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Rühl Martin - - 2013
The litter-degrading dung fungus Coprinopsis cinerea has the high number of seventeen different laccase genes. In this work, ten different monokaryons were compared in their ability to produce laccases in two different complete media at different temperatures. Few strains showed laccase activity at the optimal growth temperature of 37 °C. Nine ...
Ndou S P - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to predict scaled feed intake (SFI) using the physico-chemical measurements of feed bulk, such that gut capacity can be estimated in weaner pigs. A basal feed with 13·7 MJ digestible energy and 180 g crude protein per kg DM was diluted to six inclusion levels ...
Xu Xiongwei - - 2013
Human mammaglobin (MG) has been found to be the most specific molecular marker for the hematogenous spread of breast cancer cells. In our study, an electrochemical impedance spectroscopic DNA biosensor was established for the detection of MG in breast cancer patients. The working conditions for the biosensor, such as immobilization ...
Grossmann Vera - - 2013
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive and heterogeneous disease. The diagnosis is predominantly based on immunophenotyping. In addition to known cytogenetic abnormalities molecular mutations were recently identified. Here, 90 adult T-ALL cases were investigated for mutations in NOTCH1, FBXW7, PHF6, CDKN2A, DNMT3A, FLT3, PTEN, and RUNX1 using 454 ...
Dawes Melissa A - - 2013
We evaluated the impacts of elevated CO(2) in a treeline ecosystem in the Swiss Alps in a 9-year free-air CO(2) enrichment (FACE) study. We present new data and synthesize plant and soil results from the entire experimental period. Light-saturated photosynthesis (A (max)) of ca. 35-year-old Larix decidua and Pinus uncinata ...
Kim Young Don - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine whether the levels of inflammatory mediators in gastric fluid (GF) of a premature newborn are associated with those in amniotic fluid (AF) of the newborn's mother. Patients: Twenty-three pairs of pregnant women and their premature newborns <35 weeks gestation, born by Cesarean sections. Methods: Amniotic fluids ...
Giussani Angelo - - 2013
The photoinduced mechanism leading to the formation of the thymine-thymine (6-4) photolesion has been studied by using the CASPT2//CASSCF approach over a dinucleotide model in vacuo. Following light absorption, localization of the excitation on a single thymine leads to fast singlet-triplet crossing that populates the triplet 3(nπ*) state of thymine. ...
Voigt Jan - - 2013
The activation of Ph(2)HSiSiHPh(2) and Me(3)SiSiMe(3) at [Pt(PEt(3))(3)] () yielded the products of oxidative addition. The formation of [Pt(SiHPh(2))(2)(PEt(3))(2)] () as a mixture of the cis and trans isomers appears to proceed quantitatively, whereas a conversion to give cis-[Pt(SiMe(3))(2)(PEt(3))(2)] () was not complete. Treatment of with one equivalent of H(2)SiPh(2) ...
McCormack Paul L - - 2013
Iobitridol is a water-soluble, non-ionic, monomeric, low-osmolar, iodine-based contrast medium in which the potential for interaction with membrane proteins in the body has been minimized by stable masking of the molecule's lipophilic tri-iodinated benzene ring. It is approved in various countries worldwide for use as an intravascular contrast medium in ...
Serpente Norberto - - 2013
In 1983, a bulky and profusely illustrated textbook on molecular and cell biology began to inhabit the shelves of university libraries worldwide. The effect of capturing the eyes and souls of biologists was immediate as the book provided them with a new and invigorating outlook on what cells are and ...
Rohini K - - 2013
Tuberculosis (TB), an epidemic disease, affects the world with death rate of two million people every year. The bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis was found to be a more potent and disease-prolonged bacterium among the world due to multi-drug resistance. Emergence of new drug targets is needed to overcome the bacterial resistance ...
Beatty Timothy Km - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: In the present analysis, we seek to establish a relationship between time spent on food-related activities and food security status as well as between time spent on these activities and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp Program) participation and benefit level. DESIGN: After matching similar ...
Syed Alishbah - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness worldwide, and is particularly common in low- and middle-income countries. Our study aims to identify the predictors for and barriers to acceptance of cataract surgery in Kenya, Bangladesh and the Philippines. Methods: Cases were individuals aged ≥50 years and with best ...
Al-Bakri A G - - 2013
SUMMARY The prevalence of natural carriage and molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MR-CoNS) isolates in a Jordanian community were investigated. The MRSA nasal carriage rate in 227 healthy volunteers was 7·5% and the majority (81%) of MRSA harboured the resistance element SCCmec type IVe ...
Ng Soo Khai - - 2013
Unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy is a rare disease affecting young healthy patients resulting in moderate to severe unilateral visual loss preceded by prodromal flu-like illness. We present a case of delayed presentation of unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy associated with hand, foot and mouth disease.
González-Béjar María - - 2013
Surface plasmon excitation of gold nanoparticles on ZnO in the presence of an aldehyde, an amine and phenylacetylene led to rapid and selective formation of propargylamines with good yields (50-95%) at room temperature. Plasmon mediated catalysis is the best available route for this ternary coupling.
Song Yang - - 2013
We demonstrate the manipulation of viscous all-aqueous jets by electrical charging. At sufficiently high voltages, the folding of an uncharged viscous jet is suppressed, and the jet diameter can be adjusted by varying the applied voltage or the fluid flow rates. This inspires new ways to fabricate biocompatible fibers.
Huss Anke - - 2013
It has been shown that magnetic field exposure in apartments located directly on top or adjacent to transformer rooms is higher compared with exposure in apartments located further away from the transformer rooms. It is unclear whether this also translates into exposure contrast among individuals living in these apartments. We ...
Papadia Andrea - - 2013
PURPOSE: Surgical cytoreduction remains a cornerstone in the management of patients with advanced and recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Diaphragm involvement is a common site of metastases and represents a major limit in the achievement of an optimal cytoreduction. The purpose of this manuscript is to discuss the rationale of ...
Qiao Jixin - - 2013
A novel bead injection (BI) extraction chromatographic microflow system exploiting high-capacity lab-on-valve (LOV) platform coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric detection is developed for rapid and automated determination of plutonium in human urine. A microconduit (1 mL) incorporated within the LOV processing unit is loaded on-line with a metered ...
Bojan R Vilma - - 2013
Complex [Au{4-C(6)F(4)(4-C(6)BrF(4))}(tht)] reacts with diphosphines (L-L) such as bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (dppm) or 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)benzene (dppb) in a 2 : 1 molar ratio in dichloromethane, leading to neutral products of stoichiometry [(Au{4-C(6)F(4)(4-C(6)BrF(4))})(2)(μ-L-L)] (L-L = dppm (), dppb ()). In the crystal structure of complex short AuAu interactions of 2.9367(5) and 2.9521(5) Å appear. This complex ...
Kulkarni Ketan Prasad - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of childhood neuroblastoma in India over the last 2 decades, identify management lacunae and suggest remedial measures. METHODS: A comprehensive search to identify literature addressing outcome of childhood neuroblastoma from India was performed. International Society of Paediatric Oncology and American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual-Meeting ...
Mainini Veronica - - 2013
MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) is a unique technology to explore the spatial distribution of biomolecules directly on tissues. It allows the in situ investigation of a large number of small proteins and peptides. Detection of high molecular weight proteins through MALDI IMS still represents an important challenge, as it ...
Bartels Lars E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In Crohn's disease (CrD), vitamin D may help to balance an exaggerated immune response and thereby improve the disease course. The immunomodulating effects depend on the activation of 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 (25-D3), into 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25-D3). This activation has previously been shown to take place in dendritic cells ...
Drabova Lucie - - 2013
In this study, levels of several groups of environmental contaminants represented by PAHs, PCBs, organochlorine pesticides and polybrominated diphenyl ethers were determined in various types of canned smoked and non-smoked fish and seafood products (54 samples) obtained from the Czech market. PAHs were detected in all of the studied samples, ...
Matallana-Ramirez Lilian P - - 2013
Senescence is a highly regulated process that involves the action of a large number of transcription factors. The NAC transcription factor ORE1 (ANAC092) has recently been shown to play a critical role in positively controlling senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana, however, no direct target gene through which it exerts its molecular ...
Kreth Simone - - 2013
Favorable outcome after chemotherapy of glioblastomas cannot unequivocally be linked to promoter hypermethylation of the O (6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene encoding a DNA repair enzyme associated with resistance to alkylating agents. This indicates that molecular mechanisms determining MGMT expression have not yet been fully elucidated. We here show that glioblastomas ...
Enger Shirin A - - 2013
The purpose of this work was to present the fundamental dosimetric characteristics of a hypothetical (153)Gd brachytherapy source using the AAPM TG-43U1 dose-calculation formalism. Gadolinium-153 is an intermediate-energy isotope that emits 40-100 keV photons with a half-life of 242 days. The rationale for considering (153)Gd as a brachytherapy source is for its ...
Kishimoto Yuichiro - - 2013
Aortic insufficiency (AI) is a serious complication for patients on long-term support with left ventricular assist devices (LVAD). Postoperative aortic valve opening is an important predictor of AI. A system is presently available that can promote native aortic flow by reducing rotational speed (RS) for defined intervals. However, this system ...
Sutterland Arjen L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal incidence studies of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) performed in mental health service organizations are prone to confounding factors not found in research performed in the general population. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence rates (IRs) over a 10-year period of SSD (broadly defined) and schizophrenia (narrowly defined) in the ...
Wainstock Tamar - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the association between prenatal maternal stress, preterm birth (PTB) and low birthweight (LBW). Methods: Forty-seven women exposed to life-threatening rocket attacks during pregnancy were compared to 78 un-exposed women. Women were interviewed within nine months of delivery regarding socio-demographic background, smoking and perceived level of stress ...
Kalay Salih - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We measured vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1(sVEGFR-1) concentrations in cord blood and tracheal aspirate fluid (TAF) in order to investigate the role of them in lung maturation and the severity of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm newborns, born to ...
Waaijer Cathelijn J F - - 2013
Multiple osteochondromas (MO) is a syndrome in which benign cartilage-capped neoplasms develop at the surface of the long bones. Most cases are caused by exonic changes in EXT1 or EXT2, but 15% are negative for these changes. Here we report for the first time a family of MO patients with ...
Al Mohajer Mayar - - 2013
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs) are the most common nosocomial infection worldwide. Prolonged catheterization is the most important risk factor for CA-UTIs. As is the case with all device-related infections, the biofilm plays a central role in the pathogenesis of CA-UTIs. The diagnosis is often difficult, given the lack of ...
Richards A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine pre-brushing saliva fluoride concentrations before and during a large, 3-year, prospective toothpaste study on the effect of post-brushing rinsing on dental caries. The aims were to study saliva fluoride over time and the effect of rinsing on saliva fluoride and to ...
Nakamoto Yuji - - 2013
PURPOSE: PET/CT using FDG has been widely used for the imaging of various malignant tumours, including plasma cell malignancy (PCM), but (11)C-methionine (MET), as a radiolabelled amino acid tracer, may also be useful because PCM is able to activate protein synthesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ...
Chen Cuie - - 2013
A novel light-operated vehicle for targeted intracellular drug delivery is constructed using photosensitizer-incorporated G-quadruplex DNA-capped mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Upon light irradiation, the photosensitizer generates ROS, causing the DNA capping to be cleaved and allowing cargo to be released. Importantly, this platform makes it possible to develop a drug-carrier system for ...
Sakai Yuji - - 2013
Background/Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) can be usefully and safely performed in elderly patients aged 80 years or older. Methodology: The eligible patients with pancreatic and biliary diseases who required EST were divided into two groups depending on their age: under 80 ...
Boerlage A S - - 2013
Fish-borne zoonotic trematodes (FZTs) can cause major human health problems. The aim of this study was to quantify the transmission of parapleurolophocercous cercariae to common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and to study the effect of the density of cercariae and the density of fish on transmission with respect to the volume ...
Baldwin Andrew J - - 2013
An analytical expression is derived for the rotating frame relaxation rate, R ( 1ρ ), of a spin exchanging between two sites with different transverse relaxation times. A number of limiting cases are examined, with the equation reducing to formulae derived previously under the assumption of equivalent relaxation rates at ...
Shiga Ney Tatizawa - - 2013
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the modality of choice for determining the extent of a primary bone tumor. This article will discuss the MRI techniques needed to accurately define the intramedullary extent of a bone sarcoma, emphasizing the need for non-contrast T1-weighted sequences and highlighting the role of chemical shift ...
Balalaie Saeed - - 2013
A three-component reaction of 3-formyl chromones, dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylate, and isocyanides in the presence of [Formula: see text] was used as a highly efficient and practical approach for the synthesis of 3-amino-5-chromenyl-butenolides. High yields and high bond forming efficiency, and simple operations are the advantages of this method. Graphical abstract.
Pawar Rahul S - - 2013
In addition to their widely recognized use as dietary supplement ingredients, plant-derived compounds are increasingly used as natural sweeteners. The search for nonnutritive sweeteners has been stimulated over the last 20-30 years by concern over demonstrated or suspected relationships between consumption of sucrose and high-fructose corn syrups and a variety of ...
Höiom Veronica - - 2013
Melanoma of the eye is a rare and distinct subtype of melanoma, which only rarely are familial. However, cases of uveal melanoma (UM) have been found in families with mixed cancer syndromes. Here, we describe a comprehensive search for inherited genetic variation in a family with multiple cases of UM ...
Petrovic Milorad - - 2013
Background/Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical reliability of the immunoscintigraphy with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies for the detection of metastases and recurrences of rectal carcinomas. Methodology: A total of 65 patients underwent immunoscintigraphy with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies. Indication for that examination was suspicious rectal cancer or ...
Verma Malkhey - - 2013
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disease resulting from an aberrant BCR.ABL gene and protein. To predict BCR.ABL protein abundance and phosphorylation in individual cells in a population of CML cells, we modelled BCR.ABL protein regulation through associated miRNAs using a systems approach. The model rationalizes the level ...
Pranzatelli Michael R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To study the role of Th(2)-attracting chemokines in opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS), a serious neurological paraneoplastic disorder in need of better immunological understanding and therapy. METHODS: The CCR4 agonists CCL22 and CCL17 were measured in serum by ELISA in children with OMS (238 and 260, respectively), pediatric controls (115 and ...
Arend Christian - - 2013
Antiretroviral protease inhibitors are a class of important drugs that are used for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infections. Among those compounds, ritonavir is applied frequently in combination with other antiretroviral protease inhibitors, as it has been reported to boost their therapeutic efficiency. To test whether ritonavir affects the ...
Shen Mingyun - - 2013
Rho-associated protein kinases (ROCK1 and ROCK2) are promising targets for a number of diseases, including cardiovascular disorders, nervous system diseases, cancers, etc. Recently, we have successfully identified a ROCK1 inhibitor () with the triazine core. In order to gain a deeper insight into the microscopic binding of this inhibitor with ...
Wang Ting - - 2013
A novel functional material of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) grafting cellulose beads containing immobilized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is presented in this paper. The morphology was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Phenolphthalein probe molecule technique was used to detect the activity of the grafting β-CD, and the ...
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