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Ratheesh M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluates the anti-inflammatory effect of the quinoline alkaloid skimmianine (SKM), isolated from Ruta graveolens L., against carrageenan-induced acute inflammation. METHODS: SKM at a dose of 5.0 mg/kg body weight was found to be the minimal concentration for maximal edema inhibition. Carrageenan suspension was administered into the sub-plantar tissue ...
Storti P P Hematology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, Parma, - - 2013
Hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1 (HIF-1α) is overexpressed in multiple myeloma (MM) cells within the hypoxic microenvironment. Herein, we explored the effect of persistent HIF-1α inhibition by a lentivirus short hairpin RNA pool on MM cell growth either in vitro or in vivo and on the transcriptional and pro-angiogenic profiles of MM ...
Yoshida Kenji - - 2013
BACKGROUND: When comparing a single-stroke dissection maneuver among surgeons with differing experience levels, there are major differences in the force applied to the instrument tip. It is difficult to explain to surgeons in training the appropriate force and for the surgeons to ascertain the force intuitively. We quantified the force ...
Horie Masanori - - 2013
Abstract The application of carbon nanotube (CNT) as a functional material to engineering and life sciences is advanced. In order to evaluate the cytotoxicity of CNT in vitro, some chemical and biological reagents are used for dispersants. In the present study, the cellular influences of six kinds of chemical or ...
Wang Xinbo - - 2013
The total length of the Bufo tibetanus mitochondrial genome sequence is 17,405 bp. It consists of 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and 1 displacement loop (D-loop). Except for eight tRNAs and nd6 genes, all other mitochondrial genes are encoded on the heavy strand (H strand). Most of ...
Locurto Charles C Department of Psychology, College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA 01610, USA. - - 2013
Three experiments examined the implicit learning of sequences under conditions in which the elements comprising a sequence were equated in terms of reinforcement probability. In Experiment 1 cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) experienced a five-element sequence displayed serially on a touch screen in which reinforcement probability was equated across elements at ...
Maffiuletti Nicola A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the magnitude and the origin of neuromuscular fatigue induced by half-squat static whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise, and to compare it to a non-WBV condition. Nine healthy volunteers completed two fatiguing protocols (WBV and non-WBV, randomly presented) consisting of five 1-min bouts of ...
Nilsing Emma - - 2013
Purpose The aim of this study was to explore primary healthcare (PHC) professionals' experiences of the sick leave process. Methods This is an explorative study using data from four semi-structured focus group discussions with a purposeful sample of PHC professionals in Östergötland County, Sweden. Content analysis with an inductive approach ...
Hagiwara Keiichi - - 2013
Aquaporins (AQPs), a family of water channel proteins expressed in various cells and tissues, serve as physiological pathways of water and small solute transport. Articular cartilage is avascular tissue with unique biomechanical structure, a major component of which is "water". Our objective is to investigate the immunolocalization and expression pattern ...
Gold Jason S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The benefit of adjuvant treatment in gastric adenocarcinoma was demonstrated by randomized, controlled trials of patients with locally advanced tumors. Thus, its role for stage IIB-IIIC disease is widely accepted. We aimed to identify patients with stage IA-IIA gastric adenocarcinoma who have a poor prognosis and thus may benefit ...
Chen Jia-Yao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing strabismus surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia often experience emergence agitation (EA) and postoperative vomiting (POV). This study compared the effects of intraoperative dexmedetomidine, ketamine, and placebo on postoperative EA and POV. METHODS: Eighty-four children (aged two to seven years) undergoing elective strabismus surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia were randomly ...
Luo Meng-Bo - - 2013
Translocation of a multi-polymer system containing two kinds of polymers, polymer A and polymer B, through an interacting nanopore is studied using dynamic Monte Carlo method. Polymer A and polymer B have different polymer-pore interactions. The probability of one kind of polymer first translocating through a nanopore is dependent on ...
Rolke Bettina - - 2013
The notion of a mental time-line (i.e., past corresponds to left and future corresponds to right) supports the conceptual metaphor view assuming that abstract concepts like "time" are grounded in cognitively more accessible concepts like "space." In five experiments, we further investigated the relationship between temporal and spatial representations and ...
Majumder Shounak - - 2013
Gastroenterologists are expected to play a pivotal role in the management of the global obesity epidemic in coming years as novel endoscopic approaches become more widely available, safe, and effective. This review focuses on the recent advances in the field of endoluminal therapy as a primary approach to obesity management ...
Gustavsson Erik - - 2013
One generally considered plausible way to allocate resources in health care is according to people's needs. In this paper I focus on a somewhat overlooked issue, that is the conceptual structure of health care needs. It is argued that what conceptual understanding of needs one has is decisive in the ...
Okada Muneyoshi - - 2013
Influences of psychotropic drugs, six antipsychotics and three antidepressants, on acetylcholine receptor-operated potassium current (I(K.ACh)) were examined by a whole-cell patch clamp method in freshly isolated guinea-pig atrial myocyte. I(K.ACh) was induced by a superfusion of carbachol (CCh) or by an intracellular application of guanosine 5'-[thio] triphosphate (GTPγS). To elucidate ...
de Girolamo L - - 2013
Low frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) has proven to be effective in the modulation of bone and cartilage tissue functional responsiveness, but its effect on tendon tissue and tendon cells (TCs) is still underinvestigated. PEMF treatment (1.5 mT, 75 Hz) was assessed on primary TCs, harvested from semitendinosus and gracilis tendons ...
Fishbane Steven - - 2013
Peginesatide, a synthetic peptide-based erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA), is a potential therapy for anemia in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. We conducted two randomized, controlled, open-label studies (EMERALD 1 and EMERALD 2) involving patients undergoing hemodialysis. Cardiovascular safety was evaluated by analysis of an adjudicated composite safety end point--death from ...
Ku Min-Chi - - 2013
High-grade gliomas are the most common primary brain tumors. Their malignancy is promoted by the complex crosstalk between different cell types in the central nervous system. Microglia/brain macrophages infiltrate high-grade gliomas and contribute to their progression. To identify factors that mediate the attraction of microglia/macrophages to malignant brain tumors, we ...
Swinnen Inge - - 2013
Background. Reviews on irritant and allergic airborne contact dermatitis have been previously reported in the literature. Materials and methods. Here, we present an update based on recently published airborne-induced skin reactions. For this survey, we screened the journals Contact Dermatitis, Dermatitis, and included relevant articles from other journals during the ...
Gasior Alessandra C - - 2013
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Perforated appendicitis is associated with abscess formation before or after appendectomy. Many abscesses are not amenable to drainage due to size or location. In this study, we compare patients who had a drain placed for an abscess to those who were treated without a drain. METHODS: Data were retrospectively ...
Boosman H - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Identifying learning styles of acquired brain injury (ABI) patients may aid the learning process by tailoring to the patient's learning needs and preferences. Currently, there is no learning style instrument for ABI patients. We therefore determined the validity and feasibility of the Adapted Learning Style Inventory (A-LSI) for ...
Guzik Przemyslaw - - 2013
PURPOSE: Heart rate decelerations and accelerations have unequal input to heart rate variability (HRV) and patterns created by consecutive cardiac cycles-this phenomenon is known as heart rate asymmetry (HRA). The analysis of monotonic runs of heart rate decelerations and accelerations provides a detailed insight into the HRA microstructure and thus ...
Jędrych Marian - - 2013
Cladribine has been used in the treatment of hairy cell leukemia for about 30 years. In addition, the number of indications for the application of 2-CdA is constantly increasing. The treatment with cladribine, of younger persons and even children, appears to be a major factor stimulating the more exact recognition of ...
Lessa Josane A - - 2013
Complexes [Ga(2Ac4pFPh)(2)]NO(3) (1), [Ga(2Ac4pClPh)(2)]NO(3) (2), [Ga(2Ac4pIPh)(2)]NO(3) (3), [Ga(2Ac4pNO(2)Ph)(2)]NO(3)·3H(2)O (4) and [Ga(2Ac4pT)(2)]NO(3) (5) were obtained with 2-acetylpyridine N(4)-para-fluorophenyl-(H2Ac4pFPh), 2-acetylpyridine N(4)-para-chlorophenyl-(H2Ac4pClPh), 2-acetylpyridine N(4)-para-iodophenyl-(H2Ac4pIPh), 2-acetylpyridine N(4)-para-nitrophenyl-(H2Ac4pNO(2)Ph) and 2-acetylpyridine N(4)-para-tolyl-(H2Ac4pT) thiosemicarbazone. 1-5 presented antimicrobial and cytotoxic properties. Coordination to gallium(III) proved to be an effective strategy for activity improvement against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida ...
Houtzager S - - 2013
The clinical need for characterising small renal masses (SRMs) is increasing due to their rising incidental detection. This increase is especially seen in younger and older generations and concerns mainly SRMs. Diagnostics is mainly made by contrast-enhanced CT or MRI. However, these imaging methods fail to accurately distinguishing benign from ...
Bianco Giuliana - - 2013
We report on the content of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in 15 breast milk samples of nursing women living in the city of Taranto (Southern, Italy) or nearby. Breast milk samples were collected over the 2008-2009 period and analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry ...
Allott Kelly A - - 2013
AIMS: Individual Placement and Support is the most defined and evidence-based approach to supported employment for severe mental illness, including recent-onset psychosis. However, there is limited evidence or detailed guidelines informing the management of mental illness disclosure to educators or employers when delivering Individual Placement and Support. In this paper, ...
Jiang Xiao-Bing - - 2013
Deranged metabolic profiles and insulin resistance (IR) have been documented in patients with prolactinomas. Few data are yet available on the apolipoprotein (apo) B/apoA-I ratio and its relationship with IR in patients with prolactinomas. This study was aimed to evaluate the level of apoB/apoA-I ratio and its association with IR ...
Ludwig Ulla - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Intravascular administration of iodinated contrast media continues to be a common cause of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury. Accumulating evidence suggests that radiocontrast agent-induced nephrotoxicity is associated with increased oxidative stress, which leads to renal tissue damage with DNA fragmentation. We therefore tested whether an iso-osmolar contrast medium (iodixanol) causes ...
Eisen Alon - - 2013
Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a value that is available from standard blood count. Increased MPV is associated with increased platelet reactivity and it has been correlated with adverse cardiac outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, there is limited information about the prognostic value of baseline MPV ...
Arrigoni Elena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In the last few years, several attempts have been made to treat large bone loss, including the use of tissue engineering with osteoinductive scaffolds and cells. This study highlights the role of mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue (ASCs; adipose-derived stem cells) in a rabbit bone regeneration model. METHODS: ...
Mo Xingbo X State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Division of Population Genetics, Fuwai Hospital & National Center of Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2013
Many single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been reported to be associated with lipid concentrations in recent genome-wide association studies. The aim of this study was to validate the associations of rs2197089 in the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene with serum lipid concentrations and gene expression levels in the Chinese Han population and ...
Wester Jason C JC Department of Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
Spike threshold filters incoming inputs and thus gates activity flow through neuronal networks. Threshold is variable, and in many types of neurons there is a relationship between the threshold voltage and the rate of rise of the membrane potential (dVm/dt) leading to the spike. In primary sensory cortex this relationship ...
Bader Mohammad I - - 2013
PURPOSE: Wilms' tumours (WT) with retrohepatic vascular extension traditionally requires cardiac bypass for complete excision. We share our experience of these complex cases. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of children with WT with retrohepatic vascular extension presenting to two UK children's hospitals. Tumour stage, chemotherapy, level of vascular extension, ...
Scott Ian C - - 2013
During aging, there is a decreased ability to maintain skeletal muscle mass and function (sarcopenia). Such changes in skeletal muscle are also co-morbidities of diseases including cancer, congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The loss of muscle mass results in decreased strength and exercise tolerance and reduced ability ...
Shukitt-Hale Barbara - - 2013
The complex mixture of phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables provides protective health benefits, mainly through additive and/or synergistic effects. The presence of several bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols and caffeine, implicates coffee as a potential nutritional therapeutic in aging. Moderate (three to five cups a day) coffee consumption in humans ...
Jiménez-Ruiz Elena - - 2013
SUMMARY The intraspecific diversity of Neospora caninum is a determinant for in vivo parasite virulence and in vitro parasite behaviour. The relationship between isolate virulence and specific antibody responses against key parasite proteins has not been well characterized. The response kinetics and the differences in specific anti-rNcGRA7, -rNcSAG4, -rNcBSR4 and ...
Różański Paweł - - 2013
The aim of the study was a quantitative and qualitative analysis of microflora, presentation of current data about prevalence of the microflora on the skin and mucous membranes, and determination of its possible effect on reproduction of English full blood horses bred in Poland. The material for analyses was sampled ...
Tack Wesley - - 2013
In order to get a better understanding of the importance of vertical forest structure as a component of Ixodes ricinus tick habitat, an experiment was set up in a coniferous forest on sandy soils in northern Belgium. Ticks were sampled in six control and six treatment plots on various sampling ...
Morsy Mohamed D - - 2013
Ischemic-reperfusion procedures targeting a specific organ often results in remote multiple organ injuries mediated possibly by heightened oxidative stress levels. As the kidney is one of the most vulnerable organs for ischemic oxidative stress, the aim of the present study was to confirm the occurrence of renal complication secondary to ...
Yan Shaomin - - 2013
This is the continuation of our studies to use very basic information on enzyme to predict optimal reaction parameters in enzymatic reactions because the gap between available enzyme sequences and their available reaction parameters is widening. In this study, 23 features selected from 540 plus features of individual amino acid ...
Marcus-Braun Naama - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Uterine preservation in patients with uterine prolapse is a common practice in the last decade and the reconstructive pelvic operation can be done either by vaginal, abdominal or laparoscopic approach. In young patients, uterine preservation is a legitimate option and one of the proposed operations is sacro-hystero-pexy. Single Port ...
McCrone Paul - - 2013
AIMS: To develop and populate a plausible model of the impact of early intervention (EI) for children and adolescents with psychosis to estimate potential short-term health-related cost savings compared to generic Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). METHOD: A decision-tree-based model for EI in CAMHS was developed. The model ...
Escobedo Carlos - - 2013
Nanohole array-based biosensors integrated with a microfluidic concentration gradient generator were used for imaging detection and quantification of ovarian cancer markers. Calibration curves based on controlled concentrations of the analyte were created using a microfluidic stepped diffusive mixing scheme. Quantification of samples with unknown concentration of analyte was achieved by ...
Lorenzo C C Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. - - 2013
Markers of liver injury, such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), have been associated with atherogenic lipoprotein changes. We examined the extent to which this association was explained by insulin resistance, adiposity, glucose tolerance and chronic inflammation. In this analysis we included 824 non-diabetic participants (age 40-69 years) in the Insulin Resistance ...
Kawai Hiroyuki - - 2013
A simple strategy avoiding the decomposition of a naked trifluoromethyl anion to difluorocarbene by a sterically very demanding organo-superbase without the help of a trifluoromethyl anion reservoir such as DMF is reported. The direct non-metallic trifluoromethylation of carbonyl compounds using fluoroform in the presence of t-Bu-P4 base afforded trifluoromethyl alcohols ...
Brocklehurst Keith - - 2013
Desquamation or cell shedding in mammalian skin is known to involve serine proteases, aspartic proteases and glycosidases. In addition, evidence continues to accumulate that papain-like cysteine proteases and an inhibitor cystatin M/E largely confined to the cutaneous epithelia also play key roles in the process. This involves the complete proteolysis ...
Garcés Esther E Marine Biology and Oceanography, Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. - - 2013
Parasitoids are a major top-down cause of mortality of coastal harmful algae, but the mechanisms and strategies they have evolved to efficiently infect ephemeral blooms are largely unknown. Here, we show that the generalist dinoflagellate parasitoid Parvilucifera sinerae (Perkinsozoa, Alveolata) is activated from dormancy, not only by Alexandrium minutum cells ...
Carroll Marilyn E ME Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, MMC 392, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2013
In previous studies with male and female rhesus monkeys, withdrawal of access to oral phencyclidine (PCP) self-administration reduced responding for food under a high fixed-ratio (FR) schedule more in males than females, and with a delay discounting (DD) task with saccharin (SACC) as the reinforcer impulsive choice for SACC increased ...
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