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Marcus-Braun Naama - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Uterine preservation in patients with uterine prolapse is a common practice in the last decade and the reconstructive pelvic operation can be done either by vaginal, abdominal or laparoscopic approach. In young patients, uterine preservation is a legitimate option and one of the proposed operations is sacro-hystero-pexy. Single Port ...
McCrone Paul - - 2013
AIMS: To develop and populate a plausible model of the impact of early intervention (EI) for children and adolescents with psychosis to estimate potential short-term health-related cost savings compared to generic Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). METHOD: A decision-tree-based model for EI in CAMHS was developed. The model ...
Escobedo Carlos - - 2013
Nanohole array-based biosensors integrated with a microfluidic concentration gradient generator were used for imaging detection and quantification of ovarian cancer markers. Calibration curves based on controlled concentrations of the analyte were created using a microfluidic stepped diffusive mixing scheme. Quantification of samples with unknown concentration of analyte was achieved by ...
Kawai Hiroyuki - - 2013
A simple strategy avoiding the decomposition of a naked trifluoromethyl anion to difluorocarbene by a sterically very demanding organo-superbase without the help of a trifluoromethyl anion reservoir such as DMF is reported. The direct non-metallic trifluoromethylation of carbonyl compounds using fluoroform in the presence of t-Bu-P4 base afforded trifluoromethyl alcohols ...
Savini G - - 2013
SUMMARY West Nile virus (WNV) strains belonging to lineage 2 were detected and isolated from the tissues of a goshawk and two carrion crows in Sardinia in August 2012. According to NS3 sequence analysis, the Sardinian isolates shared a high level of similarity with those of Italian lineage 2 strains ...
Deleye Steven - - 2013
PURPOSE: We compared the performance of three commercial small-animal μSPECT scanners equipped with multipinhole general purpose (GP) and multipinhole high-resolution (HR) collimators designed for imaging mice. METHODS: Spatial resolution, image uniformity, point source sensitivity and contrast recovery were determined for the U-SPECT-II (MILabs), the NanoSPECT-NSO (BioScan) and the X-SPECT (GE) ...
Güttler Bert H-O - - 2013
The formation of isoaspartate (isoAsp) from asparaginyl or aspartyl residues is a spontaneous post-translational modification of peptides and proteins. Due to isopeptide bond formation, the structure and possibly function of peptides and proteins is altered. IsoAsp modifications within the peptide chain have been reported for many cytosolic proteins. Amyloid peptides ...
Goral Vasiliy N - - 2013
We describe a 96-well microplate with fluidically connected wells that enables the continuous fluid perfusion between wells without the need for external pumping. A single unit in such a perfusion microplate consists of three wells: a source well, a sample (cell culture) well in the middle and a waste well. ...
Enriquez-Urzelai Urtzi - - 2013
Food availability and pond desiccation are two of the most studied factors that condition amphibian metamorphosis. It is well known that, when food is abundant, organisms undergo metamorphosis early and when they are relatively large. The capability of anurans to accelerate their developmental rate in response to desiccation is also ...
Watson A M D - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The small, highly conserved vasoactive peptide urotensin II (UII) is upregulated in atherosclerosis. However, its effects in diabetes-associated atherosclerosis have not been assessed. METHODS: Endothelial cells were grown in normal- and high-glucose (5 and 25 mmol/l) media with and without UII (10(-8) mol/l) and/or the UII receptor antagonist, SB-657510 (10(-8) mol/l). Apoe ...
Hu J - - 2013
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is the causative agent of PRRS, the most significant infectious disease currently affecting swine industry worldwide. In the United States alone, the economic losses caused by PRRS amount to more than 560 million US dollars every year. Due to immune evasion strategies and ...
Olivieri Oliviero - - 2013
Prostasin, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored serine protease, activates the epithelial sodium (Na) channel (ENaC), and prostasin is released in extracellular fluids, including urine. Previous data have suggested a direct association between urinary prostasin and the activation of an aldosterone-driven pathway, but a quantitative association has never been demonstrated in normotensive subjects. ...
Nugent Katie L - - 2013
AIM: The aim of the current study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the BASC-2 (Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition) Atypicality subscale in a sample of adolescents receiving mental health services. METHODS: A large sample (n = 1916) of adolescents aged 12-20 years (median = 14.7 years) completed the BASC-2. A ...
Matamis Dimitrios - - 2013
The use of ultrasonography has become increasingly popular in the everyday management of critically ill patients. It has been demonstrated to be a safe and handy bedside tool that allows rapid hemodynamic assessment and visualization of the thoracic, abdominal and major vessels structures. More recently, M-mode ultrasonography has been used ...
Kallenberg K - - 2013
The most frequent primary brain tumors, anaplastic astrocytomas (AA) and glioblastomas (GBM): tend to invasion of the surrounding brain. Histopathological studies found malignant cells in macroscopically unsuspicious brain parenchyma remote from the primary tumor, even affecting the contralateral hemisphere. In early stages, diffuse interneural infiltration with changes of the apparent ...
Hatano Taketo - - 2013
Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) are relatively uncommon and are the most dangerous type of DAVF. Because of a high incidence of hemorrhage and subsequent neurological deficits, treatment is mandatory. A consecutive series of nine surgically treated patients with symptomatic tentorial DAVF were analyzed in this study. All lesions were ...
Scott Lesley J - - 2013
Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and impose considerable costs on healthcare systems. A key predictor of clinical outcomes in patients with BSIs is the early initiation of appropriate targeted antimicrobial therapy. However, with conventional blood culture methods, the gold standard, there is a ...
Abbaszadegan Mohammad Reza - - 2013
Mutations in the 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) gene are the second leading cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by adrenal insufficiency, virilization of female external genitalia, and hypertension with or without hypokalemic alkalosis. Molecular analysis of CYP11B1 gene in CAH patients with 11β-hydroxylase deficiency was performed in ...
Sheir Sherin K - - 2013
The effect of previous toxicant exposure (i.e., exposure history) on an organism's response to re-exposure to the toxicant is of considerable interest. The marine mussel Mytilus edulis was collected from reference and polluted sites in southwest England, and groups of mussels from each site were exposed to 20 μg/L CdCl(2) for ...
Rizk Elias - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Suprasellar arachnoid cysts can differ from other arachnoid cysts in several ways, making a separate analysis of these cysts worthwhile. Herein, we present the outcome and perform volumetric analysis of six children with suprasellar arachnoid cysts treated with endoscopic ventriculocystocisternostomy in order to evaluate the long-term outcomes. PATIENTS AND ...
Kauscher Ulrike - - 2013
In this article we describe the introduction of amphiphilic β-cyclodextrins into liposomes to act as artificial receptor units. Using dynamic light scattering, dye encapsulation, and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy it is shown that amphiphilic β-cyclodextrins can be mixed at any proportion with a typical mixture of phospholipids and cholesterol to ...
Ohno Hideaki - - 2013
Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection that, although not endemic in Japan, has seen a rise in the number of Japanese cases since the mid-1980s. Diagnosis of the disease is not straightforward, and the main method of detection, fungal culture (which has biosafety-related issues), is of low sensitivity in general. Alternative ...
Tohidkia Mohammad R - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gastric/gastrointestinal cancers are associated with high mortality worldwide. G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily members such as gastrin/cholecystokinin-B receptor (CCK-BR) are involved in progression of gastric tumors, thus CCK-BR is considered as a potential target for immunotherapy. However, production of functional monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against GPCR seems to ...
Cheng Yuli - - 2013
SUMMARY Blockage of pathogen transmission through water decontamination is considered an important strategy for the prevention of schistosome infection. Many believe that this strategy is feasible, but it has yet to be achieved. Silver has a long history of use as a disinfectant. With the emergence of nanotechnology, silver can ...
Guenette Melanie D - - 2013
RATIONALE: Atypical antipsychotics have been linked to weight gain and type 2 diabetes, but are also associated with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which can occur more acutely and in the absence of weight gain. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to review current case reports of DKA in the context of atypical antipsychotic ...
Rao Rahul - - 2013
The physical state of the catalyst and its impact on the growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) is the subject of a long-standing debate. We addressed it here using in situ Raman spectroscopy to measure Fe and Ni catalyst lifetimes during the growth of individual SWNTs across a wide range ...
Maïano Christophe - - 2013
Most previous studies have failed to replicate the original factor structure of the 26-item version of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) among community samples of adolescents. The main objective of the present series of four studies (n = 2178) was to revisit the factor structure of this instrument among mixed gender community ...
Adachi Paul J C - - 2013
Some researchers have proposed that video games possess good learning principles and may promote problem solving skills. Empirical research regarding this relationship, however, is limited. The goal of the presented study was to examine whether strategic video game play (i.e., role playing and strategy games) predicted self-reported problem solving skills ...
Ao Yinyong - - 2013
The trace water-soluble radiolytic products of neat 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([C(4)mim][NTf(2)]) were identified by analysing water-washed samples of γ-ray irradiated ionic liquids. CF(3)SO(2)OH, CF(3)SOOH, CF(3)SO(2)NH(2), HF and H(2)SO(3) were confirmed as main radiolytic products of [C(4)mim][NTf(2)], and the total radiation chemical yields of the water-soluble radiolytic products (0.35 μmol J(-1)) and ...
Dochow Sebastian - - 2013
An all-fibre based Raman-on-chip setup is introduced which enables analysis of solutions and trapped particles without microscopes or objectives. Beside the novel quartz microfluidic chip, innovative multi-core single-mode fibres with integrated fibre Bragg gratings are used for detection. The limit of quantitation is 7.5 mM for urea and 2.5 mM ...
Wang Yiwei - - 2013
Class II hydrophobin (HFBII) is a very promising ingredient for improving foam stability. Pure HFBII-stabilized bubbles exhibited exceptional stability to disproportionation (dissolution) but were not stable to bubble coalescence induced by a pressure drop. Bubbles stabilized by mixtures of HFBII + sodium caseinate (SC) or -lactoglobulin (BL) showed decreased shrinkage ...
Koprivnikar J - - 2013
SUMMARY The range of hosts used by a parasite is influenced by macro-evolutionary processes (host switching, host-parasite co-evolution), as well as 'encounter filters' and 'compatibility filters' at the micro-evolutionary level driven by host/parasite ecology and physiology. Host specialization is hypothesized to result in trade-offs with aspects of parasite life history ...
Liao Yuanyuan - - 2013
We compare the absorption and fluorescence spectra of single crystals and suspensions of nanoparticles with the prediction of the Frenkel theory. The single crystals of a novel synthesized fluorescent BODIPY derivative dye, adamantyl mesityl BODIPY (4,4-difluoro-3,5-di-(adamantyl)-8-mesityl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene), have been prepared. Their birefringence and dichroism have been studied. The X-ray crystallography shows ...
Morita Keiko - - 2013
AIMS: It remains debatable whether early intervention for psychosis is capable of meeting the needs of at-risk subjects. The aims of this study were to describe the actual impact of interventions on subjective difficulties and to explore the factors that may be associated with a poor outcome. METHODS: Participants were ...
Li Bin - - 2013
Surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) was triggered after diffusion of a CuI/L activator generated at a working electrode. A stable [CuIIL]/[CuIL] ratio gradient was formed at the gap between the working electrode and initiator terminated substrate due to ion diffusion. The size of the gap can be used ...
Wang Bing - - 2013
Lysosome-associated protein transmembrane-4 beta (LAPTM4B) is a novel cancer-related gene. It has two alleles designated LAPTM4B*1 and LAPTM4B*2. Previous studies have revealed that LAPTM4B polymorphisms contribute to the risk of many cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between different LAPTM4B alleles and the risk of ...
Li Yifeng - - 2013
Scygonadin is an antimicrobial protein isolated from the mud crab, Scylla serrate. The mature protein comprises 102 amino acids and has a theoretical molecular weight of 11,272 Da. The protein's specific expression pattern strongly suggests that it plays a role in reproductive immunity. In this study, I developed a protocol for ...
Chen Shengli - - 2013
The crested ibis is one of the most endangered birds in the world, found only in Shaanxi Province in Central China, and it has been reintroduced in Sadogashima in Japan. Two Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates were collected from sick crested ibises, and their pathogenic and phylogenetic characteristics were investigated. ...
Antonov Dimitar - - 2013
Background. Irritant contact dermatitis remains a substantial problem in the food processing industries. Irritants that are weak by themselves, such as glove occlusion and mild detergents, could interact to produce contact dermatitis. Objectives. To model the irritant action of an antibacterial hand cleanser and glove occlusion, with sodium lauryl sulfate ...
Kilburn-Toppin Fleur - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Maximum intensity projection (MIP) images might be useful in helping to differentiate small pulmonary nodules from adjacent vessels on thoracic multidetector CT (MDCT). OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the benefits of axial MIP images over axial source images for the paediatric chest in an interobserver variability study. MATERIALS ...
Mavrakanas Thomas A - - 2013
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is a rare complication of antithyroid drug use that was first described with propylthiouracil. We describe an ANCA-associated rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in a patient treated with carbimazole during 6 months for Graves disease that resulted in end-stage renal disease. A 66-year-old man treated with carbimazole for ...
Lee Sohee - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Robotic applications have achieved safe and precise thyroidectomy with notable cosmetic and functional benefits. This study was designed to document the influence of body habitus on robotic thyroidectomy in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients. METHODS: From July 2009 to February 2010, 352 patients underwent robotic thyroidectomy using a gasless, ...
Sen Supriti - - 2013
A new colorimetric fluorescent receptor for H(2)PO(4)(-) is reported in this communication. The receptor can detect dihydrogen phosphates optically by developing a color change from yellow to green. Acute spectral responses to H(2)PO(4)(-) in HEPES buffer (DMSO-HEPES 1 : 9) have been observed. The selectivity zone in terms of pH of the ...
Shadiac Nadim - - 2013
Abstract Membrane proteins control fundamental processes that are inherent to nearly all forms of life such as transport of molecules, catalysis, signaling, vesicle fusion, sensing of chemical and physical stimuli from the environment, and cell-cell interactions. Membrane proteins are harbored within a non-equilibrium fluid-like environment of biological membranes that separate ...
Li Xin - - 2013
A regioselective [3 + 2] cycloaddition of benzofuranone type active olefins with allenoates catalyzed by trivalent phosphines has been developed, which provided an easy access to enriched functionalized spirocyclic benzofuranones. The reactions accommodated a number of benzofuranone type electron-deficient olefins and allenoates to give the desired 3-spirocyclopentane benzofuran-2-ones or 2-spirocyclopentane ...
Barbosa Carolina da Silva - - 2013
A total of 73 ethanol extracts from different anatomical parts of 44 plant species belonging to 24 families, native to the Mid-Western region of Brazil, were assessed in vitro for their effect on the reproductive cycle of engorged females of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, using the adult immersion ...
Raune David - - 2013
AIM: A modular symptom-specific (MSS) programme of early intervention group cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis might confer additional therapeutic benefits and clinical and financial efficiency, but the approach is empirically untested. Therefore, we devised a novel MSS programme to test - in a culturally diverse 'Real World' early intervention service ...
Son Ji Young - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor-β(1) (TGF-β(1)) is a key cytokine that plays a critical role in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The genotypes of T869C polymorphism may be associated with the susceptibility to fibrotic lung disease. METHODS: We investigated a single-nucleotide polymorphism at exon 1 nucleotide position 29 (T → C) of the TGF-β(1) ...
Alsufyani Noura A - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review studies using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to assess dimensional changes in the upper airway after appliance or surgical therapy in subjects with obstructive sleep apnoea and to correlate CBCT findings with treatment outcome. METHOD: Several electronic databases were searched. Studies ...
Smith Paul - - 2013
While radical nephroureterectomy represents the gold standard for managing upper-tract urothelial carcinoma, nephron-sparing approaches have increasingly been utilized in the elective setting. Such considerations are accentuated by contemporary studies highlighting sequelae related to chronic kidney disease following nephrectomy. Kidney sparing treatments including segmental ureteral resection and endoscopic ablation may therefore ...
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