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Liang Yongye - - 2013
Electrochemical systems such as fuel cell and water splitting devices represent some of the most efficient and environmentally friendly technologies for energy conversion and storage. Electrocatalysts play key roles in the chemical processes but often limit the performance of the entire systems due to insufficient activity, life time or high ...
Chul Jee Byung - - 2013
Abstract We performed this study to investigate the effect of ketorolac (a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) administration around ovarian stimulation on in vivo and in vitro fertilization process. Sixty-four female mice (ICR) were injected with ketorolac (0, 7.5, 15 and 30 µg/d) for 3 d starting from the day of eCG treatment. In ...
Solomon Benjamin M - - 2013
PURPOSEChronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is associated with an increased risk of developing second cancers. However, it is unknown whether CLL alters the disease course of these cancers once they occur. PATIENTS AND METHODSAll patients with cancers of the breast (n = 579,164), colorectum (n = 412,366), prostate (n = 631,616), ...
Matsuo Teppei - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The use of standard chemotherapy regimens has changed the application of chemosensitivity tests from all chemotherapy-eligible patients to those who have failed standard chemotherapy, which includes patients with highly advanced, relapsed, or chemoresistant tumors. METHODS: We evaluated a total of 43 advanced primary and relapsed gastric cancers for ...
Dolderer J H - - 2013
The current standard for the reconstruction of large soft tissue defects with exposed bone, nerves or blood vessels, for example after extensive tumor resections, complex injuries, severe burns or infections, is the local or free microsurgical tissue transfer. Despite the development of new surgical techniques and many synthetic materials, there ...
Zhang Hao - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Erhualian pigs, one of Chinese Taihu pig breeds, are known to have the largest recorded litter size in the world. A lower prenatal death rate is the major contributing factor to the prolificacy of Taihu pigs. Cross-breeding experiments have demonstrated that Taihu sows exhibit a strong maternal effect ...
Hamon Martial - - 2013
Aims: To report the four-month and nine-month angiographic results as well as one-year clinical follow-up from the first-in-man study with the silicon carbide and sirolimus-eluting bioabsorbable polymer (poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) polymer) -coated cobalt-chromium Orsiro stent. Methods and results: A group of 30 patients with documented myocardial ischaemia related to a ...
Kalies Stefan - - 2013
The use of laser induced surface plasmons on metal nanoparticles has proven to be an excellent tool for the delivery of molecules like siRNA and DNA into cells. However, a detailed understanding of the basic mechanisms of molecular uptake and the influence of parameters like biological environment is missing. In ...
Zhan Wen-Wen - - 2013
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and related material classes are attracting considerable attention for their applications in gas storage/separation as well as catalysis. In contrast, research concerning potential uses in electronic devices (such as sensors) is in its infancy, which might be due to a great challenge in the fabrication of MOFs ...
Dombi Peter - - 2013
We demonstrate the generation of ultrafast electrons from tailored metallic nanoparticles, and unravel the role of plasmonic field enhancement in the generation of electrons by comparing resonant and off-resonant particles, as well as different particle geometries. We find that electrons become accelerated virtually within a half-cycle of the driving light ...
Konno Satoshi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Although hypertension is a well known risk factor for microalbuminuria, it is unclear whether blood pressure less than 140/90 mmHg could be a risk for microalbuminuria. We assessed the relationship between baseline blood pressure and the future onset of microalbuminuria in the general population. METHODS:: We studied 2603 town inhabitants ...
Barker Tyson V - - 2013
Behavioral inhibition (BI) is a temperament characterized during early childhood by increased fearfulness to novelty, social reticence to unfamiliar peers, and heightened risk for the development of anxiety. Heightened startle responses to safety cues have been found among behaviorally inhibited adolescents who have an anxiety disorder suggesting that this measure ...
Myles-Worsley Marina - - 2013
Growing evidence for genetic overlap between schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BPD) suggests that causal variants of large effect on disease risk may cross traditional diagnostic boundaries. Extended multigenerational families with both SCZ and BPD cases can be a valuable resource for discovery of shared biological pathways because they can ...
Steury Elinda Enright - - 2013
Transcultural nursing educators can be change agents for health issues in other cultures. Yet unfamiliar disease processes and the foreign environment provide challenges that must be overcome to achieve a lasting, effective, and positive change. Rogers's Diffusion of Innovations Model can be used to plan and implement community-focused interventions into ...
Harb Carmen - - 2013
Nine [Ru(Tp)(dppe)L] complexes, where Tp is hydrotris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate, dppe is ethylenebis(diphenylphosphine), and L is (4-nitrophenyl)cyanamide (NO(2)pcyd(-)), (2-chlorophenyl)cyanamide (2-Clpcyd(-)), (3-chlorophenyl)cyanamide (3-Clpcyd(-)), (2,4-dichlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,4-Cl(2)pcyd(-)), (2,3-dichlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,3-Cl(2)pcyd(-)), (2,5-dichlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,5-Cl(2)pcyd(-)), (2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,4,5-Cl(3)pcyd(-)), (2,3,5,6-tetrachlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,3,5,6-Cl(4)pcyd(-)), and (pentachlorophenyl)cyanamide (Cl(5)pcyd(-)), and the dinuclear complex [{Ru(Tp)(dppe)}(2)(μ-adpc)], where adpc(2-) is azo-4,4-diphenylcyanamide, have been prepared and characterized. The crystal structures of ...
White Bryan P - - 2013
Purpose: This case report reviews the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of persistent hypoglycemia in a patient without a history of diabetes. The use of laboratory tests to differentiate between drug-induced and disease-induced hypoglycemia is reviewed.Summary: A 51-year-old female with multiple medical conditions including bipolar disorder and no history of diabetes ...
Liao Wei-Hung - - 2013
The electronic structures of the Bbt(Br)E═M(PCy(3))(2) (E = C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb and M = Pt, Pd) complexes and their potential energy surfaces for the formation and water addition reactions were studied using density functional theory (B3LYP/LANL2DZ). The theoretical evidence suggests that the bonding character of the E═M double ...
Shih Chih-Jen - - 2013
A central question in graphene chemistry is to what extent chemical modification can control an electronically accessible band gap in monolayer and bilayer graphene (MLG and BLG). Density functional theory predicts gaps in covalently functionalized graphene as high as 2 eV, while this approach neglects the fact that lattice symmetry ...
Boscolo Sabrina - - 2013
Palytoxins are potent marine biotoxins that have recently become endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, and are becoming more frequently associated with seafood. Due to their high toxicity, suitable methods to quantify palytoxins are needed. Thus, we developed an indirect sandwich ELISA for palytoxin and 42-hydroxy-palytoxin. An intra-laboratory study demonstrated sensitivity ...
Karjalainen Oskari K - - 2013
To All(oc) involved: A palladium-catalyzed formal 5-endo-trig heteroannulation of enones generated in situ from amino-acid-derived β-keto nitriles has been realized (see scheme; Alloc=allyl carbamate). The reaction proceeds with allyl-group transfer from the carbamate protecting group to generate two new contiguous stereocenters, including one quaternary center, with high selectivity.
Zalibera Michal - - 2013
The properties of p-phenylene-diamine (PD)-based systems substantially depend on the molecular topology. The singly bridged PD analogues HMPD and OMPD in which the PD rings are connected by a flexible linker reveal particular electronic properties in their radical cations and dications. The EPR and UV-Vis spectra of the HMPD(2+●●) were ...
Lin Xufeng - - 2013
The dehydration mechanisms for glucose in β-pyranose (BP) and in open-chain (OC) forms, catalyzed by acids homogeneously and heterogeneously, were investigated using density functional and two-layer ONIOM calculations. The first dehydration reaction and competing reaction pathways are the main focus of the present study. The energetics of five dehydration and ...
Fini Milena - - 2013
Hyaline cartilage lesions represent an important global health problem. Several approaches have been developed in the last decades to resolve this disability cause, including tissue engineering, but to date there is not a definitive procedure able to promote a repair tissue with the same mechanical and functional characteristics of native ...
Zhu Jiewen - - 2013
RAD51 recombinase activity plays a critical role for cancer cell proliferation and survival, and often contributes to drug-resistance. Abnormally elevated RAD51 function and hyperactive homologous recombination (HR) rates have been found in a panel of cancers, including breast cancer and chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). Directly targeting RAD51 and attenuating the ...
Knaapila Matti - - 2013
Knowledge of the phase behavior of polyfluorene solutions and gels has expanded tremendously in recent years. The relationship between the structure formation and photophysics is known at the quantitative level. The factors which we understand control these relationships include virtually all important materials parameters such as solvent quality, side chain ...
Pri-Paz Shai - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To identify possible predictive factors associated with emergent delivery of antenatally diagnosed placenta accreta and to estimate association between emergent delivery and adverse maternal outcomes in comparison to elective delivery. Methods: A retrospective study of all patients with placenta accreta diagnosed antenatally and confirmed pathologically, who were delivered ...
Chen Szu-Ying - - 2013
The influence of the catalyst materials on the electron transport behaviors of InAs nanowires (NWs) grown by a conventional vapor transport technique is investigated. Utilizing the NW field-effect transistor (FET) device structure, ∼20% and ∼80% of Au-catalyzed InAs NWs exhibit strong and weak gate dependence characteristics, respectively. In contrast, ∼98% ...
Tomassoni Gery - - 2013
Promote(®) Q CRT-D and Quartet(®) LV Lead Study.  Introduction: The Quartet(®) left ventricular (LV) lead is the first with 4 pacing electrodes (tip and 3 rings) that enables pacing from 10 different pacing vectors. Postoperative performance of this lead was evaluated in a prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter IDE study. Methods: Patients ...
Newton Caroline - - 2013
The UK is a diverse society where individuals regularly interact with speakers with different accents. Whilst there is a growing body of research on the impact of speaker accent on comprehension in people with aphasia, there is none which explores their ability to identify accents. This study investigated the ability ...
Yu Fangrong - - 2013
Achyranthes bidentata polysaccharides (ABPS) are the major bioactive constituents of Radix Achyranthes bidentata (AB), which has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of osteoarthritis. However, the molecular mechanisms behind the therapeutic effect of ABPS remain unclear. In the present study, chondrocytes were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats. ...
Yavuz O Y - - 2013
This study investigated which anatomic landmarks were most useful for correct and safe incision placement in carpal tunnel surgery. Kirschner wires were attached to the hands to mark previously defined landmarks. The bony attachments of the transverse carpal ligament, which were identified previously, were drawn on an anteroposterior digital x-ray ...
Melko Joshua J - - 2013
Photoelectron imaging experiments and detailed calculations are conducted on Al(n)(-) clusters (n = 3-6) and a calibration method is developed for connecting experimental observations of photoelectron angular distributions to theoretical predictions. It is shown that this method can be used to quantify the degree to which the molecular orbitals are ...
Zhao Ming - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Network biology (systems biology) approaches are useful tools for elucidating the host infection processes that often accompany complex immune networks. Although many studies have recently focused on Haemophilus parasuis, a model of Gram-negative bacterium, little attention has been paid to the host's immune response to infection. In this ...
Villani Edoardo - - 2013
The purpose of this research was to study ocular surface inflammation in relation to systemic disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with or without secondary Sjögren's syndrome (SSII and non-SSII respectively). The study was conducted in two phases. In phase I, 12 patients with active RA SSII and 12 ...
Tijsse-Klasen Ellen - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Lyme borreliosis is a tick-borne disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. The variety of characteristic and non-specific clinical manifestations is partially explained by its genetic diversity. We investigated the ability of B. burgdorferi sl isolates to cause erythema migrans. METHODS: The genetic constellation of isolates from ticks ...
Varli Ingela Hulthén - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare placental findings from early preterm stillbirths with gestational week-matched liveborn infants. The main focus was to investigate the differences in the presence and distribution of inflammatory signs in the placentas of these two groups, especially referring to histological acute chorioamnionitis ...
Onuma Yoshinobu - - 2013
Aims: To assess the safety and performance of the XIENCE V everolimus-eluting stent (EES) versus the TAXUS paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) in the treatment of patients with de novo coronary artery lesions after a five-year follow-up period. Second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) were developed with the aim of improving the safety profile ...
Zhang Xianmin - - 2013
The integration of organic semiconductors and magnetism has been a fascinating topic for fundamental scientific research and future applications in electronics, because organic semiconductors are expected to possess a large spin-dependent transport length based on weak spin-orbit coupling and weak hyperfine interaction. However, to date, this length has typically been ...
Davies Andrew - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of 12-months treatment with prasugrel versus clopidogrel from four European healthcare systems' perspectives (Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands, and Turkey). Methods: In the TRITON-TIMI 38 trial, patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were treated with prasugrel or clopidogrel. ...
Singh Ajay K - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The association of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) with cardiovascular risk, mortality, type 2 diabetes mellitus, stroke, nonfatty liver disease and gout is well known. However, the association of the MetS with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is now emerging. This review discusses the epidemiology, pathology and potential mechanisms ...
Wu Xinyue - - 2013
A silver bullet: The title reaction results in selective formation of trifluoromethylated alkanes, and is in contrast to the previously reported transition-metal-catalyzed trifluoromethylation of olefins to generate a series of trifluoromethylated allylic compounds. Preliminary mechanistic investigations indicate that the current hydrotrifluoromethylation proceeds through a pathway involving a CF(3) radical species.
Yang Bing - - 2013
Notch signaling has been shown to be important in osteoblast differentiation. Therapeutic radiation has been shown to alter the skeletal system, yet little information is available on the changes in Notch signaling in irradiated osteoblasts. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of radiation therapy with 2 ...
Berashevich J - - 2013
The electronic properties of polycrystalline lead oxide consisting of a network of single-crystalline α-PbO platelets and the formation of native point defects in the α-PbO crystal lattice are studied using first-principles calculations. The results suggest that the polycrystalline nature of α-PbO causes the formation of lattice defects (i.e., oxygen and ...
Chen Hong - - 2013
In this letter, we consider a density-level detection (DLD) problem by a coefficient-based classification framework with ℓ(1)-regularizer and data-dependent hypothesis spaces. Although the data-dependent characteristic of the algorithm provides flexibility and adaptivity for DLD, it leads to difficulty in generalization error analysis. To overcome this difficulty, an error decomposition is ...
Yang Qing - - 2013
ZnO nanowire inorganic/organic hybrid ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diode (LED) have attracted considerable attention as they not only combine the high flexibility of polymers with the structural and chemical stability of inorganic nanostructures, but also have the higher light extraction efficiency than thin film structures. However, up to date, the external ...
Exarhos Annemarie Louise - - 2013
We use sub-picosecond time-resolved photoluminescence measurements to study the nature of photoluminescence in graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide. Our data indicate that, in contrast to prior suggestions, the photoluminescence spectra of graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide are inhomogeneously broadened. We observe substantial energy redistribution and relaxation among the ...
Zhou Xiwen - - 2013
A stronger metal-support interaction between Pd and plate-form Ga(2)O(3) nanocrystals covered with the predominant 002 surface than other Ga(2)O(3) surfaces is found, which gives higher methanol yield in catalytic CO(2) hydrogenation.
Marshak Michael P - - 2013
The reaction of Na(OSi(t)Bu(2)Me) with CrCl(3) yields solid [Cr(OSi(t)Bu(2)Me)(3)](n) (1), which can be crystallized in the presence of excess Na(OSi(t)Bu(2)Me) to yield [Na(THF)][Cr(OSi(t)Bu(2)Me)(4)] (2). This complex is oxidized to yield Cr(OSi(t)Bu(2)Me)(4) (3), a crystalline chromium(IV) siloxide complex that is air- and moisture-stable. Electronic spectroscopic analysis of the absorption spectrum of ...
San Sebastián Eider - - 2013
The integrin leukocyte function associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) binds the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) by its α(L)-chain inserted domain (I-domain). This interaction plays a key role in cancer and other diseases. We report the structure-based design, small-scale synthesis, and biological activity evaluation of a novel family of LFA-1 antagonists. ...
Muñoz Caro Guillermo M - - 2013
A compendium of different solid carbonaceous materials detected in space is presented, focussing on the search for organic matter of prebiotic interest. This journey takes us from the carbon grains likely formed in the atmospheres of evolved stars to organic grain mantles made from ice processing thought to be present ...
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