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Results 601 - 650 of 2381
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Moyer Virginia A - - 2013
DESCRIPTION: Update of the 2004 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation statement on screening for family and intimate partner violence (IPV). METHODS: The USPSTF commissioned a systematic evidence review on screening women for IPV and elderly and vulnerable adults for abuse and neglect. This review examined the accuracy of ...
Qiu Yatao - - 2013
2-Carbomethoxy-3-hydroxyquinoxaline-di-N-oxide was identified as an efficient novel ligand for the copper-catalyzed coupling of aryl halides with various phenols under mild conditions. The catalytic system shows great functional-group tolerance and excellent reactive selectivity.
Yoon Jong Hyun - - 2013
Abstract Background: Acne scarring has lifelong sequelae. Fractional photothermolysis (FP) has been shown to provide fast recovery from acne within a short period, thereby aiding skin rejuvenation. Isotretinoin is a well-known, effective drug for the treatment of severe recalcitrant acne. This study investigated the safety and the efficacy of infrared ...
Kuroda Naoto - - 2013
In chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC), two forms of typical and eosinophilic variants have been reported to date. We have previously reported a new variant of chromophobe RCC, namely an oncocytic variant. However, little is known on the histological features of this variant. In this article, we report such five ...
Yan Qing - - 2013
Huanglongbing (HLB) or citrus greening disease is a destructive disease of citrus worldwide, which is associated with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus. This phloem-limited fastidious pathogen is transmitted by the Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri, and appears to be an intracellular pathogen that maintains an intimate association with the psyllid or the ...
Nguyen V G - - 2013
Understanding viral transmission is an important factor for the effective prevention one of the most devastating swine diseases, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome. Focusing on molecular epidemiology of type 1 PRRSV, this study analysed a large ORF5 dataset collected worldwide from 1991 to 2012 using a coalescent-based Bayesian Markov chain ...
Lellouche François - - 2013
PURPOSE: Discrepancies between the demand and availability of clinicians to care for mechanically ventilated patients can be anticipated due to an aging population and to increasing severity of illness. The use of closed-loop ventilation provides a potential solution. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of a ...
Deeks Emma D - - 2013
Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia(®)) is a recombinant, polyethylene glycolylated, antigen-binding fragment of a humanized monoclonal antibody that selectively targets and neutralizes tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α. The drug is indicated for subcutaneous use every 2 or 4 weeks (q2w or q4w) for the treatment of adults with moderate to severe active rheumatoid arthritis ...
Wei Yumeng - - 2013
Abstract The treatment of lung diseases including lung cancer and tuberculosis is one of the most challenging problems in clinical practice, because the conventional drug delivery systems cannot deliver drug effectively to the lung, which result in low therapeutic effect. Therefore, lung-targeted drug delivery systems (LTDDS) that can deliver drug ...
Chowdhary A - - 2013
We report the first environmental isolation from India of Cryptococcus gattii, genotype amplified fragment length polymorphism 5 (AFLP5), which is one of the rarely reported genotypes of this pathogen. It originated from decayed wood inside a trunk hollow of Manilkara hexandra, a native tree in Delhi. We investigated 101 isolates ...
Brian Leung - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The present descriptive case study documents the behaviours of a child single-switch user in the community setting and draws attention to learning and mastery behaviours as risk factors to single-switch abandonment. Our observations were interpreted in the context of a longer term school-based evaluation of an advanced single-switch ...
Watanabe Hiromitsu - - 2013
The present study investigated whether a water-soluble extract from the culture medium of Ganoderma lucidum mycelia (Japanese: Reishi or Mannentake) (designated as MAK) exerted a protective effect against induction of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) by azoxymethane (AOM) and small-intestinal damage induced by the anticancer drug 5-FU. Six-week-old male F344 rats ...
Buchecker M - - 2013
The current study was conducted to evaluate the effects of unstable footwear on spine kinematics and trunk muscle activity during bipedal stance. Therefore, spinal alignment and concurrent angular velocity measures were assessed in 27 asymptomatic adults while standing with unstable Masai Barefoot Technology (MBT) shoes and standard footwear, respectively, employing ...
Siburian Marlinang D - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Minangkabau is one of the major ethnic groups in Indonesia. Previous studies with a limited number of samples have shown a different prevalence of HBV/C in the Minangkabau compared to the Indonesian population in general. The aim of this study was to assess the HBV genotype distribution ...
Kojima Ko - - 2013
Lymphoid malignancies such as leukemia and many types of lymphoma are common and severe disorders in dogs. Since shortening remission duration caused by resistance to chemotherapy often becomes clinically critical problems, development of novel and effective therapy should be required. The present study investigated the status of NF-κB, and effect ...
Mailey Emily L - - 2013
Working mothers exhibit high levels of inactivity, and theory-based interventions to bolster physical activity within this population are needed. This study examined the effectiveness of a brief social cognitive theory-based intervention designed to increase physical activity among working mothers. Participants (N = 141) were randomly assigned to an intervention only, intervention plus ...
Smulian John C - - 2013
We present a case of acute uterine inversion in the third stage of labor in which critical management decisions were facilitated by ultrasound imaging in the operating room. Identification of the ovary and adnexa pulled into the indentation of the inversion allowed the successful diagnosis and guidance for uterine replacement. ...
Daughters Stacey B - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate how psychological stress, gender and cortisol response to stress relate to risk behavior among 132 14-18 year old adolescents. Participants completed a laboratory based risk task prior to and immediately after a computerized psychological stress task, and salivary cortisol was collected from pre-stress ...
Pathirana Charles - - 2013
During a synthesis of 5-amino-4-(6-methoxy-2-methylpyridin-3-yl)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxamide (see Scheme 1), a side-reaction produced 3-amino-4-(6-methoxy-2-methylpyridin-3-yl)-5-methyl-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxamide as a by-product that forms an equilibrium with the target-compound. The structure of the by-product was elucidated by the interpretation of 1D and 2D (HMQC, HMBC) NMR data where (1) H-(15)  N HMBC correlations revealed the position of carbamoyl ...
Ruiz J - - 2013
For recombinant protein production in E. coli fed-batch cultures, post-induction conditions have great influence in the quantity and quality of the product. The present paper covers the effect of different factors affecting the cellular environment in recombinant aldolase (rhamnulose-1-phosphate aldolase, RhuA) production. An operational mode employing an exponential addition profile ...
Bozok S - - 2013
Aim. The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of intracoronary shunt during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery in patients with isolated left anterior descending coronary artery lesion. Methods. Forty patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass using the left internal mammary artery to bypass the left anterior descending ...
Wei Yueteng - - 2013
Luminescent silver nanoclusters were anchored by designed oligonucleotides. After hybridizing with human telomerase RNA template, the luminescence of the cluster decreased linearly with respect to the concentration of the complementary strand (25-250 nM). The cluster is therefore a potential candidate for human telomerase detection.
Gan Sophie S - - 2013
Abstract Background: Bullying is common among young students, and cyberbullying has increased due to the use of technology. This study investigates the prevalence of bullying and cyberbullying among high school students and the emotional effects of bullying on students. Methods: Students at East Chapel Hill High School, Chapel Hill, North ...
Urech Zora Lea - - 2013
Following the IUCN 5th World Congress on Protected Areas in 2003, the then-President of Madagascar decided to increase the area of Madagascar's protected areas from 1.7 to 6 million ha. To combine the aims of protection and timber production, a new concept was developed through the establishment of community-based forest ...
Gupta Subash C - - 2013
Curcumin, an active polyphenol of the golden spice turmeric, is a highly pleiotropic molecule with the potential to modulate the biological activity of a number of signaling molecules. Traditionally, this polyphenol has been used in Asian countries to treat such human ailments as acne, psoriasis, dermatitis, and rash. Recent studies ...
Cherradi Youness - - 2013
The type III secretion apparatus (T3SA) is a multi-protein complex central to the virulence of many Gram-negative pathogens. Currently, the mechanisms controlling the hierarchical addressing of needle subunits, translocators and effectors to the T3SA are still poorly understood. In Shigella, MxiC is known to sequester effectors within the cytoplasm prior ...
Hörl Walter H - - 2013
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) have become a hallmark of anaemia therapy in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although different ESAs are available for the treatment of renal anaemia, each nephrologist should select a single ESA for an individual patient. Epoetin alfa and epoetin beta have been used 1-3 times weekly ...
Prieto Lourdes R - - 2013
We describe two balloon-assisted techniques to facilitate the advancement of large, long sheaths through freshly placed stents or tortuous anatomy. The first technique uses a balloon inflated while partially housed within the sheath to help clear an edge, thus offering resistance. The second uses an angioplasty balloon inflated in a ...
Papazoglou Aimilia - - 2013
The Behavior Assessment Scale for Children (BASC-2) is widely used to assess for internalizing/externalizing behavior problems; however, the role of its adaptive scales is not well established. This study examined the sensitivity of the parent version of the BASC-2 Adaptive Skills Composite (ASC) in identifying children with impairments on a ...
Wang Hui - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare the expression levels of interleukin (IL)-17 IL-17 and IL-23 in serum from patients with both oral lichen planus and chronic periodontitis (OLP-CP), patients only with oral lichen planus (OLP), patients only with chronic periodontitis (CP), and healthy controls (HC). The serum samples ...
Cheng Yan - - 2013
The study was promoted to probe into the effect of BLyS on the activity of peripheral B lymphocytes mediated by BLyS receptors in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Thirty new-onset patients having fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) revised criteria for the diagnosis of SLE. Twenty age-matched healthy ...
Nambiar Anoop M - - 2013
Interstitial lung diseases (sometimes also referred to as interstitial pneumonias, or IPs) comprise a heterogeneous group of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases that are associated with identifiable causes (such as collagen vascular diseases (CVD-ILD), like rheumatoid arthritis and scleroderma, or chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis) and unidentified etiologies (idiopathic interstitial pneumonias, IIP, the ...
Dobson-Stone Carol - - 2013
Numerous families exhibiting both frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been described, and although many of these have been shown to harbour a repeat expansion in C9ORF72, several C9ORF72-negative FTD-ALS families remain. We performed neuropathological and genetic analysis of a large European Australian kindred (Aus-12) with autosomal ...
Lohoff F W - - 2013
Emotional behavior is in part heritable and often disrupted in psychopathology. Identification of specific genetic variants that drive this heritability may provide important new insight into molecular and neurobiological mechanisms involved in emotionality. Our results demonstrate that the presynaptic vesicular monoamine transporter 1 (VMAT1) Thr136Ile (rs1390938) polymorphism is functional in ...
Vos Hedwig M M - - 2013
Background: Chronic diseases are considered major threats to self-rated health (SRH). In many elderly people multimorbidity is present, in elderly women more than in elderly men. This study aims at establishing the impact of multimorbidity and specific disease combinations on SRH in elderly women. Objectives: To study the relationship between ...
Desouza Ruth - - 2013
DeSouza R. Nursing Inquiry 2013 Regulating migrant maternity: Nursing and midwifery's emancipatory aims and assimilatory practices In contemporary Western societies, birthing is framed as transformative for mothers; however, it is also a site for the regulation of women and the exercise of power relations by health professionals. Nursing scholarship often ...
Goldstein Gregg H - - 2013
Outcome studies often examine the efficacy of sinus surgery with 1 year of follow-up data, while longer-term postoperative data is less easily available. This article reviews long-term outcomes of various endoscopic techniques to further delineate risk factors for surgical failure. A systematic review of the literature was performed and studies were ...
Dimmeler Stefanie - - 2013
Aging is a complex process that is linked to an increased incidence of major diseases such as cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disease, but also cancer and immune disorders. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs, which post-transcriptionally control gene expression by inhibiting translation or inducing degradation of targeted mRNAs. MiRNAs target up ...
De Zordo Tobias - - 2013
Ultrasonography is the standard modality to image the scrotum because it can provide information about volume, echo texture, tissue stiffness and functional information that includes macrovascularization and microvascularization. Indeed, ultrasound imaging is indicated in the presentation of acute scrotal pain and swelling to differentiate between testicular torsion, infarction and inflammation, ...
Abdul Qayyum Rana - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence of Impulse Compulsive disorder (ICD) in PD patients and to study potential associative factors that may be related to the onset of ICD while on parkinsonian medications. Method: The study was conducted in two parts. In Part A, ...
Ding Jie - - 2013
Cardiac Ca(V)1.2 channels play a critical role in cardiac function. It has been proposed that the carboxyl-terminal intracellular tail of the Ca(V)1.2 channel is the target of Ca(2+)-dependent and Ca(2+)-independent regulation of the channel. Recent studies on C-terminal truncated forms of the Ca(V)1.2 channel reported neonatal death, reduced Ca(V)1.2 current, ...
Hirakawa Masahiro - - 2013
The combination of docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1 (DCS) chemotherapy is expected to be a promising regimen for advanced gastric cancer. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant DCS chemotherapy for locally advanced resectable gastric cancer. Patients with locally advanced gastric cancer received 2 courses of ...
Kentepozidis N - - 2013
The docetaxel/cisplatin (DC) combination is an active regimen against advanced/metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and bevacizumab (B) improves the efficacy of frontline chemotherapy. This phase II study was designed in order to explore the efficacy and safety of DCB regiment in this setting. Chemotherapy-naïve patients (n = 48) with measurable, ...
Singal Amit G - - 2013
Only 40% of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are diagnosed at an early stage, suggesting breakdowns in the surveillance process. The aim of our study was to assess the reasons behind surveillance process failures among patients in the Hepatitis C Antiviral Long-Term Treatment against Cirrhosis Trial (HALT-C), which prospectively collected ...
Methner Axel - - 2013
2012 witnessed important developments for multiple sclerosis, including successful phase III trials of novel oral therapeutics and identification of the potassium channel KIR4.1 as an autoimmune target. Additionally, the lung was highlighted as an important site for immune-cell programming, and the relevance of a TNF receptor variant was clarified.
Jongeling Amy C - - 2013
A 21-year-old man presented to his local emergency department with 5 days of headache, which was dull, occipital, bilateral, nonthrobbing, and progressively worsening. It was associated with mild fever, photophobia, and neck pain and stiffness. He had no history of headache, chronic illness, recent vaccinations, cutaneous rash, cough, diarrhea, arthralgia, ...
Soran N - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate serum prolidase activity in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Prolidase enzyme activity was measured spectrophotometrically to pointing out the collagen metabolism. The prolidase activity in patients with DDH was significantly higher than that in the control group (p = 0.002). Furthermore, ...
Steele Catriona M - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to measure treatment outcomes in a group of six adults with chronic dysphagia following acquired brain injury, who each completed 24 sessions of tongue-pressure resistance training, over a total of 11-12 weeks. The treatment protocol emphasized both strength and accuracy. Biofeedback was provided using ...
Sinha Aditi - - 2013
Rituximab offers an alternative to current immunosuppressive therapies for difficult-to-treat nephrotic syndrome. The best outcomes are seen in patients with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome who have failed to respond to multiple therapies. By contrast, the benefits of rituximab therapy are limited in patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, particularly those with focal ...
Fu Zhixuan - - 2013
Background. The interactions between cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and cancer cells or tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and cancer cells play important roles in cancer progression and metastasis. However, studies related to the crosstalk between CAFs and TILs in tumor microenvironment (TME) are still lacking. In this study, we mainly investigated the interactions ...
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