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Zwicker Jill G - - 2013
Premature infants are at risk for adverse motor outcomes, including cerebral palsy and developmental coordination disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of antenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors for abnormal development of the corticospinal tract, the major voluntary motor pathway, during the neonatal period. In ...
Zagouri Flora - - 2013
The main indication of prophylactic mastectomy pertains to BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers. Prophylactic mastectomy includes the simple method and the subcutaneous method. Both methods can be followed by breast plastic reconstruction either at the same time or later. This review examines key issues regarding prophylactic mastectomy: the selection of ...
Wu Xiujun - - 2013
Purpose: To determine the allele frequency of three codon-changing variants (CYP2C8*2, CYP2C8*3, and CYP2C8*4) in the Han, Uighur, Hui, and Mongolian Chinese populations, and compare genetic polymorphism differences between the Han and minority Chinese ethnicities. Methods: Five hundred seventy four healthy unrelated volunteers from four major nationalities (Han: 136; Uighur: ...
Peña-Suárez Elsa - - 2013
Background: Organizational climate is the set of perceptions shared by workers who occupy the same workplace. The main goal of this study is to develop a new organizational climate scale and to determine its psychometric properties. Method: The sample consisted of 3,163 Health Service workers. A total of 88.7% of ...
Hong Kwang Dae - - 2013
Aberrant activation of the hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is associated with tumorigenesis in various tissues. In colorectal cancer (CRC), evidence for Hh activation is inconsistent, and the relationship between the Hh signaling pathway and lymphangiogenesis has not been studied. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between ...
Jones James W - - 2013
An elderly woman was brought to the emergency room (ER) hypotensive in a confused mental state from what turned out at exploration to be a ruptured splenic artery aneurysm. You are in the operating room, and the anesthesiologist has just hung the first unit of blood but has not started ...
Ato García Manuel - - 2013
Background: With the 2-way mixed model, one a fixed factor and the other random, the procedure followed to test statistical significance of the random factor has been the focus of a heated controversy in theoretical and applied statistics, and the debating continues even now. One of the main consequences of ...
Hunter Susan M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of 2 products on venous ulcer periwound skin. DESIGN:: This was a descriptive comparative study. SETTING:: An outpatient wound care clinic in a rural Midwestern area of the United States. PARTICIPANTS:: Participants included a retrospective group of 50 patients ...
Esplin Brandt L - - 2013
Amyloidosis is a rare disease in which insoluble extracellular protein fibrils in β-pleated sheets infiltrate multiple organs, causing organ dysfunction and failure. Amyloidoses are generally classified into light chain or primary systemic amyloidosis, hereditary amyloidosis (most commonly, transthyretin amyloidosis), senile systemic amyloidosis, secondary amyloidosis, and isolated atrial amyloidosis. At least ...
Sallevelt Suzanne C E H - - 2013
Mitochondrial or oxidative phosphorylation diseases are relatively frequent, multisystem disorders; in about 15% of cases they are caused by maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. Because of the possible severity of the phenotype, the lack of effective treatment, and the high recurrence risk for offspring of carrier females, couples wish ...
Alzate Mónica - - 2013
Background: The concept of Reconciliation as applied to inter-group conflict has come into use only recently. Throughout the history of Psychology, Reconciliation was mostly understood at the individual and inter-personal level. Method: In the present study we shall analyse the roles played by trust, negotiating attitude, legitimacy and ethnocentric attitude ...
Saukko Paula - - 2013
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests have aroused controversy. Critics have argued many of the tests are not backed by scientific evidence, misguide their customers and should be regulated more stringently. Proponents suggest that finding out genetic susceptibilities for diseases could encourage healthier behaviours and makes the results of genetics research available ...
Luke Rebecca R - - 2013
We report a patient with Sturge-Weber syndrome without facial angioma, who presented with seizures and normal initial imaging results. The patient experienced several years without seizures before a sudden increase in seizure frequency, followed by an atypical evolution of imaging findings prompting biopsy to establish the diagnosis. This case highlights ...
Gyawali C P - - 2013
Esophageal motor function is highly coordinated between central and enteric nervous systems and the esophageal musculature, which consists of proximal skeletal and distal smooth muscle in three functional regions, the upper and lower esophageal sphincters, and the esophageal body. While upper endoscopy is useful in evaluating for structural disorders of ...
Chung Kevin K H KK Department of Special Education and Counselling, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Tai Po, Hong Kong. - - 2013
This study investigated the relative contribution of syntactic awareness to Chinese reading among Chinese-speaking adolescent readers with and without dyslexia. A total of 78 junior high school students in Hong Kong, 26 dyslexic adolescent readers, 26 average adolescent readers of the same age (chronological age control group) and 26 younger ...
Fälth Linda L Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden. - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of three computerized interventions on the reading skills of children with reading disabilities in Grade 2. This longitudinal intervention study included five test sessions over 1 year. Two test points occur before the intervention, and three afterwards. The last ...
Zheng G G Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
Chronic psychological stress (CPS) is associated with increased intestinal epithelial permeability and visceral hyperalgesia. It is unknown whether corticosterone (CORT) plays a role in mediating alterations of epithelial permeability in response to CPS. Male rats were subjected to 1-h water avoidance (WA) stress or subcutaneous CORT injection daily for 10 ...
Sinha Sidhartha S St. George's Vascular Institute, St. George's Healthcare NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Junctional vascular trauma such as that at the thoracic outlet poses particular challenges in surgical management. The use of endovascular techniques for such injuries is attractive as repair may be facilitated without the need for thoracotomy; however, the utility of such techniques is currently based on opinion, small retrospective series, ...
Colville Gillian A GA Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK. - - 2013
A number of studies have reported on parental/clinician reports of children's quality of life after intensive care treatment. The aim of this study was to establish children's own views of their outcome. [corrected]. Prospective cohort study. [corrected]. Twenty-one bed PICU in a tertiary Children's Hospital. Ninety-seven children aged over 7 ...
Weisenfeld Neil I NI Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
The cerebellum plays an important role in motor learning and cognition, and structural cerebellar abnormalities have been associated with cognitive impairment. In tuberous sclerosis complex, neurologic outcome is highly variable, and no consistent imaging or pathologic determinant of cognition has been firmly established. The cerebellum calls for specific attention because ...
Zhou Zhaoli Z Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United - - 2013
This paper describes a method to control neuronal cell adhesion and differentiation with both chemical and topographic cues by using a spatially defined polymer brush pattern. First, biomimetic methacrylate polymer brushes containing tethered neurotransmitter acetylcholine functionalities in the form of dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate or free hydroxyl-terminated poly(ethylene glycol) units were prepared ...
Redlinger-Grosse Krista - - 2013
Genetic counselor self-disclosure is a complex behavior that lacks extensive characterization. In particular, data are limited about genetic counselors' responses when patients ask them to self-disclose. Accordingly, this study investigated genetic counseling students' (n = 114) and practicing genetic counselors' (n = 123) responses to two hypothetical scenarios in which a female prenatal patient ...
Valdez-Lowe Claudia - - 2013
This study was designed to determine the roles most salient for individuals following a myocardial infarction (MI) and identify relationships among worker demographics, depression, illness intrusion, role identity, and self-esteem. Thirty participants 18 years or older, paid employees working 20 or more hours per week immediately prior to the MI, ...
Van der Bracht H - - 2013
PURPOSE: To analyze anatomical risk factors and surgical technique dependent variables, which determine the risk for femoral notch impingement in anatomically correct placed tibial tunnels for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. METHODS: Twenty fresh frozen adult human knee specimens under the age of 65 years were used. Digital templates mimicking a ...
Elbasan Z - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: It has been recently shown that cardiac syndrome X (CSX) patients with slow coronary flow (SCF) have a worse long-term prognosis than those with normal coronary flow. Increased uric acid levels were shown to be associated with atherosclerosis, oxidative stress, and endothelial dysfunction. The purpose of the study was ...
Zeller Janice M - - 2013
Workplace stress within health care settings is rampant and predicted to increase in coming years. The profound effects of workplace stress on the health and safety of nursing personnel and the financial impact on organizations are well documented. Although organizational modification can reduce some sources of stress, several unique stress-producing ...
Ihbe-Heffinger Angela - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate frequency and severity of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and its economic consequences after standard dose (immuno-)chemotherapy (CT) of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subanalysis of a prospective, multicentre, longitudinal, observational cohort study; data were collected from patient interviews and pre-planned chart reviews. Costs were aggregated ...
Friedel S - - 2013
The uveal effusion syndrome is a rare disease characterized by serous choroidal detachment. The pathogenesis of idiopathic uveal effusion syndrome has not yet been conclusively established. One hypothesis is an abnormality of diffusion of extravascular proteins in the choroid leading to decompensation of the pigment epithelium pumping capacity. Fluid then ...
Xu Yan - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine if anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is superior to anatomic single-bundle reconstruction in restoring the stabilities and functions of the knee joint. METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical study was done to compare the results of 32 cases of anatomic single-bundle ACL reconstruction and 34 cases ...
Wu Jie - - 2013
As a representative element of lanthanide, lanthanum has been widely used in various fields and eventually entered environment and accumulated in human body. Epidemiological and experimental evidences indicated that lanthanum has neurotoxicity; however, the detailed mechanism is still elusive. Here, we chose primary cerebral cortical neurons as model in vitro ...
Handzel D M - - 2013
The intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) describes an ophthalmologically relevant phenomenon which is observed after systemic intake of alpha blockers for treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia. This leads to an increase in intraoperative complications in cataract surgery characterized by a flaccid iris which billows in response to currents with a ...
Sekeryapan Berrak - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of oral isotretinoin therapy on retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell layer (GCL) thickness by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). This prospective study included newly diagnosed nodulocystic acne patients about to receive isotretinoin treatment. Macular average GCL thickness and peripapillary average, temporal, nasal, ...
Göbel K - - 2013
The early detection of functional glaucoma damage plays an increasingly more central role in the diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma disease. Using selective perimetry detection of early glaucomatous defects is more likely and one of these methods is flicker perimetry with Pulsar. Flicker perimetry is used to analyze the temporal ...
Jacobi H - - 2013
Spinocerebellar ataxias are genetically heterogeneous autosomal dominant ataxia disorders. To date more than 30 different subtypes are known. In Germany particularly SCA1, SCA2, SCA3 and SCA6 are prevalent, as well as the less frequent subtypes SCA5, SCA14, SCA15, SCA17 and SCA28. Genetic causes range from coding repeat expansions (polyglutamine diseases), ...
Ohshima Yasuhiro - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: 3-[(18)F]Fluoro-α-methyl-L-tyrosine (L-[(18)F]FAMT) is a useful amino acid tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of malignant tumors. Because D-amino acids are not well distributed in non-target organs and are rapidly excreted in urine, the D-isomer of [(18)F]FAMT could allow clear PET imaging of tumors early after administration. In this ...
Chirica Mircea - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Recent data support liver resection (LR) as first-line approach in patients with preserved liver function who have resectable/transplantable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was designed to evaluate the outcome of LR in patients with transplantable HCC. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2009, 75 patients (65 men, mean age 61 ± 11 years) with ...
Kim Han Sang - - 2013
PURPOSE: Previous studies have not defined the role of telemonitoring with educational tools in outpatients with advanced cancers. We tested the effectiveness of standardized education and telemonitoring for improving pain, distress, anxiety, depression, quality of life (QoL), and performance in outpatients with advanced cancers. METHODS: A total of 108 patients ...
Yao Q - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of non-electrocardiogram-gated (non-ECG-gated) multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in the evaluation of infracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in neonate and infant patients. METHODS: Nine patients aged from 2 days to 3 months were included in this study. All clinical and ...
Kristensen Pia Kjær - - 2013
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a painful procedure requiring intensive postoperative pain management. Femoral nerve block is widely used in ACL surgery. However, femoral nerve block does not cover the donor site of the hamstring tendons. Local infiltration analgesia is a simple technique that has proven effective ...
Khoramnia R - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of bilateral intrastromal femtosecond laser correction of presbyopia (INTRACOR). METHODS: In a prospective study 17 patients were enrolled who had previously received binocular treatment in a two-step approach. Postoperative (4-8 months) outcomes were compared with a matched control group ...
Illingworth Kenneth David - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between the Western Ontario and McMasters Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Knee Injury Osteoarthritis Outcomes scores (KOOS) and the degree of tibiofemoral cartilage loss on plain radiography and 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We hypothesize that these subjective outcome ...
Liu K - - 2013
Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is a common cause of secondary hypertension. Noninvasive tests such as computed tomography angiography (CTA) or magnetic resonance angiography have a high specificity and sensitivity for the diagnosis. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is, however, the gold standard with which RVH can be reliably diagnosed. We report the ...
Hoffmann W - - 2013
To manage the current demographics and the expected medical, nursing, and social care needs of the population, structural changes are needed in the German health care system. On the regional level, there is a shortage of general practitioners in Germany. In the future, the number of affected regions will likely ...
Amin Alpesh - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the burden of hyponatremia in terms of hospital resource utilization, costs, and 30-day hospital readmission among patients hospitalized for heart failure (HF) in routine clinical practice. Methods: Hyponatremic (HN) patients (≥18 years of age) with HF discharged between January 2, 2007 and March 31, 2010 were ...
Nakayama Hiroshi - - 2013
A 23-year-old female presented with pain in the left hip. Radiological examination showed developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) combined with acetabular retroversion and posterior wall deficiency. Findings in the physical examination were coincident with femoroacetabular impingement. At surgery, we performed curved periacetabular osteotomy concomitant with arthroscopic labral repair and ...
Watanabe Ken-ichi K Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori, 036-8562, - - 2013
A traumatic thoracic aortic injury is a severe and life-threatening clinical entity. Although largely fatal; if untreated, these injuries are amenable to surgical repair if appropriately diagnosed. Therefore, early triage of this condition is critically important. Unfortunately, aortic injuries rarely occur in isolation, and there has been no good cutoff ...
Peruzzotti-Jametti Luca - - 2013
Treating neurologic disorders with noninvasive brain stimulation techniques has always been one of the major goals of neurophysiology and to a broad extent, of modern neurology and psychiatry. The first attempts date back at least to 50 ad, when the Roman physician Scribonius Largus used electric currents from torpedo fishes ...
Varelius Jukka - - 2013
It has been argued that voluntary euthanasia (VE) and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) are morally wrong. Yet, a gravely suffering patient might insist that he has a moral right to the procedures even if they were morally wrong. There are also philosophers who maintain that an agent can have a moral ...
Milone F - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: The impact on the survival of bone metastases (BM) in patients with neuroendocrine tumor (NET) is a matter of debate. BM have a key role in causing symptoms and in decreasing patients' quality of life. Although the mechanisms of the development of BM are not completely clear, it ...
Tsuda Makoto - - 2013
Neuropathic pain is a highly debilitating chronic pain state that is a consequence of nerve injury or of diseases such as diabetes, cancer, infection, autoimmune disease, or trauma. Neuropathic pain is often resistant to currently available analgesics. There is a rapidly growing body of evidence indicating that signalings from spinal ...
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