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Shinopoulos Katherine E - - 2013
Secondary electron transfer in photosystem II (PSII), which occurs when water oxidation is inhibited, involves redox-active carotenoids (Car), as well as chlorophylls (Chl), and cytochrome b (559) (Cyt b (559)), and is believed to play a role in photoprotection. Car(D2) may be the initial point of secondary electron transfer because ...
Parham Peter P Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA. - - 2013
Natural killer (NK) cells have roles in immunity and reproduction that are controlled by variable receptors that recognize MHC class I molecules. The variable NK cell receptors found in humans are specific to simian primates, in which they have progressively co-evolved with MHC class I molecules. The emergence of the ...
Schag K K Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. - - 2013
Impulsivity towards food has been recognized as a potential factor leading to increased food intake in obesity. Patients suffering from binge eating disorder (BED) form a specific subgroup of obese people that might be characterized by increased impulsivity. These assumptions, although, have yet to be verified. Therefore, this review evaluates ...
Gordon L K LK Department of Ophthalmology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
Understanding tumor-induced angiogenesis is a challenging problem with important consequences for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. In this study, we define a novel function for epithelial membrane protein-2 (EMP2) in the control of angiogenesis. EMP2 functions as an oncogene in endometrial cancer, and its expression has been linked to ...
Pendergast Julie S JS Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA. - - 2013
The organisation of timing in mammalian circadian clocks optimally coordinates behavior and physiology with daily environmental cycles. Chronic consumption of a high-fat diet alters circadian rhythms, but the acute effects on circadian organisation are unknown. To investigate the proximate effects of a high-fat diet on circadian physiology, we examined the ...
Baker Lorinda K LK Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2013
Dopaminergic projections from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) to the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) mediate the behavioral and motivational effects of many drugs of abuse, including nicotine. Repeated intermittent administration of these drugs, a pattern often associated with initial drug exposure, sensitises the reactivity of dopamine (DA) neurons in this pathway, ...
Croft Michael M Division of Immune Regulation, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. - - 2013
Inhibitors of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) are among the most successful protein-based drugs (biologics) and have proven to be clinically efficacious at reducing inflammation associated with several autoimmune diseases. As a result, attention is focusing on the therapeutic potential of additional members of the TNF superfamily of structurally related cytokines. ...
Na Dokyun - - 2013
Small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) regulate gene expression in bacteria. We designed synthetic sRNAs to identify and modulate the expression of target genes for metabolic engineering in Escherichia coli. Using synthetic sRNAs for the combinatorial knockdown of four candidate genes in 14 different strains, we isolated an engineered E. coli strain ...
Mactier Helen - - 2013
PURPOSE: To describe the appearance and maturation of dark-adapted oscillatory potentials (OPs) in electroretinograms (ERGs) recorded from preterm infants, and to determine any effect of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Dark-adapted ERGs were recorded in conjunction with screening for ROP and at outpatient follow-up, using a flash luminance of 11.3 ...
Wang Le - - 2013
We report a case of mucocutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Exophiala spinifera. Crusty plaques and nodules were major clinical features. Histological examination revealed brown yeast-like cells and hyphae. Mycological and molecular data identified E. spinifera as etiologic agent. Oral itraconazole was effective, which was in accordance with the results of in ...
Seino Satoshi - - 2013
AIM: To identify whether individual physical performance measures or a combination of measures is a better indicator of multiple geriatric syndromes (MGS) defined as the concomitant presence of more than one geriatric syndrome in an individual. METHODS: We carried out cross-sectional analyses on data from 340 community-dwelling women aged 75 ...
Taheri Arash - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Capturing a well-focused image using an autofocus camera can be difficult in oral cavity and on a hairy scalp. Light-field digital cameras capture data regarding the color, intensity, and direction of rays of light. Having information regarding direction of rays of light, computer software can be used to focus ...
Oglesby Willie H - - 2013
Accreditation criteria by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH) state that prior to graduation, Masters of Public Health (MPH) students must demonstrate the application of knowledge and skills through a practice experience, commonly called the "Practicum." The purpose of this research was to review those MPH Practicum requirements. ...
Cavazzoni Emanuel - - 2013
Thank you for the opportunity you gave us to answer the stimulating questions posed by Mr Hotouras and his colleagues, and for the interest shown in our study. The patients described in the article were referred to our emergency proctology unit from their General Practitioner (outpatients) or from the hospital ...
Tang Weiming - - 2013
Unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) is a well-documented risk factor for acquiring HIV, but not well-studied in China. We studied demographic and behavioral correlates for UAI among men who have sex with men (MSM) in a respondent-driven-sampling (RDS) survey in Nanjing, China. Four hundred and thirty MSM (including ten seeds) participated ...
Lim Chi Kim - - 2013
Reactive dyes account for one of the major sources of dye wastes in textile effluent. In this study, decolorization of the monoazo dye, Acid Orange 7 (AO7) by the Enterococcus faecalis strain ZL that isolated from a palm oil mill effluent treatment plant has been investigated. Decolorization efficiency of azo ...
Cortez M Lorena - - 2013
This work describes the synergistic combination of ionic self-assembly and recognition-directed assembly with the aim of creating highly functional bioelectrochemical interfaces compatible with the supramolecular design of a wide variety of biosensing platforms. A recently synthesized glycopolyelectrolyte constituted of polyallylamine bearing redox-active osmium complexes and glycosidic residues (lactose) is used ...
Sigurdsson K - - 2013
K. Sigurdsson Is a liquid-based cytology more sensitive than a conventional Pap smear? Background:  The comparative sensitivity of liquid-based cytology (LBC) test and conventional Papanicolaou (Pap) smears is controversial. Material and methods:  This study analyses the distribution of cytology, histology, colposcopy and large loop excision of the transformation zone among ...
Heithersay Ao Geoffrey S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The understanding and management of transverse intra-alveolar root fractures has evolved to its current high level of sophistication and clinical success from foundations laid down by histological studies as early as the mid-nineteenth century. SIGNIFICANCE: The aim of the review was to highlight those earlier histological reports and studies ...
Almeida Lígia Moreira - - 2013
Pregnancy is a period of increased vulnerability for migrant women, and access to healthcare, use and quality of care provided during this period are important aspects to characterize the support provided to this population. A systematic review of the scientific literature contained in the MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases was carried ...
Beaton C - - 2013
AIM: Lymph node (LN) metastases are present in up to 17% of early colorectal cancers (pT1). Identification of associated histopathological factors would enable counseling of patients regarding this risk. METHOD: Pubmed and Embase were employed utilising the terms 'early colorectal cancer', 'lymph node metastasis', 'submucosal invasion', 'lymphovascular invasion', 'tumour budding' ...
Lahutte-Auboin Marion - - 2013
WHO II low grade glioma evolves inevitably to anaplastic transformation. Magnetic resonance imaging is a good non-invasive way to watch it, by hemodynamic and metabolic modifications, thanks to multinuclear spectroscopy (1)H/(31)P. In this work we study a multi-scale minimal model of hemodynamics and metabolism applied to the study of gliomas. ...
Rana Jyoti - - 2013
Successful infection with chikungunya virus (CHIKV) depends largely on the ability of this virus to manipulate cellular processes in its favour through specific interactions with several host factors. The knowledge of virus-host interactions is of particular value for understanding the interface through which therapeutic strategies could be applied. In the ...
Schmid Brigitte - - 2013
Evidence from animal research has demonstrated the effect of early maternal care on the offspring's endocrine and behavioral stress response in adulthood. The present prospective study investigates, in humans, the long-term impact of maternal responsiveness and stimulation during early mother-child interaction on adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol response to a ...
Kuepper R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Although cannabis use among individuals with psychotic disorder is considerable, little is known about patterns of use and factors contributing to continuation of use. Therefore, we investigated craving in relation to cannabis use in patients with psychotic disorder and healthy controls. METHOD: The study included 58 patients with non-affective ...
Kim Jong-Yeob - - 2013
Gold nanospheres modified with bifunctional molecules have been separated and characterized by using agarose gel electrophoresis as well as optical spectroscopy and electron microscopy. The electrophoretic mobility of a gold nanosphere capped with 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) has been found to depend on the number of MUA molecules per gold nanosphere ...
Qiao Xuqiang - - 2013
The effects of increasing concentrations of lead (Pb) on Pb accumulation and its influence on nutrient elements, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, generation of superoxide anion (O(2) (-·)), hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) content, antioxidant enzymes activities, soluble protein, and photosynthetic pigment, as well as chloroplast ultrastructure in steriled seedlings of Nymphoides peltata (S. ...
Nicolardi Simone - - 2013
Ultrahigh resolution MALDI-FTICR profiles were obtained from human serum samples that were processed using a fully automated RPC18-based magnetic bead method. Proteins were profiled from m/z-value 6630 with a resolving power of 73000 up to m/z-value 12600 with a resolving power of 37000. In this study a detailed evaluation was ...
Ghasemi Rasoul - - 2013
Arduous efforts have been made in the last three decades to elucidate the role of insulin in the brain. A growing number of evidences show that insulin is involved in several physiological function of the brain such as food intake and weight control, reproduction, learning and memory, neuromodulation and neuroprotection. ...
Ferri Stefano - - 2013
The recently discovered fructosyl peptide oxidase from Phaeosphaeria nodorum (PnFPOX) was demonstrated to react with the glycated hexapeptide measurement standard of hemoglobin A1c, fVHLTPE. The highly reactive Coniochaeta FPOX (FPOX-C) showed no detectable activity with the hexapeptide. Two loop regions were identified as having important effects on the enzymatic properties ...
Azimi Gisele - - 2013
Hydrophobic materials that are robust to harsh environments are needed in a broad range of applications. Although durable materials such as metals and ceramics, which are generally hydrophilic, can be rendered hydrophobic by polymeric modifiers, these deteriorate in harsh environments. Here we show that a class of ceramics comprising the ...
Henning Daniel - - 2013
Electronic medical records (EMRs) are becoming standard to improve the communication of information and longevity of patient records. Using an EMR in the emergency department (ED) could potentially slow residents evaluating patients. We evaluated how introducing an EMR affected resident productivity in an academic ED. We retrospectively studied first year ...
Amou Posht-E-Masari Hesam - - 2013
The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for reproductive traits in Shall sheep. Data included 1,316 records on reproductive performances of 395 Shall ewes from 41 sires and 136 dams which were collected from 2001 to 2007 in Shall breeding station in Qazvin province at the Northwest ...
Bonnevie Tora - - 2013
To determine how hippocampal backprojections influence spatially periodic firing in grid cells, we recorded neural activity in the medial entorhinal cortex (MEC) of rats after temporary inactivation of the hippocampus. We report two major changes in entorhinal grid cells. First, hippocampal inactivation gradually and selectively extinguished the grid pattern. Second, ...
Chang In Ae - - 2013
Following spinal cord injury (SCI), glial cells are recognized as major environmental factors hampering axon's regenerative responses. However, recent studies suggested that, in certain circumstances, reactive astrocytes may have a permissive role for axonal regeneration and functional recovery. Here, we report that Cdc2 activation in astrocytes is positively linked to ...
Kiyota Hidemi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A phase I dose-escalation study was performed to investigate the safety and pharmacokinetics of the combination of S-1 and gefitinib in patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma who had failed previous chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients received gefitinib at a fixed daily oral dose of 250 mg, and S-1 was administered on days 1-14 ...
Kolotuev Irina - - 2013
The mechanisms regulating the extension of small unicellular tubes remain poorly defined. Here we identify several steps in Caenorhabditis elegans excretory canal growth, and propose a model for lumen extension. Our results suggest that the basal and apical excretory membranes grow sequentially: the former extends first like an axon growth cone; ...
Chutipongtanate Somchai - - 2013
Our previous report showed that uropathogenic bacteria, e.g., Escherichia coli, are commonly found inside the nidus of calcium oxalate (CaOx) kidney stones and may play pivotal roles in stone genesis. The present study aimed to prove this new hypothesis by direct examining CaOx lithogenic activities of both Gram-negative and Gram-positive ...
Suyanı Elif - - 2013
The interaction between multiple myeloma (MM) cells and the bone marrow stroma constitutes the basis of myeloma pathogenesis and has led the way for the corresponding therapeutic strategies. The aim of this study is to evaluate tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) which is an important element of bone marrow stroma and its ...
Hoffmann Céline - - 2013
Decisions on the fate of cells and their functions are dictated by the spatiotemporal dynamics of molecular signalling networks. However, techniques to examine the dynamics of these intracellular processes remain limited. Here, we show that magnetic nanoparticles conjugated with key regulatory proteins can artificially control, in time and space, the ...
Rassami Watcharawit - - 2013
Head lice infestation, a worldwide head infestation caused Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, is an important public health problem in Thailand. Several chemical pediculicides have lost in efficacy due to increasing resistance of lice against insecticide. Therefore, non-toxic alternative products, such as natural products from plants, e.g. plant extract pediculicides, ...
Griksaitis Michael J - - 2013
AIMS: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk can be managed by implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). Defibrillation shocks can be delivered via ICD generator and/or intracardiac or subcutaneous coil configurations. We present our single-centre use of childhood ICDs.METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-three patients had ICD implantation, with median age and weight of 12.96 ...
Tochio Takumi - - 2013
Background  Glucose transporter member 1 (GLUT-1) is one of the major facilitated glucose transporters and contributes to the promotion of keratinocyte proliferation in psoriasis and carcinogenic lesions. In this study, we postulate that GLUT-1 is involved in ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced epidermal hyperplasia. The purpose of this study is to investigate ...
Riedel-Heller S G - - 2013
This paper reviews the concepts, evidence and implications regarding mental health at the workplace. The theoretical background with the most common theories (e.g. effort-reward imbalance model and job-demand control model) are briefly reviewed and findings from systematic reviews and from a meta-analysis regarding psychosocial factors at the workplace and common ...
Basu Rajit K - - 2013
There is a growing appreciation for the role that acute kidney injury (AKI) plays in the propagation of critical illness. In children, AKI is not only an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality, but is also associated with especially negative outcomes when concurrent with acute lung injury (ALI). Experimental data ...
Groeschl Ryan T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Surgical therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represent the potentially curative approaches and provide patients the greatest survival advantage. We sought to examine the outcomes of patients with HCC treated with surgical resection, transplantation, and local ablation. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was queried for all patients ...
Vardakas K Z - - 2013
To summarize the published evidence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) bone and joint infections. PubMed and Scopus electronic databases were searched. The annual incidence of invasive CA-MRSA infections ranged from 1.6 to 29.7 cases per 100,000, depending on the location of the population studied; bone and joint infections accounted ...
Mitchell Paul J - - 2013
Fracture Liaison Services (FLS) have been demonstrated in many countries to provide an effective means to deliver secondary preventive care for patients presenting with fragility fractures. This review provides an update on journal articles, reports, guidelines and government policies, with relevance to FLS, which have been published during the period ...
Ryan Joseph P - - 2013
Victims of child abuse and neglect are at an increased risk of involvement with the juvenile justice and adult correctional systems. Yet, little is known about the continuation and trajectories of offending beyond initial contact with law enforcement. Neglect likely plays a critical role in continued offending as parental monitoring, ...
Wang Jianqiao - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) was treated with hyper lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete sordida YK-624 under ligninolytic condition. After preculturing P. sordida YK-624 for 4 days, BPA (final concentration, 1 and 0.1 mM) was added to cultures. Both 1- and 0.1-mM BPA were effectively decreased within a 24-h treatment and two metabolites were detected. Two ...
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