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Results 201 - 250 of 3471
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Conte Michael S - - 2013
Peripheral artery disease is growing in global prevalence and is estimated to afflict between 8 and 12 million Americans. Its most severe form, critical limb ischemia (CLI), is associated with high rates of limb loss, morbidity, and mortality. Revascularization is the cornerstone of limb preservation in CLI, and has traditionally ...
Chakraverty Julian K - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to use CT to determine the presence of radiologic parameters associated with cam and pincer femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in a young population without symptoms. A retrospective review of 50 patients (age range, 20-40 years) with no current or previous hip disorder who underwent CT ...
Hossain Delwar - - 2013
We aimed to ascertain the extent of mental health problems in rural communities of southwest Queensland. Twelve workshops were conducted within this region, asking community members about the issues which were affecting their mental health, the gaps in services and facilities, and suggestions as to how to strengthen their capacity ...
Veith Frank J - - 2013
The results of good randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in leading peer-reviewed journals have been deemed the best possible basis for good medical practice. However, several limitations may decrease their value. These include flaws and weaknesses in the design and the timeliness of RCTs. Progress in a treatment method or ...
White Stuart F SF - - 2013
The current study examined whether Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits, a core component of psychopathy, modulate neural responses of participants engaged in a social exchange game. In this task, participants were offered an allocation of money and then given the chance to punish the offerer. Twenty youth participated and responses to both ...
Sahani Dushyant V - - 2013
The purpose of this review is to outline the management guidelines for the care of patients with cystic pancreatic lesions. The guidelines are as follows: Annual imaging surveillance is generally sufficient for benign serous cystadenomas smaller than 4 cm and for asymptomatic lesions. Asymptomatic thin-walled unilocular cystic lesions smaller than ...
Ramos José M - - 2013
Human infection with Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae was initially reported in 1996, and reports of a total of 18 cases have been published. We describe 6 additional cases that occurred in the Mediterranean coast region of Spain during 2007-2011. Clinicians should consider this infection in patients who have traveled to this ...
Murphy Lyn Stankiewicz - - 2013
In this department, Drs Murphy, Wilson, and Newhouse highlight hot topics in nursing outcomes, research, and evidence-based practice relevant to the nurse administrator. The goal is to discuss the practical implications for nurse leaders in diverse healthcare settings. Content includes evidence-based projects and decision making, locating measurement tools for quality ...
Sen Indrani - - 2013
Aortoiliac arterial occlusive (AIOD) disease is common in India. The clinical presentation and etiology are different than in the West. Intervention is frequently required for advanced lower extremity ischemia, but the results have not been systemically evaluated. We studied the clinical profile and midterm results of patients undergoing aortobifemoral bypass ...
Lobbestael Jill - - 2013
Reactive aggression (RA) refers to angry responses to provocation or frustration, while proactive aggression (PA) denotes nonemotional, instrumental, and unprovoked aggression. The current study examined personality-related and cognitive correlates of both aggressive types. Respectively, the predictive values of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), and of hostile interpretation bias, which is the ...
Plesa Calin C Department of Bionanoscience, Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft, The - - 2013
Measurements on protein translocation through solid-state nanopores reveal anomalous (non-Smoluchowski) transport behavior, as evidenced by extremely low detected event rates; that is, the capture rates are orders of magnitude smaller than what is theoretically expected. Systematic experimental measurements of the event rate dependence on the diffusion constant are performed by ...
Ramamurthy Vaidhyanathan - - 2013
Nicholas J. Turro, who was a pioneer of supramolecular photochemistry and spin chemistry, died in November 2012. His research interests ranged from synthetic organic chemistry, colloidal and interface chemistry, chemical physics, magnetic resonance theory, and reaction mechanisms, to materials and biological chemistry.
Schmid M P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Grey zones, which are defined as tissue with intermediate signal intensity in the area of primary hyperintense tumour extension, can be seen during radiation with or without chemotherapy on the T2-weighted MRI in patients with cervical cancer. The purpose of this study was to systematically measure the tumour volume at ...
Erker C G - - 2013
In the medical treatment of children drugs are frequently used outside the boundaries of the approved licensing and use under the terms of off-label use is possible. However, this requires critical reasoning and experience with the drug involved. With help of a traffic light colored spreadsheet this article illustrates the ...
Morris Bronwyn A - - 2013
This study explored the role of religious (RWB) and existential well-being (EWB) on psychosocial factors, support network characteristics, and screening practices in families with Lynch syndrome, also referred to as hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC). Participants were individuals with Lynch syndrome associated cancers and their first-degree relatives at risk of ...
Kees M G - - 2013
Antibiotics are used very frequently in critically ill patients as a causal and often life-saving treatment; however, the high density of use of broad spectrum antibiotics contributes to a further deterioration in resistance trends, which makes a rational prescription behavior mandatory. This particularly includes measures which lead to the reduction ...
Worm M - - 2013
Anaphylaxis is the most severe manifestation of a mast cell dependent hypersensitivity reaction. Recent data on epidemiology indicate that food and drug induced anaphylaxis has increased within the last years. The epidemiological data on anaphylaxis vary throughout the world as the overall incidence and also relevant elicitors depend on different ...
- - 2013
Buprenorphine (Subutex) and buprenorphine/naloxone (Suboxone) received Food and Drug Administration approval in 2002 for the treatment of opioid dependence. Introduction of these drugs expanded the availability of opioid-dependence treatment options to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with opioid abuse, and buprenorphine has become an increasingly prescribed component of office-based ...
- - 2013
Noroviruses are the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis, including foodborne outbreaks, in the United States. Hospitalization and mortality associated with norovirus infection occur most frequently among elderly persons, young children, and immunocompromised patients. Noroviruses belong to the family Caliciviridae and can be grouped into five genogroups (GI through GV), which ...
Heidenblut S - - 2013
The purpose of the PURFAM ("potentials and risk factors of family caregiving for older people") project is to support staff members of home care services in preventing elder abuse by facilitating an assessment instrument for early recognition and a standard for action. During a pilot phase of the project nursing ...
- - 2013
Known pathogens cause an estimated 9.4 million foodborne illnesses annually in the United States. CDC collects data on foodborne disease outbreaks submitted by all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico through CDC's Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System. Data reported for each outbreak include the number of illnesses, hospitalizations, ...
Plicht B - - 2013
Real-time 3D echocardiography is one of the most important developments in the field of non-invasive cardiac imaging within the last years. To investigate whether this new technology can be considered as a standard method the current guidelines and recommendations were reviewed. In the field of left ventricular function assessment, evaluation ...
Michelitsch C - - 2013
In recent years a trend has evolved from unidirectional to multidirectional locking plates. Different technical solutions have been developed and the quality of the angle stability of all methods has been described as sufficient. Published trials describing the necessary shearing forces are rarely published. We report two cases with loss ...
- - 2013
Immunization information systems (IIS) are confidential, computerized, population-based systems that collect and consolidate vaccination data from vaccination providers and provide important tools for designing and sustaining effective immunization strategies. A Healthy People 2020 objective (IID-18) is to increase to 95% the proportion of children aged <6 years whose immunization records ...
Duprez Christelle - - 2013
This study aimed to 1) compare the cancer screening practices of unaffected noncarrier women under 40 and those aged 40 to 49, following the age-based medical screening guidelines, and 2) consider the way the patients justified their practices of screening or over-screening. For this study, 131 unaffected noncarriers-77 women under ...
Rapp M A - - 2013
With age, increasing biological constraints on functioning are often aggravated by increases in multimorbidity. These effects, however, not only have an impact on somatic, but also psychological processes. In geriatric depression, for instance, there are both effects of recurrent depressive episodes on the neurobiology of the disorder as well as ...
- - 2013
At its October 2012 meeting, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) voted to recommend vaccination against meningococcal serogroups C and Y for children aged 6 weeks through 18 months at increased risk for meningococcal disease. Meningococcal groups C and Y and Haemophilus b tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (Hib-MenCY-TT [MenHibrix, ...
Wächtler C - - 2013
Depression in old age is common and also dangerous due to somatic comorbidity and suicide; however, it is often not recognized and not adequately treated. Psychotherapy is almost never offered to the elderly. However, clinical experience, single-case studies and some controlled trials show effectiveness-at least to the age of 75. ...
Thun Michael J - - 2013
The disease risks from cigarette smoking increased in the United States over most of the 20th century, first among male smokers and later among female smokers. Whether these risks have continued to increase during the past 20 years is unclear. We measured temporal trends in mortality across three time periods ...
Zhao Garida - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the radiological factors that correlated with progression of collapse and joint space narrowing after transtrochanteric posterior rotational osteotomy (PRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. METHODS: This study reviewed 51 hips in 47 patients with a mean follow-up of 11 years (5-20). The subjects included 29 males ...
Duguez Stephanie - - 2013
Duchenne muscular dystrophy results from loss of the protein dystrophin, which links the intracellular cytoskeletal network with the extracellular matrix, but deficiency in this function does not fully explain the onset or progression of the disease. While some intracellular events involved in the degeneration of dystrophin-deficient muscle fibers have been ...
Valenzuela Cristian D - - 2013
Since bone repair and regeneration depend on vasculogenesis and osteogenesis, both of these processes are essential for successful vascularized bone engineering. Using adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), we investigated temporal gene expression profiles, as well as bone nodule and endothelial tubule formation capacities, during osteogenic and vasculogenic ASC lineage commitment. Osteoprogenitor-enriched ...
O'Brien Mary Ann - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the perceptions of women with early stage breast cancer regarding their involvement in treatment decision making (TDM). METHODS: Eligible women with early stage breast cancer were recruited immediately after their first consultation with a specialist. Semistructured personal interviews were held prior to treatment. Interviews ...
Guo Xianjun - - 2013
Oxidative stress has been implicated in pathophysiology of many neurodegenerative diseases (ND) and increased oxidative stress is closely associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. As a result, looking for potent antioxidants, especially those targeting mitochondria, has become an attractive strategy in ND therapy. In this study, we explored protective effects and potential ...
Mueller-Langer Frank - - 2013
Infectious diseases are among the main causes of death and disability in developing countries, and they are a major reason for the health disparity between rich and poor countries. One of the reasons for this public health tragedy is a lack of lifesaving essential medicines, which either do not exist ...
Zhang Jianyuan - - 2013
Although not found in empty-cage fullerenes, the fused pentagon motifs (pentalenes) are allowed in endohedral metallofullerenes (EMFs). We have found that members of the trimetallic nitride template (TNT) EMF Y3N@C2n (n=39-44) family that contain pentalene motifs exhibit significant dipole moments. This finding is predicted to be significant for other EMFs ...
Castagnini A C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although transient psychotic disorders are currently classified as a category separate from schizophrenia (SZ) and affective disorders, their distinctive features remain uncertain. This study examines the family psychiatric morbidity of the ICD-10 category of 'acute and transient psychotic disorders' (ATPDs), pointing out differences from SZ and bipolar disorder (BD). ...
Qin Shan-Shan - - 2013
Human secreted phospholipase A2s have been shown to promote inflammation in mammals by catalyzing the first step of the arachidonic acid pathway by breaking down phospholipids, producing fatty acids including arachidonic acid. They bind to the membrane water interface to access their phospholipid substrates from the membrane. Their binding modes ...
Compton Michael T - - 2013
AIM: Heterogeneity of symptoms, course and outcomes in primary psychotic disorders complicates prognosis, treatment and diverse aspects of research. This study aimed to identify interpretable subtypes of first-episode non-affective psychosis based on four early-course features (premorbid academic functioning, premorbid social functioning, duration of the prodrome and age at onset of ...
Karpettas Nikos - - 2013
The prevalence of elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents is more common than previously believed and often represents the early onset of essential hypertension, particularly in adolescents. The definition of hypertension in children is based on distribution criteria and normalcy tables that provide blood pressure percentiles for each measurement ...
Wang Qi - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : Silencing OsMPK3 decreased elicited JA levels, which subsequently reduced levels of herbivore-induced trypsin protease inhibitors (TrypPIs) and improved the performance of SSB larvae, but did not influence BPH. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MPKs) are known to play an important role in plant defense by transferring biotic and abiotic ...
Shi Xingbo - - 2013
Core-shell quantum dots suffer from photobleaching by light at wavelengths longer than their emission wavelengths. That is, QD photobleaching can be triggered by photons with low energies that are insufficient to pump electrons into the conduction band. The most probable reason is that electrons are pumped into a surface state ...
Zhi Yongchao - - 2013
The complete mitochondrial genome of Bryodema luctuosum luctuosum, which was collected from the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau of China, is reported here. It is 15,946 bp in length and contains 74.9% AT. All B. luctuosum luctuosum protein-coding sequences start with a typical ATN codon. The usual termination codon (TAA) and incomplete stop codons ...
Shah Ashish H - - 2013
Differentiating post radiation necrosis from progression of glioma and pseudoprogression poses a diagnostic conundrum for many clinicians. As radiation therapy and temozolomide chemotherapy have become the mainstay of treatment for higher-grade gliomas, radiation necrosis and post treatment changes such as pseudoprogression have become a more relevant clinical problem for neurosurgeons ...
Köckerling F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The Roman nobleman Cornelius Celsus (25 BC-AD 50) wrote a general encyclopedia (De Artibus) dealing with several subjects, among which some had medical content (De Medicina), an eight-volume compendium, including two books about surgery (VII + VIII). It is the most significant medical document following the Hippocratic writings. In ...
Evered A - - 2013
A. Evered, J. Edwards and G. Powell Image analysis of hyperchromatic crowded cell groups in SurePath cervical cytology Objective:  The discrimination of hyperchromatic crowded cell groups (HCCGs) in cervical cytology is a difficult and error-prone interpretive task. While the classic features of dyskaryosis are of undoubted value, the contribution of ...
Raman Karthik V - - 2013
The use of molecular spin state as a quantum of information for storage, sensing and computing has generated considerable interest in the context of next-generation data storage and communication devices, opening avenues for developing multifunctional molecular spintronics. Such ideas have been researched extensively, using single-molecule magnets and molecules with a ...
Sarakatsianou Chamaidi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is the dominant complaint and the most common cause of delayed discharge after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential of preoperative administration of pregabalin to reduce postoperative pain and opioid consumption. METHODS: Fifty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I and II ...
Zhuang Jianqin J Center for Drug Discovery, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
It has been reported that the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) binds to a class of fatty acid-binding proteins and serum albumin which can serve as carrier proteins and potentiate the cellular uptake of AEA and its intracellular translocation. Here, we employed (19)F nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to study the interactions of ...
Honjo Keita - - 2013
SUMMARY Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are a major tool to control malaria. Over recent years increased ITN coverage has been associated with decreased malaria transmission. However, ITN 'misuse' has been increasingly reported and whether this emergent behaviour poses a threat to successful malaria control and elimination is an open question. Here, ...
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