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Barrett Eoin - - 2013
The composition of the microbiota associated with the human ileum and colon in the early weeks of life of two preterm infants was examined, with particular emphasis on the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium members. Culturing work showed that bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the ileostomy changed over time, compared with the colostomy ...
Dodd James W - - 2013
ABSTRACT RATIONALE: Cognitive impairment is one of the least well-studied COPD comorbidities. It is known to occur in hypoxemic patients, but its presence during acute exacerbation is not established. OBJECTIVES: To assess neuropsychological performance in COPD patients awaiting discharge from hospital following acute exacerbation and recovery and compare with stable ...
Hasegawa Yuta - - 2013
The crystal structures and thermal spin-crossover (SCO) behavior of [Fe(E-dpsp)(2)](BF(4))(2)·X [E-dpsp = (E)-2,6-bis(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-4-styrylpyridine; X = crystal solvent] are investigated. The titled iron(II) complex features polymorphology induced by crystal solvents, which is identified by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis: For [Fe(E-dpsp)(2)](BF(4))(2)·acetone and [Fe(E-dpsp)(2)](BF(4))(2)·4MeNO(2), detailed analyses at various temperatures are conducted. ...
Zhang Wenxin - - 2013
Chimeras are useful models for studies of developmental biology and cell differentiation. Intraspecies and interspecies germline chimeras have been produced in previous studies, but the feasibility of producing chimeras between animals of two different classes remains unclear. To address this issue, we attempted to produce chimeras between the Chinese soft-shelled ...
Rojas Asheebo - - 2013
The function of many ion channels is under dynamic control by coincident activation of G protein - coupled receptors (GPCRs), particularly those coupled to the G(α-s) and G(α-q) family members. Such regulation is typically dependent upon the subunit composition of the ionotropic receptor or channel as well as the GPCR ...
Savage Tim - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is evidence suggesting that first-born children and adults are anthropometrically different to later-borns. Thus, we aimed to assess whether birth order was associated with changes in growth and metabolism in childhood. METHODS: We studied 312 healthy pre-pubertal children: 157 first-born and 155 later-borns. Children were aged 3-10 years, ...
Read S - - 2013
The Bernoulli version of the spatial scan statistic is a well established method of detecting localised spatial clusters in binary labelled point data, a typical application being the epidemiological case-control study. A recent study suggests the inferential accuracy of several versions of the spatial scan statistic (principally the Poisson version) ...
Saastamoinen Marjo - - 2013
In insects, the length of larval development time typically influences adult body size and individual fitness, and hence development time can be expected to respond in an adaptive manner to variation in environmental conditions. In the wild, larval growth may be influenced by individual condition, which can be affected by ...
Varchi Greta - - 2013
Among the medical applications of nanoparticles, their usage as photosensitizer (PS) carriers for photodynamic therapy (PDT) has attracted increasing attention. In the present study we explored the morphological and photophysical properties of core-shell PMMA nanoparticles (PMMA-NPs) electrostatically post-loaded with the synthetic, water soluble 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulphonatophenyl)-porphyrin (TPPS(4)). pH response and singlet oxygen ...
Sano Kazuhiro - - 2013
Testosterone is known to play an important role in the regulation of male-type sexual and aggressive behavior. As an aromatised metabolite of testosterone, estradiol-induced activation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) may be crucial for the induction of these behaviors in male mice. However, the importance of ERα expressed in different ...
Wanitphakdeedecha R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Melasma treatment modalities including topical and procedural therapy have been employed with variable results and high recurrence rate. OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively assess improvement in melasma and side effects after 1410 nm fractional photothermolysis laser treatments and to determine efficacy at 1-, 2- and 3-month follow-up after treatment. METHODS: Thirty volunteers ...
Reardon M A - - 2013
SUMMARY:Arachnoid webs are intradural extramedullary bands of arachnoid tissue that can extend to the pial surface of the spinal cord, causing a focal dorsal indentation of the cord. These webs tend to occur in the upper thoracic spine and may produce a characteristic deformity of the cord that we term ...
Schäfer Dominik - - 2013
All chemical reactions are influenced by temperature, however, temperature is usually not considered an important parameter which has to be varied or at least controlled in SECM measurements. A precise temperature-control unit was designed and integrated into a SECM setup which allows setting the temperature of the sample and the ...
Reil Angelika - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Neonatal immune neutropenia (NIN) is a rare, but potentially life-threatening, disorder caused by maternal alloantibodies recognizing paternal neutrophil antigens on fetal cells. Alloantibodies directed against the human neutrophil alloantigen system (HNA)-1 located on Fcγ receptor IIIb (FcγRIIIb) are most frequently implicated in NIN. In this report, we describe two ...
Pil Hwang Yong - - 2013
SCOPE: Increasing evidence indicates that polyphenols may protect against metabolic disease through activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). The aims of our study were to provide new data on the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the role of the phenolic compound, 3-caffeoyl, 4-dihydrocaffeoylquinic acid (CDCQ) from Salicornia herbacea, in the prevention of high ...
Grigore Mihaela - - 2013
Serous borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) represent 25-30% of "nonbenign" serous ovarian tumors. We present HDlive pictures from a case of a serous BOT in a 25-year-old patient. Using HDlive technology allowed increased depth perception, and thus, provided a clear view of the tumor content and papillae, as well as the ...
Nonell S - - 2013
Singlet oxygen is a non-radical reactive oxygen species believed to play a major role in many photooxidation processes in connection with diverse photo-biological processes such as skin aging or photocarcinogenesis. Dimethylmethoxy chromanol (3,4-dihydro-6-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-7-methoxy-1(2H)-benzopyran) is a potent antioxidant used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical formulations. We have assessed the singlet oxygen quenching ...
Meijer Rosa J - - 2013
In model building and model evaluation, cross-validation is a frequently used resampling method. Unfortunately, this method can be quite time consuming. In this article, we discuss an approximation method that is much faster and can be used in generalized linear models and Cox' proportional hazards model with a ridge penalty ...
Silva Rinaldo Florencio - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective: to investigate the effects of soy isoflavones (Iso) and mechanical vibration (Vib) treatments alone or combined on bone extracellular matrix constituents of ovariectomized (Ovx) rats. Methods: 40 female Wistar rats at the age of 6 months were ovariectomized (Ovx) and 10 were sham-operated (sham) and after three months, ...
Burnett Arthur L - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Although testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is the preferred treatment for hypogonadism, information for patients using testosterone includes too frequent or prolonged erections as a potential side effect. AIM: To assess the frequency and risk of priapism or related adverse events (AEs) in hypogonadal men treated with a 1% testosterone ...
Strbac Georg D - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Based on a novel standardized bovine specimen, the aim of this study was to investigate thermal effects of different irrigation methods during intermittent and graduated drilling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Temperature changes during implant osteotomies (n = 320) of 10 and 16 mm drilling depths with various irrigation methods were investigated on manufactured ...
Clark Andrew P-Z - - 2013
In an effort to favor straight polymer chains without crystalline grain boundaries, we have synthesized an amphiphilic conjugated polyelectrolyte, poly(fluorene-alt-thiophene) (PFT), which self-assembles in aqueous solutions to form cylindrical micelles. In contrast to many diblock copolymer assemblies, the semiconducting backbone runs parallel, not perpendicular, to the long axis of the ...
Parker Lindsay M - - 2013
Glucoprivation or hypoglycemia induces a range of counter regulatory responses including glucose mobilization, reduced glucose utilization and de novo glucose synthesis. These responses are mediated in part by the sympathetic nervous system. The aim of this study was to determine the chemical codes of sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) activated by ...
Horn Morten A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is an important cause of Addison's disease in boys, but less is known about its contribution to Addison's disease in adult males. After surveying all known cases of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy in Norway in a separate study, we aimed to look for any missed cases among the population ...
Bauri Kamal - - 2013
Leucine/isoleucine side chain polymers are of interest due to their hydrophobicity and reported role in the formation of α-helical structures. The synthesis and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of amino acid based chiral monomers, namely Boc-L-leucine methacryloyloxyethyl ester (Boc-L-Leu-HEMA, 1a), Boc-L-leucine acryloyloxyethyl ester (Boc-L-Leu-HEA, 1b), Boc-L-isoleucine methacryloyloxyethyl ester (Boc-L-Ile-HEMA, ...
Chang Mei-Chi - - 2013
Betel quid (BQ) chewing is an oral habit that increases the risk of oral cancer and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), a precancerous condition showing epithelial atrophy and tissue fibrosis. Persistent fibroblast contraction may induce the fibrotic contracture of tissue. In this study, we found that areca nut extract (ANE) (200-1200 ...
Philipsen P A - - 2013
There is a general need for methods to obtain fast in vivo diagnosis of skin tumours. Raman spectroscopy measures molecular structure and may thus have potential as a tool for skin tumour diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate how skin pigmentation influenced the Raman spectra and skin ...
García-García I - - 2013
The aim of this paper is to describe the patterns of functional magnetic resonance imaging activation produced by visual food stimuli in healthy participants, as well as in those with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder and obesity. We conducted a systematic review of studies published in the last ...
Hedström A K - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It has been hypothesized that exposure to anaesthetic agents, some of which are chemically related to organic solvents, may affect the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to estimate the influence of occupational exposure to anaesthetic agents on the risk for ...
Langouche Lies - - 2013
Context:Both critical illness and fasting induce low circulating thyroid hormone levels in the absence of a rise in TSH, a constellation-labeled nonthyroidal illness syndrome (NTI). The contribution of restricted nutrition during critical illness in the pathophysiology of NTI remains unclear.Objective:The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of ...
Sansone Randy A - - 2013
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine one facet of employment viability, losing a job on purpose, among individuals with borderline personality symptomatology (BPS). METHODS: Using a cross-sectional self-report survey methodology in a combined sample of four prior studies from the same study site (n = 1493), we examined ...
Klar Joakim - - 2013
Welander distal myopathy (WDM) is an adult onset autosomal dominant disorder characterized by distal limb weakness which progresses slowly from the fifth decade. All WDM patients are of Swedish or Finnish descent and share a rare chromosome 2p13 haplotype. We restricted the WDM associated haplotype followed by whole exome sequencing. ...
Kowal MaƂgorzata - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Early adiposity rebound (AR, below 5 years) is an important predictor of adult obesity. OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study was to explore changes in body weight and height, BMI, body fat, and AR timing in girls from Krakow within the last 3 decades. METHODS: 1,970 girls were ...
Bigham Abigail W - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: High-altitude hypoxia, or decreased oxygen levels caused by low barometric pressure, challenges the ability of humans to live and reproduce. Despite these challenges, human populations have lived on the Andean Altiplano and the Tibetan Plateau for millennia and exhibit unique circulatory, respiratory, and hematological adaptations to life at high ...
Thorstensen Anders - - 2013
We aimed to compare three-dimensional (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography in the evaluation of patients with recent myocardial infarction (MI), using late-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (LE-MRI) as a reference method. Echocardiography and LE-MRI were performed approximately 1 month after first-time MI in 58 patients. Echocardiography was also performed on 35 healthy ...
Al-Nawafleh Ahmed - - 2013
There is a dearth of research exploring the development of postdoctoral nursing research careers in non-Western contexts. This paper reports on a qualitative study of Jordanian graduates of UK PhD programs. Interviews were held with 16 graduates who worked in the nursing faculty of seven different universities in Jordan. Participants ...
Wollburg Eileen - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a debilitating and often chronic and treatment-resistant disorder. Despite decades of theoretical progress and research, many questions remain with regard to the psychological mechanisms explaining why and how some AN patients respond to treatment whereas others do not. Based on the premise that the broader, ...
Wang Jinguo - - 2013
A novel mesoporous yolk-shell SnS(2)-TiO(2) visible photocatalyst (ST-is) was synthesized by in situ doping TiO(2) with SnO(2) through solvothermal alcoholysis, followed by sulfurization under hydrothermal conditions. The ST-is displayed higher activity in photocatalytic reduction of Cr(vi) owing to the strong photosensitizing effect of SnS(2) in uniform nanoparticles and the enhanced ...
Liu Xin - - 2013
Rice-shaped Ti(3+) self-doped TiO(2-x) nanoparticles were synthesized by mild hydrothermal treatment of TiH(2) in H(2)O(2) aqueous solution. The structure, crystallinity, morphology, and other properties of the as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microcopy and X-ray photoelectron spectra. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectra confirm the ...
Fan Wei - - 2013
Abstract The results of several studies about the effectiveness of recombinant luteinizing hormone (rLH) supplementation in poor responder in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients were conflicting. To evaluate the current available data regarding the efficacy of rLH supplementation in poor responders, a meta-analysis was performed. A systemic search was performed without ...
Manchaiah Vinaya Kc - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hearing impairment is one of the most frequent chronic conditions. Persons with a hearing impairment (PHI) have various experiences during their 'journey' through hearing loss. In our previous studies we have developed a 'patient journey' model of PHI and their communication partners (CPs). We suggest this model could ...
Ip Alex Y K - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of 6 days of emersion on nitrogen metabolism and excretion in the Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis. Despite having a soft shell with a cutaneous surface which is known to be water permeable, P. sinensis lost only ~2% of body ...
Szabó Péter M - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small (16-24 nucleotides) noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression. Growing evidence demonstrates that miRNAs participate in the regulation of numerous physiological and pathological processes. The clinical utility of the cell-type-specific miRNA expression profile (miRomics) has been directly demonstrated in molecular classification of tumor samples and in ...
Foschini Maria P - - 2013
Metastases to cervical lymph nodes (LNs) are an important independent adverse indicator in the prognosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). An accurate evaluation of molecular patterns favoring the metastatic process can be helpful in predicting cases of OSCC with elevated probability of early or late metastases and, moreover, in ...
Sarris J - - 2013
Presently, little is known about a number issues concerning kava (Piper methysticum), including (i) whether kava has any withdrawal or addictive effects; (ii) if genetic polymorphisms of the cytochrome (CYP) P450 2D6 liver enzyme moderates any potential adverse effects; and (iii) if medicinal application of kava has any negative or ...
Bayramoglu Aysegul - - 2013
Abstract In the present study, we describe the effects of lycopene on the symptoms of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats. Lycopene at the dose of 2.5 mg/kg body weight (bw) per day was orally administered to STZ-induced diabetic rats for a period of 7 days after onset of diabetes. At the ...
Wallace Lorraine S - - 2013
This study examined adults' self-reported understanding and formatting preferences of medical statistics, confidence in self-care and ability to obtain health advice or information, and perceptions of patient-health-care provider communication measured through dual survey modes (random digital dial and mail). Even while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, significant differences in regard to ...
Cha Yong Sung - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: By contrast with neurologic injury, myocardial injury associated with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning has not been well investigated. Therefore, this study assessed features and predictors of myocardial injury in CO poisoned patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 250 CO poisoning cases that were diagnosed and treated by the emergency ...
Nam Hyeyoung - - 2013
Background. The liver, pancreas, and heart are particularly susceptible to iron-related disorders. These tissues take up plasma iron from transferrin or non-transferrin-bound iron, which appears during iron overload. Here, we assessed the effect of iron status on the levels of the transmembrane transporters, ZRT/IRT-like protein 14 and divalent metal-ion transporter-1, ...
Lichtenstern Christoph - - 2013
Liver transplant recipients are at a significant risk for invasive fungal infections (IFI). This retrospective study evaluated the impact of the pretransplant model for end stage liver disease (MELD) on the incidence of posttransplant IFI in a single centre. From 2004 to 2008, 385 liver transplantations were included, from which ...
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