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Results 651 - 700 of 2825
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Maniglio Roberto - - 2013
Maniglio R. The impact of child sexual abuse on the course of bipolar disorder: a systematic review. Bipolar Disord 2013: 00: 000-000. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Objectives:  The aim of this review was to elucidate the impact of child sexual abuse on all ...
Armando M R - - 2013
AIM: to evaluate the ability of probiotic Saccharomyces cerevisiae RC016 strain to reduce fumonisin B(1) (FB(1) ) in vitro and to optimize the culture conditions for the growth of the yeast employing surface response methodology. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using Plackett-Burman screening designs (PBSD) and central composite designs (CCD), an optimized ...
Durantini Andres Matias - - 2013
The behavior of 4-aminophthalimide (4-AP), a common molecular probe utilized in solvation dynamics experiments, was revisited in polar aprotic and protic solvents using absorption, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence (TRES) techniques. Also, the deuterium isotope effect was investigated using D2O as solvent. The absorption spectra of 4-AP consist of two absorption ...
Simpson Cherie - - 2013
Purpose: The purpose was to obtain a better understanding of the role of mastery (global and caregiving) in wives' versus daughters' experience of caring for a person with dementia. Method: A total of 67 caregivers participated in a cross-sectional study. Variables measured were global mastery, caregiving mastery, stress, and depressive ...
Landi Elena - - 2013
Porous macro-granules of nanostructured apatite with Ca ions partially cosubstituted with Mg and Sr ions in different ratios (SrMgHAs), were synthesized at 37°C and compared with Mg and/or Sr free apatites (MgHAs and HA). Strontium improved the Mg substitution extent in the apatite and the chemical-physical and thermal stability of ...
Voltas Jordi - - 2013
Winter-drought induced forest diebacks in the low-latitude margins of species' distribution ranges can provide new insights into the mechanisms (carbon starvation, hydraulic failure) underlying contrasting tree reactions. We analysed a winter-drought induced dieback at the Scots pine's southern edge through a dual-isotope approach (Δ(13) C and δ(18) O in tree-ring ...
Rahardjo Harrina E - - 2013
INTRODUCTION.: Vasoactive peptides, such as bradykinin, C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), and endothelin 1 (ET-1), are assumed to be involved in the control of female genital vascular and nonvascular smooth muscle. Tissue levels of said peptides are controlled by the activity of endopeptidase enzymes. Theoretically, in female ...
Tian Ji-Xin - - 2013
In this report, the in vitro metabolism of Strychnos alkaloids was investigated using liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry for the first time. Strychnine and brucine were selected as model compounds to determine the universal biotransformations of the Strychnos alkaloids in rat liver microsomes. The incubation mixtures were separated by a bidentate-C(18) ...
Mayoral Maria Jose - - 2013
A new oligophenyleneethynylene (OPE)-based Pd(II) pyridyl complex has been synthesized and its self-assembly in solution, in the bulk state and on surfaces investigated. Detailed analysis of concentration- and temperature-dependent UV-Vis studies in methylcyclohexane supported by DFT calculations demonstrate for the first time that cooperative supramolecular polymerization processes can be driven ...
Risco D - - 2013
Porcine brucellosis is a disease caused by Brucella suis, which is characterized by reproductive disorders in pigs. The number of cases of swine brucellosis has risen in many European countries, likely because of the presence of a wild reservoir of B. suis in wild boar. This study aimed at evaluating factors ...
Franks Z - - 2013
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA ) induces a pro-thrombotic and pro-inflammatory milieu. Although timely antibiotic administration in MRSA sepsis may improve outcomes by arresting bacterial growth, the effects of antibiotics on mitigating injurious thrombo-inflammatory cellular responses remains unexplored. Using a newly developed human whole blood model and an in vivo mouse ...
Gómez-Ortíz Nikte Maricela - - 2013
The presence and deteriorating action of microbial biofilms on historic stone buildings have received considerable attention in the last few years. Among microorganisms, fungi are one of the most damaging groups. In the present work, antimicrobial surfaces were prepared using suspensions of Ca(OH)(2) particles, mixed with ZnO or TiO(2) nanoparticles. ...
Kokosar Janez - - 2013
Molecular domestications of transposable elements have occurred repeatedly during the evolution of eukaryotes. Vertebrates, especially mammals, possess numerous single copy domesticated genes (DGs) that have originated from the intronless multicopy transposable elements. However, the origin and evolution of the retroelement-derived DGs (RDDGs) that originated from Metaviridae has been only partially ...
Haydin Sertac - - 2013
Congenital complete atrioventricular block can be concomitant with congenital heart diseases or maternal connective tissue disorders like systemic lupus erythematosus and Sjögren's syndrome. Such patients may require implantation of a permanent pacemaker due to ventricular dysfunction. While many methods of pacemaker implantation have been tested, one that is optimal for ...
Brown Jason C L - - 2013
Hibernating ground squirrels (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus) alternate between two distinct metabolic states throughout winter: torpor, during which metabolic rate (MR) and body temperature (T(b)) are considerably suppressed, and interbout euthermia (IBE), during which MR and T(b) briefly return to euthermic levels. Previous studies showed suppression of succinate-fueled respiration during torpor in ...
Tedore Cynthia - - 2013
In diverse and productive habitats, predaceous arthropods are expected to frequently encounter dangerous conspecifics and heterospecifics. This should make quick and accurate discriminations between species and sexes adaptive. By simultaneously sampling both visual cues and pheromones, and by utilizing stringent species- and sex-specific visual recognition templates, an individual should be ...
Griffin John F JF - - 2013
PURPOSE: To analyze four clinically applicable diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) protocols (two each in the transverse and sagittal planes) in the normal dog. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven healthy Dachshund dogs were scanned with four DTI protocols. Within each plane, identical spatial resolution was used while the number of diffusion-encoding directions ...
Hirschfield Gideon M - - 2013
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an autoimmune disease characterized by clinical homogeneity among patients, an overwhelming female predominance, production of a multilineage immune response to mitochondrial autoantigens, inflammation of small bile ducts, and in some patients the development of fibrosis and cirrhosis. The targets in this disease are small bile ...
Braham Amel - - 2013
AIM: The study aimed to examine whether the Arabic version of the Comprehensive Assessment of At Risk Mental States (CAARMS) has good construct validity, concurrent validity and reliability. METHODS: Validity was established on a sample of 58 Tunisian adolescents and young adults aged between 16 and 30 years. These subjects ...
Giannakopoulou Trisevgeni - - 2013
PURPOSE: It is widely accepted that monocular deprivation results in improved visual performance in the non-pathological eye. The current study investigates the effect of deprivation due to severe impairment in one eye during late childhood or adulthood, on the spatial performance of the fellow 'good' eye. METHODS: Twenty patients (age: ...
Raczynska Ewa Daniela - - 2013
All possible twenty-three prototropic tautomers of neutral and redox adenine (nine amine and fourteen imine forms, including geometric isomerism of the exo =NH group) were examined in vacuo {DFT(B3LYP)/6-311+G(d,p)}. The NH ---> NH conversions as well as those usually omitted, NH ---> CH and CH ---> CH, were considered. An ...
Cubrilovic Dragana - - 2013
Due to its favorable physicochemical properties, DMSO is the standard solvent for sample storage and handling of compounds in drug discovery. To date, little attention was given to how DMSO influences protein-ligand binding strengths. In this study we investigated the effects of DMSO on different noncovalent protein-ligand complexes, in particular ...
Takahashi Kei - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been recognized as a promising target for cancer therapy because it can induce apoptotic cell death in tumor cells but not normal cells. Despite TRAIL exhibits specific tumoricidal activity, resistance to TRAIL-induced apoptosis in some tumor cells has been considered as ...
Lepage Come - - 2013
Little is known about patients with malignant digestive neuroendocrine tumours (MD-NETs). Although their incidence is increasing, MD-NETs remain a rare cancer, representing 1% of digestive cancers. Most MD-NETs are well-differentiated. MD-NET poorly differentiated carcinomas account for 20% of cases on average. Anatomical localisation of MD-NETs varied according to geographic region. ...
Bravo S - - 2013
Caligus rogercresseyi is the most important parasite affecting Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout farming in sea water in Chile. After the outbreaks of the infectious salmon anaemia recorded in Region X from 2007, the salmon industry has expanded southwards to Region XI, where 60% of Atlantic salmon in Chile is ...
Morlando Maddalena - - 2013
Placenta accreta is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication of pregnancy characterized by abnormal adherence of the placenta to the uterine wall. A previously scarred uterus or an abnormal site of placentation in the lower segment are major risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the change ...
Htin Anthony Kwan Fu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy has been shown to be efficacious, safe and cost-effective for a variety of infections. The data from managing infective endocarditis (IE) with Hospital in the Home (HITH) is limited. We evaluated the safety and outcomes of patients with IE treated with HITH at our centre. ...
Terrasa Jean-Baptiste - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: A few studies have investigated the impact of photovaporization of the prostate (PVP) on sexual function and were mainly focused on erectile function. AIMS: To comprehensively evaluate the impact of PVP on sexual function. METHODS: A prospective evaluation involved sexually active patients needing surgical relief of bladder outlet obstruction ...
Liu Yue - - 2013
Due to having many low molecular mass substrates, CYP2E1 is of particular interests to the pharmaceutical industry. Many evidences showed that this enzyme can adopt multiple substrates to significantly reduce the oxidation rate of the substrates. The detailed mechanism for this observation is still unclear. In the current study, we ...
Lin Ning - - 2013
Using grafted b-cyclodextrin as targeting sites, Pluronic polymers have been introduced on the surface of cellulose nanocrystals by means of inclusion interaction between b-cyclodextrin and hydrophobic segment of the polymer. Because of steric stabilization effect, surface poly(ethylene glycol) chains facilitate the dispersion and compatibility of nanocrystals, which also enhance the ...
Birchwood Max - - 2013
AIMS: National EDEN aims to evaluate the implementation and impact on key outcomes of somewhat differently configured Early Intervention Services (EIS) across sites in England and to develop a model of variance in patient outcomes that includes key variables of duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), fidelity to the EIS model ...
Lee H J - - 2013
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Interventional Pulmonology (IP) is an emerging sub-specialty with a dedicated 12 months of additional training after traditional pulmonary and critical care fellowships with fellowships across the country. A multiple choice question (MCQ) examination was developed to measure didactic knowledge acquired in IP fellowships. METHODS Interventional pulmonologists from ten ...
Chen Dan - - 2013
Highly aligned polyimide (PI) nanofiber membranes have been prepared by electrospinning equipped with a high speed rotating collector. As the electrospun polyimide nanofiber membranes possess large surface area, they can be used as the template for in-situ growth of polyaniline (PANi) by using FeCl3 as the oxidant. It is found ...
Tanaka Keiko - - 2013
Background: We investigated the relationship between objectively assessed tobacco smoke exposure and periodontal disease. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1103 women with a mean age of 31.5 years. Information on potential confounding factors was obtained through a self-administered questionnaire. Periodontal disease was defined as positive if a woman had at ...
Vugt Saskia F van - - 2013
Pneumonia is often diagnosed and treated empirically, but the accuracy of clinical assessment alone is largely unknown. We therefore set out to determine the diagnostic accuracy of clinical judgment based on signs and symptoms to detect radiographic pneumonia in patients presenting with acute cough in primary care.In 2810 patients consulting ...
De Keersmaecker Bart - - 2013
We report the prenatal sonographic detection of a fetus with megalencephaly, polymicrogyria, postaxial polydactyly and hydrocephaly. Only 14 patients have been reported in the literature so far, all but one were diagnosed postnatally. The polymicrogyria in the frontoparietal lobe was confirmed by prenatal magnetic resonance imaging. Additionally, a hypoplastic thymus ...
Valdes-Donoso P - - 2013
Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) caused a large epidemic in farmed Atlantic salmon in Chile in 2007-2009. Here, we assessed co-infection patterns of ISAV and sea lice (SL) based on surveillance data collected by the fish health authority. ISAV status and SL counts in all Atlantic salmon farms located in ...
Mayer Beate - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Immune-mediated hemolysis is not included in the list of adverse reactions related to contrast medium (CM). Here, we report on a patient who developed immune hemolytic anemia (IHA) related to iomeprol, a nonionic CM. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A 34-year-old female patient developed massive hemolysis during infusion of 50 mL ...
Uttam Ashwani K - - 2013
PURPOSE: To test the applicability of the new International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) 2010 classification for epilepsies and to compare it with the ILAE 1989 classification and the ILAE 2001 diagnostic scheme in developing countries with limited resources such as India. METHODS: Prospective data of 500 consecutive patients with epilepsy, ...
Hwang Joo-Yeon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic fracture (OF) as a clinical endpoint is a major complication of osteoporosis. To screen for OF susceptibility genes, we performed a genome-wide association study and carried out de novo replication analysis of an East Asian population. METHODS: Association was tested using a logistic regression analysis. A meta-analysis was ...
Kremen N A - - 2013
The diet of the feral domestic cat consists of primarily birds and small mammals, but the nutritional composition is relatively unknown. Because of the increasing popularity of natural diets for cats and other wild captive carnivores, the purpose of this study was to describe the body composition and AA concentrations ...
Challa V S A - - 2013
There are serious concerns on the toxicity of vanadium in Ti-6Al-4V alloy. In this regard, we describe the biological footprint of Ti-6Al-4V and compare with a viable alternate Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy, in terms of novel experimentation pertaining to cellular activity that include qualitative and quantitative analysis of Feret's diameter of cells, ...
de Maat S - - 2013
The physiological role of the plasma protein factor XII (FXII), as well as its involvement in human pathology, is poorly understood. While FXII is implicated in thrombotic pathology as a coagulation factor, it can contribute to inflammatory conditions without triggering coagulation. We recently generated nanobodies against the catalytic domain of ...
Habib Charbel A - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the cerebral venous drainage system of the swine as a probable model to test whether extracranial venous abnormalities may play a role in neurodegenerative diseases as reported recently in multiple sclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three Yucatan micropigs, 5 to 7 months old, were scanned with a comprehensive ...
Purchase Cromwell - - 2013
Nectarivores face a constant challenge in terms of water balance, experiencing water loading or dehydration when switching between food plants or between feeding and fasting. To understand how whitebellied sunbirds and New Holland honeyeaters meet the challenges of varying preformed water load, we used the elimination of Intramuscular-injected [(14)C]-L-glucose and ...
Vashisth Harish - - 2013
Insulin regulates blood glucose levels in higher organisms by binding to and activating insulin receptor (IR), a constitutively homodimeric glycoprotein of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) superfamily. Therapeutic efforts in treating diabetes have been significantly impeded by the absence of structural information on the activated form of the insulin/IR complex. ...
Bajory Zoltán - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Penile girth enhancement by the injection of Vaseline is an existing practice. Many cases develop severe complications that need surgery. AIM: To report on the reconstructive surgical solutions of the complications of Vaseline self-injection and the outcomes. To develop a modification of a one-step reconstruction method involving the use ...
Wong Jencia - - 2013
Since the initial discovery of Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) in the 1960s and the launch of Captopril as the first available for clinical use in the 1970s, there now exist three other classes of drugs that block the renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS): the angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB), ...
O'Sullivan David M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With over 20 years of taekwondo concussion research highlighting the high incidence of injury, previous studies recommend an investigation of headgear impact attenuation performance. OBJECTIVE: To examine impact attenuation differences between the anterior, posterior and sides of selected taekwondo headgear brands. DESIGN: Between-groups. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. METHODS: Five different ...
Liu Zheng - - 2013
This paper reviews diverse capabilities offered by modern electron microscopy techniques in studying fine structures of nanoporous crystals such as zeolites, silica mesoporous crystals, metal organic frameworks and yolk-shell materials. For the case of silica mesoporous crystals, new approaches that have been developed recently to determine the three-dimensionally periodic average ...
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