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Pourali Parastoo - - 2013
The purpose of this study was the evaluation of two different temperatures on antibacterial activity of the biosynthesized silver nanoparticles. 38 silver nanoparticles-producing bacteria were isolated from soil and identified. Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by these bacteria was verified through visible light spectrophotometry. Two strains were relatively active for production ...
Hwang Jae Chul - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) combined with large-balloon dilation (LBD) has been proposed as an alternative to manage large bile duct stones. However, recent reports indicate that LBD without EST may be safe and effective in this setting. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one patients with large common bile duct (CBD) stones ...
Enjalbert Quentin - - 2013
Targeted mass spectrometry using selected reaction monitoring (SRM) has emerged as an alternative to immunoassays for protein quantification owing to faster development time and higher multiplexing capability. However, the SRM strategy is faced with the high complexity of peptide mixtures after trypsin digestion of whole plasma or the cellular proteome ...
Singh Emma - - 2013
Abstract Adolescents with diabetes must learn to manage their own health plans. Support from family is typically associated with positive self-management outcomes, yet less is known about how healthcare teams can facilitate positive self-management. This study aims to investigate the associations between family and healthcare team support and adolescent emotional, ...
Nugroho Agung - - 2013
The flowers or leaves of Chrysanthemum boreale (Compositae) have been traditionally used as herb tea to reduce anxiety, insomnia, and stress. Sedative and anticonvulsant activities were evaluated in mice using pentobarbital-induced sleeping assay and pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced convulsion assay. The flower extract exhibited more potent activities than the extracts of the ...
Chung Ill-Min - - 2013
Two new compounds lyciumtetraterpenic hexaarabinoside (1) and tetraterpenyl hexaarabinoside (2), along with two known compounds, were isolated from the methanol extract of the fruits of Lycium chinense Miller (Solanaceae), and their structures have been elucidated as 6-(1,1,5-trimethyl-5α-hydroxycyclohexanyl)-6'-(1',1',5'-trimethyl-2'β-hydroxycyclohexanyl)-9,13,9',13'-tetramethyloctadec-7,9,11,13,15,7',9',11',13'-nonene-5α-D-arabinopyranosyl(2a → 1b)-β-D-arabinopyranosyl-(2b → 1c)-β-D-arabinopyranosyl-2'-β-D-arabinopyranosyl-(2d → 1e)-α-D-arabinopyranosyl-(2e → 1f)-α-D-arabinopyranoside (1) and 1(6),11(12),13(14),1'(6'),11'(12'),13'(14')-dodecahydro-β-caroten-4β,4'β-diol-4β-L-arabinopyranosyl-(2a → 1b)-β-L-arabinopyranosyl-(2b → 1c)-β-D-arabinopyranosido-4'β-L-arabinopyranosyl-(2d → 1e)-β-L-arabinopyranosyl-(2e → 1f)-β-D-arabinopyranoside (2) on the basis of spectral data analysis and chemical ...
Su Xiaofang - - 2013
A novel biosensing platform was developed by combining the advantages of electrospun poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/chitosan nanofibers and graphene oxides (GO). Glucose oxidase (GOD) was employed as a model enzyme. By co-electrospinning the solution of PVA, chitosan, GOD and GO, the PVA/chitosan/GOD/GO nanofibers were directly modified on the platinum (Pt) electrode. ...
Stefan Loic - - 2013
The capability of DNA to acquire enzyme-like properties has led to the emergence of the so-called DNAzyme field; herein, we take a further leap along this nature-inspired road, demonstrating that a template assembled synthetic G-quartet (TASQ) can act as a pre-catalyst for catalytic peroxidase-mimicking oxidation reactions, whatever its nature (guanine ...
Erdem Safiye Sağ - - 2013
Abstract Monoamine oxidase (MAO, EC 1.4.3.4) is responsible from the oxidation of a variety of amine neurotransmitters. MAO inhibitors are used for the treatment of depression or Parkinson's disease. They also inhibit the catabolism of dietary amines. According to one hypothesis, inactivation results from the formation of a covalent adduct ...
Arriaga Alexander F - - 2013
Operating-room crises (e.g., cardiac arrest and massive hemorrhage) are common events in large hospitals but can be rare for individual clinicians. Successful management is difficult and complex. We sought to evaluate a tool to improve adherence to evidence-based best practices during such events. Operating-room teams from three institutions (one academic ...
Masi A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+) ), a potent parkinsonizing agent in primates and rodents, is a blocker of mitochondrial complex I, therefore MPP(+) -induced parkinsonism is believed to depend largely on mitochondrial impairment. However, it has recently been proposed that other mechanisms may participate in MPP(+) -induced toxicity. We tackled ...
Bernardin Fanny - - 2013
A 5 mo old female rottweiler was referred for evaluation of a suspected congenital heart disease. Clinical signs included anorexia, exercise intolerance, and severe loss of body condition. Clinical examination revealed dyspnea, pale mucous membranes, and weak femoral pulses. Pleural and abdominal effusions and iron deficiency anemia were identified. A ...
Van Camp Jasmijn K - - 2013
Because of the importance of the Wnt pathway in the development and maintenance of both adipose and bone tissue, we wanted to evaluate the involvement of WNT10B, a Wnt pathway activator, in adipogenesis and osteoblastogenesis in humans. Genetic association between WNT10B polymorphisms and adiposity parameters as well as bone mineral ...
Lee Soyean - - 2013
This study examined the validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptom dimension in children. Ten symptom domains were used to define SCT (i.e., (1) daydreams; (2) attention fluctuates; (3) absent-minded; (4) loses train of thought; (5) easily confused; (6) seems drowsy; (7) thinking is slow; (8) slow-moving; (9) low ...
Ahmad Zeeshan - - 2013
This study presents a case series of patients with meningococcal purpura fulminans who were treated at a tertiary referral centre within a few days of each other. Presenting with signs and symptoms of florid meningococcal sepsis, they were managed initially by physicians and intensivists, whereas the development of large purpuric ...
Lodato Dena - - 2013
Cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) is the most common cause of degenerative joint disease (DJD) in the stifle of adult dogs. Over the last several years, a new generation of nonabsorbable, multifilament, polyblend polyethylene orthopedic suture materials have been evaluated for use in the lateral fabellar suture (LFS) technique for ...
Matsuda Takeru - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The feasibility, safety and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for transverse and descending colon cancers in a community hospital setting were evaluated. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with transverse or descending colon cancers who underwent laparoscopic surgery at our hospital were included in this retrospective analysis (group A). Their outcomes were ...
Babbar Lalita - - 2013
We investigated in this study whether or not the ischemic preconditioning (IPC)-mediated cardioprotective effect against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury exists in the fructose-fed hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) rat heart. Langendorff-perfused normal and fructose-fed (10 % w/v in drinking water, 8 weeks) HTG rat hearts were subjected to 30-min global ischemia and 120-min reperfusion. IPC protocol included ...
Gonzalez Barbara - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the relation of disability and physical and mental health status with potentially traumatic life events (PTLE) before the onset of fibromyalgia in women diagnosed with this syndrome. We also investigated causal attribution of fibromyalgia to a triggering event, physical or psychological in nature, and its ...
Stange Ulrike - - 2013
Abstract The taste of oral dosage forms is an important argument regarding patient's compliance and acceptability. For this reason, it is often necessary to mask an undesirable and unpleasant taste of an active pharmaceutical ingredient. The purpose of this study was to mask the taste of naproxen sodium by a ...
Zhou Lisha - - 2013
Stable Cu(2)O nanocrystals of around 3 nm were uniformly and densely grown on functionalized graphene sheets (FGS), which act as molecular templates instead of surfactants for controlled nucleation; the distribution density of nanocrystals can be easily controlled by FGS with different C/O ratios. The nanocomposite displays improved stability of the ...
Li Na - - 2013
A resorcinarene-based macrocyclic ligand functionalized with alanine and undecyl groups (AUA) was synthesized and applied to ion chromatographic separations. The selectivity and separation of transition metal ions on a column packed with AUA adsorbed onto 55% cross-linked styrene-divinylbenzene resin are presented. The upper and lower rims of the resorcinarene were ...
Shen Yue-E - - 2013
Previous reports have revealed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) is involved in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and recent studies indicate that free radical-generating systems can regulate amyloid-β precursor protein (APP) processing. Edaravone is a novel free radical scavenger currently used to reduce cerebral damages after acute cerebral infarction. ...
Yang Yuan - - 2013
Rechargeable Li/S batteries have attracted significant attention lately due to their high specific energy and low cost. They are promising candidates for applications, including portable electronics, electric vehicles and grid-level energy storage. However, poor cycle life and low power capability are major technical obstacles. Various nanostructured sulfur cathodes have been ...
Heijmen L - - 2013
Clinical studies have shown that bevacizumab beyond progression to first line therapy is beneficial for overall survival in advanced stage colorectal cancer. We studied the utility of several functional imaging modalities to assess the efficacy of bevacizumab beyond progression (BBP). All BALB/c mice with s.c. LS174T xenografts were treated with ...
Monteiro Rogeria Pimentel de Araujo - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To develop, implement and validate an instrument for assessing the functional and social performance of young male adults with lower limb amputees based on the international classification of functionality, incapacity, and health. Methods: Developed the instrument, the items were grouped into domains (organic aspects - OA, daily activities ...
Han Yuna - - 2013
Among primary cardiac tumors, hemangiomas are relatively rare, with a reported incidence of 2.8%. To date, less than 100 cases have been reported in literature. We report the case of a 61-year-old woman who complained from chest discomfort since 3 years and in whom transthoracic echocardiography revealed a pedunculated tumor ...
Liang Dong - - 2013
Six new carboxylic acids (1-6), together with 11 known ones (7-17), were isolated from the aerial parts of Lysimachia clethroides. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and chemical evidence. Five new carboxylic acids (1 and 3-6) were evaluated for their in vitro inhibitory activity against aldose ...
Shimomura Atsushi - - 2013
Lymphocyte enhancer factor 1 (LEF1), a member of the LEF/T-cell-specific factor (TCF) family of the high mobility group domain transcription factors, acts downstream in canonical Wnt signaling. Aberrant transactivation of LEF1 contributes to the tumorigenesis of colonic neoplasms, sebaceous skin tumors, and lymphoblastic leukemia. LEF1-associated proteins are crucial for regulating ...
Abood Gerard J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Central pancreatectomy is a definitive treatment for low-grade tumors of the pancreatic neck that preserves pancreatic and splenic function at the potential expense of postoperative pancreatic fistula. We analyzed outcomes after robot-assisted central pancreatectomy (RACP) to reexamine the risk-benefit profile in the era of minimally invasive surgery. METHODS: Retrospective ...
Sittel Imke - - 2013
A combinatorial ionic-liquid-supported "catch-and-release" strategy for oligosaccharide synthesis (combi-ICROS) is reported. A series of β-(1→6) glucan di-, tri- and tetra-saccharides were synthesized in one pot to showcase the versatility of the strategy.
Chen Buyun - - 2013
The chemical composition of the solution has a critical impact on the electrospray desorption efficiency of oligonucleotides. Several physiochemical properties of various organic modifiers were investigated with respect to their role in the desorption process of oligonucleotides. The Henry's Law Constant, which reflects the volatility of alkylamines, was found to ...
Forsberg Anton - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate AZD2995 side by side with AZD2184 as novel PET radioligands for imaging of amyloid-β in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: In vitro binding of tritium-labelled AZD2995 and AZD2184 was studied and compared with that of the established amyloid-β PET radioligand PIB. Subsequently, ...
Jones Andrew - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute severe clinical deterioration of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) may mandate endotracheal intubation. We evaluated the benefits of intubation by examining which pre-admission parameters were associated with ICU outcome; and assessing the potential benefits of intubation for survivors in terms of time from ICU discharge to ...
Morooka Yuki - - 2013
PURPOSE: To develop a living liver donor (LLD) quality of life (QOL) scale and test its reliability and validity. METHODS: We sent a draft questionnaire comprising 38 questions to 965 LLDs from five hospitals. To evaluate test-retest reliability, the questionnaire was re-sent 2 weeks later to some of the donors from ...
Xu Shou-Ying - - 2013
Microbial fermentation is a promising technology for hydrogen (H(2)) production. H(2) producers in marine geothermal environments are thermophilic and halotolerant. However, no one has surveyed an environment specifically for thermophilic bacteria that produce H(2) through Fe-Fe hydrogenases (H(2)ase). Using heterotrophic medium, several microflora from a seaweed bed associated with marine hot ...
Ding Wei-Jia - - 2013
A new di-O-prenylated flavone, named 7,3'-di-(γ,γ-dimethylallyloxy)-5-hydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone (1), was isolated from the culture broth of the endophytic actinomycete Streptomyces sp. MA-12 isolated from the root of the semi-mangrove plant Myoporum bontioides A. Gray. The structure of 1 was determined by comprehensive spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR experiments (COSY, HMQC, ...
Taguchi Yuuki - - 2013
We examined the viability and morphology of Candida albicans under experimental conditions after treatment with varying concentrations of cinnamaldehyde, the major component of cassia (Cinnamomum cassia), using XTT assay, fluorescent microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and thin-section electron microscopy. At 10 μg/ml level, cinnamaldehyde inhibited mycelial growth, but did not affect the ...
Kong Seong-Ho - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: During a laparoscopic total gastrectomy, the combined process of purse-string suture placement and anvil insertion of a circular stapler is one of the most difficult steps in the reconstruction. We have developed a stable and reliable technique in which purse-string suture placement and anvil insertion using anterior esophagotomy precede ...
Park Sun-Ae - - 2013
To date, most EEG-based brain-computer interface (BCI) studies have focused only on enhancing BCI performance in such areas as classification accuracy and information transfer rate. In practice, however, test-retest reliability of the developed BCI systems must also be considered for use in long-term, daily life applications. One factor that can ...
Staniland Karen - - 2013
This article investigates how the frame concept was used in media studies of the 2009 flu pandemic representation. It examines how frame (or framing) analysis has illuminated sociological features of these depictions and how the frame concept facilitated an analytic understanding of media representations. The article first outlines the principal ...
Farkhooy A - - 2013
We review the published literature on clinical echocardiography of the past year. Key topics were valvular heart disease, in particular aortic stenosis, and the imaging requirements for transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Three-dimensional echocardiography and deformation imaging have yielded important new insights in valvular heart disease. Other key fields have been ...
Ryu Aeli - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 in cervicovaginal fluid, alone or in combination with clinical risk factors, could predict intra-amniotic infection in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). DESIGN: A prospective cohort study SETTING: University teaching hospital POPULATION: Women with singleton pregnancies presenting PPROM between ...
Haase Hajo - - 2013
Changes of the pico- to nanomolar concentration of free intracellular Zn(2+) are part of the signal transduction in mammalian cells. These zinc signals regulate the enzymatic activity of target proteins such as protein tyrosine phosphatases. For Escherichia coli, previous studies have reported diverging concentrations from femto- to picomolar, raising the ...
Shi Jing - - 2013
Density functional theory calculations were performed to investigate the adsorption and hydration of an ammonium ion (NH(4) (+)) confined in the interlayer space of montmorillonites (MMT). NH(4) (+) is trapped in the six-oxygen-ring on the internal surface and forms a strong binding with the surface O atoms. The hydration of ...
Hullmann Stephanie E - - 2013
Abstract The current study sought to: 1) assess differences in levels of physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL), illness uncertainty, and intrusiveness in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with allergies and asthma, as well as 2) examine the effect of illness appraisals on HRQOL. Participants were undergraduate students ...
Rom Maximilian - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical predictors of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in men with the first episode of spontaneous acute urinary retention (AUR), in order to facilitate patient selection for early de-obstructive prostate surgery. METHODS: A multichannel urodynamic investigation was performed in 156 consecutive men ≥50 years five days following AUR. Clinical ...
Du Yi-Jie - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the features of airway inflammation and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) activity in patients with asthma accompanied by depression. Methods: Adult asthmatics were recruited and enrolled into one of two groups based on scores on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD): asthmatics with depression (HAMD score ≥8, n=23), and ...
Lv Yajie - - 2013
Associations of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with vitiligo have been reported, but the results were inconsistent. To investigate the association of SNPs in the intron 16 of ACE gene with vitiligo susceptibility by the meta-analysis, case-control studies were conducted by searching from PubMed, HighWire ...
Farah Raymond - - 2013
Lithium can prevent 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) dopaminergic neurotoxicity in mice. This is attributed to induced antioxidant and antiapoptotic state, which among other factors results from induction of Bcl-2 and reduction of Bax, however, cDNA microarray reveals that this represents only one cascade of lithium targets. From analyzing the gene expression profile ...
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