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Results 401 - 450 of 3471
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Olivieri Oliviero - - 2013
Prostasin, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored serine protease, activates the epithelial sodium (Na) channel (ENaC), and prostasin is released in extracellular fluids, including urine. Previous data have suggested a direct association between urinary prostasin and the activation of an aldosterone-driven pathway, but a quantitative association has never been demonstrated in normotensive subjects. ...
Nugent Katie L KL Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the BASC-2 (Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition) Atypicality subscale in a sample of adolescents receiving mental health services. A large sample (n = 1916) of adolescents aged 12-20 years (median = 14.7 years) completed the BASC-2. A parent and ...
Matamis Dimitrios - - 2013
The use of ultrasonography has become increasingly popular in the everyday management of critically ill patients. It has been demonstrated to be a safe and handy bedside tool that allows rapid hemodynamic assessment and visualization of the thoracic, abdominal and major vessels structures. More recently, M-mode ultrasonography has been used ...
Kallenberg K - - 2013
The most frequent primary brain tumors, anaplastic astrocytomas (AA) and glioblastomas (GBM): tend to invasion of the surrounding brain. Histopathological studies found malignant cells in macroscopically unsuspicious brain parenchyma remote from the primary tumor, even affecting the contralateral hemisphere. In early stages, diffuse interneural infiltration with changes of the apparent ...
Hatano Taketo - - 2013
Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) are relatively uncommon and are the most dangerous type of DAVF. Because of a high incidence of hemorrhage and subsequent neurological deficits, treatment is mandatory. A consecutive series of nine surgically treated patients with symptomatic tentorial DAVF were analyzed in this study. All lesions were ...
Scott Lesley J - - 2013
Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and impose considerable costs on healthcare systems. A key predictor of clinical outcomes in patients with BSIs is the early initiation of appropriate targeted antimicrobial therapy. However, with conventional blood culture methods, the gold standard, there is a ...
Abbaszadegan Mohammad Reza - - 2013
Mutations in the 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) gene are the second leading cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by adrenal insufficiency, virilization of female external genitalia, and hypertension with or without hypokalemic alkalosis. Molecular analysis of CYP11B1 gene in CAH patients with 11β-hydroxylase deficiency was performed in ...
Cirtain J W - - 2013
It is now apparent that there are at least two heating mechanisms in the Sun's outer atmosphere, or corona. Wave heating may be the prevalent mechanism in quiet solar periods and may contribute to heating the corona to 1,500,000 K (refs 1-3). The active corona needs additional heating to reach 2,000,000-4,000,000 K; ...
Königs C David F - - 2013
A base-free, catalytic protocol for the dehydrogenative Si-N coupling of weakly nucleophilic N-H groups of heteroarenes or aryl-substituted amines with equimolar amounts of hydrosilanes is reported. Cooperative Si-H bond activation at a Ru-S bond generates a silicon electrophile that forms a Si-N bond prior to the N-H deprotonation by an ...
Takahama Hiroyuki - - 2013
PURPOSE: Although amiodarone is recognized as the most effective anti-arrhythmic drug available, it has negative hemodynamic effects. Nano-sized liposomes can accumulate in and selectively deliver drugs to ischemic/reperfused (I/R) myocardium, which may augment drug effects and reduce side effects. We investigated the effects of liposomal amiodarone on lethal arrhythmias and ...
Masotti Sabrina - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the lateral angle (LA) method-based on the measurement of the angle at which the internal acoustic canal opens up to the surface of the petrous bone-for sex determination in cremated skeletal remains of Italians. The sample consisted of 160 adult individuals of ...
Wei Yifeng - - 2013
AIM: Conduct a systematic review for the effectiveness of school mental health literacy programs to enhance knowledge, reduce stigmatizing attitudes and improve help-seeking behaviours among youth (12-25 years of age). METHODS: Reviewers independently searched PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, ERIC, grey literature and reference lists of included studies. They reached ...
Heese Klaus - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex brain disorder of the limbic system and association cortices. The disease is characterized by the production and deposition of the amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) in the brain, and the neuropathological mechanisms involved must be deciphered to gain further insights into the fundamental aspects of the ...
Shonka Nicole - - 2013
Plasma profiling of patients treated with antiangiogenic agents may identify markers that correlate with toxicity. Objectives were to correlate changes in cytokine and angiogenic factors as potential markers of toxicity to aflibercept. Circulating cytokine and angiogenic factors were measured in 28 patients with recurrent glioblastoma in a single-arm phase II ...
Gonçalves Hernâni - - 2013
Evaluation of foetal heart rate (FHR) variability is an essential part of foetal monitoring, but a precise quantification of this parameter depends on the quality of the signal. In this study, we compared real FHR beat-to-beat signals with 4 Hz sampling provided by commercial foetal monitors on linear and nonlinear indices ...
Harrington Emily - - 2013
AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine medium-term outcomes of a cohort of early intervention service users after discharge from the service. Additionally, to establish whether characteristics can be easily identified in the early stages of treatment to predict outcome, aid discharge planning and focus interventions. METHODS: One ...
Hu Qi - - 2013
Copper resistance of acidophilic bacteria is very significant in bioleaching of copper ore since high concentration of copper are harmful to the growth of organisms. Copper resistance gene afe_1073 was putatively considered to be involved in copper homeostasis in Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ATCC23270. In the present study, differential expression of afe_1073 ...
Ponnath Abhilash A Neuroscience Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 2020 Gravier St., New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2013
Neural adaptation, a reduction in the response to a maintained stimulus, is an important mechanism for detecting stimulus change. Contributing to change detection is the fact that adaptation is often stimulus specific: adaptation to a particular stimulus reduces excitability to a specific subset of stimuli, while the ability to respond ...
da Silva Luiz Fernando Magacho - - 2013
Schwannoma (neurilemmona) is a benign nerve sheath composed of Schwann cells. This tumor represents 1 % of all benign tumor, usually observed in the head and neck region, and in, rare cases, this lesion may be observed in oral cavity. They are usually asymptomatic, do not recur, and malignant transformation is ...
Soliman Hatem - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The immunosuppressive enzyme, indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO), is overexpressed in many different tumor types including breast cancer. IDO inhibitors synergize with chemotherapy in breast cancer murine models. Characterizing IDO expression in breast cancer could define which patients receive IDO inhibitors. This study analyzed IDO protein expression in 203 breast ...
Ibargüen César - - 2013
We present an exhaustive stochastic search of the quantum conformational spaces of the (CH(3)O)(2)PO(2)(-) + nH(2)O (n = 1,2,3) systems. We uncover structural, conformational and energetic features of the problem. As in the isolated species, clusters containing the gauche-gauche (gg) conformation of dimethylphosphate (DMP(-)) are energetically preferred, however, contributions from ...
Gökçe Evren Homan EH Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Ege University, 35100, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey. - - 2013
The aim of this work was to prepare organogels of Carbopol 974P NF (C974) in PEG 400 by using a novel technique, high-speed homogenization followed by microwave heating. Triclosan (TCS) was used as a model drug. C974, at concentrations ranging between 2% and 4%, was dispersed in 25 ml of PEG ...
Hellman Therese - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The aim was to describe and understand how connecting rehabilitation experiences and everyday life was characterised in the lived experiences during the rehabilitation in women with stress-related ill health. Method: Five women were interviewed on three occasions during a rehabilitation programme and once 3 months later. Data were ...
Shehabi Yahya - - 2013
PURPOSE: To ascertain the relationship among early (first 48 h) deep sedation, time to extubation, delirium and long-term mortality. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre prospective longitudinal cohort study in 11 Malaysian hospitals including medical/surgical patients (n = 259) who were sedated and ventilated ≥24 h. Patients were followed from ICU admission up to 28 days in ...
Jabbour Elias E Department of Stem Cell Transplantation, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2013
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) is the only potentially curative treatment for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Recently, hypomethylating agents (HMAs) have been shown to improve survival in patients with high-risk MDS. We conducted a retrospective case-control study to compare survival with these treatment modalities in patients with untreated MDS. Controls were ...
Morgens David W - - 2013
The canonical code has been shown many times to be highly robust against point mutations; that is, mutations that change a single nucleotide tend to result in similar amino acids more often than expected by chance. There are two major types of models for the origin of the code, which ...
Cornes Michelle - - 2013
There has been growing concern that English local authorities are over reliant on temporary staff to meet the shortage of social workers. This has been criticised as inefficient and costly while leading to problems of continuity and consistency for people using social work services. Focussing on recent policy and the ...
Dochow Sebastian - - 2013
An all-fibre based Raman-on-chip setup is introduced which enables analysis of solutions and trapped particles without microscopes or objectives. Beside the novel quartz microfluidic chip, innovative multi-core single-mode fibres with integrated fibre Bragg gratings are used for detection. The limit of quantitation is 7.5 mM for urea and 2.5 mM ...
Kalisinska Elzbieta E Department of Biology and Medical Parasitology, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstancow Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111, Szczecin, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of mercury (Hg) in liver (L), kidney (K), breast muscle [BM (musculus pectoralis major)], breast feathers (BF), and stomach contents (SC) of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L. 1758). Among the edible parts of mallard, the greatest concentrations of Hg were observed ...
Wang Yiwei - - 2013
Class II hydrophobin (HFBII) is a very promising ingredient for improving foam stability. Pure HFBII-stabilized bubbles exhibited exceptional stability to disproportionation (dissolution) but were not stable to bubble coalescence induced by a pressure drop. Bubbles stabilized by mixtures of HFBII + sodium caseinate (SC) or -lactoglobulin (BL) showed decreased shrinkage ...
Koprivnikar J - - 2013
SUMMARY The range of hosts used by a parasite is influenced by macro-evolutionary processes (host switching, host-parasite co-evolution), as well as 'encounter filters' and 'compatibility filters' at the micro-evolutionary level driven by host/parasite ecology and physiology. Host specialization is hypothesized to result in trade-offs with aspects of parasite life history ...
Maharaj A R AR School of Pharmacy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, - - 2013
The use of physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models in the field of pediatric drug development has garnered much interest of late due to a recent Food and Drug Administration recommendation. The purpose of this study is to illustrate the developmental processes involved in creation of a pediatric PBPK model incorporating ...
Liao Yuanyuan - - 2013
We compare the absorption and fluorescence spectra of single crystals and suspensions of nanoparticles with the prediction of the Frenkel theory. The single crystals of a novel synthesized fluorescent BODIPY derivative dye, adamantyl mesityl BODIPY (4,4-difluoro-3,5-di-(adamantyl)-8-mesityl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene), have been prepared. Their birefringence and dichroism have been studied. The X-ray crystallography shows ...
Morita Keiko - - 2013
AIMS: It remains debatable whether early intervention for psychosis is capable of meeting the needs of at-risk subjects. The aims of this study were to describe the actual impact of interventions on subjective difficulties and to explore the factors that may be associated with a poor outcome. METHODS: Participants were ...
Overton Edgar Turner ET Department of Medicine, University of Alabama Birmingham, CCB Rm 325, 908 20th St South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. - - 2013
The diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive impairment is time-intensive and often omitted in busy outpatient settings. Brief screening tools are needed. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the Alzheimer's disease (AD)-8 have been used in neurodegenerative disorders. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of these brief screening tools ...
Li Bin - - 2013
Surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) was triggered after diffusion of a CuI/L activator generated at a working electrode. A stable [CuIIL]/[CuIL] ratio gradient was formed at the gap between the working electrode and initiator terminated substrate due to ion diffusion. The size of the gap can be used ...
Tohidkia Mohammad R - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gastric/gastrointestinal cancers are associated with high mortality worldwide. G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily members such as gastrin/cholecystokinin-B receptor (CCK-BR) are involved in progression of gastric tumors, thus CCK-BR is considered as a potential target for immunotherapy. However, production of functional monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against GPCR seems to ...
Cheng Yuli - - 2013
SUMMARY Blockage of pathogen transmission through water decontamination is considered an important strategy for the prevention of schistosome infection. Many believe that this strategy is feasible, but it has yet to be achieved. Silver has a long history of use as a disinfectant. With the emergence of nanotechnology, silver can ...
Guenette Melanie D - - 2013
RATIONALE: Atypical antipsychotics have been linked to weight gain and type 2 diabetes, but are also associated with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which can occur more acutely and in the absence of weight gain. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to review current case reports of DKA in the context of atypical antipsychotic ...
Rao Rahul - - 2013
The physical state of the catalyst and its impact on the growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) is the subject of a long-standing debate. We addressed it here using in situ Raman spectroscopy to measure Fe and Ni catalyst lifetimes during the growth of individual SWNTs across a wide range ...
Maïano Christophe - - 2013
Most previous studies have failed to replicate the original factor structure of the 26-item version of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) among community samples of adolescents. The main objective of the present series of four studies (n = 2178) was to revisit the factor structure of this instrument among mixed gender community ...
Adachi Paul J C - - 2013
Some researchers have proposed that video games possess good learning principles and may promote problem solving skills. Empirical research regarding this relationship, however, is limited. The goal of the presented study was to examine whether strategic video game play (i.e., role playing and strategy games) predicted self-reported problem solving skills ...
Shah Dhruvil R DR Division of Surgical Oncology, UC Davis Cancer Center, 4501 X Street, Sacramento, CA 95817, - - 2013
There are conflicting data regarding improvements in postoperative outcomes with perioperative epidural analgesia. We sought to examine the effect of perioperative epidural analgesia vs. intravenous narcotic analgesia on perioperative outcomes including pain control, morbidity, and mortality in patients undergoing gastric and pancreatic resections. We evaluated 169 patients from 2007 to ...
Ao Yinyong - - 2013
The trace water-soluble radiolytic products of neat 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([C(4)mim][NTf(2)]) were identified by analysing water-washed samples of γ-ray irradiated ionic liquids. CF(3)SO(2)OH, CF(3)SOOH, CF(3)SO(2)NH(2), HF and H(2)SO(3) were confirmed as main radiolytic products of [C(4)mim][NTf(2)], and the total radiation chemical yields of the water-soluble radiolytic products (0.35 μmol J(-1)) and ...
Miyai Nobuyuki - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome (MS) may influence vascular reactivity and might cause an excessive increase in blood pressure (BP) during dynamic exercise. We examined this hypothesis in 698 normotensive men (mean age: 43 years) free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and renal disease. The response of BP to exercise was assessed by ...
Tonks K T - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Muscle insulin resistance, one of the earliest defects associated with type 2 diabetes, involves changes in the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt network. The relative contribution of obesity vs insulin resistance to perturbations in this pathway is poorly understood. METHODS: We used phosphospecific antibodies against targets in the Akt signalling network to ...
Bimpis Alexios - - 2013
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) represents a partially-understood cerebrovascular disease of high incidence, morbidity and mortality. We, herein, report the findings of our study concerning the role of two important adenosinetriphosphatases (ATPases) in a porcine model of spontaneous ICH that we have recently developed (by following recent references as well as ...
Onoda Satoshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The position of perforator vessels varies between individuals. In this report, we present our experience on the use of combining multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT), Doppler flowmetry, and indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescent angiography to identify perforator vessels of flaps for reconstruction. We evaluated the advantages, disadvantages, and chose the necessary ...
Young Kim Shin - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between anti-angiogenic factor soluble c-Met (sMet) concentrations in maternal plasma and the risk of preeclampsia. Methods: The pregnant women included in this study (1) had subsequent preeclampsia (n = 52) and were compared to normal controls (n = ...
Firinci Erkan - - 2013
A metal templated synthetic approach gives access to [Cp*Fe(CO)(2){B(NMesCMe)(2)CH}][BAr(f)(4)], and represents the first example of coordinative trapping of the elusive [B(NRCMe)(2)CH] fragment.
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