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Lauenstein Marc - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We assessed if adjunct administration of piperacillin/tazobactam added clinical and microbiological treatment benefits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six subjects (mean age 52.1 years (SD ± 10.3)) (NS by group) with chronic periodontitis were randomly enrolled receiving subgingival debridement and the local administration of piperacillin/tazobactam (test group) or debridement alone (control group). Bleeding on ...
Kassim Rima - - 2013
Evaluating the reactivity of the metal-thiolate clusters in metallothionein (MT) is a key step in understanding the biological functions of this protein. The effects of the metal clustering and protein environment on the thiolate reactivity with hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) were investigated by performing quantum theory calculations with chemical accuracy at ...
Malhotra Savita - - 2013
Childhood disintegrative disorder is a rare disorder, characterized by regression of acquired skills after a period of normal development. The case of childhood disintegrative disorder presented here was found to have vitamin B12 deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemia on extensive evaluation to find a probable cause for regression. This case illustrates the ...
Tsukahara Kazue - - 2013
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We studied annual, seasonal and gender-dependent changes in the intensity of facial wrinkles. METHODS: The study included 32 Japanese subjects (16 men, 16 women, aged 35-47). Wrinkles on the forehead, corner of the eye, lower eyelid and nasolabial groove of each subject were captured in photos and in replicas ...
Tufan Abdurrahman - - 2013
Enthesopathy is pathology of bony insertions of tendons, ligaments or joint capsules. It is a frequent finding in rheumatic diseases, like ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and Behçet's disease. Musculoskeletal complaints are common in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), and these could be a clinical manifestation of enthesopathy. Hence, we investigated ...
Neil Bateman - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Speech and language delay is a common developmental disorder. Persistent delay may lead to adverse effects on literacy, educational achievement and psychosocial development. Affected children are commonly referred to the Otolaryngologist, hence a structured management approach is required to facilitate diagnosis and allow for early intervention and improved outcomes. ...
Shen Bing - - 2013
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is a common and ubiquitous mechanism regulating Ca(2+) influx into cells and participates in numerous biological processes including cell proliferation. Glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) play a role in the regulation of the glomerular filtration rate. From a clinical point of view, many physiological functions alter with ...
Kierdorf Katrin K Department of Neuropathology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2013
Microglia are crucial for immune responses in the brain. Although their origin from the yolk sac has been recognized for some time, their precise precursors and the transcription program that is used are not known. We found that mouse microglia were derived from primitive c-kit(+) erythromyeloid precursors that were detected ...
Guo Tingting - - 2013
Three putative promoter regions were identified preceding the nisZ gene in Lactococcus lactis HSM-22. To investigate their function in the control of nisZ biosynthesis, green fluorescence protein (GFP) was adopted as probe to determine activities of the three promoters. The results showed that PnisZ-0 containing two sets of the -35 ...
Borges Vanessa - - 2013
Cohesion between sister chromatids, mediated by the chromosomal cohesin complex, is a prerequisite for their alignment on the spindle apparatus and segregation in mitosis. Budding yeast cohesin first associates with chromosomes in G1. Then, during DNA replication in S-phase, the replication fork-associated acetyltransferase Eco1 acetylates the cohesin subunit Smc3 to ...
Schrader Kevin K - - 2013
The Gram-negative bacterium Flavobacterium columunare is the cause of colmunaris disease in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). In a previous study, the betaine-type alkaloid ungeremine, 1 obtained from Pancratium maritimum L. was found to have strong antibacterial activity against F. columnare. In this study, analogues of 1 were evaluated using a ...
Sekiya Takashi - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells) develop from progenitor thymocytes after the engagement of T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) with high-affinity ligands, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Here we show that the Nr4a nuclear receptors, which are encoded by immediate-early genes upregulated by TCR stimulation in thymocytes, have ...
Popova Antonia P - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease affecting premature infants with long term effect on lung function into adulthood. Multiple factors are involved in the development of BPD. This review will summarize the different mechanisms leading to this disease and highlight recent bench and clinical research targeted at understanding ...
Kim Jong-Yeob - - 2013
Gold nanospheres modified with bifunctional molecules have been separated and characterized by using agarose gel electrophoresis as well as optical spectroscopy and electron microscopy. The electrophoretic mobility of a gold nanosphere capped with 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) has been found to depend on the number of MUA molecules per gold nanosphere ...
Honka H - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The role of the intestine in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases is gaining much attention. We therefore sought to validate, using an animal model, the use of positron emission tomography (PET) in the estimation of intestinal glucose uptake (GU), and thereafter to test whether intestinal insulin-stimulated GU is altered ...
Gschwendtner A - - 2013
Stroke is one of the most widespread causes of mortality und disability worldwide. Around 80 % of strokes are ischemic and different forms of intracranial bleeding account for the remaining cases. Monogenic stroke disorders are rare but the diagnosis may lead to specific therapeutic consequences for the affected patients who are ...
Nahnsen Sven - - 2013
The analysis of peptides and proteins in complex biological systems has greatly improved over the last decade. State-of-the-art mass spectrometric instruments combined with adequate software tools allow for more and more comprehensive proteome analyses. Most proteome-wide studies focus on the analysis of unmodified proteins or look at selected modifications only. ...
Rabelo Sarita C - - 2013
Sugarcane bagasse was subjected to lime (calcium hydroxide) pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis for second-generation ethanol production. A central composite factorial design was performed to determine the best combination of pretreatment time, temperature, and lime loading, as well as to evaluate the influence of enzymatic loadings on hydrolysis conversion. The influence ...
Zurhold Heike - - 2013
Despite the increasing research in gambling, the prevalence of problem gambling in the criminal justice population is rarely investigated, especially in Europe. Given the lack in knowledge the Hamburg study aimed at identifying the prevalence of problem gambling in the whole regional prison population. For this purpose two major approaches ...
Wong Russell - - 2013
Topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus are indicated for the treatment of atopic dermatitis, but they have been studied in many off-label uses. We reviewed the English language literature to define their roles in treatment of vitiligo. Double-blind studies show that tacrolimus 0.1% ointment combined with excimer laser is superior to placebo, ...
Yang Ying - - 2013
Temperature and light intensity effects on biomass and lipid production were investigated in Ettlia oleoabundans to better understand some fundamental properties of this potentially useful but poorly studied microalgal species. E. oleoabundans entered dormant state at 5 °C, showed growth at 10 °C, and when exposed to light at 70 μmol photons per ...
Tsai Yuh-Shyan - - 2013
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are widely used as carriers or therapeutic agents due to their great biocompatibility and unique physical properties. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1), a member of the cysteine-knot structural superfamily, plays a pivotal role in many diseases and is known as an immunosuppressive agent that attenuates immune response ...
Drexler C - - 2013
A periodically driven system with spatial asymmetry can exhibit a directed motion facilitated by thermal or quantum fluctuations. This so-called ratchet effect has fascinating ramifications in engineering and natural sciences. Graphene is nominally a symmetric system. Driven by a periodic electric field, no directed electric current should flow. However, if ...
McGraw Gregory J - - 2013
Multicolor electrophosphorescent organic light-emitting diode (OLED) pixel patterning by organic vapor jet printing (OVJP) is demonstrated, showing that this technique is capable of rapidly generating high-definition full-color displays. The resolution limits, and means to achieve them are described using a combination of simulation and experimental approaches.
Mantovani Lucia - - 2013
A case of rapidly relapsing pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) of the left preauricular area with no undermined borders is described. This might be considered a case of malignant pyoderma (PM), a rare variety of PG. Five months after complete healing obtained with systemic corticosteroids, the preauricular lesion of PG relapsed. As ...
Verma Harsha - - 2013
Porcine kobuvirus has been associated with piglet diarrhea in Asia and Europe, but there are no reports of its presence in the U.S. swine farms. We screened intestinal contents from 114 diarrheic pigs and fecal samples from 46 apparently healthy pigs to determine the presence of kobuvirus by reverse transcription-polymerase ...
de Klerk T A - - 2013
To determine whether primary trabeculectomies performed in a UK district general hospital, specifically without making use of mitomycin-C augmentation but with selective use of the low potency anti-metabolite 5-fluorouracil, produce an acceptable long-term intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect for an unselected patient group. Retrospective analysis of the outcomes of all the ...
Nam Kwang-Mo - - 2013
Here we report development of the galvanostatic Fourier transform electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (FTEIS), which monitors impedance of electrochemical reactions activated by current steps. We first derive relevant relations for potential change upon application of a step current, obtain impedances theoretically from the relations by simulation, and verify them with experimental ...
Pifl Christian - - 2013
We recently found severe noradrenaline deficits throughout the thalamus of patients with Parkinson's disease (Pifl et al., 2012). Since this noradrenaline loss was especially severe in nuclei of the motor thalamus normally transmitting basal ganglia motor output to the cortex, we hypothesized that this noradrenaline loss aggravates the motor disorder ...
Lin Qing-Yuan - - 2013
The mechanical properties of ultra-thin membranes have attracted considerable attention recently. Nanoindentation based on atomic force microscope is commonly employed to study the mechanical properties. We find that the data processing procedures in previous studies are nice approximations, but they are difficult to illustrate the mechanical properties precisely. Accordingly, we ...
Hommer A - - 2013
A combination of antiglaucoma medications is indicated if monotherapy is not sufficient to achieve the predefined target pressure and/or in case of a progression of glaucomatous damage or conversion from ocular hypertension to glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Most recently many fixed combinations with two active compounds have become available for the ...
Hao Xinhong - - 2013
With the development of Internet, patients could enjoy health-care delivery services through telecare medicine information systems (TMIS) in their home. To control the access to remote medical servers' resources, many authentication schemes using smart cards have been proposed. However, the performance of these schemes is not satisfactory since modular exponential ...
Viale-Bouroncle S - - 2013
Dental stem cells represent a good treatment option in regenerative dentistry. Regeneration of large bone defects can be achieved by a cell-based therapy consisting of osteogenic progenitor cells, such as dental follicle precursor cells (DFCs), in combination with bone substitute material used as a scaffold. A previous trial had shown ...
van Veelen Marie-Lise C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Numerous techniques are used to correct sagittal synostosis. Although cosmetic results and operative complications are well documented, little is known about functional outcome. In our institution, the technique for extended strip craniectomy evolved over time. This study compares cosmetic results, complications, and signs of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) between ...
Honarbakhsh Sara - - 2013
Therapeutic polylactide (PLA) nanofibrous matrices are fabricated by incorporating plant viral nanoparticles (PVNs) infused with fluorescent agents ethidium bromide (EtBr) and rhodamine (Rho), and cancer therapeutic doxorubicin (Dox). The native virus, Red clover necrotic mosaic virus (RCNMV), reversibly opens and closes upon exposure to the appropriate environmental stimuli. Infusing RCNMV ...
Brown Charles H CH Jr Abu Dhabi, United Arab - - 2013
The aim of the paper is to describe the medial portal technique for anatomical single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Placement of an ACL graft within the anatomical femoral and tibial attachment sites is critical to the success and clinical outcome of ACL reconstruction. Non-anatomical ACL graft placement is the ...
Nosi D - - 2013
A combined transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform analysis has been performed on the secretory granules storing active peptides/proteins in serous cutaneous glands of n = 12 anuran species. Previous TEM investigation showed that the granules are provided with remarkable repeating substructures based on discrete subunits, arranged into a consistent framework. ...
Hota Swetansu K SK Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Carbondale, Illinois, - - 2013
The ISWI family of ATP-dependent chromatin remodelers represses transcription by changing nucleosome positions. ISWI regulates nucleosome positioning by requiring a minimal length of extranucleosomal DNA for moving nucleosomes. ISW2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a member of the ISWI family, has a conserved domain called SLIDE (SANT-like ISWI domain) that binds to ...
Mucida Daniel - - 2013
TCRαβ thymocytes differentiate into either CD8αβ(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes or CD4(+) helper T cells. This functional dichotomy is controlled by key transcription factors, including the helper T cell master regulator ThPOK, which suppresses the cytolytic program in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-restricted CD4(+) thymocytes. ThPOK continues to repress genes ...
Ghasemi Ebrahim - - 2013
In this study, changes in the chemical composition, pH, cell wall and degradability of ensiled rice straw were investigated when treated with alkali, acid, oxidant agents (1-11 %, w/w) and a combination of an oxidant with either an alkali (ALHP) or an acid (ACHP). The findings of the study revealed that ...
Kurimoto Etsuko - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pulmonary emphysema is characterized by alveolar destruction and persistent inflammation of the airways. Although IL-17A contributes to many chronic inflammatory diseases, it's role in the inflammatory response of elastase-induced emphysema remains unclear. METHODS: In a model of elastase-induced pulmonary emphysema we examined the response of IL-17A-deficient mice, monitoring ...
Böhme Karola - - 2013
The present study aims to compare two molecular technologies, 16S rRNA sequencing and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF - MS), for bacterial species identification in seafood. With this aim, 70 reference strains from culture collections, including important seafood-borne pathogenic and spoilage bacterial species, and 50 strains ...
Dijksterhuis Jan - - 2013
Growing hyphae of Rhizoctonia solani were stained with the endocytic marker dye FM4-64 and imaged by confocal microscopy. Staining of the plasma membrane was followed by labeling of organelles in the cytoplasm (after ~1 min) and of the Spitzenkörper (Spk; after ~2 min). Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) of the stained Spk ...
Wang Se - - 2013
Intramolecular and intermolecular hydrogen bonding in electronic excited states of calixarene building blocks bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)methane (2HDPM) monomer and hydrogen-bonded 2HDPM-H(2)O complex were studied theoretically using the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). Twenty-four stable conformations (12 pairs of enantiomers) of 2HDPM monomer have been found in the ground state. From the calculation ...
Riansuwan Woramin - - 2013
Total proctocolectomy (TPC) with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the standard treatment in classic familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients [1]. Techniques of IPAA can be divided into two types; staple anastomosis with retained some rectal mucosa and endoanal mucosectomy with hand sewn anastomosis [2]. Endoanal mucosectomy is usually performed ...
Kuzucu Akin - - 2013
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the pulmonary hydatid cyst size and the clinical presentation, surgical approach, and postoperative outcome. We review the problems encountered in treating large pulmonary hydatid cysts and highlight the risks associated with the rupture of the cyst and a ...
Saka Bayaki - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to document the clinical profile, etiologies, and outcomes of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) in hospitals in four sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study on cases of SJS/TEN treated in dermatology departments and/or intensive care units in ...
Naveen Kuttanda A - - 2013
Detection and pathotyping of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is extremely important because the appearance of virulent virus has significant economic consequences. During 1981 to 1985, infections of racing and show pigeons with an avian paramyxovirus serotype-1 (APMV-1) hit worldwide, and a panzootic occurred due to a variant form of classical ...
Khan Liakot A LA Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, 02114, - - 2013
Many unicellular tubes such as capillaries form lumens intracellularly, a process that is not well understood. Here we show that the cortical membrane organizer ERM-1 is required to expand the intracellular apical/lumenal membrane and its actin undercoat during single-cell Caenorhabditis elegans excretory canal morphogenesis. We characterize AQP-8, identified in an ...
Zhao Lei - - 2013
A new planar and centrally chiral bicyclic 1,2,4-triazolium salt has been synthesized from [2.2]paracyclophane and phenylglycinol. The N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) copper(I) complex generated in situ by the reaction of the triazolium salt and Cu2O was an efficient catalyst for the asymmetric β-boration of acyclic enones, producing β-boryl ketones in high ...
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