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Hagan Donald L - - 2013
We conducted a greenhouse study to assess the effects of cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) rhizochemicals on a suite of plants native to southeastern US pine savanna ecosystems. Our results indicated a possible allelopathic effect, although it varied by species. A ruderal grass (Andropogon arctatus) and ericaceous shrub (Lyonia ferruginea) were unaffected ...
Fernández-Rodríguez Santiago - - 2013
This study aims to determine the potential origin of Olea pollen recorded in Badajoz in the Southwest of the Iberian Peninsula during 2009-2011. This was achieved using a combination of daily average and diurnal (hourly) airborne Olea pollen counts recorded at Badajoz (south-western Spain) and Évora (south-eastern Portugal), an inventory ...
Hocqueloux Laurent - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To characterize viro-immunological outcomes following long-term combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) initiated during primary HIV infection (PHI) or chronic HIV infection (CHI) and to identify factors predictive of optimal viro-immunological responder (OVIR) status. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-centre cohort study of HIV-1-infected patients on effective cART. Total cell-associated HIV ...
Weng Wei - - 2013
A one-step, eco-friendly ultrasound-assisted process is established for the rapid synthesis of sulfur-carbon composite cathode materials, avoiding the widely used, energy inefficient "melt-down" process for Li-S batteries. It is demonstrated that, without inserting sulfur into pores of carbon, the coulombic efficiency of SC/Li cell in the new DOL/D2 electrolyte is ...
Martínez-Villalba Anna - - 2013
Veterinary medicines are widely administered to farm animals since they keep animals healthy at overcrowded conditions. Nevertheless the continuous administration of medicines to farm animals can frequently lead to the presence of residues of veterinary drugs in consumption products. Amprolium is a quaternary ammonium compound used in the treatment of ...
Kramme C - - 2013
During the last decade new knowledge on immune-mediated disorders of the grey substance of the central nervous system (CNS) has been generated. These conditions are associated with seizures in approximately 80% of cases and often present as drug-resistant epilepsies. The discovery of autoantibodies against neural surface antigens was essential for ...
Rouaux Caroline C Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, - - 2013
Once programmed to acquire a specific identity and function, cells rarely change in vivo. Neurons of the mammalian central nervous system (CNS) in particular are a classic example of a stable, terminally differentiated cell type. With the exception of the adult neurogenic niches, where a limited set of neuronal subtypes ...
Wakefield Jerome C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the DSM's distinction between uncomplicated (normal) vs. complicated (disordered) bereavement-related depressive episodes can be validly extended to non-bereavement stressor-related depression (SRD). Previous findings supporting the uncomplicated/complicated SRD distinction's discriminant validity were criticized as tautological because of definitional biases (e.g., 'uncomplicated' requires brief duration, yet duration was ...
Chen Weiqiang - - 2013
An accurate measurement of the immune status in patients with immune system disorders is critical in evaluating the stage of diseases and tailoring drug treatments. The functional cellular immunity test is a promising method to establish the diagnosis of immune dysfunctions. The conventional functional cellular immunity test involves measurements of ...
Dai Yun - - 2013
The first member of the single-isomer, dicationic cyclodextrin (CD) family, 6(A) -ammonium-6(C) -butylimidazolium-β-cyclodextrin chlorides (AMBIMCD), has been synthesized, analytically characterized and used to separate a variety of acidic enantiomers and amino acids by capillary electrophoresis. Starting from mono-6(A) -azido-β-cyclodextrin, the cationic imidazolium and ammonium moieties were subsequently introduced onto primary ...
Gupta Nidhi - - 2013
Rapidly changing dietary practices accompanied by an increasingly sedentary lifestyle predispose to nutrition-related non-communicable diseases, including childhood obesity. Over the last 5 y, reports from several developing countries indicate prevalence rates of obesity (inclusive of overweight) >15 % in children and adolescents aged 5-19 y; Mexico 41.8 %, Brazil 22.1 %, India 22.0 % and Argentina ...
Tranchida Peter Q - - 2013
The present investigation is focused on the development of a comprehensive two-dimensional GC (GC × GC) method, with dual MS/FID detection, for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the entire unsaponifiable fraction of vegetable oils. The unsaponifiable fraction forms a minor, highly specific part of a vegetable oil, and can be used ...
Vlachostergios Panagiotis J - - 2013
The efficacy of treatment for glioblastoma multiforme is currently limited by the development of resistance, particularly, but not exclusively, due to the expression of the DNA repair enzyme O6-methylguanine methyltransferase (MGMT) in a significant proportion of astrocytic tumors. MGMT is post-translationally regulated by the 26S proteasome, a multi-subunit organelle responsible ...
Khorshid Mohsen - - 2013
We introduce a biophysical model of miRNA-target interaction and infer its parameters from Argonaute 2 cross-linking and immunoprecipitation data. We show that a substantial fraction of human miRNA target sites are noncanonical and that predicted target-site affinity correlates well with the extent of target destabilization. Our model provides a rigorous ...
Cairns Andrew B - - 2013
The counterintuitive phenomenon of negative linear compressibility (NLC) is a highly desirable but rare property exploitable in the development of artificial muscles, actuators and next-generation pressure sensors. In all cases, material performance is directly related to the magnitude of intrinsic NLC response. Here we show the molecular framework material zinc(II) ...
Na Dokyun - - 2013
Small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) regulate gene expression in bacteria. We designed synthetic sRNAs to identify and modulate the expression of target genes for metabolic engineering in Escherichia coli. Using synthetic sRNAs for the combinatorial knockdown of four candidate genes in 14 different strains, we isolated an engineered E. coli strain ...
Mactier Helen - - 2013
PURPOSE: To describe the appearance and maturation of dark-adapted oscillatory potentials (OPs) in electroretinograms (ERGs) recorded from preterm infants, and to determine any effect of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Dark-adapted ERGs were recorded in conjunction with screening for ROP and at outpatient follow-up, using a flash luminance of 11.3 ...
Chae Minjung M Department of Food Science, Rutgers Center for Lipid Research, and New Jersey Institute for Food, Nutrition, and Health, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, - - 2013
Yeast App1p is a phosphatidate phosphatase (PAP) that associates with endocytic proteins at cortical actin patches. App1p, which catalyzes the conversion of phosphatidate (PA) to diacylglycerol, is unique among Mg(2+)-dependent PAP enzymes in that its reaction is not involved with de novo lipid synthesis. Instead, App1p PAP is thought to ...
Wang Le - - 2013
We report a case of mucocutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Exophiala spinifera. Crusty plaques and nodules were major clinical features. Histological examination revealed brown yeast-like cells and hyphae. Mycological and molecular data identified E. spinifera as etiologic agent. Oral itraconazole was effective, which was in accordance with the results of in ...
Seino Satoshi - - 2013
AIM: To identify whether individual physical performance measures or a combination of measures is a better indicator of multiple geriatric syndromes (MGS) defined as the concomitant presence of more than one geriatric syndrome in an individual. METHODS: We carried out cross-sectional analyses on data from 340 community-dwelling women aged 75 ...
Taheri Arash - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Capturing a well-focused image using an autofocus camera can be difficult in oral cavity and on a hairy scalp. Light-field digital cameras capture data regarding the color, intensity, and direction of rays of light. Having information regarding direction of rays of light, computer software can be used to focus ...
Zang Jianfeng - - 2013
Crumpled graphene films are widely used, for instance in electronics, energy storage, composites and biomedicine. Although it is known that the degree of crumpling affects graphene's properties and the performance of graphene-based devices and materials, the controlled folding and unfolding of crumpled graphene films has not been demonstrated. Here we ...
Oglesby Willie H - - 2013
Accreditation criteria by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH) state that prior to graduation, Masters of Public Health (MPH) students must demonstrate the application of knowledge and skills through a practice experience, commonly called the "Practicum." The purpose of this research was to review those MPH Practicum requirements. ...
van Harssel J J T - - 2013
Epilepsy and mental retardation limited to females (EFMR), caused by PCDH19 mutations, has a variable clinical expression that needs further exploration. Onset of epilepsy may be provoked by fever and can resemble Dravet syndrome. Furthermore, transmitting males have no seizures, but are reported to have rigid personalities suggesting possible autism ...
Vallot Céline - - 2013
X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) in mammals relies on XIST, a long noncoding transcript that coats and silences the X chromosome in cis. Here we report the discovery of a long noncoding RNA, XACT, that is expressed from and coats the active X chromosome specifically in human pluripotent cells. In the absence ...
Murugesan A G - - 2013
The effect of integrated textile mill effluent on the haematological characteristic of the fish Heteropneustes fossilis was studied. LC(50) values were found to be 34 %-38 % on 96-24 h duration. Four sub-lethal concentrations were selected for this study. Exposure to effluent caused an increase in large lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils and ...
Hoyt Brian S BS Medical School, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, - - 2013
Cutaneous metastases occur in about 10% of patients with cancer, occasionally presenting as the initial sign of internal malignancy. Most often cutaneous metastases are an indicator of advanced cancer and are associated with a poor prognosis. The scrotum is a rare site of cutaneous metastasis, and metastatic tumor to the ...
Collison Adam A Experimental and Translational Respiratory Group, University of Newcastle and Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, New South Wales, - - 2013
Allergic airway inflammation is associated with activation of innate immune pathways by allergens. Acute exacerbations of asthma are commonly associated with rhinovirus infection. Here we show that, after exposure to house dust mite (HDM) or rhinovirus infection, the E3 ubiquitin ligase midline 1 (MID1) is upregulated in mouse bronchial epithelium. ...
Zhang Yongbin Y Nanotechnology Core Facility, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, AR 72079, USA. - - 2013
Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) are widely used in FDA regulated products. The physical-chemical properties of Ag-NPs are characterized using various instruments. The dose-dependent activity and body weight alterations are evaluated after rats were exposed to Ag nanoparticles, suggesting a major human health risk, given the wide application of silver nanomaterials.
Mohammed Maged - - 2013
PURPOSE: To study coagulation of live liver donors with standard coagulation tests (SCT) and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) and investigate their relationship. METHODS: A descriptive prospective study involving 50 right hepatotomy donors with epidural catheters. ROTEM (EXTEM, INTEM, and FIBTEM represent extrinsic and intrinsic pathways of coagulation and fibrinogen activity, respectively) ...
Sorensen Glorian G Center for Community-Based Research, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
To assess the association between intention to quit smoking and perceptions of household environmental risks among racially/ethnically diverse residents of low-income housing. Baseline data were collected from 2007 to 2009 for the Health in Common Study, which assessed social and physical determinants of cancer risk-related behaviors among residents of 20 ...
Agbohessi P T - - 2013
Acute toxicities of Tihan 175 O-TEQ, as well as its active ingredients flubendiamide and spirotetramat, and of Thionex 350 EC (active compound endosulfan) were measured for embryo-larval and juvenile stages of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus to assess risks of pesticide use in the cotton basin in Benin (West Africa). ...
Gao Qian - - 2013
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Changes in skin textures have been used to evaluate skin aging in many studies. In our previous study, we built some skin texture parameters, which can be used to evaluate skin aging of human dorsal hand. However, it will take too much time and need to work arduously to ...
Bortsov A V AV Department of Anesthesiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, - - 2013
Musculoskeletal pain is common after motor vehicle collision (MVC). The study objective was to evaluate distribution of pain and predictors of widespread musculoskeletal pain in the early aftermath (within 48 h) of collision. European American adults aged 18-65 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) after collision who were discharged to ...
Kortüm K - - 2013
Background: The importance and complexity of clinical trials is continuously increasing, especially in innovative specialties like ophthalmology. Therefore an efficient clinical trial site organisational structure is essential. In modern internet times, this can be accomplished by web-based applications.Methods: In total, 3 software applications (Vibe on Prem, Sharepoint and open source ...
Liu Zhanjun - - 2013
Increasing evidence has shown that antibiotics function as intermicrobial signaling molecules instead of killing weapons. However, mechanisms and key factors that are involved in such functions remain poorly understood. Earlier findings have associated antibiotic signaling with quorum sensing (QS); however, results varied among experiments, antibiotics, and bacterial strains. In this ...
Arısoy Ozden - - 2013
There is a high co-morbidity between chronic inflammatory disorders and depression. Proinflammatory cytokines like TNF-α seem to play a central role in the pathogenesis of these disorders, and its neutralization provides a potent treatment for inflammatory disorders. Few studies showed that TNF-α blockers also caused an improvement in depressive symptoms ...
Montalbán Raúl - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To analyze and compare the relationship between anterior and posterior corneal shape evaluated by a tomographic system combining the Scheimpflug photography and Placido-disc in keratoconus and normal healthy eyes, as well as to evaluate its potential diagnostic value. METHODS: Comparative case series including a sample of 161 eyes of ...
Dzwigałowska A - - 2013
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: One of the constantly developing fields in the area of cosmetology is the analysis of the efficacy of cosmetics products. Various instrumental techniques are available nowadays to evaluate changes in skin surface and measure anti-wrinkle activity. The aim of our study was to present and confront two methods of ...
Pillai Pramod P - - 2013
Regular arrays of nanorods having asymmetric cross-sections are fabricated by a combination of electrodeposition and glancing-angle deposition (GLAD). When these nanorods are embedded in a polymer matrix, they give rise to composite materials in which the structural anisotropy at the nanoscale translates into functional anisotropy in the form of direction-dependent ...
Schalek Petr - - 2013
Mucosal maxillary cysts (MMCs) are usually asymptomatic and are often diagnosed as an incidental finding. The aim of this study is to assess clinical significance of MMCs and the long-term effect of surgical treatment on the symptoms initially addressed to MMCs. The study included a retrospective analysis of 64 patients ...
Yu A - - 2013
Prostaglandin and prostamide analogues belong to a new substance group which came into the market in the 1990s. They have revolutionised antiglaucomatous therapy by their once-daily dosing regimen and fewer side effects. Today, prostaglandin and prostamide analogues are approved as first-line therapy for patients with primary open-angle glaucoma and ocular ...
Lagrow Alec P - - 2013
Branched metal nanostructures are of great technological importance because of their unique size- and shape-dependent properties. A kinetically controlled synthesis that uses polymorphism to produce branched nickel nanoparticles is presented. These nanoparticles consist of a face-centred cubic (fcc) core and extended arms of alternating fcc and hexagonal close-packed (hcp) nickel ...
Chaubey Nidhi - - 2013
We report the cloning, purification and cell proliferative activity of a novel recombinant GST tagged human granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GST-hGMCSF). The hGMCSF gene was PCR amplified from the cDNA of ACHN renal carcinoma cells and was cloned into the bacterial expression vector. The GST-hGMCSF was purified to homogeneity ...
Bernink Jochem H - - 2013
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are effectors of innate immunity and regulators of tissue modeling. Recently identified ILC populations have a cytokine expression pattern that resembles that of the helper T cell subsets T(H)2, T(H)17 and T(H)22. Here we describe a distinct ILC subset similar to T(H)1 cells, which we call ...
Kulhanek J - - 2013
PURPOSE: Postpartum rectus diastasis eventually combined with umbilical hernia is a condition that is frequently treated by plastic surgeons and general surgeons. Standard treatment of this condition is abdominoplasty with a periumbilical incision, which often results in an umbilical incision or an inverted-T scar. Limited incision abdominoplasty differs from traditional ...
Deng Gary G Integrative Medicine Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1429 First Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA. - - 2013
Many cancer patients experience persistent fatigue after the completion of chemotherapy. A previous single-arm study provided evidence for an effect of acupuncture in this population. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether acupuncture reduces post-chemotherapy chronic fatigue more effectively than sham acupuncture. Cancer patients reporting significant fatigue persisting ...
Salah Samer - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Repeated resection of colorectal cancer pulmonary metastasis is associated with long-term survival. Nevertheless, very limited data addressing the best candidates for repeated pulmonary resection is available. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed database for retrospective studies evaluating lung metastasectomy for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). We included studies with ...
Araújo Tiago G - - 2013
A simple, easy, and safe procedure aiming to improve liver regeneration could be of great clinical benefit in critical situations such as major hepatectomy, trauma, or hemorrhage. Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) has come into a wide range of use in clinical practice by inducing regeneration in healthy and injured tissues. ...
Apostolakis Efstratios - - 2013
In patients with chronic atrial fibrillation, 90% of clots are located in the left atrial appendage (LAA). Therefore, LAA exclusion is a means of preventing thrombus formation and subsequent thromboembolic events in these patients. The LAA can be excluded from the systemic circulation via surgical, percutaneous, or thoracoscopic approaches. The ...
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