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Morooka Yuki - - 2013
PURPOSE: To develop a living liver donor (LLD) quality of life (QOL) scale and test its reliability and validity. METHODS: We sent a draft questionnaire comprising 38 questions to 965 LLDs from five hospitals. To evaluate test-retest reliability, the questionnaire was re-sent 2 weeks later to some of the donors from ...
Dirican Ebubekir E Department of Medical Biology, Medical Faculty, Mustafa Kemal University, 31034, Hatay, Turkey, - - 2014
Cadmium is a modern environmental contaminant that is toxic and carcinogenic. Glycyrrhiza glabra is a traditional medicinal herb which grows in the various parts of the World. Recent studies demonstrated that G. glabra has antifungal, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and powerful antiinflammatory features. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ...
Xu Shou-Ying - - 2013
Microbial fermentation is a promising technology for hydrogen (H(2)) production. H(2) producers in marine geothermal environments are thermophilic and halotolerant. However, no one has surveyed an environment specifically for thermophilic bacteria that produce H(2) through Fe-Fe hydrogenases (H(2)ase). Using heterotrophic medium, several microflora from a seaweed bed associated with marine hot ...
Ding Wei-Jia - - 2013
A new di-O-prenylated flavone, named 7,3'-di-(γ,γ-dimethylallyloxy)-5-hydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone (1), was isolated from the culture broth of the endophytic actinomycete Streptomyces sp. MA-12 isolated from the root of the semi-mangrove plant Myoporum bontioides A. Gray. The structure of 1 was determined by comprehensive spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR experiments (COSY, HMQC, ...
Hu Huaqing - - 2013
The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) has been widely accepted as a good indicator of arteriosclerosis. However, the lack of a reliable diagnostic criterion for CAVI hampers the proper clinical screening for arteriosclerosis using CAVI and impedes the prompt treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is an urgent need to determine ...
Kalliomäki Jarkko - - 2013
The aim was to investigate the effects of AZD1940, a novel peripherally acting cannabinoid CB(1) / CB(2) receptor agonist, on capsaicin-induced pain and hyperalgesia, as well as on biomarkers of cannabinoid central nervous system (CNS) effects This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 4-sequences, 2-periods cross-over study in 44 male healthy ...
Chen Gang - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the expression of the Nemo-like kinase (NLK) in the brain after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rats. A total of 90 rats were randomly divided into six groups: control group, day 1, day 3, day 5, day 7, and day 14. Day 1, day 3, ...
Kasim Neda R - - 2013
The effect of actinomycin D on HeLa cells was studied by live fluorescence and transmission-through-dye microscopy-a recently developed technique that permits volume measurements in live cells. In particular, it is well suited for the observation and quantification of the apoptotic volume decrease (AVD), which is widely viewed as an essential ...
Enríquez-Navascués J M - - 2013
Restoration of intestinal continuity at a second stage after emergency total proctocolectomy may be difficult or hazardous due to the pelvic cavity being closed off. We present a way of keeping the pelvic cavity open and accessible following total proctocolectomy by insertion of a breast implant that hinders fibrosis and ...
Kono Kiyomi - - 2013
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a cytokine that promotes the regeneration of the periodontium, the specialized tissues supporting the teeth. bFGF, does not, however, induce the synthesis of smooth muscle actin alpha 2 (ACTA2), type I collagen (COL1), or COL3, which are principal molecules in periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue, ...
Kristjánsson Arni - - 2013
Priming of visual search has a dominating effect upon attentional shifts and is thought to play a decisive role in visual stability. Despite this importance, the nature of the memory underlying priming remains controversial. To understand more fully the necessary conditions for priming, we contrasted passive versus active viewing of ...
Lei Xuan - - 2013
Alteration of sugar moieties of natural products often leads to novel antibiotics with different chemical and physical properties. fscMI is a putative glycosyltransferase (GT) in a gene cluster for the production of candicidin, a polyene macrolide antibiotic, produced by Streptomyces sp. FR-008. In this report, we established an in vivo ...
Mannathan Subramaniyan - - 2013
Reaction of oxabicyclic alkenes with alkynes and organoboronic acids in the presence of Ni(cod)(2), P(t-Bu)(3), and CsF in a binary solvent toluene-methanol (1 : 3) at 75 to 85 °C provided exo-5,6-disubstituted 7-oxanorbornene derivatives in good to excellent yields.
Kravchenko Vladimir V - - 2013
Identification of cellular processes modulated by microbial organisms that undermine and disarm mammalian host defenses against bacterial invaders has been the focus of significant biomedical research. In this microreview we will illustrate the role of bacterial N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHL) as a strategy utilized by Gram-negative bacterial pathogens to enable ...
Moradpour Farshad - - 2013
The effects of pre-pubertal castration on hippocampal CA3-CA1 synaptic transmission and plasticity were studied at different ages in vitro. The field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSP); and population spikes (PS); were simultaneously recorded from stratum radiatum and stratum pylamidale of area CA1 following stimulation of Schaffer collaterals in slices taken from ...
Jez Jakub - - 2013
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO), a glycohormone, is one of the leading biopharmaceutical products. The production of rhEPO is currently restricted to mammalian cell expression systems because of its highly complex glycosylation pattern, which is a major determinant for drug-efficacy. Here we evaluated the ability of plants to produce different glycoforms ...
Forlini Cesare - - 2013
Combined post-traumatic aniridia and aphakia demand extensive and complex reconstructive surgery. We present our approach for simultaneous correction of this surgical situation with the use of the ArtificialIris (Dr. Schmidt Intraocularlinsen GmbH, Germany) with a foldable acrylic IOL Lentis L-313 (Oculentis, GmbH, Germany) sutured to its surface. The novelty (our ...
Yang Ya'nan Y College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, - - 2013
Hsp70 is involved in immune responses against infectious pathogens, thermal, and osmotic stress. To understand the immune defense mechanisms of the mud crab Scylla paramamosain, genomic DNA, transcript level and antimicrobial activities of Hsp70 were analyzed. Genomic DNA sequence analysis revealed one intron in this gene. Furthermore, six SNPs were ...
Liang Dong - - 2013
Six new carboxylic acids (1-6), together with 11 known ones (7-17), were isolated from the aerial parts of Lysimachia clethroides. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and chemical evidence. Five new carboxylic acids (1 and 3-6) were evaluated for their in vitro inhibitory activity against aldose ...
Shimomura Atsushi - - 2013
Lymphocyte enhancer factor 1 (LEF1), a member of the LEF/T-cell-specific factor (TCF) family of the high mobility group domain transcription factors, acts downstream in canonical Wnt signaling. Aberrant transactivation of LEF1 contributes to the tumorigenesis of colonic neoplasms, sebaceous skin tumors, and lymphoblastic leukemia. LEF1-associated proteins are crucial for regulating ...
Abood Gerard J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Central pancreatectomy is a definitive treatment for low-grade tumors of the pancreatic neck that preserves pancreatic and splenic function at the potential expense of postoperative pancreatic fistula. We analyzed outcomes after robot-assisted central pancreatectomy (RACP) to reexamine the risk-benefit profile in the era of minimally invasive surgery. METHODS: Retrospective ...
Sittel Imke - - 2013
A combinatorial ionic-liquid-supported "catch-and-release" strategy for oligosaccharide synthesis (combi-ICROS) is reported. A series of β-(1→6) glucan di-, tri- and tetra-saccharides were synthesized in one pot to showcase the versatility of the strategy.
Chen Buyun - - 2013
The chemical composition of the solution has a critical impact on the electrospray desorption efficiency of oligonucleotides. Several physiochemical properties of various organic modifiers were investigated with respect to their role in the desorption process of oligonucleotides. The Henry's Law Constant, which reflects the volatility of alkylamines, was found to ...
Okada Hiroshi - - 2013
Recent studies have demonstrated that a difference in systolic blood pressure (SBP) between arms is associated with both vascular disease and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between a difference in SBP between arms and between lower limbs and the degree of albuminuria, which is ...
Davydow Dimitry S DS Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. - - 2013
Hospitalizations for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSCs), conditions that should not require inpatient treatment if timely and appropriate ambulatory care is provided, may be an important contributor to rising healthcare costs and public health burden. To examine if probable major depression is independently associated with hospitalization for an ACSC in patients ...
Huse Jason T - - 2013
We report 10 cases of a non-neurocytic, purely neuronal tumor affecting adults. Situated in the cerebral hemispheres, with 7 of 10 confined to the temporal lobes, most presented with seizures as their principal clinical manifestations. On MRI, the tumors generally appeared solid and non-contrast enhancing with minimal diffuse infiltration, edema, ...
Li Cheng - - 2013
The trophic factor prosaposin (PS) is strongly expressed in skeletal muscle, and reportedly, a PS-derived peptide attenuates loss of muscle mass after nerve injury in vivo and increases myoblast fusion into myotubes in vitro. However, few studies have focused on the role of PS during muscle regeneration. We examined the ...
Yin Geping - - 2013
Severe Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (SAUB) is a common gynecological disorder. The clinical characteristics include disordered menstrual cycle and massive bleeding that can cause anemia or secondary infection. Current treatment mainly relies on drug therapy or surgical removal of the uterus, each having its significant disadvantages. How to preserve the uterus, ...
Yoshiga Toyoshi - - 2013
Caenorhabditis japonica is a bacteriophagous nematode species that was discovered on the semi-social burrower bug, Parastrachia japonensis, which demonstrates egg-guarding and provisioning behaviors. To understand the life history of C. japonica in relation to P. japonensis, we demonstrated the specificity of this association and fluctuations in nematode number on the ...
Weinstock Marta M Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Drug Research, Hebrew University Medical Center, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem 91120, Israel. - - 2013
The current study determined the effects of chronic treatment of aging rats with ladostigil, a cholinesterase (ChE) and monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, at doses of 1 and 8.5 mg/kg/day, on novel object recognition (NOR) and reference memory in the Morris water maze (MWM). A dose of (1 mg/kg/day) did not inhibit ChE ...
Duin L K - - 2013
PURPOSE.: To evaluate reproducibility of fetal renal pelvis volume as assessed by the Virtual Organ Computer Aided AnaLysis (VOCAL) imaging program and by Automatic Volume Calculation (SonoAVC). In addition, the intra- and interobserver reliability of fetal renal pelvis volume measurements with SonoAVC were established. METHODS.: In this study, the fetal ...
Albin Björn - - 2013
A limited number of studies have been found on stroke mortality in migrants showing higher mortality for some groups. Influence of time of residence has been studied by one research group. An earlier study showed a significantly higher number of deaths in Diseases of the circulatory system in Finnish migrants ...
Schmidt James R - - 2013
Conflict adaptation is one of the most popular ideas in cognitive psychology. It purports to explain a wide range of data, including both brain and behavioral data from the proportion congruent and Gratton paradigms. However, in recent years, many concerns about the viability of this account have been raised. It ...
Liu Fu-Yao - - 2013
Although the role of Krüppel-like factor 17 (KLF17) in regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been explored in breast cancer, its influence on primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the expression status of KLF17 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the correlation between KLF17 expression and metastatic ...
McCann Edward - - 2013
International policy initiatives have highlighted the need to include older lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) issues in the provision of appropriate health and social care. However, empirical studies in the area remain sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences and needs of LGBT people over ...
Ben-Ami Shor Dana - - 2013
The incidence of autoimmune diseases is increasing in Western countries, possibly due to the improved sanitary conditions and reduced exposure to infections in childhood (the hygiene hypothesis). There is an ongoing debate whether infection prevents or precipitates autoimmune diseases. Various helminths species used in several animal models were shown to ...
Zhang Mingyang - - 2013
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a lipid-soluble, endogenously produced gaseous messenger molecule collectively known as gasotransmitter. Over the last several decades, gasotransmitters have emerged as potent cytoprotective mediators in various models of tissue and cellular injury. In this study, we performed a weight-drop traumatic brain injury (TBI) model in adult mice ...
Park Young Mi - - 2013
PURPOSE.: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the imaging features of benign adenomyoepithelioma of the breast with a focus on sonographic (US) appearances. METHODS.: Ten benign adenomyoepitheliomas in 9 patients were included in this study. Mammographic and US findings were analyzed retrospectively by 2 radiologists according to the ...
Sanghavi Bankim J - - 2013
An Amberlite XAD-2 (XAD2) and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TNPs) modified glassy carbon paste electrode (XAD2-TNP-GCPE) was developed for the determination of imipramine (IMI), trimipramine (TRI) and desipramine (DES). The electrochemical behavior of these molecules was investigated employing cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronocoulometry (CC), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and adsorptive stripping differential ...
Codispoti Kari-Elise T - - 2013
Gliosarcoma is a subset of glioblastoma with glial and mesenchymal components. True secondary gliosarcomas (i.e. progressing from lower-grade precursors) in the absence of radiation therapy are very rare. We report the unique case of a 61-year-old male who developed a fibrillary astrocytoma (WHO grade II). In the absence of adjuvant ...
Wang Jian-Rong - - 2013
Opisthobranchs are slow-moving, brightly colored, and shell-less slug. Interestingly, these naked molluscs appear to be free of predation causing great interests to biologists, chemists, and pharmacologists as well. It is well documented that their ability to escape predation is realized by utilizing chemical substances as defensive allomones. Due to their ...
Zou Hui - - 2013
A new flavonoid, 6-(5-acetyl-2-methoxyphenyl)-apigenin (1), together with nine known compounds (2-10), was isolated from Selaginella uncinata (Desv.) Spring. This is the first report of the spectroscopic data of compound 3. Compound 2 was first reported from this species. The structure of the new compound was elucidated on the basis of ...
Tronstad Christian - - 2013
Skin conductance (SC) has previously been reported to correlate strongly with sweat rate (Swr) within subjects, but weakly between subjects. Using a new solution for simultaneous recording of SC, skin susceptance (SS) and skin potential (SP) at the same skin site, the aim of this study was to assess how ...
De Nicola Flavia - - 2013
For the first time until now, the results from a prediction model (Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System (ADMS)-Road) of pollutant dispersion in a street canyon were compared to the results obtained from biomonitors. In particular, the instrumental monitoring of particulate matter (PM10) and the biomonitoring of 14 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) ...
Clark Ehlers G A - - 2013
Bacterial aggregation has important implications for the maintenance of bacteria in engineered environments. The triggers for aggregation, however, are poorly understood. A strain of Acidovorax temperans CB2Hn isolated from activated sludge was found to exhibit transient aggregation and was applied as a model to investigate factors that regulate biological aggregation. ...
Matsui Takuya - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: Mast cells play a central role in allergic and chronic inflammation. Extracts from Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels (Rutaceae) possess many pharmacological effects including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, and anti-trichomonal activities. In addition, the leaves and fruit are used in Chinese folk medicine. We have isolated and identified four ...
Brunner Thomas B - - 2013
Although neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy has been tested for more than two decades and can be safely delivered to patients with non-metastatic pancreatic cancer, no randomised trials have been reported until now. Here we provide an overview of the first randomised trial in patients with potentially resectable cancer and of the latest ...
Ouvrard Stéphanie - - 2013
Natural attenuation processes valorization for PAH-contaminated soil remediation has gained increasing interest from site owners. A misunderstanding of this method and a small amount of data available does not encourage its development. However, monitored natural attenuation (MNA) offers a valuable, cheaper and environmentally friendly alternative to more classical options such ...
Kurita Akira - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Biliary complications are one of the most serious morbidities after liver transplantation. Inside-stent is a plastic stent placed above the sphincter of Oddi without endoscopic sphincterotomy against biliary strictures. Our aims were to analyze the long-term efficacy of inside-stent placement in patients with biliary stricture after ...
Jiang Pei - - 2013
Both vitamin D (VD) signaling and Nur77 are implicated in dopaminergic neurotransmission and dopamine-related neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease. Developmental vitamin D (DVD) deficiency rats exhibit schizophrenia-like behaviors and disturbance of dopamine system, which could be partly normalized by haloperidol treatment. By blocking dopamine D(2) receptor, haloperidol ...
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