Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 4815
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Nuttall Tim - - 2013
Background -  Heritability studies suggest that atopic dermatitis (AD) involves multiple genes and interactions with environmental factors. Advances in genomics have given us powerful techniques to study the genetics of AD. Objective -  To review the application of these techniques to canine AD. Results -  Candidate genes can be studied using quantitative PCR ...
Jiménez-Hoyuela Jose M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Hemiplegic migraine (HM) is an unusual type of migraine, with few cases reported in the literature. Unlike other types of migraine, aura HM presents accompanying motor deficit manifestations that do not last more than 24 hours. We report a 27-year-old man referred to us from the emergency department to ...
- - 2013
Composite overlay of photos showing a fluorescent protein (mCherry) before (purple) and after (green) application of a flash of light that triggers recruitment of the fluorescent protein to the plasma membrane.
Khoo C C H CC Arthropod-borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Immunology & Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, - - 2013
RNA interference (RNAi) is the major innate antiviral pathway in Aedes aegypti that responds to replicating arboviruses such as dengue virus (DENV) and Sindbis virus (SINV). On the one hand, the mosquito's RNAi machinery is capable of completely eliminating DENV2 from Ae. aegypti. On the other, transient silencing of key genes ...
Iyori Keita - - 2013
Background -  Cefovecin has been widely used to treat skin infections in dogs. The relationship of the cefovecin disk-diffusion test results to the presence of the mecA gene and the clinical efficacy of cefovecin have not been fully evaluated. Hypothesis/Objectives -  To determine the usefulness of an in vitro cefovecin disk-diffusion test ...
Slater Sandy J SJ Institute for Health Research and Policy, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2013
Neighborhood design features have been associated with health outcomes, including the prevalence of obesity. This study examined the association between walkability and adolescent weight in a national sample of public secondary school students and the communities in which they live. Data were collected through student surveys and community observations between ...
Brown Rodger H - - 2013
Infection can be a devastating complication associated with prosthetic incisional hernia repair. It is unclear whether the type of mesh used affects the risk of infection. A retrospective review was performed of all patients who underwent elective incisional hernia repair with permanent prosthetic mesh between January 1, 2000, and August ...
Garcia Garzon G - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Bone scintigraphy has been used extensively in prostate cancer patients to detect bone involvement.C-choline PET/CT is indicated when a biochemical recurrence is suspected, as this procedure is able to detect local recurrence, lymph-node infiltration, and metastases.In cases where the results of these 2 procedures do not coincide, MRI is ...
Bader A - - 2013
Objectives CD133pos cells are currently evaluated for use in cardiac cell therapy. We hypothesized that they exert their beneficial effects in a paracrine manner and investigated this in a cell culture ischaemia model. Furthermore, we checked whether purified CD133pos cells perform better than non-fractionated mononuclear cells (MNC). Methods CD133pos cells ...
Olson Jeffrey L - - 2013
Spontaneous late subluxation of an intraocular lens (IOL) is a rare but serious complication of cataract surgery, often associated with poor zonular support. The management of this complication with a conventional forceps is difficult because the forceps often cannot adequately grasp the optic or haptic to fixate the IOL to ...
Chur Victor - - 2013
Mometasone furoate nasal spray (MFNS) improves nasal symptoms and reduces polyp size in adults with nasal polyposis. This 4-month, multinational, randomized, double-blind study was conducted to assess the safety of MFNS in pediatric subjects aged 6-17 yr. Subjects aged 6-11 yr with bilateral nasal polyps received MFNS 100 μg once or twice daily ...
Malik Richard - - 2013
Background -  Mycobacterial granulomas of the skin and subcutis can be caused by one of a number of pathogens. This review concentrates on noncultivable species that cause diseases characterized by focal granuloma(s), namely leproid granuloma (in dogs) and feline leprosy (in cats). Clinically indistinguishable lesions can be caused by tuberculous organisms ...
Donovan Geoffrey H - - 2013
Several recent studies have identified a relationship between the natural environment and improved health outcomes. However, for practical reasons, most have been observational, cross-sectional studies. A natural experiment, which provides stronger evidence of causality, was used to test whether a major change to the natural environment-the loss of 100 million ...
Vicenzi E - - 2013
The strategy of all retroviral infections is based on establishing an equilibrium between virus replication and proviral latency in the infected host. The human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1), belonging to the subfamily of lentiviridae, adds an additional level of sophistication to this general rule by encoding two regulatory genes (tat ...
Ravera Iván - - 2013
Background - It is unproven that all dogs harbour Demodex mites in their skin. In fact, several microscopic studies have failed to demonstrate mites in healthy dogs. Hypothesis/Objectives - Demodex canis is a normal inhabitant of the skin of most, if not all, dogs. This hypothesis was tested using a ...
Burt Leah - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the United States. It's estimated that more than 13 million U.S. adults have COPD, and as many as 24 million have evidence of impaired lung function, suggesting that COPD is underdiagnosed. Even when patients receive optimal COPD ...
Afshar Maryam - - 2013
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have a pivotal role in cutaneous innate immunity. They are present in the skin of many animals, including mammals, and are both constitutively present and inducible by infection and injury. Antimicrobial peptides exhibit antimicrobial activity against bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites, with different potencies depending on their ...
Nokes Kathleen M - - 2013
The purpose of this preliminary work was to develop a new short tool to assess personal health records (PHRs) self-efficacy. Prior work had found 4 distinct skills related to creating, updating, tracking symptoms, and sharing information with health care providers using PHR. Although PHRs have great promise, their uptake has ...
Ito Kimiteru - - 2013
ABSTRACT: A 65-year-old woman with a complete atrioventricular block was diagnosed as having cardiac sarcoidosis. F-FDG PET/CT imaging without unfractionated heparin loading revealed systemic abnormal uptake indicating sarcoidosis. However, the cardiac lesions were vague because of the physiological FDG uptake. One month later, F-FDG PET/CT using heparin loading was performed ...
Celik Ugur - - 2013
To assess the safety, predictability, and stability of a new microwave thermokeratoplasty procedure to correct myopia. Cornea and refractive surgery subspecialty. Prospective clinical trial. Thermokeratoplasty was performed in myopic eyes at a single center in Turkey from June 2009 to June 2010. The attempted corrections ranged from -1.25 to -5.75 ...
Koeppen Arnulf H - - 2013
Friedreich ataxia is an autosomal recessive disorder that affects children and young adults. The mutation consists of a homozygous guanine-adenine-adenine trinucleotide repeat expansion that causes deficiency of frataxin, a small nuclear genome-encoded mitochondrial protein. Low frataxin levels lead to insufficient biosynthesis of iron-sulfur clusters that are required for mitochondrial electron ...
Klukowska-Rötzler Jolanta - - 2013
Background -  In humans, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) plays a central role in the development of allergic inflammation, such as atopic dermatitis (AD), but it is unknown whether it is involved in the pathogenesis of canine AD (CAD). Hypothesis/Objectives -  Our aim was to characterize canine TSLP and to assess its expression ...
Baskin Monica L ML Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1717 11th Avenue South, MT 618, Birmingham, AL 35205, USA. - - 2013
African American adolescents residing in the South are at increased risk for obesity and physical inactivity, yet our understanding of potential influences is limited. Using an ecological framework, this study explored multilevel predictors (individual, family, home, and neighborhood environment) of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among 116 African American adolescents (ages ...
van Rooij Linda G M LG Department of Neonatology, KE 04.123.1, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, PO Box 85090, 3508 AB, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Neonatal seizures can be classified as tonic, clonic, myoclonic, and subtle. A clinical diagnosis is not easy as seizures are usually subtle in neonates. In the majority of newborn infants seizures are subclinical. On the other hand, not all abnormal movements identified by clinicians as clinical seizures are accompanied by ...
Nioche Christophe - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare various acquisition and processing protocols for noninvasive glioma grading using either static or dynamic F-FDopa PET. Dynamic studies were performed in 33 patients. Based on histopathological analysis, 18 patients had a high-grade (HG) tumor and 15 patients had a low-grade (LG) tumor. ...
Bikker Floris J - - 2013
The salivary agglutinin glycoprotein (SAG) is present in saliva but is also part of the salivary pellicle, playing a seemingly paradoxical role with regard to bacterial homeostasis. On the one hand, SAG aggregates bacteria in solution, thereby preventing bacterial colonization. On the other hand, when bound to the tooth surface, ...
London Cheryl A - - 2013
With recent advances in molecular biology, abnormalities in cancer cells that contribute to dysregulation of cell survival and proliferation are being characterized with greater precision. Through this process, key abnormalities in cancer cells involving proteins that regulate signal transduction, migration, mitosis and other critical processes have been identified. Such abnormalities ...
Bassett David R - - 2013
Despite overwhelming evidence of the health benefits of physical activity, most American youth are not meeting the 60 minutes per day recommendation for moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA). Policy changes have the potential to bring about substantial increases in physical activity in youth, within school and community settings. The ...
Majumdar Sumit R - - 2013
Vertebral fractures detected "incidentally" by chest radiograph usually do not trigger osteoporosis treatment in older patients. In a 3-arm controlled trial we reported that both physician-directed and enhanced (physician plus patient activation) interventions increased treatment rates more than 10-fold (15%-20% absolute increases) compared with usual care; the cost-effectiveness of these ...
Thato Ratsiri - - 2013
To test the effectiveness of a brief theory-based HIV prevention program led by peers among college students. A quasi-experimental research using a pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design with 2-mo follow-up. A university in Bangkok. For peer leaders, 70 undergrad students taking health sexuality course were invited to participate in the ...
Koren Amir - - 2013
: The incidence and the clinical characteristics of neonatal herpes simplex virus (NHSV) infection in Israel are unknown. : We reviewed the medical records of NHSV cases who were born between January 2001 and December 2007 in 5 medical centers located in central Israel. Cases were identified using International Classification ...
Yang Bao-Zhu BZ Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, - - 2013
Child abuse is highly prevalent and associated with increased risk for a range of health problems, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, psychiatric disorders, and other health problems. Little is currently known about the mechanism by which early adversity confers risk for health problems later in life. To determine if there ...
Gerber Yariv Y Department of Health Sciences Research, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
There is growing awareness of an association between cardiovascular disease and fractures, and a temporal increase in fracture risk after myocardial infarction has been identified. To further explore the nature of this relationship, we systematically examined the association of hip fracture with all disease categories and assessed related secular trends. ...
Bozek A - - 2013
Immunotherapy in elderly patients is controversial, and there is still no evidence supporting this treatment's safety and efficacy in this population. This study was performed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of specific sublingual immunotherapy for house dust mite (HDM) allergens in patients over 60 years of age with allergic rhinitis ...
Khubchandani Jagdish - - 2013
This study assessed the perceptions and practices of school nurses regarding adolescent dating violence (ADV). The membership list of the National Association of School Nurses was used to identify a national random cross-sectional sample of high school nurses in the United States (N = 750). A valid and reliable survey instrument was ...
Elias Joseph Abraham - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess amputee care-related educational offerings and barriers to further educational opportunities in United States physical medicine and rehabilitation residency programs. A two-part survey was distributed to all United States physical medicine and rehabilitation residency program directors. Part 1 assessed the use of educational ...
Rush Kathy L - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to understand older adults' perspectives of strength in their daily lives. Maintaining strength is important as the population ages and many older adults live into their 80s and 90s. Few studies have explored older adults' views of strength and its management as they age. ...
Wu Bing - - 2013
ABSTRACT: A 71-year-old man presented with a progressive right knee pain which persisted for 6 months and was not relieved by pain medications. He had a history of lung squamous carcinoma 1 year ago. X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed hyperostosis, degenerative changes, and occupancy lesions of the right ...
Luger Michiel H A - - 2013
To evaluate the influence of patient age on the postoperative outcomes in eyes with myopia higher than 5.00 diopters (D) that had laser in situ keratomileusis using the Schwind Amaris laser system. Private practice, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Case series. At the 1-year follow-up, right eyes with preoperative myopia higher than ...
Shapiro Ralph S - - 2013
Subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) therapy is gaining favor for the management of primary immunodeficiency disease (PIDD) in adults and children. A retrospective chart review captured data on 96 pediatric patients with PIDD using SCIG (16% or 20%) delivered by infusion pump or SC rapid push over 620 clinic visits. Patients previously ...
Thorgeirsson Tryggvi - - 2013
The field of behavioral economics combines psychology and economics to investigate how individuals actually behave as opposed to how they would behave if they were being perfectly rational (as in the sense of maximizing their utility). Although initial applications focused on consumer behavior, such as explaining why people failed to ...
Tulchinsky Mark - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The dilated cystic duct sign (DCDS) on hepatobiliary scintigraphy can lead to a false-negative test in patients with acute cholecystitis. Presented is a case of acute gangrenous cholecystitis with probable DCDS on the planar study that was unequivocally delineated on SPECT/CT imaging. SPECT/CT may be useful when planar findings ...
Sachar Madhav - - 2013
Widespread usage of herbs as supplements or medicines raises the potential of herb-drug interactions (HDIs). Basically, HDIs occur by pharmacokinetic and/or pharmacodynamic pathways. Nuclear receptors (NRs) are a class of transcription factors whose role in drug interactions has been defined. A large number of herbs activate NRs, resulting in HDIs. ...
Gray Laura L - - 2013
Background -  Ciclosporin (CSA) is approved for the treatment of canine atopic dermatitis. Ciclosporin is metabolized by liver cytochrome P450 enzymes, a process inhibited by ketoconazole (KTZ). Hypothesis/Objectives -  The aims of this study were to determine skin and blood CSA concentrations when CSA was administered alone at 5.0 (Treatment 1) or 2.5 mg/kg ...
Wolden Suzanne L - - 2013
Total body irradiation (TBI) is a specialized radiotherapy technique. It is frequently used as a component of treatment plans involving hematopoietic stem cell transplant for a variety of disorders, most commonly hematologic malignancies. A variety of treatment delivery techniques, doses, and fractionation schemes can be utilized. A collaborative effort of ...
Weinmayr G - - 2013
Classification of respiratory symptoms may help to identify different underlying asthma phenotypes reflecting differences in aetiology and prognosis of wheezing disease among children. To determine childhood asthma phenotypes based on respiratory symptoms from a widely used questionnaire to further classify phenotypes in international settings. Between 2000 and 2002 cross-sectional studies ...
Adams Monica L ML Center for Evaluation & Sociomedical Research, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, PO BOX 365067, San Juan, PR 00936-5067. - - 2013
School smoking bans give officials the authority to provide a smoke-free environment, but enacting policies within the school walls is just one step in comprehensive tobacco prevention among students. It is necessary to investigate factors beyond the school campus and into the neighborhoods that surround schools. The purpose of this ...
Moisseiev Elad - - 2013
An 86-year-old patient developed a significant intraocular inflammatory reaction after having phacoemulsification. Topical therapy did not eliminate the inflammation, and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) was injected into the anterior chamber. A white corneal plaque appeared in the previously clear cornea within days of the injection. The lesion was diagnosed as ...
Barry Colleen L - - 2013
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages including nondiet sodas, sport drinks, and energy drinks has been linked with obesity. Recent state and local efforts to tax these beverages have been unsuccessful. Enactment will be unlikely without public support, yet little research is available to assess how to effectively make the case for ...
Maher Zoë - - 2013
Much effort in surgical education is placed on the development of clinical judgment and technical proficiency. However, little focus is placed on the management of stress associated with surgical performance. The inability to manage stress may lead to poor patient care, attrition from residency, and surgeon burnout. A blinded, matched, ...
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