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Portu A - - 2013
Neutron autoradiography is an imaging methodology that enables analysis of the spatial distribution of heavy ion emitters in a given material. In particular, it allows localization of (10)B in a tissue section put in contact with a nuclear track detector. Boron imaging is essential when considering boron neutron capture therapy ...
Yan Yan-Hong - - 2013
Aim:To investigate how co-delivery of the gene encoding C-C chemokine ligand-19 (CCL-19) affected the systemic immune responses to an anti-caries DNA vaccine pCIA-P in mice.Methods:Plasmid encoding CCL19-GFP fusion protein (pCCL19/GFP) was constructed by inserting murine ccl19 gene into GFP-expressing vector pAcGFP1-N1. Chemotactic effect of the fusion protein on murine dendritic ...
Magnil Maria - - 2013
Objective. The aim of this study was to observe course, risk factors, and prognostic factors in a primary care cohort aged > 60 with mild to moderate depression during two-year follow-up. Design. Observational study. Setting. Primary care. Subjects and method. During an 11-month period all (n = 302) consecutive patients ...
Cordeiro Fabio Aparecido - - 2013
Endophytic nitrogen-fixing species of the genus Herbaspirillum colonize sugar cane and can promote plant growth. The molecular mechanisms that mediate plant- H. seropedicae interaction are poorly understood. In this work we used 2D-PAGE electrophoresis to identify H. seropedicae proteins differentially expressed at the log growth phase in the presence of ...
Bedulina D S - - 2013
We studied various aspects of heat-shock response with special emphasis on the expression of heat-shock protein 70 (hsp70) genes at various levels in two congener species of littoral endemic amphipods (Eulimnogammarus cyaneus and E. verrucosus) from Lake Baikal which show striking differences in their vertical distribution and thermal tolerance. Although ...
Cunningham Chris E - - 2013
To report on the prevalence and implications of overweight and obesity in a rural maternity cohort. A retrospective 6-2013 cohort of 6138 pregnancies managed in a rural Victorian maternity service from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2010.Main outcome measures: Maternal body mass index (BMI), prevalence of overweight and obesity, prevalence of pregnancy complications ...
Astolfi Paola - - 2013
The formation of a di-tert-alkyl nitroxide has been observed by Electron Spin Resonance during the exposure of coenzyme CoQ(10), in both the oxidized and reduced forms, to nitrogen dioxide (˙NO(2)) or to nitric oxide (˙NO) in the presence of oxygen. The same kind of nitroxide has been observed also with ...
Sjögren Karin - - 2013
AIM: To report a study of the relationship between person-centred care and ability to perform activities of daily living, quality of life, levels of pain, depressive symptoms, and agitated behaviours among residents with dementia in residential care facilities. BACKGROUND: Standardized measurements of person-centred care have not previously been used to ...
Kinnunen Ulla - - 2013
The aim of the present study conducted among 274 Finnish employees was to examine the relationships between job characteristics, recovery experiences and occupational well-being across 1 year. We hypothesized that these relationships would follow normal causation, that is, job characteristics at T1 predict recovery experiences (detachment, relaxation, mastery and control at ...
Kanda J - - 2013
High fevers and/or rashes prior to neutrophil engraftment are frequently observed after umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation, and the condition is referred to as pre-engraftment syndrome (PES). Few studies have evaluated the risk factors for and treatment response to PES. Therefore, we retrospectively characterized PES in 57 consecutive engrafted patients ...
Ke Jing - - 2013
Termites are highly effective in lignocellulose degradation; however, the process of lignin deconstruction along the alimentary canal is not well understood. In this study, the wood metabolites in each gut segment were tentatively analyzed using pyrolysis gas chromatography mass spectrometry in presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide. Collectively, the significant differences in ...
Qi Ji - - 2013
Monolithic hierarchical nanoporous gold disks, 500 nm in diameter, 75 nm in thickness and 3.5 nm in pore radius, have been fabricated by hybrid processes. A surface-enhanced Raman scattering enhancement factor of at least 10(8) has been obtained on individual disks using benzenethiol self-assembled monolayer with 785 nm laser excitation.
Akasaka Emiko - - 2013
Various therapies have been tried for psoriasis. In Japan, biologics began to be used for psoriasis treatment in January 2010. Their clinical efficacy is well known, but biologics cannot be used in all psoriasis patients for reasons such as side-effects and cost. It is necessary to evaluate the effect of ...
Ma Yanrui - - 2013
Peptides, proteins and extracellular matrix act synergistically to influence cellular function at the biotic-synthetic interface. However identifying the individual and cooperative contributions of the various combinations and concentration regimes is extremely difficult. The confined channel deposition method we describe affords highly tunable orthogonal reactive concentration gradients that greatly expand the ...
Ackerman Josh T - - 2013
Bird eggs are commonly used in mercury monitoring programs to assess methylmercury contamination and toxicity to birds. However, only 6% of >200 studies investigating mercury in bird eggs have actually measured methylmercury concentrations in eggs. Instead, studies typically measure total mercury in eggs (both organic and inorganic forms of mercury), ...
Wilson S - - 2013
The family support needs of parents with an intellectual disability (ID) are relatively unknown. This paper reviewed two types of intervention for parents with ID: those designed to strengthen social relationships and those teaching parenting skills. A literature search was conducted using electronic databases and a limited number of evaluative ...
D'souza Melroy A - - 2013
Abstract Background. Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the bile duct (IPMN-B) is a rare but increasingly diagnosed clinical entity. Typical cholangioscopic findings usually include intraductal protruding papillary tumors that secrete mucus. Methods. Clinical, radiological and histopathological data of seven consecutive patients who were found to have IPMN-B were analyzed. Results. ...
La Frano Michael R - - 2013
Biofortification of cassava with the provitamin A carotenoid β-carotene is a potential mechanism for alleviating vitamin A deficiency. Cassava is a staple food in the African diet, but data regarding the human bioavailability of β-carotene from this food are scarce. The objective of the present study was to evaluate provitamin ...
Ruddle Jonathan B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To determine the incidence and predictors of glaucoma following surgery for congenital and infantile cataract in an Australian population DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study PARTICIPANTS: Infants (age <12 months) during lens extraction between January 1992 and May 2006, from two tertiary referral centres METHODS: Children with uveitis, anterior segment dysgenesis, ...
Kisch A - - 2013
The first international recommendations and guidelines for the care of sibling stem cell donors were established in 2010, and have not yet been evaluated. However, a model for information and care of adult potential sibling stem cell donors (the IC model) developed and introduced at the Skåne University Hospital, Lund, ...
Lee Namheon - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: With the success of early repair, continued functional assessment of repaired congenital heart disease is critical for improved long-term outcome. Pulmonary regurgitation, which is one of the main postoperative sequelae of congenital heart disease involved with the right ventricle (RV) such as tetralogy of Fallot and transposition of the ...
Chereddy Narendra Reddy - - 2013
A highly selective and efficient single molecular FRET based sensor has been developed for the ratiometric detection of Fe(3+) in aqueous samples and live cells.
Thomson William Murray - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To develop short-form versions of the Parental-Caregivers Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ) and Family Impact Scale (FIS). METHODS: Pretest/post-test clinical studies involved parent-completed questionnaires (the P-CPQ and the FIS) before and some weeks after dental care (under general anaesthesia) for early childhood caries (ECCs) in consecutive clinical samples from Wellington and ...
Mironava Tatsiana - - 2013
Abstract Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are used in various fields; however, their potential health risk(s) are still under the question. In this manuscript, we describe the interactions of AuNPs with human adipose derived stromal cells (ADSCs) and show that they are able to penetrate cell membrane and are stored in vacuoles. ...
Ribeiro-Silva Rita de Cássia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between food and nutrition insecurity and asthma in children from Latin America. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: São Francisco do Conde, Bahia, north-eastern Brazil. SUBJECTS: The study included 1307 children aged 6-12 years from public elementary schools. Asthma symptoms were collected using a questionnaire that was ...
Li Zifu - - 2013
Microgels are colloidal gel particles that consist of chemically cross-linked three-dimensional polymer networks. They are able to dramatically swell or shrink in response to a variety of external stimuli such as temperature, pH, ionic strength, electric field, and enzyme activities. Very recently, microgel particles were employed as stabilizers for emulsions. ...
Mortazavi Hossein - - 2013
There are a limited number of reports indicating the role of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles in pemphigus vulgaris. This study was designed to highlight the association of HLA class I alleles with pemphigus vulgaris in Iran. Fifty patients with pemphigus vulgaris, diagnosed based on clinical, histological and ...
Nagpal Kalpana - - 2013
Introduction: Drug targeting to brain by circumventing the physiological barriers is a prerequisite for drugs acting on central nervous system (CNS) and therapeutic potential of many drugs can be improved by effectively targeting the drug(s) to brain. Areas covered: Present review describes blood-brain barrier (BBB), drug transport mechanisms and factors ...
Bolic Vedrana - - 2013
Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate computer use in educational activities by students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in comparison with that of students with physical disabilities and students from the general population. Methods: The design of the study was cross-sectional with group comparison. Students ...
Mahar Patrick D - - 2013
Clinical photography has become integral to clinical practice, especially in visually oriented specialties. Where a clinical photograph forms part of a patient's medical record, clinicians have a legal obligation to keep that photograph for several 2013s, as determined by federal privacy legislation and various state legislation. Patients may be able ...
Wang P - - 2013
Previous studies have demonstrated that microRNA (miRNA) expression is altered in human cancer. However, the molecular mechanism underlying these changes in miRNA expression remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the epigenetic modification of miR-124 genes and the potential function of miR-124 in pancreatic cancer. Using pyrosequencing analysis, we found ...
Huang Wenyong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess the perceived difficulty of steps of manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) among trainees in rural China. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two trainees at the end of a MSICS training program, METHODS: Participants rated the difficulty of 14 surgical steps using a 5-point scale, 1 ...
Smith Kilian E C - - 2013
This study addresses the question whether hydrophobic organic chemicals exerting no toxicity at their solubility limit (saturation) can form a toxic mixture. Spiking methods generally do not allow testing exactly at saturation without introducing microcrystals. Passive dosing was thus applied to test the acute toxicity of several high melting point ...
Song Xicheng - - 2013
Genetically determinedcapacity for NER may modulate both cancer risk and prognosis. Thus, we evaluated associations of seven selected variants in the NER core genes with recurrence risk in 658SCCOP patients treated principally by radiation. The sevenpolymorphisms in the core NERgenes (XPC-rs2228000, XPC-rs2228001, XPD-rs1799793, XPD-rs13181, XPG-rs17655, ERCC1-rs3212986, and XPA-rs1800975)were genotyped using ...
Labroo Pratima - - 2013
We present an electrical biosensing of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) based on a peroxidase-immobilized graphene sensor on a microfluidic paper. The sensor shows a sensitive detection range from 0.5 to 20 μM and a total measuring time of 2 min with a simple fabrication procedure.
Farboud A - - 2013
Objective: Symptoms, including tinnitus, ear pain and vertigo, have been reported following exposure to wind turbine noise. This review addresses the effects of infrasound and low frequency noise and questions the existence of 'wind turbine syndrome'. Design: This review is based on a search for articles published within the last ...
Ryan John Jake - - 2013
In the period from 1985 to 1999, about 600 samples of total diet foods from Canadian cites were analysed for dioxins, furans and non-ortho-PCBs. Toxic equivalent (TEQ) concentrations on a lipid basis were found to be the highest in dairy and beef products followed by poultry and pork. These levels ...
Ong Keith - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Whitish spots are sometimes noted in the corneal endothelium after Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT). To evaluate the corneal endothelium after SLT, corneal specular microscopy was performed. DESIGN: Prospective observational study in a private practice. PARTICIPANTS: 15 consecutive patients with open angle glaucoma who had SLT in February 2012, had ...
Mariotti Davide - - 2013
Quantum confined silicon nanocrystals (Si-ncs) exhibit intriguing properties due to silicon's indirect bandgap and their highly reactive surfaces. In particular the interplay of quantum confinement with surface effects reveals a complex scenario, which can complicate the interpretation of Si-nc properties and prediction of their corresponding behaviour. At the same time, ...
Pae Chi-Un - - 2013
The effects of cognitive impairment on the occupational functioning, social activity, and economic life of patients with schizophrenia constitute major obstacles to recovery. Currently, the standard biological treatment for schizophrenia consists of antipsychotic medications, which results in significant improvements in psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations via a high ...
Do T-V - - 2013
Aurora kinase A (AURKA) localizes to centrosomes and mitotic spindles where it mediates mitotic progression and chromosomal stability. Overexpression of AURKA is common in cancer, resulting in acquisition of alternate non-mitotic functions. In the current study, we identified a novel role for AURKA in regulating ovarian cancer cell dissemination and ...
Sheppard D - - 2013
The impact of donor-recipient ABO incompatibility on long-term BMT outcomes remains controversial. A common strategy is to deplete the donor marrow of red cells, although this variably reduces the number of CD34+ cells. This 10-year retrospective study assessed the impact of recipient plasma exchange in major ABO-incompatible allogeneic BMT on ...
Martin Kevan A C - - 2013
In common with other areas of the prefrontal cortex, activity in frontopolar area 10 is probably modulated by dopamine. We studied the dopaminergic innervation of monkey prefrontal area 10 by immunostaining with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) antibodies. TH-positive axons in layer 3 were examined by electron microscopy of series of ultrathin ...
Gakis Georgios - - 2013
Abstract This reviews describes the concept of androgen-dependent growth of bladder cancer and the role of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located on chromosome 8q24 as a common carcinogenetic pathway for the development of concomitant prostate and bladder cancer. Recent genome-wide association studies have identified high-risk SNPs on chromosome 8q24 that have ...
Madaiah Malavalli - - 2013
New 3-[(2,4-dioxo-1,3,8-triazaspiro[4.6]undec-3-yl)methyl]benzonitrile derivatives 8-37 were synthesized and their pharmacological activities were determined with the objective to better understand their structure-activity relationship (SAR) for anticonvulsant activity. All the compounds were evaluated for their possible anticonvulsant activity by maximal electroshock seizure (MES) and pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) test. Compounds 11, 18, 31, and 32 ...
Saghrouni Fatma - - 2013
Purpureocillium lilacinum is a saprophytic fungus found in soil and decaying organic matter, but has been reported as an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients and following surgical procedures. Infections caused by this mold are often difficult to treat because of its intrinsic resistance to conventional antifungal agents and variable susceptibility ...
Li Yu-Qiong - - 2013
Aim:To investigate whether apocynin, a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, produced cardioproteictive effects in Ang II-induced hypertensive mice, and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms.Methods:C57BL/6 mice were subcutaneously infused Ang II for 4 weeks to mimic cardiac remodeling and fibrosis. Concomitantly the mice were administered apocynin (100 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)) or/and the aldosterone receptor blocker ...
Mascarenhas John - - 2013
Panobinostat (LBH589), a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), was evaluated in a phase I study of patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and post-essential thrombocythaemia/polycythaemia vera-related myelofibrosis (Post-ET/PV MF). Eighteen patients (PMF 56%; Post-PV MF 28%; Post-ET MF 17%) were treated in three cohorts at oral doses of (i) 20, (ii) ...
Hashemi Hassan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of myopia and hyperopia and determinants were determined in a rural population of Iran DESIGN: Population based cross sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Using random cluster sampling, 13 of the 83 villages of Khaf County in the north east of Iran were selected. Data from 2001 people over the ...
Sassin Megan B - - 2013
The impressive specific capacitance and high-rate performance reported for many nanometric charge-storing films on planar substrates cannot impact a technology space beyond microdevices unless such performance translates into a macroscale form factor. In this report, we explore how the nanoscale-to-macroscale properties of the electrode architecture (pore size/distribution, void volume, thickness) ...
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