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Results 301 - 350 of 3031
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Plevnik Kapun Alja - - 2013
Background: Altered homeostasis of vitamin E has been demonstrated in human atopic dermatitis. Data on plasma and skin vitamin E concentrations in canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) are not available. Objective: To determine vitamin E concentrations in plasma and skin of atopic dogs. Animals and Methods: Vitamin E concentrations in plasma ...
Kryukov Fedor - - 2013
ABSTRACT In multiple myeloma (MM), biologic complexity originates from complex oncogenic processes involving somatic acquisition of myriad mutations coupled with genetic variability within the host. This pathogenically determined molecular heterogeneity predetermines clinical intricacy. In this study, we performed gene expression profiling (GEP) focusing on centrosome-related genes to determine the molecular ...
Bouhenni Rachida - - 2013
To immunolocalize corneal keratan sulfate (KS) and its core protein lumican, aggrecan, type I and type III collagens in sclerocornea specimens and compare their expression and distribution to age-matched healthy corneas and scleras. Sclerocornea specimens (n = 3) and age-matched normal corneoscleral rim specimens (n = 3) were studied by light microscopy and histochemically. ...
Lin Janet Y - - 2013
Introduction Emergency medical care in Pakistan has not been a priority of medical education and training because of the country's need to address its lack of primary care. Resources and trained personnel are scarce. Despite these challenges, the value of emergency medical care is gaining attention. The objective of this ...
Sheehan Jane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In children with cystic fibrosis (CF) sleep, eating/mealtime, physiotherapy adherence and internalising problems are common. Caregivers also often report elevated depression, anxiety and stress symptoms. PURPOSE: To identify, through principal components analysis (PCA), coping strategies used by Australian caregivers of children with CF and to assess the relationship between ...
Alrabiah Haitham - - 2013
Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy is an established rapid whole-organism fingerprinting method that generates metabolic fingerprints from bacteria that reflect the phenotype of the microorganism under investigation. However, whilst FT-IR spectroscopy is fast (typically 10 s to 1 min per sample), the approaches for microbial sample preparation can be time ...
Randler Christoph - - 2013
Mobbing of predators occurs within a conspecific and heterospecific context but has not been quantified within the framework of a communication network and analysed with respect to heterospecific reciprocity. Here, we used playbacks of mobbing calls to show that mobbing is unequally distributed within a community of deciduous forest birds. ...
Costa Danielle Cristina Machado - - 2013
Abstract Lippia alba (Miller) N.E. Brown is an aromatic plant known locally as "Erva-cidreira-do-campo" that has great importance in Brazilian folk medicine. The aim of our study was to evaluate the antidermatophytic potential of linalool-rich essential oil (EO) from L. alba and analyze the ability of this EO to inhibit ...
Alvarez Nicolas Javier - - 2013
We introduce a new field-flow fractionation (FFF) technique, whereby molecules are separated based on their differential interaction (dielectrophoresis (DEP)) with optical electric fields, i.e. electric fields with frequencies in the visible and near-infrared range. The results show that a parallel array of axially non-uniform optical fields yielding an attractive potential ...
Chen Zhong - - 2013
A new polyoxygenated cyclohexene bonianol A (1) and another new polyoxygenated seco-cyclohexene bonianol B (2) were isolated from the leaves of Uvaria boniana, and their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic methods including IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1D, and 2D NMR.
Shen Yue-E - - 2013
Previous reports have revealed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) is involved in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and recent studies indicate that free radical-generating systems can regulate amyloid-β precursor protein (APP) processing. Edaravone is a novel free radical scavenger currently used to reduce cerebral damages after acute cerebral infarction. ...
Yang Yuan - - 2013
Rechargeable Li/S batteries have attracted significant attention lately due to their high specific energy and low cost. They are promising candidates for applications, including portable electronics, electric vehicles and grid-level energy storage. However, poor cycle life and low power capability are major technical obstacles. Various nanostructured sulfur cathodes have been ...
Heijmen L - - 2013
Clinical studies have shown that bevacizumab beyond progression to first line therapy is beneficial for overall survival in advanced stage colorectal cancer. We studied the utility of several functional imaging modalities to assess the efficacy of bevacizumab beyond progression (BBP). All BALB/c mice with s.c. LS174T xenografts were treated with ...
Monteiro Rogeria Pimentel de Araujo - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To develop, implement and validate an instrument for assessing the functional and social performance of young male adults with lower limb amputees based on the international classification of functionality, incapacity, and health. Methods: Developed the instrument, the items were grouped into domains (organic aspects - OA, daily activities ...
Han Yuna - - 2013
Among primary cardiac tumors, hemangiomas are relatively rare, with a reported incidence of 2.8%. To date, less than 100 cases have been reported in literature. We report the case of a 61-year-old woman who complained from chest discomfort since 3 years and in whom transthoracic echocardiography revealed a pedunculated tumor ...
Olenik D - - 2013
Hepatic pulmonary fusion is a rare malformation associated with right congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), often only discovered during surgical repair of the defect. Fourteen previous cases have been reported in the literature. We describe a case of a full term male newborn with prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of right CDH who ...
Rocha Gustavo Machado - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess factors associated with unprotected receptive anal intercourse (URAI) in a sample of MSM recruited by respondent driven sampling in Brazil. Among 3,449 participants, 36.5 % reported URAI. Final logistic model indicated that living with a male partner, illicit drug use, having stable partnership, ...
Argüeso Pablo P Schepens Eye Research Institute and Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, 20 Staniford Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2013
Glycosylation is an important and common form of posttranscriptional modification of proteins in cells. During the last decade, a vast array of biological functions has been ascribed to glycans because of a rapid evolution in glycomic technologies. Glycogenes that are highly expressed at the human ocular surface include families of ...
Jose Biju - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalences of obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) have increased simultaneously. Should a pathophysiological relationship exist between the two conditions, bariatric surgery and associated weight loss could be an important intervention in extremely obese individuals to slow the progression of CKD. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of ...
Carter B H - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the ability of radiant insulation hutch covers to moderate the effect of ambient temperature and radiant energy on calves housed in polyethylene hutches. The insulation had a double layer of polyethylene bubble film laminated between a layer of aluminum foil and white ...
Latham Michael P - - 2013
The biological environment in which a protein performs its function is a crowded milieu containing millions of molecules that can potentially lead to a great many transient, non-specific interactions. NMR spectroscopy is especially well suited to study these weak molecular contacts. Here, non-specific interactions between the Ca(2+)-bound form of calmodulin ...
Niu Yajing - - 2013
A simple, colorimetric 'turn on' sensor for ultrasensitive detection of thrombin has been developed using fibrinogen-modified gold nanoparticles (Fib-Au NPs). The assay was based on the thrombin-fibrinogen interaction which is part of the physiological process of blood clotting. The fibrinogen was immobilized on the surface of 96-well plate offering reactive ...
Liu Shaopeng S Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Connecticut, 191 Auditorium Rd., Unit-3139, Storrs, CT 06269, - - 2013
On-line measurement of respiration plays an important role in monitoring human physical activities. Such measurement commonly employs sensing belts secured around the rib cage and abdomen of the test object. Affected by the movement of body tissues, respiratory signals typically have a low signal-to-noise ratio. Removing tissue artifacts therefore is ...
Song Woo Heon - - 2013
A supersaturating self-emulsifying drug delivery system (S-SEDDS) was prepared and evaluated for enhanced dissolution of celecoxib (CXB), a poorly water-soluble drug. The selected CXB-dissolved SEDDS formulation consisting 10 % Capryol 90 (oil), 45 % Tween 20 (surfactant), and 45 % Tetraglycol (cosurfactant) had the characteristics of small droplet size and great solubility as ...
Olson-Madden Jennifer H JH Veterans Integrated Service Network (VISN) 19, Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, 1055 Clermont Street, Denver, CO 80220, USA. - - 2013
This paper highlights the results of a consensus meeting regarding best practices for the assessment and treatment of co-occurring traumatic brain injury (TBI) and mental health (MH) problems among Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn Veterans seeking care in non-Veterans Affairs Colorado community MH settings. Twenty individuals with expertise ...
Dittami Simon M - - 2013
Monitoring of marine microalgae is important to predict and manage harmful algal blooms. Microarray Detection of Toxic ALgae (MIDTAL) is an FP7-funded EU project aiming to establish a multi-species microarray as a tool to aid monitoring agencies. We tested the suitability of different prototype versions of the MIDTAL microarray for ...
Rodriguez Santiago S MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology (CAiTE), and Bristol Genetic Epidemiology Laboratories (BGEL), School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. - - 2013
Earwax type and axillary odor are genetically determined by rs17822931, a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the ABCC11 gene. The literature has been concerned with the Mendelian trait of earwax, although axillary odor is also Mendelian. Ethnic diversity in rs17822931 exists, with higher frequency of allele A in east Asians. ...
Zhao Zheng-Bao - - 2013
Fasciospyrinadine (1), a novel sesquiterpene pyridine alkaloid with a previously unreported skeleton featuring a monocyclicfarnesane moiety attached to a 3-methylenepyridine residue, was isolated from the sponge Fasciospongia sp. from Weizhou Island, Guangxi Autonomous Region. The structure and the relative stereochemistry of 1 were elucidated on the basis of extensive analysis ...
Jaffe Shirlee S Division of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, - - 2013
Obese Black women are at increased risk for development of gestational diabetes mellitus and have worse perinatal outcomes than do obese women of other ethnicities. Since hsp72 has been associated with the regulation of obesity-induced insulin resistance, we evaluated associations between glucose ingestion, hsp72 release and insulin production in Black ...
Taguchi Yuuki - - 2013
We examined the viability and morphology of Candida albicans under experimental conditions after treatment with varying concentrations of cinnamaldehyde, the major component of cassia (Cinnamomum cassia), using XTT assay, fluorescent microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and thin-section electron microscopy. At 10 μg/ml level, cinnamaldehyde inhibited mycelial growth, but did not affect the ...
Kong Seong-Ho - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: During a laparoscopic total gastrectomy, the combined process of purse-string suture placement and anvil insertion of a circular stapler is one of the most difficult steps in the reconstruction. We have developed a stable and reliable technique in which purse-string suture placement and anvil insertion using anterior esophagotomy precede ...
Post Justin B JB Department of Statistics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8203, USA. - - 2013
When faced with categorical predictors and a continuous response, the objective of an analysis often consists of two tasks: finding which factors are important and determining which levels of the factors differ significantly from one another. Often times, these tasks are done separately using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) followed by ...
Park Sun-Ae - - 2013
To date, most EEG-based brain-computer interface (BCI) studies have focused only on enhancing BCI performance in such areas as classification accuracy and information transfer rate. In practice, however, test-retest reliability of the developed BCI systems must also be considered for use in long-term, daily life applications. One factor that can ...
Staniland Karen - - 2013
This article investigates how the frame concept was used in media studies of the 2009 flu pandemic representation. It examines how frame (or framing) analysis has illuminated sociological features of these depictions and how the frame concept facilitated an analytic understanding of media representations. The article first outlines the principal ...
Rachoin Jean-Sebastien - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Several studies have shown promising results regarding the use of statins as an adjunctive treatment for sepsis. Most of those studies were retrospective or observational in nature. The ASEPSIS trial has reported that the administration of atorvastatin reduced clinical progression of sepsis but did not improve mortality. These findings ...
Farkhooy A - - 2013
We review the published literature on clinical echocardiography of the past year. Key topics were valvular heart disease, in particular aortic stenosis, and the imaging requirements for transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Three-dimensional echocardiography and deformation imaging have yielded important new insights in valvular heart disease. Other key fields have been ...
Gugliotta Joseph L JL Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Hunterdon Medical Center, Flemington, New Jersey, - - 2013
Ixodes ticks serve as vectors for Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme disease. Globally, these ticks often concurrently harbor B. miyamotoi, a spirochete that is classified within the relapsing-fever group of spirochetes. Although humans presumably are exposed to B. miyamotoi, there are limited data suggesting disease attributable to it. We ...
Sasai Yoshiki - - 2013
Our knowledge of the principles by which organ architecture develops through complex collective cell behaviours is still limited. Recent work has shown that the shape of such complex tissues as the optic cup forms by self-organization in vitro from a homogeneous population of stem cells. Multicellular self-organization involves three basic ...
Xu Jiao-Jun - - 2013
Abstract A 27-year-old woman presented with Cushing's syndrome. Typical clinical symptoms and signs developed at the beginning of each pregnancy. The latest three pregnancies all ended with natural abortion at about three months. It was the fourth time that she was pregnant. By week 18 of gestation, plasma cortisol diurnal ...
Shen Li-Rong - - 2013
Turmeric has been used commonly as a spice, food additive, and an herbal medicine worldwide. Known as a bioactive polyphenolic extract of Turmeric, curcumin has a broad range of health benefit properties for humans. Recently, active research on curcumin with respect to aging and related traits in model organisms has ...
Young Morag J - - 2013
Over the last two decades, the known functions of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) have expanded beyond regulation of sodium and potassium in epithelial cells to encompass physiological and pathophysiological effects in many tissues throughout the body. It is now well accepted that the MR plays a critical role in many ...
Ichinose Shizuko - - 2013
Chondrogenesis and osteogenesis during fetal development and postnatal growth constitute one of the most interesting and complicated subjects in biology. In this study, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were embedded in collagen gel, cultured in chondrogenic or osteogenic medium, and compared morphologically during chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation sequentially by ...
Liu Jinxia - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the potential role and prognostic significance of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 4 (MKP-4) in the pathology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Western blot analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed to detect MKP-4 expression in HCC tissues, pericarcinomatous liver (PCL) tissues, and ...
Ronne-Engström Elisabeth - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A measurement of quality of life (QoL) should cover the important aspects of daily life and be easy to perform. Ease of performance is especially important for patients with spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), since fatigue and cognitive disabilities are known sequeles. EuroQoL (EQ-5D) is a preference-based instrument measuring QoL, ...
Sherrard Rachel M - - 2013
The assembly of neural circuits involves multiple sequential steps, in particular the formation and maturation of synaptic connections. This often prolonged process involves several stages including the appropriate morphological and physiological maturation of each synaptic partner as well as their mutual interaction in order to ensure correct cellular and subcellular ...
Lareschi Marcela - - 2013
Androlaelaps fahrenholzi is a common, cosmopolitan mite constituting a species complex. This mite is found in nests or on mammal hosts and occasionally on birds. The specific host association between A. fahrenholzi-like mites and Premnoplex brunnescens in Costa Rica is reported here. Adults (females and males), deutonymphs and protonymphs were ...
Ko Chang-Yong - - 2013
This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of trabecular bone loss induced by skeletal unloading. Twelve mice have taken denervation operation. At 2 weeks after denervation, LLLT (wavelength, 660 nm; energy density, 3 J/cm(2)) was applied to the right tibiae of six mice (LASER) ...
Jiang Cho-Pei - - 2013
Bone tissue engineering is an emerging approach to provide viable substitutes for bone regeneration. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is a good candidate of bone scaffold because of several advantages such as hydrophilicity, biocompatibility, and intrinsic resistance to protein adsorption and cell adhesion. However, its low compressive strength limits application for bone ...
Forsberg Anton - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate AZD2995 side by side with AZD2184 as novel PET radioligands for imaging of amyloid-β in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: In vitro binding of tritium-labelled AZD2995 and AZD2184 was studied and compared with that of the established amyloid-β PET radioligand PIB. Subsequently, ...
Jones Andrew - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute severe clinical deterioration of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) may mandate endotracheal intubation. We evaluated the benefits of intubation by examining which pre-admission parameters were associated with ICU outcome; and assessing the potential benefits of intubation for survivors in terms of time from ICU discharge to ...
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