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Smee Nicole - - 2013
There are multiple considerations when making a treatment plan for patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs). In part 2 of this review the authors discuss the clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and complications associated with bacterial UTIs in dogs and cats. Part 1 of this review summarized etiology and pathogenesis (see ...
Hodgson K - - 2013
Evidence has emerged supporting a link between high glycaemic index (GI) diets and type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to determine if dietary GI influences the development of hyperglycaemia in C57BL/6 mice to more closely reflect T2D. Male C57BL/6 mice (n=30) were randomly divided into 3 ...
Lei Jianyong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In Mainland China, many selection criteria for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) liver transplantation, such as the Hangzhou, the Chengdu, and the Fudan criteria, have been established. No comparisons have been made among the outcomes using the Hangzhou, Chengdu, and University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) criteria in patients who underwent ...
Koriyama Masumi - - 2013
To investigate seasonal variations of nutrient distribution in the mudflat-shallow water system, we conducted field surveys once a month from August 2007 to July 2008 in the inner area of Ariake Bay (IAB), Japan. The NH(4) (+)-N concentration of the water column increased in autumn because of the high NH(4) ...
Chen Yunhua - - 2013
High Internal Phase Emulsion hydrogels are prepared from waterborne poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) nanogel dispersions which are non-covalently crosslinked through 2-ureido-4[1H] pyrimidinone (UPy) quadruple hydrogen bond groups. The reversible UPy crosslinks allow for the HIPE-hydrogels to be molded into objects which are thermo-responsive in nature.
Bateman Michael G - - 2013
A thorough understanding of valvar anatomy is essential for design engineers and clinicians in the development and/or employment of improved technologies or therapies for treating valvar pathologies. There are two arterial valves in the human heart-pulmonary and aortic valves. Both are complex structures whose normal anatomical components can vary greatly ...
Kotani Takuya - - 2013
The efficacy and safety of liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB) in the treatment of invasive fungal infections (IFIs) were retrospectively evaluated for patients with connective tissue diseases (CTDs) during treatment with immunosuppressive therapy. Subjects were 13 patients with CTDs complicated by IFI, on the basis of clinical symptoms, imaging findings, and ...
Leite M L C - - 2013
Data from a population-based prospective study were used to examine longitudinal changes in blood pressure (BP) and seek interactions between apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotypes, smoking and alcohol in a cohort of 557 elderly Brazilian men. Repeated BP measurements were obtained in four waves, and multi-level random-effects pattern-mixture models were used ...
Youk Ji Hyun - - 2013
To compare the mean elasticity value, as measured by shear-wave elastography (SWE), with immunohistochemical profile of invasive breast cancer. This was an institutional review board-approved retrospective study, with a waiver of informed consent. A total of 166 invasive breast cancers in 152 women undergoing preoperative SWE and surgery were included. ...
Oztürk A - - 2013
Öztürk, A. & Mollao─člu, M. (2013). Determination of problems in patients with post-laryngectomy. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. The purpose of this study is the determination of the physical and psychosocial problems of total and partial laryngectomies. A total of 25 patients, who were operated with the diagnosis of larynx carcinoma ...
Okada Hiroshi - - 2013
Recent studies have demonstrated that a difference in systolic blood pressure (SBP) between arms is associated with both vascular disease and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between a difference in SBP between arms and between lower limbs and the degree of albuminuria, which is ...
Davydow Dimitry S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hospitalizations for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSCs), conditions that should not require inpatient treatment if timely and appropriate ambulatory care is provided, may be an important contributor to rising healthcare costs and public health burden. OBJECTIVE: To examine if probable major depression is independently associated with hospitalization for an ACSC ...
Huse Jason T - - 2013
We report 10 cases of a non-neurocytic, purely neuronal tumor affecting adults. Situated in the cerebral hemispheres, with 7 of 10 confined to the temporal lobes, most presented with seizures as their principal clinical manifestations. On MRI, the tumors generally appeared solid and non-contrast enhancing with minimal diffuse infiltration, edema, ...
Li Cheng - - 2013
The trophic factor prosaposin (PS) is strongly expressed in skeletal muscle, and reportedly, a PS-derived peptide attenuates loss of muscle mass after nerve injury in vivo and increases myoblast fusion into myotubes in vitro. However, few studies have focused on the role of PS during muscle regeneration. We examined the ...
Yin Geping - - 2013
Severe Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (SAUB) is a common gynecological disorder. The clinical characteristics include disordered menstrual cycle and massive bleeding that can cause anemia or secondary infection. Current treatment mainly relies on drug therapy or surgical removal of the uterus, each having its significant disadvantages. How to preserve the uterus, ...
Yoshiga Toyoshi - - 2013
Caenorhabditis japonica is a bacteriophagous nematode species that was discovered on the semi-social burrower bug, Parastrachia japonensis, which demonstrates egg-guarding and provisioning behaviors. To understand the life history of C. japonica in relation to P. japonensis, we demonstrated the specificity of this association and fluctuations in nematode number on the ...
Weinstock Marta - - 2013
The current study determined the effects of chronic treatment of aging rats with ladostigil, a cholinesterase (ChE) and monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, at doses of 1 and 8.5 mg/kg/day, on novel object recognition (NOR) and reference memory in the Morris water maze (MWM). A dose of (1 mg/kg/day) did not inhibit ChE ...
Duin L K - - 2013
PURPOSE.: To evaluate reproducibility of fetal renal pelvis volume as assessed by the Virtual Organ Computer Aided AnaLysis (VOCAL) imaging program and by Automatic Volume Calculation (SonoAVC). In addition, the intra- and interobserver reliability of fetal renal pelvis volume measurements with SonoAVC were established. METHODS.: In this study, the fetal ...
Albin Björn - - 2013
A limited number of studies have been found on stroke mortality in migrants showing higher mortality for some groups. Influence of time of residence has been studied by one research group. An earlier study showed a significantly higher number of deaths in Diseases of the circulatory system in Finnish migrants ...
Schmidt James R - - 2013
Conflict adaptation is one of the most popular ideas in cognitive psychology. It purports to explain a wide range of data, including both brain and behavioral data from the proportion congruent and Gratton paradigms. However, in recent years, many concerns about the viability of this account have been raised. It ...
Lei Xuan - - 2013
Alteration of sugar moieties of natural products often leads to novel antibiotics with different chemical and physical properties. fscMI is a putative glycosyltransferase (GT) in a gene cluster for the production of candicidin, a polyene macrolide antibiotic, produced by Streptomyces sp. FR-008. In this report, we established an in vivo ...
Mannathan Subramaniyan - - 2013
Reaction of oxabicyclic alkenes with alkynes and organoboronic acids in the presence of Ni(cod)(2), P(t-Bu)(3), and CsF in a binary solvent toluene-methanol (1 : 3) at 75 to 85 °C provided exo-5,6-disubstituted 7-oxanorbornene derivatives in good to excellent yields.
Kravchenko Vladimir V - - 2013
Identification of cellular processes modulated by microbial organisms that undermine and disarm mammalian host defenses against bacterial invaders has been the focus of significant biomedical research. In this microreview we will illustrate the role of bacterial N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHL) as a strategy utilized by Gram-negative bacterial pathogens to enable ...
Moradpour Farshad - - 2013
The effects of pre-pubertal castration on hippocampal CA3-CA1 synaptic transmission and plasticity were studied at different ages in vitro. The field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSP); and population spikes (PS); were simultaneously recorded from stratum radiatum and stratum pylamidale of area CA1 following stimulation of Schaffer collaterals in slices taken from ...
Jez Jakub - - 2013
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO), a glycohormone, is one of the leading biopharmaceutical products. The production of rhEPO is currently restricted to mammalian cell expression systems because of its highly complex glycosylation pattern, which is a major determinant for drug-efficacy. Here we evaluated the ability of plants to produce different glycoforms ...
Yue Yong - - 2013
Two new pyrrolo[1,2-α]azepine-type stemona alkaloids, named as tuberostemonoxirine (1) and 9α-epi-tuberospironine (2), were isolated from the roots of Stemona tuberosa. The structures and relative configurations of new compounds were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic evidences, especially 1D and 2D NMR and HR-MS experiments.
Stepita Meredith E - - 2013
Socialization is one method of preventing behavior problems in dogs; however, some oppose socialization before 16 wk of age due to the risk of contracting infectious diseases. The objectives of this study were to determine if puppies that attended puppy socialization classes and were vaccinated by a veterinarian at least ...
Iacovazzo D - - 2013
Double pituitary adenomas represent up to 2.6 % of pituitary adenomas in large surgical series and up to 3.3 % of patients with Cushing's disease have been found to have double or multiple pituitary adenomas. We report the case of a 60-year-old male patient whose medical history began in 2002 with erectile ...
Chiarandini Fiore Jessica Paola - - 2013
Natural and contaminated waters of the final reaches of the Chubut River (Patagonia, Argentina) were studied to obtain information about river organic matter and effects of domestic and industrial discharges (fishery effluents and sewages). Fluorescence Excitation-Emission Matrices (EEMs) were obtained from samples only filtered (0.45 μm) and diluted, if necessary, to ...
Pham Loan - - 2013
Abstract Twelve hydrophobic coating agents were assessed for their effects on drug release after coating sugar cores by a flexible hot-melt coating method using direct blending. Drug-containing pellets were also produced and used as cores. The cores were coated with single or double wax layers containing acetaminophen (APAP). The harder ...
Gleeson M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Health Service Executive introduced a generic prescription policy to reduce costs. Despite this, generic prescription rates remain low. AIM: To audit in-patient prescription practice in a single surgical department and identify potential savings which could be realised by adherence to the generic prescribing policy. METHODS: Surgical in-patient charts ...
Yang Yang - - 2013
The ferrocene/ferrocenium (Fc/Fc(+)) redox couple has been deemed one of the best candidates of the standard electrochemical reference for redox reactions in ionic liquids (ILs). To fully reveal the redox reaction mechanism in the IL condensed phase, solvation, as a prerequisite, apparently needs to be understood. As a preliminary attempt ...
Gadhe Changdev G - - 2013
Chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is an important receptor used by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) to gain viral entry into host cell. In this study, we used a combined approach of comparative modeling, molecular docking, and three dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR) analyses to elucidate detailed interaction of ...
Duan Xiaoguang - - 2013
Lepidopteran insects affect cassava production globally, especially in intercropping system. The expression of Cry toxins in transgenic crops has contributed to an efficient control of insect pests, leading to a significant reduction in chemical insecticide usage. Helicoverpa armigera is a Lepidopteran pest that feeds on a wide range of plants ...
Singh Mini - - 2013
A combined analysis of a bovine and ovine mammary gland transcriptome from two similarly designed microarray experiments suggested a strong positive association between the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) implying that major pathways regulating the lactation process were evolutionarily conserved within the two species. Some distinct pathways identified indicate the physiological ...
Umeki Akihide - - 2013
Aiming the 'Bridge to Recovery' course, we have developed a novel left ventricular assist device (LVAD) controlling system. It can change the rotational speed of the continuous flow LVAD, EVAHEART, synchronized with the cardiac beat. Employing this system, we have already demonstrated that myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2), which is considered ...
Culver J O - - 2013
Studies suggest that patients carrying a BRCA variant of uncertain significance (VUS) may have lingering confusion concerning results interpretation. Counseling for uninformative BRCA-negative (UN) results is thought to be more straightforward, despite the fact that both results lead to similar methods of empiric cancer risk counseling. This study compared surgical ...
Novoyatleva Tatyana - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a fatal disease for which no cure is yet available. The leading cause of death in PAH is right ventricular (RV) failure. Previously, the TNF receptor superfamily member fibroblast growth factor-inducible molecule 14 (Fn14) has been associated with different fibrotic diseases. However, so far there ...
Pointer Emmy - - 2013
The objectives of this retrospective study were to identify the most common clinicopathologic abnormalities in starved dogs, assess the time required for those abnormalities to resolve, and determine whether clinicopathologic abnormalities recorded at time of intake to the hospital influenced time to regain weight. Records of 152 very underweight or ...
Eijkelenboom Astrid - - 2013
Forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factors are involved in the regulation of the cell cycle, apoptosis and metabolism. In model organisms, FOXO activity also affects stem cell maintenance and lifespan as well as age-related diseases, such as cancer and diabetes. Multiple upstream pathways regulate FOXO activity through post-translational modifications and ...
Song Yipeng - - 2013
The three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D CRT) plays an important role in the combination treatment of esophageal carcinoma. However, an accurate estimation of the clinical target volume (CTV) of esophageal squamous carcinoma (ESCC) by 3D CRT is still problematic. This study aimed to provide reference values for CTV estimation. The serial ...
Jiang Tian-Fang - - 2013
Parkinson's disease (PD) is pathologically characterized by the presence of α-synuclein positive intracytoplasmic inclusions. The missense mutation, A53T α-synuclein is closely related to hereditary, early-onset PD. Accumulating evidences suggest that pathological accumulation of A53T α-synuclein protein will perturb itself to be efficiently and normally degraded through its usual degradation pathway, ...
Valdez Carmen R - - 2013
Although it is widely accepted that parental depression is associated with problems with children's socioemotional adjustment, the pathways by which parental depression influences children's adjustment, particularly in low-income Latino children are not fully understood. In our investigation of 1,462 low-income Latino children in the first grade and their Spanish- and ...
Marcus Erin N - - 2013
Research suggests that women with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) and ethnic minority women are at increased risk of being inadequately informed of their mammogram result. The purpose of this study is to explore breast imaging centers' communication practices and assess how these centers accommodate women with low literacy and LEP. ...
Schubert Tom - - 2013
A 13 mo old spayed female mixed-breed dog presented in a nonambulatory state that was attributed to severe myoclonus secondary to distemper. The authors hypothesized that mitigating the myoclonus would help the dog become ambulatory and expedite convalescence. They injected the severely affected muscles with botulinum toxin on two separate ...
Das Rudra Narayan - - 2013
In order to protect the life of all creatures living in the environment, the toxicity arising from various hazardous chemicals must be controlled. This imposes a serious responsibility on different chemical, pharmaceutical, and other biological industries to produce less harmful chemicals. Among various international initiatives on harmful aspects of chemicals, ...
Depledge M H - - 2013
Early steps in the emergence of the discipline of "Oceans and Human Health" are charted in the USA and discussed in relation to past and present marine environment and human health research activities in Europe. Differences in terminology are considered, as well as differences in circumstances related to the various ...
Zhou Mowei - - 2013
Charge states of noncovalent protein complexes in the gas phase are known to affect their propensity for unfolding and dissociation. In this work, C-reactive protein (CRP) pentamer and Concanavalin A (ConA) tetramer at different charge states were subjected to collision induced dissociation (CID) and surface induced dissociation (SID) in a ...
Vietri Jeffrey - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the impact of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on patient reported outcomes in Europe. This study was conducted to assess the burden of HCV infection in terms of work productivity loss, activity impairment, health-related quality of life, healthcare resource utilization, and associated costs. METHODS: ...
Zelinová Veronika - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyse the alterations of glutathione peroxidase (GPX) expression and activity during the recovery period after a short-term treatment of barley root tip with cadmium (Cd) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). The transcript level of GPX increased as early as 1 h and GPX activity 3 h ...
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