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Matamis Dimitrios - - 2013
The use of ultrasonography has become increasingly popular in the everyday management of critically ill patients. It has been demonstrated to be a safe and handy bedside tool that allows rapid hemodynamic assessment and visualization of the thoracic, abdominal and major vessels structures. More recently, M-mode ultrasonography has been used ...
Kallenberg K - - 2013
The most frequent primary brain tumors, anaplastic astrocytomas (AA) and glioblastomas (GBM): tend to invasion of the surrounding brain. Histopathological studies found malignant cells in macroscopically unsuspicious brain parenchyma remote from the primary tumor, even affecting the contralateral hemisphere. In early stages, diffuse interneural infiltration with changes of the apparent ...
Hatano Taketo - - 2013
Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) are relatively uncommon and are the most dangerous type of DAVF. Because of a high incidence of hemorrhage and subsequent neurological deficits, treatment is mandatory. A consecutive series of nine surgically treated patients with symptomatic tentorial DAVF were analyzed in this study. All lesions were ...
Scott Lesley J - - 2013
Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and impose considerable costs on healthcare systems. A key predictor of clinical outcomes in patients with BSIs is the early initiation of appropriate targeted antimicrobial therapy. However, with conventional blood culture methods, the gold standard, there is a ...
Abbaszadegan Mohammad Reza - - 2013
Mutations in the 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) gene are the second leading cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by adrenal insufficiency, virilization of female external genitalia, and hypertension with or without hypokalemic alkalosis. Molecular analysis of CYP11B1 gene in CAH patients with 11β-hydroxylase deficiency was performed in ...
Sheir Sherin K - - 2013
The effect of previous toxicant exposure (i.e., exposure history) on an organism's response to re-exposure to the toxicant is of considerable interest. The marine mussel Mytilus edulis was collected from reference and polluted sites in southwest England, and groups of mussels from each site were exposed to 20 μg/L CdCl(2) for ...
Rizk Elias - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Suprasellar arachnoid cysts can differ from other arachnoid cysts in several ways, making a separate analysis of these cysts worthwhile. Herein, we present the outcome and perform volumetric analysis of six children with suprasellar arachnoid cysts treated with endoscopic ventriculocystocisternostomy in order to evaluate the long-term outcomes. PATIENTS AND ...
Kauscher Ulrike - - 2013
In this article we describe the introduction of amphiphilic β-cyclodextrins into liposomes to act as artificial receptor units. Using dynamic light scattering, dye encapsulation, and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy it is shown that amphiphilic β-cyclodextrins can be mixed at any proportion with a typical mixture of phospholipids and cholesterol to ...
Ohno Hideaki - - 2013
Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection that, although not endemic in Japan, has seen a rise in the number of Japanese cases since the mid-1980s. Diagnosis of the disease is not straightforward, and the main method of detection, fungal culture (which has biosafety-related issues), is of low sensitivity in general. Alternative ...
Tohidkia Mohammad R - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gastric/gastrointestinal cancers are associated with high mortality worldwide. G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily members such as gastrin/cholecystokinin-B receptor (CCK-BR) are involved in progression of gastric tumors, thus CCK-BR is considered as a potential target for immunotherapy. However, production of functional monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against GPCR seems to ...
Cheng Yuli - - 2013
SUMMARY Blockage of pathogen transmission through water decontamination is considered an important strategy for the prevention of schistosome infection. Many believe that this strategy is feasible, but it has yet to be achieved. Silver has a long history of use as a disinfectant. With the emergence of nanotechnology, silver can ...
Guenette Melanie D - - 2013
RATIONALE: Atypical antipsychotics have been linked to weight gain and type 2 diabetes, but are also associated with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which can occur more acutely and in the absence of weight gain. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to review current case reports of DKA in the context of atypical antipsychotic ...
Rao Rahul - - 2013
The physical state of the catalyst and its impact on the growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) is the subject of a long-standing debate. We addressed it here using in situ Raman spectroscopy to measure Fe and Ni catalyst lifetimes during the growth of individual SWNTs across a wide range ...
Maïano Christophe - - 2013
Most previous studies have failed to replicate the original factor structure of the 26-item version of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) among community samples of adolescents. The main objective of the present series of four studies (n = 2178) was to revisit the factor structure of this instrument among mixed gender community ...
Adachi Paul J C - - 2013
Some researchers have proposed that video games possess good learning principles and may promote problem solving skills. Empirical research regarding this relationship, however, is limited. The goal of the presented study was to examine whether strategic video game play (i.e., role playing and strategy games) predicted self-reported problem solving skills ...
Shah Dhruvil R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting data regarding improvements in postoperative outcomes with perioperative epidural analgesia. We sought to examine the effect of perioperative epidural analgesia vs. intravenous narcotic analgesia on perioperative outcomes including pain control, morbidity, and mortality in patients undergoing gastric and pancreatic resections. METHODS: We evaluated 169 patients from ...
Ao Yinyong - - 2013
The trace water-soluble radiolytic products of neat 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([C(4)mim][NTf(2)]) were identified by analysing water-washed samples of γ-ray irradiated ionic liquids. CF(3)SO(2)OH, CF(3)SOOH, CF(3)SO(2)NH(2), HF and H(2)SO(3) were confirmed as main radiolytic products of [C(4)mim][NTf(2)], and the total radiation chemical yields of the water-soluble radiolytic products (0.35 μmol J(-1)) and ...
Dochow Sebastian - - 2013
An all-fibre based Raman-on-chip setup is introduced which enables analysis of solutions and trapped particles without microscopes or objectives. Beside the novel quartz microfluidic chip, innovative multi-core single-mode fibres with integrated fibre Bragg gratings are used for detection. The limit of quantitation is 7.5 mM for urea and 2.5 mM ...
Wang Yiwei - - 2013
Class II hydrophobin (HFBII) is a very promising ingredient for improving foam stability. Pure HFBII-stabilized bubbles exhibited exceptional stability to disproportionation (dissolution) but were not stable to bubble coalescence induced by a pressure drop. Bubbles stabilized by mixtures of HFBII + sodium caseinate (SC) or -lactoglobulin (BL) showed decreased shrinkage ...
Koprivnikar J - - 2013
SUMMARY The range of hosts used by a parasite is influenced by macro-evolutionary processes (host switching, host-parasite co-evolution), as well as 'encounter filters' and 'compatibility filters' at the micro-evolutionary level driven by host/parasite ecology and physiology. Host specialization is hypothesized to result in trade-offs with aspects of parasite life history ...
Liao Yuanyuan - - 2013
We compare the absorption and fluorescence spectra of single crystals and suspensions of nanoparticles with the prediction of the Frenkel theory. The single crystals of a novel synthesized fluorescent BODIPY derivative dye, adamantyl mesityl BODIPY (4,4-difluoro-3,5-di-(adamantyl)-8-mesityl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene), have been prepared. Their birefringence and dichroism have been studied. The X-ray crystallography shows ...
Morita Keiko - - 2013
AIMS: It remains debatable whether early intervention for psychosis is capable of meeting the needs of at-risk subjects. The aims of this study were to describe the actual impact of interventions on subjective difficulties and to explore the factors that may be associated with a poor outcome. METHODS: Participants were ...
Li Bin - - 2013
Surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) was triggered after diffusion of a CuI/L activator generated at a working electrode. A stable [CuIIL]/[CuIL] ratio gradient was formed at the gap between the working electrode and initiator terminated substrate due to ion diffusion. The size of the gap can be used ...
Wang Bing - - 2013
Lysosome-associated protein transmembrane-4 beta (LAPTM4B) is a novel cancer-related gene. It has two alleles designated LAPTM4B*1 and LAPTM4B*2. Previous studies have revealed that LAPTM4B polymorphisms contribute to the risk of many cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between different LAPTM4B alleles and the risk of ...
Li Yifeng - - 2013
Scygonadin is an antimicrobial protein isolated from the mud crab, Scylla serrate. The mature protein comprises 102 amino acids and has a theoretical molecular weight of 11,272 Da. The protein's specific expression pattern strongly suggests that it plays a role in reproductive immunity. In this study, I developed a protocol for ...
Chen Shengli - - 2013
The crested ibis is one of the most endangered birds in the world, found only in Shaanxi Province in Central China, and it has been reintroduced in Sadogashima in Japan. Two Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates were collected from sick crested ibises, and their pathogenic and phylogenetic characteristics were investigated. ...
Antonov Dimitar - - 2013
Background. Irritant contact dermatitis remains a substantial problem in the food processing industries. Irritants that are weak by themselves, such as glove occlusion and mild detergents, could interact to produce contact dermatitis. Objectives. To model the irritant action of an antibacterial hand cleanser and glove occlusion, with sodium lauryl sulfate ...
Kilburn-Toppin Fleur - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Maximum intensity projection (MIP) images might be useful in helping to differentiate small pulmonary nodules from adjacent vessels on thoracic multidetector CT (MDCT). OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the benefits of axial MIP images over axial source images for the paediatric chest in an interobserver variability study. MATERIALS ...
Mavrakanas Thomas A - - 2013
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is a rare complication of antithyroid drug use that was first described with propylthiouracil. We describe an ANCA-associated rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in a patient treated with carbimazole during 6 months for Graves disease that resulted in end-stage renal disease. A 66-year-old man treated with carbimazole for ...
Lee Sohee - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Robotic applications have achieved safe and precise thyroidectomy with notable cosmetic and functional benefits. This study was designed to document the influence of body habitus on robotic thyroidectomy in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients. METHODS: From July 2009 to February 2010, 352 patients underwent robotic thyroidectomy using a gasless, ...
Sen Supriti - - 2013
A new colorimetric fluorescent receptor for H(2)PO(4)(-) is reported in this communication. The receptor can detect dihydrogen phosphates optically by developing a color change from yellow to green. Acute spectral responses to H(2)PO(4)(-) in HEPES buffer (DMSO-HEPES 1 : 9) have been observed. The selectivity zone in terms of pH of the ...
Shadiac Nadim - - 2013
Abstract Membrane proteins control fundamental processes that are inherent to nearly all forms of life such as transport of molecules, catalysis, signaling, vesicle fusion, sensing of chemical and physical stimuli from the environment, and cell-cell interactions. Membrane proteins are harbored within a non-equilibrium fluid-like environment of biological membranes that separate ...
Li Xin - - 2013
A regioselective [3 + 2] cycloaddition of benzofuranone type active olefins with allenoates catalyzed by trivalent phosphines has been developed, which provided an easy access to enriched functionalized spirocyclic benzofuranones. The reactions accommodated a number of benzofuranone type electron-deficient olefins and allenoates to give the desired 3-spirocyclopentane benzofuran-2-ones or 2-spirocyclopentane ...
Barbosa Carolina da Silva - - 2013
A total of 73 ethanol extracts from different anatomical parts of 44 plant species belonging to 24 families, native to the Mid-Western region of Brazil, were assessed in vitro for their effect on the reproductive cycle of engorged females of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, using the adult immersion ...
Raune David - - 2013
AIM: A modular symptom-specific (MSS) programme of early intervention group cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis might confer additional therapeutic benefits and clinical and financial efficiency, but the approach is empirically untested. Therefore, we devised a novel MSS programme to test - in a culturally diverse 'Real World' early intervention service ...
Son Ji Young - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor-β(1) (TGF-β(1)) is a key cytokine that plays a critical role in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The genotypes of T869C polymorphism may be associated with the susceptibility to fibrotic lung disease. METHODS: We investigated a single-nucleotide polymorphism at exon 1 nucleotide position 29 (T → C) of the TGF-β(1) ...
Alsufyani Noura A - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review studies using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to assess dimensional changes in the upper airway after appliance or surgical therapy in subjects with obstructive sleep apnoea and to correlate CBCT findings with treatment outcome. METHOD: Several electronic databases were searched. Studies ...
Otowa Takeshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previous studies consistently identified a relationship between parenting behavior and psychopathology. In this study, we extended prior analyses performed in female twins to a large sample of twins from male-male pairs. METHODS: We used interview data on 2,609 adult male twins from a population-based twin registry. We examined the ...
Smith Paul - - 2013
While radical nephroureterectomy represents the gold standard for managing upper-tract urothelial carcinoma, nephron-sparing approaches have increasingly been utilized in the elective setting. Such considerations are accentuated by contemporary studies highlighting sequelae related to chronic kidney disease following nephrectomy. Kidney sparing treatments including segmental ureteral resection and endoscopic ablation may therefore ...
Zogbi L - - 2013
PURPOSE: In this manuscript, the authors describe an animal study comparing shrinkage, inflammatory response and fibroplasia in heavyweight (HW-PP) and lightweight polypropylene (LW-PP) meshes. METHODS: Both meshes were fixed on abdominal fascia of 25 Wistar rats (epifascial onlay placement). They were killed at 7, 28 and 90 days to measure the ...
Arias-Loste Maria Teresa - - 2013
Anti-proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (anti-PR3 ANCA) represent an established serologic marker of active granulomatosis with polyangiitis, but their role as a serologic marker in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains uncertain. This study evaluates the presence of anti-PR3 ANCA and their validity as a serologic marker to aid in the ...
Brocklehurst Keith - - 2013
Desquamation or cell shedding in mammalian skin is known to involve serine proteases, aspartic proteases and glycosidases. In addition, evidence continues to accumulate that papain-like cysteine proteases and an inhibitor cystatin M/E largely confined to the cutaneous epithelia also play key roles in the process. This involves the complete proteolysis ...
Saiprasad Ganesh - - 2013
Adrenal abnormalities are commonly identified on computed tomography (CT) and are seen in at least 5 % of CT examinations of the thorax and abdomen. Previous studies have suggested that evaluation of Hounsfield units within a region of interest or a histogram analysis of a region of interest can be used ...
Garcés Esther - - 2013
Parasitoids are a major top-down cause of mortality of coastal harmful algae, but the mechanisms and strategies they have evolved to efficiently infect ephemeral blooms are largely unknown. Here, we show that the generalist dinoflagellate parasitoid Parvilucifera sinerae (Perkinsozoa, Alveolata) is activated from dormancy, not only by Alexandrium minutum cells ...
Carroll Marilyn E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In previous studies with male and female rhesus monkeys, withdrawal of access to oral phencyclidine (PCP) self-administration reduced responding for food under a high fixed-ratio (FR) schedule more in males than females, and with a delay discounting (DD) task with saccharin (SACC) as the reinforcer impulsive choice for SACC ...
Rios Daniel - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantitatively measure the morphology of the glenoid and to assess feasibility of using the medial tibial plateau surface as a donor for osteoarticular allograft reconstruction of the glenoid. METHODS: Using computed tomography (CT), 10 tibias and 10 scapular models from our database ...
Passalent Laura - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To illustrate the application of geographic information systems (GIS) as a tool to assess rehabilitation service delivery by presenting results from research recently conducted to assess demand and provision for community rehabilitation service delivery in Ontario, Canada. Methods: Secondary analysis of data obtained from existing sources was used ...
Hutchison Keith A - - 2013
Speeded naming and lexical decision data for 1,661 target words following related and unrelated primes were collected from 768 subjects across four different universities. These behavioral measures have been integrated with demographic information for each subject and descriptive characteristics for every item. Subjects also completed portions of the Woodcock-Johnson reading ...
Emami Sanaz - - 2013
One of the biggest challenges in solid-state NMR studies of membrane proteins is to obtain a homogeneous natively folded sample giving high spectral resolution sufficient for structural studies. Eukaryotic membrane proteins are especially difficult and expensive targets in this respect. Methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris is a reliable producer of eukaryotic ...
Cook Tessa S - - 2013
Monitoring patients' imaging-related radiation is currently a hot topic, but there are many obstacles to accurate, patient-specific dose estimation. While some, such as easier access to dose data and parameters, have been overcome, the challenge remains as to how accurately these dose estimates reflect the actual dose received by the ...
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