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Konta Tsuneo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Albuminuria is a known risk factor for cardiovascular events and premature deaths. However, the association between urinary albumin excretion and mortality is unknown in the Japanese population. To clarify this, we conducted a community-based longitudinal study. METHODS: This study included 3,445 registered Japanese subjects (mean age 62.6 years), with a ...
Wang Ye - - 2013
In order to improve warfarin adherence, we must first know the rate of non-adherence and the reasons for it. Assessment of warfarin adherence is important in improving patients' warfarin-taking behavior and International Normalized Ratio (INR) control. This study aimed to compare three medication adherence measures in patients taking warfarin: the ...
Biryomumaisho Savino - - 2013
The prevalence and pathogenic effects of trypanosomosis were determined in cattle, goats and pigs reared in Kasese, Jinja and Rakai districts, Uganda; presence of trypanosomes was detected by buffy coat technique (BCT). The overall prevalence of trypanosomosis in cattle was 7.6 % (144/1,891), 0.7 % in goats (4/573) and 2.3 % in pigs ...
Lee Sangho - - 2013
In this article, the imposition of an external electric field is proposed as an effective means to improve the hydrogen storage properties of a promising medium. To demonstrate the feasibility of this concept, the geometric stability and hydrogen capacity of Li functionalized N-doped graphene were investigated in the presence of ...
Harju Jukka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and minilaparotomy cholecystectomy (MC) are the two most commonly performed mini-invasive surgical techniques for the treatment of symptomatic gallstone disease, but the long-term outcome after these two procedures has not been compared in prospective clinical trials. We therefore investigated the outcome after LC and MC in ...
McMichael Colleen M - - 2013
1 I. 1 II. 3 III. 8 IV. 13 13 References 13 SUMMARY: Following mitosis, cytoplasm, organelles and genetic material are partitioned into daughter cells through the process of cytokinesis. In somatic cells of higher plants, two cytoskeletal arrays, the preprophase band and the phragmoplast, facilitate the positioning and de ...
Nisén Jessica - - 2013
Despite the large body of research on educational differences in fertility, how genetic and environmental influences may contribute to educational differences in completed fertility is not well understood. This study examines the association between educational level and completed fertility in a sample of Finnish male and female twins born between ...
Cabrera-Sanfelix Pepa - - 2013
Density functional theory calculations have been used to analyze the electronic and magnetic properties of ultrathin zigzag graphene nanoribbons (ZGNRs) with different edge saturations. We have compared a symmetric hydrogen saturation of both edges with an asymmetric saturation in which one of the edges is saturated with sulphur atoms or ...
Wechselberger Gottfried - - 2013
Poland's syndrome represents a congenital unilateral deformity of the breast, chest wall, and upper limb with extremely variable manifestations. In most cases, the problem is mainly cosmetic, and the reconstruction of the chest wall should use a method designed to be performed easily and to achieve minimal scarring and donor ...
Lykoudis Efstathios G - - 2013
Reconstruction of weight-bearing plantar defects remains a challenge due to the unique characteristics of the plantar skin and thus the limited available options. The medial plantar flap, either pedicled or free, represents an ideal option, but its use as sensate flap for forefoot defects has been scarcely reported. We present ...
Boespflug Erin L - - 2013
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is used to detect tissue pathology. In Alzheimer's disease (AD) research, DTI has been used to elucidate differences in disease stages and to track progression over time and clinical severity. Many of these studies have identified the fornix as particularly vulnerable in the early stages of ...
Franzenburg Sören S Zoological Institute, Christian-Albrechts University Kiel, Kiel, - - 2013
Animals are colonized by complex bacterial communities. The processes controlling community membership and influencing the establishment of the microbial ecosystem during development are poorly understood. Here we aimed to explore the assembly of bacterial communities in Hydra with the broader goal of elucidating the general rules that determine the temporal ...
He Huining H School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, - - 2013
In this review, we discussed the establishment of a so-called "theranostic" system by instituting the basic principles including the use of: [1] magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MION)-based drug carrier; [2] intra-arterial (I.A.) magnetic targeting; [3] macromolecular drugs with unmatched therapeutic potency and a repetitive reaction mechanism; [4] cell-penetrating peptide-mediated cellular ...
Mochizuki Tomoyuki - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the morphology of the mid-substance and fan-like extension fibres of ACL during knee motion with reference to the femoral attachment. METHODS: This study used six fresh-frozen cadaveric knees and 22 embalmed cadaveric knees to macroscopically evaluate morphological changes in the ACL ...
Eyssen Isaline C J M - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To assess the efficacy of client-centred occupational therapy (OT) according to a client-centred process framework, as compared to usual care OT, in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Method: A multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial with the institution (i.e. hospital or rehabilitation centre) as the unit of randomisation was ...
Graziosi Antonio Carmo - - 2013
Dark circles under or around the eyes is a cosmetic problem for a large number of people. It is a condition of unknown etiology characterized by the darkening of the eyelids and periorbital skin. The aim of this study was to determine histopathological changes associated with cutaneous idiopathic hyperchromia of ...
Van der Elst Wim - - 2013
Serial cognitive assessment is conducted to monitor changes in the cognitive abilities of patients over time. At present, mainly the regression-based change and the ANCOVA approaches are used to establish normative data for serial cognitive assessment. These methods are straightforward, but they have some severe drawbacks. For example, they can ...
Mikami Ryuji - - 2013
Abstract This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy of radiotherapy for primary intraocular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PIOL). Between May 1998 and October 2010, 22 immunocompetent patients (4 men, 18 women; median age 70 years; range 53-79 years) were diagnosed with PIOL. Magnetic resonance imaging showed no intracranial involvement in any ...
Chattopadhyay Subrata - - 2013
Who are the gatekeepers in bioethics? Does editorial bias or institutional racism exist in leading bioethics journals? We analyzed the composition of the editorial boards of 14 leading bioethics journals by country. Categorizing these countries according to their Human Development Index (HDI), we discovered that approximately 95 percent of editorial ...
Ban Qiaoying - - 2013
The performance and microbial community characteristics of a laboratory scale anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) with four compartments (C1-C4) treating sugar refinery wastewater were investigated. The COD removal was 94.8 % with a CH(4) yield of 0.21 L g(-1) COD(removed) at total organic loading rate (OLR) of 5.33 kg COD/m(-3) day(-1). Fermentative bacteria were dominant in ...
Tlahuice-Flores Alfredo - - 2013
The study reported herein addressed the structure, adsorption energy and normal modes of zwitterion L-cysteine (Z-cys) adsorbed on the Au(20) cluster by using density functional theory (DFT). It was found that four Z-cys are bound to the Au(20) apexes preferentially through S atoms. Regarding normal modes, after adsorption of four ...
El-Khawand Dominique - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Botulinum toxin has recently been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of urinary incontinence associated with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. However, it has also been used off-label for a multitude of other conditions in the female pelvis, including urological, gynecological, and colorectal. This ...
Chaves Alicia H - - 2013
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) for infants and young children typically requires sedation. General anesthesia with controlled ventilation can eliminate motion artifact with breath-holds during imaging to limit respiratory artifact, but these may lead to atelectasis or other complications. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) provides ventilation with near-constant mean airway pressure ...
Losh Jenna L - - 2013
Ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase (Rubisco) concentrations were quantified as a proportion of total protein in eight species of microalgae. This enzyme has been assumed to be a major fraction of total protein in phytoplankton, as has been demonstrated in plants, potentially constituting a large sink for cellular nitrogen. Representative ...
Moraal Marloes - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This study provides an analysis of bodily experiences of a man with a lower leg amputation who used a virtual rehabilitation program. Method: The study reports data from semi-structured interviews with a 32-year veteran who used a virtual environment during rehabilitation. The interviews were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological ...
Bowe J E - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Glucose plays two distinct roles in regulating insulin secretion from beta cells-an initiatory role, and a permissive role enabling receptor-operated secretagogues to potentiate glucose-induced insulin secretion. The molecular mechanisms underlying the permissive effects of glucose on receptor-operated insulin secretion remain uncertain. We have investigated the role of extracellular signal-regulated ...
Komatsu Makoto - - 2013
A donor-acceptor type organic dye connected with a quinoidal thiophene as a π-conjugated chain, cyano-[5'-(4''-(N,N-dimethylamino)benzylidene)-5H-thiophen-2'-ylidene]acetic acid, was synthesized and applied to dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The absorption band of this quinoidal thiophene dye appeared at longer wavelengths than those of dyes with similar π-conjugation length, indicating the effective π-conjugation through ...
Edwards Chad D - - 2013
Industrial activity over the last two centuries has increased heavy metal contamination worldwide, leading to greater human exposure. Zinc is particularly common in industrial effluents and although an essential nutrient, it is highly toxic at elevated concentrations. Photoautotrophic microbes hold promise for heavy metal bioremediation applications because of their ease ...
Chien Chih-Ching - - 2013
Heavy metals are common contaminants found in polluted areas. We have identified a heavy metal translocating P-type ATPase gene (hmtp) via fosmid library and in vitro transposon mutagenesis from an Enterobacter sp. isolate. This gene is believed to participate in the bacterium's heavy metal resistance traits. The complete gene was ...
Albesa Alberto G - - 2013
In this letter, we study the effect of cation charge on anion selectivity in the pore using grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations. The mechanism of anion selectivity inside nanopores was found to be primarily a consequence of the screening of negative charges by the cations. In the case of monovalent ...
Aigelsreiter Ariane - - 2013
Background: Elastofibroma dorsi is a benign soft tissue lesion composed of abnormal elastic fibers. Degenerated elastic fibers in skin and liver are associated with clusterin, an apoprotein that shares functional properties with small heat shock proteins. We evaluated the staining pattern and possible role of clusterin in elastofibroma dorsi. Material ...
Atighechi Saeid S Department of Otolaryngology, Shahid Sadooghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. - - 2013
Nasal polyps are associated with the inflammation of the nasal cavity and the sinus mucosa. When medical treatment cannot solve a patient's problem, a functional endoscopic sinus surgery may be indicated. Bleeding impairs the surgery field during operation and increases the operation risk and time. Pre-operative corticosteroids can reduce bleeding ...
Magaud Emilie E Department of Psychiatry, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2013
Several studies suggest an association between experiences of childhood trauma including bullying and the development of psychotic symptoms. The use of communications technology has created a new media for bullying called 'cyberbullying'. Research has demonstrated associations between traditional bullying and cyberbullying. Negative effects of cyberbullying appear similar in nature and ...
Comi Giancarlo - - 2013
Chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been proposed as a "congenital malformation" implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, numerous studies failed to confirm its presence in MS patients. This paper presents the rationale, design, and methodology adopted in the CoSMo study, conducted with the aim of verifying ...
Abou-Nassar Karim E - - 2013
Abstract We describe the patterns of use of 18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for the initial staging of patients with newly diagnosed grade 1-2 follicular lymphoma (FL) and its potential impact on treatment. Data were obtained from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Outcomes Database. Patients who presented between ...
Severino P - - 2013
Basal cell carcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas are non-melanoma skin cancers reported to be among the most common malignancies, being responsible for high human morbidity. Conventional chemotherapy applied to these conditions shows non-specific targeting, thus severe adverse side effects are also commonly reported. New therapeutic strategies based on nanoparticulates technology ...
Mitterer Holger - - 2013
We investigated the relation between action and perception in speech processing, using the shadowing task, in which participants repeat words they hear. In support of a tight perception-action link, previous work has shown that phonetic details in the stimulus influence the shadowing response. On the other hand, latencies do not ...
Kannan Alagarsamy - - 2013
To study the effect of feeding calcium hydroxide-treated or vitamin E-supplemented cottonseed meal (CSM) incorporated diets on plasma gossypol, blood parameters and animal performance, 24 male Bikaneri lambs of 6-7 months of age and of uniform body weight were divided into four groups of six animals each in a completely randomized ...
Endo Jun - - 2013
Hindfoot reconstruction after calcaneal osteomyelitis is a challenging procedure designed to restore the weight bearing function of the heel and to allow a functional reconstruction of the Achilles tendon. Some patients require subtalar arthrodesis after primary calcaneal osteosyntesis or hindfoot reconstruction due to the considerable pain associated with weight-bearing caused ...
Arpaci Erkan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors, survival rate and the efficacy of the treatment modalities used in patients with Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT). Data of patients with ESFTs followed up at different cancer centers in Turkey between 2001 and 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. The ...
Zaffar Nusrat - - 2013
PURPOSE: Platelet transfusion in cardiac surgery is often empiric as no established point-of-care tests are available for clear guidance of blood product administration, and there are many variables that can potentially increase the risk of bleeding during cardiopulmonary bypass. The objectives of this study were to determine the factors that ...
Moeller Korbinian - - 2013
There is accumulating evidence suggesting that two-digit number magnitude is represented in a decomposed fashion into tens and units rather than holistically as one integrated entity. However, recently, it has been claimed that this property does not hold for the case when two to-be-compared numbers are presented sequentially. In the ...
Zou Jing - - 2013
Two lactose-consuming diploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains, AY-51024A and AY-51024M, were constructed by expressing the LAC4 and LAC12 genes of Kluyveromyces marxianus in the host strain AY-5. In AY-51024A, both genes were targeted to the ATH1 and NTH1 gene-encoding regions to abolish the activity of acid/neutral trehalase. In AY-51024M, both genes ...
Harris Robert J RJ Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024, - - 2013
Fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI sequences have become an indispensible tool for defining the malignant boundary in patients with brain tumors by nulling the signal contribution from cerebrospinal fluid allowing both regions of edema and regions of non-enhancing, infiltrating tumor to become hyperintense on resulting images. In the current ...
Wigginton Britta - - 2013
Australia is at the forefront of tobacco control, yet 17% of Australian women smoke during pregnancy. Negative attitudes to smoking are intensified when the smoker is pregnant, consistent with a discourse that encourages surveillance of pregnant women. Such overt anti-smoking attitudes create a context which may make it difficult for ...
Chiron Catherine - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in refractory paediatric epilepsy usually involve the two main types of epilepsy shared by children and adults, focal epilepsy and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). Most other epilepsy syndromes, specifically paediatric, are excluded from drug development. In order to identify among them the candidate(s) for dedicated RCTs ...
Sugawara Takashi - - 2013
The diagnosis and treatment of pituitary macroadenomas with entire hematoma fluid accumulation are problematic. Such lesions are often difficult to completely resect, and recurrence is not uncommon. We present five cases of pituitary macroadenomas entirely composed of hematoma fluid and investigated their histopathology to clarify the mechanism of the hematoma ...
Nichols Gregory A GA Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA. - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in diabetes requires broad-based treatment of dyslipidemia, hypertension, and hyperglycemia. The independent contribution of all combinations of risk factor control to CVD risk has not been evaluated. To estimate the independent association of control of glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ...
Cakir Ufuk - - 2013
Acquired Bartter-like syndrome (BLS), characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, and normal kidney function, can be induced by diuretics or antibiotics. It is a very rare condition and only anecdotal cases mostly in adults were reported. Although tubulopathy associated with colistin was reported in adults, to the best of ...
Zeng Hui Hui HH Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, - - 2013
A protein-based emission ratiometric fluorescence biosensor is described that exhibits sensitivity to free zinc ion in solution down to picomolar concentrations. Ratiometric measurements are widely used to assure accurate quantitation, and emission ratios are preferred for laser scanning microscopes such as confocal fluorescence microscopes. The relatively long emission wavelengths used ...
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