Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2827
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Cocinero Emilio Jose - - 2013
Fructose has been examined under isolation conditions using a combination of UV ultrafast laser vaporization and Fourier-transform microwave (FT-MW) spectroscopy. The rotational spectra for the parent, all (six) monosubstituted 13C species and two single D species reveals unambiguously that the free hexoketose is conformationally locked in a single dominant -pyranose ...
Charlton Anna N - - 2013
Medical records where tepoxalin (Zubrin) or meloxicam (Metacam) were prescribed in cats were reviewed and data extracted. Comparisons were performed for exploring changes between pre- and post-non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug course laboratory tests. Seventy-nine medical records fit the inclusion criteria (n = 57 and n = 22, tepoxalin and meloxicam, respectively). ...
Engmann C - - 2013
Objective:To explore community understanding of perinatal illness in northern Ghana.Study Design:A cross-sectional descriptive study design.Result:253 community members participated in in-depth interviews and focus group discussions, including women with newborn infants, grandmothers and health care providers. Four overarching themes emerged: (1) Local understanding of illness affects treatment practices. Respondents recognized danger ...
Chitko-McKown C G - - 2013
An 8-month-old crossbred ewe, normal upon physical examination, was humanely euthanized for tissue collection. After approximately 3 weeks in tissue culture, fungi began budding out of cells obtained from the choroid plexus. After an additional 3 weeks, budding was observed in kidney cell cultures and eventually in monocyte cultures as well. Serum ...
Simsek Hakki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Diabetes accelerates the natural process of atherosclerosis and is a predictor for progression of atherosclerotic lesions. To improve clinical outcomes, noninvasive imaging modalities have been proposed to measure and monitor atherosclerosis. Recently, it has been shown that the color M-mode-derived propagation velocity of the descending thoracic aorta (aortic velocity ...
Gong Qiang - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Genomic deletions are known to be widespread in many species. Variant sequencing-based approaches for identifying deletions have been developed, but their powers to detect those deletions that affect medium-sized regions are limited when the sequencing coverage is low. RESULTS: We present a cost-effective method for identifying medium-sized deletions ...
Olszewski A J - - 2013
BackgroundTherapy for gastric marginal zone (MALT) lymphoma is largely based on single-arm trials. This observational study compared survival with radiotherapy, rituximab and combination chemoimmunotherapy in this disease.Patients and methodsGastric MALT lymphoma cases diagnosed between 1997 and 2007 were selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare database. Propensity score analysis ...
Hyodo Masaki - - 2013
Purpose. To study whether a cane improved balance recovery after perturbation during walking. Method. This study was a crossover comparison comparing the effect of walking with and without a cane for balance recovery after perturbation during treadmill walking. Five normal young volunteers participated. The velocity and acceleration of a marker ...
Seliger Janez - - 2013
14N nuclear quadrupole resonance frequencies have been measured in solid 2-pyridone, 3-hydroxypyridine and 4-pyridone by 1H-14N nuclear quadrupole double resonance. Two slightly nonequivalent nitrogen positions are observed in solid 3-hydroxypyridine, whereas only one nitrogen position has been observed in 2-pyridone and 4-pyridone within the experimental resolution. Rather low 14N quadrupole ...
Hing Zachary A - - 2013
Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (cTTP) is a rare, recessively inherited genetic disorder with varying clinical presentation that is caused by ADAMTS13 mutations. Several studies have found limited associations between ADAMTS13 mutations and cTTP phenotype. The use of in silico tools that examine multiple mutation characteristics may better predict phenotype. We ...
Han Yingying - - 2013
Cyclin D2 (CCND2, encoded by Ccnd2) plays an important role in the induction of early-to-mid G1 phase transition and is required for granulose cell proliferation during ovarian folliculogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the role of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in the regulation of cyclin D2 expression and degradation ...
Bron Romke - - 2013
There is ambiguity concerning the distribution of neurons that express the ghrelin receptor (GHSR) in the medulla oblongata. In the current study we have used a sensitive non-radioactive method to investigate GHSR mRNA distribution by in situ hybridization. Strong expression of the GHSR gene was confirmed in neurons of the ...
Mitra Piyali - - 2013
We aim to find out the extent of stability of the excimer of 9-aminoacridine hydrochloride hydrate (9AA), a prospective PDT drug, in different confined medium with varying cavity size. When confined in cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide micelles, although at low concentration of 9AA only a single distinct peak (λmax at ...
Li Xiao-Jun - - 2013
Increasing precision of contemporary computational methods makes spectroscopies such as vibrational (VCD) and electronic (ECD) circular dichroism attractive for determination of absolute configurations (AC) of organic compounds. This is, however, difficult for polar, flexible molecules with multiple chiral centres. Typically, a combination of several methods provides the best picture of ...
Li R - - 2013
To determine the genetic diversity and paternal origin of Chinese cattle, 302 males from 16 Chinese native cattle breeds as well as 30 Holstein males and four Burma males as controls were analysed using four Y-SNPs and two Y-STRs. In Chinese bulls, the taurine Y1 and Y2 haplogroups and indicine ...
Barrett Eoin - - 2013
The composition of the microbiota associated with the human ileum and colon in the early weeks of life of two preterm infants was examined, with particular emphasis on the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium members. Culturing work showed that bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the ileostomy changed over time, compared with the colostomy ...
Dodd James W - - 2013
ABSTRACT RATIONALE: Cognitive impairment is one of the least well-studied COPD comorbidities. It is known to occur in hypoxemic patients, but its presence during acute exacerbation is not established. OBJECTIVES: To assess neuropsychological performance in COPD patients awaiting discharge from hospital following acute exacerbation and recovery and compare with stable ...
Hasegawa Yuta - - 2013
The crystal structures and thermal spin-crossover (SCO) behavior of [Fe(E-dpsp)(2)](BF(4))(2)·X [E-dpsp = (E)-2,6-bis(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-4-styrylpyridine; X = crystal solvent] are investigated. The titled iron(II) complex features polymorphology induced by crystal solvents, which is identified by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis: For [Fe(E-dpsp)(2)](BF(4))(2)·acetone and [Fe(E-dpsp)(2)](BF(4))(2)·4MeNO(2), detailed analyses at various temperatures are conducted. ...
Zhang Wenxin - - 2013
Chimeras are useful models for studies of developmental biology and cell differentiation. Intraspecies and interspecies germline chimeras have been produced in previous studies, but the feasibility of producing chimeras between animals of two different classes remains unclear. To address this issue, we attempted to produce chimeras between the Chinese soft-shelled ...
Rojas Asheebo - - 2013
The function of many ion channels is under dynamic control by coincident activation of G protein - coupled receptors (GPCRs), particularly those coupled to the G(α-s) and G(α-q) family members. Such regulation is typically dependent upon the subunit composition of the ionotropic receptor or channel as well as the GPCR ...
Savage Tim - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is evidence suggesting that first-born children and adults are anthropometrically different to later-borns. Thus, we aimed to assess whether birth order was associated with changes in growth and metabolism in childhood. METHODS: We studied 312 healthy pre-pubertal children: 157 first-born and 155 later-borns. Children were aged 3-10 years, ...
Read S - - 2013
The Bernoulli version of the spatial scan statistic is a well established method of detecting localised spatial clusters in binary labelled point data, a typical application being the epidemiological case-control study. A recent study suggests the inferential accuracy of several versions of the spatial scan statistic (principally the Poisson version) ...
Saastamoinen Marjo - - 2013
In insects, the length of larval development time typically influences adult body size and individual fitness, and hence development time can be expected to respond in an adaptive manner to variation in environmental conditions. In the wild, larval growth may be influenced by individual condition, which can be affected by ...
Varchi Greta - - 2013
Among the medical applications of nanoparticles, their usage as photosensitizer (PS) carriers for photodynamic therapy (PDT) has attracted increasing attention. In the present study we explored the morphological and photophysical properties of core-shell PMMA nanoparticles (PMMA-NPs) electrostatically post-loaded with the synthetic, water soluble 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulphonatophenyl)-porphyrin (TPPS(4)). pH response and singlet oxygen ...
Sano Kazuhiro - - 2013
Testosterone is known to play an important role in the regulation of male-type sexual and aggressive behavior. As an aromatised metabolite of testosterone, estradiol-induced activation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) may be crucial for the induction of these behaviors in male mice. However, the importance of ERα expressed in different ...
Wanitphakdeedecha R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Melasma treatment modalities including topical and procedural therapy have been employed with variable results and high recurrence rate. OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively assess improvement in melasma and side effects after 1410 nm fractional photothermolysis laser treatments and to determine efficacy at 1-, 2- and 3-month follow-up after treatment. METHODS: Thirty volunteers ...
Reardon M A - - 2013
SUMMARY:Arachnoid webs are intradural extramedullary bands of arachnoid tissue that can extend to the pial surface of the spinal cord, causing a focal dorsal indentation of the cord. These webs tend to occur in the upper thoracic spine and may produce a characteristic deformity of the cord that we term ...
Schäfer Dominik - - 2013
All chemical reactions are influenced by temperature, however, temperature is usually not considered an important parameter which has to be varied or at least controlled in SECM measurements. A precise temperature-control unit was designed and integrated into a SECM setup which allows setting the temperature of the sample and the ...
Reil Angelika - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Neonatal immune neutropenia (NIN) is a rare, but potentially life-threatening, disorder caused by maternal alloantibodies recognizing paternal neutrophil antigens on fetal cells. Alloantibodies directed against the human neutrophil alloantigen system (HNA)-1 located on Fcγ receptor IIIb (FcγRIIIb) are most frequently implicated in NIN. In this report, we describe two ...
Pil Hwang Yong - - 2013
SCOPE: Increasing evidence indicates that polyphenols may protect against metabolic disease through activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). The aims of our study were to provide new data on the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the role of the phenolic compound, 3-caffeoyl, 4-dihydrocaffeoylquinic acid (CDCQ) from Salicornia herbacea, in the prevention of high ...
Grigore Mihaela - - 2013
Serous borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) represent 25-30% of "nonbenign" serous ovarian tumors. We present HDlive pictures from a case of a serous BOT in a 25-year-old patient. Using HDlive technology allowed increased depth perception, and thus, provided a clear view of the tumor content and papillae, as well as the ...
Nonell S - - 2013
Singlet oxygen is a non-radical reactive oxygen species believed to play a major role in many photooxidation processes in connection with diverse photo-biological processes such as skin aging or photocarcinogenesis. Dimethylmethoxy chromanol (3,4-dihydro-6-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-7-methoxy-1(2H)-benzopyran) is a potent antioxidant used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical formulations. We have assessed the singlet oxygen quenching ...
Meijer Rosa J - - 2013
In model building and model evaluation, cross-validation is a frequently used resampling method. Unfortunately, this method can be quite time consuming. In this article, we discuss an approximation method that is much faster and can be used in generalized linear models and Cox' proportional hazards model with a ridge penalty ...
Silva Rinaldo Florencio - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective: to investigate the effects of soy isoflavones (Iso) and mechanical vibration (Vib) treatments alone or combined on bone extracellular matrix constituents of ovariectomized (Ovx) rats. Methods: 40 female Wistar rats at the age of 6 months were ovariectomized (Ovx) and 10 were sham-operated (sham) and after three months, ...
Alonso-Magdalena Paloma - - 2013
The estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is emerging as an important player in the physiology of the endocrine pancreas. Here we have evaluated the role of the ERβ selective agonist, WAY200070, as an insulinotropic molecule and its antidiabetic actions. We have demonstrated that it enhances glucose-stimulated insulin secretion both in mouse ...
Burnett Arthur L - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Although testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is the preferred treatment for hypogonadism, information for patients using testosterone includes too frequent or prolonged erections as a potential side effect. AIM: To assess the frequency and risk of priapism or related adverse events (AEs) in hypogonadal men treated with a 1% testosterone ...
Strbac Georg D - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Based on a novel standardized bovine specimen, the aim of this study was to investigate thermal effects of different irrigation methods during intermittent and graduated drilling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Temperature changes during implant osteotomies (n = 320) of 10 and 16 mm drilling depths with various irrigation methods were investigated on manufactured ...
Dyer Martin J S - - 2013
There is now a plethora of new precision medicines for B-cell malignancy including 'classical' kinase inhibitors, rationally designed inhibitors of anti-apoptotic proteins and antibody or antibody drug/toxin conjugates with functional properties. Some are showing spectacular single agent activity in early phase clinical studies and may reduce or, in combination, even ...
Clark Andrew P-Z - - 2013
In an effort to favor straight polymer chains without crystalline grain boundaries, we have synthesized an amphiphilic conjugated polyelectrolyte, poly(fluorene-alt-thiophene) (PFT), which self-assembles in aqueous solutions to form cylindrical micelles. In contrast to many diblock copolymer assemblies, the semiconducting backbone runs parallel, not perpendicular, to the long axis of the ...
Parker Lindsay M - - 2013
Glucoprivation or hypoglycemia induces a range of counter regulatory responses including glucose mobilization, reduced glucose utilization and de novo glucose synthesis. These responses are mediated in part by the sympathetic nervous system. The aim of this study was to determine the chemical codes of sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) activated by ...
Horn Morten A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is an important cause of Addison's disease in boys, but less is known about its contribution to Addison's disease in adult males. After surveying all known cases of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy in Norway in a separate study, we aimed to look for any missed cases among the population ...
Bauri Kamal - - 2013
Leucine/isoleucine side chain polymers are of interest due to their hydrophobicity and reported role in the formation of α-helical structures. The synthesis and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of amino acid based chiral monomers, namely Boc-L-leucine methacryloyloxyethyl ester (Boc-L-Leu-HEMA, 1a), Boc-L-leucine acryloyloxyethyl ester (Boc-L-Leu-HEA, 1b), Boc-L-isoleucine methacryloyloxyethyl ester (Boc-L-Ile-HEMA, ...
Chang Mei-Chi - - 2013
Betel quid (BQ) chewing is an oral habit that increases the risk of oral cancer and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), a precancerous condition showing epithelial atrophy and tissue fibrosis. Persistent fibroblast contraction may induce the fibrotic contracture of tissue. In this study, we found that areca nut extract (ANE) (200-1200 ...
Philipsen P A - - 2013
There is a general need for methods to obtain fast in vivo diagnosis of skin tumours. Raman spectroscopy measures molecular structure and may thus have potential as a tool for skin tumour diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate how skin pigmentation influenced the Raman spectra and skin ...
García-García I - - 2013
The aim of this paper is to describe the patterns of functional magnetic resonance imaging activation produced by visual food stimuli in healthy participants, as well as in those with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder and obesity. We conducted a systematic review of studies published in the last ...
Hedström A K - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It has been hypothesized that exposure to anaesthetic agents, some of which are chemically related to organic solvents, may affect the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to estimate the influence of occupational exposure to anaesthetic agents on the risk for ...
Li Jinnan - - 2013
BackgroundThe implications of chemical hyperparathyroidism on bone and mineral metabolism measures in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) are not well known. We hypothesized that a higher serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) level is associated with the higher likelihood of hyperphosphatemia, hyperphosphatasemia [high serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels] and hypercalcemia.MethodsOver an 8-year period ...
Langouche Lies - - 2013
Context:Both critical illness and fasting induce low circulating thyroid hormone levels in the absence of a rise in TSH, a constellation-labeled nonthyroidal illness syndrome (NTI). The contribution of restricted nutrition during critical illness in the pathophysiology of NTI remains unclear.Objective:The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of ...
Sansone Randy A - - 2013
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine one facet of employment viability, losing a job on purpose, among individuals with borderline personality symptomatology (BPS). METHODS: Using a cross-sectional self-report survey methodology in a combined sample of four prior studies from the same study site (n = 1493), we examined ...
Klar Joakim - - 2013
Welander distal myopathy (WDM) is an adult onset autosomal dominant disorder characterized by distal limb weakness which progresses slowly from the fifth decade. All WDM patients are of Swedish or Finnish descent and share a rare chromosome 2p13 haplotype. We restricted the WDM associated haplotype followed by whole exome sequencing. ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >