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Xu Fang - - 2013
Adventitial fibroblasts (AFs) are the main cell type in the adventitia, however, their role in atherosclerosis remains unclear. We have investigate the role of AFs in atherosclerotic lesion formation by comparing the characteristics of AFs from apoE(-/-) to C57BL/6 mice. A minority of AFs from apoE(-/-) mice expressed α-SM-actin, but ...
Yokoyama Shinya - - 2013
We report a successful one-stage biventricular repair of truncus arteriosus communis with interrupted aortic arch in a neonate. This newborn girl was diagnosed with truncus arteriosus communis type III-B (Congenital Heart Surgeons Society classification) by the echocardiography and three-dimensional computed tomography. We present a new reconstructive approach for such heart ...
Carter Yvonne M - - 2013
Patients with end-stage achalasia may not be candidates for a transhiatal minimally invasive esophageal resection because of anatomic challenges and adhesions from previous interventions, namely, thoracotomy. Given the tactile feedback provided through a GelPort laparoscopic system (Applied Medical, Rancho Margarita, CA) we proposed that a minimally invasive transhiatal esophagectomy would ...
Joseph Sigi P - - 2013
Controversy exists but most surgeons agree that surgical treatment for failed conservative management of adhesion-related small bowel obstruction (SBO) should be within 48 hours. However, many find themselves delaying definitive treatment in the hopes of resolution. Our aim was to determine what impact timing has on surgical outcomes of SBO. ...
Kirton Adam - - 2013
Perinatal stroke is presented as the ideal human model of developmental neuroplasticity. The precise timing, mechanisms, and locations of specific perinatal stroke diseases provide common examples of well defined, focal, perinatal brain injuries. Motor disability (hemiparetic cerebral palsy) constitutes the primary adverse outcome and the focus of models explaining how ...
Vigil-Colet Andreu - - 2013
Background: The aim of the present research was to develop a short measure for the five-factor model personality traits, which allows scores free of social desirability and acquiescence effects to be obtained. Method: Scales were created using recently developed methods to control response bias effects in a sample of 3,838 ...
Kaiser Dominik - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: To compare postoperative healing of split-thickness skin graft (STSG) donor sites using traditional dressings (paraffin gauze) or modern wound dressings (alginate dressing and polyurethane film) in a randomized controlled trial. METHOD:: Thirty patients were randomly assigned to treatment of an STSG donor site with an alginate dressing and a ...
Habib Syed Shahid - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the obesity prevalence in Saudi adults according to the international standards of body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%). METHODS: Five hundred and thirty healthy Saudi adults aged 18-72 years (mean 36.91 ±15.22 years) were enrolled in this study. Their body composition was assessed by ...
Shetty Prathibha - - 2013
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be an alternative to foetal cells in the treatment of several neurodegenerative diseases, especially Parkinson's disease (PD). We have previously demonstrated the functional efficacy of the undifferentiated bone marrow MSCs (BMMSCs) cultured in a xenofree conditions in PD animal models. We now demonstrate isolation of ...
Matsuhisa Hironori - - 2013
The incidence of pulmonary vein stenosis after correction of a cardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection in neonates may be underestimated because of the small population of patients; however, it is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. This report describes a primary sutureless repair and anterior translocation of the atrial ...
Zhang Fu-Wei - - 2013
Endovascular stent-graft exclusion has proven to be a safe and effective alternative for adult patients with patent ductus arteriosus. We present a case of a 38-year-old woman with a large, symptomatic ductus. However, her small femoral and iliac arteries limited the access options. The patient underwent laparotomy and end-to-side anastomosis ...
Edvardson Simon - - 2013
Early infantile epileptic encephalopathies usually manifest as severely impaired cognitive and motor development and often result in a devastating permanent global developmental delay and intellectual disability. A large set of genes has been implicated in the aetiology of this heterogeneous group of disorders. Among these, the ion channelopathies play a ...
Yim Deane - - 2013
Congenital coronary arterial fistula is a rare cause of congestive heart failure in neonates. We describe a neonate who developed early symptoms because of an unusually large left coronary artery to right ventricular fistula. Computed tomography and coronary angiography delineated anatomy and facilitated successful surgical closure.
Tsai Yuan-Ming - - 2013
Management of empyema with bronchopleural fistula remains a challenge. A 38-year-old man who had bullous emphysema was hospitalized on account of a right-sided necrotizing pneumonia complicated by empyema that mandated a tube drainage. Persistent air leak from the chest tube was noted, and chest computed tomography confirmed an empyema cavity ...
Jiang Zhi-Peng - - 2013
The present study investigated bladder and urogenital fatty fascial compartment (UFFC) variations during bladder filling in an attempt to identify other possible causes of hernia repair-related bladder injury besides mesh migration. The study included 30 patients scheduled for abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan for nonhernia diseases. Sixty-four-slice CT scan was ...
Kraiss Larry W - - 2013
With the overall goal of enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of vascular care, the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) recently completed a process by which it identified its top clinical research priorities to address critical gaps in knowledge guiding practitioners in prevention and treatment of vascular disease. After a survey ...
Quevedo-Blasco Raúl - - 2013
Background: There is a growing interest in evaluating the contents of scientific Psychology journals and therefore, to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of Psicothema, we aim to provide an insight into its historical evolution. The objective of this study was to carry out a bibliometric analysis of the articles published from ...
Jia Hai Quan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of vaporized hydrogen peroxide (VHP) for the bio-decontamination of the high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter unit. METHODS: Self-made or commercially available bioindicators were placed at designated locations in the HEPA filter unit under VHP fumigation. The spores on coupons were then extracted by 0.5 ...
Young Andrew Joseph - - 2013
Bladder pressure measurements (BPMs) are considered a key component in the diagnosis of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). The purpose of this observational review was to determine risk factors of ACS and associated mortality with particular focus on the role of BPM. A retrospective trauma registry and chart review was performed ...
Usui Akihiko - - 2013
We developed a needle stick technique for treating hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Three 21-gauge needles are inserted into the interventricular septum just below the aortic valve annulus beyond the far side of the septal bulge. The right and left needles are both side margins, and the center needle is a guide ...
Chanussot-Deprez Caroline - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Telemedicine (TM) is a new, rapidly evolving area and can be of great value in the provision of healthcare to remote and rural populations. Wound healing and wound management are prime candidates for TM. The treatment of skin ulcers requires frequent assessments of local wound status and adjustment of ...
Jacques Frederic - - 2013
Loeys-Dietz syndrome can present with cardiovascular complications in infancy. We report the successful surgical management in a 1-month-old infant with Loeys-Dietz syndrome of a ductus arteriosus aneurysm with an unexpected contained rupture found at the time of surgery.
Feng Jian - - 2013
Neurofibromas arising from the trachea and bronchus are relatively rare. We report the case of a 42-year-old woman who came to our hospital with severe shortness of breath. Right sleeve pneumonectomy was performed, and neurofibroma was confirmed by pathologic examination. In a search of the world literature, 28 cases of ...
Perea Manuel - - 2013
Background:  The publication norms of the American Psychological Association recommend the use of a serif font in the manuscripts (Times New Roman). However, there seems to be no well-substantiated reason why serif fonts would produce any advantage during letter/word processing. Method: This study presents an experiment in which sentences were ...
Takahashi Koji - - 2013
Pulmonary venoocclusive disease, classified as a subgroup of pulmonary arterial hypertension, is known to show poor prognosis and lung transplantation is the only possible treatment. Single living-donor lobar lung transplantation is a unique method of treatment, mostly for small children, and size matching is the most important factor to conduct ...
Stumbo Phyllis J - - 2013
Methods for conducting dietary assessment in the United States date back to the early twentieth century. Methods of assessment encompassed dietary records, written and spoken dietary recalls, FFQ using pencil and paper and more recently computer and internet applications. Emerging innovations involve camera and mobile telephone technology to capture food ...
Del Río Ferres Eva - - 2013
Background: Studies conducted in several countries have documented that women with disabilities are more vulnerable to experience gender-based violence than women without disabilities. Method: A total of 96 women, 45 with visual disabilities and 51 with physical disabilities, were interviewed to determine the prevalence of violence and its possible relations ...
Song Er Qun - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the nature of the metabolites formed from the phase I metabolism (hydroxylation and oxidation) and phase II metabolism (glutathionyl conjugation) of PCBs that have different chlorine substitution patterns. To discuss the structure-activity relationships and metabolic mechanisms of PCBs. METHODS: 4-Cl-biphenyl (PCB3), 4,4'-Cl-biphenyl (PCB15), 3,4,3',4'-Cl-biphenyl (PCB77) were used ...
Ogienko Anna A - - 2013
Capping protein (CP) is a well-characterised actin-binding protein important for regulation of actin filament (AF) assembly. CP caps the barbed end of AFs, inhibiting the addition and loss of actin monomers. In Drosophila melanogaster, the gene encoding CP β-subunit is named capping protein beta (cpb; see Hopmann et al. [1996] ...
Notebaert Anneleen - - 2013
We report on a 13-year-old boy who presented with signs suggestive of encephalitis and in whom magnetic resonance imaging revealed lesions in the genu and splenium of the corpus callosum and symmetrical lesions bilaterally in the center semiovale. This clinical-radiologic entity was previously reported in the literature and was given ...
Li Yan Hong - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study age and educational level and their relationship with fall-related injuries in Shanghai and to analyze the relevant costs. METHODS: Multistage cluster sampling was used for the selection of participants and standardized questionnaires were used for the information collection in 2006. Information on cases and deaths caused by ...
Pacelli Fabio - - 2013
Neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT), tailored mesorectal excision, and intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) have become the leading measures for rectal cancer treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate early and long-term results of a multimodal treatment model for rectal cancer followed by curative surgery. Prospectively collected hospital records of 338 patients ...
Gupta D K - - 2013
Every day it is easy to find news articles detailing the impact of drug shortages on patients. Where this was once only a concern of patients with rare, orphan diseases, it is now the concern of patients receiving even the most common chemotherapeutic regimens, the most efficacious antimicrobial therapy, or ...
Charidimou Andreas - - 2013
When most doctors encounter older patients with transient focal neurological symptoms, they usually suspect a diagnosis of transient ischemic attacks or some of their known mimics (including migraine auras or focal seizures). This article emphasizes new observations on transient focal neurological episodes in the context of cerebral amyloid angiopathy, a ...
Georgiou Chrysanthos - - 2013
Although surgical and angiointervention techniques remain the cornerstone for the management of severe bleeding after trauma, adjunct therapeutic strategies such as local or systemic hemostatic agents can play an important role. This article reviews the role and efficacy of the available hemostatic agents.
Teagarden J R - - 2013
Pharmacy benefit managers are connected to some 215 million Americans and to every prescribing physician and retail pharmacy in the United States. Many of them have their own large and sophisticated dispensing operations. These capabilities could be put to use when drug shortages threaten life. Indeed, these capabilities are such ...
Peláez-Fernández María A - - 2013
Background: This study presents normative data on the Spanish Version of the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (S-EDE-Q) for adolescents and young adults in Spain. Method: A sample of 1,543 men and women, aged 12 - 21 years, completed the S-EDE-Q as part of a larger assessment battery. Results: Means, standard ...
Li Zhuo-Ri - - 2013
To explore the effects of Mucins (MUC)1-shRNA on the proliferation and hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha expression of human cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) QBC939 cells in vitro. MUC1-shRNA was constructed and transfected with Lipofectamine™ 2000 into cultured CCA cells. MUC1 mRNA and protein expression levels were determined by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. ...
Silva Rafaela Maria Seabra - - 2013
Objective: Polymorphisms that reduce the activity of reduced folate carrier (RFC) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and double (2R2R) or triple (3R3R) 28-bp tandem repeats in the promoter region of thymidylate synthase (TS) have been associated with the risk of childhood acute leukemia (AL). A case-control genotyping study was conducted in ...
Piantino Juan A - - 2013
In the pediatric population, intracranial fusiform aneurysms have been associated with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and rarely with opportunistic infections related to other immunodeficiencies. The HIV virus and other infectious organisms have been implicated in the pathophysiology of these aneurysms. We present a child with T-cell immunodeficiency but no ...
van Venrooij Lenny M W - - 2013
Loss of body tissue resulting in undernutrition can be caused by reduced food intake, altered metabolism, ageing, and physical inactivity. The predominant cause of undernutrition before cardiac operations is unknown. First, we explored the association of reduced food intake and inactivity with undernutrition in patients before elective cardiac operations. Second, ...
Broome James T - - 2013
Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (RA) provides a direct approach to the adrenal gland. RA represents a complex approach with unique orientation that is less intuitive. The authors objectively evaluated the impact of mentorship on the performance of RA and also compared it with laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA). After implementing the use of RA, ...
Cohen José E - - 2013
Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator was the first successful stroke therapy in acute ischaemic stroke, after innumerable failed attempts at neuroprotection and neurorestoration. However, intravenous tissue type plasminogen activator has been shown to be effective in recanalizing middle cerebral artery occlusions in only about one-third of cases. The natural history of ...
Li Tian Zhi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Simulated Microgravity and its Associated Mechanism on Pulmonary Circulation in Rats). METHODS: Rat tail-suspension model was used to simulate the physiological effects of microgravity and changes in pulmonary blood vessel morphology, pulmonary arterial and venous blood pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance, pulmonary vasomotoricity, as well ...
Abruzzo Todd - - 2013
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is a rare cause of headache and stroke in the pediatric population. Reversible vasoconstriction is reported in a 19-month-old girl with retinoblastoma who underwent selective ophthalmic artery infusion chemotherapy with melphalan. Procedure-related cerebral vasoconstriction was specifically triggered during coadministration of adjunctive medications, which included mydriatic eye ...
Bandrés Javier - - 2013
Criminal Psychology in Franco's Police. Background: Francisco J. de Echalecu (1897-1957) was a Spanish psychiatrist who held important positions, such as Psychology Professor at the Academia General de Policía and Neuropsychiatrist at the Dirección General de Seguridad. Method: This work provides a brief biography of Echalecu and analyzes the transcriptions ...
Kölbel Tilo - - 2013
A 67-year-old patient with severe comorbidities and acute type A aortic dissection with pericardial tamponade was treated with an endograft introduced through a mini-thoracotomy and puncture of the left ventricular apex. Final angiography showed complete coverage of the dissection. Early and 6-month follow-up computed tomography showed full apposition of the ...
Cavanna Andrea E - - 2013
Tourette syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by multiple tics and is often associated with comorbid behavioral problems. Research with generic instruments in child populations showed that comorbid disorders can have a greater impact on health-related quality of life than tic severity. This study investigated the usefulness of a newly ...
Stephen Alison M - - 2013
The aim of this paper is to describe innovations taking place in national nutrition surveys in the UK and the challenges of undertaking innovations in such settings. National nutrition surveys must be representative of the overall population in characteristics such as socio-economic circumstances, age, sex and region. High response rates ...
Whitson Bryan A - - 2013
Increasing age and number of rib fractures are thought to portend a worse outcome with blunt chest trauma, although this is not clearly substantiated in the literature. We hypothesized that these parameters have a significant and synergistic effect, worsening patient outcome. Using the National Trauma Data Bank, we evaluated patients ...
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