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Results 551 - 600 of 3471
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Rios Daniel - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantitatively measure the morphology of the glenoid and to assess feasibility of using the medial tibial plateau surface as a donor for osteoarticular allograft reconstruction of the glenoid. METHODS: Using computed tomography (CT), 10 tibias and 10 scapular models from our database ...
Passalent Laura - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To illustrate the application of geographic information systems (GIS) as a tool to assess rehabilitation service delivery by presenting results from research recently conducted to assess demand and provision for community rehabilitation service delivery in Ontario, Canada. Methods: Secondary analysis of data obtained from existing sources was used ...
Hutchison Keith A - - 2013
Speeded naming and lexical decision data for 1,661 target words following related and unrelated primes were collected from 768 subjects across four different universities. These behavioral measures have been integrated with demographic information for each subject and descriptive characteristics for every item. Subjects also completed portions of the Woodcock-Johnson reading ...
Emami Sanaz - - 2013
One of the biggest challenges in solid-state NMR studies of membrane proteins is to obtain a homogeneous natively folded sample giving high spectral resolution sufficient for structural studies. Eukaryotic membrane proteins are especially difficult and expensive targets in this respect. Methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris is a reliable producer of eukaryotic ...
Ganji Masoud Darvish - - 2013
The interaction between oxazepam and C(60) fullerene was explored using first-principles vdW-DF calculations. It was found that oxazepam binds weakly to the fullerene cage via its carbonyl group. The binding of oxazepam to C(60) is affected drastically by nonlocal dispersion interactions, while vdW forces affect the corresponding geometries only a ...
Shtein Liza - - 2013
RATIONALE: Lithium has been a standard pharmacological treatment for bipolar disorder over the last 60 years; however, the molecular targets through which lithium exerts its therapeutic effects are still not defined. Attenuation of the phosphatidylinositol signal transduction pathway as a consequence of inhibition of inositol monophosphatase (IMPase) has been proposed as ...
Yi Nam-Joon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Currently, no treatment guidelines are available for posttransplant hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence. We retrospectively evaluated the rate of clearance of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) from serum according to various treatment regimens in two large Korean liver transplantation centers. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2008, HBV recurred in 59 ...
Becchere M P - - 2013
The use of Macrolane™ seems to have several advantages compared to the other standard methods for breast augmentation: it is faster, less invasive, and requires only local anesthesia. Nevertheless, various complications associated with the use of Macrolane™ have been described, e.g., encapsulated lumps in breast tissue, infection, and parenchymal fibrosis. ...
Rogić Maja - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to provide normative data for the Croatian language using 346 visually presented objects (Cycowicz, Friedman, Rothstein, & Snodgrass Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 65:171-237, 1997; Roach, Schwartz, Martin, Grewal, & Brecher Clinical Aphasiology 24:121-133, 1996; Snodgrass & Vanderwart Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human ...
Hedrick Philip W - - 2013
Summary With many molecular markers in many species, research efforts in quantitative genetics have focused on dissecting these traits and understanding the importance of factors such as correlated response due to hitchhiking or pleiotropy. Here, in an examination of long-term selection experiments in mice, the evidence strongly supports the primary ...
Bartram Malte P - - 2013
MicroRNAs have emerged as essential regulators of gene expression and may play important roles in a variety of human disorders. To understand the role of microRNA-mediated gene regulation in the kidney, we deleted the microRNA-processing enzyme Dicer in developing renal tubules and parts of the ureteric bud in mice. Genetic ...
Cao Nian - - 2013
Myelination by oligodendrocytes facilitates rapid nerve conduction. Loss of oligodendrocytes and failure of myelination lead to nerve degeneration and numerous demyelinating white matter diseases. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, which are key regulators on neuron survival and functions, have been recently identified to express in oligodendrocytes, especially in the myelin sheath. NMDA ...
Owen Shawn C - - 2013
Hydrogels are used to create three-dimensional microenvironments with properties that direct cell function. The current study demonstrates the versatility of hyaluronic acid (HA) based hydrogels with independent control over hydrogel properties such as mechanics, architecture, and spatial distribution of biological factors. Hydrogels were prepared by reacting furan-modified HA with bis-maleimide-poly(ethylene ...
Pierides Chrysoulla - - 2013
Peptides derived from apolipoprotein B (apoB)-100 have been previously used in vaccine preparations to treat atherosclerosis. Such vaccines have been shown to reduce atherosclerotic plaque development by 50 % in experimental animals, and this effect is associated with induction of T helper (Th)2 immune responses. In this study we immunised apolipoprotein ...
Aguayo Víctor M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To document the scale-up of India's Adolescent Girls' Anaemia Control Programme following a knowledge-centred framework for scaling up nutrition interventions and to identify the critical elements of and lessons learned from a decade of programme experience for the control of anaemia in adolescent girls. DESIGN: We reviewed all articles, ...
Ilyas Aamir - - 2013
The dielectric procperties of MSWI bottom ash as a function of volumetric water content (VWC) are reported in this paper. The objective was to aid the development of microwave based non-invasive emission monitoring and control system for various bottom ash applications. The dielectric measurements were made, on a 1.5-year-old bottom ...
Dribe Martin - - 2013
Several studies have shown strong educational homogamy in most Western societies, although the trends over time differ across countries. In this article, we study the connection between educational assortative mating and gender-specific earnings in a sample containing the entire Swedish population born 1960-1974; we follow this sample from 1990 to ...
Mitroulis Ioannis - - 2013
Gout is a prototype crystal-induced inflammatory disorder, characterized by neutrophil infiltration into inflamed joints. The identification of the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in the recognition of monosodium urate crystals and the subsequent release of IL-1β was a milestone in the elucidation of the pathogenesis of this disorder. IL-1β signaling is ...
Crist Henry S - - 2013
Background: In some patients papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) lymph node metastases are noted to be black (dark) in color at the time of surgical removal. The goal of this project was to determine histological, genetic and clinical features that are associated with regional black PTC metastasis. Methods: 15 patients with ...
Zetterqvist Maria - - 2013
Previous prevalence rates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents have varied considerably. In the present cross-sectional study, prevalence rates, characteristics and functions of NSSI were assessed in a large randomized community sample consisting of 3,060 (50.5 % female) Swedish adolescents aged 15-17 years. The suggested criteria for NSSI disorder in the Diagnostic ...
Ferguson Christopher J - - 2013
The degree to which media contributes to body dissatisfaction, life satisfaction and eating disorder symptoms in teenage girls continues to be debated. The current study examines television, social media and peer competition influences on body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms and life satisfaction in a sample of 237 mostly Hispanic girls. ...
Cooper Michol A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of histopathologic features of chronic pancreatitis and pain relief after the Frey procedure. DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed 35 patients who underwent the Frey procedure for chronic pancreatitis over a 5-year period (November 2005 to February 2011). SETTING: Thirty-five patients ...
Zhang Jun - - 2013
Optical irradiation accompanied by spontaneous anti-Stokes emission can lead to cooling of matter, in a phenomenon known as laser cooling, or optical refrigeration, which was proposed by Pringsheim in 1929. In gaseous matter, an extremely low temperature can be obtained in diluted atomic gases by Doppler cooling, and laser cooling ...
Tanaka Yuji - - 2013
Gastrointestinal symptoms are frequent complaints in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MyD1) and may be associated with reduced gastrointestinal motility caused by smooth muscle dysfunction. Although previous studies have found delayed gastric emptying (GE) in MyD1 patients, the relationship between GE and symptoms has been unclear. We investigated GE ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2013
A previous meta-analysis of six randomized head-to-head trials suggests that the blood pressure (BP)-lowering capabilities of telmisartan may be comparable to those of valsartan. We performed an updated meta-analysis of telmisartan vs. valsartan therapy for the reduction of BP in hypertensive patients. MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of ...
Pees Christiane - - 2013
The aortic velocity time integral (VTI) is an echocardiographic tool used to estimate cardiac output (CO) by multiplying it with the aortic valve (AV) area and heart rate (HR). Inaccurate measurement of AV diameter will lead to squared miscalculation of CO. The aortic VTI itself can serve as a left-ventricular ...
Lopes V S VS Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurobiology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2013
Usher 1 patients are born profoundly deaf and then develop retinal degeneration. Thus they are readily identified before the onset of retinal degeneration, making gene therapy a viable strategy to prevent their blindness. Here, we have investigated the use of adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) for the delivery of the Usher 1B ...
Kim Y G - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this work was to compare the glucose-lowering efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors between Asian and non-Asian patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, CENTRAL, ClinicalTrials.gov and conference proceedings. Studies were eligible if they were randomised controlled trials with a treatment duration ...
Watanabe Tsubasa - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Technetium-99m sestamibi ((99m)Tc-MIBI) scintigraphy has been reported to be a functional imaging tool for in vivo detection of mitochondrial dysfunction in myocardium and multidrug resistance-associated protein expression in tumors. The purpose of this study was to propose a clinically applicable pharmacokinetic model with metabolic equilibrium of (99m)Tc-MIBI and to ...
Dawkins Lynne - - 2013
RATIONALE: It is well established that nicotine improves, and deprivation impairs, cognitive performance and mood in smokers. Prospective memory (PM), remembering to execute a delayed intention at a given time point, is under-explored in smokers. Whilst a handful of studies have shown improved PM with nicotine, the effects of nicotine ...
Thyssen Jacob P - - 2013
Background. Although heterozygous filaggrin gene (FLG) mutation carriers seem to have an increased risk of atopic, irritant and allergic nickel dermatitis, it remains unclear whether the risk of contact sensitization to allergens other than nickel is also elevated in FLG mutation carriers. Objectives. We hypothesized that heterozygous FLG mutation carriers ...
Yarus Michael - - 2013
Oligoribonucleotides are potentially capable of Darwinian evolution - they may replicate and can express an independent chemical phenotype, as embodied in modern enzymatic cofactors. Using quantitative chemical kinetics on a sporadically fed ribonucleotide pool, unreliable supplies of unstable activated ribonucleotides A and B at low concentrations recurrently yield a replicating ...
Dellamonica J - - 2013
RATIONALE: Lung volume available for ventilation is markedly decreased during acute respiratory distress syndrome. Body positioning may contribute to increase lung volume and partial verticalization is simple to perform. This study evaluated whether verticalization had parallel effects on oxygenation and end expiratory lung volume (EELV). METHODS: Prospective multicenter study in ...
Vega-Almeida Tania Olivia - - 2013
Dengue virus (DENV) is the causative agent of the most important mosquito-borne viral disease, which is endemic to over 100 countries in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. The first step in the viral infection of host cells is virion attachment ...
Tauber Sarah K - - 2013
The Nelson and Narens (Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 19:338-368, 1980) general knowledge norms have been valuable to researchers in many fields. However, much has changed over the 32 years since the 1980 norms. For example, in 1980, most people knew the answer to the question "What is the ...
Lawrence Rachael - - 2013
Laryngomalacia describes the inward collapse of supraglottic structures on inspiration. The classic presenting symptom of congenital laryngomalacia is inspiratory stridor which may be intermittent in nature and typically worsens with feeding, crying, supine positioning and agitation [1]. It is the most common cause of stridor in infants and neonates [1]. ...
Peixoto Aldo J - - 2013
Hypertension complicates most cases of chronic kidney disease. While the prevalence and severity of hypertension increase as glomerular filtration rate falls, hypertension is often observed in patients with structural kidney disease while renal function is normal, in particular those with polycystic kidney disease or proteinuric glomerular diseases. On the other ...
Tedmon Lauren - - 2013
Steroid hormones and their metabolites are currently undergoing clinical trials as potential therapeutics for traumatic brain injury (TBI). To support this work, it is necessary to develop improved procedures for differentiating isobaric species in this compound class. Equilin sulfate (E-S), estrone sulfate (E1-S), 17α-dihydroequilin sulfate (ADHE-S), and 17β-dihydroequilin sulfate (BDHE-S) ...
Karmakar C K - - 2013
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is an irreversible condition affecting the autonomic nervous system, which leads to abnormal functioning of the visceral organs and affects critical body functions such as blood pressure, heart rate and kidney filtration. This study presents multi-lag Tone-Entropy (T-E) analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) at multiple ...
Ferraz Eduardo Gomes - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of virtual three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions of human dry mandibles, produced from two segmentation protocols ("outline only" and "all-boundary lines"). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty virtual three-dimensional (3D) images were built from computed tomography exam (CT) of 10 dry mandibles, in ...
Kol Sheli - - 2013
ABSTRACT Several models of language acquisition have emerged in recent years that rely on computational algorithms for simulation and evaluation. Computational models are formal and precise, and can thus provide mathematically well-motivated insights into the process of language acquisition. Such models are amenable to robust computational evaluation, using technology that ...
Duckham R L - - 2013
Evidence of measurement precision, annual changes and monitoring time interval is essential when designing and interpreting longitudinal studies. Despite the precise measures, small annual changes in bone properties led to monitoring time intervals (MTIs) of 2-6 years in peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT)-derived radial and tibial bone area, density, and estimated ...
Chakraborty Chiranjib - - 2013
Cluster of differentiation (CD) is a group of proteins with highly immunological and medical importance, and some are established therapeutics. These membrane proteins are used to investigate of cell surface molecules of blood cells especially WBC. We selected a population of fifteen members with most medical importance, which includes CD2, ...
Anderson Nicola C - - 2013
Recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) has been successfully used for describing dynamic systems that are too complex to be characterized adequately by standard methods in time series analysis. More recently, RQA has been used for analyzing the coordination of gaze patterns between cooperating individuals. Here, we extend RQA to the characterization ...
Pazian Marlon F - - 2013
Some species of the genus Characidium have heteromorphic ZZ/ZW sex chromosomes with a totally heterochromatic W chromosome. Methods for chromosome microdissection associated with chromosome painting have become important tools for cytogenetic studies in Neotropical fish. In Characidium cf. fasciatum, the Z chromosome contains a pericentromeric heterochromatin block, whereas the W ...
Song Kyeongho - - 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to consider the relationship between the ratio of deep tissue including muscle to thigh at donor sites and the possibility of performing primary closure of donor site. Methods: The subjects were 74 patients who had harvesting of anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap from ...
Gao Lianbo - - 2013
Chronic hypoxia has been reported to contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanism of hypoxia in the pathogenesis of AD remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic hypoxia treatment on β-amyloid, tau pathologies, and the behavioral consequences in the ...
Kang Ki Joo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sodium alginate is currently used in medical products, including drugs and cosmetic materials. It can also be used as a submucosal injection material due to its excellent water retention ability. Alginate with a high water retention ability is called alginate hydrogel (AH). The aim of this study was to ...
Takahashi Junichi - - 2013
Pattern redundancy is a key concept for representing the amount of internal mental load (encoding efficiency) needed for pattern perception/recognition. The present study investigated how pattern redundancy influences encoding and memory processes in the visual system using a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) paradigm. With RSVP, it is well known ...
Addington Jean J Department of Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. - - 2013
Several lines of evidence suggest a possible association between a history of trauma in childhood and later psychosis or psychotic-like experiences. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of childhood trauma and bullying in young people at clinical high risk (CHR) of developing psychosis. The sample consisted ...
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