Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2827
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Preece Daniel - - 2013
Three-dimensional (3D) information plays an important part in medical and veterinary education. Appreciating complex 3D spatial relationships requires a strong foundational understanding of anatomy and mental 3D visualization skills. Novel learning resources have been introduced to anatomy training to achieve this. Objective evaluation of their comparative efficacies remains scarce in ...
Tai Alexander X - - 2013
Prior studies have identified two anatomically and neurochemically distinct cellular compartments within the mammalian striatum, termed striosomes and matrix, which express μ-opioid receptors (μOR) and EphA4, respectively. Here we identify and characterize an additional compartment in the rat striatum composed of neurons that express EphA7. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemical ...
Millischer Ae - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if a standard complete anatomical fetal survey, as recommended based on ultrasound (US) examination guidelines was feasible using a standardized MRI protocol. METHODS: Based on guidelines for US-based examination, we built up a specific MRI protocol for fetal anatomical survey. This protocol was then prospectively tested in ...
Wang X Y - - 2013
NADH dehydrogenase (complex I) catalyzes the transfer of electrons from NADH to ubiquinone with pumping protons across the mitochondrial inner membrane and produces reactive oxygen species as a major source in mitochondria. A missense mutation in the mitochondrially encoded NADH dehydrogenase 2 (MT-ND2) gene, which could produce a change in ...
Witt Daria - - 2013
In this study, primary murine prostate cancer (PCa) cells were derived using the well-established TRAMP model (transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate). These PCa cells were treated with the histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), valproic acid (VPA), and we demonstrated that VPA treatment has an anti-migrative, anti-invasive and anti-proliferative effect on PCa cells. ...
Nickell Philip K - - 2013
To avoid freezing while overwintering beneath the bark of fallen trees, Dendroides canadensis (Coleoptera: Pyrochroidae) larvae produce a family of antifreeze proteins (DAFPs) that are transcribed in specific tissues and have specific compartmental fates. DAFPs and associated thermal hysteresis activity (THA) have been shown previously in hemolymph and midgut fluid, ...
Williams Cylie M - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate any differences between the motor skills and sensory processing abilities of children between the ages of 4 and 8, who do and do not have an idiopathic toe walking gait. Children in each cohort were tested with a number of norm referenced assessments. A total ...
Prielhofer Roland - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Inducible high-level expression is favoured for recombinant protein production in Pichia pastoris. Therefore, novel regulated promoters are desired, ideally repressing heterologous gene expression during initial growth and enabling it in the production phase. In a typical large scale fed-batch culture repression is desired during the batch phase where ...
Martin Amber L - - 2013
INTRODUCTION.: Sildenafil was the first oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor introduced as primary therapy for erectile dysfunction (ED). In the 7 years following its market launch, sildenafil was prescribed by more than 750,000 physicians to more than 23 million men worldwide. To date, few studies have evaluated the economic ...
Pellegriti Gabriella - - 2013
Context:We previously reported that differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) has higher aggressiveness and poorer prognosis in patients with Graves' disease (GD) than DTC in euthyroid control patients. Subsequent studies on this issue reached controversial conclusions. Genetic and environmental factors, as well as the lack of appropriate control subjects and/or inadequate patient ...
Finley John Westcott - - 2013
Guar gum and partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) are food ingredients that have been available for many years. PHGG is the partially hydrolyzed product produced from guar gum obtained from the Indian cluster bean (Cyanopsis tetragonolopus). The gum (CAS RN 9000-30-0) is composed of galactomannan, a gel-forming polysaccharide with a ...
Ritchie Rachel A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The current study evaluated the mediational role of well-being in the relationship between identity development and psychosocial functioning. METHOD: A sample of 7,649 undergraduate students (73% female; mean age = 19.95, standard deviation = 1.98; 62% Caucasian) completed measures of personal identity, well-being, internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and health-risk ...
Gorczyca Daiva - - 2013
Background. Nutrition plays an important role in immune response. We evaluated the effect of nutrient intake on serum immunoglobulin levels in vegetarian and omnivore children. Methods. Serum immunoglobulin levels and iron status were estimated in 22 vegetarian and 18 omnivore children. Seven-day food records were used to assess the diet. ...
Dong Liping - - 2013
Our aim was to evaluate the effect of SNPs in the 9p21 locus on genetic susceptibility of coronary heart disease in the East Asian population. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and CNKI for publications relating to the association between SNPs within the 9p21 locus and coronary heart disease in the East ...
Bour James R - - 2013
An analysis of the palladium-catalyzed activation of carbon-carbon single bonds within triarylmethanols has led to a greater understanding of factors influencing the β-aryl elimination process responsible for C-C bond cleavage. A series of competition reactions were utilized to determine that β-aryl elimination of aryl substituents containing ortho-substitution proceeds with significant ...
Saltzherr Michael S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of advanced imaging techniques in the detection of hand osteoarthritis (OA) and hand OA progression. METHODS: PubMed/Medline and Embase were searched until April 2012 for studies on imaging of hand OA that presented quantitative data on validity, reliability or responsiveness. Articles presenting only data on ...
Wu Guoqiang - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To investigate the expression status of periostin in colorectal cancer (CRC) to lay a foundation for managing this disease. Methods: Periostin expression status was detected by immunohistochemistry staining in 720 CRC specimens. The relationship between the periostin protein and clinicopathological factors and prognosis was subsequently determined. Result: The ...
Kundu Joydip - - 2013
Regenerative medicine is targeted to improve, restore or replace damaged tissues or organs using a combination of cells, materials and growth factors. Both tissue engineering and developmental biology currently deal with the process of tissue self-assembly and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. In this investigation, additive manufacturing (AM) with a multihead ...
Lee Moon-Soo - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We explored two different methods of determining adverse events (AEs) among methylphenidate (MPH)-treated adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: We performed a 12-week open label study of osmotic-release oral system (OROS) MPH in adolescents with ADHD who were recruited from four child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinics. The ...
Mørkeberg J - - 2013
The detection of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) is difficult and becomes more challenging when only microdoses are administered intravenously. Twenty-three subjects were divided into two groups: EPO group (n = 7) and CONTROL group (n = 16). Seven urine and blood samples per subject were collected at least 5 days apart to determine within- ...
Bosquet L - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of resistance training cessation on strength performance through a meta-analysis. Seven databases were searched from which 103 of 284 potential studies met inclusion criteria. Training status, sex, age, and the duration of training cessation were used as moderators. Standardized mean ...
Kawaguchi Mari - - 2013
Embryos of medaka Oryzias latipes hatch in freshwater, while those of killifish Fundulus heteroclitus hatch in brackish water. Medaka and Fundulus possess two kinds of hatching enzymes, high choriolytic enzyme (HCE) and low choriolytic enzyme (LCE), which cooperatively digest their egg envelope at the time of hatching. Optimal salinity of ...
Roberts Catherine H - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Gametocytes are the sexual stage of Plasmodium parasites. The determinants of gametocyte carriage have been studied extensively in endemic areas, but have rarely been explored in travellers with malaria. The incidence of gametocytaemia, and factors associated with gametocyte emergence in adult travellers with Plasmodium falciparum malaria was investigated ...
Robinson Lynne L L - - 2013
Hysteroscopy is a mainstay of modern gynaecologic practice. However, the role of ambulatory hysteroscopy and associated procedures has increased dramatically in recent years. The outpatient setting has associated benefits, both for the patient and economically. The advent of less invasive vaginoscopic techniques means that diagnostic hysteroscopy is achievable safely, comfortably ...
Mehrotra A - - 2013
Objective:We studied several counselor-independent elements of prenatal counseling regarding prematurely born infants. Elements studied include: indications to offer counseling, clinical settings in which counseling is offered, personnel assigned to counsel, availability of tools to assist counseling and post-counseling documentation requirements.Method:As the study aimed to explore system-based practices and not counselor-based ...
Hong Alison L - - 2013
Central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a significant cause of preventable harm. A collaborative project involving a multifaceted intervention was used in the Michigan Keystone Project and associated with significant reductions in these infections. This intervention included the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program, a multifaceted approach to CLABSI prevention, and the monitoring ...
Feliciano David M - - 2013
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in TSC1 or TSC2 resulting in hyperactivity of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and disabling brain lesions. These lesions contain misplaced neurons enriched in hypoxia-inducible factor 1a (HIF1a). However, the relationship between TSC1/2 and HIF1a and the function ...
Xie Li - - 2013
RalA GTPase has been implicated in the regulated delivery of exocytotic vesicles to the plasma membrane in mammalian cells. We had reported that RalA regulates biphasic insulin secretion, which we have now determined to be contributed by RalA direct interaction with voltage-gated calcium channels. RalA knockdown in INS-1 cells and ...
Ahn Jaesang - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of sub-Tenon's lidocaine injections (ST) on akinesia and mydriasis to those of systemic atracurium (AT) and retrobulbar lidocaine injections in dogs. ANIMAL STUDIED: Ten healthy beagle dogs without apparent ocular disease. PROCEDURES: Three treatments were performed on 10 beagle dogs with a minimum 7-day washout ...
Xie Shengsong - - 2013
Epididymis plays a crucial role in regulating the development of sperm motility and fertilizing capacity. To study the function of genes in the caput epididymis using Cre/loxP system, we generated Lcn5-Cre transgenic (TG) mice in which the expression of Cre recombinase is driven by the 1.8 kilobase pairs (kb) Lcn5 ...
Grossini Elena - - 2013
In porcine coronary artery endothelial cells (PCAEC), gastrin-17 has recently been found to increase nitric oxide (NO) production by the endothelial NO-synthase isoform (eNOS) through cholecystokinin1/2 (CCK1/CCK2) receptors and the involvement of protein-kinase A (PKA), protein-kinase C (PKC) and β2-adrenoreceptors-related pathway. Since eNOS is the Ca2+-dependent isoform of enzyme, we ...
Joshi Dharati - - 2013
Photooxidation of A2E may be involved in diseases of the macula, and antioxidants could serve as therapeutic agents for these diseases. Inhibitors of A2E photooxidation were prepared by Mannich reaction of the antioxidant quercetin. These compounds contain water-solubilizing amine groups, and several were more potent inhibitors of A2E photooxidation than ...
Wilksch Simon M - - 2013
AIMS: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a pilot programme in enhancing protective factors for eating disorders in young girls with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: Twenty girls with T1D (M age = 11.06 years) attended two 4-h group sessions. A 4-week baseline control period was compared against changes at post-programme and ...
Veen Jan Willem van der - - 2013
PURPOSE: To avoid the confounding effects of variations in tissue composition this study measured regional GABA differences using two voxels with the same tissue composition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen healthy adult volunteers were scanned using a 3 Tesla GE clinical scanner with a J-coupling based editing sequence. Spectroscopy voxels were ...
Sutin Angelina R - - 2013
In the present research, we examined the effects of age, cohort, and time of measurement on well-being across adulthood. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of two independent samples-one with more than 10,000 repeated assessments across 30 years (mean assessments per participant = 4.44, SD = 3.47) and one with nationally representative ...
Sánchez-Jiménez F - - 2013
Histamine, serotonin and dopamine are biogenic amines devoted to intercellular communication with multiple effects on human pathophysiology. They are all products of two highly homologous enzymes, histidine decarboxylase and L-aromatic amino acid decarboxylase, and transmit their signals through different receptors and signal transduction mechanisms. Polyamines derived from ornithine (putrescine, spermidine ...
Nivison-Smith Lisa - - 2013
Kainate receptors mediate fast, excitatory synaptic transmission for a range of inner neurons in the mammalian retina. However, allocation of functional kainate receptors to known cell types and their sensitivity remains unresolved. Using the cation channel probe 1-amino-4-guanidobutane agmatine (AGB), we investigated kainate sensitivity of neurochemically identified cell populations within ...
Boonekamp Jelle J - - 2013
Biomarkers of aging are essential to predict mortality and aging related diseases. Paradoxically, age itself imposes a limitation on the use of known biomarkers of aging, because their associations with mortality generally diminish with age. How this pattern arises is however not understood. With meta-analysis we show that human leucocyte ...
Khanfar M - - 2013
Abstract Context: The aim of this study is to control the dissolution rate of Venlafaxine HCl. Objective: To prepare sustained release tablets of Venlafaxine HCl. Material and methods: Different liquisolid formulations, liquid vehicles, drug concentration in the liquid medication and different ratios of carrier to coating material (R) were prepared. ...
Sasaki Mayumi - - 2013
We previously demonstrated that impaired glucose-induced insulin secretion (IS) and ATP elevation in islets of Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, a non-obese model of diabetes, were significantly restored by 30∼60 min suppression of endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction. In this study, we investigated the effect of longer (12 h) suppression of ...
Guazelli Carla F S - - 2013
Quercetin (1) is an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant flavonoid. However, the oral administration of 1 did not lead to beneficial effects in experimental animal colitis models, which involve cytokines and oxidative stress. A possible explanation is that the absorption profile of 1 prevents its activity. Therefore, it was reasoned that the ...
Greaves Felix - - 2013
Recent years have seen increasing interest in patient-centred care and calls to focus on improving the patient experience. At the same time, a growing number of patients are using the internet to describe their experiences of healthcare. We believe the increasing availability of patients' accounts of their care on blogs, ...
Jebelli Javan Ashkan - - 2013
Bromophenols are known as an antioxidant radical scavenger in some biomolecules such as in Marine Red Alga. Full understanding of the role played by bromophenols requires detailed knowledge of the radical scavenging activities in probable pathways, a knowledge which can be developed in future. In order to bring detailed insight ...
Farolfi Alberto - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Although adjuvant trastuzumab improves survival in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer, there is growing concern about the long-term effect of trastuzumab-induced cardiotoxicity (TIC). We retrospectively assessed the incidence of TIC and heart failure (HF) to identify possible risk and protective factors. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Institute for Cancer ...
Piemontesi Cyril - - 2013
Treatment of 3-hydroxyoxindoles with trichloroacetonitrile (1.3 equiv.) and a catalytic amount of DBU (0.1 equiv.) followed by addition of nucleophiles (1.5 equiv.) and diphenylphosphoric acid (0.2 equiv.) afforded the 3,3-disubstituted oxindoles in good to excellent yields. DFT computations supported the notion that the reaction went through the 1-alkyl-2-oxo-2H-indol-1-ium intermediate.
Lambers Hans - - 2013
Lupines (Lupinus species; Fabaceae) are an ancient crop with great potential to be developed further for high-protein feed and food, cover crops, and phytoremediation. Being legumes, they are capable of symbiotically fixing atmospheric nitrogen. However, Lupinus species appear to be nonmycorrhizal or weakly mycorrhizal at most; instead some produce cluster ...
Kanno Toru - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: An obstructed, infected kidney combined with ureteral stones can be lethal, and requires urgent drainage and complete stone removal. However, the optimal method of stone removal, and its safety and efficacy have yet to be conclusively established. The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy ...
Fan Jie - - 2013
Pore size and porosity have been widely acknowledged as important structural factors in tissue-engineered scaffolds. In fact, scaffolds with similar pore size and porosity can provide important and varied permeability due to different pore shape, interconnectivity and tortuosity. However, the effects of scaffold permeability on seeded cells remains largely unknown ...
Rahman Hafiz M A - - 2013
Aqueous solutions of sodium propanoate (NaOPr) and n-butanoate (NaOBu) have been studied at concentrations, c ≤ 3 M, by broadband dielectric relaxation spectroscopy over the frequency range 0.2 ≤ ν/GHz ≤ 89 at 25 °C. Three relaxation modes were resolved, centred at (approximately) 1, 8 and 18 GHz, for both ...
Wang D - - 2013
Two new HLA-A alleles, A*23:20 and A*02:127, differ from their closely related alleles by nucleotide mutations.
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