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Murayama Nobuo - - 2013
Background -  Topical therapy, particularly with chlorhexidine, is becoming increasingly common as a treatment option for canine pyoderma; however, there are limited studies on the susceptibility of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius to chlorhexidine compounds. Objectives -  To determine the in vitro susceptibility of both meticillin-resistant and meticillin-susceptible S. pseudintermedius isolates to chlorhexidine and other antiseptic ...
Bassett David R - - 2013
Despite overwhelming evidence of the health benefits of physical activity, most American youth are not meeting the 60 minutes per day recommendation for moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA). Policy changes have the potential to bring about substantial increases in physical activity in youth, within school and community settings. The ...
Majumdar Sumit R - - 2013
Vertebral fractures detected "incidentally" by chest radiograph usually do not trigger osteoporosis treatment in older patients. In a 3-arm controlled trial we reported that both physician-directed and enhanced (physician plus patient activation) interventions increased treatment rates more than 10-fold (15%-20% absolute increases) compared with usual care; the cost-effectiveness of these ...
Thato Ratsiri - - 2013
To test the effectiveness of a brief theory-based HIV prevention program led by peers among college students. A quasi-experimental research using a pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design with 2-mo follow-up. A university in Bangkok. For peer leaders, 70 undergrad students taking health sexuality course were invited to participate in the ...
Koren Amir - - 2013
: The incidence and the clinical characteristics of neonatal herpes simplex virus (NHSV) infection in Israel are unknown. : We reviewed the medical records of NHSV cases who were born between January 2001 and December 2007 in 5 medical centers located in central Israel. Cases were identified using International Classification ...
Nuttall Tim - - 2013
Background -  Heritability studies suggest that atopic dermatitis (AD) involves multiple genes and interactions with environmental factors. Advances in genomics have given us powerful techniques to study the genetics of AD. Objective -  To review the application of these techniques to canine AD. Results -  Candidate genes can be studied using quantitative PCR ...
Lee Elaine Yuen Phin - - 2013
The differentiation between tumor and bland thromboses is important as the management differs. Retrospectively, we aim to evaluate the utility of FDG PET in detecting and differentiating tumor from bland thromboses and if FDG PET provides additional value to contrast-enhanced CT for tumor thrombus detection. Twenty-four sites of venous thromboembolism, ...
Wang X - - 2013
A meta-analysis was performed to assess the association of the human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) 14 bp insertion (ins)/deletion (del) polymorphism with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions (URSA). The fixed or random effect pooled measure was selected based on the homogeneity test among studies that was evaluated with I(2) . Odds ratio (OR) ...
Marsella Rosanna - - 2013
Skin barrier dysfunction exists in both human and canine atopic dermatitis, leading to increased water loss and potentially facilitating allergen penetration and sensitization. Both lipid (e.g. ceramides) and protein (e.g. filaggrin) abnormalities have been described. Some are genetically inherited (e.g. filaggrin mutations are one of the major risk factors in ...
Hung Chen-Ying - - 2013
Little is known about the effectiveness of statins on primary prevention of atrial fibrillation in elderly patients. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of statin treatment for atrial fibrillation prevention in elderly patients with hypertension, and to determine if comorbidity or CHADS(2) (Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 years, ...
Wisniewski J - - 2013
The prevalence of atopy and allergic disease continues to escalate worldwide. Defining immune mechanisms that suppress the underlying Th2-driven inflammatory process is critical for the rational design of new treatments to prevent or attenuate disease. Allergen immunotherapy has provided a useful framework for evaluating changes in the immune response that ...
Hesla Helena Marell - - 2013
Growing up in families with an anthroposophic lifestyle has been associated with reduced risk of allergic disease in children. The aim of this report was to assess whether children with this lifestyle are infected earlier with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which has been associated with reduced risk of allergic disease, and ...
Barry Colleen L - - 2013
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages including nondiet sodas, sport drinks, and energy drinks has been linked with obesity. Recent state and local efforts to tax these beverages have been unsuccessful. Enactment will be unlikely without public support, yet little research is available to assess how to effectively make the case for ...
Maher Zoë - - 2013
Much effort in surgical education is placed on the development of clinical judgment and technical proficiency. However, little focus is placed on the management of stress associated with surgical performance. The inability to manage stress may lead to poor patient care, attrition from residency, and surgeon burnout. A blinded, matched, ...
Purcell Yvonne Marie - - 2013
ABSTRACT: A 66-year-old man with left pyriform fossa squamous cell carcinoma (T2N0) was treated with chemoradiation. Nine months later, an emergency tracheostomy was performed for respiratory distress. Contrast-enhanced neck and thorax CT demonstrated a right pyriform mass. FDG-PET/CT showed linear increased uptake extending superiorly from the tracheostomy to the right ...
Schulze Johannes - - 2013
In allergic asthma, the diagnosis of house dust mite (HDM) allergy is mainly based on the patient's history, allergy testing by the skin prick test (SPT) or the levels of allergen-specific IgE. We retrospectively analysed data from 350 bronchial provocations with HDM and related it to the following parameters: specific ...
Sousa I T - - 2013
Protein stabilization was achieved by a novel approach based on the adsorption and establishment of affinity-like interactions with a biomimetic triazine-scaffolded ligand. A synthetic lead compound (ligand 3'/11, K(a)  ≈ 10(4)  M(-1) ) was selected from a previously screened solid-phase library of affinity ligands for studies of adsorption and stabilization of ...
Chen Nai-Ching - - 2013
While lesion patterns in white matter have been extensively reported in the literature on carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication, reports on the effects on gray matter damage are less common. The aim of this study was to investigate regional damage patterns focusing on gray matter using Tc ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) ...
Peterson T A - - 2013
Class I human leukocyte antigens (HLA) play an important role in the adaptive immune response by presenting antigens to CD8+ T cells. Studies have reported that several HLA class I alleles are associated with differential disease progression in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals, however, few class I associations with resistance ...
Adeyemi Oluyemisi - - 2013
Pelvic osteomyelitis is a rare but serious condition that has the potential for systemic and muscular complications if left untreated. The diagnosis is difficult due to the relative rarity of the disease, the difficulty of localizing the site of the infection, and the tendency for the presentation to mimic other ...
Samama Meyer Michel - - 2013
No routine coagulation laboratory test is recommended during rivaroxaban or dabigatran treatment. However measuring drug concentration and/or anticoagulant activity can be desirable in some special clinical settings, such as bleeding, thrombosis recurrence or emergency surgery. The effects of dabigatran etexilate and rivaroxaban on various coagulation assays have been previously studied ...
Strobel Klaus - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Osteoblastomas are rare tumors accounting for approximately 1% of all primary bone tumors. We report a case of osteoblastoma of the mandible with high FDG uptake. Initially, this lesion was judged as an osteosarcoma. Osteoblastomas are benign slow-growing tumors. High-resolution thin-slice CT images of the lesion as part of ...
Staudinger Jeff L - - 2013
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are a common cause of patient morbidity and mortality and are classically thought to result, in part, from variation in expression and activity of hepatic enzymes of drug metabolism. It is now known that alterations in the expression of genes that encode drug- and bile-acid-transporter proteins ...
Schuna John M JM - - 2013
After-school programs may provide valuable opportunities for children to accumulate healthful physical activity (PA). This study assessed the PA of third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade children in the Keep It Moving! (KIM) after-school PA program, which was implemented in an ethnically diverse and low socioeconomic status school district in Colorado Springs, ...
Jiménez-Hoyuela Jose M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Hemiplegic migraine (HM) is an unusual type of migraine, with few cases reported in the literature. Unlike other types of migraine, aura HM presents accompanying motor deficit manifestations that do not last more than 24 hours. We report a 27-year-old man referred to us from the emergency department to ...
Iyori Keita - - 2013
Background -  Cefovecin has been widely used to treat skin infections in dogs. The relationship of the cefovecin disk-diffusion test results to the presence of the mecA gene and the clinical efficacy of cefovecin have not been fully evaluated. Hypothesis/Objectives -  To determine the usefulness of an in vitro cefovecin disk-diffusion test ...
Gonzales Andrea J - - 2013
Background -  Interleukin-31 (IL-31) is a member of the gp130/interleukin-6 cytokine family that is produced by cell types such as T helper 2 lymphocytes and cutaneous lymphocyte antigen positive skin homing T cells. When overexpressed in transgenic mice, IL-31 induces severe pruritus, alopecia and skin lesions. In humans, IL-31 serum levels correlate with the ...
Lapostolle Frédéric - - 2013
Medical practice in the media is usually far from reality. Thus, the viewer may be led astray. The world-famous fictional Dr House has to face a difficult diagnosis every week. His practice does not seem to reflect reality. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnosis strategy involved ...
Yoon Ji-Seon - - 2013
Background -  Seborrhoea is a clinical condition resulting in excessive lipid and/or scale on the skin and is a common and important skin disease of dogs. However, there is little information on the skin surface lipid composition of dogs with seborrhoea. Hypothesis/Objectives -  To compare skin surface lipid profiles in normal and ...
Evariste Emmanuelle - - 2013
The effect of a series of xerogel coatings modified with aminoalkyl/fluorocarbon/hydrocarbon groups on the adhesion of a new test species, the filamentous brown alga Ectocarpus crouaniorum, has been explored, and compared with the green alga Ulva linza. The results showed that E. crouaniorum adhered weakly to the less polar, low ...
Bhattacharya Anish - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Labeled leukocyte scintigraphy and F-FDG PET are well-documented techniques for the assessment of inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, a 28-year-old man with abdominal pain, vomiting, and raised serum amylase and lipase levels underwent PET/CT imaging using FDG-labeled autologous leukocytes to assess for pancreatic infection. While the pancreas showed ...
Cabrera Cordon A R - - 2013
Transcript levels of vitellogenins (Vgs) in the varroa mite, Varroa destructor (Anderson & Trueman), were variably induced by interactions between the developing honeybee, Apis mellifera L, as a food source and the capped honeybee cell environment. Transcripts for two Vgs of varroa mites were sequenced and putative Vg protein products ...
McCullough Laurence B - - 2013
The morally responsible practice of clinical medicine depends on many factors, the integrity of clinical judgment chief among them. Responsible clinical judgment requires that it be deliberative. The disciplines of the humanities, all of which contribute to clinical ethics-as the papers that follow illustrate-teach that deliberative reasoning includes critical self-awareness ...
Eckholm Nicole G - - 2013
Background -  Canine pyodermas associated with meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. (MRS) have increased in prevalence over the past decade. Hypothesis/Objectives -  To compare the prevalence of MRS isolation from dogs with superficial pyoderma at a primary care clinic (PCC) and those at a tertiary care facility (VMTH) in California, USA, and ...
Million Matthieu - - 2013
Certain strains of Lactobacillus appear to have a reproducible effect on weight as a weight-gain effect in lean humans and animals or a weight-loss effect in overweight/obese humans and animals. These results are completely sufficient to capture the attention of the scientific community to assess the effect on the weight ...
Padma S - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Ocular metastases secondary to thyroid cancer are extremely uncommon, typically affecting the orbit rather than the globe and uvea. Within the uveal structures, the choroid is more commonly involved than the iris and ciliary body. We present a 56-year-old male patient who underwent total thyroidectomy for metastatic papillary thyroid ...
Kent S E - - 2013
GSK2190915, a potent 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein inhibitor, prevents the synthesis of leukotrienes and 5-oxo-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE). To assess the effect of GSK2190915 on the allergen-induced asthmatic responses. Nineteen eligible male subjects with mild asthma were enrolled in and completed this four-centre, double-blind, two-way crossover study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00748306). Subjects took GSK2190915 100 mg ...
Youssefagha Ahmed H - - 2013
Health eTools for Schools was developed to assist school nurses with routine entries, including height and weight, on student health records, thus providing a readily accessible data base. Data-mining techniques were applied to this database to determine if clinically significant results could be generated. Body mass index (BMI) data collected ...
Mortz Charlotte G - - 2013
We have previously reported patch test reactivity to nickel sulphate in a cohort of unselected infants tested repeatedly at 3-18 months of age. A reproducible positive reaction at 12 and 18 months was selected as a sign of nickel sensitivity provided a patch test with an empty Finn chamber was negative. A ...
Hendrickx Debbie A E - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Autoantibodies and complement opsonization have been implicated in the process of demyelination in the major human CNS demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis (MS), but scavenger receptors (SRs) may also play pathogenetic roles. We characterized SR mRNA and protein expression in postmortem brain tissue from 13 MS patients in relation to ...
Fanikos John - - 2013
Pulmonary embolism places a heavy economic burden on health care systems, but the components of hospital cost have not been elucidated. We evaluated hospitalized patients with the primary diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Our goal was to determine the total and component costs associated with their hospital care. We included patients ...
Thomas W R - - 2013
Activation of receptors of the innate immune system is a critical step in the initiation of immune responses. It has been shown that dominant allergens have properties that could allow them to interact with toll-like and C-type lectin receptors to favour Th2-biased responses and many bind lipids and glycans that ...
Gates Michelle - - 2013
Canadian Aboriginal youth have poorer diet quality and higher rates of overweight and obesity than the general population. This research aimed to assess the impact of simple food provision programs on the intakes of milk and alternatives among youth in Kashechewan and Attawapiskat First Nations (FNs), Ontario, Canada. A pilot ...
Adlhoch Cornelia - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: In the German federal state Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, routine rotavirus (RV) vaccination in infants has been recommended since 2009. The effectiveness of RV vaccination was investigated after an unexpectedly high number of RV infections in fully vaccinated children occurred. METHODS:: Intensified RV surveillance was performed in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania between 2010 ...
Kim Min Jeong - - 2013
The hallmarks of Perrault syndrome are progressive sensorineural hearing loss and ovarian dysgenesis, but the disorder is both clinically and genetically heterogenous. We report a 15-year-old girl with gonadal dysgenesis, unilateral sensorineural deafness, cataracts in both eyes, and Marfanoid body proportions diagnosed Perrault syndrome. We detected 14 single nucleotide variations ...
Choi C H - - 2013
The use of vibration is proposed as a means of controlling the settlement of marine fouling organisms. In this study, panels with embedded lead zirconate titanate, known as PZT, were placed in the field over 3 months. The panels were vibrated at different velocity levels at frequencies between 70 and 445 Hz. ...
Thorgeirsson Tryggvi - - 2013
The field of behavioral economics combines psychology and economics to investigate how individuals actually behave as opposed to how they would behave if they were being perfectly rational (as in the sense of maximizing their utility). Although initial applications focused on consumer behavior, such as explaining why people failed to ...
Tulchinsky Mark - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The dilated cystic duct sign (DCDS) on hepatobiliary scintigraphy can lead to a false-negative test in patients with acute cholecystitis. Presented is a case of acute gangrenous cholecystitis with probable DCDS on the planar study that was unequivocally delineated on SPECT/CT imaging. SPECT/CT may be useful when planar findings ...
Sachar Madhav - - 2013
Widespread usage of herbs as supplements or medicines raises the potential of herb-drug interactions (HDIs). Basically, HDIs occur by pharmacokinetic and/or pharmacodynamic pathways. Nuclear receptors (NRs) are a class of transcription factors whose role in drug interactions has been defined. A large number of herbs activate NRs, resulting in HDIs. ...
Gray Laura L - - 2013
Background -  Ciclosporin (CSA) is approved for the treatment of canine atopic dermatitis. Ciclosporin is metabolized by liver cytochrome P450 enzymes, a process inhibited by ketoconazole (KTZ). Hypothesis/Objectives -  The aims of this study were to determine skin and blood CSA concentrations when CSA was administered alone at 5.0 (Treatment 1) or 2.5 mg/kg ...
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