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Results 101 - 150 of 2592
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Güth U - - 2013
We evaluated the impact of staging procedures to detect asymptomatic distant metastases (DM) in the management of women with operable invasive breast cancer (BC, entire cohort: n = 866). Out of 472 patients with lymph node (LN)-negative disease (pN0), DM were found in four cases (detection rate: 0.8%). All four ...
Sohn Yu-Mee - - 2013
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical factors and sonographic features of benign papillomas of the breast proven by sonographically guided 14-gauge core needle biopsy and their upgrade or malignancy rate after sonographically guided vacuum-assisted excision or surgical excision. Methods We reviewed the medical records of ...
Stiles Robert J RJ Department of Immunology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2013
Timed matings of mice are often carried out to obtain offspring of a precise age when required for a study. Timed matings involve housing male and female mice together for a limited time period, typically overnight. A limitation of this practice is that many mouse pairs fail to mate during ...
Søgaard Rikke - - 2013
Aims: The (cost-)effectiveness of a screening programme may be strongly influenced by the participation rate. The objective of this study was to compare participants' and non-participants' motives for the attendance decision as well as their overall preferences for participation in cardiovascular disease screening. Methods: This study sampled 1053 participants and ...
Velayutham Kanayairam - - 2013
To investigate the larvicidal activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) utilizing aqueous bark extract of Ficus racemosa (F. racemosa) was tested against fourth instar larvae of filariasis vector, Culex quinquefasciatus (Cx. quinquefasciatus) and japanese encephalitis vectors, Culex gelidus (Cx. gelidus). The synthesized Ag NPs was characterized by UV-vis spectrum, ...
Perfecto Ivette - - 2013
Competition has been recognized as a major organizing process in ant communities, with ant communities frequently forming spatial mosaics of dominant species associated with subdominants. Often, species exhibit tradeoffs in their ability to discover versus dominate resources, suggesting a mechanism for coexistence. Here we describe spatial patterns of dominant ants ...
- - 2013
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) Bioeffects Committee provides information to the AIUM membership on issues pertaining to the biological effects of ultrasound, especially when these issues relate to the safety of clinical ultrasound. A primary responsibility of the committee is to evaluate research reports on biological effects. ...
Jose Gilbert G - - 2013
To test the in vivo activity of a peptide derived from the protein transducing domain of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Tat protein, TAT-Cd°, in a murine herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1) keratitis model. the efficacy of TAT-CD° was assessed in a postinfection treatment model with different concentrations (1 mg/mL, ...
Hu Kai - - 2013
A 25,27-bis(l-phenylalaninemethylester-N-carbonylmethoxy)-26,28-dihydroxy- para-tert-butylcalix[4]arene-bonded silica gel stationary phase was synthesized, structurally characterized and used for LC. Its separation mechanism was studied and compared with octadecyl-bonded stationary phase, as well as our previously prepared para-tert-butylcalix[4]arene-1,2-crown-4 stationary phase. Meanwhile, the chromatographic behaviors were investigated by using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, monosubstituted benzenes, anilines, phenols, ...
Ha Pin - - 2013
To obtain descriptive information of behavioral pattern in Chinese school-aged children with cleft lip and palate. A total of 93 cleft lip and palate patients between the age of 6-11 year-old and treated at West China Stomatology Hospital were selected. And another 100 unaffected controls, matched for age and gender, ...
Daane Kent M - - 2013
Habrobracon gelechiae Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) was studied as a parasitoid of the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in California pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) orchards. Ovipositional behavior, adult longevity and fecundity, and the effects of temperature on developmental time and survival were determined. Habrobracon gelechiae develops as a gregarious, ...
Wu Lina - - 2013
Arginine is a nonessential amino acid for humans and mice because it can be synthesized from citrulline by argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS) and argininosuccinate lyase. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is believed to be auxotrophic for arginine through the lack of expression of ASS. However, there are also some ASS-positive HCC cells. Therefore, ...
Asenbaum U - - 2013
Evaluation and confirmation of fetal pathologies previously suspected or diagnosed with ultrasound. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Technique for prenatal fetal examination. Fetal MRI is an established supplementary technique to prenatal ultrasound. Fetal MRI should only be used as an additional method in prenatal diagnostics and not for routine ...
Sigmon Elisha - - 2013
Arthropod communities in an array of temperate ecosystems follow similar phenological patterns of distinct compositional turnovers during the course of a season. The arthropod community inhabiting leaf ties is no exception. Many caterpillars build leaf ties, shelters between overlapping leaves attached together with silk, which are colonized secondarily by a ...
Eggen Anne Elise - - 2013
To provide a synopsis of the sixth survey of the Tromsø Study, Tromsø 6, objectives and new target areas, study design, follow-up studies, data collection, attendance, and participant characteristics. The Tromsø Study, initiated in 1974, is an epidemiological, prospective study of health conditions and chronic diseases, and a resource for ...
Haeseleer Françoise - - 2013
CaBP4 is a neuronal Ca(2+)-binding protein that is expressed in the retina and in the cochlea, and is essential for normal photoreceptor synaptic function. CaBP4 is phosphorylated by protein kinase C zeta (PKCζ) in the retina at serine 37, which affects its interaction with and modulation of voltage-gated Ca(v)1 Ca(2+) ...
Guo Zi-Yi - - 2013
To evaluate the influence of high-resolution imaging obtainable with the higher field strength of 3.0 T on the visualization of the brain nerves in the posterior fossa. In total, 20 nerves were investigated on MRI of 12 volunteers each and selected for comparison, respectively, with the FSE sequences with 5 ...
Nair Sreelaja - - 2013
In animals, females deposit gene products into developing oocytes, which drive early cellular events in embryos immediately after fertilization. As maternal gene products are present before fertilization, the functional manipulation of maternal genes is often challenging to implement, requiring gene expression or targeting during oogenesis. Maternal expression can be achieved ...
Cui Jun-Wei - - 2013
To explore the expression of Annexin II and its relationship with the cell differentiation, proliferation in lung cancer. RT-PCR and Western blot assays were used to detect the expression of Annexin II in lung cancer tissues and cell lines. Annexin II was significantly up-regulated in lung cancer tissues, and in ...
Firlej Annabelle - - 2013
In recent years, the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, has become the most important exotic pest of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill, in North America. Given the significant yield losses that are reported, considerable effort has been expended to characterize the natural enemy community associated with this pest. Several indigenous ...
Umazume Kazuhiko - - 2013
We tested the efficacy of dasatinib, a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved tyrosine kinase inhibitor, to prevent proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). The effect of dasatinib on RPE sheet growth was determined by measuring enlargement of cultured RPE sheets in the presence or absence of dasatinib. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of RPE cells ...
Sánchez V - - 2013
Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) is an introduced invasive pest with the potential to devastate hardwood forests in North America. Using artificial pupal chambers, we documented the time required by teneral adults at three temperatures (20, 25, and 30°C), 60-80% RH, and a photoperiod of 16:8 (L:D) h to initiate boring after ...
Imani Fooladi Aa - - 2013
To study virulence and regulatory genes (hlyA, ctxB, tcpI) in clinical strains of Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae), simultaneously. Three important genes, tcpI, hlyA and ctxB were used for detection of toxigenic and pathogenic V. cholera by chain reaction assay method. According to the results of the PCR, the incidence of ...
Robinson Amy - - 2013
Groin hernias are common conditions, and there is a need for accurate imaging when the clinical diagnosis is not clear. A meta-analysis was undertaken to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of sonography in the diagnosis of inguinal hernias. After review of literature searches, 9 original articles were included. Data were pooled ...
Jekle Andreas - - 2013
Viral conjunctivitis is a highly contagious infection often causing major epidemics. A safe broad-spectrum antiviral agent is needed to treat this unmet medical need. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that in vitro NVC-422 is a safe, broad-spectrum topical virucidal agent with activity against ophthalmic viral pathogens. The ...
Destounis Stamatia - - 2013
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate compression elasticity imaging in combination with standard B-mode imaging for assessment of benign versus malignant breast lesions and correlation with needle biopsy. Methods Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, and patients were prospectively enrolled from 2007 to 2011. A total of ...
Alworth Leanne C LC College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA. - - 2013
Physiological and psychological effects of listening to music have been documented in humans. The changes in physiology, cognition and brain chemistry and morphology induced by music have been studied in animal models, providing evidence that music may affect animals similarly to humans. Information about the potential benefits of music to ...
Mirza Fadi G - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The objectives of this study were to develop a murine model of labor and delivery and to use this model to examine whether capsaicin diminishes labor pain and expedites delivery. METHODS:: To develop a murine model of labor pain, the authors identified and compared the incidence of four proposed ...
Fang Lanlan - - 2013
Objectives To investigate whether the endometrial thickness, endometrial volume, and endometrial and subendometrial vascularization index, flow index, and vascularization-flow index were useful for diagnosing endometrial polyps in infertility. Methods Transvaginal and 3-dimesional power Doppler sonography was performed to calculate the endometrial echogenicity, endometrial thickness, endometrial volume, and endometrial and subendometrial ...
Swann Alan C - - 2013
Swann AC. CANMAT Guidelines commentary: where does the evidence come from, and how can we use it for our patients? Bipolar Disord 2013: 15: 45-49. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Lu Yao Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, United - - 2013
Secreted proteins dictate a range of cellular functions in human health and disease. Because of the high degree of cellular heterogeneity and, more importantly, polyfunctionality of individual cells, there is an unmet need to simultaneously measure an array of proteins from single cells and to rapidly assay a large number ...
Luo Tian-Hong - - 2013
In 2004, Staphylinid beetle (Coleoptera) assemblages were studied via pitfall trapping to examine the effects of reforestation in southwestern China forests. Sites included two 100-yr-old mature forest types (hemlock-spruce forest and birch forest), and three 40-yr-old forest types established after harvesting (spruce plantation, larch plantation, and natural broad-leaved forest). Staphylinid ...
Velez Gisela - - 2013
Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a complication of retinal detachment that can lead to surgical failure and vision loss. Previous studies suggest that a variety of retinal cells, including RPE and Müller glia, may be responsible. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα) has been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis, and found ...
Ren Jin - - 2013
To investigate ultrastructural changes in pulmonary tissue of a rat model of pulmonary fibrosis following treatment with compound Carapax trionycis (C. trionycis; Biejia in Chinese) formula. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n=15): compound C. trionycis formula high-, middle-, and low-dose groups as well as model ...
Aquino Michael - - 2013
Segmental testicular infarction can mimic testicular carcinoma on sonography and can lead to unnecessary orchiectomy. This case series describes and correlates sonographic and histologic findings of 7 pathologically proven segmental testicular infarction cases. Segmental testicular infarction should be suspected on sonography when a geographic lesion with low or mixed echogenicity ...
Chan Errol W - - 2013
We determined the impact of glaucoma severity and laterality on vision-specific functioning (VF) in an Asian population. The Singapore Malay Eye Study (SiMES) was a population-based cross-sectional study of 3280 Malays aged 40 to 80 years. VF was assessed using the VF-11 questionnaire. Associations between VF-11 score and glaucoma clinical ...
Jiang Yuan-Hong - - 2013
Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the suburethral sling position and the outcome of anti-incontinence surgery. Methods From 1998 to 2010, the medical records of 153 consecutive women with stress urinary incontinence undergoing the pubovaginal sling procedure were retrospectively reviewed. All patients received preoperative ...
Eltayeb Nagla Mustafa - - 2013
To determine and compare anti-schistosoma IgG, interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interferon-γ(IFN-γ) levels in the serum of patients and endemic controls and to investigate the epidemiological situation of Al-Hebaika village in the northern part of Gezira Agricultural Irrigation Scheme in 2005. During 2005 survey, serum were collected from 118 villagers. Sixty eight ...
Driessen Michael M - - 2013
Understanding seasonal changes in invertebrate populations is important for understanding ecosystem processes and for conservation of invertebrate communities. Few studies have investigated variation in seasonal responses of multiorder and multispecies invertebrate assemblages. To determine whether temporal patterns in invertebrate assemblages and taxa vary between locations and vegetation age since burning, ...
Richards Douglas S - - 2013
Objectives Deviation of the intra-abdominal umbilical vein has been described as a marker of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and has been shown to help identify liver herniation into the fetal chest. The purpose of this study was to quantify the degree of deviation in affected fetuses and to determine the ...
Bettington Mark - - 2013
Approximately 30% of colorectal carcinomas develop via a serrated neoplasia pathway, named for the pattern of crypts in the precursor polyps. Molecular abnormalities consistently involve methylation of CpG islands [CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP)] of low degree (CIMP-L) or high degree (CIMP-H), and activating mutations of the mitogen-activated protein kinase ...
Alves Cynthia Maria Soares - - 2013
Objectives To determine reference ranges for measurements of fetal cerebral fissures by 3-dimensional (3D) sonography in the multiplanar mode and to evaluate the reliability and concordance of these measurements. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 393 women with normal pregnancies at 22 weeks to 33 weeks 6 days. The ...
Kwon Dong Rak - - 2013
Objectives To investigate the architectural alterations of the lateral ankle ligaments in spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Methods Eight children (5 male and 3 female; mean age ± SD, 5.2 ± 2.7 years) with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy were recruited. A modified Ashworth scale and passive ankle dorsiflexion angle were evaluated. ...
Martin Claude - - 2013
The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate renal safety with the active substance of the latest generation of waxy maize-derived hydroxyethyl starch in surgical patients. The authors focused on prospective, randomized, controlled studies that documented clinically relevant variables with regard to renal effects of waxy maize-derived hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.40. ...
Finger Robert P - - 2013
Multi-attribute utility instruments (MAUIs), which contain a descriptive system, including several health dimensions with associated levels of increasing severity, are used commonly to measure utilities. However, the validity of the descriptive systems rarely is examined using modern psychometric theory. Therefore, we evaluated the psychometric properties of the German version of ...
Akhtar Z R - - 2013
As a key component of ecological risk assessments, nontarget effects of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) rice have been tested under laboratory and field conditions for various organisms. A 2-yr field experiment was conducted to observe the nontarget effects of six transgenic rice lines (expressing the Cry1Ab or fused protein of Cry1Ab ...
Tanano Ichiro - - 2013
Cilostazol, a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 3, has antiplatelet aggregation and peripheral vasodilation effects. We examined the effects of cilostazol on the retinal microvascular diameter to determine its dependence on the endothelium and/or smooth muscle to reveal the signaling mechanisms involved in this vasomotor activity. Porcine retinal arterioles were isolated, ...
Cha Dong H - - 2013
Oil-coated clear panel traps baited with a host plant-based kairomone lure have successfully been used for monitoring female grape berry moth, Paralobesia viteana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), but low capture rates as well as difficulty in servicing these traps makes them unsuitable for commercial use. We compared the performance of different ...
Dang Xiangnan X Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2013
In photovoltaic devices, light harvesting (LH) and carrier collection have opposite relations with the thickness of the photoactive layer, which imposes a fundamental compromise for the power conversion efficiency (PCE). Unbalanced LH at different wavelengths further reduces the achievable PCE. Here, we report a novel approach to broadband balanced LH ...
Margarido Clarita B CB Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. - - 2013
The epidural electrical stimulation test (EEST) is a highly specific and sensitive test for confirming placement of the epidural catheter in the epidural space. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the EEST could predict the spread and consumption of local anesthetic solutions during labour epidural analgesia. This ...
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