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Liu Bin - - 2013
This paper presents the results of wet precipitation chemistry from September 2009 to August 2010 at a high-altitude forest site in the southeastern Tibetan Plateau (TP). The alkaline wet precipitation, with pH ranging from 6.25 to 9.27, was attributed to the neutralization of dust in the atmosphere. Wet deposition levels ...
Krull Cornelius - - 2013
Chemical doping offers promise as a means of tailoring the electrical characteristics of organic molecular compounds. However, unlike for inorganic semiconductors used in electronics applications, controlling the influence of dopants in molecular complexes is complicated by the presence of multiple doping sites, electron acceptor levels, and intramolecular correlation effects. Here ...
Passias Peter G - - 2013
PURPOSE: Spinal stenosis at the C2-3 segment is a rare occurrence, and when it occurs myelopathy infrequently results. Furthermore, only a handful of cases involving congenital abnormalities of the posterior arch of the axis have been described resulting in cervical myelopathy many of which described simultaneous congenital abnormalities at adjacent ...
Hadji P - - 2013
Compliance and persistence are often underestimated in breast cancer (BC) treatment. The aim of our study was to analyze the persistence with tamoxifen (TAM) and aromatase inhibitors (AI) in postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive BC and to identify determinants of non-persistence. We used data of the Disease Analyzer database (IMS HEALTH, ...
Peng Chuantao - - 2013
The influence of a pre-fermentative freezing process on changes of aromatic characteristics and volatile compounds in Meili wines was studied to optimize freezing parameters and reveal the mathematical relationship between aromatic characteristics and volatile compounds. The wines obtained were characterized by sensory evaluation and stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) followed ...
Macrae Phoebe R - - 2013
Changes in morphometry of head and neck muscles have received little attention in research relative to limb muscles. While recent literature suggests that high-frequency ultrasound transducers can provide superior spatial resolution compared to that of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), no studies have compared these imaging methods for investigating the submental ...
Evangeliou Nikolaos - - 2013
Particle-reactive radionuclide (234)Th and its ratios with the conservative (238)U were used to trace the marine processes occurring over short timescales in the bottom nepheloid layer (BNL) of seven stations in the Saronikos Gulf and the Elefsis Bay (Greece) during three seasons (summer 2008, autumn 2008 and winter 2009). Summer ...
Blank Wilson Amy - - 2013
This paper examines the role that substance use and serious mental illness play in criminal justice recidivism by examining the time to return to jail for a cohort of people admitted to jail in 2003 (N = 16,434). These analyses found that people with serious mental illness alone experienced the longest time ...
Nitzkorski James R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated disparities of race and socioeconomic status (SES) with outcomes in patients with rectal cancer. We hypothesize that disparities exist in the treatment and outcomes among patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: Medical records of all patients with rectal cancer treated from 2000 to 2009 at an ...
Liu Xiaoqian - - 2013
In this article, polydopamine (Pdop) functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs@Pdop) were firstly synthesized and employed as the template for the dispersion of Pt nanoparticles (NPs) to form Pt/MWCNTs@Pdop hybrid nanocomposite. The characterizations of the Pt/MWCNTs@Pdop were investigated by SEM, TEM, XRD and voltammetry. Based upon the Pt/MWCNTs@Pdop nanocomposite, a modified ...
Us Murat Faruk - - 2013
Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on solidification of floating organic drop (DLLME-SFO) was for the first time combined with field-amplified sample injection (FASI) in CE to determine four β(2) -agonists (cimbuterol, clenbuterol, mabuterol and mapenterol) in bovine urine. Optimum BGE consisted of 20 mM borate buffer containing 0.1 mM SDS. Using ...
Naveen Kuttanda A - - 2013
Detection and pathotyping of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is extremely important because the appearance of virulent virus has significant economic consequences. During 1981 to 1985, infections of racing and show pigeons with an avian paramyxovirus serotype-1 (APMV-1) hit worldwide, and a panzootic occurred due to a variant form of classical ...
Khan Liakot A - - 2013
Many unicellular tubes such as capillaries form lumens intracellularly, a process that is not well understood. Here we show that the cortical membrane organizer ERM-1 is required to expand the intracellular apical/lumenal membrane and its actin undercoat during single-cell Caenorhabditis elegans excretory canal morphogenesis. We characterize AQP-8, identified in an ...
Zhao Lei - - 2013
A new planar and centrally chiral bicyclic 1,2,4-triazolium salt has been synthesized from [2.2]paracyclophane and phenylglycinol. The N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) copper(I) complex generated in situ by the reaction of the triazolium salt and Cu2O was an efficient catalyst for the asymmetric β-boration of acyclic enones, producing β-boryl ketones in high ...
Popli Subhash - - 2013
Hypernatremia may result from inadequate water intake, excessive water loss or a combination of the two. Osmotic diuresis leads to losses of both solute and water. The relationship between solute and water losses determines the resulting changes in serum osmolality and sodium concentration. Total solute loss is routinely higher than ...
Broderick Adam H - - 2013
We report an approach to preventing bacterial biofilm formation that is based on the surface-mediated release of 5,6-dimethyl-2-aminobenzimidazole (DMABI), a potent and non-bactericidal small-molecule inhibitor of bacterial biofilm growth. Our results demonstrate that DMABI can be encapsulated in thin films of a model biocompatible polymer [poly(lactide-co-glycolide), PLG] and be released ...
Ren Xiao-Ling - - 2013
Potassium transporters and channels play crucial roles in K(+) uptake and translocation in plant cells, which are essential for plant growth and development. AKT1 has been reported as an important K(+) channel in Arabidopsis roots involved in K(+) uptake. It is known that AKT1 is activated by a protein kinase ...
Couey Jonathan J - - 2013
Grid cells in layer II of the medial entorhinal cortex form a principal component of the mammalian neural representation of space. The firing pattern of a single grid cell has been hypothesized to be generated through attractor dynamics in a network with a specific local connectivity including both excitatory and ...
Muris Peter - - 2013
This cross-sectional study examined the Dark Triad personality traits and their correlates in non-clinical youths aged 12-18 years (N = 117). Child- and parent-report data were obtained on Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy as well as on Big Five personality factors and symptoms of aggression and delinquency. Results indicated that especially Machiavellianism and psychopathy ...
George Saby - - 2013
Castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) treatment has been revolutionized over the past few years by the approval of novel therapies including cabazitaxel, sipuleucel-T, abiraterone and enzalutamide. Though androgen deprivation and chemotherapy remain the main therapeutic approaches for this disease, a series of targeted agents is also in development for the ...
Bandarenka Aliaksandr S - - 2013
Acquisition of localized electrochemical impedance spectra as a function of spatial coordinates combined with novel approaches of data analysis brings a key for visualization of two-dimensional distributions of important parameters describing solid / liquid interfaces. They include the capacitance of the electric double layer, the resistance of the interfacial charge ...
Yeates Alexander - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine whether tricuspid regurgitation (TR) ≥ 2+ requires attention during mitral valve surgery. METHODS: From April 1999 to 2009, 161 patients undergoing primary, isolated mitral valve procedures were assessed. Preoperative moderate TR (≥2+) was present in 56 of 161 patients and tricuspid valve repair (TVR: ...
Hamdalla Mai A - - 2013
The structural identification of unknown biochemical compounds in complex biofluids continues to be a major challenge in metabolomics research. Using LC/MS there are currently two major options for solving this problem: searching small biochemical databases, which often do not contain the unknown of interest, or searching large chemical databases which ...
Cabahug Leah Mae - - 2013
This supplement was not sponsored by outside commercial interests. It was funded entirely by the publisher.
Anastasakis Anastasios - - 2013
A 69-year-old male patient presented to our department with a 3-month history of nyctalopia. Reviewing of his general health revealed a history of gastrointestinal tumor treated with a modified WHIPPLE operation. Ocular findings at presentation included mild xerophthalmic features and nonspecific pigmentary retinal changes. A standard full-field electroretinogram (ERG) was ...
Miskin Marc Z - - 2013
Over 200 years after Coulomb's studies, a general connection between the mechanical response of a granular material and the constituents' shape remains unknown. The key difficulty in articulating this relationship is that shape is an inexhaustible parameter, making its systematic exploration infeasible. Here we show that the role of particle ...
Honka H - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The role of the intestine in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases is gaining much attention. We therefore sought to validate, using an animal model, the use of positron emission tomography (PET) in the estimation of intestinal glucose uptake (GU), and thereafter to test whether intestinal insulin-stimulated GU is altered ...
Gschwendtner A - - 2013
Stroke is one of the most widespread causes of mortality und disability worldwide. Around 80 % of strokes are ischemic and different forms of intracranial bleeding account for the remaining cases. Monogenic stroke disorders are rare but the diagnosis may lead to specific therapeutic consequences for the affected patients who are ...
Nahnsen Sven - - 2013
The analysis of peptides and proteins in complex biological systems has greatly improved over the last decade. State-of-the-art mass spectrometric instruments combined with adequate software tools allow for more and more comprehensive proteome analyses. Most proteome-wide studies focus on the analysis of unmodified proteins or look at selected modifications only. ...
Rabelo Sarita C - - 2013
Sugarcane bagasse was subjected to lime (calcium hydroxide) pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis for second-generation ethanol production. A central composite factorial design was performed to determine the best combination of pretreatment time, temperature, and lime loading, as well as to evaluate the influence of enzymatic loadings on hydrolysis conversion. The influence ...
Verma Harsha - - 2013
Porcine kobuvirus has been associated with piglet diarrhea in Asia and Europe, but there are no reports of its presence in the U.S. swine farms. We screened intestinal contents from 114 diarrheic pigs and fecal samples from 46 apparently healthy pigs to determine the presence of kobuvirus by reverse transcription-polymerase ...
de Klerk T A - - 2013
To determine whether primary trabeculectomies performed in a UK district general hospital, specifically without making use of mitomycin-C augmentation but with selective use of the low potency anti-metabolite 5-fluorouracil, produce an acceptable long-term intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect for an unselected patient group. Retrospective analysis of the outcomes of all the ...
Nam Kwang-Mo - - 2013
Here we report development of the galvanostatic Fourier transform electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (FTEIS), which monitors impedance of electrochemical reactions activated by current steps. We first derive relevant relations for potential change upon application of a step current, obtain impedances theoretically from the relations by simulation, and verify them with experimental ...
Pifl Christian - - 2013
We recently found severe noradrenaline deficits throughout the thalamus of patients with Parkinson's disease (Pifl et al., 2012). Since this noradrenaline loss was especially severe in nuclei of the motor thalamus normally transmitting basal ganglia motor output to the cortex, we hypothesized that this noradrenaline loss aggravates the motor disorder ...
Lin Qing-Yuan - - 2013
The mechanical properties of ultra-thin membranes have attracted considerable attention recently. Nanoindentation based on atomic force microscope is commonly employed to study the mechanical properties. We find that the data processing procedures in previous studies are nice approximations, but they are difficult to illustrate the mechanical properties precisely. Accordingly, we ...
Hommer A - - 2013
A combination of antiglaucoma medications is indicated if monotherapy is not sufficient to achieve the predefined target pressure and/or in case of a progression of glaucomatous damage or conversion from ocular hypertension to glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Most recently many fixed combinations with two active compounds have become available for the ...
Hao Xinhong - - 2013
With the development of Internet, patients could enjoy health-care delivery services through telecare medicine information systems (TMIS) in their home. To control the access to remote medical servers' resources, many authentication schemes using smart cards have been proposed. However, the performance of these schemes is not satisfactory since modular exponential ...
Ponce Campos Guillermo E - - 2013
Climate change is predicted to increase both drought frequency and duration, and when coupled with substantial warming, will establish a new hydroclimatological model for many regions. Large-scale, warm droughts have recently occurred in North America, Africa, Europe, Amazonia and Australia, resulting in major effects on terrestrial ecosystems, carbon balance and ...
Chung-Davidson Yu-Wen - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Vertebrate pheromones are known to prime the endocrine system, especially the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. However, no known pheromone molecule has been shown to modulate directly the synthesis or release of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), the main regulator of the HPG axis. We selected sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) as ...
Mojtabai Ramin - - 2013
RATIONALE: Past research on the association of antidepressant medication use with glycemic control abnormalities has produced mixed results. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of antidepressant use with glycemic control abnormalities and screen-positive diabetes in a representative population sample of US adults without a diagnosis of diabetes. METHODS: Using data from ...
Pasotti Fabio - - 2013
Abnormalities in plasma von Willebrand factor (vWF) concentration and function result in von Willebrand disease (vWD). The diagnosis requires a battery of tests such as screening procedures, confirmatory tests, phenotypic characterization and genotyping. The phenotypic testing (multimer pattern analysis) is important in order to subclassify the hereditary and the acquired ...
Jain Sachin Kumar Amruthlal - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have become an important part of the management of patients with congestive heart failure. At the time of ICD implantation, ventricular fibrillation (VF) is induced to assess adequate energy required for defibrillation. There are multiple parameters which influence the defibrillation safety margin (DSM); however, these ...
Schneider Stefan - - 2013
Assessing changes in brain activity under extreme conditions like weightlessness is a desirable, but difficult undertaking. Results from previous studies report specific changes in brain activity connected to an increase or decrease in gravity forces. Nevertheless, so far it remains unclear (1) whether this is connected to a redistribution of ...
Tokunaga Masao - - 2013
Halophilic β-lactamase (BLA) has been successfully used as a novel fusion partner for soluble expression of aggregation-prone foreign proteins in Escherichia coli cytoplasm (Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 86:649-658, 2010b). This halophilic BLA fusion technology was applied here for secretory expression in Brevibacillus. The "Brevibacillus in vivo cloning" method, recently developed by ...
Zhao Lei - - 2013
It has been reported that the imbalance of T helper IL-17-producing cells (Th17 cells)/regulatory T cells (Tregs) was closely associated with advanced tumor growth and poor prognosis in lung cancer, but little is known about whether this imbalance is existed in the peripheral blood of patients with non-small cell lung ...
Kilic Berna - - 2013
Background  Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting skin, nails, and joints. Although there are not many reports in the literature, ocular findings occur in approximately 10% of patients, in mostly those who have psoriatic arthritis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate eye involvement in psoriasis patients. Methods  This ...
Bakos Jan - - 2013
Aim of the present study was to evaluate effects of ligands of oxytocin receptors on gene expression of neurofilament proteins (nestin and microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2)) associated with neuronal differentiation and growth factors (brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF)) related to neuronal growth. Fluorescent staining of F-actin ...
Shrivastava Atul - - 2013
Miglitol, an anti-diabetic drug, has been shown to reduce plasma lipids and inhibit free radical generation. The anti-hyperlipidemic and antioxidant effects of miglitol were studied in triton-induced hyperlipidemic rats and high fat diet-fed obese rats. Plasma cholesterol and triglycerides levels were significantly lowered by miglitol at 100 mg/kg body weight doses. ...
Romero Rebecca M - - 2013
The common nitrogen mustard, mechlorethamine, can form a covalent crosslink between the two bases of a cytosine-cytosine mismatch pair within a DNA duplex. The crosslinked species can be readily separated from DNA monoadducts and unreacted strands using denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (DPAGE). Here, using DNA 19mer duplexes that are mechlorethamine-crosslinked ...
Kahilogullari Gokmen - - 2013
PURPOSE: The arterial vascularization of the pineal gland (PG) remains a debatable subject. This study aims to provide detailed information about the arterial vascularization of the PG. METHODS: Thirty adult human brains were obtained from routine autopsies. Cerebral arteries were separately cannulated and injected with colored latex. The dissections were ...
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