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Results 351 - 400 of 2592
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Maaskant-Braat Adriana J G - - 2013
Axillary staging in patients with locally recurrent breast cancer is important for obtaining locoregional control and predicting prognosis. The aim of the present study is to determine technical feasibility, validity, aberrant drainage patterns and clinical consequences of performing repeat sentinel node biopsy (SNB) in these patients. We performed a systematic ...
Ráki M - - 2013
Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic small intestinal inflammation precipitated by gluten ingestion. According to case reports, interferon (IFN)-α administration may induce development of overt CD. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) were thought to be the source of IFN-α and promote a T helper type 1 response leading to lesion formation. ...
Peter Kalpak Prafulla - - 2013
Background: Since last few years, association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and periodontal disease has been promulgated. The present study was aimed at determining the association between these two diseases. Methods: This observational study included 500 individuals consisting of 102 patients (case group) having COPD and 399 individuals as ...
Gidhagen Lars - - 2013
Large-scale exposure assessments that include both between- and within-city differences in air pollution levels are lacking. The objective of this study was to model long-term particle exposure for the whole of Sweden, separating long-range transport from local sources, which were further separated into combustion and road dust. Annual regional, urban ...
Amiel Aliza - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Senescence has been described as a stable cell proliferation arrest resulting from the progression of primary human fibroblasts through a finite number of population doublings in vitro. Accelerated telomere shortening was observed in pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), in placentas of diabetic mothers, and trisomy 21 ...
Ozer Ayse B - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to determine the effects of anesthetic technique and ambient temperature on thermoregulation for patients undergoing lower extremity surgery. METHODS: Our study included 90 male patients aged 18-60 years in American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status groups I or II who were scheduled for lower ...
Hamzi Khalil - - 2013
The sickle-cell disease is a group of chronic hemolytic diseases which associates three types of injuries: severe anemia, severe infections, and ischemic vaso-occlusive crisis that are secondary to conflicts between small vessels and red blood cells too deformable. Thus, organic various complications may arise. Its prevalence in Europe is estimated ...
Maravic M - - 2013
We described the whole population of patients hospitalized for vertebral fractures in France in 2009. Only 6.4 % of them were operated by vertebroplasty; these patients were younger and healthier than non-operated patients. INTRODUCTION: This study aims to describe the burden of vertebral fractures from the 2009 French Hospital National Database ...
Nho Hyun Woo - - 2013
Here, we report an enhanced separation of colloidal particles using a novel type AsPFF (asymmetric pinched flow fractionation) device with two additional features (t-AsPFF-v). Particularly, by adding a tilted sidewall and vertical focusing channels to the conventional AsPFF device, a significant enhancement in the separation resolution (R(m,n)) has been achieved, ...
Cohen J F - - 2013
We aimed to assess the independent effect of clinical spectrum, bacterial inoculum size and physician characteristics on the sensitivity of a rapid antigen detection test (RADT) for group A streptococcus (GAS) in children. Double throat swabs were collected from 1,482 children with pharyngitis and 294 asymptomatic children in a French ...
Astbury Nerys M - - 2013
Previous studies have reported that polydextrose can reduce food intake; however, the optimal dose required to achieve this effect is currently unknown. The present study investigated the effects of consuming a range of doses of polydextrose on appetite and energy intake (EI) using a randomised within-subject, cross-over design. For this ...
Farrell S M J - - 2013
Applanation tonometry is widely performed as the most accurate method of measuring intraocular pressure in the clinical setting. Disposable tonometer heads reduce the risk of transmitting infection during applanation and eliminate tonometer head cleaning, which is time-consuming. We performed a study to investigate whether the Tonojet disposable tonometer (Luneau, France) ...
Zou Chan-Juan - - 2013
The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in China is high. Four percent of patients with HBV infection can present with polyarthritis and positive rheumatic factor similar to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, we investigated the association between HBV infection and serological, radiological, or histological disease status in RA. ...
Verhoye Marleen - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate image quality and diagnostic accuracy of High-field post-mortem (PM) magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) on fetuses below 20 weeks of gestation before and after the freeze-thaw process. Materials and Methods: Nine fetuses were scanned with 3 different scanning procedures: "fresh", just after termination of pregnancy(TOP), "non-fresh short scan" ...
Martínez Alvaro - - 2013
Covalent attachment of biorecognizable sugar ligands in several copies at precise positions of cyclomaltooligosaccharide (cyclodextrin, CD) macrocycles has proven to be an extremely flexible strategy to build multivalent conjugates. The commercial availability of the native CDs in three different sizes, their axial symmetry and the possibility of position- and face-selective ...
Wang Yun - - 2013
In our study, metabolomics was used to investigate biochemical changes in the early stages of rats focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples at 0, 0.5, 1, 3, and 6 h of reperfusion (n = 10), based on (1)H NMR spectroscopy and multivariate data analyses, were tested to ...
Schönbrodt-Stitt Sarah - - 2013
In densely populated countries like China, clean water is one of the most challenging issues of prospective politics and environmental planning. Water pollution and eutrophication by excessive input of nitrogen and phosphorous from nonpoint sources is mostly linked to soil erosion from agricultural land. In order to prevent such water ...
Honeychurch Jamie - - 2013
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to assess the immunogenic potential of irradiated lymphoma cells in vivo and determine whether immunogenicity can be enhanced by modulation of the host immune system. Syngeneic murine lymphoma models irradiated ex vivo were used as an orthotopic cellular vaccination prior to challenge with ...
Jacques T A - - 2013
Background: The authors present a case of diffuse fatty infiltration of the thyroid gland with coexistent deposition of amyloid protein. Method: A case history and brief literature review concerning amyloid goitre and fatty infiltration of the thyroid are presented, and the relationship between these two phenomena is discussed. Results: A ...
Bae Jeong Mo - - 2013
DNA methylation is one of the key mechanisms of epigenetic modification, and genome-wide hypomethylation and CpG island hypermethylation are characteristics of cancer cells. The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is a distinctive subtype of colorectal cancers (CRCs) that show concordant hypermethylation of numerous promoter CpG island loci. CIMP-positive CRCs are ...
Felton Linda A - - 2013
Pharmaceutical coating processes have generally been transformed from what was essentially an art form in the mid-twentieth century to a much more technology-driven process. This review article provides a basic overview of current film coating processes, including a discussion on polymer selection, coating formulation additives and processing equipment. Substrate considerations ...
Muhire Brejnev - - 2013
Recent advances in the ease with which the genomes of small circular single-stranded DNA viruses can be amplified, cloned, and sequenced have greatly accelerated the rate at which full genome sequences of mastreviruses (family Geminiviridae, genus Mastrevirus) are being deposited in public sequence databases. Although guidelines currently exist for species-level ...
Xia Yan - - 2013
To perform in vivo animal single photon emission computed tomography imaging on a stationary detector gantry, we introduced a hybrid rotation-translation (HRT) tomographic scan, a combination of translational and limited angle rotational movements of the image object, to minimize gravity-induced animal motion. To quantitatively assess the performance of ten HRT ...
Gao Dan - - 2013
In this study, an integrated microfluidic device was developed for drug permeability assays with real-time online detection by a directly coupled mass spectrometer. The integrated microfluidic device contained two independent channels sandwiched by a semipermeable polycarbonate membrane for cell culture, and micro solid-phase extraction (SPE) columns for sample clean-up and ...
Al Mohajer Mayar - - 2013
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs) are the most common nosocomial infection worldwide. Prolonged catheterization is the most important risk factor for CA-UTIs. As is the case with all device-related infections, the biofilm plays a central role in the pathogenesis of CA-UTIs. The diagnosis is often difficult, given the lack of ...
Richards A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine pre-brushing saliva fluoride concentrations before and during a large, 3-year, prospective toothpaste study on the effect of post-brushing rinsing on dental caries. The aims were to study saliva fluoride over time and the effect of rinsing on saliva fluoride and to ...
Nakamoto Yuji - - 2013
PURPOSE: PET/CT using FDG has been widely used for the imaging of various malignant tumours, including plasma cell malignancy (PCM), but (11)C-methionine (MET), as a radiolabelled amino acid tracer, may also be useful because PCM is able to activate protein synthesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ...
Berry Jay G JG Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Readmission rates are used as an indicator of the quality of care that patients receive during a hospital admission and after discharge. To determine the prevalence of pediatric readmissions and the magnitude of variation in pediatric readmission rates across hospitals. We analyzed 568,845 admissions at 72 children's hospitals between July ...
Niederle Norbert - - 2013
Bendamustine demonstrated clinical activity in pre-treated hematological malignancies due to its unique mechanism of action distinct from standard alkylating agents. This study assessed its efficacy in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia pre-treated with an alkylator, in comparison to fludarabine. Patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia requiring treatment after one previous ...
Diffey Brian L - - 2013
A mathematical model is described for estimating changes in plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels throughout the year as a consequence of varying the oral intake of vitamin D and the behaviour outdoors of white British adults resident in different regions of the UK. The model yields seasonal and geographical patterns ...
Yu Ge - - 2013
At present, most estuarine ecological risk studies are based on terrestrial ecosystem models, which ignore spatial heterogeneity. The Daliao River estuary has representative characteristics of many estuaries in China, and we used this estuary as the study area to formulate an estuarine ecological risk evaluation model. Targeting the estuary's special ...
Conradsson Mia - - 2013
Objectives: The aim of this population-based study was to investigate the usefulness of the Geriatric Depression Scale 15-item version (GDS-15) to assess depressive symptoms among very old people with differing levels of cognitive function. Methods: The 834 participants were aged 85 and over. Feasibility of GDS-15 was evaluated as the ...
Wang Hai-Yan - - 2013
SP1 protein as a new type of biological nanopore is described and is utilized to distinguish single-stranded DNA at the single-molecule level. Using the SP1 nanopore to investigate single molecule detection broadens the existing research areas of pore-forming biomaterials from unsymmetrical biological nanopores to symmetrical biological nanopores. This novel nanopore ...
Orive Joseba - - 2013
Four novel amine templated open-framework vanadium(iii) phosphites with the formula (C(5)N(2)H(14))(0.5)[V(H(2)O)(HPO(3))(2)], (C(5)N(2)H(14) = 2-methylpiperazinium), and (L)(4-x)(H(3)O)(x)[V(9)(H(2)O)(6)(HPO(3))(14-y)(HPO(4))(y)(H(2)PO(3))(3-z)(H(2)PO(4))(z)]·nH(2)O (, L = cyclopentylammonium, x = 0, y = 3.5, z = 3, n = 0; , L = cyclohexylammonium, x = 1, y = 0, z = 0.6, n = 2.33; , L ...
Marjanovic E J - - 2013
The study examined if women with osteoporosis were at increased risk of periodontal disease. Three hundred eighty females aged 45-65 years with recent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans of the spine and proximal femur agreed to a dental examination. No association was established between the presence of severe periodontal disease and ...
Stasia Marie J MJ 1] Chronic Granulomatous Disease Diagnosis and Research Centre, Therex-TIMC/Imag, UMR CNRS 5525, UJF-Grenoble 1, Grenoble, France [2] Pôle Biologie, CHU de Grenoble, Grenoble, - - 2013
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with multi-systemic manifestations, caused by a heterozygous segmental deletion of 1.55-1.83 Mb at chromosomal band 7q11.23. The deletion can include the NCF1 gene that encodes the p47(phox) protein, a component of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase enzyme, which is essential for the defense against microbial ...
Nygaard Ingrid E IE Division of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, 50 North Medical Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84132-0001, USA. - - 2013
Many surgeons recommend rest and restricting activities to their patients after surgery. The aim of this review is to summarize the literature regarding types of activities gynecologic surgeons restrict and intra-abdominal pressure during specific activities and to provide an overview of negative effects of sedentary behavior (rest). We searched PubMed ...
Hall L J - - 2013
Natural killer (NK) cells are traditionally considered in the context of tumor surveillance and infection defense but their role in chronic inflammatory disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease is less clear. Here, we investigated the role of NK cells in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. Depletion of NK ...
Abou-Rizk Zeina - - 2013
Our interest stems from the dramatic increase in the number of obesity studies, which expose Canadian women to a huge amount of information that links health to weight. Using feminist poststructuralist and postcolonial lenses, this paper investigates young Lebanese-Canadian women's constructions of the body and "health" practices within the context ...
Samassekou Oumar - - 2013
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematologic cancer characterized by the proliferation of myeloid cells and the translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22, [t(9;22)(q34.1;q11.2)]. At the chronic phase (CP), CML cells present longer telomeres than at the other clinical phases, display arm-specific maintenance of individual telomere lengths, and are chromosomally ...
Huang Jennifer H - - 2013
An 11 day-old female infant underwent resection of a mass in the subaortic region secondary to critical aortic stenosis. At 3 months of age, recurrent severe left-ventricular outflow obstruction (LVOT) in the setting of heart failure prompted redo surgery, and the resected mass revealed an intracardiac foregut cyst, which is a rare ...
Choi Hyoungseon - - 2013
Quantification of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in blood samples is believed to provide valuable evidence of cancer progression, cancer activity status, response to therapy in patients with metastatic cancer, and possible cancer diagnosis. Recently, a number of researchers reported that CTCs tend to lose their epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) ...
Menon Manoj P - - 2013
Enzalutamide, formerly known as MDV3100, is an oral second generation androgen receptor (AR) inhibitor that was chosen from a screen of agents and shown in preclinical studies to have greater affinity for the AR than its predecessors without any agonistic effects. The pre-clinical work that led to the interest in ...
Schachat Fred - - 2013
Hodges and his colleagues identified a 12 amino acid fragment of troponin I (TnI-ip) that inhibits Ca(2+)-activated force and reduces the effectiveness Ca(2+) as an activator. To understand the role of troponin C (TnC) in the extended cooperative interactions of thin filament activation, we compared the effect of TnI-ip with ...
Petricevic Mate - - 2013
Excessive bleeding after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is risk factor for adverse outcomes after elective cardiac surgery (ECS). Differentiating between patients who bleed due to surgical issues and those whose excessive chest tube output (CTO) is due to coagulopathy, remains challenging. Bedside suitable tests to identify hemostatic disturbances and predict excessive ...
Abraham S - - 2013
The sterile insect technique (SIT) has been proposed as an area-wide method to control the South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann). This technique requires sterilization, a procedure that affects, along with other factors, the ability of males to modulate female sexual receptivity after copulation. Numerous pre-release treatments have been ...
Fullerton G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of pregnancy following postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in the first pregnancy. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Scotland, UK. POPULATION: All women with first deliveries recorded in the Aberdeen Maternity and Neonatal Databank (AMND) between 1986 and 2005. METHODS: All women identified from the AMND ...
Touma Zahi - - 2013
In the last decade, the development of a number of potential drugs for lupus that target the pathogenesis of the disease at different levels has been witnessed. Despite a number of negative trials during this period, belimumab was recently approved for the treatment of adult seropositive lupus patients with mild-to-moderate ...
Santimano Maria Celisa - - 2013
The extensive production and usage of nanoparticles with ultimate disposal in the environment leads to unintentional exposure of non-target environmentally beneficial bacteria thereby posing a serious threat to the native soil inhabitants. Soil microflora is an important link in the biogeochemical cycling of nutrients, affecting ecosystem functioning and productivity. This ...
Weldon Paul J - - 2013
Nearly 500 alkaloids, representing over 20 structural classes, have been identified from the skin of neotropical poison frogs (Dendrobatidae). These cutaneous compounds, which are derived from arthropod prey of the frogs, generally are believed to deter predators. We tested the red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta) for toxicosis following contact ...
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