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Cabrera Cordon A R - - 2013
Transcript levels of vitellogenins (Vgs) in the varroa mite, Varroa destructor (Anderson & Trueman), were variably induced by interactions between the developing honeybee, Apis mellifera L, as a food source and the capped honeybee cell environment. Transcripts for two Vgs of varroa mites were sequenced and putative Vg protein products ...
McCullough Laurence B - - 2013
The morally responsible practice of clinical medicine depends on many factors, the integrity of clinical judgment chief among them. Responsible clinical judgment requires that it be deliberative. The disciplines of the humanities, all of which contribute to clinical ethics-as the papers that follow illustrate-teach that deliberative reasoning includes critical self-awareness ...
Eckholm Nicole G - - 2013
Background -  Canine pyodermas associated with meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. (MRS) have increased in prevalence over the past decade. Hypothesis/Objectives -  To compare the prevalence of MRS isolation from dogs with superficial pyoderma at a primary care clinic (PCC) and those at a tertiary care facility (VMTH) in California, USA, and ...
Million Matthieu - - 2013
Certain strains of Lactobacillus appear to have a reproducible effect on weight as a weight-gain effect in lean humans and animals or a weight-loss effect in overweight/obese humans and animals. These results are completely sufficient to capture the attention of the scientific community to assess the effect on the weight ...
Diehl Kevin - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is an extremely rare manifestation of extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (0.016% of all cases). Presented are CT, MRI, ultrasound, and F fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) PET/CT images, which characterized PHL and demonstrated hepatic vein thrombus that extended into the inferior vena cava-a feature not previously described. Recognition of ...
Raucy Judy L - - 2013
The evolution of scientific information relating to the regulation of xenobiotic disposition has extended to the discovery of an intricate group of receptor systems now recognized as master regulators. These ligand-activated transcription factors are commonly designated as "nuclear receptors", and include CAR (NR1I3), PXR (NR1I2), PPAR (NR1C1, NR1C2, and NR1C3) ...
Cascalho Marilia I MI Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2013
Scarcely anyone would dispute that donor-specific B cells and the Abs that they produce can cause rejection of transplants. Less clear and more controversial, however, is the possibility that donor-specific B cells and the Abs that they produce are one or more means by which transplants can be protected from ...
Murayama Nobuo - - 2013
Background -  Topical therapy, particularly with chlorhexidine, is becoming increasingly common as a treatment option for canine pyoderma; however, there are limited studies on the susceptibility of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius to chlorhexidine compounds. Objectives -  To determine the in vitro susceptibility of both meticillin-resistant and meticillin-susceptible S. pseudintermedius isolates to chlorhexidine and other antiseptic ...
- - 2013
This policy was developed by a joint writing panel of the American College of Emergency Physicians and the American Academy of Neurology. The panel reviewed the literature to derive evidence-based recommendations to help clinicians answer the following critical questions: (1) Is intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) safe and effective for ...
Parisi C A S - - 2013
The Sabin vaccine is used world-wide, and most children with food allergies receive it without incident. However, in the 2009 vaccination campaign conducted in Argentina, four children experienced immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions following vaccination. We aimed to review the medical history of the affected children, study their allergic condition after the ...
Pires Layla - - 2013
Background -  Pythiosis is a life-threatening disease caused by Pythium insidiosum. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an alternative treatment to surgery that uses the interaction of a photosensitizer, light and molecular oxygen to cause cell death. Objectives -  To evaluate the effect of PDT on the in vitro growth of P. insidiosum and in ...
Reis Rodrigo S RS School of Health and Biosciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil. - - 2013
Physical inactivity plays a role in the acquisition of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and breast and colon cancer. The impact of such noncommunicable diseases on low- and middle-income countries is a major global health concern, but most studies in this area have focused on high-income countries. A better understanding ...
Wang L - - 2013
The novel HLA-A*24:128 shows one nucleotide change from HLA-A*24:02:01:01 in exon 2 at position 155 from A to G.
Brachelente Chiara - - 2013
Background -  Although cutaneous stem cells have been implicated in skin tumourigenesis in humans, no studies have been conducted to elucidate the presence and the possible role of stem cells in hair follicle tumours in the dog. Hypothesis -  Stem cell markers are expressed in canine epidermal and follicular tumours and can ...
Cruz Ruy J RJ - - 2013
Liver transplantation (LTx) for hepatoblatoma appears to be increasing. Favorable tumor histology is increasingly linked to survival after surgical resection and could also determine posttransplantation outcomes. To evaluate national trends in tumor and LTx incidence as the basis for observations at some LTx centers, and determinants of survival after LTx ...
Fanikos John - - 2013
Pulmonary embolism places a heavy economic burden on health care systems, but the components of hospital cost have not been elucidated. We evaluated hospitalized patients with the primary diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Our goal was to determine the total and component costs associated with their hospital care. We included patients ...
Thomas W R - - 2013
Activation of receptors of the innate immune system is a critical step in the initiation of immune responses. It has been shown that dominant allergens have properties that could allow them to interact with toll-like and C-type lectin receptors to favour Th2-biased responses and many bind lipids and glycans that ...
Gates Michelle - - 2013
Canadian Aboriginal youth have poorer diet quality and higher rates of overweight and obesity than the general population. This research aimed to assess the impact of simple food provision programs on the intakes of milk and alternatives among youth in Kashechewan and Attawapiskat First Nations (FNs), Ontario, Canada. A pilot ...
Nishifuji Koji - - 2013
The stratum corneum (SC) is the outermost region of the epidermis and plays key roles in cutaneous barrier function in mammals. The SC is composed of 'bricks', represented by flattened, protein-enriched corneocytes, and 'mortar', represented by intercellular lipid-enriched layers. As a result of this 'bricks and mortar' structure, the SC ...
Adlhoch Cornelia - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: In the German federal state Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, routine rotavirus (RV) vaccination in infants has been recommended since 2009. The effectiveness of RV vaccination was investigated after an unexpectedly high number of RV infections in fully vaccinated children occurred. METHODS:: Intensified RV surveillance was performed in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania between 2010 ...
Kim Hae Won - - 2013
The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of PET/CT in detecting peritoneal carcinomatosis in patients with ovarian cancer and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of FDG PET/CT with that of enhanced abdominal CT. The medical records of 46 consecutive patients with ovarian cancer were reviewed, and the presence of peritoneal ...
Lopci Egesta - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Herein we report the case of a 45-year-old woman with known history of malignant melanoma, complaining recent onset of bilateral hearing problems initially addressed to acoustic neuroma. Dedicated F-FDG PET/CT and MR imaging documented the presence of 3 areas of pathologic uptake in the V-VII-VIII cranial nerves, other 2 ...
Gutiérrez-Magdaleno Gabriel - - 2013
Unlike most small globular proteins, lipocalins lack a compact hydrophobic core. Instead, they present a large central cavity that functions as the primary binding site for hydrophobic molecules. Not surprisingly, these proteins typically exhibit complex structural dynamics in solution, which is intricately modified by intermolecular recognition events. Although many lipocalins ...
Edlow Jonathan A JA Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2013
Acute neurological symptoms in pregnant and post-partum women could be caused by exacerbation of a pre-existing neurological condition, the initial presentation of a non-pregnancy-related problem, or a new acute-onset neurological problem that is either unique to or occurs with increased frequency during or just after pregnancy. Pregnant and postpartum patients ...
Joa Kyung-Lim - - 2013
The aim of this study was to understand the meaning of the double-peak responses in digital nerve conduction study in normal and diabetic patients. This was a cross-sectional and correlative study. Sixty healthy subjects (10 people per decade from 20 to 79 yrs of age; 26 men; mean age, 48 ...
Wei Feifei F Department of Biostatistics, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA. - - 2013
Little information is available on geographic disparity of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among women aged 18-26 years in the U.S. Genital HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the U.S. Persistent HPV infection with oncogenic types can cause cervical cancer. This study utilized data collected from the 2010 ...
Williams Hywel C - - 2013
This narrative review highlights areas within the epidemiology of human atopic dermatitis (AD) where significant progress has been made and where considerable ignorance still exists. The review is supported by systematic reviews wherever possible, with the purpose of stimulating fresh approaches to human and veterinary research into AD. Areas of ...
Eashwar M - - 2013
In replicate series of experiments in natural seawater, one in full darkness and the other in a 1:1 diurnal cycle with as little as ∼5% of natural solar illumination, sunlight promoted calcareous deposition on cathodic stainless steel surfaces. As exemplified by scanning electron microscopy, the deposit that formed under the ...
Li Philip Kam-Tao - - 2013
The treatment of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy with normal renal function and minimal proteinuria is unknown. We randomly assigned 60 patients with IgA nephropathy, proteinuria <0.5 g/day, normal blood pressure and renal function to ramipril 2.5 mg daily or no treatment. Patients were followed for 5 years for the development ...
Fosse Pacôme - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Hepatic adenoma is a rare, benign tumor (with potential for malignant degeneration) and its diagnosis is difficult because its presentation is highly variable in medical imaging, particularly with MRI. In such cases, the use of a hepatic biopsy is usually recommended. FDG-PET/CT provides a very significant predictive value for ...
Gavala M L ML Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792-9988, - - 2013
Allergic airway inflammation contributes to the airway remodelling that has been linked to increased obstruction and morbidity in asthma. However, the mechanisms by which allergens contribute to airway remodelling in humans are not fully established. CCL18, chitotriosidase (CHIT1) and YKL-40 are readily detectable in the lungs and contribute to remodelling ...
Willits Kathryn A - - 2013
Children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) tend to miss more school because of illness. Medical homes are a model of primary health care that coordinate services to better meet the needs of the child. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between presence of medical home and ...
Dreborg Sten - - 2013
A Working Group on Pediatric Allergology was formed in 1984, which rapidly developed to become the European Society on Pediatric Allergology and Clinical Immunology (ESPACI) in 1988 with its own journal, Pediatric Allergology and Immunology. ESPACI worked together with the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) to form ...
Ojo Joseph-Olubunmi - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Extensive tau-immunoreactive neurons and glial cells associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) have been documented in the brains of some professional athletes and others with a history of repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (r-mTBI). The neuropathology and tau involvement in mTBI have not been extensively studied in animal models, ...
Slining Meghan M MM Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, - - 2013
Heretofore, corporate voluntary pledges to improve the health of Americans have been linked neither to explicit measurable commitments nor to a framework for an independent evaluation. The Healthy Weight Commitment Foundation (HWCF), whose members include 16 of the nation's leading consumer packaged goods food and beverage manufacturers, voluntarily pledged to ...
Strobel Klaus - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Osteoblastomas are rare tumors accounting for approximately 1% of all primary bone tumors. We report a case of osteoblastoma of the mandible with high FDG uptake. Initially, this lesion was judged as an osteosarcoma. Osteoblastomas are benign slow-growing tumors. High-resolution thin-slice CT images of the lesion as part of ...
Staudinger Jeff L - - 2013
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are a common cause of patient morbidity and mortality and are classically thought to result, in part, from variation in expression and activity of hepatic enzymes of drug metabolism. It is now known that alterations in the expression of genes that encode drug- and bile-acid-transporter proteins ...
Schuna John M JM - - 2013
After-school programs may provide valuable opportunities for children to accumulate healthful physical activity (PA). This study assessed the PA of third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade children in the Keep It Moving! (KIM) after-school PA program, which was implemented in an ethnically diverse and low socioeconomic status school district in Colorado Springs, ...
Harman Robert J - - 2013
Adult stem cells come from many sources and have the capacity to differentiate into many cell types, including those of the skin. The most commonly studied stem cells are those termed mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are easily isolated from bone marrow and adipose tissue. Mesenchymal stem cells are known ...
Willis Ross E - - 2013
The Fundamentals of Surgery Curriculum (FSC) is an interactive system that engages interns in case-based scenarios that involve identifying symptoms, ordering tests, and formulating treatment plans. In this study, we examined the usefulness of the FSC as a knowledge preparatory tool for incoming interns. Twenty incoming interns participated in this ...
Marcus Frank I - - 2013
The duration of the cholesterol-lowering effect of statins is considerably longer than the duration of the pharmacokinetic half-life of these drugs. The long duration of pharmacologic effects provides the rational for the efficacy of intermittent dosing that provides nearly the equivalent low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction compared with daily dosing. Review ...
Shi Xinchong - - 2013
Accurate identification of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and its differentiation from other brain tumors remain difficult but are essential for treatment. In this study, we investigated whether N-ammonia combined with F-FDG could distinguish PCNSL from solid gliomas effectively. Ten consecutive patients with final diagnosis of PCNSL (5 female ...
Harisankar Chidambaram Natrajan Balasubramanian - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Marine-Lenhart syndrome has been described as a variant of Graves disease with the following criteria: (1) the thyroid scan shows an enlarged gland and 1 or 2 poorly functioning nodules; (2) the nodule is TSH dependent and the paranodular tissue is TSH independent; (3) after endogenous or exogenous TSH ...
Ballut Lionel - - 2013
Heparin/heparan sulfate interact with growth factors, chemokines, extracellular proteins, and receptors. Integrins are αβ heterodimers that serve as receptors for extracellular proteins, regulate cell behavior, and participate in extracellular matrix assembly. Heparin binds to RGD-dependent integrins (αIIbβ3, α5β1, αvβ3, and αvβ5) and to RGD-independent integrins (α4β1, αXβ2, and αMβ2), but ...
Moore Peter F - - 2013
Background -  Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) in dogs is a heterogeneous disease complex, which consists of nonepitheliotropic (NE) and epitheliotropic forms. These lymphomas are readily recognized by the presence of dominant populations of cytologically atypical lymphocytes. Objective -  The objective of this study was to introduce the key features of inflamed NE-CTCL, ...
Jack Clifford R CR Jr Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
In 2010, we put forward a hypothetical model of the major biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The model was received with interest because we described the temporal evolution of AD biomarkers in relation to each other and to the onset and progression of clinical symptoms. Since then, evidence has accumulated ...
Wilcox Sara S Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, 29208, USA. - - 2013
Faith-based interventions hold promise for promoting health in ethnic minority populations. To date, however, few of these interventions have used a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, have targeted both physical activity and healthy eating, and have focused on structural changes in the church. To report the results of a group ...
Venkataram Aniketh - - 2013
An 18-year-old phenotypic male presented with an irreducible left inguinal mass, gynecomastia, and hypospadias. This mass on exploration was found to be a nonfunctional uterus with ipsilateral ovary and was excised. Further investigation confirmed the presence of a contralateral testis and a genotype of 46, XX. This confirmed the diagnosis ...
Dodson John A JA Section of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2013
Despite the fact that 80% of patients with heart failure are aged more than 65 years, recognition of cognitive impairment by physicians in this population has received relatively little attention. The current study evaluated physician documentation (as a measure of recognition) of cognitive impairment at the time of discharge in ...
Gonzales Andrea J - - 2013
Background -  Interleukin-31 (IL-31) is a member of the gp130/interleukin-6 cytokine family that is produced by cell types such as T helper 2 lymphocytes and cutaneous lymphocyte antigen positive skin homing T cells. When overexpressed in transgenic mice, IL-31 induces severe pruritus, alopecia and skin lesions. In humans, IL-31 serum levels correlate with the ...
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