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Results 301 - 350 of 3451
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O'Flynn S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Several changes to entry and selection to medical school in Ireland were introduced in 2009 including the addition of a specialised admission test the Health Professionals Admissions Test (HPAT-Ireland). AIMS: We wished to determine the impact of each aspect of the reforms by modelling outcomes if old and new ...
Bükki Johannes - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Early integration of palliative care into cancer disease management is beneficial for patients with advanced tumors. However, little is known about the association of palliative care interventions with symptom burden and treatment aggressiveness at the end of life (EoL). METHODS: To assess determinants of symptom burden and treatment intensity ...
Ding Tianjian - - 2013
The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is a glycoprotein anchored by glycosylphosphatidylinositol to the cell surface and is abundantly expressed in the central nervous system. A previous study has shown that PrP(C) contributes to the establishment of infections with intracellular bacteria in macrophages. In the present work, we investigated the role ...
McWalter Kirsty - - 2013
Guam's geographic isolation and lack of community resources have resulted in unique healthcare needs. In 2006, the Western States Genetic Services Collaborative (WSGSC) conducted a genetics needs assessment and found that professional development is limited, families lack access to genetic services, and improved coverage of genetic testing is needed. With ...
Kekuda Ramesh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Short chain fatty acids (SCFA) are absorbed by carrier mediated uptake in the small intestine by pH-dependent SCFA/HCO(3) (-) exchangers on the apical membrane of epithelial cells. Conventional assumption is that MCT1 mediates SCFA/HCO(3) (-) exchange in the intestine. Further, due to the presence of multiple such anion exchangers, ...
Chang Jie - - 2013
The enzyme from halophilic microorganisms often has unique properties such as organic-solvent-tolerance. In this study, a novel organic-solvent-tolerant α-amylase gene was cloned from the mild halophile Exiguobacterium sp. DAU5. The open reading frame (ORF) of the enzyme consisted of 1,545 bp and encoded 514 amino acids, the primary sequence revealed that ...
Ma Erin S F - - 2013
The known green, five-coordinate, square-pyramidal trans-RuCl(2)(P-N)(PPh(3)) complex reversibly binds water, MeOH and EtOH in the vacant coordination site in the solid state and in CH(2)Cl(2) solution to give pink adducts (P-N = o-diphenylphosphino-N,N'-dimethylaniline). The adducts are well characterized, including X-ray analysis of the aqua complex, trans-RuCl(2)(P-N)(PPh(3))(H(2)O), which crystallizes in two ...
Shi Feng - - 2013
A catalytic asymmetric construction of synthetically and biologically important 2,5-dihydropyrrole scaffolds with concomitant creation of multiple chiral carbon centers including one quaternary stereogenic center in high yields (up to 99%) and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 99% ee) has been established via an organocatalytic 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition using α-arylglycine esters as azomethine ...
Calle-Vallejo Federico - - 2013
The current imbalance in the biogeochemical cycle of nitrogen is as serious as that of carbon. One way to mitigate this problem is through the electrochemical reduction of nitrates under mild conditions, which is an appealing though not fully understood process. Therefore, deeper insight into the electrocatalytic reaction mechanism is ...
Scivoletto Giorgio - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To calculate the clinical significance of the SCIM III according to distribution-based approaches. Method: Retrospective review of the charts of 255 patients with registration of the total SCIM and of the four subscales. Clinical significance was calculated per several distribution-based approaches. The calculated clinical significance was compared with ...
Simons Daniel J - - 2013
Those who are less skilled tend to overestimate their abilities more than do those who are more skilled-the so-called Dunning-Kruger effect. Less-skilled performers presumably have less of the knowledge needed to make informed guesses about their relative performance. If so, the Dunning-Kruger effect should vanish when participants do have access ...
Shirali Saeid - - 2013
Adenosine is a regulatory molecule with widespread physiological effects in almost every cells and acts as a potent regulator of cell growth. Adenosine has been shown to inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis in the several cancer cells via caspase activation and Bcl-2/Bax pathway. The present study was designed to ...
Raman Karthik V - - 2013
The use of molecular spin state as a quantum of information for storage, sensing and computing has generated considerable interest in the context of next-generation data storage and communication devices, opening avenues for developing multifunctional molecular spintronics. Such ideas have been researched extensively, using single-molecule magnets and molecules with a ...
Sarakatsianou Chamaidi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is the dominant complaint and the most common cause of delayed discharge after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential of preoperative administration of pregabalin to reduce postoperative pain and opioid consumption. METHODS: Fifty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I and II ...
Honjo Keita - - 2013
SUMMARY Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are a major tool to control malaria. Over recent years increased ITN coverage has been associated with decreased malaria transmission. However, ITN 'misuse' has been increasingly reported and whether this emergent behaviour poses a threat to successful malaria control and elimination is an open question. Here, ...
Ma Guibo - - 2013
The frequent serious bleeding and thrombotic complications in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are major causes of early mortality, but the complex mechanisms causing the bleeding have not been completely elucidated. Because microparticles (MPs) are known to be elevated in thromboembolic disorders, we hypothesized a role for MPs in the pathogenesis ...
Takahashi Yoshiko - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the timing of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in patients with impaired renal function treated with once-daily administration of vancomycin (VCM). Once-daily administration was selected for patients whose creatinine clearance (C(cr)) was <80 ml/min. TDM was conducted on day 3 or on day 4. ...
Cao Tianjie - - 2013
In order to protect users' identity privacy, Chen et al. proposed an efficient dynamic ID-based authentication scheme for telecare medical information systems. However, Chen et al.'s scheme has some weaknesses. In Chen et al.'s scheme, an attacker can track a user by a linkability attack or an off-line identity guessing ...
Park Soomin - - 2013
A brain coral-like supercapacitor electrode containing 3D carbon and metal bicontinuous structures was synthesized by a simple method using agarose gel. This bulk electrode can supply excellent power with ultrahigh-rate capability (∼1000 V s(-1)).
Zhou Xiang - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the protective effects of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) against chronic alcohol intake-induced left ventricular remodeling and explore the potential mechanisms involved. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: alcohol group, NaHS group, alcohol + NaHS group, and control group. The echocardiographic and morphometric studies were performed to ...
Park Jeong Bae - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) play a key role in hypertension therapy. Recently, fimasartan, the ninth ARB, was developed, but its safety and efficacy have not been well established. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether age, sex, concomitant disease, and current antihypertensive medications affect the ...
Walsh T J - - 2013
Peyronie's disease (PD) is caused by progressive fibrotic scarring of the tunica albuginea resulting in curvature or other deformities of the erect penis. The severity of penile curvature or other deformity may contribute to a man's inability to have intercourse (sexual disability), due to difficulty with penetration, partner pain or ...
Tian Wei - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) administered by subarachnoid injection following spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats and to explore the underlying mechanism. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups of 12 as follows: a sham group (laminectomy only); a control group; a 10 mg/kg ...
Charron Cyril - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine the minimum number of supervised transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) that intensivists should perform to reach competence in performing and interpreting a comprehensive hemodynamic assessment in ventilated intensive care unit patients. METHODS: Prospective and multicentric study. Skills of 41 intensivists (trainees) with no (level 0) or little (level 1) ...
Tawfik Hesham - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of an all-oral vinorelbine and capecitabine combination therapy in anthracycline- ± taxane-pretreated HER2/Neu-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC). METHODS: A phase 2 trial including women >18 years with HER2/Neu-negative MBC previously exposed to anthracycline- ± taxane-based chemotherapy in the adjuvant or neoadjuvant setting. Enrolled patients received oral vinorelbine 60 mg/m(2) ...
Jusot Florence - - 2013
The way to treat the correlation between circumstances and effort is a central, yet largely neglected issue in the applied literature on inequality of opportunity. This paper adopts three alternative normative ways of treating this correlation championed by Roemer, Barry and Swift and assesses their empirical relevance using survey data. ...
Finzi Giovanna - - 2013
Mixed pituitary adenoma/craniopharyngiomas are very rare tumors. Their pathogenesis is still unclear and it is not known whether they are collision tumors derived from independent stem cells or whether they originate from a single stem cell undergoing divergent differentiation. The latter hypothesis is supported by the close commixture between the ...
Hou Tie-Ning - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine the relationships between the lingual artery and the lingual markers in tongue resting and extended positions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) for the clinical application of functional tongue surgery. METHOD: Computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the lingual artery was performed on 30 OSAHS patients ...
Chen Hsin-Ni - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation may influence patients' daily activities and social interactions; however, no predictive models of disability could be found for patients with lumbar disc herniation. We aimed to explore predictive factors for disability in patients with lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: The sample included 216 patients recruited from the ...
Guntupalli Saketh R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Uterine carcinosarcoma (CS) is an aggressive malignancy. Increased expression of Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1) protein and estrogen receptor beta (ER-β) protein is associated with worse outcomes in gynecologic cancers; therefore, we sought to assess this association in CS patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for women diagnosed with ...
Sahin Seda - - 2013
AIM: Childhood trauma (CT) is more common in patients with psychosis than in general population and is found to be related to the severity of symptoms. The objective of this study was to investigate the severity of CT, and its relationship with clinical features in two different groups: first-episode schizophrenia ...
Goldberg Stanley I - - 2013
Construction and operation of a laboratory model, which combines the lately discovered enantioenrichment method of the author (2007) with the sun-powered evaporative pumping process of Hsu and Siegenthaler (Sedimentology 12:11-25 1969), is described. The model operated continuously for 120 days before it was intentionally shut down, even though it could have ...
Halls Jonathan E - - 2013
A mathematical model for a photosynthesis-inspired regenerative photogalvanic device, for transient rather than exclusively steady-state conditions, based on molecular electrochemistry rather than electron transfer processes involving semiconductors, is considered within this work and which is adapted from an experimental system previously developed (J. E. Halls and J. D. Wadhawan, Energy ...
Lee Jan Hau - - 2013
PURPOSE: Levels of vasopressin and its precursor copeptin in pediatric sepsis and septic shock are not well defined. The main aim of this study is to compare the serum levels of vasopressin and copeptin in children with septic shock or sepsis and in healthy children. We hypothesized that vasopressin and ...
Rudnick Abraham - - 2013
This article aims to clarify the notion of a psychiatric disability. The article uses conceptual analysis, examining and applying established definitions of (general) disability to psychiatric disabilities. This analysis reveals that disability as inability to perform according to expectations or norms is related to impairment as deviation from the (statistical) ...
Granö Niklas - - 2013
AIM: Schizophrenia is a severe illness associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and there is some evidence that a risk state for psychosis is associated with decreased HRQoL. The aim of the present study was to investigate group differences in HRQoL in help seekers at risk for psychosis ...
Söderberg Karin C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is growing epidemiological evidence that opioids may increase the risk of unintentional injuries and it is plausible that the time of initiation is most critical in that respect. Studies on fall-related injuries remain few, limited and mostly focused on specific groups of elderly patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of ...
Fujiwara-Igarashi Aki - - 2013
The p16, p15 and p14 genes are widely known as tumor suppressor genes in human medicine. Although a large number of genetic and epigenetic aberrations in these genes have been reported in human malignancies, canine malignancies have not been well analyzed on the aberrations of these genes. In this study, ...
Castagnini A C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although transient psychotic disorders are currently classified as a category separate from schizophrenia (SZ) and affective disorders, their distinctive features remain uncertain. This study examines the family psychiatric morbidity of the ICD-10 category of 'acute and transient psychotic disorders' (ATPDs), pointing out differences from SZ and bipolar disorder (BD). ...
Qin Shan-Shan - - 2013
Human secreted phospholipase A2s have been shown to promote inflammation in mammals by catalyzing the first step of the arachidonic acid pathway by breaking down phospholipids, producing fatty acids including arachidonic acid. They bind to the membrane water interface to access their phospholipid substrates from the membrane. Their binding modes ...
Compton Michael T - - 2013
AIM: Heterogeneity of symptoms, course and outcomes in primary psychotic disorders complicates prognosis, treatment and diverse aspects of research. This study aimed to identify interpretable subtypes of first-episode non-affective psychosis based on four early-course features (premorbid academic functioning, premorbid social functioning, duration of the prodrome and age at onset of ...
Karpettas Nikos - - 2013
The prevalence of elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents is more common than previously believed and often represents the early onset of essential hypertension, particularly in adolescents. The definition of hypertension in children is based on distribution criteria and normalcy tables that provide blood pressure percentiles for each measurement ...
Wang Qi - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : Silencing OsMPK3 decreased elicited JA levels, which subsequently reduced levels of herbivore-induced trypsin protease inhibitors (TrypPIs) and improved the performance of SSB larvae, but did not influence BPH. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MPKs) are known to play an important role in plant defense by transferring biotic and abiotic ...
Shi Xingbo - - 2013
Core-shell quantum dots suffer from photobleaching by light at wavelengths longer than their emission wavelengths. That is, QD photobleaching can be triggered by photons with low energies that are insufficient to pump electrons into the conduction band. The most probable reason is that electrons are pumped into a surface state ...
Zhi Yongchao - - 2013
The complete mitochondrial genome of Bryodema luctuosum luctuosum, which was collected from the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau of China, is reported here. It is 15,946 bp in length and contains 74.9% AT. All B. luctuosum luctuosum protein-coding sequences start with a typical ATN codon. The usual termination codon (TAA) and incomplete stop codons ...
Shah Ashish H - - 2013
Differentiating post radiation necrosis from progression of glioma and pseudoprogression poses a diagnostic conundrum for many clinicians. As radiation therapy and temozolomide chemotherapy have become the mainstay of treatment for higher-grade gliomas, radiation necrosis and post treatment changes such as pseudoprogression have become a more relevant clinical problem for neurosurgeons ...
Köckerling F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The Roman nobleman Cornelius Celsus (25 BC-AD 50) wrote a general encyclopedia (De Artibus) dealing with several subjects, among which some had medical content (De Medicina), an eight-volume compendium, including two books about surgery (VII + VIII). It is the most significant medical document following the Hippocratic writings. In ...
Evered A - - 2013
A. Evered, J. Edwards and G. Powell Image analysis of hyperchromatic crowded cell groups in SurePath cervical cytology Objective:  The discrimination of hyperchromatic crowded cell groups (HCCGs) in cervical cytology is a difficult and error-prone interpretive task. While the classic features of dyskaryosis are of undoubted value, the contribution of ...
Yan Shaomin - - 2013
This is the continuation of our studies to use very basic information on enzyme to predict optimal reaction parameters in enzymatic reactions because the gap between available enzyme sequences and their available reaction parameters is widening. In this study, 23 features selected from 540 plus features of individual amino acid ...
Marcus-Braun Naama - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Uterine preservation in patients with uterine prolapse is a common practice in the last decade and the reconstructive pelvic operation can be done either by vaginal, abdominal or laparoscopic approach. In young patients, uterine preservation is a legitimate option and one of the proposed operations is sacro-hystero-pexy. Single Port ...
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