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Results 201 - 250 of 3451
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- - 2013
Buprenorphine (Subutex) and buprenorphine/naloxone (Suboxone) received Food and Drug Administration approval in 2002 for the treatment of opioid dependence. Introduction of these drugs expanded the availability of opioid-dependence treatment options to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with opioid abuse, and buprenorphine has become an increasingly prescribed component of office-based ...
Rapp M A - - 2013
With age, increasing biological constraints on functioning are often aggravated by increases in multimorbidity. These effects, however, not only have an impact on somatic, but also psychological processes. In geriatric depression, for instance, there are both effects of recurrent depressive episodes on the neurobiology of the disorder as well as ...
- - 2013
At its October 2012 meeting, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) voted to recommend vaccination against meningococcal serogroups C and Y for children aged 6 weeks through 18 months at increased risk for meningococcal disease. Meningococcal groups C and Y and Haemophilus b tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (Hib-MenCY-TT [MenHibrix, ...
Schmid M P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Grey zones, which are defined as tissue with intermediate signal intensity in the area of primary hyperintense tumour extension, can be seen during radiation with or without chemotherapy on the T2-weighted MRI in patients with cervical cancer. The purpose of this study was to systematically measure the tumour volume at ...
Erker C G - - 2013
In the medical treatment of children drugs are frequently used outside the boundaries of the approved licensing and use under the terms of off-label use is possible. However, this requires critical reasoning and experience with the drug involved. With help of a traffic light colored spreadsheet this article illustrates the ...
Worm M - - 2013
Anaphylaxis is the most severe manifestation of a mast cell dependent hypersensitivity reaction. Recent data on epidemiology indicate that food and drug induced anaphylaxis has increased within the last years. The epidemiological data on anaphylaxis vary throughout the world as the overall incidence and also relevant elicitors depend on different ...
Plicht B - - 2013
Real-time 3D echocardiography is one of the most important developments in the field of non-invasive cardiac imaging within the last years. To investigate whether this new technology can be considered as a standard method the current guidelines and recommendations were reviewed. In the field of left ventricular function assessment, evaluation ...
Michelitsch C - - 2013
In recent years a trend has evolved from unidirectional to multidirectional locking plates. Different technical solutions have been developed and the quality of the angle stability of all methods has been described as sufficient. Published trials describing the necessary shearing forces are rarely published. We report two cases with loss ...
- - 2013
Noroviruses are the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis, including foodborne outbreaks, in the United States. Hospitalization and mortality associated with norovirus infection occur most frequently among elderly persons, young children, and immunocompromised patients. Noroviruses belong to the family Caliciviridae and can be grouped into five genogroups (GI through GV), which ...
Morris Bronwyn A - - 2013
This study explored the role of religious (RWB) and existential well-being (EWB) on psychosocial factors, support network characteristics, and screening practices in families with Lynch syndrome, also referred to as hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC). Participants were individuals with Lynch syndrome associated cancers and their first-degree relatives at risk of ...
- - 2013
Known pathogens cause an estimated 9.4 million foodborne illnesses annually in the United States. CDC collects data on foodborne disease outbreaks submitted by all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico through CDC's Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System. Data reported for each outbreak include the number of illnesses, hospitalizations, ...
Ban Qiaoying - - 2013
The performance and microbial community characteristics of a laboratory scale anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) with four compartments (C1-C4) treating sugar refinery wastewater were investigated. The COD removal was 94.8 % with a CH(4) yield of 0.21 L g(-1) COD(removed) at total organic loading rate (OLR) of 5.33 kg COD/m(-3) day(-1). Fermentative bacteria were dominant in ...
Tlahuice-Flores Alfredo - - 2013
The study reported herein addressed the structure, adsorption energy and normal modes of zwitterion L-cysteine (Z-cys) adsorbed on the Au(20) cluster by using density functional theory (DFT). It was found that four Z-cys are bound to the Au(20) apexes preferentially through S atoms. Regarding normal modes, after adsorption of four ...
El-Khawand Dominique - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Botulinum toxin has recently been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of urinary incontinence associated with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. However, it has also been used off-label for a multitude of other conditions in the female pelvis, including urological, gynecological, and colorectal. This ...
Chaves Alicia H - - 2013
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) for infants and young children typically requires sedation. General anesthesia with controlled ventilation can eliminate motion artifact with breath-holds during imaging to limit respiratory artifact, but these may lead to atelectasis or other complications. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) provides ventilation with near-constant mean airway pressure ...
Losh Jenna L - - 2013
Ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase (Rubisco) concentrations were quantified as a proportion of total protein in eight species of microalgae. This enzyme has been assumed to be a major fraction of total protein in phytoplankton, as has been demonstrated in plants, potentially constituting a large sink for cellular nitrogen. Representative ...
Moraal Marloes - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This study provides an analysis of bodily experiences of a man with a lower leg amputation who used a virtual rehabilitation program. Method: The study reports data from semi-structured interviews with a 32-year veteran who used a virtual environment during rehabilitation. The interviews were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological ...
Bowe J E - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Glucose plays two distinct roles in regulating insulin secretion from beta cells-an initiatory role, and a permissive role enabling receptor-operated secretagogues to potentiate glucose-induced insulin secretion. The molecular mechanisms underlying the permissive effects of glucose on receptor-operated insulin secretion remain uncertain. We have investigated the role of extracellular signal-regulated ...
Komatsu Makoto - - 2013
A donor-acceptor type organic dye connected with a quinoidal thiophene as a π-conjugated chain, cyano-[5'-(4''-(N,N-dimethylamino)benzylidene)-5H-thiophen-2'-ylidene]acetic acid, was synthesized and applied to dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The absorption band of this quinoidal thiophene dye appeared at longer wavelengths than those of dyes with similar π-conjugation length, indicating the effective π-conjugation through ...
Edwards Chad D - - 2013
Industrial activity over the last two centuries has increased heavy metal contamination worldwide, leading to greater human exposure. Zinc is particularly common in industrial effluents and although an essential nutrient, it is highly toxic at elevated concentrations. Photoautotrophic microbes hold promise for heavy metal bioremediation applications because of their ease ...
Hovnanian Alain - - 2013
Netherton syndrome (NS) is a rare autosomal recessive skin disease with severe skin inflammation and scaling, a specific hair shaft defect and constant allergic manifestations. NS is caused by loss-of-function mutations in SPINK5 (serine protease inhibitor of kazal type 5) encoding LEKTI-1 (lympho-epithelial kazal type related inhibitor type 5) expressed ...
Kang Guozhang - - 2013
The starch-branching enzyme (SBE) catalyzes the formation of branch points by cleaving the α-1,4 linkage in polyglucans and reattaching the chain via an α-1,6 linkage. Three types of SBE isoforms (SBEI, SBEII, and SBEIII) exist in higher plants, with the number of SBE isoforms being species-specific. This study isolated the ...
Kozu Yoshiki - - 2013
A 57-year-old Japanese man presented with massive right pleural effusion, and a huge tumor arising in the pleural cavity was detected by chest computed tomography. A thoracoscopic tumor biopsy revealed that the tumor protruded extensively into the pleural cavity, and its gross appearance was cystic and glossy. Microscopically, the tumor ...
Singh K - - 2013
Therapeutic efficacy of a new 'Indigenous vaccine' prepared from native highly pathogenic 'Indian Bison Type' genotype of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) of goat origin has been evaluated with respect to control of clinical Johne's disease in naturally infected Mehsana breed of goat in North Gujarat. Fifty goats from Sheep ...
Bhola Nitin - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Mandibular fractures are relatively less frequent in children when compared to adults. Pediatric patients present a unique challenge to maxillofacial surgeons in terms of their treatment planning and in their functional needs. We currently describe our experience with lateral compression open cap splint with circummandibular wiring as a treatment ...
Craiem D - - 2013
Aging produces a simultaneous thoracic aorta (TA) enlargement and unfolding. We sought to analyze the impact of hypertension on these geometric changes. Non-contrast computed tomography images were obtained from coronary artery calcium scans, including the entire aortic arch, in 200 normotensive and 200 hypertensive asymptomatic men. An automated algorithm reconstructed ...
Santjohanser Claudia - - 2013
In 1-5 % of patients during childbearing years recurrent miscarriages (RM) occur. There are established risk factors like anatomical, endocrine and hemostatic disorders as well as immunological changes in the maternal immune system. Nevertheless, further elucidation of the pathogenesis remains a matter of debate. In addition, there are no standardized immunological ...
Sgourakis George - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the most cost-effective treatment strategy using preperitoneal mesh for patients with recurrent inguinal hernia. Currently, the issue of cost-effectiveness is entirely unresolved. METHODS: A decision analysis was carried out based on the results of a systematic literature review of articles concerning ...
Neven An - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) experience several physical and cognitive problems which can influence their travel behaviour. This study aimed to document the number of activities, the activity type and the transport mode of the related trips that are daily made by PwMS. Their outdoor activity and travel ...
Tritschler P - - 2013
We present the case of a 70-year-old patient presented to our institution for paresthesia of the right hemiface associated with dysarthria in aggravation since 1 year. He was diagnosed with right trigeminal melanoma metastasis. This case is characterized by a thickening of the right trigeminal nerve from his cisternal segment ...
Marwaha Steven - - 2013
PURPOSE: There is weak and inconsistent evidence that mood instability (MI) is associated with depression, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicidality although the basis of this is unclear. Our objectives were first to test whether there is an association between depression and PTSD, and MI and secondly whether MI ...
Owens Sarah M - - 2013
One prediction of the classic Ohno model of gene duplication predicts that new genes form from the asymmetric functional divergence of a newly arisen, redundant duplicate locus. In order to understand the mechanisms which give rise to functional divergence of newly formed dispersed duplicates, we assessed the expression and molecular ...
Berney C R - - 2013
PURPOSE: Endoscopic repair of inguinal hernia can decrease the incidence of chronic groin pain. Staple mesh fixation is the surgical technique preferentially used but may also cause residual pain. Although a substantial number of specialists advocate no mesh fixations, concerns are that this could lead to an increase in recurrence ...
McMahon Anne - - 2013
Human meibomian gland secretions (meibum) are the major lipid component of the human preocular tear film. The predominant lipid classes found in meibum include waxes (WE), cholesteryl esters (CE), and varying amounts of cholesterol (Chl). The classical sulfo-phospho-vanillin assay (SPVA), adapted for a microplate reader, was used to quantitate lipids ...
Pentz Mary Ann - - 2013
Considered a set of neuro-cognitive skills, executive cognitive function (ECF) may serve to protect children from initiating substance use, although its role relative to other protective influences that parents and physical activity might provide is not known. As part of a large multiple health risk behavior trial for prevention of ...
Firinci Erkan - - 2013
A metal templated synthetic approach gives access to [Cp*Fe(CO)(2){B(NMesCMe)(2)CH}][BAr(f)(4)], and represents the first example of coordinative trapping of the elusive [B(NRCMe)(2)CH] fragment.
Ben Bacha Abir - - 2013
The best known physiologic function of secreted phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) group IIA (sPLA(2)-IIA) is defense against bacterial infection through hydrolytic degradation of bacterial membrane phospholipids. In fact, sPLA(2)-IIA effectively kills Gram-positive bacteria and to a lesser extent Gram-negative bacteria and is considered a major component of the eye's innate immune ...
Rausch Michael Heinrich - - 2013
Mutual diffusivities for binary mixtures of the ionic liquids (ILs) [EMIM][N(CN)(2)] (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanimide), [EMIM][NTf(2)] (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide), and [HMIM][NTf(2)] (1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide) with acetone and ethanol were studied in dependence on composition in the temperature range from 283.15 K to 323.15 K applying dynamic light scattering (DLS). The influence of experimental parameters ...
Willis Eloise A - - 2013
Background: Previous studies have shown that of all the tests requested of hospital laboratories, 2540% are thought to be unnecessary. Our hospital laboratory observed that a significant number of requests from the medical admissions unit (MAU) were probably inappropriate. In an attempt to improve requesting behaviour this observation was investigated ...
Dubois Vincent - - 2013
AIM: Potential differences in psychiatric clinical outcomes and hospitalization rates before and after the initiation of long-acting risperidone among recently and long-term diagnosed schizophrenia patients were studied. METHODS: Data from two observational studies (Trial for the Initiation and Maintenance Of REmission in Schizophrenia with risperidone (TIMORES) and electronic Schizophrenia Treatment ...
Larsson P G - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Enterovirus (e.g. Coxsackie B virus serotypes [CVBs]) infections may be associated with development of type 1 diabetes. Studies conducted in several European countries have, however, shown an inverse correlation between the incidence of type 1 diabetes and the prevalence of enterovirus infections. These findings could in part be explained ...
Götz L-P - - 2013
In the surgical treatment of acetabular fractures via a ventral approach the hip joint is not visible. Hip arthroscopy can be an alternative tool instead of 3-D fluoroscope-based navigation to exclude intra-articular perforation of the screws.
Zhang Yongxian - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Genetic variants of PPP1R3B, a gene encoding a critical protein involved in hepatic glycogen metabolism were recently reported to be associated with plasma levels of lipids and C-reactive protein (CRP) among populations of mostly European descent. This study aimed to examine whether the PPP1R3B variants are associated with plasma ...
Zheng Dao-Qiong - - 2013
An understanding of the genetic basis underlying the phenotypic variations of yeast strains would guide the breeding of this useful microorganism. Here, comparative functional genomics (CFG) of two bioethanol Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains (YJS329 and ZK2) with different stress tolerances and ethanol fermentation performances were performed. Our analysis indicated that different ...
He Jie-Hua - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of light chain 3 (LC3) expression in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and describe the association of LC3 expression with the occurrence of metastasis. LC3 expression in tissue microarray was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 163 patients with TNBC. The prognostic ...
Achary K G - - 2013
SUMMARY Maternal filarial infection influences the risk of acquiring infection and development of immunity in children. Here we have analysed the blood samples of 60 mothers (24 infected and 36 uninfected) and their corresponding cord bloods to assess the impact of maternal infection on the anti-sheath antibodies and cytokine production ...
Veiga Marlei - - 2013
Background: Erythropoietin (EPO) formulations may comprise aluminum (Al) as a contaminant. Due to the toxicity of Al in chronic kidney disease patients, possible sources of Al were investigated. Since EPO formulations are stored in container-closure systems made of glass and rubber, and both contain Al, formulation ingredients may enable its ...
Kimhy David - - 2013
AIM: Reduced cognitive insight has been associated with psychotic symptoms, in particular with the presence of delusions; however, there is little information about whether such reductions are present in at-risk individuals prior to the onset of threshold psychotic symptoms. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional comparison of cognitive insight (as indexed ...
Poulin Robert - - 2013
SUMMARY Aggregated distributions among individual hosts are a defining feature of metazoan parasite populations. Heterogeneity among host individuals in exposure to parasites or in susceptibility to infection is thought to be the main factor generating aggregation, with properties of parasites themselves explaining some of the variability in aggregation levels observed ...
Lima I - - 2013
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by symmetric polyarthritis, rheumatoid factor (RF) positivity, and bone erosions. Recently, research has been conducted on anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPAs) to which there are greater sensitivity and specificity than RF. However, these antibodies have also been described in infectious diseases, particularly tuberculosis ...
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