function of age, sex, refraction, and axial length (AL). Methods:  ...
Beger Josefine - - 2013
Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is an important tool for accurate staging of patients with melanoma. There is an ongoing debate whether the procedure provides therapeutic benefits or not. We wanted to analyze 10-year data from an academic teaching hospital. During 1999-2009, 977 patients with early cutaneous melanoma have been ...
Nevoralová Zuzana - - 2013
Background  Depression and mood changes appear as potentional side effects of isotretinoin in the Summary of Product Characteristics. There have been many studies treating this topic but in most cases not identifying any significant depression or suicide risk. To further investigate this issue, we conducted a prospective, uncontrolled study to ...
Küçükbayrak Abdulkadir - - 2013
Aim To investigate links between platelet parameters mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet count (PC), platelet distribution width (PDW), platelet mass (PM) and brucella tube agglutination titers (BSTAT) in patients with brucellosis. Initially, PC, MPV, PM and PDW calculations were compared between periods before and after treatment. The correlation between inlammation ...
Damnjanović Zoran - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the seasons variations in incidence of limbs acute ischemia (LAI) as well as the connection between seasons with location of LAI, old age and gender. During the three year period between January 2009 and December 2011, at the Clinic for Vascular Surgery, ...
Stelter Lars - - 2013
AbstractBased on their inability to express argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS), some cancer entities feature the characteristic of l-arginine (Arg) auxotrophy. This inability to intrinsically generate Arg makes them applicable for arginine deiminase (ADI) treatment, an Arg-depleting drug. Arg is also used for the synthesis of endothelial nitric oxide (NO), which mainly ...
Drenjančević Ines - - 2013
Bone remodeling is a lifetime process. Peak bone mass is achieved in the twenties, and that value is very important for skeleton health in older years of life. Modern life style with its diet poor in nutrients, and very low intensity of physical activity negatively influences health in general, and ...
Zafer Mengeloglu Firat - - 2013
Blood culture, the basic method used in the diagnosis of bacteremia or sepsis, is decisive for patient's treatment. It is emerging whether the isolated microorganism is a causative agent of the infection or a contaminant. The aim of this study was to determine whether Gram-positive microorganisms, which were isolated from ...
Mees Gilles - - 2013
AbstractTumor hypoxia and tumor metabolism are linked through the activation of metabolic genes following hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) activation. This raises the question of whether this relationship can be exploited to improve 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose positron emission tomography ([18F]FDG-PET). To do this, [18F]FDG uptake was investigated after chemical induction of hypoxia and ...
Li Hao - - 2013
We detected Bartonella quintana in 48.6% of captive rhesus macaques from an animal facility in Beijing, China. Prevalence of infection increased over the period of observation. Our findings suggest that macaques may serve as reservoir hosts for B. quintana and that Pedicinus obtusus lice might act as efficient vectors.
Sait Doğan Mehmet - - 2013
Aim To evaluate the eficacy of the Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Perfusion (CMRP) method in detection of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) by comparing CMRP indings with the results of Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA) or Catheter Coronary Angiography (CCA). Methods Thirty one patients in whom CMRP was performed along with CCTA ...
N Salkić Nermin - - 2013
A case of a 45-year-old Caucasian male initially reported with symptoms of acute intestinal obstruction was presented. Diagnostic tests revealed presence of eosinophilic ascites with marked peripheral eosinophilia, a signiicant thickening of stomach and intestinal wall and iniltration of gastric and duodenal mucosa with eosinophiles. Findings were conclusive with subserosal ...
Nguyen Thuy L T TL Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0009, USA. - - 2013
Proliferative (cellular) nodules (PN) which mimic malignant melanoma clinically and histologically are described in congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) and may pose significant diagnostic challenges. We report the case of a 10-day-old male with a giant congenital nevus involving the neck, upper chest, back, and left shoulder containing several nodular lesions, ...
Dill Tatjana - - 2013
Rickettsioses caused by typhus group rickettsiae have been reported in various African regions. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1,227 participants from 9 different sites in the Mbeya region, Tanzania; overall seroprevalence of typhus group rickettsiae was 9.3%. Risk factors identified in multivariable analysis included low vegetation density and highway ...
Hoshyar Reyhane - - 2013
We previously showed the anticancer property of crocin, a carotenoid isolated and purified from saffron against chemical-induced gastric and breast cancer in rats. In this study, the mechanism of crocin action was investigated in the gastric adenocarcinoma (AGS) cells in comparison with human normal fibroblast skin cells (HFSF-PI3). Crocin revealed ...
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