Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2583
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Campos M Luisa - - 2013
The PTF1 (pancreas transcription factor 1) complex is a master regulator of differentiation of acinar cells, responsible for the production of digestive enzymes. In the adult pancreas, PTF1 contains two pancreas-restricted transcription factors: Ptf1a and Rbpjl. PTF1 recruits P/CAF [p300/CREB (cAMP-response-element-binding protein)-binding protein-associated factor] which acetylates Ptf1a and enhances its ...
Oglesby-Sherrouse Amanda G AG Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland Baltimore, 20 Penn Street, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2013
For most living organisms, iron is both essential and potentially toxic, making the precise maintenance of iron homeostasis necessary for survival. To manage this paradox, bacteria regulate the acquisition, utilization, and storage of iron in response to its availability. The iron-dependent ferric uptake repressor (Fur) often mediates this iron-responsive regulation ...
Le Jennifer J Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0714, USA. - - 2013
: Our objectives were to (1) determine the pharmacokinetic indices of vancomycin in pediatric patients; and (2) compare attainment of 2 target exposures: area under curve (AUC) / minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ≥400 and trough concentration ≥15 mcg/mL. : The population-based pharmacokinetic modeling was performed using NONMEM 7.2 for children ...
Rochaix Jean-David - - 2013
Photosynthetic organisms are subjected to frequent changes in their environment that include fluctuations in light quality and quantity, temperature, CO(2) concentration, and nutrient availability. They have evolved complex responses to these changes that allow them to protect themselves against photo-oxidative damage and to optimize their growth under these adverse conditions. ...
Lux Andrew L - - 2013
Infantile spasms remain a challenging condition to study and treat, and although they form the commonest epilepsy syndrome with onset in infancy, the challenge is broadened by the wide range of potential underlying causes. The field of study remains dynamic, with debates relating to case definitions and organising structures for ...
Li Ya-Nan - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of allitridin compound on murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV)-induced regulatory T cell (Treg; CD4(+) CD25(+) Foxp3(+) ) amplification in vivo and in vitro. One hundred twenty MCMV-infected mice were allocated at random into two groups for treatment with allitridin or placebo. Another 120 mock-infected mice were randomly ...
Root Kyle S - - 2013
Multiple noise measurements were taken on 6 types of fire station equipment and 15 types of emergency response vehicle-related equipment used by firefighters during routine and emergency operations at 10 fire stations. Five of the six types of fire station equipment, when measured at a distance of one meter and ear ...
Li Lin - - 2013
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection by sexual transmission in Guangxi, China had increased dramatically. However, limited information is available on the genetic characterization of the HIV-1 epidemic. In this study, HIV-1 seropositive drug-naïve patients infected by heterosexual transmission were enrolled. The full length gag and pol genes were ...
Becker Joy A - - 2013
Abstract The ranavirus, epizootic hematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV), is endemic to southern Australia with natural outbreaks resulting in mass mortality events in wild Redfin Perch Perca fluviatilis (also known as Eurasian Perch) and less severe disease in farmed Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. To further investigate the host range for EHNV, ...
Gundogdu Betul M - - 2013
Despite recent advancements in the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD), it remains the commonest cause of death in the world. Although traditional risk factors partially account for the development of CAD, other novel risk factors have recently been implicated. Specifically, chronic inflammation has been postulated to play a role ...
Cho Kyungmin Jacob - - 2013
This study investigated differences in penetration between fibers and spherical particles through faceseal leakage of an N95 filtering facepiece respirator. Three cyclic breathing flows were generated corresponding to mean inspiratory flow rates (MIF) of 15, 30, and 85 L/min. Fibers had a mean diameter of 1 μm and a median length ...
Su Yingying - - 2013
Hemodialysis patients are at risk for hepatitis C and B virus infections. This study investigated the prevalences and risk factors of HCV and HBV infection and the distribution of HCV genotypes among hemodialysis patients and their spouses. From August to November 2011, a cross-sectional study was conducted on 20 hemodialysis ...
Gronquist David - - 2013
Abstract Fishes in aquaria and aquaculture settings may experience a variety of stressors including crowding, different lighting, periods of food deprivation, and vibrations from sources including pumps and tapping of tank sides. The effects of such low-level chronic stress are poorly explored. We used replicate sets of six Zebrafish Danio ...
Shukla Deepti - - 2013
Enteroviruses have been reported in epidemic form during last 10 years in northern India. Environmental surveillance of sewage is the method of choice in limited resources countries for detection of enterovirus serotypes circulating in the community. Twenty-four sewage samples collected between January, 2009 and December, 2010 were tested for enterovirus ...
Cole Peter A - - 2013
Over the past decade, there has been an increased interest in understanding the operative indications and techniques in treating scapular fractures and tracking their outcomes. Multiple studies have documented poor functional outcomes following nonoperative management of displaced scapular fractures. There is a groundswell of recognition that severe deformity from scapular ...
Koolaee Roodabeh Michelle - - 2013
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of circulating autoantibodies against phospholipid-binding plasma proteins, leading to an increased risk of thrombosis and pregnancy loss. The most common manifestation of lung disease in APS is pulmonary embolism, which may often be the presenting symptom. We present a ...
Farrell David J - - 2013
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a chronic, nonfatal illness is commonly encountered in clinical practice; however, treatment options are limited and often ineffectual. Despite this, there is increasing evidence that bacterial overgrowth in the bowel (dysbiosis) may be an etiological factor in IBS. This has lead to studies in which the ...
Zhou Haiyan H Dubowitz Neuromuscular Centre, Institute of Child Health, University College London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
In the search for the most efficacious antisense oligonucleotides (AOs) aimed at inducing SMN2 exon 7 inclusion, we systematically assessed three AOs, PMO25 (-10, -34), PMO18 (-10, -27), and PMO20 (-10, -29), complementary to the SMN2 intron 7 splicing silencer (ISS-N1). PMO25 was the most efficacious in augmenting exon 7 ...
Montanez-Sauri Sara I SI Materials Science Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, - - 2013
During breast carcinoma progression, the three-dimensional (3D) microenvironment is continuously remodeled, and changes in the composition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) occur. High throughput screening platforms have been used to decipher the complexity of the microenvironment and to identify ECM components responsible for cancer progression. However, traditional screening platforms are ...
Porel Mintu M Department of Chemistry, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33146, - - 2013
A new design strategy is described for chloride ion sensors based on suppression of excited state intramolecular proton transfer in squaramides as a fluorescence "turn on" mechanism.
Menard Cedric C SITI Laboratory, Etablissement Français du Sang Bretagne, CHU Rennes, - - 2013
Clinical-grade mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are usually expanded from bone marrow (BMMSCs) or adipose tissue (ADSCs) using processes mainly differing in the use of fetal calf serum (FCS) or human platelet lysate (PL). We aimed to compare immune modulatory properties of clinical-grade MSCs using a combination of fully standardized in ...
Guan Hanfeng - - 2013
Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is caused by translocation of the MYC gene to an immunoglobulin locus resulting in its constitutive expression depending on the activity of the immunoglobulin (Ig) enhancer elements. Treatment of BL cell lines with epigenetic modifiers is known to repress B-cell-specific genes and to up-regulate B-cell-inappropriate genes including ...
Mancuso Matthew M Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, - - 2013
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is an infectious cancer occurring most commonly in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients and in endemic regions, such as Sub-Saharan Africa, where KS is among the top four most prevalent cancers. The cause of KS is the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV, also called HHV-8), an oncogenic ...
Elam W Austin WA T.C. Jenkins Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2013
Intrinsically disordered (ID) proteins function in the absence of a unique stable structure and appear to challenge the classic structure-function paradigm. The extent to which ID proteins take advantage of subtle conformational biases to perform functions, and whether signals for such mechanism can be identified in proteome-wide studies is not ...
Thomas A C - - 2013
I reflect on the statistical methods of the Christakis-Fowler studies on network-based contagion of traits by checking the sensitivity of these kinds of results to various alternate specifications and generative mechanisms. Despite the honest efforts of all involved, I remain pessimistic about establishing whether binary health outcomes or product adoptions ...
Jubran Amal - - 2013
Patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation (>21 days) are commonly weaned at long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHs). The most effective method of weaning such patients has not been investigated. To compare weaning duration with pressure support vs unassisted breathing through a tracheostomy collar in patients transferred to an LTACH for weaning ...
Go Eden P EP Department of Chemistry, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, United - - 2013
Glycosylation plays an essential role in regulating protein function by modulating biological, structural, and therapeutic properties. However, due to its inherent heterogeneity and diversity, the comprehensive analysis of protein glycosylation remains a challenge. As part of our continuing effort in the analysis of glycosylation profiles of recombinant HIV-1 envelope-based immunogens, ...
VanderWeele Tyler J TJ Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, U.S.A. - - 2013
States and behaviors of different individuals are expected to be correlated across a social network. Christakis and Fowler have proposed a 'three degrees of influence rule' to characterize the extent of such dependence. In this paper, we discuss three distinct interpretations of such a rule, one involving only associations (which ...
- - 2013
Many approximate accelerated stochastic simulation methods exist that can provide a means of employing Kinetic Monte Carlo techniques to model chemical kinetics. The drawback in using such methods is that sometimes the population of the reactant species present during the simulations becomes negative, leading to unphysical results. This is due ...
- - 2013
The image shows an isosurface of Hirshfeld-I "atoms in molecules" for Ti-doped CeO(2) , taken at an electron density of 0.03e/A(3) , as presented by Danny E. P. Vanpoucke, Patrick Bultinck, and Isabel Van Driessche on page 405. The cubic Ce(0.75) Ti(0.25) O(2) unit cell is shown along the 111 ...
Prochniewicz Ewa - - 2013
We have used time-resolved phosphorescence anisotropy to investigate the effects of essential light chain (ELC) isoforms (A1 and A2) on the interaction of skeletal muscle myosin with actin, to relate structural dynamics to previously reported functional effects. Actin was labeled with a phosphorescent probe at C374, and the myosin head ...
Tsilidis Konstantinos K KK Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2013
It has been hypothesized that a high intake of dairy protein may increase prostate cancer risk by increasing the production of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been weakly associated with circulating concentrations of IGF-1 and IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), but none of these ...
Dong Zhongqi Z Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Maryland , 20 Penn Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, - - 2013
The hepatic bile acid uptake transporter sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) is less well characterized than its ileal paralog, the apical sodium dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT), in terms of drug inhibition requirements. The objectives of this study were (a) to identify FDA approved drugs that inhibit human NTCP, (b) ...
Light Samuel H SH Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases and Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, - - 2013
Dehydroquinate dehydratase (DHQD) catalyzes the third reaction in the biosynthetic shikimate pathway. Type I DHQDs are members of the greater aldolase superfamily, a group of enzymes that contain an active site lysine that forms a Schiff base intermediate. Three residues (Glu86, His143, and Lys170 in the Salmonella enterica DHQD) have ...
Mowrey David D Department of Anesthesiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, - - 2013
The anesthetic propofol inhibits the currents of the homopentameric ligand-gated ion channel GLIC, yet the crystal structure of GLIC with five propofol molecules bound symmetrically shows an open-channel conformation. To address this dilemma and determine if the symmetry of propofol binding sites affects the channel conformational transition, we performed a ...
Velayutham Kanayairam - - 2013
To investigate the larvicidal activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) utilizing aqueous bark extract of Ficus racemosa (F. racemosa) was tested against fourth instar larvae of filariasis vector, Culex quinquefasciatus (Cx. quinquefasciatus) and japanese encephalitis vectors, Culex gelidus (Cx. gelidus). The synthesized Ag NPs was characterized by UV-vis spectrum, ...
Perfecto Ivette - - 2013
Competition has been recognized as a major organizing process in ant communities, with ant communities frequently forming spatial mosaics of dominant species associated with subdominants. Often, species exhibit tradeoffs in their ability to discover versus dominate resources, suggesting a mechanism for coexistence. Here we describe spatial patterns of dominant ants ...
Burks Charles S - - 2013
The sampling range of pheromone traps for the navel orangeworm Amyelois transitella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and its association with abundance was investigated by examining mutual interference within cross-shaped arrays of nine wing traps baited with virgin females and placed at 400-m intervals in three 256-ha blocks of almonds (Prunus dulcis ...
Warren Jodie-A - - 2013
Experiments were conducted to compare the immature development of Protophormia terraenovae (Robineau-Desvoidy) at fluctuating temperatures of 4-28 and 9-23°C to their mean constant temperature, 16°C. Overall development was fastest at the greater fluctuation and slowest at the constant temperature but showed similar percentages of development time in each stage. The ...
Eltayeb Nagla Mustafa - - 2013
To determine and compare anti-schistosoma IgG, interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interferon-γ(IFN-γ) levels in the serum of patients and endemic controls and to investigate the epidemiological situation of Al-Hebaika village in the northern part of Gezira Agricultural Irrigation Scheme in 2005. During 2005 survey, serum were collected from 118 villagers. Sixty eight ...
Driessen Michael M - - 2013
Understanding seasonal changes in invertebrate populations is important for understanding ecosystem processes and for conservation of invertebrate communities. Few studies have investigated variation in seasonal responses of multiorder and multispecies invertebrate assemblages. To determine whether temporal patterns in invertebrate assemblages and taxa vary between locations and vegetation age since burning, ...
Ren Jin - - 2013
To investigate ultrastructural changes in pulmonary tissue of a rat model of pulmonary fibrosis following treatment with compound Carapax trionycis (C. trionycis; Biejia in Chinese) formula. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n=15): compound C. trionycis formula high-, middle-, and low-dose groups as well as model ...
Aquino Michael - - 2013
Segmental testicular infarction can mimic testicular carcinoma on sonography and can lead to unnecessary orchiectomy. This case series describes and correlates sonographic and histologic findings of 7 pathologically proven segmental testicular infarction cases. Segmental testicular infarction should be suspected on sonography when a geographic lesion with low or mixed echogenicity ...
Fang Lanlan - - 2013
Objectives To investigate whether the endometrial thickness, endometrial volume, and endometrial and subendometrial vascularization index, flow index, and vascularization-flow index were useful for diagnosing endometrial polyps in infertility. Methods Transvaginal and 3-dimesional power Doppler sonography was performed to calculate the endometrial echogenicity, endometrial thickness, endometrial volume, and endometrial and subendometrial ...
Luo Tian-Hong - - 2013
In 2004, Staphylinid beetle (Coleoptera) assemblages were studied via pitfall trapping to examine the effects of reforestation in southwestern China forests. Sites included two 100-yr-old mature forest types (hemlock-spruce forest and birch forest), and three 40-yr-old forest types established after harvesting (spruce plantation, larch plantation, and natural broad-leaved forest). Staphylinid ...
Richards Douglas S - - 2013
Objectives Deviation of the intra-abdominal umbilical vein has been described as a marker of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and has been shown to help identify liver herniation into the fetal chest. The purpose of this study was to quantify the degree of deviation in affected fetuses and to determine the ...
Bettington Mark - - 2013
Approximately 30% of colorectal carcinomas develop via a serrated neoplasia pathway, named for the pattern of crypts in the precursor polyps. Molecular abnormalities consistently involve methylation of CpG islands [CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP)] of low degree (CIMP-L) or high degree (CIMP-H), and activating mutations of the mitogen-activated protein kinase ...
Singla Nidhi - - 2013
Outbreaks of enteric fever are a major health concern not only due to significant human morbidity and mortality but also fear of spread of multidrug resistant strains. We report an outbreak of enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi in a suburban area, in city Chandigarh of North India. ...
Hu Kai - - 2013
A 25,27-bis(l-phenylalaninemethylester-N-carbonylmethoxy)-26,28-dihydroxy- para-tert-butylcalix[4]arene-bonded silica gel stationary phase was synthesized, structurally characterized and used for LC. Its separation mechanism was studied and compared with octadecyl-bonded stationary phase, as well as our previously prepared para-tert-butylcalix[4]arene-1,2-crown-4 stationary phase. Meanwhile, the chromatographic behaviors were investigated by using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, monosubstituted benzenes, anilines, phenols, ...
Ostacher Michael J - - 2013
Ostacher MJ. Raising the bar for the evidence in evidence-based guidelines. Bipolar Disord 2013: 15: 50-53. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >