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Evariste Emmanuelle - - 2013
The effect of a series of xerogel coatings modified with aminoalkyl/fluorocarbon/hydrocarbon groups on the adhesion of a new test species, the filamentous brown alga Ectocarpus crouaniorum, has been explored, and compared with the green alga Ulva linza. The results showed that E. crouaniorum adhered weakly to the less polar, low ...
Bhattacharya Anish - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Labeled leukocyte scintigraphy and F-FDG PET are well-documented techniques for the assessment of inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, a 28-year-old man with abdominal pain, vomiting, and raised serum amylase and lipase levels underwent PET/CT imaging using FDG-labeled autologous leukocytes to assess for pancreatic infection. While the pancreas showed ...
Cabrera Cordon A R - - 2013
Transcript levels of vitellogenins (Vgs) in the varroa mite, Varroa destructor (Anderson & Trueman), were variably induced by interactions between the developing honeybee, Apis mellifera L, as a food source and the capped honeybee cell environment. Transcripts for two Vgs of varroa mites were sequenced and putative Vg protein products ...
McCullough Laurence B - - 2013
The morally responsible practice of clinical medicine depends on many factors, the integrity of clinical judgment chief among them. Responsible clinical judgment requires that it be deliberative. The disciplines of the humanities, all of which contribute to clinical ethics-as the papers that follow illustrate-teach that deliberative reasoning includes critical self-awareness ...
Eckholm Nicole G - - 2013
Background -  Canine pyodermas associated with meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. (MRS) have increased in prevalence over the past decade. Hypothesis/Objectives -  To compare the prevalence of MRS isolation from dogs with superficial pyoderma at a primary care clinic (PCC) and those at a tertiary care facility (VMTH) in California, USA, and ...
Million Matthieu - - 2013
Certain strains of Lactobacillus appear to have a reproducible effect on weight as a weight-gain effect in lean humans and animals or a weight-loss effect in overweight/obese humans and animals. These results are completely sufficient to capture the attention of the scientific community to assess the effect on the weight ...
Padma S - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Ocular metastases secondary to thyroid cancer are extremely uncommon, typically affecting the orbit rather than the globe and uvea. Within the uveal structures, the choroid is more commonly involved than the iris and ciliary body. We present a 56-year-old male patient who underwent total thyroidectomy for metastatic papillary thyroid ...
Kent S E - - 2013
GSK2190915, a potent 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein inhibitor, prevents the synthesis of leukotrienes and 5-oxo-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE). To assess the effect of GSK2190915 on the allergen-induced asthmatic responses. Nineteen eligible male subjects with mild asthma were enrolled in and completed this four-centre, double-blind, two-way crossover study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00748306). Subjects took GSK2190915 100 mg ...
Youssefagha Ahmed H - - 2013
Health eTools for Schools was developed to assist school nurses with routine entries, including height and weight, on student health records, thus providing a readily accessible data base. Data-mining techniques were applied to this database to determine if clinically significant results could be generated. Body mass index (BMI) data collected ...
Mortz Charlotte G - - 2013
We have previously reported patch test reactivity to nickel sulphate in a cohort of unselected infants tested repeatedly at 3-18 months of age. A reproducible positive reaction at 12 and 18 months was selected as a sign of nickel sensitivity provided a patch test with an empty Finn chamber was negative. A ...
Hendrickx Debbie A E - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Autoantibodies and complement opsonization have been implicated in the process of demyelination in the major human CNS demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis (MS), but scavenger receptors (SRs) may also play pathogenetic roles. We characterized SR mRNA and protein expression in postmortem brain tissue from 13 MS patients in relation to ...
Fanikos John - - 2013
Pulmonary embolism places a heavy economic burden on health care systems, but the components of hospital cost have not been elucidated. We evaluated hospitalized patients with the primary diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Our goal was to determine the total and component costs associated with their hospital care. We included patients ...
Thomas W R - - 2013
Activation of receptors of the innate immune system is a critical step in the initiation of immune responses. It has been shown that dominant allergens have properties that could allow them to interact with toll-like and C-type lectin receptors to favour Th2-biased responses and many bind lipids and glycans that ...
Gates Michelle - - 2013
Canadian Aboriginal youth have poorer diet quality and higher rates of overweight and obesity than the general population. This research aimed to assess the impact of simple food provision programs on the intakes of milk and alternatives among youth in Kashechewan and Attawapiskat First Nations (FNs), Ontario, Canada. A pilot ...
Adlhoch Cornelia - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: In the German federal state Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, routine rotavirus (RV) vaccination in infants has been recommended since 2009. The effectiveness of RV vaccination was investigated after an unexpectedly high number of RV infections in fully vaccinated children occurred. METHODS:: Intensified RV surveillance was performed in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania between 2010 ...
Kim Min Jeong - - 2013
The hallmarks of Perrault syndrome are progressive sensorineural hearing loss and ovarian dysgenesis, but the disorder is both clinically and genetically heterogenous. We report a 15-year-old girl with gonadal dysgenesis, unilateral sensorineural deafness, cataracts in both eyes, and Marfanoid body proportions diagnosed Perrault syndrome. We detected 14 single nucleotide variations ...
Choi C H - - 2013
The use of vibration is proposed as a means of controlling the settlement of marine fouling organisms. In this study, panels with embedded lead zirconate titanate, known as PZT, were placed in the field over 3 months. The panels were vibrated at different velocity levels at frequencies between 70 and 445 Hz. ...
Thorgeirsson Tryggvi - - 2013
The field of behavioral economics combines psychology and economics to investigate how individuals actually behave as opposed to how they would behave if they were being perfectly rational (as in the sense of maximizing their utility). Although initial applications focused on consumer behavior, such as explaining why people failed to ...
Tulchinsky Mark - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The dilated cystic duct sign (DCDS) on hepatobiliary scintigraphy can lead to a false-negative test in patients with acute cholecystitis. Presented is a case of acute gangrenous cholecystitis with probable DCDS on the planar study that was unequivocally delineated on SPECT/CT imaging. SPECT/CT may be useful when planar findings ...
Sachar Madhav - - 2013
Widespread usage of herbs as supplements or medicines raises the potential of herb-drug interactions (HDIs). Basically, HDIs occur by pharmacokinetic and/or pharmacodynamic pathways. Nuclear receptors (NRs) are a class of transcription factors whose role in drug interactions has been defined. A large number of herbs activate NRs, resulting in HDIs. ...
Gray Laura L - - 2013
Background -  Ciclosporin (CSA) is approved for the treatment of canine atopic dermatitis. Ciclosporin is metabolized by liver cytochrome P450 enzymes, a process inhibited by ketoconazole (KTZ). Hypothesis/Objectives -  The aims of this study were to determine skin and blood CSA concentrations when CSA was administered alone at 5.0 (Treatment 1) or 2.5 mg/kg ...
Santoro Domenico - - 2013
Background -  Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small immunomodulatory peptides produced by epithelial and immune cells. β-Defensins (BDs) and cathelicidins (Caths) are the most studied AMPs. Recently, increased cutaneous expression of AMPs was reported in atopic humans and in beagles with experimentally induced atopy. Hypothesis/Objectives -  Our goal was to analyse mRNA expression ...
Wolden Suzanne L - - 2013
Total body irradiation (TBI) is a specialized radiotherapy technique. It is frequently used as a component of treatment plans involving hematopoietic stem cell transplant for a variety of disorders, most commonly hematologic malignancies. A variety of treatment delivery techniques, doses, and fractionation schemes can be utilized. A collaborative effort of ...
Weinmayr G - - 2013
Classification of respiratory symptoms may help to identify different underlying asthma phenotypes reflecting differences in aetiology and prognosis of wheezing disease among children. To determine childhood asthma phenotypes based on respiratory symptoms from a widely used questionnaire to further classify phenotypes in international settings. Between 2000 and 2002 cross-sectional studies ...
Kamine Tovy Haber - - 2013
On July 1, 2011, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) eliminated 30-hour call in an attempt to improve resident wakefulness. We surveyed interns on the Newton Wellesley Hospital (NWH) surgery service before and after the transition from Q4 overnight call to a night float schedule. For 15 weeks, ...
Yang Jigang - - 2013
Spondylolysis is a defect of the pars interarticularis and is most commonly encountered in the lower lumbar spine of pediatric patients. Stress reaction of the pars interarticularis was regarded as an early stage of this pathological diagnosis in which no obvious anatomical change is detected. Both SPECT with Tc MDP ...
Wang Jui-Hsing - - 2013
ABSTRACT: FDG PET/CT imaging has been used in various medical fields, including neoplastic and infectious diseases, for a long time. We reported a 62-year-old man with fever, chronic cough, arthralgia of the left side of the hip, and body weight loss. Chest radiograph showed increased infiltration in both upper lungs, ...
Bukvic Blazenka Kljaic - - 2013
We investigated the association between genetic variation in chromosomal region 20p13-p12 (ADAM33 and flanking genes ATRN, GFRA4, SIGLEC1 and HSPA12B) and asthma. Amongst asthmatics, we then investigated the association between genetic variants and asthma severity. We evaluated the effect of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in the context of genetic ...
Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan Marianne M - - 2013
Background -  Equine sarcoidosis may present as a generalized or localized exfoliative dermatitis and/or as a granulomatous inflammation of multiple organs. Objectives -  To report the clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and outcome for 22 horses with histologically confirmed sarcoidosis. Animals -  Twenty-two horses of different breeds, between 3 and 17 years ...
Spinelli Antonello Enrico - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Cerenkov luminescence imaging is an emerging optical preclinical modality based on the detection of Cerenkov radiation induced by beta particles when traveling though biological tissues with a velocity greater than the speed of light. We present the first human Cerenkography obtained by detecting Cerenkov radiation escaping the thyroid gland ...
Parisi C A S - - 2013
The Sabin vaccine is used world-wide, and most children with food allergies receive it without incident. However, in the 2009 vaccination campaign conducted in Argentina, four children experienced immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions following vaccination. We aimed to review the medical history of the affected children, study their allergic condition after the ...
Pires Layla - - 2013
Background -  Pythiosis is a life-threatening disease caused by Pythium insidiosum. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an alternative treatment to surgery that uses the interaction of a photosensitizer, light and molecular oxygen to cause cell death. Objectives -  To evaluate the effect of PDT on the in vitro growth of P. insidiosum and in ...
Willis Ross E - - 2013
The Fundamentals of Surgery Curriculum (FSC) is an interactive system that engages interns in case-based scenarios that involve identifying symptoms, ordering tests, and formulating treatment plans. In this study, we examined the usefulness of the FSC as a knowledge preparatory tool for incoming interns. Twenty incoming interns participated in this ...
Marcus Frank I - - 2013
The duration of the cholesterol-lowering effect of statins is considerably longer than the duration of the pharmacokinetic half-life of these drugs. The long duration of pharmacologic effects provides the rational for the efficacy of intermittent dosing that provides nearly the equivalent low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction compared with daily dosing. Review ...
Shi Xinchong - - 2013
Accurate identification of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and its differentiation from other brain tumors remain difficult but are essential for treatment. In this study, we investigated whether N-ammonia combined with F-FDG could distinguish PCNSL from solid gliomas effectively. Ten consecutive patients with final diagnosis of PCNSL (5 female ...
Harisankar Chidambaram Natrajan Balasubramanian - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Marine-Lenhart syndrome has been described as a variant of Graves disease with the following criteria: (1) the thyroid scan shows an enlarged gland and 1 or 2 poorly functioning nodules; (2) the nodule is TSH dependent and the paranodular tissue is TSH independent; (3) after endogenous or exogenous TSH ...
Ballut Lionel - - 2013
Heparin/heparan sulfate interact with growth factors, chemokines, extracellular proteins, and receptors. Integrins are αβ heterodimers that serve as receptors for extracellular proteins, regulate cell behavior, and participate in extracellular matrix assembly. Heparin binds to RGD-dependent integrins (αIIbβ3, α5β1, αvβ3, and αvβ5) and to RGD-independent integrins (α4β1, αXβ2, and αMβ2), but ...
Moore Peter F - - 2013
Background -  Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) in dogs is a heterogeneous disease complex, which consists of nonepitheliotropic (NE) and epitheliotropic forms. These lymphomas are readily recognized by the presence of dominant populations of cytologically atypical lymphocytes. Objective -  The objective of this study was to introduce the key features of inflamed NE-CTCL, ...
Eashwar M - - 2013
In replicate series of experiments in natural seawater, one in full darkness and the other in a 1:1 diurnal cycle with as little as ∼5% of natural solar illumination, sunlight promoted calcareous deposition on cathodic stainless steel surfaces. As exemplified by scanning electron microscopy, the deposit that formed under the ...
Nioche Christophe - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare various acquisition and processing protocols for noninvasive glioma grading using either static or dynamic F-FDopa PET. Dynamic studies were performed in 33 patients. Based on histopathological analysis, 18 patients had a high-grade (HG) tumor and 15 patients had a low-grade (LG) tumor. ...
Bikker Floris J - - 2013
The salivary agglutinin glycoprotein (SAG) is present in saliva but is also part of the salivary pellicle, playing a seemingly paradoxical role with regard to bacterial homeostasis. On the one hand, SAG aggregates bacteria in solution, thereby preventing bacterial colonization. On the other hand, when bound to the tooth surface, ...
London Cheryl A - - 2013
With recent advances in molecular biology, abnormalities in cancer cells that contribute to dysregulation of cell survival and proliferation are being characterized with greater precision. Through this process, key abnormalities in cancer cells involving proteins that regulate signal transduction, migration, mitosis and other critical processes have been identified. Such abnormalities ...
Brown Rodger H - - 2013
Infection can be a devastating complication associated with prosthetic incisional hernia repair. It is unclear whether the type of mesh used affects the risk of infection. A retrospective review was performed of all patients who underwent elective incisional hernia repair with permanent prosthetic mesh between January 1, 2000, and August ...
Garcia Garzon G - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Bone scintigraphy has been used extensively in prostate cancer patients to detect bone involvement.C-choline PET/CT is indicated when a biochemical recurrence is suspected, as this procedure is able to detect local recurrence, lymph-node infiltration, and metastases.In cases where the results of these 2 procedures do not coincide, MRI is ...
Chur Victor - - 2013
Mometasone furoate nasal spray (MFNS) improves nasal symptoms and reduces polyp size in adults with nasal polyposis. This 4-month, multinational, randomized, double-blind study was conducted to assess the safety of MFNS in pediatric subjects aged 6-17 yr. Subjects aged 6-11 yr with bilateral nasal polyps received MFNS 100 μg once or twice daily ...
Malik Richard - - 2013
Background -  Mycobacterial granulomas of the skin and subcutis can be caused by one of a number of pathogens. This review concentrates on noncultivable species that cause diseases characterized by focal granuloma(s), namely leproid granuloma (in dogs) and feline leprosy (in cats). Clinically indistinguishable lesions can be caused by tuberculous organisms ...
Jessel Rebecca H - - 2013
Absence of the lower vagina occurs from abnormal development of the sinovaginal bulbs and vaginal plate. We present a case of an adolescent girl, with a history of VACTERL and VATER status post flap vaginoplasty at 8 m of age and correction of vaginal-urethral fistula, with primary amenorrhea and cyclic ...
Mitchell Ulrike H - - 2013
The use of near-infrared light in the form of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has become more popular in the treatment of a variety of conditions where increased peripheral blood flow is desired. The hypothesis behind its working mechanism is its purported ability to generate nitric oxide (NO) in the treated ...
Yang Albert Y - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We report an incidental finding of absent liver uptake of Tc leukocyte scan in an alcoholic patient with acute Zosyn (piperacillin and tazobactom)-related drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, persistent elevated white blood cell counts, and negative blood culture. Alcoholic steatohepatitis was confirmed in this patient through further ...
Bigo Cyril - - 2013
The recent progresses in molecular biology and pharmacology approaches allowed the characterization of a series of nuclear receptors (NRs) as efficient regulators of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) genes activity. These regulatory processes ensure an optimized UGT expression in response to specific endo- and/or exogenous stimuli. Many of these NRs are ...
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