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Concannon E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The National Cancer Strategy heralded a major reorganisation of the delivery of cancer services in Ireland. As a result of this policy, cancer care was centralised to eight centres. The impact of this strategy on hospitals no longer providing cancer services has not been analysed to date. AIM: The ...
Ben Hassine Sihem - - 2013
Human serum samples (n = 113) from Bizerte, northern Tunisia, collected between 2011 and 2012 were analyzed for 8 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) including p,p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its metabolites, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers, dieldrin, and heptachlor and 12 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) congeners. Concentrations of these residues in serum were determined by gas chromatography ...
Margalit R - - 2013
This qualitative study is intended to elucidate Lakota elders' views on traditional tobacco and commercial/addictive tobacco use, capturing the oral history that depict the cultural protocol regarding traditional tobacco, called Cansasa. Commercial tobacco use has significantly impacted the Northern Plains Indians. National surveillance systems report that tobacco use is more ...
Tseng Chia-Chen - - 2013
Objectives: This study investigated the feasibility of the cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) test using bone-conducted vibration (BCV) tapping. Design: Prospective study. Study sample: Initially, 20 healthy volunteers aged 23-38 years underwent cVEMP tests in supine position using head elevation method by BCV tapping at the Fz and inion. On ...
Ni Wentao - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cryptococcosis is considered as an opportunistic infection because it mainly occurs in immunosuppressed hosts. C. neoformans usually acquired by the respiratory route and then may disseminate hematogenously to other places, such as meninges, bone and skin. Cutaneous involvement is a rare but important feature of disseminated cryptococcosis with ...
Vrieling Anton - - 2013
Frequent spatial reorganization of administrative units is common in many countries. It may comprise the merging or division of spatial units, or boundary changes between units. These reorganizations prevent the effective assessment of longer-term population dynamics at a detailed spatial level. To deal with this problem in the Netherlands, we ...
Li Peng - - 2013
Pattern synchronization (PS) can capture one aspect of the dynamic interactions between bivariate physiological systems. It can be tested by several entropy-based measures, e.g., cross sample entropy (X-SampEn), cross fuzzy entropy (X-FuzzyEn), multivariate multiscale entropy (MMSE), etc. A comprehensive comparison on their distinguishability is currently missing. Besides, they are highly ...
Brown A S - - 2013
Autism is a complex neuropsychiatric syndrome with a largely unknown etiology. Inflammation during pregnancy may represent a common pathway by which infections and other insults increase risk for the disorder. Hence, we investigated the association between early gestational C-reactive protein (CRP), an established inflammatory biomarker, prospectively assayed in maternal sera, ...
Marxen Julia C - - 2013
Haemocyanin (Hc) is a copper-containing respiratory protein, floating freely dissolved in the hemolymph of many arthropod species. A typical haemocyanin is a hexamer or oligohexamer of six identical or similar subunits, with a molecular mass around 75 kDa each. In the crustaceans, the haemocyanins appear to be restricted to the remipedes ...
Lee Ju-Hee - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Current sentinel node (SN) detection techniques require a learning period and tracers have many disadvantages for practical use. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of preoperative computed tomography (CT) lymphography using lipiodol for detecting SNs in gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 24 patients who ...
Kim J-W - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The loss of beta cell function is a critical factor in the development of type 2 diabetes. Glucotoxicity plays a major role in the progressive deterioration of beta cell function and development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Here we demonstrate that microRNA (miR)-30a-5p is a key player in early-stage ...
Wells Matthew - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Corneal pachymetry is an important aspect of modern eye care. This study aims to compare the measurement of central corneal thickness (CCT) using automated optical pachymetry, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and ultrasound. METHODS: Fifty volunteers participated in this study. Central corneal thickness was measured using the Topcon ...
Kuhl H - - 2013
ABSTRACT Based on the results of a French cohort of postmenopausal women, it has been claimed that micronized progesterone does not enhance breast cancer risk. The impact of reproductive factors on breast cancer risk and a high prevalence of occult breast carcinomas at the time of menopause suggest an involvement ...
Raza Kaisar - - 2013
Abstract Background: Treatment of photoaging includes non-prescription cosmeceuticals and prescription products, retinoids. Isotretinoin, an established anti-acne retinoid, is also reported to delay the aging process. However, the drug is reported to be an irritant on skin. Purpose: The present study endeavors to explore the potential of a novel set of ...
Parker J A - - 2013
Background:Glucagon and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are evolutionarily related anorectic hormones. Glucagon also increases energy expenditure. The combination of glucagon and GLP-1 could cause weight loss through a simultaneous reduction in food intake and increased energy expenditure. However, the effect of combined administration of glucagon and GLP-1 on food intake and ...
Hart Tessa - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To develop reliable coding for five treatment ingredients hypothesized to be "active" in a scheduled telephone intervention (STI) for traumatic brain injury (TBI); to examine factors associated with delivery of ingredients over the first year post-injury. Method: Operational definitions of directive and non-directive action planning; TBI education; reinforcement; ...
Cete Servet - - 2013
A film electrode with electropolymerization of pyrrole (Py) and para-toluene sulfonate (pTS) as a anionic dopant is prepared and its sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide is investigated. The polypyrrole is deposited on a 0.5 cm(2) Pt plate an electrochemically prepared pTS ion-doped polypyrrole film by scanning the electrode potential between - ...
Zhu Li - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of IgAN patients present with histological vasculitic/crescentic lesions in glomeruli, indicating activation of vascular inflammation. Using sVCAM-1, a well-proven marker for endothelial injury under inflammatory processes, we investigated vascular injury and its association with clinical and pathological manifestations in IgAN patients. METHODS: In this study, ...
Qin Xianhui - - 2013
There are growing data and a continuing controversy over the effect of folic acid supplementation on cancer risk. We conducted a meta-analysis based on up-to-date published relevant randomized trials to further examine this issue. Relative risk (RR) was used to measure the effect of folic acid supplementation on risk of ...
Durand Claudia - - 2013
Height is a classic polygenic quantitative trait with a high level of heritability. As it is a simple and stable parameter to measure, height is a model for both common, complex disorders and monogenic, Mendelian disease. In this Review, we examine height from the perspective of monogenic and complex genetics ...
Nygaard Ditte Eklund - - 2013
Background. In lung cancer radiotherapy, planning on the midventilation (MidV) bin of a four-dimensional (4D) CT scan can reduce the systematic errors introduced by respiratory tumour motion compared to conventional CT. In this study four different methods for MidV bin selection are evaluated. Material and methods. The study is based ...
Chung Bevan Kai-Sheng - - 2013
Pichia yeasts have been recognized as important microbial cell factories in the biotechnological industry. Notably, the Pichia pastoris and Pichia stipitis species have attracted much research interest due to their unique cellular physiology and metabolic capability: P. pastoris has the ability to utilize methanol for cell growth and recombinant protein ...
Tornick Jan K - - 2013
We examined inferential reasoning by exclusion in the Clark's nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) using two-way object-choice procedures. While other social scatter-hoarding corvids appear capable of engaging in inferential reasoning, it remains unclear if the relatively less social nutcracker is able to do so. In an initial experiment, food was hidden in ...
Kou Yuhui - - 2013
The pure motor peripheral nerves animal model, obtained by ablating the dorsal root ganglions (DRGs), was used to investigate the accuracy of peripheral nerve selective regeneration using small gap sleeve bridging compared to epineurium neurorrhaphy. The results showed that the number of improperly regenerated motor axons in the distal stump ...
Trilling Anke K - - 2013
Detection elements play a key role in analyte recognition in biosensors. Therefore, detection elements with high analyte specificity and binding strength are required. While antibodies (Abs) have been increasingly used as detection elements in biosensors, a key challenge remains - the immobilization on the biosensor surface. This minireview highlights recent ...
Lefevre N - - 2013
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to compare the results of the GNRB(®) arthrometer to those of Telos™ in the diagnosis of partial thickness tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). METHODS: A prospective study performed January-December 2011 included all patients presenting with a partial or full-thickness ACL ...
Zou K - - 2013
We report on the transport properties of ABC and ABA stacked trilayer graphene using dual, locally gated field effect devices. The high efficiency and large breakdown voltage of the HfO(2) top and bottom gates enables independent tuning of the perpendicular electric field and the Fermi level over an unprecedentedly large ...
Oliveira Rodrigo G - - 2013
Delayed, or type IV, hypersensitivity reactions are a useful model to study the effects of new substances on the immune system. In this study, the experimental model of the delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction to ovalbumin (OVA) was used to evaluate the immunomodulating effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), which ...
Jin Chunying - - 2013
A Gram-negative, oxidase-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated strain E20121, was isolated from the digestive tract of a Japanese prawn (Marsupenaeus japonicus) collected from the coastal sea water area of Zhuhai, Guangdong province, China. The new isolate was determined to be closely related to Vibrio ponticus DSM 16217(T), having 97.6 % 16S ...
Walsh Kieran - - 2013
Medical education has had a long history. Much of that history can be captured in quotations from the many people who have made medical education what it is today. Even though newcomers to the field often see and approach problems as if they were the first to discover them, examining ...
Curto David Del - - 2013
Navigated posterior cervical microforaminotomy (PCM) is a promising minimally invasive technique for treating radiculopathy caused by lateral disc herniations and foraminal stenosis. Between December 2009 and October 2010, 14 patients with unilateral foraminal disc herniations or foraminal stenosis at the C6-7 or C7-T1 level underwent PCM assisted by O-arm navigation ...
Le Fourn Valerie - - 2013
Multisubunit protein complexes are assembled in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Existing pools of single subunits and assembly intermediates ensure the efficient and rapid formation of complete complexes. While being kinetically beneficial, surplus components must be eliminated to prevent potentially harmful accumulation in the ER. Surplus single chains are cleared by ...
Raj Vimal Master Sankar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exertional heat stroke (EHS) results in a constellation of systemic inflammatory responses resulting in multiorgan failure and an extremely high mortality. CASE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENTS: We present the case of an 11-year-old obese male who suffered EHS with rhabdomyolysis and concurrent renal, pulmonary, and hepatic failure. Conventional therapies including ...
Koller Matthias - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery after massive weight loss remains a fast growing subspecialty. However, very few studies exist that investigate the quality of life and psychological outcome after body lift surgery. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients (25 females and 2 males) who had undergone bariatric surgery were scheduled for circumferential body lifting of ...
Oliveira Regiane Alves - - 2013
The development of agricultural activities coincides with the increased use of pesticides to control pests, which can also be harmful to nontarget insects such as bees. Thus, the goal of this work was assess the toxic effects of thiamethoxam on newly emerged worker bees of Apis mellifera (africanized honeybee-AHB). Initially, ...
Stefan Norbert - - 2013
The liver is known to be involved in the natural history of the ongoing epidemics of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. In particular, the liver has a role in increased glucose production and dysregulated lipoprotein metabolism, conditions that are often found in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. ...
Oyama Katsunobu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a new combination antiemetic therapy comprising aprepitant, granisetron, and dexamethasone in gastric cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy with cisplatin and S-1. METHODS: Gastric cancer patients scheduled to receive their first course of chemotherapy with cisplatin (60 mg/m(2)) and S-1 (80 mg/m(2)) were treated with a ...
Scanlon Micheál D - - 2013
Rarely reported low-cost molybdenum boride and carbide microparticles, both of which are available in abundant quantities due to their widespread use in industry, adsorb at aqueous acid-1,2-dichloroethane interfaces and efficiently catalyse the hydrogen evolution reaction in the presence of the organic electron donor - decamethylferrocene. Kinetic studies monitoring biphasic reactions ...
Cook Catherine - - 2013
COOK C. Nursing Inquiry 2013 The sexual health consultation as a moral occasion Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are socially constructed as more 'dirty' than other gynaecological conditions. This article analyses women's accounts of interactions with clinicians, subsequent to a diagnosis of genital herpes simplex virus or human papilloma virus. Women ...
Kovač-Andrić Elvira - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate ozone, variations, and its correlation with meteorological parameters at a remote location on the Mali Lošinj Island, which has been a tourist and health resort area in the northern Adriatic. The measured data are discussed in relation to the EU guidelines (Directive ...
Quan Lin-Hu - - 2013
In this study, the major ginsenoside Rb1 was transformed into the more pharmacologically active minor compound K by food grade Lactobacillus paralimentarius LH4, which was isolated from kimchi, a traditional Korean fermented food. The enzymatic reaction was analyzed by TLC, HPLC, and NMR. Using the cell-free enzyme of Lactobacillus paralimentarius ...
George Jacob - - 2013
I read with interest the Teaching NeuroImage regarding the differential diagnosis of scapular winging.(1) Although neurology literature mentions that weakness of the rhomboids may cause winging,(2,3) this is likely erroneous. The rhomboids originate from C7 to D5 spinous processes and insert into the medial border of the scapula.(4) Since the ...
Chen Yongbin - - 2013
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling plays pivotal roles in embryonic development and adult tissue homeostasis, and its deregulation leads to numerous human disorders including cancer. Binding of Hh to Patched (Ptc), a twelve-transmembrane protein, alleviates its inhibition of Smoothened (Smo), a seven-transmembrane protein related to G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), leading to Smo phosphorylation ...
Sakellariou Dikaios - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This review sought to answer the question "what is known about people's experiences of living with MND?". Methods: The review followed the guidelines of the Centre of Reviews and Dissemination. Twenty articles met the inclusion criteria and their results were analysed thematically. Data were managed and coded using ...
Dinuzzo Mauro - - 2013
The non-metabolizable fluorescent glucose analogue 6-(N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)-2-deoxyglucose (6-NBDG) is increasingly used to study cellular transport of glucose. Intracellular accumulation of exogenously applied 6-NBDG is assumed to reflect concurrent gradient-driven glucose uptake by glucose transporters (GLUTs). Here theoretical considerations are provided that put this assumption into question. In particular, depending on the ...
Lee Hyun Jung - - 2013
The goals of this research were (1) to compare bilingual and monolingual children on Korean non-word repetition performance, and (2) to examine the relations between non-word repetition and vocabulary skills in bilingual and monolingual children. Sixty children aged from 3-5 years participated in this study, including 30 Korean-English bilinguals and ...
Reimer Bryan - - 2013
Although it is speculated that impairments associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) will adversely affect driving performance, little is known about the actual extent and nature of the presumed deficits. Ten males (18-24 years of age) with a diagnosis of high functioning autism and 10 age matched community controls were recruited ...
Shinozaki Yukiko - - 2013
Enzymatic degradation of polyester films by a cutinase-like enzyme from Pseudozyma antarctica JCM10317 (PaE) was analyzed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The adsorption of PaE and the degradation rate for polyester films were quantitatively monitored by a positive and negative SPR signal shifts, respectively. The decrease in SPR signal and ...
Kwon Eun-Kyung Mary - - 2013
Infantile hemangioma (IH) is a common vascular tumor of infancy. Although benign, infants with IH can experience complications including ulceration, visual and airway impairment, and residual scarring and disfigurement. It is often challenging for clinicians to predict which tumors are in need of systemic treatment. However, data from various demographic ...
Barbosa Felipe L - - 2013
This study investigated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the ethanolic extract (EESAl), fractions and the compound 8-methoxylapachenol (8ML) obtained from the tubers of Sinningia allagophylla. Male Swiss mice were treated with EESAl (3-300 mg/kg) or vehicle by oral route (p.o.) 1 hr before the injection of formalin 2.5% or ...
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