Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2583
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Feng Pei - - 2013
Objective. To assess whether serum magnesium concentration can predict risk of short-term outcome of acute ischemic stroke. Methods. Between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2008, 1493 patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited from four hospitals in Shandong province, P.R China. Data on demographic characteristics, life style risk factors, ...
Qu Lu-Lu - - 2013
A facile one-step approach to fabricate substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) detection of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was explored by reduction of silver nitrate with humic acids (HAs). This simple process readily delivers silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) decorated with HAs (HAs-Ag NPs), and an average diameter of 50 nm. ...
Bashir Rasheeda - - 2013
The DFNB79 locus harbors TPRN mutations in which have been reported in a few families with deafness. Four frameshift mutations in TPRN have been described to cause severe or severe-to-profound hearing loss in Moroccan and Pakistani families, and a single frameshift mutation was associated with progressive hearing loss in deaf ...
Herouvi Despina - - 2013
In recent years, childhood obesity is becoming an epidemic health problem. It is now evident from many studies that childhood obesity is correlated with adult excess weight status and the development of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in adulthood, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome. The ...
Kottner Jan - - 2013
Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is regarded as one of the most important parameters for characterizing skin barrier function but an agreed upon definition of what a "normal" TEWL is does not exist. In order to determine generalizable TEWL values for healthy adults, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. The ...
Lusuardi Lukas - - 2013
The most commonly used imaging modalities for diagnostic investigation of bladder carcinoma are contrast-enhanced computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography. More recently, radioisotope and fluorescence staining are being used before, or even during, open or laparoscopic surgery. We report recent results obtained with these imaging modalities and ...
Le Scodan Romuald - - 2013
Approximately 20 to 40 % of patients with metastatic cancer will develop brain metastases (BM) during the disease course. Whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) is considered the standard treatment for most patients, particularly those with extensive intracranial disease, providing symptom relief and increasing median and overall survival. Despite WBRT, the prognosis for the ...
Ulu Sahin - - 2013
Mean platelet volume (MPV) is one of the platelet function indices which reflects the platelet production rate and functions. While vascular occlusion, acute or chronic syndromes and vasculitis are increasing the MPV levels, infections, autoimmune diseases, and inflammatory situations reduce it. The indicator for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISHL) ...
Parton Robert G - - 2013
Caveolae are submicroscopic, plasma membrane pits that are abundant in many mammalian cell types. The past few years have seen a quantum leap in our understanding of the formation, dynamics and functions of these enigmatic structures. Caveolae have now emerged as vital plasma membrane sensors that can respond to plasma ...
Husby Simon - - 2013
Abstract Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is rare and aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. New treatment modalities, including intensive induction regimens with immunochemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation, have improved survival, however, many patients still relapse, and there is a need for novel therapeutic strategies. Recent progress has been made in ...
Konno Uta - - 2013
Freshwater aquifers in granitic rocks are widespread microbial habitats in the terrestrial subsurface. Microbial populations in deep granitic groundwater from two recently drilled (1 and 2 years) and two old boreholes (14 and 25 years) were compared. The 16S rRNA gene sequences related to "Candidatus Magnetobacterium bavaricum", Thermodesulfovibrio spp. of Nitrospirae (90.5-93.1 % ...
Craig Dawn - - 2013
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer of retigabine (GlaxoSmithKline) to submit evidence for the clinical and cost effectiveness of this drug for the treatment of adults with partial-onset seizures in epilepsy, with and without secondary generalization, as part of the Institute's single technology appraisal ...
Uehara Shuichiro - - 2013
The use of thoracoscopy and laparoscopy in the treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDHs) has been recently reported; however, the use of these procedures still remains controversial due to CO(2) insufflation and limited working space. In addition, because of difficult techniques, it has not been widely accepted. Among CDH patients, ...
Iwanaga Kazunori - - 2013
Abstract 1. We investigated the effects of the dose of and the number of times an inducer was administered and the duration of induction of hepatic and intestinal cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) in rats using dexamethasone 21-phosphate (DEX-P) and midazolam (MDZ) as an inducer and a substrate to CYP3A, respectively. 2. The ...
Volkova V V - - 2013
SUMMARY Enteric commensal bacteria of food animals may serve as a reservoir of genes encoding antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The genes are often plasmidic. Different aspects of bacterial ecology can be targeted by interventions to control plasmid-mediated AMR. The field efficacy of interventions remains unclear. We developed a deterministic mathematical model ...
Willig James H - - 2013
In primary care settings, follow-up regarding the outcome of acute outpatient visits is largely absent. We sought to develop an automated interactive voice response system (IVRS) for patient follow-up with feedback to providers capable of interfacing with multiple pre-existing electronic medical records (EMRs). A system was designed to extract data ...
Moat Stuart J - - 2013
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a progressive X-linked neuromuscular disorder, has an estimated worldwide incidence of 1:3500 male births. Currently, there are no curative treatments and the mean age of diagnosis is 5 years. In addition, subsequent pregnancies frequently occur before a diagnosis is made in an index case. An 'opt ...
Kim Dong Hoe - - 2013
Herein, we report on the synthesis of phase-pure rutile walnut-like TiO(2) (W-TiO(2)) spheres composed of single-crystalline nanorod-building blocks using a surfactant-free non-aqueous acidic modified "benzyl alcohol route". Based on the various HCl concentration- and reaction time-dependent experiments, an effect of hydrochloric acid on the phase formation mechanism in a non-aqueous ...
Hernández Sarmiento José Mauricio - - 2013
Homeless people are highly susceptible to tuberculosis. It has been suggested that this population have high rates of mental disorders associated with tuberculosis. We assessed tuberculosis incidence, its transmission patterns and association with socio-demographic factors and mental disorders in Colombian homeless people. Prospective study which socio-demographic characteristics and mental disorders ...
Nikbakht Gholamreza - - 2013
Microsatellite LEI0258 is a genetic marker for chicken MHC haplotypes and can be used as an indicator of the influence of population genetics on immune responses. LEI0258 microsatellite variability in three Iranian indigenous chicken populations (Khorasan, Marandi, and Arian) was investigated. In total, 142 Khorasan, 42 Marandi, and 58 Arian ...
Ma Xiaorong - - 2013
We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of low-dose propranolol for treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IHs) in China. Our prospective study included data from 89 patients with IH, aged 1-12 months. Plasma renin activity, angiotensin II, and aldosterone were measured before initiation of propranolol therapy. Patients were administered propranolol (0.75-1 mg/kg/day) ...
Okon J B - - 2013
Aim. To determine the prevalence of endoscopic lesions, according to age and location, in patients with rectal bleeding who underwent total colonoscopy. Methods. Retrospective observational study examining records from the hepatogastroenterology department at the Cocody University Hospital (Abidjan) of colonoscopies for rectal examination from September 1, 1991, through August 15, ...
Mitin Timur - - 2013
During the past 25 years, prospective clinical trials have established that bladder preservation therapy for select patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer is a safe and effective alternative to an immediate cystectomy. Cisplatin-based chemoradiation is the most well-studied and accepted component of trimodality therapy; however, other systemic agents have recently been shown ...
Xin Peiyong - - 2013
Based on the dual role of specific boronate affinity, making use of both novel self-synthesized boronate affinity-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles and a high-efficiency organic boronic acid-type derivatization reagent, we report a simple, convenient and highly-sensitive method for detection of endogenous brassinosteroids from real plant materials.
Lecca Paola - - 2013
We present an integrative general network inference methodology to infer genetic and metabolic pathways associated with oncological drug chemoresistance. This methodology is general because it can infer different kinds of networks from different kinds of data. It is integrative because it integrates model simulation in its framework and it assembles ...
Huang Ying - - 2013
Ionic plasticity, a form of synaptic plasticity unique to inhibitory neurotransmission, can be induced in cerebellar Purkinje neurons by brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). It is expressed as a decrease in synaptic strength of GABA-A transmission onto Purkinje neurons due to reduced transmembrane chloride gradient. By making whole-cell recordings, we found ...
Jiménez-Ormeño Ester - - 2013
This study compared the foot morphology of Spanish schoolchildren based on their body mass index and age and analyzed whether body mass index affects the child's foot development at primary school. Cross-sectional study of 1,032 schoolchildren (497 boys and 535 girls), 6-12 years old. Height and weight were measured to calculate ...
Allen Hillary F - - 2013
The nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex regulates chromatin organization, gene transcription, genomic stability and developmental signaling. NuRD has a unique dual enzymatic activity, containing an ATPase and a histone deacetylase among its six core subunits. Recent studies indicate that NuRD composition and the interplay between subunits may dictate the ...
Faião-Flores Fernanda - - 2013
Melanoma is one of the most aggressive types of skin cancer and its incidence rate is still increasing. All existing treatments are minimally effective. Consequently, new therapeutic agents for melanoma treatment should be developed. The DM-1 compound is a curcumin analog that possesses several curcumin characteristics, such as antiproliferative, antitumor, ...
Nimaichand Salam - - 2013
A novel actinobacterium MBRL 251(T), isolated from a sample collected from a limestone quarry at Hundung, Manipur, India, was characterized using a polyphasic approach. The 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence of strain MBRL 251(T) showed closest similarities with Streptomyces xanthochromogenes NRRL B-5410(T) (99.6%) and Streptomyces michiganensis NBRC 12797(T) (99.6%). The ...
Ho Ching-Yin - - 2013
Familial aggregation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has been widely reported. The excess risk is about 4-8-fold among first-degree relatives of NPC patients compared with those without a family history of the disease. We used nasopharyngoscopy and a narrow-band image system (NBI) to screen NPC high-risk patients and identify a good ...
Tucker Patrick Steven - - 2013
Abstract Context: Kidney-related pathologies have increasing prevalence rates, produce a considerable financial burden, and are characterized by elevated levels of oxidative stress (OS). Objective: This review examines relationships between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and markers of OS and antioxidant status (AS). Methods: A systematic review of MEDLINE-indexed clinical trials, randomized ...
Yue Chao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gut barrier failure caused by endotoxemia is a life-threatening problem. The present study aimed to determine whether any specific intestinal site is highly correlated with gut barrier failure, and whether recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) can ameliorate gut barrier failure in a rat model of endotoxemia. METHODS: Enterostomy tubes ...
Wark Landon - - 2013
PALB2/FANCN is a BRCA1- and BRCA2-interacting Fanconi Anemia (FA) protein crucial for key BRCA2 genome caretaker functions. Heterozygous germline mutations in PALB2 predispose to breast cancer and biallelic mutations cause FA. FA proteins play a critical role in the telomere maintenance pathway, with telomeric shortening observed in FA cells. Less ...
Li Zhanqiang - - 2013
Three new steroid glycosides, pectiniosides H-J (1-3), were isolated along with three known compounds (4-6) including a steroid glycoside and two polyhydroxysteroids, from the alcoholic extract of the starfish Asterina pectinifera. The structures of 1-3 were determined by extensive NMR and HR-ESI-MS experiments. Compounds 1-4 did not show cytostatic activity ...
Cheruvathur Meena K - - 2013
An efficient plant regeneration protocol was established for an endangered ethnomedicinal plant Desmodium gangeticum (Linn.) DC. Morphogenic calli were produced from 96 % of the cultures comprising the immature leaf explants on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (4.0 mg l(-1)) in combination with 6-benzylaminopurine (BA; 0.8 mg l(-1)). For callus regeneration, ...
Ziegler Raphaela - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) results in structural changes in the articular cartilage in the lateral tibiofemoral compartment of adult sheep. METHODS: Three experimental groups received biplanar osteotomies of the right proximal tibiae: (a) closing wedge HTO (4.5° of tibial varus), (b) opening wedge ...
Fischer Jane A - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the quality of life (QOL) of persons who inject drugs. METHODS: Some 483 current injecting drug users visiting a large NSP over a 2-week period in October 2009 were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. QOL was measured using the WHOQOL-BREF. Data were collected on age, gender, injecting ...
Gao N - - 2013
We previously showed that pre-exposure of the cornea to Toll-like receptor 5 ligand flagellin induces profound mucosal innate protection against infections by modifying gene expression. Taking advantage of easily procurable epithelial cell population, this study is the first report to use genome-wide cDNA microarray approach to document genes associated with ...
Frey Perry A - - 2013
Uridine(5')diphospho(1)α-d-galactose (UDP-gal) provides all galactosyl units in biologically synthesized carbohydrates. All healthy cells produce UDP-gal from uridine(5')diphospho(1)α-d-glucose (UDP-glc) by the action of UDP-galactose 4-epimerase (GalE). This Account provides our recent results describing unusual mechanistic features of this enzyme. Fully active GalE is dimeric and contains one tightly bound nicotinamide adenine ...
Zawada Zbigniew - - 2013
Quinacrine is a drug that is known to heal neuronal cell culture infected with prions, which are the causative agents of neurodegenerative diseases called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. However, the drug fails when it is applied in vivo. In this work, we analyzed the reason for this failure. The drug was ...
Chen Jie-Hua - - 2013
Iron deposits in the brain are a common hallmark of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. This has spurred the hypothesis that iron may play a functional role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders through free radical damage. Previous short-term studies using radiotracers suggested that brain iron uptake is small as ...
Illés Tamás - - 2013
PURPOSE: A new concept of vertebra vectors based on spinal three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions of images from the EOS system, a new low-dose X-ray imaging device, was recently proposed to facilitate interpretation of EOS 3D data, especially with regard to horizontal plane images. This retrospective study was aimed at the evaluation ...
Hu Peng - - 2013
We have constructed a colorimetric protein assay platform based on a nanoreactor. The novel strategy presents high sensitivity and excellent performance for the detection of thrombin. The linear range is 5.58 × 10(-10) to 6.50 × 10(-9) M and the detection limit down to 0.19 nM is achieved.
Huddy V C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: People with psychosis demonstrate impaired response inhibition on the Stop Signal Task (SST). It is less clear if this impairment extends to reflection impulsivity, a form of impulsivity that has been linked to substance use in non-psychotic samples. Method We compared 49 patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and 30 ...
Kim Mooeung - - 2013
The use of selectivity-enhanced Raman spectra of lube base oil (LBO) samples achieved by the spectral collection under frozen conditions at low temperatures was effective for improving accuracy for the determination of the kinematic viscosity at 40 °C (KV@40). A collection of Raman spectra from samples cooled around -160 °C ...
Sharma Gaurav - - 2013
A significant enhancement in artemisinin content, an important anti-malarial compound, has been achieved in Artemisia annua L. shoots by co-cultivating with Piriformospora indica, a mycorrhiza-like fungus. The in vitro shoots derived from nodal cultures of A. annua were implanted on four different culture media namely, (i) Murashige & Skoog (MS) ...
Hwang Jinyoung - - 2013
A simple strategy for enhancing the Raman spectral selectivity of complex mixture samples by measuring them in a frozen state at low temperatures has been demonstrated and proven to improve the accuracy for compositional analysis. For evaluation, the Raman spectra of synthetic hydrocarbon mixtures that were composed of eleven hydrocarbons ...
Hirabayashi Yu - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) throughout the clinical course of Kawasaki disease (KD) and correlations with response to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy. Participants comprised 18 patients who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for KD and 20 healthy subjects. Expressions of CD25 ...
Moerman Rada V - - 2013
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a systemic autoimmune disease, characterized by chronic inflammation of exocrine glands that results in development of xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis sicca. The disease activity of SS is not restricted to exocrine glands, and many other organs and organ systems can be involved. Diagnosis of SS in the ...
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