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Results 551 - 600 of 2380
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Westbrook Jenna L - - 2013
Abstract Background: Measuring the quality of care for people using neuro-rehabilitation services is a complex area requiring reliable methods that account for variable communication abilities/cognitive functioning. Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) is an observational method widely used in dementia care to improve person-centred care, which may be usefully applied to neuro-rehabilitation ...
Fias Stijn - - 2013
The chemical importance of the linear response kernel from conceptual Density Functional Theory (DFT) is investigated for some σ and π aromatic and anti-aromatic systems. The effect of the ring size is studied by looking at some well known aromatic and anti-aromatic molecules of different sizes, showing that the linear ...
Furlan Renata M M M - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to quantify tongue protrusion force and compare its characteristics between participants with severely weak tongues and those with normal lingual strength. The sample consisted of 11 participants with severe lingual strength deficits and 11 age- and sex-matched participants with normal lingual strength. Tongue force ...
Yazaki Kohei - - 2013
A bowl-shaped organic host was prepared by linking two anthracene-embedded bispyridine ligands with two methylene spacers. The water-soluble host has a hemispherical hydrophobic cavity (∼1 nm in diameter) with two cationic methylenebispyridinyl (Lewis acidic) moieties and shows the selective recognition and encapsulation of aromatic guest molecules containing carbonyl groups in ...
Antoniadou Anastasia - - 2013
Background: To evaluate the impact of an antibiotic restriction policy on antibiotic consumption and Gram-negative resistance rates, in an environment of antibiotic overconsumption and increasing resistance rates for nosocomial pathogens. Methods: The study was a 'before and after' trial of 18-month duration; the antibiotic restriction policy program was implemented in ...
Ireland Penelope Jane - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether height, weight, head circumference and/or relationships between these factors are associated with gross motor milestone acquisition in children with achondroplasia. METHOD: Population-based data regarding timing of major gross motor milestones up to 5 years were correlated with height, weight and head circumference at ...
Imbergamo Silvia - - 2013
A 46-year-old man with progressive visual loss underwent brain MRI showing multifocal nodular pachymeningeal thickening involving optic nerve meninges bilaterally and internal acoustic meatus dura mater (figure 1). Diffuse meningiomatosis was diagnosed and radiation therapy was given with symptom stabilization. Four years later, left hearing loss and right hypoacusia occurred, ...
Nagadia Rahul - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cause of cancer mortality in the world and the 5th most commonly occurring cancer. Tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and human papilloma virus (HPV) infections have been associated with the occurrence of HNSCC. Despite advances that have been ...
Kaplan Edward L - - 2013
Group A streptococcal (Streptococcus pyogenes) infections remain important causes of medical and public health morbidity and mortality even during the early twenty-first century. Although most often concentrated in socially/economically disadvantaged populations, the problems remain significant in both industrializing and industrialized countries. The many M/emm types of GAS contribute to herd ...
Sen Saikat - - 2013
Context: Pisonia aculeata leaves (Nyctagenaceae), a Folk medicinal plant used in the treatment of several inflammation, pain, and oxidative stress associated diseases. Objective: To evaluate anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antioxidant potential of crude methanol extract of P. aculeata leaves (MEPA). Materials and methods: Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of MEPA (250 and ...
Kosaka Shinji - - 2013
We examined the effects of angiotensin II AT(1)-receptor blockade with olmesartan on high fat (HF) diet-induced vascular oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction in normal salt (NS) diet-fed Dahl salt-sensitive (DSS) rats. Treatment with NS + HF diet (32% crude fat, 0.3% NaCl) for 20 weeks significantly increased blood pressure in ...
Ishihara Takayuki - - 2013
A 72-year-old man received an implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator with intracardiac electrogram (ICEG) monitoring because ventricular fibrillation occurred in a case of old myocardial infarction with reduced left ventricular function. A year later, he came to our hospital for a regular checkup. Unexpectedly, ST depression was recorded by ICEG ...
Sander Fabian - - 2013
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of thiols on gold substrates are potentially important systems for future technologies such as molecular electronics and sensing. Especially in molecular electronics a strong interaction and coupling between the "device" molecules and substrate is crucial. In this context, we present here two series of novel SAM precursors, ...
Rivera Norma - - 2013
Compound 1-methyl-7-nitro-4-(5-(piperidin-1-yl)pentyl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2(1H)-one (VAM2-6) was evaluated against a blood-induced infection with chloroquine-sensitive Plasmodium yoelii yoelii lethal strain in CD1 mice in a 4-day test scheme. LD50 of the compound was 56.51 mg/kg and LD10 was 20.58 mg/kg (taken as the highest dose). Animals were treated by oral gavage of 20, 10, and 5 mg/kg. ...
Veselska Renata - - 2013
The p73 protein is a member of the p53 family of transcription factors that has two N-terminal isoforms: the TAp73 isoform is reported to have a tumor suppressor function, whereas the ΔNp73 isoform likely has oncogenic potential. The expression of these isoforms and the differences in their intracellular distribution have ...
Hadrich Inès - - 2013
Aspergillus flavus is the second most important Aspergillus species associated with aspergillosis and the incidence of infections caused by it are increasing in the immunocompromised population. This species is of major epidemiological importance in regions with a dry and hot climate. Despite the growing clinical significance of A. flavus, data ...
Sachs Norman - - 2013
Cell-matrix adhesion is crucial for maintaining the mechanical integrity of epithelial tissues. Podocytes-a key component of the glomerular filtration barrier-are exposed to permanent transcapillary filtration pressure and must therefore adhere tightly to the underlying glomerular basement membrane (GBM). The major cell-matrix adhesion receptor in podocytes is the integrin α3β1, which ...
Nell Sjoerd - - 2013
A 30-year-old male was diagnosed with a disruption of the musculofibrotic abdominal wall as a result of a blunt trauma 3 years after the injury. His traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH) was initially missed on physical examination and computed tomography. The patient presented now with a lump in the left flank ...
Zhang Lilu - - 2013
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) synthase (ALAS) HemA from non-sulfur photosynthetic bacteria has been used for the ALA bioproduction, whereas the isoenzyme HemT/HemO is less studied and not used for ALA production. Two ALAS-encoding genes, hemA and hemO from Rhodopseudomonas palustris were cloned, purified and characterized. The ALASs had very high specific ...
Fisher Martin - - 2013
Abstract This paper presents three cases involving young Orthodox Jewish males, each of whom lost 15-25 pounds over a course of time ranging between a few months and up to 2 years, as the result of decreased food intake because of misinterpretation of a religious concept learned in their Judaic ...
Maass Antonia - - 2013
Beyond the cardinal motor symptoms, bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor and postural instability, defining the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease, there is a big spectrum of non-motor features that patients may suffer from and that may reduce their quality of life. Non-motor symptoms are not only frequent but also often under-reported by patients ...
Pramodhyakul W - - 2013
Study design:A 2 × 2 cross-over design.Objectives:To compare immediate effects of obstacle crossing training and conventional overground walking training on functional ability among independent ambulatory patients with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:A tertiary rehabilitation center, Thailand.Methods:Twenty independent ambulatory participants with SCI received a 1-day overground walking training and a 1-day obstacle ...
Rawling Michael J - - 2013
Reactions employing inexpensive reagents from sustainable sources and with low toxicity are becoming increasingly desirable from an academic and industrial perspective. A fascinating example of a synthetic transformation that requires development of alternative procedures is the osmium catalysed dihydroxylation. Recently there has been considerable interest in achieving this reaction through ...
Chen Tung-Sheng - - 2013
Context: Statistical and clinical reports indicate that betel nut chewing is strongly associated with progression of oral cancer because some ingredients in betel nuts are potential cancer promoters, especially arecoline. Early diagnosis for cancer biomarkers is the best strategy for prevention of cancer progression. Several methods are suggested for investigating ...
Ibrahim Sarah - - 2013
To identify and describe strategies used to recruit persons of ethnically and culturally diverse backgrounds and to examine their reported effectiveness. Studies (n = 26) reporting on recruitment of persons of different cultural and ethnic backgrounds, published in English between 1995 and 2012, were included in this systematic review. Data on the ...
Razmara Ali - - 2013
An 81-year-old man with retinitis pigmentosa had severe, slowly progressive visual loss that began at age 20. Intermittent nystagmus was observed for 1 decade. Examination revealed severe retinal atrophy and periodic alternating nystagmus (PAN) that occurred only in darkness (video on the Neurology® Web site at www.neurology.org).
Stevens Jennifer R - - 2013
Trinucleotide repeat expansions cause 17 heritable human neurological disorders. In some diseases, somatic expansions occur in non-proliferating tissues such as brain where DNA replication is limited. This finding stimulated significant interest in replication-independent expansion mechanisms. Aberrant DNA repair is a likely source, based in part on mouse studies showing that ...
Gaspar Vitor M - - 2013
Minicircle DNA (mcDNA) is recently becoming an exciting source of genetic material for therapeutic purposes due to its exceptional biocompatibility and efficiency over typical DNA. However, its widespread use is yet restrained due to the absence of an efficient technology that allows its purification. Here, precise conditions of mcDNA interaction ...
Verschuren Olaf - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To identify facilitators and barriers frequently experienced by families of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and associated with being at the pre-intention, intention and action stages for physical activity. Method: Qualitative study involving in-depth focus group interviews with 33 ambulatory children and adolescents with CP and their parents ...
El-Sayed Hany A - - 2013
Ta oxide nanotubes (NTs) were formed by the anodization of Ta at 15 V in a solution of concentrated sulfuric acid containing 0.8-1.0 M hydrofluoric acid. To study the initial stages of NT formation, FESEM images of samples anodized for very short times were obtained. The results contradict the existing ...
Selph Shelley S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In 2004, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force determined that evidence was insufficient to recommend behavioral interventions and counseling to prevent child abuse and neglect. PURPOSE: To review new evidence on the effectiveness of behavioral interventions and counseling in health care settings for reducing child abuse and neglect and ...
Hickey Michael J - - 2013
Intravital microscopy has been essential in establishing the multi-step paradigm that describes how leukocytes in the bloodstream interact with the blood vessel wall during the process of leukocyte recruitment. Much of this work has been performed in readily-visualized tissues such as the mesentery and the cremaster muscle, where leukocyte-endothelial cell ...
Yamazaki Shun - - 2013
Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has had a great impact on the staging and treatment of cancer. The purpose of this study was to study the lymphatic anatomy of the lower extremities by constructing three-dimensional images using multi-detector-row computed tomography (MDCT). To select appropriate contrast media for MDCT lymphatic imaging ...
Jeon Chan Hee - - 2013
Bilateral variations in the formation and branching of brachial plexus are rare. Variations between median and musculocutaneous nerves were observed on both sides during the dissection of an 87-year-old Korean female cadaver, whose cause of death was cholangiocarcinoma. The variations found were bilateral, in which each musculocutaneous nerve did not ...
Barimah Kofi Bobi - - 2013
Abstract Concerned with the negative impacts of user fees on healthcare access and utilisation, following the enactment of a law in 2003, the Ghanaian government replaced the 'cash-and-carry' system with a National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS). Even though many Ghanaians rely on traditional medicine (TRM) for reasons of culture, cost ...
Yimer Solomon A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to characterize Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates circulating in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. Sputum samples were collected from new pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients in the Region. Genotyping of mycobacterial DNA was performed by spoligotyping and isolates were assigned to families using the SpolDB4 and the ...
Davarani Saied Saeed Hosseiny - - 2013
A two-phase electromembrane extraction (EME) was developed and directly coupled with gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The proposed method was successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of imipramine, desipramine, citalopram and sertraline. The model compounds were extracted from neutral aqueous sample solutions into the organic phase filled in the ...
Buchwald Henry - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Metabolic/bariatric procedures for the treatment of morbid obesity, as well as for type 2 diabetes, are among the most commonly performed gastrointestinal operations today, justifying periodic assessment of the numerical status of metabolic/bariatric surgery and its relative distribution of procedures. METHODS: An email questionnaire was sent to the leadership ...
Mor Z - - 2013
Immigration from high tuberculosis (TB) prevalence countries has a substantial impact on the epidemiology of TB in receiving countries with low TB incidence. Cross-border migration offers an ideal opportunity for active case finding that will result in a lower case load in the host country and a reduced spread of ...
Streck André Felipe - - 2013
In the present study, tonsils and hearts from 100 pigs were collected in a German slaughterhouse in 2010 and tested for porcine parvoviruses (PPV, PPV2, PPV3 and PPV4). PPV was observed in 60 of 100 hearts and 61 of 100 tonsils, and PPV2 was observed in 55 of 100 hearts ...
Yang Ilun - - 2013
The use of laparoscopic techniques in the treatment of colorectal diseases was first described in the early 1990s. Even though its clinical benefits have been well documented, laparoscopic colorectal surgery has been slow to gain adoption in the surgical community, given its technical demands. To help overcome these challenges while ...
Koda Masahiko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine how well ablative margin (AM) grading assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with ferucarbotran administered prior to radiofrequency ablation (RFA) predicts local tumor progression in comparison with enhanced computed tomography (CT). METHODS: 101 hepatocellular carcinomas were treated by RFA after ferucarbotran administration. We performed ...
Brody Carinne Meyer - - 2013
Abstract One approach to delivering healthcare in developing countries is through voucher programmes, where vouchers are distributed to a targeted population for free or subsidised health care. Using inclusion/exclusion criteria, a search of databases, key journals and websites review was conducted in October 2010. A narrative synthesis approach was taken ...
van der Aa Niek E - - 2013
AIM: To report the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and follow-up data of newborn infants with perinatal arterial ischemic stroke in the territory of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA). METHOD: Data on 18 newborn infants from three neonatal intensive care units (11 males, seven females) with an MRI-confirmed ...
Frank Martin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) imposes a substantial health burden on individual patients and society. Furthermore, rising costs in oncology cause a growing concern about reimbursement for innovations in this sector. The promise of pharmacogenomic profiling and related stratified therapies in mCRC is to improve treatment efficacy and potentially save ...
Kim Min-Soo - - 2013
In this study, a Soluplus-coated colloidal silica nanomatrix (SCCSN) formulation for the entrapment of poorly water-soluble drugs was devised. The maximum supersaturation of the drug-loaded nanomatrix was higher than that of a physical mixture as indicated by the results of in vitro kinetic solubility studies. For atorvastatin calcium, dutasteride, and ...
Kang Dong Jin - - 2013
The randomly nanotextured back electrode provides a simple and efficient route for enhancing photocurrent in polymer solar cells (PSCs) by light trapping, which can increase light absorption within a finite thickness of the active layer. In this study, we incorporated mono-disperse 60 nm polystyrene nanoparticles (PS NPs) into a 50 ...
Moyer Virginia A - - 2013
DESCRIPTION: Update of the 2004 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation statement on screening for family and intimate partner violence (IPV). METHODS: The USPSTF commissioned a systematic evidence review on screening women for IPV and elderly and vulnerable adults for abuse and neglect. This review examined the accuracy of ...
Qiu Yatao - - 2013
2-Carbomethoxy-3-hydroxyquinoxaline-di-N-oxide was identified as an efficient novel ligand for the copper-catalyzed coupling of aryl halides with various phenols under mild conditions. The catalytic system shows great functional-group tolerance and excellent reactive selectivity.
Yoon Jong Hyun - - 2013
Abstract Background: Acne scarring has lifelong sequelae. Fractional photothermolysis (FP) has been shown to provide fast recovery from acne within a short period, thereby aiding skin rejuvenation. Isotretinoin is a well-known, effective drug for the treatment of severe recalcitrant acne. This study investigated the safety and the efficacy of infrared ...
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