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Results 401 - 450 of 2387
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So Wing Chee - - 2013
Previous research has found that iconic gestures (i.e., gestures that depict the actions, motions or shapes of entities) identify referents that are also lexically specified in the co-occurring speech produced by proficient speakers. This study examines whether concrete deictic gestures (i.e., gestures that point to physical entities) bear a different ...
Saeedi Majid - - 2013
Abstract Background: Topical retinoids are considered first line therapy in the treatment of acne vulgaris, yet can be associated with cutaneous irritations. Combination therapy with natural preparations could be effective in treatment and decreasing adverse events. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of ...
Zondag W - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It is debated how patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) can be safely selected for outpatient treatment. OBJECTIVES: To compare the Hestia criteria to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) criteria for selecting low risk patients with PE for outpatient treatment. METHODS: From 2008 to 2010, 496 patients with acute, ...
Aneeshkumar M K - - 2013
Reconstruction of nasal tip support and internal lining after excision of nasal carcinoma is challenging. Since its original description by Menick in 1989, the outcomes of bipedicled septal pivot flap are rarely reported in the literature. Objective of this work is to review our results using the Septal pivoted flap ...
Han Zhaoqing - - 2013
Bovine tuberculosis (BTB), a chronic disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis, has been widely reported in bovines in developing countries, but there is little information on this infection in domestic yaks. Seroprevalence of antibodies to M. bovis in yaks from six and three regions of Tibet and Qinghai plateau, China, respectively, ...
Goddard Elizabeth - - 2013
Objectives. Females are more likely to develop an eating disorder (ED) than males. Studies of affected men may therefore inform models of risk and resilience to EDs. The aim of this study was to examine putative neurocognitive intermediate phenotypes of EDs in affected males. Methods. Cognitive flexibility, central coherence (global/detail ...
Wieland N - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in child social competence and parent-child interactions involving children with intellectual disability (ID) or typical development (TD) during a Parent-Child Problem-Solving Task. DESIGN: Mothers and their 9-year-old children (n = 122) participated in a problem-solving task in which they discussed and tried to resolve an issue they disagreed ...
Tran Chau Minh - - 2013
Little information is available on the distribution of antimicrobial resistance genes in anaerobes in Japan. To understand the background of antimicrobial resistance in anaerobes involved in intra-abdominal infections, we investigated the distribution of eight antimicrobial resistance genes (cepA, cfiA, cfxA, ermF, ermB, mefA, tetQ, and nim) and a mutation in ...
Ray Chaudhuri Anjana - - 2013
Abstract Background: With the success of oocyte donation in vitro fertilization (IVF) in postmenopausal women, the importance of endometrial preparation became obvious. This appears also very crucial for achieving pregnancy after frozen embryo transfer (FET) after failed fresh IVF cycles and FET in subsequent natural cycles. Although there are different ...
Schädel Christina - - 2013
Soil organic matter (SOM) is heterogeneous in structure and has been considered to consist of various pools with different intrinsic turnover rates. Although those pools have been conceptually expressed in models and analyzed according to soil physical and chemical properties, separation of SOM into component pools is still challenging. In ...
Nakayama Tetsuo - - 2013
Through increasing measles vaccine coverage, proportion of patients with modified measles has been increasing. They demonstrate low-grade fever with very mild eruptions similar to vaccine-related adverse events. Differentiation between the two pathogenic conditions is required to improve the quality of laboratory-based measles surveillance, In this report, vaccine-specific and wild-type specific ...
Lim Byung-Kwan - - 2013
The coxsackieviruses B3 (CVB3) are members of the genus Enterovirus of the family Picornaviridae. They are the most common etiological agents of chronic myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy. However, there is still no effective diagnostic method for CVB3 in human patients. Here, we established a fast and accurate system to detect ...
Li Guangfu - - 2013
We developed an advanced surfactant-assistant method for the Ir(x)Sn(1-x)O(2) (0 < x ≤ 1) nanoparticle (NP) preparation, and examined the OER performances by a series of half-cell and full-cell tests. In contrast to the commercial Ir black, the collective data confirmed the outstanding activity and stability of the fabricated Ir(x)Sn(1-x)O(2) ...
Cheung Isabella My - - 2013
Severe loss of vision manifests from the corneal protrusion, thinning and distortion that characterises keratoconus, which in its most severe form is still treated primarily by lamellar or penetrating keratoplasty. Unfortunately, alternative therapeutic options targeting the underlying pathobiology remain limited, attributable to an incomplete understanding of the biological mechanisms instigating ...
Santos Guida - - 2013
Abstract Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent cutaneous neoplasm of the periorbital region. After tumor excision, the function of the eyelid has to be preserved, keeping the protection of the eyeball with preservation of damp, avoiding epiphora and ectropion. The authors describe the reconstruction, in a single surgical ...
Jongeling Amy C - - 2013
A 21-year-old man presented to his local emergency department with 5 days of headache, which was dull, occipital, bilateral, nonthrobbing, and progressively worsening. It was associated with mild fever, photophobia, and neck pain and stiffness. He had no history of headache, chronic illness, recent vaccinations, cutaneous rash, cough, diarrhea, arthralgia, ...
Bermejo Justo Lorenzo - - 2013
Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteins are covalently attached to target proteins to modify their function. SUMO conjugation participates in processes tightly linked to tumorigenesis. Recently USPL1 (ubiquitin-specific peptidase-like 1) was identified as a SUMO isopeptidase. We report here on the first exploratory study investigating the relationship betweengenetic variability inUSPL1andbreast cancer. ...
Vandergheynst Jean S - - 2013
Water-in-oil emulsions provide an alternative for long-term stabilization of microorganisms. Maintaining physical stability of the emulsion and cell viability is critical for large-scale application. Water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions were prepared with the biolarvacide Lagenidium giganteum and the green alga Chlorella vulgaris. Physical stability was measured via light scattering measurements of the ...
Fernando Dulitha N - - 2013
Abstract Background: Teenage pregnancies are associated with negative outcomes. Prevention requires understanding them and their families. Objectives: This study aimed to describe personal and family attributes of pregnant teenagers in Sri Lanka. Methods: This was a community-based study in Sri Lanka among 510 pregnant teenagers. Results: Half (50%) of the ...
Wu Pei-Fang - - 2013
Reactions of NO with the quintuple bonded chromium and molybdenum amidinate dimers, respectively, gave dichromium nitrosyl nitrito amidinato complexes, and the quadruple bonded dimolybdenum nitrito amidinato species with a paddlewheel configuration.
Lanyon Lucette E - - 2013
This paper examines the evidence for community and outpatient aphasia groups using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework. A systematic search of the literature using eight electronic databases was completed; 29 studies met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Level of evidence and methodological quality was assessed and ...
Gupta D K - - 2013
Lead (Pb) is naturally occurring element whose distribution in the environment occurs because of its extensive use in paints, petrol, explosives, sludge, and industrial wastes. In plants, Pb uptake and translocation occurs, causing toxic effects resulting in decrease of biomass production. Commonly plants may prevent the toxic effect of heavy ...
Westbrook Jenna L - - 2013
Abstract Background: Measuring the quality of care for people using neuro-rehabilitation services is a complex area requiring reliable methods that account for variable communication abilities/cognitive functioning. Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) is an observational method widely used in dementia care to improve person-centred care, which may be usefully applied to neuro-rehabilitation ...
Fias Stijn - - 2013
The chemical importance of the linear response kernel from conceptual Density Functional Theory (DFT) is investigated for some σ and π aromatic and anti-aromatic systems. The effect of the ring size is studied by looking at some well known aromatic and anti-aromatic molecules of different sizes, showing that the linear ...
Furlan Renata M M M - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to quantify tongue protrusion force and compare its characteristics between participants with severely weak tongues and those with normal lingual strength. The sample consisted of 11 participants with severe lingual strength deficits and 11 age- and sex-matched participants with normal lingual strength. Tongue force ...
Yazaki Kohei - - 2013
A bowl-shaped organic host was prepared by linking two anthracene-embedded bispyridine ligands with two methylene spacers. The water-soluble host has a hemispherical hydrophobic cavity (∼1 nm in diameter) with two cationic methylenebispyridinyl (Lewis acidic) moieties and shows the selective recognition and encapsulation of aromatic guest molecules containing carbonyl groups in ...
Antoniadou Anastasia - - 2013
Background: To evaluate the impact of an antibiotic restriction policy on antibiotic consumption and Gram-negative resistance rates, in an environment of antibiotic overconsumption and increasing resistance rates for nosocomial pathogens. Methods: The study was a 'before and after' trial of 18-month duration; the antibiotic restriction policy program was implemented in ...
Ireland Penelope Jane - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether height, weight, head circumference and/or relationships between these factors are associated with gross motor milestone acquisition in children with achondroplasia. METHOD: Population-based data regarding timing of major gross motor milestones up to 5 years were correlated with height, weight and head circumference at ...
Dincel Cetin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic value of pT3 bladder urothelial carcinoma substaging in patients without lymphatic involvement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pathologic and clinical data were reviewed on patients who underwent radical cystectomy for urothelial carcinoma between 1991 and 2010. Of the 460 reviewed patients, 74 patients were diagnosed with pathologic ...
Sigurdsson Johann A - - 2013
The common history and development of Nordic family medicine is important and interesting. This paper looks back on the aspects and factors influencing academic family medicine in the Nordic countries and especially the central position of the Nordic Congresses and the Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. The importance of ...
Tagliafico Alberto - - 2013
Given the increasingly important role of breast density as an independent risk factor for breast cancer, and the variable breast imaging tests that potentially provide measures for density. We compared breast tissue density on digital mammography (FFDM), digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using semi-automated automated software. ...
Ried-Larsen M M Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Research unit for Exercise Epidemiology, Centre of Research in Childhood Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. - - 2013
The aim was to investigate the associations between physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and intima media thickness (IMT) or stiffness. This was a population-based cross-sectional study (n = 336) of Danish adolescents [mean age (standard deviation, SD): 15.6 (0.4) years]. PA intensity was assessed objectively (ActiGraph model GT3X) and CRF using ...
Cooper Julie - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the facilitating factors that enabled staff on a rehabilitation ward for older people engage in change activities. BACKGROUND: The importance of facilitation in practice change is widely acknowledged; however, little nursing research has taken place in relation to its nature. Following identification in the early ...
Wang Ming - - 2013
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs can promote or suppress the evolution of malignant behaviors by regulating multiple targets. We aimed to determine the expression of miR-301a recently screened in gastric cancer, to investigate the biological effects of miR-301a and to identify the specific miR-301a target gene. METHODS: Quantitative real-time RT-PCR was used to ...
Coeckelbergh Mark - - 2013
Contemporary health care relies on electronic devices. These technologies are not ethically neutral but change the practice of care. In light of Sennett's work and that of other thinkers (Dewey, Dreyfus, Borgmann) one worry is that "e-care"-care by means of new information and communication technologies-does not promote skilful and careful ...
Wan Xiu-Feng - - 2013
Metagenomic characterization of water virome was performed in four Mississippi catfish ponds. Although differing considerably from African swine fever virus (ASFV), 48 of 446,100 sequences from 12 samples were similar enough to indicate that they represent new members in the family Asfarviridae. At present, ASFV is the only member of ...
Chen Li-Li - - 2013
Bacillus subtilis natto is widely used in industry to produce natto, a traditional and popular Japanese soybean food. However, during its secondary fermentation, high amounts of ammonia are released to give a negative influence on the flavor of natto. Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) is a key enzyme for the ammonia produced ...
Açikgöz Gürol - - 2013
Abstract Background: Since the mainstay of pathogenesis depends on autoimmune process, systemic steroids are widely used in the treatment of alopecia with various side effects. To avoid side effects of long term steroid treatment, pulse methylprednisolone therapy appear to be a safe treatment option. Objective: To determine effect of pulse ...
Sharifi Mansoor - - 2013
Posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is one of the cerebellar arteries which originates from the vertebral artery and has the most complex and variable course. The PICA usually originates from the vertebral artery intracranially as a single trunk, however, absent, double trunk, extracranial, and extradural PICA may also exist. In ...
Shin Seung-Pil SP Genitourinary Cancer Branch, Research Institute National Cancer Center, Gyeonggi-do, - - 2013
Adenoviruses harboring the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSVtk) gene under the regulation of a trans-splicing ribozyme targeting human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT-TR) show marked and specific antitumor activity. In addition to inducing tumor cell death by direct cytotoxicity, it is becoming clear that HSVtk also induces antitumor immunity. Programmed ...
Li Tong - - 2013
The mechanism of communicating hydrocephalus after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains unclear. Revealing a signaling cascade may provide significant insights into the molecular etiology of the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in cerebral compartments during SAH. To investigate the mechanism of the communicating hydrocephalus following SAH, we infused CSF with thrombin ...
Fu Zhixuan - - 2013
Background. The interactions between cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and cancer cells or tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and cancer cells play important roles in cancer progression and metastasis. However, studies related to the crosstalk between CAFs and TILs in tumor microenvironment (TME) are still lacking. In this study, we mainly investigated the interactions ...
Horemans Benjamin - - 2013
In nature, pesticides are often present as micropollutants with concentrations too low for efficient biodegradation and growth of heterotrophic pollutant-degrading bacteria. Instead, organic carbon present in environmental dissolved organic matter (eDOM) constitutes the main carbon source in nature. Information on how natural organic carbon affects degradation of pollutants and micropollutants, ...
Jiang Dandan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Because tumorigenesis depends on a variety of oncogenes, symphyseal study of combined genes may lead to more significant knowledge about tumorigenesis and progression. Combined deficiency of p21 and p27 proteins in mice is linked to more aggressive spontaneous tumorigenesis. We investigated the effect of the transfected p21 ( Waf1 ...
Kunishima Hiroyuki - - 2013
Clostridium difficile is a common causative organism of antimicrobial-associated diarrhea and is often responsible for nosocomial infection. C. difficile infection has traditionally been treated with metronidazole (MNZ) or vancomycin (VCM); however, MNZ-resistant strains have reported in some countries. In this study the broth microdilution method was used to determine the ...
Dickinson Joël - - 2013
Dickinson and Szeligo (Can J Exp Psychol 62(4):211-222, 2008) found that processing time for simple visual stimuli was affected by the visual action participants had been instructed to perform on these stimuli (e.g., see, distinguish). It was concluded that these effects reflected the differences in the durations of these various ...
Wehby George L - - 2013
Several studies report socioeconomic inequalities in child health and consequences of early disease. However, not much is known about inequalities in health capital accumulation in the womb in response to fetal health shocks, which is essential for finding the earliest sensitive periods for interventions to reduce inequalities. We identify inequalities ...
Ahmed Rumman - - 2013
The use of ionic self-assembly, a facile non-covalent approach, to access non-conventional block copolymer morphologies, including tetragonal and helical structures, from a combination of polyferrocenylsilane diblock copolymer polyelectrolytes and AOT-based surfactants, is described.
Ximenes Rafael Matos - - 2013
Leaves of Croton adamantinus have been used to treat inflammation and skin wounds in the semi-arid area of the Northeast of Brazil. In order to evaluate if the essential oil (EO) was responsible for the claimed activities; antinociceptive, wound healing and antimicrobial tests were carried out. Twenty constituents were identified ...
Yang Jin-Kui - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus has become a major public health problem in China. This open-label, prospective, multicentre, post-marketing surveillance study was conducted to investigate the efficacy and safety of nateglinide in combination with metformin in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 892 ...
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