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Zhao Qun - - 2013
SUMMARYWe report on a case of a 65-year-old Chinese male with locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma achieving pathological complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin (XELOX) regimen. He underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy, which revealed a 6x5cm gastric ulcer. Biopsy of gastric ulcer revealed adenocarcinoma. Further workups with abdominal enhancement computed tomography ...
Lennon Anne Marie - - 2013
Pancreatic cysts are being identified with increasing frequency due to a combination of increased awareness and more frequent use of cross sectional imaging. Cystic neoplasms of the pancreas range from completely benign to frankly malignant. Identifying pre-malignant cysts offers the opportunity to prevent the development of pancreatic cancer. This article ...
Scharnagel R - - 2013
Annually published data show a continual increase in the volume of opioid prescriptions in Germany, thus indicating an intensification of opioid therapy. The majority of opioids are prescribed to treat chronic non-cancer-related pain. On the basis of current guidelines, as well as in terms of the lack of data regarding ...
Pinto Luís Fernando Batista - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate visual precocity, muscling, conformation, skeletal, and breed scores; live weights at birth, at 205, and at 550 days of age; and, besides, rib eye area and fat thickness between the 12th and 13th ribs obtained by ultrasound. Those traits were evaluated in 1,645 Angus cattle kept ...
Reimer P - - 2013
The manuscript summarizes current approved contrast media and their indications. Contrast agents that are discussed include iodinated contrast agents, magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agents, and ultrasound contrast agents. Allergic and non-allergic renal adverse events are described. The clinical issue of metformin and the administration of contrast agents are updated. Nephrogenic ...
Mildenberger P - - 2013
The term integrating the healthcare enterprise (IHE) has been known for more than 10 years and provides an innovative approach to ensure interoperability based on a synthesis of different standards for defined scenarios. Acceptance and deployment are, however limited in Germany compared with other countries. In this article the basic ...
Kent Shia T - - 2013
Sunlight may be related to cognitive function through vitamin D metabolism or circadian rhythm regulation. The analysis presented here sought to test whether ground and satellite measures of solar radiation are associated with cognitive decline. The study used a 15-year residential history merged with satellite and ground monitor data to ...
Müller S - - 2013
The question which party bears the burden of proof has significant influence on the result of a medical liability process. The party that bears the burden of proof and cannot provide the proof loses the lawsuit. Particularly important in this context is an omitted medical examination. In the case of ...
Seemann M - - 2013
This article reports on a patient who needed intensive care treatment because of multiple trauma. The patient had no preexisting liver disease but developed secondary sclerosing cholangitis and finally died. The etiology, diagnosis and therapeutic options of this clinical picture are discussed and a review of the literature is presented.
Kaibori Masaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to clarify the clinicopathologic features of long-term disease-fee survival after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This retrospective study identified 940 patients who underwent curative resection of HCC between 1991 and 2000 at five university hospitals. Seventy-four patients with 10 years of recurrence-free survival were identified ...
Wilhelm M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The traditional surgical training in the operating room (OR) is often complemented by participation in workshops and on simulators. The foundation Vascular International offers basic courses for vascular surgery techniques with training on pulsatile circulation, lifelike anatomical models. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of ...
Jeon Jangyong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hepatic inflow clamping during hepatectomy introduces ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, and many authors regard the addition of caval occlusion as adding increased risk. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is one of the protective strategies employed to reduce I/R injury in animal experiments and limited clinical series. The aim of the present study ...
Dubecz A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The value of lymphadenectomy in most localized gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies is well established. Our objectives were to evaluate the time trends of lymphadenectomy in GI cancer and identify factors associated with inadequate lymphadenectomy in a large population-based sample. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results ...
Donatsky Anders Meller - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the treatment of choice for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. Despite the many advantages over open surgery, many patients complain about referred pain to the shoulder during the postoperative course. The purpose of this review was to evaluate different intraoperative surgical methods to minimize shoulder pain (SP). METHODS: ...
Gnecchi M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a surgical procedure which reduces the gastric volume causing a feeling of early fullness while decreasing hunger due to a reduced secretion of ghrelin. This leads to a considerable loss of body weight. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of ...
Stevenson Richard J - - 2013
It has been suggested that olfactory perception relies on a memory-based pattern-matching system. In this experiment, we tested a prediction derived from this approach, namely that representations of unfamiliar odors are less stable than those of familiar odors. Participants provided qualitative descriptions of odors either immediately after smelling them or ...
Sanders David L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The use of sterilized mosquito net as a cheaper alternative to commercial mesh used in hernia repair has previously been published. However, as no standards with regard to the material have been documented, we aimed to define the characteristics of a commonly available and low-cost mosquito net, which has ...
Hayashi Naoki - - 2013
Pseudomonas aeruginosa can penetrate the extracellular mucin barrier formed by the intestinal epithelial cell layer and establish gut-derived sepsis in immunocompromised patients. We found that two efficient mechanisms, flagellar motility and mucin degradation, are needed for penetration of P. aeruginosa through the mucin barrier. Deletion of the flagellar motility-related gene, ...
Wang Wei - - 2013
Toxic-shock-syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1), a superantigen, can stimulate T cell activation and be used for immunotherapy. In this study, we employed the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-positive LoVo cells to test whether retrovirus-mediated TSST-1 expression could activate human T cells and promote cytotoxicity against tumor cells. We first generated plasmids of pLEGFP-N1-5HRE-CEAp-TSST-1-linker-CD80TM containing ...
Suláková Terezie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of hypertension (HTN)/normotension (NT) on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is usually based on systolic (SBP) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP). The goal of this study was to analyze whether inclusion of mean arterial pressure (MAP) improves the detection of HTN on ABPM. METHODS: We retrospectively studied ...
de Vecchi A - - 2013
Cardiac diseases represent one of the primary causes of mortality and result in a substantial decrease in quality of life. Optimal surgical planning and long-term treatment are crucial for a successful and cost-effective patient care. Recently developed state-of-the-art imaging techniques supply a wealth of detailed data to support diagnosis. This ...
Margarido Clarita B CB Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. - - 2013
The epidural electrical stimulation test (EEST) is a highly specific and sensitive test for confirming placement of the epidural catheter in the epidural space. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the EEST could predict the spread and consumption of local anesthetic solutions during labour epidural analgesia. This ...
Gharaibeh Shadi F SF College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, - - 2013
Displacement (D) vs. force (F) profiles obtained during compaction of powders have been reported by several researchers. These profiles are usually used to obtain mechanical energies associated with the compaction of powders. In this work, we obtained displacement-force data associated with the compression of six powders; Avicel PH101, Avicel PH301, ...
Fields Jerel J Department of Pathology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2013
Aged (>50 years old) human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients are the fastest-growing segment of the HIV-infected population in the USA and despite antiretroviral therapy, HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) prevalence has increased or remained the same among this group. Autophagy is an intracellular clearance pathway for aggregated proteins and aged organelles; ...
Nilsson E E Department of Physiology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, PO Box 432, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden. - - 2013
To investigate the effects on evoked thalamic neuronal activity of application of notochordal cells and chondrocyte-like cells derived from nucleus pulposus (NP) onto a dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and to compare these effects with a previously reported increased thalamic activity induced by NP. Nucleus pulposus was harvested from tail discs ...
Zhang Jun - - 2013
Unique nanocomposites of polypyrrole/Au and polypyrrole/Pt hybrid nanotubes are synthesized employing polypyrrole (PPy) nanotubes as an advanced support by solution reduction. The conducting polymer PPy nanotubes are fabricated by using pre-prepared MnO(2) nanowires as the reactive templates. MnO(2) nanowires induce the 1D polymerization of pyrrole monomers and the simultaneous dissolution ...
Maekawa Masahiko - - 2013
The reaction of Cu(ClO(4))·6H(2)O, Cu turnings, and 3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (bptz) in Me(2)CO under C(2)H(4) afforded brownish-red needle crystals of {[Cu(2)(bptz˙(-))(C(2)H(4))(2)](ClO(4))}(2) () as a minor product and brown plate crystals of [Cu(2)(2,5-H(2)bptz)(C(2)H(4))(2)](ClO(4))(2)·2Me(2)CO (). The X-ray crystallographic study showed that complex is composed of two independent [Cu(2)(bptz˙(-))(C(2)H(4))(2)](+) cation moieties and two ClO(4)(-) anions. ...
Hedl M - - 2013
At mucosal surfaces, phagocytes such as macrophages coexist with microbial communities; highly controlled regulation of these interactions is essential for immune homeostasis. Pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) are critical in recognizing and responding to microbial products, and they are subject to negative regulation through various mechanisms, including downregulation of PRR-activating components or ...
Seto Yasuo - - 2013
A new method for sensitively and selectively detecting chemical warfare agents (CWAs) in air was developed using counter-flow introduction atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (MS). Four volatile and highly toxic CWAs were examined, including the nerve gases sarin and tabun, and the blister agents mustard gas (HD) and Lewisite ...
Cantley Melissa D - - 2013
Inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDAC) is emerging as a novel approach to treat a variety of diseases. Recently, broad acting inhibitors of HDAC have been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. It is significant that these anti-inflammatory effects are observed at 10-100 fold lower concentrations ...
Dimitrov B D - - 2013
SUMMARY Data on the dynamics of malaria incidence, admissions and mortality and their best possible description are very important to better forecast and assess the implementation of programmes to register, monitor (e.g. by remote sensing) and control the disease, especially in endemic zones. Semi-annual and seasonal cycles in malaria rates ...
Chauhan Urmila - - 2013
Myoclonic jerks presenting with fever have only rarely been reported and have often been misdiagnosed as febrile seizures. The presentation may be dramatic enough to provoke unnecessary investigation and treatment. Considering the benign nature of this condition, it is important that the condition is recognized by the physician so that ...
Niederle Norbert - - 2013
Bendamustine demonstrated clinical activity in pre-treated hematological malignancies due to its unique mechanism of action distinct from standard alkylating agents. This study assessed its efficacy in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia pre-treated with an alkylator, in comparison to fludarabine. Patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia requiring treatment after one previous ...
Diffey Brian L - - 2013
A mathematical model is described for estimating changes in plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels throughout the year as a consequence of varying the oral intake of vitamin D and the behaviour outdoors of white British adults resident in different regions of the UK. The model yields seasonal and geographical patterns ...
Yu Ge - - 2013
At present, most estuarine ecological risk studies are based on terrestrial ecosystem models, which ignore spatial heterogeneity. The Daliao River estuary has representative characteristics of many estuaries in China, and we used this estuary as the study area to formulate an estuarine ecological risk evaluation model. Targeting the estuary's special ...
Wang Hai-Yan - - 2013
SP1 protein as a new type of biological nanopore is described and is utilized to distinguish single-stranded DNA at the single-molecule level. Using the SP1 nanopore to investigate single molecule detection broadens the existing research areas of pore-forming biomaterials from unsymmetrical biological nanopores to symmetrical biological nanopores. This novel nanopore ...
Orive Joseba - - 2013
Four novel amine templated open-framework vanadium(iii) phosphites with the formula (C(5)N(2)H(14))(0.5)[V(H(2)O)(HPO(3))(2)], (C(5)N(2)H(14) = 2-methylpiperazinium), and (L)(4-x)(H(3)O)(x)[V(9)(H(2)O)(6)(HPO(3))(14-y)(HPO(4))(y)(H(2)PO(3))(3-z)(H(2)PO(4))(z)]·nH(2)O (, L = cyclopentylammonium, x = 0, y = 3.5, z = 3, n = 0; , L = cyclohexylammonium, x = 1, y = 0, z = 0.6, n = 2.33; , L ...
Marjanovic E J - - 2013
The study examined if women with osteoporosis were at increased risk of periodontal disease. Three hundred eighty females aged 45-65 years with recent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans of the spine and proximal femur agreed to a dental examination. No association was established between the presence of severe periodontal disease and ...
Schönbrodt-Stitt Sarah - - 2013
In densely populated countries like China, clean water is one of the most challenging issues of prospective politics and environmental planning. Water pollution and eutrophication by excessive input of nitrogen and phosphorous from nonpoint sources is mostly linked to soil erosion from agricultural land. In order to prevent such water ...
Honeychurch Jamie - - 2013
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to assess the immunogenic potential of irradiated lymphoma cells in vivo and determine whether immunogenicity can be enhanced by modulation of the host immune system. Syngeneic murine lymphoma models irradiated ex vivo were used as an orthotopic cellular vaccination prior to challenge with ...
Jacques T A - - 2013
Background: The authors present a case of diffuse fatty infiltration of the thyroid gland with coexistent deposition of amyloid protein. Method: A case history and brief literature review concerning amyloid goitre and fatty infiltration of the thyroid are presented, and the relationship between these two phenomena is discussed. Results: A ...
Bae Jeong Mo - - 2013
DNA methylation is one of the key mechanisms of epigenetic modification, and genome-wide hypomethylation and CpG island hypermethylation are characteristics of cancer cells. The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is a distinctive subtype of colorectal cancers (CRCs) that show concordant hypermethylation of numerous promoter CpG island loci. CIMP-positive CRCs are ...
Muhire Brejnev - - 2013
Recent advances in the ease with which the genomes of small circular single-stranded DNA viruses can be amplified, cloned, and sequenced have greatly accelerated the rate at which full genome sequences of mastreviruses (family Geminiviridae, genus Mastrevirus) are being deposited in public sequence databases. Although guidelines currently exist for species-level ...
Xia Yan - - 2013
To perform in vivo animal single photon emission computed tomography imaging on a stationary detector gantry, we introduced a hybrid rotation-translation (HRT) tomographic scan, a combination of translational and limited angle rotational movements of the image object, to minimize gravity-induced animal motion. To quantitatively assess the performance of ten HRT ...
Gao Dan - - 2013
In this study, an integrated microfluidic device was developed for drug permeability assays with real-time online detection by a directly coupled mass spectrometer. The integrated microfluidic device contained two independent channels sandwiched by a semipermeable polycarbonate membrane for cell culture, and micro solid-phase extraction (SPE) columns for sample clean-up and ...
Nho Hyun Woo - - 2013
Here, we report an enhanced separation of colloidal particles using a novel type AsPFF (asymmetric pinched flow fractionation) device with two additional features (t-AsPFF-v). Particularly, by adding a tilted sidewall and vertical focusing channels to the conventional AsPFF device, a significant enhancement in the separation resolution (R(m,n)) has been achieved, ...
Cohen J F - - 2013
We aimed to assess the independent effect of clinical spectrum, bacterial inoculum size and physician characteristics on the sensitivity of a rapid antigen detection test (RADT) for group A streptococcus (GAS) in children. Double throat swabs were collected from 1,482 children with pharyngitis and 294 asymptomatic children in a French ...
Astbury Nerys M - - 2013
Previous studies have reported that polydextrose can reduce food intake; however, the optimal dose required to achieve this effect is currently unknown. The present study investigated the effects of consuming a range of doses of polydextrose on appetite and energy intake (EI) using a randomised within-subject, cross-over design. For this ...
Farrell S M J - - 2013
Applanation tonometry is widely performed as the most accurate method of measuring intraocular pressure in the clinical setting. Disposable tonometer heads reduce the risk of transmitting infection during applanation and eliminate tonometer head cleaning, which is time-consuming. We performed a study to investigate whether the Tonojet disposable tonometer (Luneau, France) ...
Zou Chan-Juan - - 2013
The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in China is high. Four percent of patients with HBV infection can present with polyarthritis and positive rheumatic factor similar to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, we investigated the association between HBV infection and serological, radiological, or histological disease status in RA. ...
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