Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2387
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Kumar Dileep - - 2013
Context: Pomegranate [Punica granatum L. (Lythraceae)] is rich in antioxidants. Objective: The present work was undertaken to evaluate the protective effects of methanol extract of pomegranate peel extract (PPE) against a rat model of oxidative stress generated by treatment with mercuric chloride (HgCl(2)). Materials and methods: Rats were injected with ...
Bateman Michael G - - 2013
A critical understanding of cardiac anatomy is essential for design engineers and clinicians with the intent of developing and/or employing improved or novel technologies or therapies for treating an impaired atrioventricular valve. Likewise, such knowledge is required for directing translational research, including initiating preclinical research, assessing the feasibility of clinical ...
Fossi Maria Cristina - - 2013
The need for powerful new tools to detect the effects of chemical pollution, in particular of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on Mediterranean cetaceans led us to develop and apply a suite of sensitive biomarkers for integument biopsies of stranded and free-ranging animals. This multi-response ex ...
Cheng L - - 2013
The G72/G30 gene complex is a candidate gene for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. However, G72 and G30 mRNAs are expressed at very low levels in human brain, with only rare splicing forms observed. We report here G72/G30 expression profiles and behavioral changes in a G72/G30 transgenic mouse model. A human ...
German Natalija - - 2013
A direct immunoassay format with human growth hormone (hGH) immobilized on a self assembled monolayer modified surface plasmon resonance (SPR) chip was chosen to detect specific antibodies (anti-hGH) using different electrochemical techniques. Atomic force microscopy imaging and SPR were used as control methods for the evaluation and confirmation of the ...
Pohl Nina U - - 2013
Our study estimates detection thresholds for tones of different durations and frequencies in Great Tits (Parus major) with operant procedures. We employ signals covering the duration and frequency range of communication signals of this species (40-1,010 ms; 2, 4, 6.3 kHz), and we measure threshold level-duration (TLD) function (relating threshold level to ...
Almeida Isabel F - - 2013
Abstract Topical application of natural antioxidants has proven to be effective in protecting the skin against ultraviolet radiation-mediated oxidative damage. In previous studies, a Castanea sativa leaf ethanol:water (7:3) extract exhibited scavenging activity against different reactive oxygen species that are thought to contribute to oxidative damage in the skin. Its ...
Ito Kotaro - - 2013
Glutaminase, an enzyme that hydrolyzes L-glutamine to L-glutamate, plays an important role in the production of fermented foods by enhancing the umami taste. In this study, we found ten glutaminase genes in the Aspergillus sojae genome by conducting a BLAST search of the characterized glutaminase sequence. We subsequently constructed glutaminase ...
Gouin Marion - - 2013
Preterm infants are at greater risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, which is associated with neurodevelopmental impairment. These infants are also more likely to develop severe bronchiolitis, which can contribute to neurodevelopmental impairment. The aim of this study was to determine whether severe bronchiolitis in very preterm infants (born before 33 weeks of ...
Sanguigno Luigi - - 2013
Several authors have exploited the ability of the fluorescence correlation spectroscopy to probe motion at the molecular level. In a couple of decades, all their efforts have allowed the application of this technique even to the diffusion measurement of cellular components. Nowadays, the fluorescence correlation spectroscopy is considered a standard ...
Kaino Wataru - - 2013
In several countries including Japan, people without obesity but with a clustering of metabolic risk factors (MetRFs) were not considered to have the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Here, we examined whether lifestyle characteristics differed between non-obese and obese subjects with or without a clustering of MetRFs. From a population-based cross-sectional study ...
Krishnan Monica S - - 2013
Recent data suggest that axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) may be unnecessary for patients with positive sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) receiving whole-breast irradiation (ACOSOG Z0011). The purpose of this study was to use decision analysis with simulated patients to determine subgroups with positive SLNB who may still benefit from ...
Ozaltin Fatih - - 2013
CXCR1 (CKR-1), a receptor of IL-8, is expressed in various cells including neutrophils and monocytes, both of which play a major role in proliferating glomerular diseases. We investigated time-dependent expression of CXCR1 and the effect of single-dose cyclosporine A (CsA) treatment on this expression in experimental mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis induced by ...
Salnikov George E - - 2013
Degenerate 1,2-shift of methylethynyl group in long-lived 9,10-dimethyl-9-methylethynyl-phenanthrenium ion has been detected by NMR. This is the first example of ethynyl migration in a long-lived carbocation.
Yadav Neera - - 2013
The present study aimed to analyze the phototoxic mechanism and photostability of quinine in human skin cell line A375 under ambient intensities of UVA (340-400 nm). Photosensitized quinine produced a photoproduct 6-methoxy-quinoline-4-ylmethyl-oxonium identified through LC-MS/MS. Generation of (1) O(2) , O(2) (•-) , and (•) OH was measured and further ...
Deakin-Bell Nicole - - 2013
AIM: Whilst there have been comparisons of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) with other gold standard developmental assessments, research concerning the free-text comments section of the questionnaire has been limited. The objective of this paper is to assess whether parental concerns expressed in the free-text comments section of the ...
Hjellvik Vidar - - 2013
Overweight-obesity and smoking are two main preventable causes of premature death. Because the relationship between smoking and body mass index (BMI) complicates the interpretation of associations between BMI and death risks, direct estimates of risks associated with joint exposures are helpful. We have studied the relationships of BMI and smoking ...
Le Fourn Valerie - - 2013
Multisubunit protein complexes are assembled in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Existing pools of single subunits and assembly intermediates ensure the efficient and rapid formation of complete complexes. While being kinetically beneficial, surplus components must be eliminated to prevent potentially harmful accumulation in the ER. Surplus single chains are cleared by ...
Raj Vimal Master Sankar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exertional heat stroke (EHS) results in a constellation of systemic inflammatory responses resulting in multiorgan failure and an extremely high mortality. CASE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENTS: We present the case of an 11-year-old obese male who suffered EHS with rhabdomyolysis and concurrent renal, pulmonary, and hepatic failure. Conventional therapies including ...
Koller Matthias - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery after massive weight loss remains a fast growing subspecialty. However, very few studies exist that investigate the quality of life and psychological outcome after body lift surgery. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients (25 females and 2 males) who had undergone bariatric surgery were scheduled for circumferential body lifting of ...
Oliveira Regiane Alves - - 2013
The development of agricultural activities coincides with the increased use of pesticides to control pests, which can also be harmful to nontarget insects such as bees. Thus, the goal of this work was assess the toxic effects of thiamethoxam on newly emerged worker bees of Apis mellifera (africanized honeybee-AHB). Initially, ...
Gelfman Laura P LP National Palliative Care Research Center and Hertzberg Palliative Care Institute of Brookdale Department of Geriatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA. - - 2013
Palliative care clinical and educational programs are expanding to meet the needs of seriously ill patients and their families. Multiple reports call for an enhanced palliative care evidence base. To examine current National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding of palliative medicine research and changes since our 2008 report. We sought ...
Stefan Norbert - - 2013
The liver is known to be involved in the natural history of the ongoing epidemics of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. In particular, the liver has a role in increased glucose production and dysregulated lipoprotein metabolism, conditions that are often found in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. ...
Oyama Katsunobu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a new combination antiemetic therapy comprising aprepitant, granisetron, and dexamethasone in gastric cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy with cisplatin and S-1. METHODS: Gastric cancer patients scheduled to receive their first course of chemotherapy with cisplatin (60 mg/m(2)) and S-1 (80 mg/m(2)) were treated with a ...
Scanlon Micheál D - - 2013
Rarely reported low-cost molybdenum boride and carbide microparticles, both of which are available in abundant quantities due to their widespread use in industry, adsorb at aqueous acid-1,2-dichloroethane interfaces and efficiently catalyse the hydrogen evolution reaction in the presence of the organic electron donor - decamethylferrocene. Kinetic studies monitoring biphasic reactions ...
Cook Catherine - - 2013
COOK C. Nursing Inquiry 2013 The sexual health consultation as a moral occasion Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are socially constructed as more 'dirty' than other gynaecological conditions. This article analyses women's accounts of interactions with clinicians, subsequent to a diagnosis of genital herpes simplex virus or human papilloma virus. Women ...
Kovač-Andrić Elvira - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate ozone, variations, and its correlation with meteorological parameters at a remote location on the Mali Lošinj Island, which has been a tourist and health resort area in the northern Adriatic. The measured data are discussed in relation to the EU guidelines (Directive ...
Quan Lin-Hu - - 2013
In this study, the major ginsenoside Rb1 was transformed into the more pharmacologically active minor compound K by food grade Lactobacillus paralimentarius LH4, which was isolated from kimchi, a traditional Korean fermented food. The enzymatic reaction was analyzed by TLC, HPLC, and NMR. Using the cell-free enzyme of Lactobacillus paralimentarius ...
Wang Haobin - - 2013
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PaCa) being the deadliest cancer is partly due to early metastatic spread. Thus, we searched for PaCa initiating cell (PaCIC) markers with emphasis on markers contributing to metastatic progression. PaCIC were enriched from long-term and freshly-established lines by repeated selection for spheroid or holoclone growth in advance of ...
Hwang Y-C - - 2013
Aims:  The study investigated the clinical equivalence in reducing haemoglobin A1c (A1C) between glimepiride/metformin sustained release (GM-SR) 2/500 mg, a fixed-dose combination, once daily and glimepiride/metformin (GM) 1/250 mg, a fixed-dose combination, twice daily in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods:  A multicentre, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy study was conducted in 14 ...
Maréchal Raphaël - - 2013
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the fourth or fifth leading cause of death from cancer in Western industrialized countries. Surgical resection is the only chance of cure, but only 15-20 % of cases are potentially resectable at presentation, and despite complete resection, the overall prognosis remains relatively poor. Adjuvant therapy has ...
To Sarah Q - - 2013
Expression of the oestrogen producing enzyme, aromatase, is regulated in a tissue-specific manner by its encoding gene CYP19A1. In post-menopausal women, the major site for oestrogen production in the breast is the adipose, where CYP19A1 transcription is driven by the distal promoter I.4 (PI.4). Transcripts via this promoter are also ...
Zhu Longbao - - 2013
The industrial-scale production of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) mainly uses strains of Rhodotorula. However, the PAL gene from Rhodotorula has not been cloned. Here, the full-length gene of PAL from Rhodotorula glutinis was isolated. It was 2,121 bp, encoding a polypeptide with 706 amino acids and a calculated MW of 75.5 kDa. Though ...
Liu Bing-Bing - - 2013
Two extremely halophilic archaea, designated YIM 93701(T) and YIM 93664, were isolated from Lop Nur region in Xinjiang Province, northwest of China. The cells of the two strains were observed to be cocci, non-motile and Gram-negative. The organisms were determined to be aerobic and required at least 6 % NaCl for ...
Christoffers Wietske A - - 2013
Background. Acrylates constitute an important cause of occupational contact dermatitis. Isobornyl acrylate sensitization has been reported in only 2 cases. We encountered an industrial process operator with occupational contact dermatitis caused by isobornyl acrylate. Objectives. (i) To investigate whether it is relevant to add isobornyl acrylate to the (meth)acrylate test ...
Eldarouti Mohammad - - 2013
Abstract Background: No effective treatment has been found for epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica (EBD). Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in treating EBD. Methods: This randomized controlled double blinded study included 35 patients with severe generalized EBD. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups; group I (18 ...
Keating Gillian M - - 2013
Results of the landmark European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons trial and additional prospective and retrospective studies support the use of intracameral cefuroxime in the prophylaxis of endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. Prophylaxis with intracameral cefuroxime at the recommended dose appears to be well tolerated in patients undergoing cataract surgery. ...
Zhang Min-Yi - - 2013
The excited-state proton transfer (ESPT) via proton transfer wires in green fluorescent protein (GFP) plays an important role on the spectroscopic of GFP. In this work, we use the proton transfer wires and the chromophore complex to simulate the tautomer structures of neutral state and the intermediate state in wt-GFP. ...
Heinen Tiago Elias TE Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Rua Sarmento Leite 245, Porto Alegre, RS, 90050-170, - - 2014
Many active principles produced by animals, plants and microorganisms have been employed in the development of new drugs for the treatment of human diseases. Among animals known to produce pharmacologically active molecules that interfere in human cell physiology, the caterpillar Lonomia obliqua has become the focus of toxicological studies due ...
Fedorov Roman G - - 2013
We demonstrate localized electrodeposition of anisotropic metal nanoobjects, namely Au nanorods (GNR), on indium tin oxide (ITO) using scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). A gold microelectrode was the source of the gold ions whereby double pulse chronoamperometry was employed to generate initially Au seeds which were further grown under controlled conditions. ...
Hing Nerilee - - 2013
The gambling activities of minority groups such as Indigenous peoples are usually culturally complex and poorly understood. To redress the scarcity of information and contribute to a better understanding of gambling by Indigenous people, this paper presents quantitative evidence gathered at three Australian Indigenous festivals, online and in several Indigenous ...
Acosta A X - - 2013
Brazil is the largest country in Latin America, with an ethnically diverse, Portuguese-speaking and predominantly Roman Catholic population of some 194 million. Universal health care is provided under the Federal Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde) but, as in many other middle and low income countries, access to medical ...
Wiesel Inna - - 2013
Mo(2)C nanoparticles encapsulated within MoS(2) inorganic fullerene-like nanoparticles and nanotubes were produced by carbothermal reaction at 1200-1300 °C inside a vertical induction furnace. The particles were analyzed using various electron microscopy techniques and complementary methods.
Kappel Viola V Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany. - - 2013
Despite several modifications and the wide use of the monetary incentive delay paradigm (MID; Knutson et al. in J Neurosci 21(16):RC159, 2001a) for assessing reward processing, evidence concerning its application in children is scarce. A first child-friendly MID modification has been introduced by Gotlib et al. (Arch Gen Psychiatry 67(4): ...
Slezak Michal - - 2013
Chronic opioid use leads to the structural reorganization of neuronal networks, involving genetic reprogramming in neurons and glial cells. Our previous in vivo studies have revealed that a significant fraction of the morphine-induced alterations to the striatal transcriptome included glucocorticoid (GC) receptor (GR)-dependent genes. Additional analyses suggested glial cells to ...
Souto Giovanna Ribeiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The glucose transporter type 1 (GLUT-1) protein is a useful marker for perineurial cells. Because of the possible neuroectodermal histogenesis of the granular cell tumour and congenital granular cell epulis, the aim of this study was to assess the immunoexpression of GLUT-1 protein in granular cell tumour and congenital ...
Baba T T - - 2013
Simvastatin suppresses myoblast differentiation via inhibition of Rac GTPase, which is involved in the mevalonic acid pathway that produces cholesterol. Statins also inhibit adipogenic differentiation and receptor activator of NFκB ligand (RANKL) expression, possibly through the mevalonic acid pathway, although the involvement of that pathway and effector proteins in these ...
Anderson Tim J - - 2013
The neural pathways and brain regions involved in eye movements during ocular fixation and gaze control include the cerebrum, brainstem and cerebellum, and abnormal eye movements can indicate the presence of neurodegeneration. In some patients, oculomotor signs are key to making a diagnosis. Careful clinical examination of eye movements in ...
Nidheesh Puthiya Veetil - - 2013
Several industries are using dyes as coloring agents. The effluents from these industries are increasingly becoming an environmental problem. The removal of dyes from aqueous solution has a great potential in the field of environmental engineering. This paper reviews the classification, characteristics, and problems of dyes in detail. Advantages and ...
Fujita Shuji - - 2013
We developed an efficient bioelectrocatalytic system for glucose oxidation by introducing hydrophilic glucose-permeable antibiotic channels into liposomes.
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