Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2592
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Chauhan Urmila - - 2013
Myoclonic jerks presenting with fever have only rarely been reported and have often been misdiagnosed as febrile seizures. The presentation may be dramatic enough to provoke unnecessary investigation and treatment. Considering the benign nature of this condition, it is important that the condition is recognized by the physician so that ...
Su Wenhui W The Mary M. Wohlford Laboratory for Male Contraceptive Research, Center for Biomedical Research, Population Council, New York, NY 10065, - - 2013
In the mammalian testis, extensive restructuring takes place across the seminiferous epithelium at the Sertoli-Sertoli and Sertoli-germ cell interface during the epithelial cycle of spermatogenesis, which is important to facilitate changes in the cell shape and morphology of developing germ cells. However, precise communications also take place at the cell ...
Braunschweig Holger - - 2013
Here we report the facile formation of boron-containing cyclic (amino)(imino)carbene complexes by reaction of a chromium borylene complex [(OC)(5)Cr[double bond, length as m-dash]B[double bond, length as m-dash]N(SiMe(3))(2)] with isocyanides.
Brearley Matt B - - 2013
Introduction Responses to physical activity while wearing personal protective equipment in hot laboratory conditions are well documented. However less is known of medical professionals responding to an emergency in hot field conditions in standard attire. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the physiological responses of medical responders ...
Chen Jeng-Rung - - 2013
Brain structures and functions are increasingly recognized to be directly affected by gonadal hormones, which classically determine reproductive functions and sexual phenotypes. In this regard, we found recently that ovariectomy trimmed the dendritic spines of female rat primary somatosensory cortical neurons and estradiol supplement reversed it. Here, we investigated whether ...
Auinger Annegret - - 2013
PURPOSE: The effect of brewers' yeast (1,3)-(1,6)-beta-D-glucan consumption on the number of common cold episodes in healthy subject was investigated. METHODS: In a placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized, multicentric clinical trial, 162 healthy participants with recurring infections received 900 mg of either placebo (n = 81) or an insoluble yeast (1,3)-(1,6)-beta-D-glucan preparation (n = 81) per day ...
Santovito Donato - - 2013
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, non-coding, short, single-stranded RNAs and represent a new class of gene regulators. Recent evidence supports a role for miRNAs in cardiovascular pathophysiology and atherosclerosis development. We have previously demonstrated that miR-145 is widely expressed in human atherosclerotic lesions and its downregulation has been correlated with ...
Dunn Derek - - 2013
Abstract Among its various catalytic activities, "chymotrypsin-like" activity of proteasome, a large multicatalytic proteinase complex has emerged as the focus of drug discovery efforts in cancer therapy. Herein, we report results from our investigation on a series of peptidomimetic inhibitors.
Gasior Alessandra C - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: No protocol exists for prophylaxis or therapeutic management of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) related deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in children. Currently, very few patients are provided prophylaxis for DVT. In this study, we analyzed our current practice of PICC placement to identify the frequency of DVT, analyze risk ...
Poulias Evmenios - - 2013
Background. Previous studies of ridge preservation showed a loss of about 18% or 1.5 mm of crestal ridge width in spite of treatment. The primary aim of this randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial was to compare a socket graft to the same treatment plus a buccal overlay graft, both with ...
Tsai Hsiu-Hsin - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to understand the prevalence and risk factors for depressive symptoms among nursing home residents' family caregivers in Taiwan. METHODS: Family caregivers (n = 191) of nursing home residents were recruited by stratified random sampling from 16 nursing homes throughout Taiwan. Data were collected from ...
Trasande Leonardo L Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
The impact of air pollution on fetal growth remains controversial, in part, because studies have been limited to sub-regions of the United States with limited variability. No study has examined air pollution impacts on neonatal health care utilization. We performed descriptive, univariate and multivariable analyses on administrative hospital record data ...
Kishimoto Yuichiro - - 2013
Aortic insufficiency (AI) is a serious complication for patients on long-term support with left ventricular assist devices (LVAD). Postoperative aortic valve opening is an important predictor of AI. A system is presently available that can promote native aortic flow by reducing rotational speed (RS) for defined intervals. However, this system ...
Sutterland Arjen L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal incidence studies of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) performed in mental health service organizations are prone to confounding factors not found in research performed in the general population. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence rates (IRs) over a 10-year period of SSD (broadly defined) and schizophrenia (narrowly defined) in the ...
Wainstock Tamar - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the association between prenatal maternal stress, preterm birth (PTB) and low birthweight (LBW). Methods: Forty-seven women exposed to life-threatening rocket attacks during pregnancy were compared to 78 un-exposed women. Women were interviewed within nine months of delivery regarding socio-demographic background, smoking and perceived level of stress ...
Kalay Salih - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We measured vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1(sVEGFR-1) concentrations in cord blood and tracheal aspirate fluid (TAF) in order to investigate the role of them in lung maturation and the severity of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm newborns, born to ...
Waaijer Cathelijn J F - - 2013
Multiple osteochondromas (MO) is a syndrome in which benign cartilage-capped neoplasms develop at the surface of the long bones. Most cases are caused by exonic changes in EXT1 or EXT2, but 15% are negative for these changes. Here we report for the first time a family of MO patients with ...
Dors Giniani Carla - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of fungicides on rice cultivation regarding the occurrence and the distribution of mycotoxins in fractions of the processed grain, by a validated chromatographic method. A method based on extraction with acetonitrile:water, determination by HPLC-DAD and confirmation by LC-MS was validated before the mycotoxin ...
Densley Konstancja - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of the 22-item Social Participation Questionnaire (SPQ). METHODS: The SPQ was administered to 789 adult primary care patients with depressive symptoms. As the items were intended to be summed together to provide total score, Rasch analysis (partial credit ...
Huisman Palesa A - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this systematic review was to determine the efficacy of thoracic spine manipulation (TSM) in reducing pain and disability in patients diagnosed with non-specific neck pain. Methods: An extensive literature search of PubMed, The Cochrane Library, CINAHL and EMBASE was conducted in February 2012. Randomized controlled ...
Gorlas Aurore - - 2013
Plaque assay is the method traditionally used to isolate and purify lytic viruses, to determine the viral titer and host range. Whereas most bacterioviruses are either temperate or lytic, the majority of known archeoviruses are not lytic (i.e. they are temperate or chronic). In view of the widespread occurrence of ...
Li Qin - - 2013
Abstract Background and objective: To evaluate the effects of ischemia and reperfusion (IR) and ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on the metabolic activities of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes in rats by a five-drug cocktail approach. Methods: Cocktail approach was used to evaluate the influence of IR and IPC on the activities of ...
Stute Annika - - 2013
2-Propenylbis(pentafluorophenyl)phosphane adds Piers' borane [HB(C(6)F(5))(2)] with anti-Markovnikov orientation to yield the intramolecular vicinal frustrated P/B Lewis pair . The FLP adds pyridine, acetonitrile or alkyl isocyanides to form simple boron Lewis acid adducts , all of which were characterized by X-ray diffraction. The FLP reacts with trans-cinnamic aldehyde to give ...
Dornbos Peter - - 2013
River otters are fish-eating wildlife that bioaccumulate high levels of mercury (Hg). Mercury is a proven neurotoxicant to mammalian wildlife, but little is known about the underlying, sub-clinical effects. Here, the overall goal was to increase understanding of Hg's neurological risk to otters. First, Hg values across several brain regions ...
Randriambololona D M A - - 2013
Introduction. Ectopic pregnancy is a serious gynecological disease requiring early diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this study is to analyze the epidemiologic, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of this disease in a reference hospital in Madagascar. Patients and methods. This prospective and descriptive study included all women diagnosed with and ...
Hanai Nobuhiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recently, the role of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for preserving organs in the treatment of head and neck cancer has been increasing. However, the indication for post-CRT neck dissection (ND) and its surgical extent is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to discuss the indications for post-CRT ND and ...
Baudiffier Damien - - 2013
Clotrimazole is an azole fungicide used as a human pharmaceutical that is known to inhibit cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymatic activities, including several steroidogenic CYP. In a previous report, we showed that a 7-day exposure to clotrimazole induced the expression of genes related to steroidogenesis in the testes as a compensatory ...
Ségurel Laure L 1] Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, UMR 7206, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Université Paris 7 Diderot, Paris, France [2] Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2013
The high prevalence of type 2 diabetes and its uneven distribution among human populations is both a major public health concern and a puzzle in evolutionary biology. Why is this deleterious disease so common, while the associated genetic variants should be removed by natural selection? The 'thrifty genotype' hypothesis proposed ...
Perry Mitchell R - - 2013
The synthesis and characterization of one novel proligand and six novel vanadium(iii) trichloride complexes is described. The controlled radical polymerization activity towards vinyl acetate of these, and eight other bis(imino)pyridine vanadium trichloride complexes previously reported, is investigated. Those complexes possessing variation at the N-aryl para-position with no steric protection offered ...
Kim Jung Bin - - 2013
PURPOSE: It has been reported that restless legs syndrome (RLS) might be associated with multiple psychosomatic symptoms. We aimed to identify which psychosomatic symptom is the most related in RLS patients compared to healthy controls. We also attempted to determine the relation between psychosomatic comorbidity and RLS severity regardless of ...
Kanjanachumpol Pawut - - 2013
This study demonstrated the improved polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) production via high cell density cultivation of Bacillus megaterium BA-019 with balanced initial total sugar concentration and carbon to nitrogen (C/N) weight ratio. In the 10 L stirred fermentor operated at 30 °C, pH 7.0, 600 rpm, and 1.0 vvm air, with the initial total sugar concentration ...
Belanger Heather G - - 2013
The history of centralized matches for postgraduate selection is briefly discussed with a focus on the match instituted by the Association of Postdoctoral Programs in Clinical Neuropsychology (APPCN) in 2001] Survey data, conducted both by APPCN and independently, are summarized. In general, despite incomplete participation and an estimated 30% rate ...
Uematsu Takayoshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The specificity of breast MRI is only moderate. The unsatisfactory specificity of breast MRI has prompted evaluation of high signal intensity (SI) on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI). The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence of prepectoral edema determined using high SI on T2WI with fat-suppression 3 T MRI ...
Li Xiaoqi - - 2013
We present a study through extensive simulation that considers the impact of inhomogeneous optical scattering coefficient distribution on recovery of optical absorption coefficient maps using tomographic photoacoustic data collected from media mimicking breast tissue. We found that while the impact of scattering heterogeneities/targets is modest on photoacoustic recovery of optical ...
de Pont Cecile - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare pretherapy (124)I PET/CT and posttherapy (131)I SPECT/CT in the identification of pathological lesions and the staging of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. METHODS: (124)I SPECT with low-dose CT in addition to a standard whole-body scan was performed 5 days following (131)I therapy with the administration of 1,110-7,728 MBq. Pretherapy ...
Cai Lin - - 2013
Arsenic contamination in a water system is an urgent environmental problem that has caused severe endemic arsenicosis in south and southeast Asian countries. It is well known that microbially mediated arsenic metabolism can enhance arsenic mobility, bioavailability, and toxicity. Here, for the first time, we applied the Illumina high-throughput metagenomic ...
Dharmarajan Kumar K Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, - - 2013
To better guide strategies intended to reduce high rates of 30-day readmission after hospitalization for heart failure (HF), acute myocardial infarction (MI), or pneumonia, further information is needed about readmission diagnoses, readmission timing, and the relationship of both to patient age, sex, and race. To examine readmission diagnoses and timing ...
Petrovic Milorad - - 2013
Background/Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical reliability of the immunoscintigraphy with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies for the detection of metastases and recurrences of rectal carcinomas. Methodology: A total of 65 patients underwent immunoscintigraphy with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies. Indication for that examination was suspicious rectal cancer or ...
Verma Malkhey - - 2013
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disease resulting from an aberrant BCR.ABL gene and protein. To predict BCR.ABL protein abundance and phosphorylation in individual cells in a population of CML cells, we modelled BCR.ABL protein regulation through associated miRNAs using a systems approach. The model rationalizes the level ...
Pranzatelli Michael R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To study the role of Th(2)-attracting chemokines in opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS), a serious neurological paraneoplastic disorder in need of better immunological understanding and therapy. METHODS: The CCR4 agonists CCL22 and CCL17 were measured in serum by ELISA in children with OMS (238 and 260, respectively), pediatric controls (115 and ...
Arend Christian - - 2013
Antiretroviral protease inhibitors are a class of important drugs that are used for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infections. Among those compounds, ritonavir is applied frequently in combination with other antiretroviral protease inhibitors, as it has been reported to boost their therapeutic efficiency. To test whether ritonavir affects the ...
Zeng Yi-Rong YR Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Baiyun District, Zip code 510405, GuangZhou City, Guangdong Province, - - 2013
To investigate the curative efficacy of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in a hip-preserving operative approach, by grafting a vascularized greater trochanter flap combined with a free iliac flap, in an attempt to seek an innovative approach for patients who suffered middle to late stage ONFH without total hip ...
Chen Cuie - - 2013
A novel light-operated vehicle for targeted intracellular drug delivery is constructed using photosensitizer-incorporated G-quadruplex DNA-capped mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Upon light irradiation, the photosensitizer generates ROS, causing the DNA capping to be cleaved and allowing cargo to be released. Importantly, this platform makes it possible to develop a drug-carrier system for ...
Sakai Yuji - - 2013
Background/Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) can be usefully and safely performed in elderly patients aged 80 years or older. Methodology: The eligible patients with pancreatic and biliary diseases who required EST were divided into two groups depending on their age: under 80 ...
Boerlage A S - - 2013
Fish-borne zoonotic trematodes (FZTs) can cause major human health problems. The aim of this study was to quantify the transmission of parapleurolophocercous cercariae to common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and to study the effect of the density of cercariae and the density of fish on transmission with respect to the volume ...
Baldwin Andrew J - - 2013
An analytical expression is derived for the rotating frame relaxation rate, R ( 1ρ ), of a spin exchanging between two sites with different transverse relaxation times. A number of limiting cases are examined, with the equation reducing to formulae derived previously under the assumption of equivalent relaxation rates at ...
Shiga Ney Tatizawa - - 2013
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the modality of choice for determining the extent of a primary bone tumor. This article will discuss the MRI techniques needed to accurately define the intramedullary extent of a bone sarcoma, emphasizing the need for non-contrast T1-weighted sequences and highlighting the role of chemical shift ...
Balalaie Saeed - - 2013
A three-component reaction of 3-formyl chromones, dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylate, and isocyanides in the presence of [Formula: see text] was used as a highly efficient and practical approach for the synthesis of 3-amino-5-chromenyl-butenolides. High yields and high bond forming efficiency, and simple operations are the advantages of this method. Graphical abstract.
Pawar Rahul S - - 2013
In addition to their widely recognized use as dietary supplement ingredients, plant-derived compounds are increasingly used as natural sweeteners. The search for nonnutritive sweeteners has been stimulated over the last 20-30 years by concern over demonstrated or suspected relationships between consumption of sucrose and high-fructose corn syrups and a variety of ...
Höiom Veronica - - 2013
Melanoma of the eye is a rare and distinct subtype of melanoma, which only rarely are familial. However, cases of uveal melanoma (UM) have been found in families with mixed cancer syndromes. Here, we describe a comprehensive search for inherited genetic variation in a family with multiple cases of UM ...
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