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Results 401 - 450 of 3022
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Liu Lifeng - - 2013
In the highly active antiretroviral therapy era, the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorder remains high with the improved survival. The prevalence of resistance differs across geographical areas and HIV subtypes. Currently, little information on the resistance patterns in the central nervous system (CNS) is available in Chinese ...
Chen Caixia - - 2013
In the course of a screening program for bioactive compounds from a marine natural product library, a newly isolated Actinomycetes strain, designated as MS100061, exhibited strong anti-Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) activity. The strain belongs to the genus Streptomyces according to its morphological and 16S rDNA phylogenetic analysis. Bioassay-guided isolation ...
Pappa Kalliopi I - - 2013
Abstract Dysfunction of the circadian clock genes is involved in the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Since gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and T2D share common genetic and phenotypic features, in the present study, we investigated the status of the circadian clock in a cohort of 40 Greek ...
Wawrzyniak Agata - - 2013
PURPOSE: Concentration of carotenoids in the serum is a biomarker of mainly vegetable and fruit consumption. However, the levels of carotenoids in humans may decline with age and can also depend on body fat, alcohol consumption, and cigarette smoking. METHOD: Food intake and characteristics of 159 randomly chosen women aged ...
Vajpai Navratna - - 2013
Members of the fibroblast growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase family (FGFR1-4) play an important role in many signalling cascades. Although tightly regulated, aberrant activity of these enzymes may lead to, or become features of, disease pathologies including cancer. FGFR isoforms have been the subject of drug discovery programmes, with a ...
Somel Mehmet - - 2013
What evolutionary events led to the emergence of human cognition? Although the genetic differences separating modern humans from both non-human primates (for example, chimpanzees) and archaic hominins (Neanderthals and Denisovans) are known, linking human-specific mutations to the cognitive phenotype remains a challenge. One strategy is to focus on human-specific changes ...
Asma El Zerey-Belaskri - - 2013
The aim of this study was to valorise a deciduous tree called Pistacia atlantica. Cell wall polysaccharides (cellulose and hemicelluloses) were isolated and dosed from mature and young pistachio leaves. The samples were collected from six different locations in the Sidi Bel Abbes region (western Algeria). The wall residue yield ...
He Quan-Wei - - 2013
The human adult brain possesses intriguing plasticity, including neurogenesis and angiogenesis, which may be mediated by the activated sonic hedgehog (Shh). By employing a coculture system, brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) cocultured with astrocytes, which were incubated under oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) condition, we tested the hypothesis that Shh secreted by ...
Kandasamy Premalatha - - 2013
Proteome analysis of Enterobacter ludwigii PAS1 provide a powerful set of tool to study the cold shock proteins along with that combination of bioinformatics is useful for interpretation of comparative results from many species. There is a considerable interest in the use of psychrotrophic bacteria for nitrogen fixation, especially at ...
Nicholls Daniel - - 2013
This article presents the mental health aspects of 'touch' associated with a funded research project: Avoiding 'high tech' through 'high touch' in end-stage dementia: Protocol for care at the end-of-life. These mental health aspects highlight the human need for touch that continues up until and inclusive of the final stages ...
Lee Chang-Hyun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Advancements over the past generation have yielded several new treatment options for the management of brain metastases. However, surgical resection (SR) still remains the mainstay of treatment and is performed especially if decompression is required. The goal of this study was to evaluate the role of surgical resection for ...
Rasolofoarivao Henriette - - 2013
Varroa destructor is a major pest in world beekeeping. It was first detected in Madagascar in 2010 on the endemic honeybee Apis mellifera unicolor. To evaluate V. destructor spread dynamics in Madagascar a global survey was conducted in 2011-2012. A total of 695 colonies from 30 districts were inspected for ...
Latham Michael P - - 2013
The biological environment in which a protein performs its function is a crowded milieu containing millions of molecules that can potentially lead to a great many transient, non-specific interactions. NMR spectroscopy is especially well suited to study these weak molecular contacts. Here, non-specific interactions between the Ca(2+)-bound form of calmodulin ...
Niu Yajing - - 2013
A simple, colorimetric 'turn on' sensor for ultrasensitive detection of thrombin has been developed using fibrinogen-modified gold nanoparticles (Fib-Au NPs). The assay was based on the thrombin-fibrinogen interaction which is part of the physiological process of blood clotting. The fibrinogen was immobilized on the surface of 96-well plate offering reactive ...
Song Woo Heon - - 2013
A supersaturating self-emulsifying drug delivery system (S-SEDDS) was prepared and evaluated for enhanced dissolution of celecoxib (CXB), a poorly water-soluble drug. The selected CXB-dissolved SEDDS formulation consisting 10 % Capryol 90 (oil), 45 % Tween 20 (surfactant), and 45 % Tetraglycol (cosurfactant) had the characteristics of small droplet size and great solubility as ...
Dittami Simon M - - 2013
Monitoring of marine microalgae is important to predict and manage harmful algal blooms. Microarray Detection of Toxic ALgae (MIDTAL) is an FP7-funded EU project aiming to establish a multi-species microarray as a tool to aid monitoring agencies. We tested the suitability of different prototype versions of the MIDTAL microarray for ...
Zhao Zheng-Bao - - 2013
Fasciospyrinadine (1), a novel sesquiterpene pyridine alkaloid with a previously unreported skeleton featuring a monocyclicfarnesane moiety attached to a 3-methylenepyridine residue, was isolated from the sponge Fasciospongia sp. from Weizhou Island, Guangxi Autonomous Region. The structure and the relative stereochemistry of 1 were elucidated on the basis of extensive analysis ...
Rychel Jessica - - 2013
This case report highlights an unusually prolonged, asymptomatic, disease-free interval in an aged male Labrador retriever that underwent partial pancreatectomy for a functionally active pancreatic insulinoma with histologically confirmed hepatic metastasis. The patient developed pancreatitis and nonseptic suppurative peritonitis 24 hr after surgical resection of the insulinoma and was managed ...
Abdelrazzaq Khalil - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify the role of longitudinal measurements of fetal aortic isthmus blood flow using Doppler ultrasonography in the prediction of perinatal morbidity and mortality. SETTING: Obstetrics department of a university POPULATION AND DESIGN: This prospective study includes women with fetal growth restriction and abnormal umbilical artery Doppler results, seen ...
Bergman Michael - - 2013
Diagnosis of dysglycemic states is likely delayed as current diagnostic criteria apply absolute threshold values to a process that is continuous. The importance of this relates to forestalling opportunities for earlier diagnosis when prevention and reversibility are more likely to occur by preventing further β cell dysfunction. Although the optimal ...
Ochoa Victoria - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine heavy metal content (As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Cd, Pb, and Zn) in oysters transplanted in Ebro Delta bays (Alfacs and Fangar) where oysters are traditionally cultured for human consumption. Metal body burdens were monitored weekly during the period of maximal agriculture activity ...
Casaluce Francesca - - 2013
The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion gene is a key oncogenic driver in a subset of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Oncogenic fusion genes, including echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4) and ALK, have been detected in approximately 2-7 % of NSCLC patients. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is ...
Suzuki Tadahiro - - 2013
Zymolyase (lyticase) is used for cell wall digestion in yeast experiments and is needed for incubation processes under moderate experimental conditions. This has been thought to cause unfavorable effects, and many researchers are aware that the enzyme method is unsuitable for RNA preparation following several reports of stress responses to ...
Uchida Mitsuo - - 2013
Although the natural history of H1N1 has been found to vary among patients, little is known about the factors that affect these variations. Infected patients with an extended infection history may shed virus longer and spread infection. To further clarify these variations, we evaluated the natural history of H1N1 infection ...
Wuerfel Oliver - - 2013
In the environment, the methylation of metal(loid)s is a widespread phenomenon, which enhances both biomobility as well as mostly the toxicity of the precursory metal(loid)s. Different reaction mechanisms have been proposed for arsenic, but not really proven yet. Here, carbon isotope analysis can foster our understanding of these processes, as ...
Chokkanathan Srinivasan - - 2013
To examine the psychometric properties of the 20-item Centre for Epidemiological Studies - Depression scale (CES-D). Data were collected from 400 community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and above, residing in Chennai, India. The instruments including the CES-D scale were translated into Tamil language. The sample was randomly split for ...
Gui Dingkun - - 2013
Oxidative stress and apoptosis play key role in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury (AKI). We hypothesize that Astragaloside IV(AS-IV) prevents AKI through inhibiting oxidative stress and apoptosis. The rats were divided into sham control, saline-,vehicle-, or AS-IV-treated groups. AS-IV (20 mg/kg) was orally administered once daily to the rats for ...
Wang Yun-Chao - - 2013
A new 2,5-diketopiperazine, (R)-2-(2-(furan-2-yl)-oxoethyl)-octahydropyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazine-1,4-dione, and seven known compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of liquid fermentation broth of Armillaria mellea. The structures of the isolated compounds were established from NMR and HR-MS data. The absolute configuration of the new compound was established by comparing the experimental electronic circular ...
Sirasanagandla Srinivasa Rao - - 2013
Variations in the origin and distribution of Berrettini anastomosis between the digital branches of the ulnar and median nerves exist and are well described in the literature. During regular dissections by medical students, we encountered a rare variation in the left hand of an approximately 50-year-old male cadaver. Berrettini anastomosis ...
Savoca Marco - - 2013
The infrared spectrum of the disilane cation, Si(2)H(6)(+), in its (2)A(1g) ground state is inferred from photodissociation of cold Si(2)H(6)(+)-Ar(n) complexes (n = 1, 2). Vibrational analysis is consistent with a D(3d) symmetric structure of H(3)SiSiH(3)(+) generated by ionization from the bonding σ(SiSi) orbital. Structural, vibrational, and electronic properties of ...
Vandewalle Evelien - - 2013
Purpose:  To determine whether retinal vessel oxygen saturation in patients with glaucoma is associated with structural optic disc and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) changes and visual field (VF) defects. Methods:  Fifty-nine patients with confirmed glaucoma were recruited at University Hospitals Leuven. Retinal oxygen saturation in patients with glaucoma was ...
Ye Zhi - - 2013
Parecoxib, a novel COX-2 inhibitor, functions as a neuroprotective agent and rescues neurons from cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury-induced apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying parecoxib neuroprotection remain to be elucidated. There is growing evidence that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays an important role in neuronal death caused by brain ischemia. ...
Moore Dadin - - 2013
This work estimates the economic losses due to Neospora abortions in the humid pampa region of Argentina. The total dairy and beef cattle population at risk of abortion is 1,771,326 and 9,726,684 head, respectively. In dairy cattle, there was an 8 % risk of experiencing abortion due to a variety of causes, ...
Hitchings Andrew W - - 2013
Context. Ingestion of toxic liquids is common, and the volume ingested is often important for clinical decision-making. However, the accuracy and interpretation of volume estimates in the context of toxicological exposures is poorly characterised in adult practice. Objective. To inform the interpretation of volume estimates when expressed in forms commonly ...
Yamauchi Masahiro - - 2013
We have shown that two multidomain adaptor proteins, p140Cap and vinexin, interact with each other and are likely to be involved in neurotransmitter release. Because the basic molecular mechanism governing neurotransmitter and insulin secretion is conserved, these two proteins may also to play pivotal roles in insulin secretion. We therefore ...
Jeppesen Charlotte - - 2013
Polyunsaturated fatty acids are of particular interest in the nutritional therapy for diabetes, given their potential role in several pathophysiological processes related to cardiovascular disease. Both omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are beneficial for improving lipid profiles in healthy individuals and among type 2 diabetic patients: Supplementation with omega-3 fatty ...
Feng Tian-Xiang - - 2013
Aglinin A (1) is a mixture of C(24)-epimeric 20S,24-epoxy-24,25-dihydroxy-3,4-secodammar-4(28)-en-3-oic acid and present in plants of the family Meliaceae. The two epimers of 1 were resolved through an acetonide reaction, and the absolute configurations of two derivatives were deduced by the analysis of their (13)C NMR differences induced by γ-gauche or ...
Amir Mohd - - 2013
A series of 3-[(4-substituted-benzylidene)-amino]-2-phenyl-3H-quinazolin-4-ones (5a-k) were synthesized by reacting 3-amino-2-phenyl-1H-quinazolin-4-one with p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, and then further with various alkyl/benzyl halides or substituted phenacyl bromides. The structures of the compounds were confirmed on the basis of IR, NMR, MS and elemental analysis. Anticonvulsant activities were evaluated using the MES and scPTZ tests. ...
Craig Douglas B - - 2013
Single molecule assays were performed on streptavidin-β-galactosidase using a capillary electrophoresis-based protocol in order to assess the suitability of single molecule β-galactosidase assays for adaptation to the detection of single copies of target DNA. The conjugate was found to have a heterogeneous catalytic rate, showing an average rate of 44,000 ± 24,000 min(-1), ...
Castro Simon - - 2013
Femoral-facial syndrome (FFS), also known as femoral hypoplasia-unusual facies syndrome, is a rare condition characterized by a variable degree of unilateral or bilateral femoral hypoplasia associated with facial anomalies. This report describes a case of FFS diagnosed after 13 weeks of pregnancy following the detection of severe micrognathia and bilateral ...
Seoane J - - 2013
Laser use for biopsy of suspicious lesions may simulate cytological atypia at the margin of the incisions, challenging pathological diagnosis. Erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser has shown promising results in experimental models by inducing fewer artifacts. The aims of this study were to examine the thermal wounds induced by Er,Cr:YSGG ...
Ju Ji-Hyun - - 2013
In breast cancer, the HER2 receptor tyrosine kinase is associated with extremely poor prognosis and survival. Notch signaling has a key role in cell-fate decision especially in cancer-initiating cells. The Notch intracellular domain produced by Notch cleavage is translocated to the nucleus where it activates transcription of target genes. To ...
Davis Ashley - - 2013
A 2 yr old castrated male cat presented to an emergency referral facility for several episodes of gagging, nonproductive coughing, and increased respiratory effort. He was diagnosed with inspiratory stridor and referred to another emergency referral practice for further diagnostics. Three separate, sedated oral examinations, nasal computed tomography (CT), rhinoscopic ...
Banerjee Swagata - - 2013
The development of functional 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives as DNA targeting, anticancer and cellular imaging agents is a fast growing area and has resulted in several such derivatives entering into clinical trials. This review gives an overview of the many discoveries and the progression of the use of 1,8-naphthalimides as such agents ...
Khangura Sajneet K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is a potentially curative non-surgical option for locally advanced esophageal cancer, with pathological complete response (CR) ranging from 13 to 49 %. The rate of persistent and recurrent disease within the esophagus remains high at 40-60 %, and treatment of these tumors may improve disease-free survival. The aim ...
Altés Albert - - 2013
Abstract About 15-20% of patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) treated with ABVD chemotherapy ± radiotherapy still die following relapse or progressive disease. Outcome might be influenced by gene polymorphisms influencing chemotherapy metabolism. We studied 126 patients with HL treated with ABVD regimen. We analyzed glutathione S-transferases (GSTT1, GSTM1 and GSTP1), ...
Lee Kwan Ju - - 2013
BACKGROUND: When surgeons decide to perform lobectomy as the treatment of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs), they must consider the possibility of contralateral cancer. We wanted to determine the incidence of bilateral PTCs (bPTCs) and analyze their characteristics. We also wanted to determine how many patients with bPTC were missed preoperatively. ...
Brunner Thomas B - - 2013
Although neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy has been tested for more than two decades and can be safely delivered to patients with non-metastatic pancreatic cancer, no randomised trials have been reported until now. Here we provide an overview of the first randomised trial in patients with potentially resectable cancer and of the latest ...
Ouvrard Stéphanie - - 2013
Natural attenuation processes valorization for PAH-contaminated soil remediation has gained increasing interest from site owners. A misunderstanding of this method and a small amount of data available does not encourage its development. However, monitored natural attenuation (MNA) offers a valuable, cheaper and environmentally friendly alternative to more classical options such ...
Kurita Akira - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Biliary complications are one of the most serious morbidities after liver transplantation. Inside-stent is a plastic stent placed above the sphincter of Oddi without endoscopic sphincterotomy against biliary strictures. Our aims were to analyze the long-term efficacy of inside-stent placement in patients with biliary stricture after ...
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