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Weiland Timo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Reliable closure is a prerequisite for conventional and innovative endoscopic procedures, such as NOTES. The purpose of this study is the systematic evaluation of the procedural and clinical success rates in closure of iatrogenic gastrointestinal perforations and acute anastomotic leaks by means of the over-the-scope-clip system (OTSC(®)). DESIGN: PubMed ...
Lennon Anne Marie - - 2013
Pancreatic cysts are being identified with increasing frequency due to a combination of increased awareness and more frequent use of cross sectional imaging. Cystic neoplasms of the pancreas range from completely benign to frankly malignant. Identifying pre-malignant cysts offers the opportunity to prevent the development of pancreatic cancer. This article ...
Kent Shia T - - 2013
Sunlight may be related to cognitive function through vitamin D metabolism or circadian rhythm regulation. The analysis presented here sought to test whether ground and satellite measures of solar radiation are associated with cognitive decline. The study used a 15-year residential history merged with satellite and ground monitor data to ...
Madersbacher S - - 2013
The pathophysiology of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is multifactorial. The fact that none of the available drugs impacts on more than one of these pathomechanisms, provides the rationale for combined medical treatment strategies. The combination of α-blocker and a 5-reductase inhibitor is recommended by all major benign prostate hyperplasia ...
Scharnagel R - - 2013
Annually published data show a continual increase in the volume of opioid prescriptions in Germany, thus indicating an intensification of opioid therapy. The majority of opioids are prescribed to treat chronic non-cancer-related pain. On the basis of current guidelines, as well as in terms of the lack of data regarding ...
Pinto Luís Fernando Batista - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate visual precocity, muscling, conformation, skeletal, and breed scores; live weights at birth, at 205, and at 550 days of age; and, besides, rib eye area and fat thickness between the 12th and 13th ribs obtained by ultrasound. Those traits were evaluated in 1,645 Angus cattle kept ...
Müller S - - 2013
The question which party bears the burden of proof has significant influence on the result of a medical liability process. The party that bears the burden of proof and cannot provide the proof loses the lawsuit. Particularly important in this context is an omitted medical examination. In the case of ...
Kaibori Masaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to clarify the clinicopathologic features of long-term disease-fee survival after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This retrospective study identified 940 patients who underwent curative resection of HCC between 1991 and 2000 at five university hospitals. Seventy-four patients with 10 years of recurrence-free survival were identified ...
Seemann M - - 2013
This article reports on a patient who needed intensive care treatment because of multiple trauma. The patient had no preexisting liver disease but developed secondary sclerosing cholangitis and finally died. The etiology, diagnosis and therapeutic options of this clinical picture are discussed and a review of the literature is presented.
Wilhelm M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The traditional surgical training in the operating room (OR) is often complemented by participation in workshops and on simulators. The foundation Vascular International offers basic courses for vascular surgery techniques with training on pulsatile circulation, lifelike anatomical models. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of ...
Nilsson E E Department of Physiology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, PO Box 432, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden. - - 2013
To investigate the effects on evoked thalamic neuronal activity of application of notochordal cells and chondrocyte-like cells derived from nucleus pulposus (NP) onto a dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and to compare these effects with a previously reported increased thalamic activity induced by NP. Nucleus pulposus was harvested from tail discs ...
Zhao Qun - - 2013
SUMMARYWe report on a case of a 65-year-old Chinese male with locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma achieving pathological complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin (XELOX) regimen. He underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy, which revealed a 6x5cm gastric ulcer. Biopsy of gastric ulcer revealed adenocarcinoma. Further workups with abdominal enhancement computed tomography ...
Simon A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the subjective quality of life in elderly people in nursing homes following the group-living principle. METHODS: The Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) was employed. A comparison with the German representative subsample of elderly living independently age-group over 75 was conducted. Psychometric properties ...
Hayashi Naoki - - 2013
Pseudomonas aeruginosa can penetrate the extracellular mucin barrier formed by the intestinal epithelial cell layer and establish gut-derived sepsis in immunocompromised patients. We found that two efficient mechanisms, flagellar motility and mucin degradation, are needed for penetration of P. aeruginosa through the mucin barrier. Deletion of the flagellar motility-related gene, ...
Wang Wei - - 2013
Toxic-shock-syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1), a superantigen, can stimulate T cell activation and be used for immunotherapy. In this study, we employed the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-positive LoVo cells to test whether retrovirus-mediated TSST-1 expression could activate human T cells and promote cytotoxicity against tumor cells. We first generated plasmids of pLEGFP-N1-5HRE-CEAp-TSST-1-linker-CD80TM containing ...
Dubecz A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The value of lymphadenectomy in most localized gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies is well established. Our objectives were to evaluate the time trends of lymphadenectomy in GI cancer and identify factors associated with inadequate lymphadenectomy in a large population-based sample. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results ...
Reimer P - - 2013
The manuscript summarizes current approved contrast media and their indications. Contrast agents that are discussed include iodinated contrast agents, magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agents, and ultrasound contrast agents. Allergic and non-allergic renal adverse events are described. The clinical issue of metformin and the administration of contrast agents are updated. Nephrogenic ...
Mildenberger P - - 2013
The term integrating the healthcare enterprise (IHE) has been known for more than 10 years and provides an innovative approach to ensure interoperability based on a synthesis of different standards for defined scenarios. Acceptance and deployment are, however limited in Germany compared with other countries. In this article the basic ...
Suláková Terezie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of hypertension (HTN)/normotension (NT) on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is usually based on systolic (SBP) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP). The goal of this study was to analyze whether inclusion of mean arterial pressure (MAP) improves the detection of HTN on ABPM. METHODS: We retrospectively studied ...
de Vecchi A - - 2013
Cardiac diseases represent one of the primary causes of mortality and result in a substantial decrease in quality of life. Optimal surgical planning and long-term treatment are crucial for a successful and cost-effective patient care. Recently developed state-of-the-art imaging techniques supply a wealth of detailed data to support diagnosis. This ...
Pucher Philip H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Management of the acute trauma patient is complex, with potential for error and adverse events. Avoidable injuries and deaths are not well understood. Analysis of error incidence, type, and severity can aid in greater understanding of the root causes and guide future development of error reduction strategies. METHODS: Weekly ...
Jeon Jangyong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hepatic inflow clamping during hepatectomy introduces ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, and many authors regard the addition of caval occlusion as adding increased risk. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is one of the protective strategies employed to reduce I/R injury in animal experiments and limited clinical series. The aim of the present study ...
Gharaibeh Shadi F SF College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, - - 2013
Displacement (D) vs. force (F) profiles obtained during compaction of powders have been reported by several researchers. These profiles are usually used to obtain mechanical energies associated with the compaction of powders. In this work, we obtained displacement-force data associated with the compression of six powders; Avicel PH101, Avicel PH301, ...
Fields Jerel J Department of Pathology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2013
Aged (>50 years old) human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients are the fastest-growing segment of the HIV-infected population in the USA and despite antiretroviral therapy, HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) prevalence has increased or remained the same among this group. Autophagy is an intracellular clearance pathway for aggregated proteins and aged organelles; ...
Mekahli Djalila - - 2013
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common monogenic cause of kidney failure. It is a systemic disorder, not only affecting the kidneys, but also associated with cyst formation in other organs such as the liver, spleen, pancreas, and seminal vesicles. Other extra-renal symptoms may consist of intracranial ...
Markar Sheraz R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The presence of mixed evidence about the value of lymphadenectomy in gastric cancer surgery coupled with the difference in patients' demographics and tumor stage between the West and East have doubted the needs to standardize surgical techniques in Western clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to compare ...
Stevenson Richard J - - 2013
It has been suggested that olfactory perception relies on a memory-based pattern-matching system. In this experiment, we tested a prediction derived from this approach, namely that representations of unfamiliar odors are less stable than those of familiar odors. Participants provided qualitative descriptions of odors either immediately after smelling them or ...
Sanders David L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The use of sterilized mosquito net as a cheaper alternative to commercial mesh used in hernia repair has previously been published. However, as no standards with regard to the material have been documented, we aimed to define the characteristics of a commonly available and low-cost mosquito net, which has ...
Donatsky Anders Meller - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the treatment of choice for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. Despite the many advantages over open surgery, many patients complain about referred pain to the shoulder during the postoperative course. The purpose of this review was to evaluate different intraoperative surgical methods to minimize shoulder pain (SP). METHODS: ...
Gnecchi M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a surgical procedure which reduces the gastric volume causing a feeling of early fullness while decreasing hunger due to a reduced secretion of ghrelin. This leads to a considerable loss of body weight. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of ...
T Jagric - - 2013
Background/Aims: A specific preoperative work-up was used to access a limited number of high-risk lymph nodes with RT-qPCR for micrometastatic sentinel lymph node involvement. We validated our protocol with IHC screening for micrometastases and long-term survival analysis. Methodology: From the 32 patients included 22 were node-negative patients. With a specific ...
Wojtkiewicz S - - 2013
A new method for the estimation of the light scattering phase function of particles is presented. The method allows us to measure the light scattering phase function of particles of any shape in the full angular range (0°-180°) and is based on the analysis of laser Doppler (LD) power density ...
Shen Quanli - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is frequently misdiagnosed as pulmonary disease and without operative correction early death is common. It is important to make a correct diagnosis before surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the chest radiographic features of obstructed TAPVC and compare ...
Ahmed Md Ejaz - - 2013
Oxidative stress is a critical contributing factor to age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Therefore, the inhibition of oxidative damage, responsible for chronic detrimental neurodegeneration, is an important strategy for neuroprotective therapy. Withania somnifera (WS) extract has been reported to have potent antioxidant and free radical quenching properties in various disease conditions. The ...
Janáky Csaba - - 2013
In this topical review, progress achieved in amperometric sensing of different analytes over conducting polymer-based hybrid electrocatalysts is summarized. We report a variety of synthetic methods and the resulting hybrid assemblies, with the effectiveness of such strategies, for designing conjugated polymer-based hybrids as robust sensors for amperometric detection. Beyond incorporation ...
Ponsford Jennie - - 2013
The present study aimed to examine the association between frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption and cognitive functioning following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Sixty moderately to severely injured individuals had completed the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to measure preinjury alcohol use soon after injury and were recruited and ...
Galioto Rachel M - - 2013
ABSTRACT Obesity is an established risk factor for cognitive impairment. Theories of cognitive reserve suggest that premorbid factors, such as intellectual ability, may attenuate the expression of cognitive impairment due to age or disease. The current study examined whether cognitive reserve, defined as estimated premorbid intellectual ability, moderates the relationship ...
Larner F - - 2013
Disordered copper metabolism may be important in the aetiology of Parkinsonism, as caeruloplasmin is a key enzyme in handling oxidative stress and is involved in the synthesis pathway of dopamine. The human Cu metabolism of ten Parkinsonism patients was compared to ten healthy controls with the aid of a stable ...
Ng Soo Khai - - 2013
Unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy is a rare disease affecting young healthy patients resulting in moderate to severe unilateral visual loss preceded by prodromal flu-like illness. We present a case of delayed presentation of unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy associated with hand, foot and mouth disease.
González-Béjar María - - 2013
Surface plasmon excitation of gold nanoparticles on ZnO in the presence of an aldehyde, an amine and phenylacetylene led to rapid and selective formation of propargylamines with good yields (50-95%) at room temperature. Plasmon mediated catalysis is the best available route for this ternary coupling.
Song Yang - - 2013
We demonstrate the manipulation of viscous all-aqueous jets by electrical charging. At sufficiently high voltages, the folding of an uncharged viscous jet is suppressed, and the jet diameter can be adjusted by varying the applied voltage or the fluid flow rates. This inspires new ways to fabricate biocompatible fibers.
Huss Anke - - 2013
It has been shown that magnetic field exposure in apartments located directly on top or adjacent to transformer rooms is higher compared with exposure in apartments located further away from the transformer rooms. It is unclear whether this also translates into exposure contrast among individuals living in these apartments. We ...
Papadia Andrea - - 2013
PURPOSE: Surgical cytoreduction remains a cornerstone in the management of patients with advanced and recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Diaphragm involvement is a common site of metastases and represents a major limit in the achievement of an optimal cytoreduction. The purpose of this manuscript is to discuss the rationale of ...
Rogers C D - - 2013
Wheat bulb fly (WBF, Delia coarctata, Fallén, Diptera: Anthomyiidae) is a pest of commercial importance in wheat, barley and rye, with attacked crops failing to produce full potential yields. Females do not oviposit in association with a host-plant; therefore, prompt location of a suitable host is critical to the survival ...
Goletzke Janina - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with insulin resistance and obesity. Hence, carbohydrate quality could be of relevance to the risk of NAFLD, but prospective data are lacking. The aim of the present study was to investigate longitudinal associations between carbohydrate quality (including dietary glycaemic index (GI) and ...
Li Xiao-Ping - - 2013
Trans fatty acids (TFA) have been considered as an independent risk factor of coronary heart disease, sudden death and insulin-resistance, and different TFA isomers may have different effects on the progression of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of two major ...
Rodrigues Telini Lidiane Silva - - 2013
PURPOSE: Accumulating evidence suggests an association between body volume overload and inflammation in chronic kidney diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary sodium reduction in body fluid volume, blood pressure (BP), and inflammatory state in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: In this prospective controlled study, ...
Rühl Martin - - 2013
The litter-degrading dung fungus Coprinopsis cinerea has the high number of seventeen different laccase genes. In this work, ten different monokaryons were compared in their ability to produce laccases in two different complete media at different temperatures. Few strains showed laccase activity at the optimal growth temperature of 37 °C. Nine ...
Ndou S P - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to predict scaled feed intake (SFI) using the physico-chemical measurements of feed bulk, such that gut capacity can be estimated in weaner pigs. A basal feed with 13·7 MJ digestible energy and 180 g crude protein per kg DM was diluted to six inclusion levels ...
Xu Xiongwei - - 2013
Human mammaglobin (MG) has been found to be the most specific molecular marker for the hematogenous spread of breast cancer cells. In our study, an electrochemical impedance spectroscopic DNA biosensor was established for the detection of MG in breast cancer patients. The working conditions for the biosensor, such as immobilization ...
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