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Eckert Kerena A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine changes in the prevalence of use of prescribed medicines in Australian community samples. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: In this study, face-to-face interviews were carried out with random, representative samples of South Australian adults, aged ≥15 years. Data on self-reported use of prescribed ...
Ogoh Shigehiko - - 2013
The respiratory chemoreflex is known to be modified during orthostatic stress though the underlying mechanisms remain to be established. To detremine the potential role of cerebral hypoperfusion, we examined the relationship between changes in middle cerebral artery mean blood velocity (MCA Vmean) and pulmonary ventilation (VE) from supine control to ...
Li Shuyi - - 2013
Litchi chinensis pericarp from litchi processing waste is an important plant source of A-type procyanidins, which were considered as a natural dietary supplement due to its high biological activity in vivo reported. Litchi pericarp oligomeric procyanidins (LPOPC) didn't selectively modify the growth of Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus casei-01 at concentrations ...
Adams Michael J - - 2013
Objective: To better understand help-seeking behaviours and reproductive health disorders among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men.Design, setting and participants: A cross-sectional mixed-methods study conducted from 1 May 2004 to 30 April 2005 of 293 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men aged 18 2013s and over from urban, rural and remote communities in the Northern Territory ...
Devalankar Dattatray A - - 2013
The HKR of racemic anti- or syn-3-substituted epoxy esters catalyzed by a Co(iii)salen complex provides ready access to the corresponding enantioenriched 3,4-disubstituted γ-butyrolactones and 3-substituted epoxy esters. This strategy has been successfully employed in the formal synthesis of biologically active 3,4-disubstituted piperidine derivatives, (-)-paroxetine and Ro 67-8867 and a natural ...
Heathfield Emily - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess whether the increasing use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in place of diagnostic cardiac catheterization in the management of pediatric patients with congenital heart disease has had an impact on pediatric cardiac care. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data was used. SETTING: The study was ...
Di Nicola Valerio - - 2013
This study presents a method for treating and structurally improving articulations affected by degenerative joint disease (DJD). The focus of this analysis is on two groups of patients: the first comprised patients over eighty years old, and the second comprised patients aged 45 to 55 years. The first group was ...
Preissler Natalie - - 2013
Electrokinetic charging of aqueous microjets was characterized by measuring streaming currents as a function of sodium iodide salt concentration. Measured streaming currents at high salt concentrations (up to 0.5 M) varied non-monotonically with the jet velocity and can be explained by a multipolar charge distribution at the nozzle-water interface. In ...
Triponez Yann - - 2013
The European genus Ophrys (Orchidaceae) is famous for its insect-like floral morphology, an adaptation for a pseudocopulatory pollination strategy involving Hymenoptera males. A large number of endemic Ophrys species have recently been described, especially within the Mediterranean Basin, which is one of the major species diversity hotspots. Subtle morphological variation ...
Lindström Ann-Charlotte - - 2013
Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to describe occupational therapists' experiences of rehabilitation of patients with limited awareness after stroke. Methods: To capture occupational therapists' experiences, a qualitative approach was chosen using five focus groups consisting of 22 participants engaged in group discussions with open-ended questions based on ...
Litwin A S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lacrimal sac fistulae can arise after an episode of dacryocystitis, usually forming below the medial canthus. Preceding symptoms of a watery eye with mucous discharge and a history or signs of inflammation are typical. OBJECTIVES: To highlight the features of lacrimal sac fistulae and encourage readers to consider this ...
Keijsers R R M C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In the pathogenesis of psoriasis, pro-inflammatory T-cells are strongly involved in the inflammatory process, where regulatory T-cell (Treg) function is impaired. OBJECTIVES: As effective Treg function is associated with a numerical balance between Treg and effector T-cells, we wondered whether Treg/T-helper cell ratios may be associated with certain stages ...
Lubeck Paula - - 2013
Nursing education programs are charged with the task of transforming the way future nurses are educated to better meet the demands of an ever-changing health care system. The tradition of lecture-based theory courses and on-site clinical experiences is slowly being replaced by evidence-based teaching formats that focus on actively engaging ...
Liu Wei - - 2013
Nanoparticles (NPs) entering a biological fluid undergo surface modification due to dynamic, physicochemical interactions with biological components, especially proteins. In this work we used complementary bio-physico-chemical approaches to characterize the effects of interactions between CeO(2) NPs, immunoglobulins (IgGs) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) of a similar size on protein structural ...
Chester Julia A - - 2013
Blunted cortisol responses to stress or trauma have been linked with genetic (familial) risk for both alcoholism and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Mouse lines selectively bred for high (HAP) or low (LAP) alcohol preference may be a relevant model of genetic risk for co-morbid alcoholism and PTSD in humans. HAP ...
Mukherjee Shomen - - 2013
How foragers balance risks during foraging is a central focus of optimal foraging studies. While diverse theoretical and empirical work has revealed how foragers should and do manage food and safety from predators, little attention has been given to the risks posed by dangerous prey. This is a potentially important ...
Tayfur Ozge - - 2013
Abstract Emotional exhaustion, argued to be burnout's core dimension, can manifest itself as decreased productivity and job dissatisfaction. This study aims to determine how lack of reciprocity, lack of supervisory support, high workload, and work-family conflict affect emotional exhaustion. Data were collected from 295 physicians working at private and public ...
Shiu K-K - - 2013
Overexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinase ERBB2 (also known as HER2) occurs in around 15% of breast cancers and is driven by amplification of the ERBB2 gene. ERBB2 amplification is a marker of poor prognosis, and although anti-ERBB2-targeted therapies have shown significant clinical benefit, de novo and acquired resistance remains ...
Galluzzi L - - 2013
Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP), the bioactive form of vitamin B6, reportedly functions as a prosthetic group for >4% of classified enzymatic activities of the cell. It is therefore not surprising that alterations of vitamin B6 metabolism have been associated with multiple human diseases. As a striking example, mutations in the gene coding ...
Huang Xiong-Gao - - 2013
The vitreous has been shown to induce epithelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation (EMT) because it induces fibroblast-like morphology, enhanced migration and invasion in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Rac1 is the principal mediator of cell migration. In the current study, the relationship between Rac1 and cell migration and invasion ...
Fujii Yuki - - 2013
Neural precursor cells (NPCs) in the mammalian neocortex generate various neuronal and glial cell types in a developmental stage-dependent manner. Most neocortical NPCs lose their neurogenic potential after birth. We have previously shown that high-mobility group A (HMGA) proteins confer the neurogenic potential on early-stage NPCs during the midgestation period, ...
Eras Zeynep - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the neurodevelopmental outcome at 12-18 months' corrected age between multiples and singleton preterm infants. Methods: We designed a prospective study of preterm infants (≤32 weeks gestation) born and hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit between November 2008 and November 2009, ...
Negahban Hossein - - 2013
Purpose: To culturally translate and validate the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ) in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: After a forward-backward translation, 105 persons with MS completed the Persian versions of the CIQ and MS Quality of Life (MSQOL) questionnaires in the first visit. The CIQ was re-administered to a ...
Gore Anil H - - 2013
A novel, simple but highly selective fluorescent probe is developed for the direct detection of sulfide ions [S(2-)] based on the fluorescence quenching of the functionalized CdS QDs in aqueous solution at trace levels and successfully applied for quantitation of S(2-) from water samples in a complex matrix pretreatment exclusive ...
Hinterwirth Helmut - - 2013
Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) are often used as colloidal carriers in numerous applications owing to their low-cost and size-controlled preparation as well as their straightforward surface functionalization with thiol containing molecules forming self-assembling monolayers (SAM). The quantification of the ligand density of such modified GNPs is technically challenging, yet of utmost ...
Reynaud Olivier - - 2013
Measurements of tumor microvasculature are important to obtain an understanding of tumor angiogenesis and for the evaluation of therapies. In this work, we characterize the evolution of the microvascular flux at different stages of tumor growth in the 9L rat brain tumor model. The absolute quantification of cerebral blood flux ...
Laux Daniela - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to report two new patients with the diagnosis of alveolar capillary dysplasia and congenital heart disease, to describe the associated cardiac defects seen in these cases and in the literature, and to consider recent genetic advances concerning the FOX transcription factor gene cluster in chromosome 16q24.1q24.2. ...
Cabán-Acevedo Miguel - - 2013
We report the growth, structural and electrical characterization of single-crystalline iron pyrite (FeS2) nanorods, nanobelts and nanoplates synthesized via sulfidation reaction with iron dichloride (FeCl2) and iron dibromide (FeBr2). The as-synthesized products were confirmed to be single-crystal phase pure cubic iron pyrite using powder X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and transmission ...
Kisza Krystian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Evaluate the incidence of biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis (GCA) for seasonal or annual variability from a tertiary care center in the Mid-Atlantic United States. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of all patients seen in the Neuro-Ophthalmology Service undergoing temporal artery biopsy (TAB) from 1994 to 2011. PARTICIPANTS: The charts of ...
Kinnersley Nelson - - 2013
To quantify uncertainty in a formal manner, statisticians play a vital role in identifying a prior distribution for a Bayesian-designed clinical trial. However, when expert beliefs are to be used to form the prior, the literature is sparse on how feasible and how reliable it is to elicit beliefs from ...
Matsumoto Hisashi - - 2013
Introduction Since 2001, a Japanese national project has developed a helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) system ("doctor-helicopter") and a central Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) composed of mobile and trained medical teams for rapid deployment during the response phase of a disaster. Problem In Japan, the DMAT Research Group has ...
Stark Zornitza - - 2013
An anonymous survey of Australian Fellows of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists was conducted with the aim of understanding current practice and attitudes toward population-based carrier screening for inherited conditions in the setting of routine pregnancy care. Of 1,121 Fellows invited to complete the ...
Hoffart Caroline - - 2013
The Intraprofessional Practice Education (IPE) pilot project was designed to increase the number of high-quality practice education settings and to develop intraprofessional learning opportunities for nursing students from three different prelicensure programs. Students from the licensed practical nurse, registered nurse, and registered psychiatric nurse programs shared their practice education experience ...
Hanna Vian Nissan - - 2013
In recent years the, incidence of suicide in Kurdistan has been increasing, especially among females, to a degree it cannot be neglected. Consequently, attention was given to this phenomena and the aggressive method of suicide used by young peoples, especially females, in Kurdistan. In attempt to obtain an objective picture ...
Wang Yong - - 2013
Transferrin (Tf) functionalized gold nanoclusters (Tf-AuNCs)/graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposite (Tf-AuNCs/GO) was fabricated as a turn-on near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe for bioimaging cancer cells and small animals. A one-step approach was developed to prepare Tf-AuNCs via a biomineralization process with Tf as template. Tf acted not only as stabilizer and reducer, ...
Huang Haowen - - 2013
In this paper, A label-free multiplex plasmonic sensor has been developed to selectively determine different metal ions including Fe3+, Hg2+, Cu2+ and Ag+ ions based on single type of gold nanorod (GNR). Under proper conditions, these metal ions can react with GNRs, resulting in changes of nanostructure and composition. The ...
Yıldız H - - 2013
We investigated short (6 months) and long (12 months) term inhibitory effects of low (200 ppm) and high (400 ppm) dosages of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) on exocrine pancreatic carcinogenesis. It is known that exocrine pancreatic carcinogenesis can be detected by the presence of atypical acinar cell foci (AACF) in pancreas. ...
Minderhoud Janna - - 2013
Despite many global initiatives to eliminate avoidable blindness, the number of cataract-blind people is still unacceptably high in many parts of the world, particularly in remote rural areas of developing countries. One of the established ways to increase uptake of cataract services is by extending ophthalmic care facilities to rural ...
Lee Paul H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between self-reported oral health (SROH) and general health, this study examined the cross-sectional associations between SROH and nine chronic health conditions, namely cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, thyroid disease, nervous system disease, eye/nose/throat disease, stomach/intestinal disease, and musculoskeletal disease in Hong Kong. METHODS: ...
Lazarides Theodore - - 2013
Several recent studies have shown that the combination of photosensitizers with metalloenzymes can support a light-driven multi-electron reduction of molecules such as CO2 or HCN. Here we show that the association of the Zn tetramethyl pyridinium porphyrin (ZnTMPyP4+) photosensitizer with the multi-copper oxidase laccase allows to link the oxidation of ...
Florianova L - - 2013
The presence of stem-like cells in tumors reflects the invasive character of the disease; however, their identification is controversial. We investigated the distribution of CD133, CD44 and CD24 using histological sections and tissue microarrays (TMAs) of human colon adenocarcinoma obtained from patients with and without lymph node metastases and/or liver ...
Patel Vatsal - - 2013
ABSTRACT We studied the clinical benefits of radiological imaging, in the follow-up of patients after combined modality treatment for Stage I/II classical supradiaphragmatic Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL). Imaging data were collected for 78 adults treated 1996-2008. Median follow-up was 4.6 years. Six of the nine relapses were detected clinically. On average, ...
Nguyen Mai - - 2013
We reported herein a facile and scalable preparation process for MoS(2)-decorated Zn(x)Cd(1-x)S hybrid photocatalysts for hydrogen generation. Zn(x)Cd(1-x)S nanopowder was first prepared from commercially available precursors employing a solution based process. MoS(2) hydrogen evolution reaction catalyst was then loaded onto the Zn(x)Cd(1-x)S nanopowder via a photo-assisted deposition process which employed ...
Chanet Audrey - - 2013
Flavanones are found specifically and abundantly in citrus fruits. Their beneficial effect on vascular function is well documented. However, little is known about their cellular and molecular mechanisms of action in vascular cells. The goal of the present study was to identify the impact of flavanone metabolites on endothelial cells ...
Sharif Md Jafar - - 2013
Fe(x)Co(100-x) nanoalloys (NAs) with 20 ≤ x ≤ 80 were prepared by hydrogen reduction of Fe-Co oxide nano-composites, which were composed of mixed phases (or domains) of Fe(2)O(3) and CoO. In situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements using synchrotron radiation clearly showed development of a solid-solution Fe-Co phase by hydrogen reduction ...
Cheng Longjiu - - 2013
Based on the recently proposed super valence bond model, in which superatoms can compose superatomic molecules by sharing valence pairs and nuclei for shell closure, the 23c-14e bi-icosahedral Au(23)((+9)) core of Au(38)(SR)(24) is proved to be a superatomic molecule. Molecular orbital analysis reveals that the Au(23)((+9)) core is an exact ...
Rodríguez-Sánchez Alma M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we hypothesized that dentist' interpersonal resources (good cooperation with one's assistant) together with their personal resources (optimism) buffer the negative effects of emotional dissonance (a demand that occurs when there is a difference between felt and displayed emotions) on job performance (in-role and extra-role performance) over ...
Sun Tian-Ying - - 2013
A new class of ratiometric fluorescence sensors composed of rare-earth (RE) compound nanotubes is described. Polyethylenimine-coated yttrium hydroxide fluoride nanotubes (YHF NTs) that were synthesized hydrothermally exhibit highly efficient fluorescence when doped with RE ions. The polyethylenimine on the NTs facilitates the incorporation of phosphors such as quantum dots or ...
Fleuren Emmy D G - - 2013
Because novel therapeutic options are limited in Ewing sarcomas (ES), we investigated the expression, genetic aberrations and clinical relevance of MET and Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) in ES and determined the relevance of targeting these receptors. MET and ALK protein expression was determined immunohistochemically in 31 (50 samples) and 36 ...
So Pui-Kin - - 2013
Drug analysis is an indispensable task in controlling drug abuse, which is a serious problem worldwide nowadays. In this study, we report a simple and rapid approach for detection and quantitation of drugs-of-abuse in urine and oral fluid by wooden-tip electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (WT-ESI-MS). We demonstrated that ketamine, one ...
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