Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3022
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Culver J O - - 2013
Studies suggest that patients carrying a BRCA variant of uncertain significance (VUS) may have lingering confusion concerning results interpretation. Counseling for uninformative BRCA-negative (UN) results is thought to be more straightforward, despite the fact that both results lead to similar methods of empiric cancer risk counseling. This study compared surgical ...
Pointer Emmy - - 2013
The objectives of this retrospective study were to identify the most common clinicopathologic abnormalities in starved dogs, assess the time required for those abnormalities to resolve, and determine whether clinicopathologic abnormalities recorded at time of intake to the hospital influenced time to regain weight. Records of 152 very underweight or ...
Eijkelenboom Astrid - - 2013
Forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factors are involved in the regulation of the cell cycle, apoptosis and metabolism. In model organisms, FOXO activity also affects stem cell maintenance and lifespan as well as age-related diseases, such as cancer and diabetes. Multiple upstream pathways regulate FOXO activity through post-translational modifications and ...
Song Yipeng - - 2013
The three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D CRT) plays an important role in the combination treatment of esophageal carcinoma. However, an accurate estimation of the clinical target volume (CTV) of esophageal squamous carcinoma (ESCC) by 3D CRT is still problematic. This study aimed to provide reference values for CTV estimation. The serial ...
Jiang Tian-Fang - - 2013
Parkinson's disease (PD) is pathologically characterized by the presence of α-synuclein positive intracytoplasmic inclusions. The missense mutation, A53T α-synuclein is closely related to hereditary, early-onset PD. Accumulating evidences suggest that pathological accumulation of A53T α-synuclein protein will perturb itself to be efficiently and normally degraded through its usual degradation pathway, ...
Valdez Carmen R - - 2013
Although it is widely accepted that parental depression is associated with problems with children's socioemotional adjustment, the pathways by which parental depression influences children's adjustment, particularly in low-income Latino children are not fully understood. In our investigation of 1,462 low-income Latino children in the first grade and their Spanish- and ...
Marcus Erin N - - 2013
Research suggests that women with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) and ethnic minority women are at increased risk of being inadequately informed of their mammogram result. The purpose of this study is to explore breast imaging centers' communication practices and assess how these centers accommodate women with low literacy and LEP. ...
Schubert Tom - - 2013
A 13 mo old spayed female mixed-breed dog presented in a nonambulatory state that was attributed to severe myoclonus secondary to distemper. The authors hypothesized that mitigating the myoclonus would help the dog become ambulatory and expedite convalescence. They injected the severely affected muscles with botulinum toxin on two separate ...
Das Rudra Narayan - - 2013
In order to protect the life of all creatures living in the environment, the toxicity arising from various hazardous chemicals must be controlled. This imposes a serious responsibility on different chemical, pharmaceutical, and other biological industries to produce less harmful chemicals. Among various international initiatives on harmful aspects of chemicals, ...
Depledge M H - - 2013
Early steps in the emergence of the discipline of "Oceans and Human Health" are charted in the USA and discussed in relation to past and present marine environment and human health research activities in Europe. Differences in terminology are considered, as well as differences in circumstances related to the various ...
Zhou Mowei - - 2013
Charge states of noncovalent protein complexes in the gas phase are known to affect their propensity for unfolding and dissociation. In this work, C-reactive protein (CRP) pentamer and Concanavalin A (ConA) tetramer at different charge states were subjected to collision induced dissociation (CID) and surface induced dissociation (SID) in a ...
Vietri Jeffrey - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the impact of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on patient reported outcomes in Europe. This study was conducted to assess the burden of HCV infection in terms of work productivity loss, activity impairment, health-related quality of life, healthcare resource utilization, and associated costs. METHODS: ...
Zelinová Veronika - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyse the alterations of glutathione peroxidase (GPX) expression and activity during the recovery period after a short-term treatment of barley root tip with cadmium (Cd) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). The transcript level of GPX increased as early as 1 h and GPX activity 3 h ...
Chen Xiujuan - - 2013
A pyridinyl-functionalized tetraphenylethene (Py-TPE) was synthesized and it demonstrated colorimetric and ratiometric fluorescent responses to trivalent metal cations (M(3+), M = Cr, Fe, Al) over a variety of mono- and divalent metal cations.
Zheng Chao - - 2013
Molecularly imprinted monoliths integrate the high permeability of monolithic materials and the high selectivity and affinity of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP). Thus, in recent years, development of this novel MIP format in HPLC has expanded quickly, particularly use of organic materials. This review focuses on the principal aspects of good ...
Lee Junseok - - 2013
A photoresponsive drug releasing system based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) was developed. A model drug was decorated on the surfaces via singlet oxygen sensitive linkers and a singlet oxygen-generating photosensitizer was loaded in the mesopores of the MSN. An on-demand drug releasing system was successfully developed by irradiation with ...
Zhang Peng - - 2013
Inflammation is an immune response against a variety of noxious stimuli, such as infection, chemicals, and physical injury. Eugenol, a natural phenolic extract, has drawn much attention for its various desirable pharmacological functions and is, therefore, broadly used in our daily life and medical practice. However, further usage of eugenol ...
Samalavicius N E - - 2013
A 42-year-old Lithuanian male had up to 15 watery stools a day and lost 28 kg in three months. he had onychodystrophy, alopecia, hyperpigmentation of the skin of the forehead and a pale tongue. Endoscopy revealed multiple gastric polyps, a 'carpeted' duodenum, diffuse colorectal polyposis with fewer lesions in the ...
Kim Moon-Kyung - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To define a better cut-off value of the renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter (RPAPD) to predict persistent or progressive pyelectasis during pregnancy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 8873 women whose fetal RPAPD was measured. Midtrimester pyelectasis was defined as a RPAPD of ≥4 mm. Persistent/progressive pyelectasis was defined as a ...
De Rosa A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To review the outcomes of patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) treated by the "liver-first" approach. METHODS: Relevant articles were reviewed from the published literature using the Medline database. The search was performed using the keywords "colorectal cancer", "liver-first", "reverse strategy", "liver metastases", "liver resection" and "hepatectomy". RESULTS: ...
Nakano Miyo - - 2013
We developed a quantitative real-time PCR assay to specificity detect and quantify the genus Alcaligenes in samples from the agricultural environment, such as vegetables and farming soils. The minimum detection sensitivity was 106 fg of pure culture DNA, corresponding to DNA extracted from two cells of A. faecalis. To evaluate ...
Tetlow Daniel J - - 2013
Deprotonation with strong bases of N-vinyl ureas carrying an N'-aryl substituent leads to migration of the N'-aryl group from N to C via an allyllithium; with weaker bases and electron-deficient aryl rings the direction of the migration reverses, and aryl substituents α to the urea N atom may migrate from ...
Wu Qiong - - 2013
The heats of formation (HOFs), electronic structure, energetic properties, and thermal stabilities for a series of 1,4-bis(1-azo-2,4-dinitrobenzene)-iminotetrazole derivatives with different substituents and substitution positions and numbers of nitrogen atoms in the nitrobenzene rings were studied using the DFT-B3LYP method. All the substituted compounds have higher HOFs than their parent compounds. ...
Gajjar Ketan - - 2013
Currently available screening tests do not deliver the required sensitivity and specificity for accurate diagnosis of ovarian or endometrial cancer. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy of blood plasma or serum is a rapid, versatile, and relatively non-invasive approach which could characterize biomolecular alterations due to cancer and has potential to be utilized ...
Akabayov Sabine R - - 2013
Controlling translation during protein synthesis is crucial for cell proliferation and differentiation. Protein translation is orchestrated by an assembly of various protein components at the ribosomal subunits. The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4G (eIF4G) plays an important role in the formation of the translation initiation complex eIF4F consisting of eIF4G, ...
Sanghavi Bankim J - - 2013
An Amberlite XAD-2 (XAD2) and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TNPs) modified glassy carbon paste electrode (XAD2-TNP-GCPE) was developed for the determination of imipramine (IMI), trimipramine (TRI) and desipramine (DES). The electrochemical behavior of these molecules was investigated employing cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronocoulometry (CC), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and adsorptive stripping differential ...
Codispoti Kari-Elise T - - 2013
Gliosarcoma is a subset of glioblastoma with glial and mesenchymal components. True secondary gliosarcomas (i.e. progressing from lower-grade precursors) in the absence of radiation therapy are very rare. We report the unique case of a 61-year-old male who developed a fibrillary astrocytoma (WHO grade II). In the absence of adjuvant ...
Wang Jian-Rong - - 2013
Opisthobranchs are slow-moving, brightly colored, and shell-less slug. Interestingly, these naked molluscs appear to be free of predation causing great interests to biologists, chemists, and pharmacologists as well. It is well documented that their ability to escape predation is realized by utilizing chemical substances as defensive allomones. Due to their ...
Zou Hui - - 2013
A new flavonoid, 6-(5-acetyl-2-methoxyphenyl)-apigenin (1), together with nine known compounds (2-10), was isolated from Selaginella uncinata (Desv.) Spring. This is the first report of the spectroscopic data of compound 3. Compound 2 was first reported from this species. The structure of the new compound was elucidated on the basis of ...
Tronstad Christian - - 2013
Skin conductance (SC) has previously been reported to correlate strongly with sweat rate (Swr) within subjects, but weakly between subjects. Using a new solution for simultaneous recording of SC, skin susceptance (SS) and skin potential (SP) at the same skin site, the aim of this study was to assess how ...
De Nicola Flavia - - 2013
For the first time until now, the results from a prediction model (Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System (ADMS)-Road) of pollutant dispersion in a street canyon were compared to the results obtained from biomonitors. In particular, the instrumental monitoring of particulate matter (PM10) and the biomonitoring of 14 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) ...
Clark Ehlers G A - - 2013
Bacterial aggregation has important implications for the maintenance of bacteria in engineered environments. The triggers for aggregation, however, are poorly understood. A strain of Acidovorax temperans CB2Hn isolated from activated sludge was found to exhibit transient aggregation and was applied as a model to investigate factors that regulate biological aggregation. ...
Matsui Takuya - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: Mast cells play a central role in allergic and chronic inflammation. Extracts from Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels (Rutaceae) possess many pharmacological effects including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, and anti-trichomonal activities. In addition, the leaves and fruit are used in Chinese folk medicine. We have isolated and identified four ...
Sasai Yoshiki - - 2013
Our knowledge of the principles by which organ architecture develops through complex collective cell behaviours is still limited. Recent work has shown that the shape of such complex tissues as the optic cup forms by self-organization in vitro from a homogeneous population of stem cells. Multicellular self-organization involves three basic ...
Xu Jiao-Jun - - 2013
Abstract A 27-year-old woman presented with Cushing's syndrome. Typical clinical symptoms and signs developed at the beginning of each pregnancy. The latest three pregnancies all ended with natural abortion at about three months. It was the fourth time that she was pregnant. By week 18 of gestation, plasma cortisol diurnal ...
Shen Li-Rong - - 2013
Turmeric has been used commonly as a spice, food additive, and an herbal medicine worldwide. Known as a bioactive polyphenolic extract of Turmeric, curcumin has a broad range of health benefit properties for humans. Recently, active research on curcumin with respect to aging and related traits in model organisms has ...
Ichinose Shizuko - - 2013
Chondrogenesis and osteogenesis during fetal development and postnatal growth constitute one of the most interesting and complicated subjects in biology. In this study, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were embedded in collagen gel, cultured in chondrogenic or osteogenic medium, and compared morphologically during chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation sequentially by ...
Liu Jinxia - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the potential role and prognostic significance of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 4 (MKP-4) in the pathology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Western blot analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed to detect MKP-4 expression in HCC tissues, pericarcinomatous liver (PCL) tissues, and ...
Ronne-Engström Elisabeth - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A measurement of quality of life (QoL) should cover the important aspects of daily life and be easy to perform. Ease of performance is especially important for patients with spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), since fatigue and cognitive disabilities are known sequeles. EuroQoL (EQ-5D) is a preference-based instrument measuring QoL, ...
Sherrard Rachel M - - 2013
The assembly of neural circuits involves multiple sequential steps, in particular the formation and maturation of synaptic connections. This often prolonged process involves several stages including the appropriate morphological and physiological maturation of each synaptic partner as well as their mutual interaction in order to ensure correct cellular and subcellular ...
Lareschi Marcela - - 2013
Androlaelaps fahrenholzi is a common, cosmopolitan mite constituting a species complex. This mite is found in nests or on mammal hosts and occasionally on birds. The specific host association between A. fahrenholzi-like mites and Premnoplex brunnescens in Costa Rica is reported here. Adults (females and males), deutonymphs and protonymphs were ...
Ko Chang-Yong - - 2013
This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of trabecular bone loss induced by skeletal unloading. Twelve mice have taken denervation operation. At 2 weeks after denervation, LLLT (wavelength, 660 nm; energy density, 3 J/cm(2)) was applied to the right tibiae of six mice (LASER) ...
Jiang Cho-Pei - - 2013
Bone tissue engineering is an emerging approach to provide viable substitutes for bone regeneration. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is a good candidate of bone scaffold because of several advantages such as hydrophilicity, biocompatibility, and intrinsic resistance to protein adsorption and cell adhesion. However, its low compressive strength limits application for bone ...
Beutner C - - 2013
Inflammation can be prevented in most inflammatory brain diseases, while tissue repair of the lesioned central nervous system (CNS) is still a major challenge. The CNS is difficult to access for protein therapeutics due to the blood-brain barrier. Here, we show that genetically engineered embryonic stem cell-derived microglia (ESdM) are ...
Birnbaum Tobias - - 2013
Methotrexate (MTX)-based chemotherapy is used as upfront treatment for most patients with primary CNS lymphoma. Whether consolidating whole brain irradiation (WBI) should be recommended for patients who achieve complete remission (CR) is still a matter of debate. Patients who are predicted to experience an early relapse (ER, ≤12 months from diagnosis) might ...
Ford Kathleen - - 2013
Previous research on migrant health indicates that social integration may exert a strong influence on health behavior. However, to our knowledge, this factor has not been integrated into models for HIV prevention. Drawing constructs from the Health Belief Model, the objective of this paper was to determine whether social integration, ...
Barcellos-Hoff Mary Helen - - 2013
Radiation exposure is a well-documented risk factor for breast cancer in women. Compelling epidemiological evidence in different exposed populations around the world demonstrate that excess breast cancer increases with radiation doses above 10 cGy. Both frequency and type of breast cancer are affected by prior radiation exposure. Many epidemiological studies suggest ...
Janssen Fanny - - 2013
We present a new mortality projection methodology that distinguishes smoking- and non-smoking-related mortality and takes into account mortality trends of the opposite sex and in other countries. We evaluate to what extent future projections of life expectancy at birth (e (0)) for the Netherlands up to 2040 are affected by ...
Santos Jorge M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: ECBio has developed proprietary technology to consistently isolate, expand and cryopreserve a well-characterized population of stromal cells from human umbilical cord tissue (UCX(R) cells). The technology has recently been optimized in order to become compliant with Advanced Medicine Therapeutic Products. In this work we report the immunosuppressive capacity ...
Pourali Parastoo - - 2013
The purpose of this study was the evaluation of two different temperatures on antibacterial activity of the biosynthesized silver nanoparticles. 38 silver nanoparticles-producing bacteria were isolated from soil and identified. Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by these bacteria was verified through visible light spectrophotometry. Two strains were relatively active for production ...
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